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Every nation in the world to the present time
that has neglected the cultivation of the soil, has practically ceased to exist. Professor Perrero, in liis late and very interesting history of Rome, sums up in a philosophic manner the result of the experience of all nations during all the years, and he says that the only victories, the only triumphs that were ever permanently won, were won by the plow and not hv the sword. (Applause.) (IKK MAN Y AN EXAM PLE. \Ye know that Prance and (iermany have been cultivated for fifteen or eighteen hundred years. We know that the yield today in (Iermany—a country not naturally as fertile as our own—we know that they yield an average of 27 or hush els of wheat per acre. They have neither the soil nor the climate that we have, hut they have learned the hard lesson of necessity—of the ne cessity of conserving their soil. When we think of wealth and riches we are apt to measure it by some oilier standard than that of agriculture; hut let me call your attention to the fact that the 1 )e parnnent of Agriculture gives a total value of the crops raised in the vear of P.tOS as over $S,000, 00(1,000. p'.igbt Pillions is no larger a mouthful than eight millions, hut it is a thousand times greater in quantity. Now, when we consider eight billion dollars, it is somewhat difficult for the human mind to comprehend it, and it makes the production of all the other wealth sink into insignificance. Again, we take lumber and build a wagon or furniture; we take iron and steel and build the automobile, and it is worth so much. I hit that is onlv the change in form by adding some days work that has given it its increased value, while the eight billion dollars of products of the farms were wealth created out of elemental conditions -—every dollar of it new wealth, taken out of the earth and handed over to mankind for his bene fit. ( Applause.) A LESSON PROM ROMP'.. 'I h( v Roman Empire overran the world in its day; its entire foreign policy was governed and influenced practically hv its desire to secure food for its people. When Rome conquered the Island nPSi ilv it levied a contribution-*—an annual con tribu inn—of twelve miillion bushels of grain nit on the people of the island of Sicilv, and Sicilv was known as the granary of Rome. Today that island does not raise a* million and a half bushels of gi a in all teild. And what has become of the people?- 1 What has become of sons and descend ants of The people who built the cities of which we can only judge of their extent hv their magni ficent ruins? They are strangers in a strange land seeking to suptxtrt their wives and children labor ing on our railroads for less money than anybody W. H. RUCKER WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN Fine Wines, Liquors and Special attention to family trade New Opera House just Completed which I offer for the use of the Public for Dances, Theatricals and all Public Gatherings T H E past year was a banner year in the Beaver Valley, and I wish to thank my cus tomers for my share of the prosperity. During the coming year there will he no change in my methods of doing business—to run a first class place, and give my customers the best of goods and courteous treatment. I solicit your trade. W. H. RUCKER else will accept, and that because they neglected the primary, the one essnlial condition that would save them as a nation of the world. AN ECONOM 1C CC )M 1'ARl St )N. A good illustration as to the value, of economic and sound system of agriculture is shown in the parallel between Prance and England. After the Napoleonic wars, and Napoleon was safely housed on the island of St. Helena, (ireat 1»rit ain settled her silver and gold standard about INI!) and started on a period of great commercial expansion and colonization. I ler colonies were built up until it was said that you would never get out of the sound of the reveille of her drums and that the sun never set on the dominion of the empire. The Frenchmen were too poor to colon ize. I he hones of her best voting men were left on every battlefield in I mi rope; but they went hack to the soil of Prance and in a prudent, in telligent manner they set to work and they culti - vated it. and let us see the result : At the close ol the J*'ranco-( ierman war, when they were called upon to pay a thousand million of war indemnity, they paid it. And nineteen or twenty years later, when the oldest English hanking house in (ireat llritain failed. France came to the rescue and said: "How much money do you want?" Today Prance is the blanker nation of the world. She has little in the way of mineral value—coal, iron or other minerals—hut she lias an industrious, . rugal people cultivating the soil of Prance, and their savings today have made the French nation the hanker nation of the world. (Applause.) A( iEK'ULTURE IS PROSPERITY'S F( >l'NI)ATi< )N. Twenty-five or thirty years ago in the North west—what: we called the Northwest then—Min nesota andthe Dakotas—we thought that twenty five bushels of wheat to the acre was a fair crop, and if a man got less than twenty we thought he had a partial failure. Today the average crop of the Northwestern states—-at least up to the present crop because we have not the returns vet. hut up to the crop of P.NIS— is less than thirteen bushels per acre. Now, if we go on in that wav, falling off about a bushel every two or two and n half years, how long will it he before the land would not pay for the cultivation? WHY 1 TAKF W INTEREST. Sometimes people wonder why ! lake such an interest in it. Well let me sav to you. 1 take that interest in it because it is the foundation up on which the prosperity and even the future life of our people must depend, not only now hut for all time. TIMS IS A PERIOD OF ECONOMIC CHANGE. Now, at this particular period in the history ol our country, there is a great change coming. Ever since the first settlement at Jamestown or at Plymouth Rock we have had an unlimited public domain upon which the surplus population could spread itself and make homes free, where every man might sit under his own vine and fig tree and raise his family in comfort, il not in affluence. That time and those conditions have changed and the change is becoming more and more em phasized every year. When 1 came west hlty lliree years ago, Chicago lvad about IX ),<)(>() peo ple. Today she has two millions and a halt ; and within one hundred miles of ( hicago there is wild, unoccupied prairie. During that time the front wave of settlement has gone W est until il has finally reached he Pacific coast, and is now turning hack on the inland. Portions of it arc going to the Canadian Northwest seeking homes. .Maybe some of you think it. unlortunate that Montana should not have been in a position at an earlier day to receive her share of the west hound population hut let me say, it is never too late to do right ; it is never too late to do a good thing. When we built into northern Montana—and I want to tell you that il took faith to do il-— (Laughter and appkouse) from the eastern boundary of the State to Fort Renton was un ceded Indian land; no white man had a right to put two logs, one on top of the other. I I he un dertook to remain too long in passing through the country, lie was told to move on. F.ven when cattle crossed the Missouri River, during ihe First years, to come to our trains, the Indians asked $.~>0 a head for yvalking across the land a distance of three miles, and they wanted an ad ditional amount per head I don't rememb r what it was—for the water they drank in cross ing the Missouri. (laughter.) Happily that is all changed. MONTANA IS HERAT—HER FI Tl'EE C.RF \TF.E. Noyy 1 have never lost faith for one moment in the fertility of the soil of Montana. And to day yvha.'t have I seen? 1 have seen Che fruiti n of our hope, ma\be our hope deferred, hut in that building there is an exhibition of agricultural products that cannot be obtained by am state or province on this continent. ( Applause). And in some respects 1 know that it cannot he equaled hv aov Mate or province of this continent. ( Ap plause). I yyas glad to see vour cattle, and they are fine and a credit to the State. 1 was glad to see vour livestock. I was glad to see vour fruit. It all goes to make happier, more comfortable lives for the people, hut let me say that the great II. I). DENNIS, Wibaux, Mont. Range head of big Beav er. Cattle branded as shown in cut. Horses same on left shoulder. Other brand, T W on the left ribs. 1 nov have the en tire Brand as shown in cut. W00DBURN PROS. Trotters, No. Dak. Cattle brand ed as shown in cut, Range on Boise and spring creeks branded on left side, thus, lllll ARTHUR G. PARSONS, WIBAUX, MONTANA Cattle branded as sho w n in cut. Range o n Smith, and Cotton wood creeks, Horses brand ed on left thigh l -fU GO YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trage Mark-5 Designs Copyrights & , Anyone Bending a sketch and description n,f v quickly ascertain our opinion free whether trii invent ion is probably patentable. Community» t ions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on I 'alow j sent tree. Oldest agency lor securing patents. Patents taken through JMunn & Co. receive special notice , without charge, in the A handsomely illustrated weekly. 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