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NEWS IN MONTANA
Items Gathered From Various Parts ot the State. OPEN LAND TO CULTIVATION Box Elder Country Being Opened to Agriculture and Large Tracts Being Sowed to Wheat. The Box Elder country, once the best grazing teritory in the region about Great Falls and embracing a tillable area of between 30,000 anil 40,000 acres, will be abandoned this year by sheep and cattle men and where the herds and Hocks once reigned supreme the steam plowing outfits will rule hereafter. In three contracts already let more than 6,000 acres will be turned by the plowshare this year. These are but the first of a lot of contracts which It is known will be let. Capital from Minnesota and the Dakotas is financ ing the work of changing over this great grazing section to a vast field of wheat. Steam outfits from several Minneso ta and Dakota points have been shipped here this spring and more homesteaders from those states than all others together have made filings at the local laud office. The newcom ers were many of them pioneers of the Dakotas and Minnesota and they have sold their developed farms there for handsome profits. WOOL GROWERS OPPOSE PACT Montana Association Disapproves of Reciprocity. The resolutions adopted by the East ern Montana Wool Growers' associa tion at its recent meeting at Miles City, when the first quarter century of Its existenoe was celebrated, recited among other things that the sheep in dustry in Montana represented an in vestment of 145,000,000 with approxi mately 8,600 employes and that the | labor and shearing costs are the high j <eet in the world. The entire country, , they said, is interested in wool and i the woolen schedule and the associa tion called on the members of con gress to protect the home market against any possible foreign invasion. The proposed Canadian reciprocity treaty was protested against in the resolutions as being of no benefit to consumers In this state. NEGRO WOMAN IS MURDERED Mary May of Billings Found Dead With Throat Cut. With her head almost severed from her body by a ghastly wound in her throat, the body of Mary May, colored, was found in a room of the little house in which she had lived in the southern part of Billings. She had been dead several hours when the discovery was made by neighbors. That she had been mur dered was apparent after an investi gation had been made. A bloody broken razor lay a few feet from the body and there were evidences of a terrific struggle. The walls of the room were covered with blood. An aged white man named Skene is being held on suspicion. | Suicide Ends Card Game. R. A. Fitzhugh, a Great Falls saloon man, played a game of cards with friends, lost, paid fur the drinks, then calmly removed his shoes and, telling his card table companions to look, blew out his brains. Fitzhugh appar ently had contemplated suicide all j night, but had deferred self destruc tion until the arrival of his partner to ! go on the morning shift. | Bridge Builder Falls to Death. John Miehls, a bridge carpenter in the employ of the Great Northern, lost his balance while working on a trestle at Stockton and fell 200 feet to bis death, in falling he struck a timber beam, eight inches thick, snapping it in two. Convicted of Manslaughter. George Harris, on trial at For- | gythe, was found guilty of mauslaugh- j (tor for the killing of T. A Cotton. ! Harris is sixty-eight years of age and bis victim was sixty-four. Both were .well known stockmen. They had been neighbors and had quarrelled over a fence. I \\ Wild Parsnips Kill Montanan. John Hughes, a truck gardener at Missoula, is dead, and George Stein muller, an employe of Hughes, is crit ically ill as the result of eating wild parsnips. There is slight hope for Steinmuller's recovery. Hughes was a -pioneer resident of Missoula. SPECIAL "M INE R ESCUE" CAR Teaches First Aid to Injured in Mine Accidents Through a joint arrangement between tho newly established government Bu reau of Mines and the Northern Pacific railway, one of the six new mine-rescue ears, equipped for first aid to the injured in mine disasters, rescue work, combat ting mine, fires and prevention of mine catastrophes, will bo sent into the North west. It will be in charge of a mine expert and four assistants from the gov ernment bureau, and will be transported free over Northern Pacific lines to meet the demands for its services. While not employed on rescue work and in the sav ing of life, the car will operate as a traveling school for the instruction of mine employes in new methods of first aid, preventing mine accidents and other facts valuable to them in meeting con ditions arising from accidents, injuries, fires and disasters. Exterior—MINE RESCUE CAB—Interior. UNION LEADER UNDER ARREST Charged With Complicity in Los Angeles Explosion. HUSTLED OUT OF INDIANA Accused Man Denied Permission by the Officials to Consult Friends or Attorneys. Chicago, April 22.—John J. McNa mara, secretary and treasurer of the International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, was ar rested at Indianapolis today on. the charge of having engineered the dy namiting of the Los Angeles Times building last fall. At almost the same moment that McNamara was arrested in his Indian apolis office a party slipped out of Chicago on a special train bound for Dos Angeles, bearing with them the secrets of the long and disastrous war against the open shop. One of the prisoners in the party that left Chi cago was the mysterious "J. B. Bryce," to whom the dynamiting of the Times building has been traced and who has been held responsible by a grand jury for the murder of the twenty-one per sons who perished in the explosion. He proved to be none other than James McNamara, brother of the la bor official. The other prisoner was a Chicago man, Ortie E. McManigal, who is a member of local No. 5 of the Iron Workers' Chicago branch. Both men were arrested on April 12 in Detroit, where they were alleged to be pre paring to destroy the new $2,000,000 railroad terminal there. Their Arrest Suppressed. ' That John J. McNamara, who is de clared to be the brains of the open shop war, might be taken into custody at the proper moment their arrest was suppressed. They were tricked into allowing themselves to be taken I to Chicago from Detroit without legal I resistance and since then have been j held here. On the way .from Detroit, the detectives assert, McNamara at tempted to win freedom by bribery. He is said to have offered first $20,000 and then $30,000 to be allowed to slip off the train with his companion. Following the arrest of Secretary McNamara in Indianapolis dynamite was found in the basement of the building occupied by the union and also iu a barn rented by McNamara. The arrests marked the end of one of the most thrilling hunts ever re corded. Many times detectives knew in advance that certain explosions were to take, jilaeg and, did uot dare The new rescue cars were built for the government by the Pullman Company and are being distributed over the coun try in order that they may be held at locations adjacent to mining districts, ready for emergency calls. They are of the most modern type and the equip ment with which they have been supplied embraces every device known to expert mine rescue authorities for the saving of life. Tho car allotted to Northern Pacific territory will be located at Bill ings, Montana, which is a central point from which to reach the Montana bitu minous coal fields. Billings is also the junction of the Northern Pacific and Bur lington lines, and the latter railway will join in handling the ear and its staff be tween its new headquarters and points on that line in the southeastern Mon tana coal district. to prevent them lest they warn the quarry of their presence. For six months, during which time more than a dozen bomb outrages have been staged by the "wrecking crew," its members have never been out of sight of a detective. William J. Burns, head of the Burns detective agency and the man who exposed the San Francisco graft ring, is responsible for the arrests. Given No Chance for Defense. McNamara's arrest was well planned and startlingly carried out, in a man ner strange in American legal pro cedure. He was rushed to police court, where Police Judge Collins, Mayor Shank and other officials, ad vised In advance were waiting. Mc Namara seemed almost dazed. Ar raigned immediately he was asked how he pleaded. He seemed not to be able to grasp what was going on. 'T protest," he shouted. "This is 1 an outrage," but he got no further, j A plea of not guilty was entered for | him and Judge Collins remanded him \ into Burns' custody. He had no time to consult friends or attorneys, but was rushed to the train. Edgar A. Perkins, former president of the State Federation of Labor and now president of the local Typograph ical union, expressed the resentment felt in labor circles here when he said: "This high handed outrage would not even be permitted in 'Darkest Russia.' Investigations have proved that the explosion was caused by gas and not by dynamite. Those of us who know McNamara—and he num bers his friends by the thousands— know he is innocent. His innocence will be proven. He will come out all right and the labor unions will stand by him in his fight." SUSPECTS RUSHED WEST Alleged Dynamite Plotters Pass Through Kansas City. Kansas City, April 25.—According to officials of the Union depot here Ortie E. McManigal and J. B. Bryce, or J. B. McNamara, arrested for cora yiieity in the alleged dynamiting of the Dos Angeles Times building, passed through here in the custody of detectives on the California limited on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad. None of the party left the train and none was seen by newspa per men. Men Fed From Troughs. Wentworth Woodhouse bus long been famed for its hospitality, but iu the eighteenth century, when profes sional caterers were unknown, guests there had to rough it more than those who entertained recently. On Jan. 7, 1732, Richard Wardman writes from Wentworth Woodhouse that "my lord is to have a great diner for all his teneuts and some other of his loveing gentlemen that is parsons and dok ters and potheccarys, and none is to be admitted but what bus tickitts. I am told they have killed eighteen Does, Barons and Spondones. His lordship has got a man to make him three Hundred duzou of wooden trenchers. He finds him wood, and the mao makes them.''— London Mall. 'fhe cars are provided with several sots of the latest Draegor oxygen helmets, necessary for entering places where the oxygen in the air lias been used up. Besides supplying oxygen to the wearer of the helmet an apparatus is attached lor the resuscitation of the overcome miner. It is a scientific method of forc ing tho lungs into artificial respiration. The lungs are filled with artificial air and the waste coming from the lungs is absorbed in a can of chemicals which is fastened to the pump. These cars are about 70 feet long and have been arranged after a plan worked out by the Bureau of Mines and the Pull man company to make them tho most efficient for the work they are expected to do. The cars are provided with sleep ing and cooking quarters and cooks. The experts will live in the cars, and will thus be ready at all times for any emergency that may arise. 6RAND JURY TO PROBE AFFAIR Will Look Into Indianapolis End of Dynamiting Case. MARSHALL MAKES PROMISE Governor of Indiana Says No Further Requisitions Will Ee Granted With out a Hearing for the Accused Per sons—Labor Men Declare Dynamite Alleged to Have Been Found Was "Planted" by Enemies. Indianapolis, April 25.—Deo M. Rap paport, counsel for the International Association of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers, secured a writ of re plevin in the justice of the peace court for the books that were seized by the police Saturday night in the offices of the association in the Amer ican Central Life building in this city. A constable appeared at the grand jury room with the writ, which had been issued against County Prosecu tor Baker and Superintendent of Po lice Hyland, but when the prosecutor told the officer if he attempted to serve the writ he would be in con tempt of court the coustable left the building. Superintendent of Police Hyland was summoned before the grand jury with the books seized Saturday night and an investigation was started by the grand jury. Prosecutor Baker says the investigation will be made along two lines: First, whether the officers of the International Associa tion of Bridge and Structural Iron Workers had any knowledge of the explosives that were found in the basement of the building where their offices are located. Second, whether the enemies of the iron workers' or ganization had anything to do with the placing of the explosives iu the building. Probing Charge of "Plant." That the grand jury has taken cog nizance of intimations contained in statements attributed to offcials of the iron workers' association that the organization is the victim of a con spiracy by agents of employers who hud "planted" dynamite to "create" evidence was the statement of Prose eutor Baker. "I must decline now to say," said he, "whether we shall subpoena the national officials of the iron workers' association and the private detectives and attorneys that have been active in uncovering the deposits of dyna mite here. Thus far we have sum moned only the superintendent of the Indianapolis police. The books of the association will remain in my charge When the car is not engaged in actual mine-rescue work it will be used in dem! oils! rating methods of prevention and rescue, so that in case of accident anil beloro the ear reaches the point of dis aster, effective first aid may be rendered by those on the ground. In performing this educational work it is proposed to take this ear from one coal mining camp to another in the terri tory mentioned. The car will remain at each camp from one to three weeks as conditions may require, and during this lime the men in charge will use both the car and tho neighboring mines in train iiig young, selected miners and mine fore men in the use of mine-rescue equipment, and in mine-rescue methods in general! The experts in charge of the car will also give lectures to the miners, illustrating the methods of preventing mine disasters and of procedure necessary in case of disaster. MADERO AGREES TO AN ARMISTICE Rebel Leader Accepts Proposal to Suspend Hostilities. Washington, April 23.—Dr. , asquez Gomez, confidential agent of the Mex ican revolutionists in (he United Slates, has received a telegram from General Francisco I. Madero, Jr., au thorizing him to begin negotiations with the Mexican government for an immediate armistice. The message to Dr. Gomez from General Madero, transmitted through Gonzales Garza at El Paso, reads as follows: "Taking into consideration the ac tual situation General Madero accepts the armistice proposal covering the zone of Juarez in order to negotiate peace iu conferences that are to fol low." The news of the agreement to ar range an armistice was immediately telegraphed by Dr. Gomez to Senor de la Barra, minister of foreign affairs at Mexico City, with whom he has been iu constant communication during the last few days. as long as I think we need them In our inquiry. No court has power to take this evidence from us. "We also shall investigate the ques tion as to whether certain persons collected dynamite here with the in tentiou of blowing up buildings. The probe into the dynamiting of struc tures in process of buildjng in this city last year will he reopened. We will review all the local aspects of the case before the session of the grand jury closes." No More Secret Extraditions. Governor Marshall has assured F. M. Ryan, president of the structural Iron workers, and Deo M. Kuppaport, attorney for the organization, that if tuy more requisitions come from the governor of California for any person In Indiana in connection with the Los Angeles dynamiting he will take what steps he may deem proper to insure the accused man a hearing In the courts, with an attorney, before he is extradited. In making the assurance tlie gov ernor said lie wished it to be under stood that he was not criticising Judge James A. Collins of the Indian apolis city court for the court's ac tion of Saturday evening. "I presume," he said, "that Judge Collins did his duty. But in view of the fact that It has been charged that J. J. McNamara, who was extradited Saturday, has been 'railroaded' from the state without proper opportunity to present his case, I believe every precaution snould be taken, in the event of other requisitions, to guard against a repetition of the charge. "In the event such additional requi sitions should come 1 will make it one of the conditions of the state warrant that the accused man must be given opportunity to appear in court with an attorney to contest the validity of such warrant, if he so chooses." Rings on Her Finger. A clerk in a downtown jewelry store was being instructed by bis new em ployer. "When a man comes in to buy a weddiug ring always ask him if au engagement ring will be worn with it and what carat it is. The two should be the same. If the engagement ring Is eighteen carats, say, and the wed ding ring is fourteen, as they rub to gether the softer ring will show the wear and usually just under the stone, which becomes loosened. We have had to reset hundreds of diamonds for this very reason."—New York Sun.