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President Taft Day
AT HE MONTANA STATE FAIR A Speeech by James J. Hill, Delivered on that Occasion Together with Remarkes by Proffessor Shaw And the Crop Production for 1909 From a. Bulletin Issued by the Bureau of Agriculture "Mr. President, I want to show you the best agricultural exhibit l ever saw." These words were spoken to President I a ft as he entered 1 the Agricultural Building at the Mon tana State Fair, held at Helena, September 'M, I IB li> , by Mr. James J. Hill, President of the Board of Di/ectors of the (irent Northern Railway. Mr. II i'll had spent the morning of that dav among the exhibits and found every product which is grown in the northern half of the I'nited States, and in such quality of perfection as to elicit the alxwe comment. Air. Hill is a student, an observer and one of the best authorities upon agricultural mat ters. Such an unreserved tribute will he a surprise to thousands in the State and an inspiration to more thousands outside of the State. The truth of the prolific \»elus and superior quality of Mon tana products is known to a few who have care full} followed their amazing progress from year to year, as will appear by facts and statistical statements heretofore published b\ this Bureau, some of which will be found at a later page here in. I'o those in closest touch with the facts, Mr. Hill' s words are not astonishing, but in view oif the interest which his further statements in this connection must arouse, the Commissioner of the Bureau feels impelled to reproduce, in full, his speech made at the Fair (mounds on this dav. J. J. HILL'S SPEECH Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen: Your Chairman yvas entirely too compliment ary. Il 1 have been able to do anything to better the conditions of the NortInvest, 1 am glad of it —heartily glad ol it—and yvhile it has helped me individually, 1 hope 1 am not so fond of money as to put that in the first place. Money is only good for w hat it w ill buy or what it will bring. ( Ap plause ). Montana, as your Chairman said, leads, or has led, in the production of gold, and of silver, and of copper, and they have all been extremely val uable in opening up your State; but let me sav that the natural wealth of the soil of Montana is greater than the wealth of all the mines within her borders--many times greater. ( Applause.) STATE HAS VAST WEALTH. It is not at all a fancied picture to say that IF YOU WISH A LOAN OF MONEY Call at our office or write us what you want and what you have to offer. We Loan on any class of security and will buy good commercial paper. Farm Mortgage Loans, either long or short time on Montana and and Dakota farms FISHER ® FISHER. ATTORNEYS Wibaux, Mont. Glendive, Mont. Abstracts of Title of Dawson County Lands Promptly Furnished Chattel Abstracts Compiled ■A C. M. ALLEN THE DRUGGIST A Full line of Drugs, Patent Medicines, and Drug Sundries We also carry a large stock of Stationery and School Supplies Confectionery, Cigars, Books, Periodicals and Post Cards Prescriptions Carefully Compounded Montana can produce, and that she will produce when she has the people—the industrious popula tion to go out on the soil over $500,000,000 an nually, and that will come out of the soil; and when it is done they are ready to turn to the same sources and produce it next year, and the following year, and soon forever. (Applause.) Because our kindly old Mother Farth renews her fertility; she has the ability to nourish all the children her bosom has borne, and she will do it if we observe her laws. She carries in one hand a skirt, and with the other hand she offers us our daily bread. We must regard her laws; we must regard the natural provisions by which she maintains the fertility of the soil, and its power to reproduce itself year after year. It we do not. depend upon it, she will punish us in tlve end. Now. how are we to know our duty to the soil." The whole world is devoting intelligent attention to the science of agriculture. People say, "()h, he is a farmer," mid they mean by.that, that he is not blessed with more intelligence than he ought to have. I ,et me say, there is no profession, there is no occupation that calls for or can use a higher degree of intelligence than that of the cultivation of the land. ( Applause). FCNCTTON OF AGRICCI.TCPAT. COL LEGES. Noyv, hoyv dees the yvorld get at all this high order of intelligence in matters of agriculture.'' There are in every ciyilized country on the lace of the earth agricultural colleges ; they publish their experiments; each knows yyhat the other does ; each knows yvhnt yvill bring success in one direction and under certain conditions, and yvhnt yvill bring certain failure under conditions that nwv apply even to all of them. The agricultural colleges of these states should do the experiment ing. should test all the questions of breeds ol cattle, of qualities of soil, and the effect ol culti vate n on the soil and of the exhaustion ot soil and yyhat yyill restore the fertility of soils, the adaptation of seed to soil and soil to seed. These are the questions thr.it should he determined by the agricultural colleges and experimental farms in this country because, with the yvork that is being done bv your college in Montana, North Dakota, our college in Minnesota, and all the var ious colleges over the country, and let me say, ait the head of which is the agricultural college of the state of Wisconsin. Practically they are in a class by themselves, because they have ad vanced farther and they keep in touch with all their graduates, and they do their work in a more scientific, thorough, up-to-date manner, and it is bringing results in the State of Wisconsin that a few years ago were entirely unlocked for. WHAT THEY ARE DOING. Many of her farmers yvoiuld say: "Is it pos sible that these college follows can (ell us hoyv to plant a field, hoyv to farm? what do they know about it?" Well now, I yyant to tell you that one ol these professors an their college—although when President Van Hise, the head of the uni versity told me he found that map, teaching a country school, and he had the children cultivat ing a six by eight foot plot during vacation and during the play hours, he found that he yvas teaching them plant life, that ho was an enthus iast, and yy lien he proposed to bring him to the State l Diversity some of the professors, some of the faculty, said: "No, he is not a college man; he has no degree." But he brought him, and in six years he developed a variety of Indian corn that raised the average yield in Wisconsin from 'H to G bushels per acre, and added $15,000,(100 to the value of the crop in a single year. (Ap plause). 1 said to him; "President Van llise, surely you can afford to give that man a degree," and he thought he could. ( Laughter.) Noyv, you hear in mind, my farmer friends, and everybody else—remember that in this coun try, and not only in this country, hut throughout the yvhole yvorld, every nation that ever continued to exist tor ativ length of time found its founda tion resting on the cultivation of the soil. Ii yvas man's first occupation and it will he his last, be cause if the soil was not cultivated for a single year the population of the earth would pass ayvav ; they yvould starve to death. F.ven hack yvhen the first ox yvas yoked to a crooked limb of a tree for a plow it meant as much to the human race as did the invention of the steam engine. THE S< >IL IS THE S< U RGE ()F LIFE. No nation luus continued to live for anv great length of time that has neglected the cultivation and the preservation! of the fertility of its land. > l on can go hack to the valley of the Euphrates, as we arc apt to consider it the cradle of the hu man race—at least that portion of it that spread westward through Eastern Asia. Northern Af rica, over Europe and finally to America. At the time of its greatest prosperity, it yvas the greatest agricultural country in the world. Herodotus tells us. that yvith poor cultivation they got fifty fold__ thev got a return of fifty bushels to the bushel planted—and yvith good cultivation they got a hundred to a hundred and fifty fold. How is it today? Babylon and Nineveh, the great cities built In the enslaved captives of conquered tribes brought to that country by the ruler who dom inated the known world—these cities today are marked by piles of desert sand, and their once fertile valleys are the homes of a few ]>oor, wan dering Arabs seeking a green spot upon which to pasture a few sheep and horses. LOUIE FONG First Class Restaurant and Short Order Chop House Regular Meals and Short Order Lunches at any hour of the day. Wibaux. - - Montana Chas. L. Working. jeweler & i£ngravcr Watch repairing and engraving a specialty. All work guaranteed. ljocutftl one door south of First Nut'l Hank. Wibaux. Montana. K. J. STIPEK M&nulttlurrr of »nil Dnlrr in Harness and Saddlery, Brid les, Collars, Whips, Fur Robes, Etc. Men's Furn ishings, Boots and Shoes. I pay highest cash prices for hides, pelts and furs. Wibaux, - - Montana. MONEY BACK T HERE'S a lot of money here and in this vicinity. Possessorsot thatrnoney read this paper; they swear by it. They want to be shown. If your goods are right, they want to buy. This paper talks to that money at regular intervals. It's money that talks back and talks back strong. Get your share—do your talking through our ad vertising columns.