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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, November 06, 1936, Image 4

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Published Friday of each week at
Plentywood, Montana, by The
Peoples Publishing Company, Inc.
Entered as Second Class Matter,
October 18, 1918, at the Post Of
fict at JPlentywood, Montana, Un
der the Act of March 9, 1879.
Editor and Manager
F. of L. opened m Tampa with
the die-hard craft unionists m
control On the other side is iiKe
wise the extremists who have de
termmed policy.
The differences between the two
groups, while important, did not
make a split inevitable. Unfortu
nately clashes of personality have
played their part, and a desire
for personal power on the part of
Labor Economist and Educator
. Instructor at Brookwood
Labor Cgllege
The crucial convention of the A.
Believing that a brief explanation of the
Frazer-Lemke Farm Mortgage Morator
ium Act woul dbe of interest to some of
the farmer readers of the Producers News.
I will try to give a step by step explana
tion of the Act.
The new Act has been in operation a
little over a year and in some sections of
Montana has been the means of saving
hundreds of farmers from losing their
property. Under the provisions of this
law any farmer who has not actually lost
title to his property may file a petition
with a Conciliation Commissioner or with
the Clerk of the United States District
Court, and for a period of three years he
can be assured of possession of his proper
ty including livestock and all farm pro
The purpose of the Frazer-Lemke Act
is to create a moratorium on all farm debts
so that the farmer may retain the posses
sion and use of his farm for the period as
provided by the law. Without this law
the farmers were at the mercy of the
grafting mortgage sharks and collectors
for the machinery trust.
In order to set up a Conciliation Com
missioner it is necessary for at least five
bona fide farmers of the county to sign
a petition to the Federal Judge of their
district asking that a Conciliation Com
missioner be appointed for their county.
Also, they must state in their petition that
the signers intend to take advantage of
the provisions of Section 75 of the Bank
ruptcy Act. Upon the filing of the peti
tion the Federal Judge will appoint a Con
ciliation Commissioner for the county or
After the Conciliation Commissioner
has been duly sworn in and has furnished
bond, the next step is for some farmer
who is in financial difficulty to go to some
lawyer who is in sympathy with the farm
er and have him draw up a petition and
file it with the Clerk of the United States
District Court, and this should be done be
fore a sheriff's sale has been held, other
wise certain rights may be lost. This peti
tion should be carefully drawn and all
debts and assets must be listed. When the
petition is filed with the Clerk of the Fed
eral Court he refers the case to *he Con
ciliation Commissioner who sets the date
of the first meeting of the creditors at
which the creditors may meet and ques
tion a farm debtor as to his financial
affairs and the farmer will submit an of
fer of settlement which the creditors have
nintey days to accept or reject, unless
otherwise notified by the Conciliation
If a majority in amount and number fail
to accept the offer of the debtor the same
is rejected and the fanner must file an
amended petition asking that he be ad
have |
Certainly those who have deter
mined policy on each side have
demanded full surrender of the
other, and this was a price for
peace that no one was willing to
The future lies with industrial]
unionism, because machinery and
large-scale industry are inevitably
breaking down craft skills * n<1 .
0l ^ 1 * n< Y 1 S ~ !
wixn w*»
erasing craft lines.
trial unions can ccpe
giants of. the steel, automobils,
and rubber industries. The organi
zation drive and energy is on the
side of the industrial unionists.
I?«,. rnncrno if ft** Kr*Ai*h
cannot be healed, all progressives
will support the industrial union
group. Yet the labor movement is
in for a period of civil strife, with
its attendant weaknesses at a time
when the danger of war «id fas
cism are very great. In the light
of recent European history, labor
can ill afford to take the chance,
It will remain a matter of rc
gret> 0J1 the part of all who have
labor's interests at heart, that}
therç wag not enough statesman
ghi Qn both g j deg of the contto .
V ersy to wcxk out a reasonable

The coming session of Congress
will be eagerly awaited, to see

m ^ lse fo . ols Ponder if it's safe ... ;
sAaves . justice ere the crave
inches surfeit, fat and dour
Un unpaid wages of the poor;
p 10 * soc ^ labor, gaunt and bowed
j y ^ ea t dead weight of the proud
i? ^Pt by writs and dubs and prison«
« T , >5? crin S es > fawns, or sins
The depravity of- Man/' -
And ff* 9 W and Publican ; .
T?a d «LIU 8 i nk . e S t0 '.»dii his own,
jWi JWOf of viciousness full-blown.
Arthur Hopkins
judged a bankrupt under Sub-section (S)
of Section 75 of the Bankruntcv Act. All
property of the farmer is now under the
exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal Court.
Immediately upon the filing of the first
petition any attempt to interfere with his
possession or to proceed with legal per
taining to the farmer's property will upon
proper application to the Federal Court,
will issue a restraining order enjoining
such interference.
A second creditors meeting is called by
the Conciliation Commissioner after the
amended petition is filed. In this meeting
the creditors are given an opportunity to
again question the debtor. The Concilia
tion Commissioner will then appoint three
disinterested parties to appraise the deb
tor's property and report as to its value.
Then the Conciliation Commissioner issues
an order setting aside the exemptions of
the farmer according to, state law and also
issues an order staying all proceedings for
the three year period and the debtor is
given the right to retain any or all of his
property, being required to pay such
for the use thereof or rent as the Court
may choose to order
At the end of or before this ehree year
period expires the farmer is required to
pay in full unless he can make other
rangements with his creditors.
The writer has observed the working of
this law in the central part of the state
and I find that wherever the law has been
administered by fair-minded, honest Con
ciliation Commissioners that the farm
mortgage sharks have drawn in their
horns and have ceased to harass the debt
ndden farmer. •
. ^ add that the Great Falls Divi
sion of the Federal District has a Judge
that has been very just in all of his deci
sions and has refused to be bullied by the
attorneys for the mortgage
Any farmer in Montana that is in im
^ iate M dang ? r of tosing his farm should
ESt ï« Nelson, Lewistown,
Mont,, the first and most successful Con
cihation Commissioner in this state
John W. Clark, either of whom will be
very glad to explain this law in detail
i $
■$ v\r
whether Roosevelt will go to the
right or to the left.
Since he has been overwhelm
ingly returned to office and is
his second term,
that he has nothing
now serving
some argue
more to fear from the reaction
j t j s equally true, however, that
he has no thing more to. fear from
i a bor, for workers flocked to his
banner without . asking questions,
and without obtaining pledge's for
future legislation. ^
ary groups.
Roosevelt smeasures, in
past, have been of two types, one
designed to promote recovery and
the 'other to effect reforms. Since
he now proclaims that recovery is'
he ^ desp j, te the ten millions of
unemployed, we can expect an end
^ that type of measure . The pre .
slashirvtr of WPA is a case'
° f WFA IS 8 0888
* •
Reform measures, as in the
past, will run up against the Su
preme Court barrier. True, the
average age of the justices is now
71 years, and Rosevelt may have
a chance to make several replace-.
ments during the coming years,
One can hope that thè reactionary
justices, not the liberal ones, will
be ones f° die. :
This, however, is a slim hope
upon which to rely. Labor would
be in a far stronger position had
it frightened all old-party politic
ans by a strong vote for labor's
own .party; or failing this had it
at least exacted from Roosevelt
definite pledges as the price of
i ■
' -
! NEW YORK. — (LSP) —Com
&g from as far west as the Miss
, issippi river hundreds of people
participated in a testimonial din
M T . Mo « .
nerto Noman Thorny, Socialist
leader, here last week. Tribute
s was paid him by representatives
of the Socialist party, numerous
trade unions, peace organizations,
. rivil liberty groups and student
, organizations.
Similar dinners to celebrate
, Thomas- 62nd birthday and honor
! him for 20 years of service to the
i a bo T movement were held in
; other cities> p art of hig speech
was broadcast ver a nation-wide
radio hook-up.
— (*LSP)—
The two largest unions in the
maritime federation of the Paci
fic, now conducting a strike, the
longshoremen and the sailors last
week accepted the cooperation pre
ferred by the Socialists in wires
from Clarence Senior, national
executive secretary, and Norman
A. L. McCurdy, recording sec
retary of the International JLong
shoremen's Association, Local 38
79, answered, ''We thank you for
your letter of Nov. 4, in which
you pledge the support of Norman
Thomas and the Socialist party to
the maritime
strike. Your cooperation and sup
port is greatly appreciated by the
membership of this local,"
The Sailors' Union, through its
secretary-treasurer, Harry Lunde
berg, wrote. "Thank you for the
letter received recently, extending
your cooperation to the Sailors'
Union and expressing your senti
ments of solidarity with us in our
struggle. You may be sure that
we will call upon you whenever
unions now on
CHICAGO. — (LSP) —Numer
ous reports from various parts of
the country are coming into the
national headquarters of the So
cialist party, telling about the
failure of election officials
count votes cast for the Socialist
candidates. Evidence is being col
lected and proper action will be
taken, according to Clarence Sen
ior, executive secretary of the So
cialist party,
. Other reports which are being
several men
who were fired from various go
vernment agencies for voting the
Socialist ticket.
* Our votes have never been
counted accurately," Senior said,
out this year it seems worse
than ever."
Prices of corn and hogs remain
ed about the same from mid-Octo
ber to mid-November, while sligth
advances in corn, cattle, lambs,
potatoes, and eggs just about off
set slight declines in wheat, poul
try, butter and cheese, the Bureau
°f Agricultural Economics report
ed today in its monthly summary
of thé farm price
U PBiPP IWiimB situation.
Domestic wheat prices have de
fined generally since about mid
Uctoher, largely as a result of
improved prospects for wheat in
the Southern Hemisphere and in
creased offerings of new Argen
tine wheat for deferred shipment
Now that this year's com is
made, the probability is that com
prices will hold close to the pres
ent level the next few months ex*
c *Pt ** they are influenced by
Possible change« in the demand
feed'grains a* '
pSe ft wndtt 0 h8lf
proved slightly/** pr ° s P*ct* ®*'
Prices of belt,
cattle Ue
average « lügh Ä «ft
. ^J 8ug J 1 , ter «applies
during the next thre. »
expected to eontW^.? 8 ^ ««
and to, exceed the°Lm **
■year earlier; but diS?* P wi «l»
the current martette, * Prü > «I
may be conaidetably L!f, w tk( f
in 1936. Priced
strengthen somewhat Sift 1 Ï
and may mate a rath* a.?*
vance m February "**» *
mSe g a P S?t« ftanT* 81
during the „ext fL
cause_ of the prospect of
supplies coming to lu??
late winter. ket
Butter and cheese prie«#
•* du ?. n * «• last two^
when they usuaUy incw«. m
lower production and hX®
sumer buying power in pro.«
however, the outlook is & E
mg the last month, it J I,,
smaller than m recent year, ^
it is expected that prices will
tinue to advance
until next
The general Index of prim*
ceived by farmers for their pro
ducts in mid-October stood >t 121
compared with 124 for Septemte
and 109 for October last yaar.
Feel fun of pep and possess th«
slender form you crave-you cost
If you listen to gossipen.
To take off excess fat go light os
fatty meats, butter, cream and mg
ary sweets—eat more fruit ud
vegetables and take a half teaspoon
ful of Krusoben Salts in a glass of
mornînr to clinl
hot water every
nate excess waste.
Lie of Hsm di
: *1 took off 30
es fit me line 001 ."
No drastio cathartics—op oowtl
nation—but blissful dally bowel lo
tion when you take your little «lly
dose of Kruscbea,
All former H-djMrjÿ
trip ticket, now
All Classes of Equip»««*
Stop-overs Anywhsr*
5oo your Local At** _
ROUTE Of THE fltfl
empire BUILDER
peppy ems
You can btces« 9 1 *
this easy* 1 *
S5n# <*la f»***t&£m**£**£
BUT. If you are
partie* to
• • •
wbo.r.«uU<.<££ tßfarm
HAM S J» 0 .' VDI* *■ FlN

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