Newspaper Page Text
WE MUST OPEN UP
GATES OF TRADE All Important Problem Which Now Confronts Congress, Says President. SHIPS OUR GREATEST NEED America Fears No Nation and Is Am ply Able to Defend Itself—Great Task Ahead in Helping to Restore Peace—Economy Is Strongly Urged. Washington, Dec. S.—President Wil son today delivered his annual address to congress. Problems brought out by the great conflict in Europe engaged the greater part of his attention. The piessage follows: Gentlemen of the Congress: The session upon which you are now entering will be the closing session of (he Sixty-third congress, a congress, 1 venture to say, which will long be re membered for the great body of thoughtful and constructive work which it lias done, in loyal response to the thought and needs of the coun try. I should like in this address to re view the notable record and try to tnake adequate assessment of it; but no doubt we stand too near the work that lias been done ami are ourselves too much part of it to play the part of historians toward it. Moreover, our thoughts are now more of the future than of the past. While we have worked at our tasks of peace the circumstances of the Whole age have been altered by war. SVhat we have done for our own land and our own people we did with the best that was in us. whether of char acter or of intelligence, with sober enthusiasm and a contidence in the principles upon which we were acting which sustained us at every step of the difficult undertaking; but it is done. It liar, passed from our hands, tt is now an established part of the legislation of the country. Its useful dess. its effects, will disclose them telves in experience. What chiefly strikes us now, as we look about us during iliese closing days of a year which will be forever memorable in the history of the world, is that we face new tasks, have been facing them these six months, must face them in the months to come—face them with out. partisan feeling, like men who have forgotten everything but a com mon duty and the fact that we are representatives of a great people whose thought is not of us but of what America owes to herself and to all mankind in such circumstances as these upon which we look amazed and anxious. Europe Will Need Our Help. War has interrupted the means of trade not only but also the processes of production. In Europe it is destroy ing men and resources wholesale and upon a scale unprecedented and ap palling. There is reason to fear that the time is near, if it be not already at hand, when several of the coun tries of Europe will find it difficult to do for their people what they have hitherto been always easily able to do, many essential and fundamental things. At any rate they w ill need our help and our manifold services as they have never needed them before; and we should be ready, more fit and ready than we have ever been. It is of equal consequence that the nations whom Europe has usually sup plied with innumerable articles of manufacture and commerce of which they are in constant need nnd without Which their economic development halts and stands still can now get only a small part of what they formerly im ported and eagerly look to us to supply their all but empty markets. This is particularly true of our own neighbors, the states, great and small, of Central and South America. Their lines of trade have hitherto run chiefly athwart the seas, not to our ports, but to the ports of Great Britain and of the older continent of Europe. I do not stop to Inquire why, or to make any comment on probable causes. What interests us Just now is not the explanation, but the fact, and our duty and opportunity in the presence of it. Here are mar kets which we must supply, and we must find the means of action. The United States, this great people for whom we speak and act, should be ready, as never before, to serve itself and to serve mankind; ready with its resources, its energies, its forces of production, and its means of distribu tion. We Need Ships. It is a very practical matter, a mat ter of ways and means. We have the resources, but are we fully ready to use them? And if we can make ready what we have, have we the means at hand to distribute it? We are not fully ready; neither have we the means of distribution. We are willing, but we are not fully able. We have tiie W'ish to serve and to serve greatly, gener ously; but we are not prepared as we should be. We are not ready to mo bilize our resources at once. We are not prepar 1 to use them immediately and at tin r best, without delay and without waste. To speak plainly we have grossly erred in the way in which we have stunted and hinder' d the development of our merchant marine And now. when v.-e need ships, we have not got them. We have year after year de bated, without ( ml or conclusion, the best policy to pursue with regard to EXPRESSION IS CORRECT ONE With Advancing Age, Men and Women Do Literally "Dry Up," Says an Authority. According to the latest discoveries, the term "dried up," so often applied to old men and women, is scientifical ly correct. "Drying up" is what ac tually does happen to our bodies as they advance in age, and there is at least as much truth as noetry in the the use of the ores and forests and water powers of our national domain in the rich states of the West, when we should have acted; and they are still looked up, The key is still turned upon them, the door shut fast at which thousands of vigorous men, full of initiative, knock clamorously for admittance. The water power of our navigable streams outside the na tional domain, also, even in the east ern states, where we have worked and planned for generations, is still not used as it might he, because we will and we wont; because the laws we have made do not intelligently balance encouragement against restraint. We withhold by regulation. 1 have come to ask you to remedy and correct these mistakes and omis sions, even at this short session of a congress which would certainly seem to have done all the work that could reasonably be expected of it. The time and the circumstances are extraor dinary, and so must our efforts be also. Use and Conservation. Fortunately, two great measures, finely conceived, the one to unlock, with proper safeguards, the resources of the national domain, the other to encourage the use of the navigable waters outside that domain for the generation of power, have already passed the house of representatives and are ready for immediate consider ation and action by the senate. With the deepest earnestness I urge their prompt passage. in them both we turn our backs upon hesita tion and makeshift and formulate a genuine policy of use and con servation, in the best sense of those words. We owe the one measure not only to the people of that great western country for whose free and systematic development, as it seems to me. our legislation has done so little, but also to the people of the nation as a whole; and we as clear ly owe the other in fulfillment of our repeated promises that the water pow er of the country should in fact as well as in name be put at the disposal of great industries which can make economical and profitable use of it, the rights of the public being ade quately guarded the while, and mo nopoly in the use prevented. To have begun such measures and not com pleted them would indeed mar the record of tins great congress very seriously. I hope and confidently be lieve that they will be completed. And there is another great piece of legislation which awaits and should receive the sanction of the senate: I mean the bill which gives a larger measure of self-government to the peo ple of the Philippines. How better, in this time of anxious questioning and perplexing policy, could we show our confidence in the principles of liberty, as the source as well as the expression of life, how better could we demonstrate our own self-possession and steadfastness in the courses of justice and disinterestedness than by thus going calmly forward to fulfill our promises to a dependent people, who will now lool; more anxiously than ever to see whether we have in deed the liberality, the unselfishness, the courage, the faith we have boast ed and professed. I cannot believe that the senate will let this great measure of constructive justice await the action of another congress. Its passage would nobly crown the record of these two years of memorable la bor. An Important Duty. But I think that you will agree with me that this does not complete the toll of our duty. How are we to carry our goods to the empty markets of which I have spoken if we have not the certain and constant means of transportation upon which all profit able and useful commerce depends? And how are we to get the ships if we wait for the trade to develop with out them? To correct the many mis takes by- which we have discouraged and all but destroyed the merchant marine of the country, to retrace the steps by which we have, it seems al most deliberately, withdrawn our flag from the seas, except where here and there, a ship of war is bidden carry it, or some wandering yacht displays it, would take a long time and in volves many detailed items of legisla tion, and the trade which we ought immediately to handle would disap pear or find other channels while we debated the items. The case is not unlike that which confronted us when our own conti nent was to be opened up to settle ment and industry, and wo needed long lines of railway, extended means of transportation prepared beforehand, if development was not to lag intoler ably and wait interminably. We lav ishly subsidized the building of trans continental railroads. We look back upon that with regret now, because the subsidies led to many scandals of which we are ashamed; but we know that, the railroads had to be built, and if we bad it to do over again we should of course build them, but in another way. Therefore I propose another way of providing the means of transportation which must precede, not tardily follow, the development of our trade with our neighbor states of America. It may seem a reversal of the natural order of things, but It is true, that the routes of trade must be actually opened—by many ships and regular sailings and moderate charges—before streams of merchan dise will flow freely and profitably through them. Must Open Gates of Trade. Hence the pending shipping bill, discussed at the last session, but as yet passed by neither house. In my judgment such legislation is impera tively needed and can not wisely be postponed. The government must open these gates of trade, and open them wide; open them before it is comparison of youth to a juicy young bough and old age to a dry, withered limb on the tree of life. Prof. G. Marinesco of the Univer sity of Bucharest has recently dis covered that our flesh is made up mostly of chemical compounds of the colloid type, consisting of jellylike or gluelike substances that do not crystallize. This type of substance, he says, "grow old" chemically whether they form a part of a living body or not. Growing old, then, is a process from altogether profitable to open them, or altogether reasonable to ask private capital to open them at a venture. It is not a question of the government monopolizing the field. It should take action to make it certain that trans portation at reasonable rates will be promptly provided, even where the carriage is not at first profitable; amt then, when the carriage has become sufficiently profitable to attract and engage private capital, and engage it in abundance, the government ought to withdraw. 1 very earnestly hope that the congress will be of this opin ion, and that both bouses will adopt this exceedingly important hill. The great subject of rural credits still remains to be dealt with, and it is a matter of deep regret that the difficulties of the subject have seemed to render it impossible to complete a bill for passage at this session. But it can not be perfected yet. and there fore there are no other constructive measures the necessity for which 1 will at this time call your attention to; but I would be negligent of a very manifest duty were I not to call the attention of the senate to the fact that the proposed convention for safe ty at sea awaits its confirmation and that the limit fixed in the convention itself for its acceptance is the last day of the present month. The con ference in which this convention or iginated was called by the United States: the representatives of the United States played a very influen tial part indeed in framing the provi sions of the proposed convention; and those provisions are in themselves for the most part admirable. It would hardly be consistent with the part we have played in the whole matter to let it drop and go by the board as if forgotten and neglected. It was ratified in May last by the German government and in August by the parliament of Great Britain. It marks a most hopeful and decided advance in international civilization. - We should show our earnest good faith in a great matter by adding our own acceptance of it. Charting of Our Coasts. There is another matter of which I must make special mention, if I am to discharge my conscience, lest it should escape your attention. It may seem a very small thing. It affects only a single item of appropriation. But many human lives and many great enterprises hang upon it. It is the matter of making adequate provision for the survey and charting of our coasts. It is immediately pressing and exi gent in connection with the immense coast line of Alaska. A coast line greater than that of the United States themselves, though it is also very important indeed with regard to the older coasts of the continent. We cannot use our great Alaskan domain, ships will not ply thither, if those coasts and their many hidden dangers are not thoroughly surveyed and charted. The work is incomplete at almost every point. Ships and lives have been lost in threading what were sup posed to be well-known main chan nels. We have not provided adequate vessels or adequate machinery for the survey and charting. We have used old vessels that were not big enough or strong enough and which were so nearly unseaworthy that our inspec tors would not have allowed private owners to send them to sea. This is a matter which, as I have said, seems small, but is in reality very great. Its importance has only to be looked into to be appreciated. Economy Is Urged. Before I close, may I say a few words upon two topics, much dis cussed out of doors, upon which it is highly important that our judgments should be clear, definite and steadfast. One of these is economy in govern ment expenditures. The duty of econ omy is not debatable. It is manifest and imperative. In the appropriations we pass we are spending the money of the great people whose servants we are—not our own. We are trus tees and responsible stewards in the spending The only thing debatable and upon whicli we should be careful to make our thought and purpose clear Is the kind of economy demand ed of us. I assert with the greatest confidence that the people of the United States are not jealous of the amount their government costs if they are sure that they get what they need and desire for the outlay, that the money is being spent for objects of which they approve, and that it is being applied with good business sense and management. Governments grow, piecemeal, both in their tasks and in the means by which those tasks are to be per formed, and very few governments are organized, I venture to say, as wise and experienced business men would organize them if they had a clean sheet of paper to write upon. Certain ly the government of the United States is not. I think that it is gen erally agreed that there should be a systematic reorganization and reas sembling of its parts so as to secure greater efficiency and effect consider able savings in expense. But the amount of money saved in that way would, I believe, though no doubt considerable in itself, running, it may be. into the millions, be relatively small—small, I mean, in proportion to the total necessary outlays of the government. It would be thoroughly worth effecting, as every saving would, great or small. Our duty is not altered by the scale of the savings. But my point is that the people of the United States do not wish to curtail the activities of tliis government; they wish, rather, to enlarge them; and with every en largement. with the mere growth, in deed, of the country itself, there must which there is no escape, because the chemicals in our bodies are so consti tuted that they must inevitably un dergo it. Old age is fatally written in our tissues from the moment they come into being. The drying up which marks it begins when we stop grow ing and becomes more and more rapid the nearer we approach death. Until Professor Marinesco attacked the problem, the study of the prob lems of old age has neglected its chemical side almost completely and lias totally ignored the important come, of course, the inevitable in crease of expense. The sort of economy we ought to practice may be effected, and ought to be effected, by a careful study and assessment of the tasks to be per formed; and the money spent ought to be made to yield the best possible returns in efficiency and achievement. And, like good stewards, we should so account for every dollar of our ap propriations as to make it perfectly evident what it was spent for and in what way it was spent. It is not expenditure but extrava gance that we should fear being criti cized for; not paying for the legiti mate enterprises and undertakings of a great government v> hose people command what it should do, but add ing what will benefit only a few or pouring money out for what need not have been undertaken at all or might have been postponed or better and more economically conceived and car ried out. The nation is not niggardly; it is very generous, it will chide us only if we forget for whom we pay money out and whose money it is we Pay. These are large and general stand ards. but they are not very difficult of application to particular cases. The National Defense. The other topic I shall take leave to mention goes deeper into the princi ples of our national life and policy. It is the subject of national defense. It cannot be discussed without first answering some very searching ques tions. It Is said in some quarters that we are not prepared for war. What is meant by being prepared? Is it meant that we are not ready upon brief no tice to put a nation in the field, a na tion of men trained to arms? Of course we are not ready to do that; and we shall never be in time of peace so long as we retain our pres ent political principles, and institu tions. And what is it that it is sug gested we should be prepared to do? To defend ourselves against attack? We have always found means to do that, and shall find them whenever it is necessary without calling our peo ple away from their necessary tasks to render compulsory military service in times of peace. Allow me to speak with great plain ness and directness upon this great matter and to avow my convictions with deep earnestness. I have tried to know what America is, what her people think, what they are, what they most cherish, and hold dear, I hope that some of their finer passions are in m/ rwr. heart some of the great cor.cexionr desires which gave b>r!i. to tills government and which hove trade the voice of this people a voice cf peace und hope and liberty among the peoples of the world, and that, speaking my own thoughts, 1 shaB, st least in part, speak t.'loirs also, however, faintly and inadequately, upon fill* vital matter. Fear No Nation. We are at peace with all the world. No one who speaks counsel based on fact or drawn from a just and candid interpretation of realities can say that there is reason for fear that from any quarter our indepen dence or the integrity of our territory is threatened. Dread of the power of any other nation we are incapable of. We are not jealous of rivalry in the fields of commerce or of any other peaceful achievement. We mean to live our lives as we will; but we mean also to let live. We are, indeed, a true friend to all the nations of the world, because we threaten none, covet the possessions of none, desire the overthrow of none. Our friend ship can be accepted and is accepted without reservation, because it is of fered in a spirit and for a purpose which no one need ever question or suspect. Therein lies our greatness. We are the champions of peace and of concord. And we should be very jealous of this distinction which we have sougtit to earn. Just now we should be particularly jealous of it, because it is our dearest present hope that this character and reputation may presently, in God's providence, bring us an opportunity to counsel and obtain peace in the world and reconciliation and a healing settle ment of many a matter that lias cooled and interrupted the friendship of nations. This is the time above all others when we should wish and re solve to keep our strength by self pos session, our influence by preserving our ancient principles of action. Ready for Defense. From the first we have had a clear and settled policy with regard to military establishments. We never have had, and while we retain our present principles and ideals we never shall have, a large standing army. If asked, are you ready to defend yourselves? We reply, most assured ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall not turn America into a military camp. We will not ask our young men to spend the best years of their lives making soldiers of themselves. There is another sort of energy in us. It will know how to declare itself and make Itself effective should occasion arise. And especially when half the world is on fire we shall be careful to make our moral insurance against the spread of the conflagration very definite and certain and adequate in deed. Let us remind ourselves, therefore, of the only thing we can do or will do. We must depend in every time of national peril, in the future as in the past, not upon a standing army, nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon a citizenry trained and accustomed to arms. It will be right enough, right American policy, based upon our ac customed principles and practices, to provide a system by which every citizen who will volunteer for changes which take place in the col loidal cells. Thanks to his investiga tions, we now know that these col loids, whether organic or inorganic, have a vital curve and must conse quently follow in their evolution a fixed course more or less similar to that of the living elements. Woman Explorer in Arabia. A daring exploit carried out early this year waw Miss Miss Gertrude Lowthian Bell's journey from Damas cus to Hail, the Shammar capital, in the training may be made familiar with the use of modern arms, the rudi ments of drill and maneuver, and the maintenance and sanitation of camps. We should encourage such training and make it u means of discipline which our young men will learn to value. It is right that we should pro vide it not only, but that we should make it as attractive as possible, and so induce our young men to undergo it at suet: times as they can command a little freedom and can seek the physical development they need, for mere health's sake, if for nothing more. Every means by which such things can be stimulated is legitimate, and such a method smacks of true American ideas. It is a right, too, that the National Guard of the states should be developed and strengthened bv every means which is not incon sistent with our obligations to our own people or with the established policy of our government. And this, also, not because the time or occasion specially calls for such measures, hut because it should be our constant pol icy to make these provisions for our national peace and safety. More titan this carries with it a re versal of the whole history and char acter of our polity. More than this, proposed at this time, permit me to say, would mean merely that we had lost our self-possession, that we had been thrown off our balance by a war with which we have nothing to do, whose causes cannot touch us, whose very existence affords us opportun ities of friendship and disinterested service which should make us ashamed of any thought of hostility or fearful preparation for trouble. Tliis is assuredly the opportunity for which a people and a government like ours were raised up. the opportunity not only to speak but actually to em body and exemplify die counsels of peace and amity and tiie lasting con cord which is based on justice and fair and generous dealing. Ships Our Natural Bulwarks. A powerful navy we have always regarded as our proper and natural means of defense; and it has always been of defense that we have thought, never of aggression or of conquest. But who shall tell us now what sort of navy to build? We shall take leave to be strong upon the seas. In the future as in the past; and there will be no thought of offense or of provo cation in that. Our ships are our natural bulwarks. When will the ex perts tell us just what kind we should construct—and when will they be right for ten years together, if the relative efficiency of craft of differ ent kinds and uses continues to change as we have seen it change under over very eyes In these last few months? But 1 turn away from tiie subject. It is not new. There is no new need to discuss it. We shall not alter our attitude toward it because some j amongst us are nervous and excited. We shall easily and sensibly agree upon a policy of defense. The ques tion has not changed its aspects be cause the times are not normal. Our j policy will not be tor an occasion. It will be conceived as a permanent j and settled thing, which we will pur- [ sue at all seasons, without haste and \ after a fashion perfectly consistent I with the peace of the world, the abid ing friendship of states, and the un hampered freedom of all with whom we deal. Let there be no misconcep- [ tion. The country has been misin- i formed. We have not been negligent of national defense. We are not un mindful of the great responsibility ! resting upon us. We shall learn and ! profit by the lesson of every exper ience and every new circumstance; and what is needed will be adequately j done. Grsat Duties of Peace. I close, as I began, by reminding you of the great tasks and duties of peace which challenge our best powers and invite us to build what will last, the tasks to which we can address ourselves now and at all times the free-hearted zest and with all the fin est gifts of constructive wisdom we possess. To develop our life and our resources; to supply our own people, and the people of the world as their need arises, from the abundant plenty of our fields and our marts of trade; to enrich the commerce of our own states and of the world with the prod ucts of our mines, our farms, and our factories, with the creations of our thought and the fruits of our charac ter—this is what will hold our atten tion and our enthusiasm steadily, now and in the years to come, as we strive to show in our life as a nation what liberty and the inspirations of an emancipated spirit may do for men and for societies, for individuals, for states, and for mankind. Skunks Yield $3,000,000 a Year. The skunk brings annually to the trappers of the United States about three million dollars. It stands sec ond In importance only to the musk rat among our fur-bearing animals. The value of a skunk in the raw for market averaged from about twen ty-five cents to $3.50 in December, 1913, and usually runs higher. In 1911 2,000,000 skins were export ed to London alone. Although this fur is not very popular in America, Europeans favor it, because it wears well and has a luster which makes it ' rival the Russian sable in appearance. The Mexican States. Mexico consists of 32 states and ter ritories and is politically a federated republic, its constitution being pat terned after that of the United States of America. Tiie population of the country in 1900 was 13,697,000. On j account of the strenuous life of Mexico ! for several years past it is likely that its present population is not much in i excess of that of 14 years ago. the heart of Arabia, a place which j had not been previously visited by ; any European since Baron Nolde was there in 1893. From Hail, Miss Bell traveled north to Bagdad, and thence across the Syrian desert back to Da mascus, after a journey of four and one-hr.lf months. The principal In vestigations carried on during the journey were archeological. Miss Bell will describe her experiences be fore the Royal Geographical society, in London, December 7.—Scientific American. iNTOMTiONAL sniMSawoL Lesson (By E. O. SELLERS, Acting Director oi Sunday School Course.) LESSON FOR DECEMBER 13 j [ \ I j THE GREAT COMMISSION. LESSON TEXT—Mutt. 3S:lti-20; Luke 34 36-4!). GOLDEN TEXT—Lo, 1 am with you al ways. even unt« tile eml of the world.— Mutt. This lesson consists of two para graphs which constitute what might he termed two commissions or two parts of the Great Commission. There are four distinct accounts of the final com mands of our Lord to his disciples, each presenting a different phase of the work he committed to his follow ers. lu this lesson we have for our consideration two of these aspects which ought not to be confused. I. The Appearance in Jerusalem, Thomas Relng Absent. Lake 24:36-49. (1) The Resurrected Lord, vv. 36-43. The Emmaus disciples reported to the disciples, and those gathered with them in Jerusalem, the things they had experienced, especially in the. breaking of bread. This occurred late in the evening tsee Luke 24:29, 33). While they, and the others, were re hearsing the many things that had ta ken place on that tirst eventful day, Jesus himself suddenly appears In their midst without the opening of a door and asks them of their thoughts. Once before he had thus searched them (Luke 9:46, 47), but now the oc casion is quite different. Fear of the Jews had crowded them into this room but no closed door except that of the human heart can keep out the risen Lord. Simon's report (ch. 24:34) anu that of the Emmaus disciples were not sufficient to allay their fear. Fear at this visible evidence of the supernat ural is true of us all, but when Jesus truly is present there is peace uo matter what may be the turmoil with out, or the fear within. Man of Flesh and Bone. This appearance was a demonstra tion that it was he himself, and to add proof upon proof he first showed them his pierced hands and feet, and then called for fish and ate it before, and doubtless with, them. Jesus is today a man of flesh and bone as much as when he walked Galilee's hills. His blood he poured out upon Calvary. The evidence of the literal, physical resurrection of Christ is so overwhelm ing that the unbeliever does violence to his reason not to accept it. (2) The Ascended Lord, vv. 44-49. This coming of Jesus and his message of peace and assurance brought also a commission that this great fact he told to others. The event recorded in these verses did not occur in Jeru salem but upon Mount. Olivet and con stitutes the final appearance of Jesus. As he had done often before, so now he sets his seal upon the Old Testa ment, expressly speaking of its books under their accepted three-fold divi sion (v. 44). In these there are be tween three and four hundred direct, not to speak of the indirect, prophe cies concerning him. What we need is to have the Holy Spirit that we may "understand" (v. 4.7), the purpose of his life and death. Jesus taught ills disciples what that purpose is (v. 47), viz., the "remission of sins," based on the sure ground of his finished work. This, and this alone, is the gospel and it is to be preached in his name unto all nations—a missionary suggestion— but beginning at home, in Jerusalem. Verse 49 tells us of that other needed preparation to make us effective wit nesses, the enduement of the Holy Spirit. Some Disciples Doubted. II. The Appearance to the Eleven In Galilee, Matt. 28:16-20. This event took place much later than that men tioned in the first part of the previous section. As we carefully read this section it suggests that Jesus was somewhat removed from the dis ciples, yet their vision was so clear that they worshiped him, though some doubted. Drawing near to the dis ciples he first of all emphasizes his supreme authority, "all power Is given unto me," and on that authority he commissioned them to their work of discipling "all nations." Mark's ren dering of this commission (16:15, 16) Is more inclusive, "to the whole crea tion," including all of man's welfare, social as well as spiritual. For Jesus thus to claim authority and to send forth his ambassadors and still not be "the very God of the very God" Is to stamp him either as an impostor or a lunatic. Because all power is his, therefore the obligation and the ac companying Holy Spirit who will en able us to teach the things he has com manded. There is back of the com mission "all power" and accompany ing it a blessed fellowship, "Lo, I am with you all the days." The sad thing Is that after nearly two thousand years we have carried out so poorly the great commission. And lastly the disciple is not to go in his own strength or wisdom. His parables describe fully the age upon which the disciples were entering. As they went forward and as we "follow in their train," to devote ourselves to the enterprises of his kingdom, he de dared that he would be with them and with us until tiie time of the cor.sum mat ion of the age. "When we go his way, he goes our wav; but if w go our own we go tt Memorial to Murphy. University of Pennsylvania plan to erect a memorial building in honor of the late Michael C. Murphy, the fa mous trainer of the Red and Blue ath letic teams, who developed some of the greatest of American athletes. greatest American athletes. When Rowing Ability Pays. Guy Nickalls, the Yale university rowing coach, is said to be the high est paid director of any American college sport. The English rowing expert is reported getting a salary of $ 6 , 000 . CHOICEST TOBACCOS Just natural choice leaf skill fully blended — that is what makes so many friends for FATIMA Cigarettes. If you cannot lecurt Fatima Cigarettes from your dealer, we will he pleased to send you three packages postpaid on receipt of 50c. Address Fatima Dept.,2 1 2 Fifth Aoe .New York.N. Y. **Distinctively Individual " gfttOo&tcco Oar. SOMETHING USEFUL FOR XMAS ^?IdeaJ Fountain Sold at the best stores most everywhere. If yonr dealer cannot ^ supply, wo will KlailJy assist you. Illustrated folder on request. L. K. WATERMAN COMPANY 173 llroauwuy New York Useful Artificial Arms Write for free catalog "B 10." Carnes Artificial Limb Company 904 EAST 12th STREET. KANSAS CITY. MO WANTED An industrious man who can aarn $100.00 a month and expenses selling our Products to farmers. Must have some means for starting expenses and furnish bond signed by J responsible men. Address W. T. RAWLEIGH CO., FREEPORT, ILL., giving age, occupation and references. MIXTURE OF MANY TONGUES Troops of Allied Armies Find Some Difficulty in Arriving at Perfect Understanding. The British Tommy Atkins is hard put to it these days to know which are friends and which are foes. Time was when he classed them all as "dirty foreigners," but times have changed and a certain allied courtesy is de manded. It is told of one brave cor poral who met a new kind of foreigner on French soil and demanded his nationality. "Hungarian," came the answer. " 'Ungarian, are yer? Well, I'm blowed if I know whether ter 'ug yer to me bosom or knock yer bally block off," remarked the perplexed defender of the Union Jack. Many are the stories of the embar rassing confusion of tongues among the allies—French, Flemish, Russian, Servian, Indian (three brands), and several species of English. For it is rare that a Londoner can under stand the Scotch dialect in its un alloyed purity, or the Cornisli brogue. Canadian slang, too, and the queer mixture of Maori that intrudes itself into Australian English, or of Boer Dutch that sickles o'er the Africander's dialect make of so-called English a dozen different languages. Exquisite Pleasure. Mr. Grimbattley—One would think that Talkington had had enough of his wife's tongue, but he had her make a lot of phonograph records and he runs them over every day while she's away. Mr. Nix—But think of the pleasure he gets in talking back when they run down. Take It or Leave It. Traveler (in Southern hotel)—Can I get anything to eat here? Sambo—Yes, sah. Traveler—Such as what? Sambo—Such as it is, sah. There are men who can't even tell the truth without exaggerating. si - -J— ---------am* To Build Strong Children Supply their growing bodies with fight food, so that Brain, and Muscle, and Bone devel opment may evenly balance. Grape-Nuts FOOD ) was originated to supply, in proper proportion, the very elements required by the human body for growth and repair. To supply children a dish of Grape-Nuts and cream for breakfast regularly, is to start them on the road to sturdy health. "There's a Reason" for Grape-Nuts Sold by grocers.