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foundation of your future prosperity is in your
ground; and Montana, in my judgment, will be the greatest grain, growing—that is the growth of small grains—greater than that of any state in the Union (Applause) and from what 1 saw 1 am not prepared to say that Montana will not eventually be a great corn state. But if you are not a great corn state, von will rank in the very foreground in alfalfa, and alfalfa will take tbe place of corn. I f vou want to feed livestock and put vour cattle and your bogs in the very prime of condition, remember that with alfalfa and baricv vou can make as good l>eef and as good pork as ever was offered anywhere. The best hams in the world are known as Westphalia hams, and mv German friends here know that there never was a kernel of corn fed in West phalia. Wiltshire bacon in England commands a fanes' price, and there never was any corn fed to hogs in Wiltshire. Up in Denmark a few seat s ago—and the people of Denmark are a pat tern -tliev started the first agricultural college in 1188. Tiles' are doing today better dairy work than am countrv in the world. Thov sell onlv to Great Britain. The last returns 1 had, and they were exact, tliev produced forty-eight million dollars worth of dairy products and twenty-five million dollars worth of hams and bacon. Now. thev have a country of which onlv 1-2,000 square miles can be cultivated—not any bigger than one of vour western counties—and still they support '2, 60 n.iliiii people, and they support them ss'oil. Thev have about Go to the square mile and the United States has about thirty people to the square mile. We can readily take care of five times that number; we can readily take care of one hundred and fifty people to the square mile. But how?" B\ better cultivation of the land, by getting people on small farms and getting the last and best results than can lx" got out of the land. A man raising *20 bushels of wheat per acre will make twice as much profit as the man who raises fifteen. It. is the quantity, the yield, that brings the money. A VAST ESTATE. Now, you have nearly 91,000,000 acres of land in Montana. Thirteen to fifteen million acres of this land you may sav a. mountain side. If it were in Switzerland it would he in dairv farms, and their cattle would follow the melting snow in the spring up the sides of the mountUns and come down in the fall as the snow would drive them. Vou have, sav, fortv or forty-live million acres of pasture land, and that leaves vou some where from thirtv-three to thirtv-four million acres of g(X>d arable farm land. Now let me sav to vou that the state of Illinois has thirtv-five million acres of farm land within her borders, and vou have as manv acres of good arable land HOB ANNOUNCEMENT To Our Friends and Patrons We ha.ve secured a new site on Main street, and will open up spring business in a new, modern building with a :::::::: : Complete Stock of Lumber, Mouldings, Sash a.nd Doors, Shingles, Lath, Plaster, Cement, Paper, Etc. We shall aim to carry the best grades obtainable and give the best service possible, and respectfully solicit your patronage. Let us Figure Your Bill MIDLAND COAL & LUMBER COMPANY --FOR THE SEASON COAL COAL COAL as they have in the state of Illinois. What you must do is set your minds, set your agricultural college, set the intelligence of your people, to see how to best use this land. Many will say: "Oh, we cannot irrigate it all." They used to talk about tbe irrigation in the United States of fifty million acres by the government, and then it got down gradually to thirty and finally, 1 think, now they consider that a>t any reasonable cost it will be limited to about ten. Well, ten million acres, allowing forty acres to an irrigated farm, would provide for two hundred and liftv thousand farms; and put five human beings on forte acres and that would take care of a million and a quar ter people. That would lx- equal to the increase of our population for about eight or nine months. It isn't going to relieve vou verv much. Wav hack m .188*2 the l nite the increase in population he led—svas li t per cent, Suites produced over ad I,(mO,()()() bushels of w heat and thev exported over "2(>0,000,(Mto bushels of wheat. Twentv five years later, in 1901, they exported alxnit In,000. ooo bushels of wheat, and their total crop was |, 000,000 bushels. The increase in tweiitv-five years was *21) per cent in the yield of wheat, and in mouths that had to So that we are today coming to a point where sooner than we know we will have no wheat to export. We will use it at home, and God speed the day. because it will make your land that today you may consider worth three or five dollars an acre, worth twenty five dollars an acre and fifty dollars an acre, and the better land even worth a hundred dollars an acre. You have a bright future if you will take intelligent care of it. And what we want to do is to in every way in our |xnver help vou show the people of this country that it is not necessarv for them to leave their own land, the land of their adoption or the land they were horn in, to go to any strange country, however near us, in order to make a. home. ( Applause). THE FARM IS A SURE MONEY-MAKER. Now, notwithstanding the fact that the last agricultural crop amounted to eight billion dol lars. a great many of the young people think that the farm is not the place to make money. While the farm has made more monev—manv times— than all the other conditions put together, the young people think they must get rich quick and get away from the farm. There could he no greater mistake ; no greater mistake for them in dividually ; no greater mistake for all of us col lective! v. The first Lnited States census showed that less than four per cent of the jxipulation lived in the cities. In 1 Stilt, before the civil war, it had risen to lti per cent. The census of 1810 was the first to classity population bv occupation, and of those who were winning a living by their own efforts, 48 per cent were on the land, fit thirty years, hy 1000, it had decreased to pet cent. And, today i have no doubt whatever the coming census will show that it is less than one third. Now, if one-third of the people produce more money from the farms than all the other two-thirds, from all other sources, wbv is it that the farm is not a good place to stay? Why is it the young people need to leave the land and go to town to try to get rich quick—and to bring up on the forward end of a motor car? (Laughter and applause) There are only two states in the Union which have am large amount of agricultural land left in the public domain. We could increase that acre age it we took in 'Texas, but that land is not a part of the public domain, but it is a part of the property of the state of Texas. And Montana has within her borders unoccupied agricultural lands equal—practically equal, or nearly so—to the entire state of Iowa, or the state of Illinois, and certainly they may be considered the richest states in the Union, hut neither the state of Illi nois nor the state of lawo can make as good an exhibit on till counts as you have shown today in the exposition building over there. (Great ap plause) . GET YOUR LIGHT SHINE. You must put your light on the hill and you must not hide it in the bushel am longer. You must let the world know what you have got. You will be better off, and they will he immensely better off. Your mines have served the state a great purpose; they are doing it today! thev are giving pay-rolls amounting to enormous sums, weeklv and monthly-. But beyond the monev that is paid out for mining and refining the material, and beyond the price of the tood that vou sup ply to the people working in these different call mgs, the balance of the profit goes out of the State. I he money taken out of the soil remains in the State; it belongs to vour people; it seeks vour hanks, your merchants, and all the people get the benefit—the full benefit—and every dollar of it will equal two dollars in am other direction. (' Applause). MUST PUT YOUR SHOULDER TO WHEEL. Your future wealth can not help beiiur You could not: keep hack a country that will pr< duce what we have HE treat. seen today any more than vou could keep the tide out with a pitchfork. But, let us all put our shoulder to the wheel; let us all know that we are going to march together, and keep step together, and pul Montana forward, keep her forward until she has taken her place at the very head of the column. ( Prolonged ap plause). \\ e can help you to do it, and it is our best in terest to help you because everv dollar that we # R. R. BUSHMAN^ General Blacksmithing Wood and Plow Work. Gasoline and Steam engine Repairing. Wibaux Montana. ■J Kalman Construction Company, Architects and Builders—Plans and Estimates on Any Kind of Building. A. Thorsen. Local Mgr. Offices; Miles City Wibaux THE PIONEER Job Department Prints everything from a calling card to a sale bill or catalogue. Our many pleased customers are onr best advertisenent. Try us and you will become one of them.