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Catch Basins and Silt Holes
The best method for conducting sur face water to a tile Is through a catch basin. This basin Is constructed by digging a hole in the ground and wall ing it up with stone, brick, plank or sewer tile. The depth varies from four to six feet, and the diameter from two to five feet, according to the amount of water to be carried away and the size of the tile outlet. The tile outlet is placed two feet above the bottom of the basin. This pro vides a place in the bottom for the accumulation of silt, thus preventing it from being carried into the tile. The water enters the basin through a coarse iron grate, either at the top or at the side near the top. This grate keeps out the trash. The mouth of the outlet tile should also be protected with a coarse screen to keep out trash that may pass through the inlet grate. Fig. 1.—Catch Basin. The silt that accumulates should be cleaned out as often as is necessary. Figure 1 illustrates the construction of a catch basin walled with brick. The water enters it through a grate in the top. The construction of a silt basin is similar to that of the catch basin. It THE IDEAL SALESMAN By CHARLOTTE WHITNEY. Ideal* are easy to portray. To fol low ideals Is another matter. To talk about an "ideal salesman" requires eloquent words and felicitous com parisons. To become an ideal sales man is a matter of life experience and may be well said to begin with the commencement of active manhood. To tell how to become an "ideal salesman" is one thing short of the impossible. Carlisle could call men fools, but even his mighty vocabulary did not tell how to become wise. Therefore I will attempt portrayal only and wish my pen was more skill ful and keen to show forth the kaleidescope virtues of the "ideal salesman." Let me call him Ms. Brown. Mr. Brown's identity precedes and under lie# his business relations. He is an Ideal man; fair and square; fair, that is to say, without reproach, a man whose eye is clear and whose record la open to any who care to read. Square, clean cut, no evasive turns and twists, and snake-in-the-grass curves; a man you can count on just as you can count on the proportions and angles of a square. . Add to these fundamental qualities, certain little finishings and furnish "nigs of personality, pleasing In ad dress, courteous in response, cool in argument, adaptable in agreements, firm in proposition, prompt in en gagements, these and other essentials go to make Mr. Brown a desirable representative of any undertaking, es pecially true in this, a business that covers more kinds of experience than almost any other on record. Mr. Brown understands human na ture. He must. In the course of one day he will meet as many kinds of The Ideal Salesman. individuals, as there are hours In the day. If he cannot read A. and B. and C. as he meets them, then he wastes his time, throws away his own invalu able energy and goes far towards complete failure in his sales. Here, for instance, is a man who plays the game of "bluff," but so blandly And quietly that unless Mr. Brown can look right through his gimlet eyes and meet him with pa tience, tact, pleasantry, honest dog gedness, whatever that special bluff demands, he will meet his better. Here is another man who is abnormal ly conservative; another who knows very well what the stock is, but thinks to make a dollar by depreciation; still another who is all fool hardy im pulse. There la your quick, keen, logical, straight-forward and stingy ■jam. There are men who are all is usually smaller in diameter, has about the same depth, and a two-foot space below the outlet for the accu mulation of silt. It is walled ths same as the catch basin. A silt basin takes care of water brought to it by means of a tile. The location of a silt basin should be at the </////, Fig. 2.—Silt Basin. junction of several lines of tile which empty into one tile outlet, or at the lo cation where the grade changes from that of a greater to a less one. At this Junction silt is often deposited and, without the use of this basin, would clog the tile. Silt basins are frequently covered over deep enough to cultivate the soil above them, while catch basins are not. Great care should be exercised in locating silt basins, especially in drains where the fall is very slight, a* the basin has a tendency to check the flow of water. It. is always desirable to have the outlet at least four inches above the inlet. The silt should be cleaned out of the silt basin as often as it fills up to the outlet tile. This will be oftener the first year than later on. Figure 2 illustrates the construction of a silt basin. talk, men who wait for Brown to say it all; men who know what they want and won't say so; men who don't know what they want and think they are wisdom personified; men whe overestimate the possible results and blame him if disappointed; men who know Mr. Brown's business better than he does himself, tell him all about Its constituency, and his utter inability to supply their wants. From such, and many other kinds, it Is Mr. Brown's duty to get business. He must meet each and the most difficult of tasks, be all things to all men and he himself remain fair and square. He must interpret the needs of his customers, sensitive to their likes and dislikes to any particular kind of stock under selection. He must be an encyclopedia of information Trade conditions must be under his finger as the pulse of the patient is under the finger of the physician. He should be able to help his custom er decide the conical time for buying or selling. To do this successfully, he becomes a prophet; senses condi. tions! Mr. Brown never attempts to de preciate the value or merits of a rival or competing house in order to se cure business for the firm he repre sents. He finds honorable means of convincing his would-be patron of the advantages of dealing with his concern. Mr. Brown never neglects his business. His heart, his brain, his conscience, his whole efforts are everlastingly at it in the interests of his firm and of his customers. He can hold his tongue, likewise he can give his confidence; it needs strength and judgment to do both wisely. Em bodied system, punctuality and relia bility; these characterize the ideal salesman. The ideal salesman is possible. We find his counterpart in the yards at South Omaha, and he it is who keeps the pace of trade up to a lively mark, placing supply and demand in touch with each other. I can say from a long and varied experience that he is not a rare character and count myself proud to meet him In frequent visits to the stock yards at that point.—Charlotte Whitney, Kearney. Successful Swine Breeding. For successful swine breeding I find that the following points must be ob served: Select from your young hogr. those Intended for brood sows, and feed them food that will make them grow and that will give them good muscles and good frame, avoiding much food of a fattening character. See that the sows have 12 or 14 teats. Two or three weeks before breeding time feed heavier, so that the sows will gain nicely. Select a stock hog that is strong and vigorous. After breeding, continue feeding food that is bone and muscle-making. A few days before farrowing time pen up each sow and feed moderately, giving such food as is to be fed after farrow ing. A change of feed may cause scours in the pigs. Do not give too much variety at any time. These points are overlooked by a majority of farmers. Handle Yearling Colts. —Don't for get to keep up an acquaintance with the yearling colt. The first season they are out on pasture they are apt to become wild unless they are handled occasionally. Feed the Soil. —Fruit trees cannot thrive on all kinds of exhausted soil. The trees will make a growth of leaves and wood on poor land, but they require mineral manure to pen feet the fruit. Make Them Comfortable.—Do the work horses have comfortable stalls at night or do they have to fight flies while you sleep T ELK PRESERVES IN WILDS OF COLORADO Where Hundreds of Noble Animals Roam About in Their Natural Surroundings. "Co' Dick! Co' Dick!" As the lusty-lunged Colorado ranch er sends the cry echoing up from the quaking asp bottoms there is a sud den crashing in the underbrush. A tinkling bell draws nearer, and soon there flashes into the open glftde a magnificent cow elk. About her neck is a bell, but otherwise there is noth ing to hint that she has not sprung from the wilds. The crackling of the underbrush grows louder and soon more elk break through into the open and stand staring at the human in truders. They make a magnificent picture against the green bushes of the creek bottom, and soon across the rushing trout stream, outlined against the sky, appears a row of antlered heads. If it were not for the fact that in the early summer most, of the elk re main in hiding with their young there would be from one to two hundred of the animals gathered in the creek bot tom or watching proceedings from the opposite bluff, for this is the great ittlefield elk ranch of Northwestern Colorado.—the most magnificent elk preserve in the world. Fourteen years ago Barrett. Little field. a veteran cattleman on the Lit tle Snake river, saw that elk in the Rocky mountains would soon be ex erminated unless some steps were tak en to preserve them. Mr. Littlefield's ranch is an ideal mountain retreat at the headwaters of the Little Snake. Here was the natural home af the elk years ago. There were few ranches in that part of Colorado at that time, and great bands of elk would come down from the mountains in winter to forage at lower levels where the snow was not so deep. They caused losses among the ranchmen owing to the fact that the hungry animals would break through fences to get at the stacks of hay. But as the country grew more set MRS. LITTLEFIELD FEEDING AN ELK. tied the elk were killed off. To-day. j in a land where one could see bands of | thousands of elk ten years ago. one j can travel for weeks without seeing j one of the noblest animals of the Rocky mountain game country. The j elk are practically exterminated r.s j far as Colorado is concerned, and it j is only a question of a few years until they are exterminated in .Jackson's j Hole. Wyoming, their last stand. Fortunately, however, Mr. Littlefield j had begun to work out a scheme for ! a large elk preserve. From a small 1 beginning fourteen years ago. his elk 1 herd has increased until he has a mag nificent herd. The animals thrive here as they will not thrive in a city park | because they are in their natural stir- i roundings. The Littlefield elk ranch is ; in the heart of their old-time feeding ground. Part of it is in creek bottoms, thickly covered with the delicate quak ing asp. on which elk love to teed, and part of it is mountainous. Here the elk wander, over hill and dale, get ting the feed they like best, and being molested very little by man. Tn tbe background are the snow-capped peaks of the Sierra Madre range, and one cannot wander over the elk pre serve without getting some pictures of surpassing beauty when elk are sur prised in their favorite haunts or come at Mr. Littlefield's call. The man who carried out this unique idea with such surprising re sults is a typical Westerner. In early days he was a cow man. and old time cattlemen in Colorado say Barrett Lit tlefield was one of the most daring riders and expert judges of cattle in the West. For years he conducted a cattle ranch in Route county, but when his elk herd betraii cq increase Firing Through Snow. Owing to the tremendous snowfall this winter the German army has been able to make a number of curious ex periments. The new small caliber gun was tried against mounds of snow. Behind mounds fifteen feet in diam eter and six feet high wooden figures were placed. Against these targets the Infantry fired and the new bullets went right through, hitting the targets without lOBing any of their power. Th* figures were riddled, only the wooden trainee remaining. he sold off all his cattle and now de votes himself entirely to the preserva tion and propagation of these noble creatures of the wilds. "I like to handle elk," said Mr. Lit tlefield to a visitor. "They are the cleverest and most knowing of ani mals. You can't handle them the way you would handle cows or horses, how GLIMPSE OF AN ELK IN NATURAL SURROUNDINGS. ever. If you clout an elk over the nose to make him move away, as you would a horse, he will never forget it. He will give you a wide berth forever after. It is hard for a stranger to get near the elk here except late in the fall or in the winter. In the spring, when the young have come, the old elk hides in the creek bottoms and will not come out. But in the fall and winter, when feed is getting a little short, the elk will come at my call to get hay." Mr. Littlefield has been compelled to resort to many expedients to keep his herd from growing too large. He A GROUP OF ELK IN THE QUAKING ASP BOTTOMS. Court Amenities. " The learned district attorney has the misfortune not to know anything of the law." ''The learned counsel labors under the handicap of being an ignoramus." "Sir?" "Sir to you." Then the wheels of justice resume their grinding. It Is difficult tor the girl who Is un able to get married to realise how lucky she is. - has supplied the markets of Denver wi*h elk meat in the holiday season, and he has sold many live elk to pub lic parks, some even being sent to Antwerp, for the public gardens there. For his market trade he keeps a num ber of steer elk. These magnificent creatures keep their antlers all the year round, while the bull ell-c shed theirs in the spring. It astounds men who are familiar with elk in their na tive haunts, when a group of antlered creatures is seen in summer. It is estimated that in the course of ten years, if the present rate of slaughter is continued, there will be. no elk in Colorado, and comparatively few in Wyoming, where most of the survivors have fled. Poachers are even killing elk in Yellowstone Na tional Park, running down the animals in winter, when the police protection in the park is inadequate. Only a few weeks ago several of these elk poachers were caught, by the authori ties and heavily fined. They admitted they had slain hundreds of elk and had left the bodies to rot after knock ing out the tusks, which are valuable as the insignia of a certain secret or der. But, thanks to the foresight of Mr. Littlefield, the elk are not doomed to toial extinction. As long as he main tains his magnificent herd the wapiti family will always be safe from total elimination, no matter how shameless ly the hunters carry on their work of destruction. Why the Notes Lost. M hen the late Lord Goshen was chancellor of the exchequer under Lord Salisbruy it was proposed to bring out LI notes. Mr. Goschen, as he was then, was rather doubtful of the value of such notes, and he con sulted a well known financier as to the advisability of the innovation. ' It would be a grave mistake," said the financier. "Why," queried Mr. Goschen. "Well, you see, you can toss with a sovereign, but you can't with a £1 note." was the reply, and the £1 notes were shelved.—Cleveland Leader. Wise Bard. "Who Is that swell looking chap sauntering along tbe avenue in broad cloth, silk hat and patent leathers?' 1 "Why, that is a spring poet." "What? You mean to say a spring poet, could make enough to wear broadcloth and diamonds?" "Oh. yes; you see, this chap writes poems advertising in glowing language tbe medicated spring at a big health resort," Doesn't Always Wcrk. "The way to get a thing done prop erdy," remarked the moralizer, "is to do it yourself." "Oh, I don't know." rejoined the de moralizer. "I have a distinct and pain ful recollection of trying to shave my self once." That's Never Level. Lovett—It is said, you know, that "love levels all things." Batcheller—Yes, it may level all things except tbe lover's head. SPRINT WAS NOT ENJOYED. Washingtonian Got More Exercls Than He Cared For. A funny story is going the round concerning a recent adventure of Washington merchant who tips th scales at something over 300 pound The portly party was in a hurry t catch a train that was scheduled t leave at a certain hour, and findln that he only had fifleen minutes i which to reach the depot, he liastil summoned an ancient night-line coup The vehicle was as rickety and ur certain as the fabled "Parson's On Hoss Shay," and just before the fa man entered the rig he notified th driver to hasten to the station at to speed. With this lie scrambled into tn coupe anti slammed the door. Hardl had lie done so when his great avoi dupois caused the floor of the vehicl to go down and out like a flash. Th big man's feet went down to the co ere ted roadway, but by grasping th small seat in front of him he ma aged to keep himself from falling int the running gear. The vehicle in th meantime was going at quarter-hors speed, the driver heading for the d not and lashing his bony steed into a the run it bad in its not over ni~ Tbe fat man found himself co polled to work his chubby limbs wit treat rapidity and fairly run in co - ■;any with the old hack to the raifroa station, upon reaching which he san to the ground from exhaustion and tourse missed the train. Alter •.tout individual had partialis' repo* •red from his enforced foot acair.st time, the driver demanded h are and damages lor the less of t floor of iris coupe. , 'You watt, you blanked scound - until 1 get my wind and I'll pay y with a big club," said the exaspe ated merchant. "You made hie nearly fifteen blocks owing to rottenness of your rig, and now want pay, do you? Just wait till get out of the hospltail and no what'll happen to you, you smithe tug idiot." And the fat man limped away su ported by two stalwart men. CUT OUT FOR A DIPLOMAT. Little Son of South American Min ter Is Wise. Domingo Obaldia, the six-vear-o son of the former minister from the present acting president of P~ ama, made many friends during father's residence in this city. He a precocious youngster, quick to ticipate the American predispositi to interrogate children of forei countries. For instance, directly person inquired his name, he not on gave it promptly, but supplied the formation that "it was just the sa' as Sunday," for which intelligent p pie were correspondingly grateful. Several months ago Domingo p~ a visit with his mother to a ve handsome and popular Washingt hostess. He was greatly impress with her appearance and charm a expressed a wish to pay a seco visit. The opportunity never aro however, but liis mother consent to take him with her when ishe cently called to say good-by to t lady in question. It was the latte day at home, and the drawing-ro was filled when lime. Obaldia w announced. Little Domingo—"t same as Sunday"—paused in the c ter of the room, clasped his han and gazed with all his soul in his ey at his hostess. Then in lapid quite audible Spanish he said to mother: "There she is—just look at her heavenly beautiful as ever!" If Domingo follows in the footste of his father, he is likely to be good diplomat. The President's Apprentice. It takes juvenile wit to fit the a quate word to a man's occupation. A group of small boys—playmat of Quentin Roosevelt-*-were standi hi front of the Rochambeau statue jafayette, square, Washington, other day when a victoria rolled of the White House grounds headed up Jackson place.' The m who rode in the victoria wore a da mustache and glasses and a silk was set above his agreeable face. The smallest of the boys raised tap and executed the most polite Ration in the direction of the toria, the occupant of which return the bow with a genial smile. 'Who were you bowing to. K die?" said the tallest to the littlest he boys, and the latter replied w he utmost pride and respect, "I w bowing to the president's appr tice." His Memory at Fault. A veracious observer dropped 1 .me of Washington's most popul ales the other clay, merely to get match. While the bartender was m ing the phosphorus a man promin local business and social circ strolled in and took a half Nels hold on the rail. From his app ance one would have thought that had just recovered from a severe ness or was suffering from fatty degeneration of the equilibrium. E dently he was well known to the thy mixer, for that dignitary dr thither and put himself at t}ie s man s service. "Shay, have you sheen m' frie Congressman-, in here thish aff noon?' "Yes, sir, he was in here about flour ago." The visitor leaned fartheY forw and with evide- t anxiety inquired what was meant for a whisper; "Shay, wuzsh 1 with him?"