President Taft Day
AT HE MONTANA STATE FAIR
A Speeech by James J. Hill, Delivered on that Occasion
Together with Remarkes by Proffessor Shaw
And the Crop Production for 1909
From a. Bulletin Issued by the Bureau of Agriculture
"Mr. President, I want to show you the best
agricultural exhibit l ever saw."
These words were spoken to President I a ft as
he entered 1 the Agricultural Building at the Mon
tana State Fair, held at Helena, September 'M,
I IB li> , by Mr. James J. Hill, President of the Board
of Di/ectors of the (irent Northern Railway. Mr.
II i'll had spent the morning of that dav among the
exhibits and found every product which is grown
in the northern half of the I'nited States, and in
such quality of perfection as to elicit the alxwe
comment. Air. Hill is a student, an observer and
one of the best authorities upon agricultural mat
Such an unreserved tribute will he a surprise
to thousands in the State and an inspiration to
more thousands outside of the State. The truth
of the prolific \»elus and superior quality of Mon
tana products is known to a few who have care
full} followed their amazing progress from year
to year, as will appear by facts and statistical
statements heretofore published b\ this Bureau,
some of which will be found at a later page here
in. I'o those in closest touch with the facts, Mr.
Hill' s words are not astonishing, but in view oif
the interest which his further statements in this
connection must arouse, the Commissioner of the
Bureau feels impelled to reproduce, in full, his
speech made at the Fair (mounds on this dav.
J. J. HILL'S SPEECH
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen:
Your Chairman yvas entirely too compliment
ary. Il 1 have been able to do anything to better
the conditions of the NortInvest, 1 am glad of it
—heartily glad ol it—and yvhile it has helped me
individually, 1 hope 1 am not so fond of money as
to put that in the first place. Money is only good
for w hat it w ill buy or what it will bring. ( Ap
Montana, as your Chairman said, leads, or has
led, in the production of gold, and of silver, and
of copper, and they have all been extremely val
uable in opening up your State; but let me sav
that the natural wealth of the soil of Montana is
greater than the wealth of all the mines within
her borders--many times greater. ( Applause.)
STATE HAS VAST WEALTH.
It is not at all a fancied picture to say that
IF YOU WISH
A LOAN OF MONEY
Call at our office or write us what you want and
what you have to offer. We Loan on any class of
security and will buy good commercial paper.
Loans, either long or short time on Montana and
and Dakota farms
FISHER ® FISHER.
Abstracts of Title of Dawson County Lands Promptly Furnished
Chattel Abstracts Compiled
C. M. ALLEN
A Full line of Drugs, Patent
Medicines, and Drug Sundries
We also carry a large stock of
Stationery and School Supplies
Confectionery, Cigars, Books,
Periodicals and Post Cards
Prescriptions Carefully Compounded
Montana can produce, and that she will produce
when she has the people—the industrious popula
tion to go out on the soil over $500,000,000 an
nually, and that will come out of the soil; and
when it is done they are ready to turn to the
same sources and produce it next year, and the
following year, and soon forever. (Applause.)
Because our kindly old Mother Farth renews her
fertility; she has the ability to nourish all the
children her bosom has borne, and she will do it
if we observe her laws. She carries in one hand
a skirt, and with the other hand she offers us
our daily bread. We must regard her laws; we
must regard the natural provisions by which she
maintains the fertility of the soil, and its power
to reproduce itself year after year. It we do not.
depend upon it, she will punish us in tlve end.
Now. how are we to know our duty to the soil."
The whole world is devoting intelligent attention
to the science of agriculture. People say, "()h,
he is a farmer," mid they mean by.that, that he is
not blessed with more intelligence than he ought
to have. I ,et me say, there is no profession, there
is no occupation that calls for or can use a higher
degree of intelligence than that of the cultivation
of the land. ( Applause).
FCNCTTON OF AGRICCI.TCPAT. COL
Noyv, hoyv dees the yvorld get at all this high
order of intelligence in matters of agriculture.''
There are in every ciyilized country on the lace
of the earth agricultural colleges ; they publish
their experiments; each knows yyhat the other
does ; each knows yvhnt yvill bring success in one
direction and under certain conditions, and yvhnt
yvill bring certain failure under conditions that
nwv apply even to all of them. The agricultural
colleges of these states should do the experiment
ing. should test all the questions of breeds ol
cattle, of qualities of soil, and the effect ol culti
vate n on the soil and of the exhaustion ot soil
and yyhat yyill restore the fertility of soils, the
adaptation of seed to soil and soil to seed. These
are the questions thr.it should he determined by
the agricultural colleges and experimental farms
in this country because, with the yvork that is
being done bv your college in Montana, North
Dakota, our college in Minnesota, and all the var
ious colleges over the country, and let me say, ait
the head of which is the agricultural college of
the state of Wisconsin. Practically they are in
a class by themselves, because they have ad
vanced farther and they keep in touch with all
their graduates, and they do their work in a more
scientific, thorough, up-to-date manner, and it is
bringing results in the State of Wisconsin that a
few years ago were entirely unlocked for.
WHAT THEY ARE DOING.
Many of her farmers yvoiuld say: "Is it pos
sible that these college follows can (ell us hoyv to
plant a field, hoyv to farm? what do they know
about it?" Well now, I yyant to tell you that one
ol these professors an their college—although
when President Van Hise, the head of the uni
versity told me he found that map, teaching a
country school, and he had the children cultivat
ing a six by eight foot plot during vacation and
during the play hours, he found that he yvas
teaching them plant life, that ho was an enthus
iast, and yy lien he proposed to bring him to the
State l Diversity some of the professors, some of
the faculty, said: "No, he is not a college man;
he has no degree." But he brought him, and in
six years he developed a variety of Indian corn
that raised the average yield in Wisconsin from
'H to G bushels per acre, and added $15,000,(100
to the value of the crop in a single year. (Ap
plause). 1 said to him; "President Van llise,
surely you can afford to give that man a degree,"
and he thought he could. ( Laughter.)
Noyv, you hear in mind, my farmer friends,
and everybody else—remember that in this coun
try, and not only in this country, hut throughout
the yvhole yvorld, every nation that ever continued
to exist tor ativ length of time found its founda
tion resting on the cultivation of the soil. Ii yvas
man's first occupation and it will he his last, be
cause if the soil was not cultivated for a single
year the population of the earth would pass ayvav ;
they yvould starve to death. F.ven hack yvhen the
first ox yvas yoked to a crooked limb of a tree for
a plow it meant as much to the human race as
did the invention of the steam engine.
THE S< >IL IS THE S< U RGE ()F LIFE.
No nation luus continued to live for anv great
length of time that has neglected the cultivation
and the preservation! of the fertility of its land.
> l on can go hack to the valley of the Euphrates,
as we arc apt to consider it the cradle of the hu
man race—at least that portion of it that spread
westward through Eastern Asia. Northern Af
rica, over Europe and finally to America. At the
time of its greatest prosperity, it yvas the greatest
agricultural country in the world. Herodotus tells
us. that yvith poor cultivation they got fifty fold__
thev got a return of fifty bushels to the bushel
planted—and yvith good cultivation they got a
hundred to a hundred and fifty fold. How is it
today? Babylon and Nineveh, the great cities
built In the enslaved captives of conquered tribes
brought to that country by the ruler who dom
inated the known world—these cities today are
marked by piles of desert sand, and their once
fertile valleys are the homes of a few ]>oor, wan
dering Arabs seeking a green spot upon which to
pasture a few sheep and horses.
First Class Restaurant and Short
Order Chop House
Regular Meals and Short Order
Lunches at any hour of
Wibaux. - - Montana
Chas. L. Working.
jeweler & i£ngravcr
Watch repairing and engraving a
specialty. All work guaranteed.
ljocutftl one door south of First Nut'l Hank.
K. J. STIPEK
M&nulttlurrr of »nil Dnlrr in
Harness and Saddlery, Brid
les, Collars, Whips, Fur
Robes, Etc. Men's Furn
ishings, Boots and Shoes.
I pay highest cash prices
for hides, pelts and furs.
Wibaux, - - Montana.
T HERE'S a lot of money
here and in this vicinity.
read this paper; they swear by
it. They want to be shown.
If your goods are right, they
want to buy. This paper
talks to that money at regular
intervals. It's money that
talks back and talks back
strong. Get your share—do
your talking through our ad
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