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VOLUME G WIBAUX, DAWSON COUNTY, MONTANA. FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1912 NUMBER 28 Agricultural Education. The Twenty-first Annual Re poit of the Association of Americ an Agricultural Colleges and Ex periment Stations has just appear ed. This shows that there are forty-nine institutions of college grade, teachii g agriculture in the United States. One of these in stitutions is located in each state and territory oir the main land, and one on thu Hawaiian Islands at Honolulu. When we remem ber that the first agricultural col lege was started fifty-three years ago, in the state of Michigan, the reason for the development of this number, and for the important place now held by these institu tions, is of interest. In 18(52, Abraham Lincoln sign ed the Morrill Act. By means of this, Congress provided for the setting aside of certain lands in each state and territory, the in come of which was to be used for instruction in agriculture, mechan ic arts and allied subjects. Think ing men had come to recognize that higher education, as provided by the universities, was not design ed for the direct help of the great producing classes. The provisions ot the first Morrill Act were fram ed with the idea of meeting this apparent need. In 1890, the sec ond Morrill Act was passed, pro viding for annual appropriations out of the Treasury of the United States, for the support of these colleges. Later, in 190(5, Nel son Bill made further provisions for support along certain lines. To receive this Federal support it is necessary for the states to make certain provisions on the start, and to continue this support as long as the United States Treasury contributes. The state must pro vide buildings and look to their care. Only certain lines of in struction are permitted under the Federal Acts, and so other necess ary lines must be provided by the states. In practice, those provis ions have proven wise, as they have insured the interests of the states and made real state institu tions. In the beginning, the agricultur al colleges offered courses of strict ly college grade. This confined the work to young men chiefly, and to those of the young men who had finished a high school course. This preliminary train ing was necessary to enter the college. Noting the existing de mand for training such as the col lege gives, by the men on the farms who could not avail them selves of the full college course, colleges provided shorter and | The Store of Quality, Right Prices and ! Fair Dealings to All 1 1 We carry a complete line of 1 Staple and Fancy | GROCERIES Come in and see us and get acquainted. We want your trade and will offer prices to command your patronage. Special for a short time on ■ FLOUR I $2.90 in 500 lb. lots | | Woodburn's Grocery Store, We Iily -1 more elementary courses. Wis consin was amongst the first to off er this "School of Agriculture" work. At present, such courses are offered by many of the institu tions. For years ago the Mon tana State C ollege listed such a course, and n large attendance has proven its popularity. Continu ing from October to March, the men on the farms can take advant age of it, as these are the slack months. The college courses for the high school graduates; the school of Agriculture during the winter months, which does not require a high school training for entrance, along with the Extension division of the college, which takes infor mation to the farmers in their home community, thru the Farm ers' Institute ami other meetings, explain the rapid grow th and the important place now held by the agricultural colleges. Beach Drug Store Changes Hands. This week Bean & Black dis posed of their drug store in this city to C. J. Lyon, a former pro prietor of the establishment. Mr. Lyon disposed of his interests here about a year ago, and went out west, but the opportunities of the famous Golden Valley lured him back, and last w eek he returned and consumated a deal, whereby he again became a business man of Beach, and the people of this vicinity will give Mr. Lyon and family a gladsome return welcome. Messers. Bean and Black have made many friends both in a social and business way, and many will regret their decision of sever ing their connection with t!/» drug company, and we hope that the boys and their estimable families will remain as residents of our city. The Advance wishes both the old and the new T firm an un bounded successful future.—Beach Advance. Notice for Sale of Bonds Notice is hereby given for the sale of coupon bonds of School District No. 60, Dawson county, Montana, amounting to $238.56 and bearing interest at the rate of 6 per cent per annum, payable annually. Said bonds to be pay able in five years and redeemable in five years. Bids will be received by the clerk of School District No. 60 at Been, Montana, on the 17th day of August, 1912 at 1 o'clock p. m., and continuing until 7 o'clock p. m. The board reserves the right to reject any or all bids. Louie A. Gustin, Clerk, Been, Montana First Publication June 29, 1912. The Montana State Fair. An announcement of interest to every section of the state is that of the Board of Directors of the Mon tana State Fair to the effect that the purses and premiums to be off ered at the Dig exposition this year will amount, to $41,301.50, an increase of more than $7,000 over the premiums for 1911, and in sure a bigger and better exhibit in every line than has ever before been made. In addition to this increase in purses for the encour agement of exhibitors, several thousand dollars have been spent in improving the Fair grounds for the accommodation of larger crowds and for the housing of more exhibits. One of the features being in stalled this year is a fire slation, at which will be quartered a de tachment of Helena firemen, a team and hose wagon for the pro tection of the fair buildings and exhibits during fair week. New bleachers with a seating capacity of 1,500 are being con structed at a cost of $2,300, which will bring the total seating capac ity cf the fair grand stands and bleachers to a figure which is not exceeded on any other grounds in the northwest. An addition to the swine barn or "hog pens", another to the poultry house and the construction of a model dairy barn and other features in connec tion with the livestock depart ments of the Fair. The dairy barn is being built at a oost of $1,200 and will be particularly in teresting to those Montanians who are interested in the manage ment of dairies on either a large or small scale, and who take an interest in the maintenance of a pure milk supply. Five hundred dollars have been expended this summer in the con struction of roads and paths about the grounds. Additional Local News. E. J. Armstrong left Thurs day on a short business trip to Bismarck. H. L. Eskew was in the first of the week after lumber for a new house which he expects to build at once. T. S. Lovell drove out near the Blue Mountains last Sundav and reports that the crops look ex ceptionally fine. He says that he has never seen them better. Martin Muller was in from Been on Saturday and reported that the crops out there were in fine condition. J. C. Kinney left on Saturday last via the automobile for Will iston, N. D., where he was call ed on business. The Ladies, Aid of the Con gregational Church met with Mrs. W. H. Jackson on Wednes day afternoon. Wm. Cummings who resides northeast of this city was in the first of the week after lumber to build an addition to his house. The 500 Club met at the home of Mrs. T. J. Bushell on Wed nesday afternoon of this week. All report an enjoyable time. Steve Nelson and wite return ed Monday from Sidney. Mr. Nelson has taken the position as 3rd trick operator at this place. Halvor Hansen and wife of this city and C. Hansen who ar rived from Chicago last week, left on Thursday for their old home at Mona, Iowa. Roy Chappel autoed up to Glendive Saturday evening and returned Sunday accompanied by his brother, Burl, who visited here for the day. G. H. Rake, 1st trick operator accompanied by his wife left on Wednesday for a month's vaca tion at his wife's old home at Fort Dodge, Iowa. John Mingle, of nearBenizer, was in town Monday after some lumber for a new machine shed. He reports that crop conditions are showing up fine out his way. A number of our business men spent a few days the first of the week in the interests of county division. They took in the terri tory down near Carly 1 e country. A dinner party was served at the H. K. Schuster home last Sunday. The following were present; Father Ceislwiez, J. N. Schuster, S. J. Leahy, the Miss es Margaret Parker, Martha Ris vold and Mary Roy. This office has just received the premium list and program of the Tenth Annual Montana State Fair, which will take place at Helena September 23 to 28 in elusive. There will be about $7,000 more offered in prices than any previous year. H. Z. Bautz and wife who ar rived in this city a short time ago for a visit, departed Wed nesday evening for the Yellow stone National Park where they will spend the summer and thence to California to spend the winter. Mr. Bautz was former ly connected with the Crescent Hardware Co., of this city. Wibaux Team Was Defeated. Last Sunday afternoon the loc al team crossed bats with Beach and it is reported that our local team played the worst game of the season, and the conquences were that they were defeated by a score of 8 to 5. The game was a farce all the way through and was lost through errors. Brownlee was in the box for the locals and he pitch ed a fine game but his support was very poor. The first baseman and shortstop played a bum game, but P. J. Bunker who played 3rd base did some good work and made enough hits to win the game alone. Beach had an imported "rube" pitcher and he afforded plenty of amusement during the game. It is reported that his curves were "neck twisters" but were so slow that one had enough time to take naps between them. Beach play ed a trifle better game than the local team but were nothing extra at that. Taking everything into consid eration this last game shows plain ly that the local team will have to get together more often and prac tice up a bit or it will mean one defeat after another. There is lots of time to practice and we all know that with every practice game it makes the players better when the real ones are on. Board Defines Eggs Legally. Hen fruit sold in Montana is of two kinds; ''fresh eggs", and just plain "eggs", according to a re vised classification decided upon yesterday at a meetihg of the state board of health. A fresh egg is an egg not over seven days old. If it came from the hen longer ago than seven days it becomes a plain "egg". Originally the board had three varieties of hen fruit: "Fresh", "case", and "ranch". This caus ed much misunderstanding, so the classification was changed. Here after, if eggs are not labeled and sold according to this classifica tion, or if they are wrongly label ed "fresh" when they are more than seven days old, the sellers will be prosecuted. The board also decided to strict ly enforce the law relating to the sale of milk products in Moutana. Butter, cheese and other products must be manufactured from milk turned out in dairies where the cows have been tuberculin tested, and where the dairies themselves measure up to the standard of cleanliness fixed by the board and governing all Montana dairies. —Miles City Daily Star. Tracy McClain was in Monday after some lumber to fix up his barn. His old barn was struck by lightning a short time ago and he is building it larger now and improving it somewhat.