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THE NEIHART HERALD.
Publiait ed Every Saturday by ABBOTT * FBIITOR, FnbUah.r*. ■nt«r*d at th. po»to«ee at Nelhart. Mon tana. aa aacood-olana matter. On« To»r Blx Month« Three Month« of Subscript loo. cash . nui, tel» 13.00 ..... 1.60 1.75 .... 1.00 1.8g Notice* tor T h« R irald mu «t not be In later than 1 p. m., Friday. THE BRAVE BASQUE. A Proud and U nc onquereri People W *io Live In the Moun'.aiuH of Spain. In the most northern part of Spain, where the Pyrenees dip into the Bay of Biscay, Is the country of the Basques, the unconquered Spaniards. These are the people of whom Caesar, in his account of his conquest of Spain, writes, "a few pretty people higher up in the mountains, did not make submission or send hostages." The Roman poets called these people Iberians, and pictured them as almost supernatural, whom neither hunger, heat, cold, nor armies could conquer, and whose greatest Joy was facing peril. The Basques of today bear the stamp of this ancient people; in char acter, disposition, language and cus toms, they are entirely different from the Spaniards south of them, and in deed they can be classed with no other race of the earth. Their earliest an cestors were probably the cave dwell ers of the Alps and Pyrenees, whose bones are found in the caverns of th mountains, together with the remains of those gigantic animals which were the ancestors of our present quadru peds. Only in this tiny country, among the mountains have these sturdy, stalwart people succeeded in retaining anything of their own in dividuality. If this is their true ori gin, their earliest ancestors must have lived twenty centuries before Christ, and have been surrounded by a coun try different in physical features, and covered with plants and animals which have long since ceased to exist. Since those days long ago, their whole force has been used in fighting their way in the world, in trying to preserve their racial distinction. All previous to the Roman conquest of Spain is, as far as Basque history is concerned, a blank. Even the Romans found it im possible to conquer these sons of the mountains, who, when hard pressed by armies, or besieged in their forti fied towns, dashed themselves from the highest rocks, and died by their own hands rather than surrender. At length Caesar, with great wisdom, made them his allies, since they would not become his slaves. As followers of his army they left their mountain homes and often the tide of battle, and, indeed, the trend of history has been turned by their boldness and courage. A few centuries later, it was the Basques who fell upon the army of Charlemagpe and brought death and disaster to the cause of the Franks. But no sooner had they established their claim to liberty with their north ern neighbors than they were met by the Saracens, who had crossed into Spain from Africa. In overcoming these uusurpers, the Basques took so active a part that they were all en nobled, and now there is but one class among the Basques; to be a Basque is to belong to the nobility. When the late queen, Isabella, came to the throne, the Basques sent to her the fol lowing message: "Senora, in a little corner of your kingdom is a people few, living in a poor and rugged re gion; we will be loyal to you, if >ou will, as we beg you to do, respect our fueros (parliaments) and the freedom which has never been impaired." The Basque language is unlike any European tongue and is, in fact, al most unique, for it can scarcely be classed with any other language nor is any other allied to it. It is highly in flected, each word and even each letter of the alphabet being capable to change to express many different ideas. Students of the Basque language tell ' us that although it is hardest of tongues to learn, it is the richest of languages. Until the fifteenth century there was no written Basque so, of course, the literature is quite unim portant. This is a matter of much regret for had this people written tra ditions of the far away centuries they might throw much light upon those •arly days. There are three Basque provinces, Biscay (Vizcaya), Guipriz coa, and Alva. Each province has its parliament, chosen by its own people, and there is also a parliament of the three, which decides the general policy of the people and deals with the Span ish government. In the mountains there are rich mines of iron, lead and zinc and the valleys are sufficiently fertile to yield grain of various kinds. Along the sea coast the fisheries are extensive. John Was Ready. In these days of proposed interna tional alliances it Is interesting to read of the little difficulty in which a Chi cago newsboy found himself Involved, and how he extricated himself there from. He had wandered over into one of the "foreign quarters," on the west side, where one can hear almost every language except our vernacular, and he was set upon by two or three boys. He defended himself bravely and was holding his own fairly well, until the two or three were joined by as many more, and then the battle began to go against him. "Say!" he yelled to a group of boys watching the fight from the sidewalk, "is there an English boy In the crowd?" "Yes," shouted a stockily built urchin of about his own size. "Come yere, then!" panted the young American, laying about him •with all his might, "an"' we'll clean out the hull gang!" And they did. Probabilities to Fit. Wife (at breakfast)—I want to do some shopping today, dear, if the weather Is favorable. What are the forecasts? Husband (consulting his paper)—Rain, hail, thunder and Mght ning. A dental authority declares that it is not uncommon at the present time to find infants with decayed teeth and girla of 14 or 16 weari* » artificial teeth. IN TIIE ODD COIiNEE. QUEER AND CURIOUS AND EVENTS. Astounding Feats of Indian Fakirs— Strange Sights In the Capital of Slan —A Wonderful Crane— Crocodile'« Enemies. To the Wood Rohln. Bard of the twilight hour! My soul goes forth to mingle with thy hymn, Which floats like slumber round each closing flower, And weaves sweet visions through the forest dim. Where Day's sweet warblers rest, Each gently rocking on the waving spray. Or hovering the dear fledglings in the nest Without one care-pang for the coming day. Oh, holy bird, and sweet Angel of this dark forest, whose rich notes Gush like a fountain in the still retreat, O'er which a world of mirrored beauty floats. My spirit drinks the stream, Till human cares and liassions fade away; And all my soul is wrapped in one sweet dream Of blended love, and peace, and melody. .veet bird; that wakest alone The moonlight echoes of the flowery deli When ever And inse bells; winged lute is flown, ping all in nodding I bow my aching head. And wait the unction of thy voice of love: I feci it o'er my weary spirit shed, Like dew from balmy flowers that bloom above. Oh! when the loves of earth Are silent birds, at close of life's long day, May some pure seraphim of heavenly birth Bear on its holy hymn my soul away! >»f Indii iklr India, writes a recent traveler, is pre-eminently the land of mystery, and our most advanced magicians have never been able to reproduce all their marvelous performances. One day in the market place of an Indian village I saw a curious performance. It was conducted by two men—one old and emaciated, carrying a native drum; the other young and well fed, fantastically gowned with an overskirt of colored handkerchiefs and a multitude of bells, which jangled noiaily at the slight est movement; long, ragged hair—alto gether a hideous figure. The drummer began a weird tom-toming, and the other man an incantation. Then he extended a "supra"—a bamboo tray used by all natives—on which any one who pleases places a large handful of I rice and the same quantity of grain. The two ingredients are thoroughly amalgamated, so that it would in the ordinary way take hours to separate them. Now the fantastic man with his tray begins. He turns around slowly, gradually quickening his pace (the drummer also keeping time), faster and faster, in a giddy vortex, the tray at times almost out of his hands, yet so cleverly handled that not a grain falls out. It is very trying to watch, hut in a couple of minutes both stop simultaneously, and the man shows to the wondering spectators two little heaps, one of rice and the other grain, at different ends of the tray, which in his sickening gyrations he has been able to separate by some ex traordinary manipulation. Eater, it was my good fortune to be able to wit ness one of those remarkable cases of voluntarily suspended animation of which I had so frequently heard, with a somewhat dubious smile, I am afraid. But I am convinced now. It was called a "Joghee" performance and took place before the Maharajah of Dhurbanga, whose guest I had the honor to be. The "Joghee" was put by his disciples into a trance. He became perfectly uncon scious and dead to all appearances. An English doctor present felt his pulse an oum î ai cease , and a looking CiOQs r»r»f fVi« r.11^1, i , ,i - • glass showed not the slightest mois ture of r v ny breath in the body. The "Joghee" was put into a coffin, the lid screwed on, and seals were impressed on It with the Maharajah's signet ring. The box was buried five feet deep, earth thrown In and well stamped. Grain was then sown and trusted sen tries guarded the place. The grain had sprouted and borne corn when we were invited again, after sixty days, to witness the resurrection of the body. The grave was opened and the coffin found to be intact. The seals were broken, the lid unscrewed, and the "Joghee" was taken out stiff and stark. His disciples now began to manipulate the body and go through certain rites, very similar to mesmer ism, and by degrees the dead man opened his eyes, a quiver ran through his body and he sat up erect. . In the Siamese Capital. Bangkok, the capital of Siam, is va riously called by those people who revel in comparisons the "Venice of the east," and the "Constantinople of Asia;" in the first instance because of the many canals that run through the city, and in the second because of the hundreds of wretched and ownerless pariah dogs that roam its streets with impunity. There is much truth in both comparisons, writes a recent traveler. Certainly Bangkok is the home of the gaunt and ugly pariah dog, which spends its life foraging and getting Just enough to keep life in its mangy carcass, multiplying meantime with great rapidity because the Buddhist's doctrine forbids its killing. Outcast dogs are not the only pests whose multiplication in Bangkok may be charged to Buddhism; more noisy crows perch of an early morning on morning on your window casing and the tree im mediately beyond it than in the space of a day hover near the Towers of Si lence at Bombay awaiting the pleas ure of the vultures that feed on the last earthly remains of those who have died in the faith of the parses. In by far the larger half of Bang kok the easiest means of travel is by boat, and half the city Is reached in no other way. The Siamese woman of the lower class daily paddles her own canoe to the market and bazaar, or, if she be of the better class, employs a rua chang—if indeed one is not includ !d, with ricksha for road tny-el, among :he possessions of him to whom with as matrf others as his nature p ampfc» and his purse affords, she looks tOf support and protection. For full five miles on both sides of the Menam river Bangkok stretches its floating shops, and for at least half that distance sn extra row rests behind on the steadier site of the bank. Here are the great est number of the shops, and along the banks reside probably one-third of th« city's 400,000 inhabitants. Over half of the remainder live along the several klongs, which wind in and around the city with certainty all the deviousness and apparently the equal aimlessness of a cow path. They are not nearly so broad as the country klongs, though wider than the chief business streets of the native town, Sempang; this is not saying much of their breadth, how ever, since Sempang is not more than ten feet wide, and in places not so much as that. brown . xhe Ibis or NiIe blrd ls also sa j(j t0 f ee( j on tbe eg g S 0 f crocodiles, A Wonderful Crane. We hear many stories of animals and birds that have been carefully edu cated, but a story told in the Cornhlll Magazine is somewhat novel, Inasmuch as the crane of whose doings it tells educated itself, and became a very ac complished bird without any outside assistance. It lived with its mate in a German village, and grew much at tached to the farmer to whom it be longed. The two cranes found the simple country life exactly to their taste, and soon knew every inhabitant of the place. They used to call regu larly at the houses to be fed, and all went well until the female bird died. Then the other chose a new companion and his choice was a strange one. He took as his friend a bull, to whom he showed the utmost devotion. He would stand by the animal in the stall and keep the flies off him, scream when he bellowed, dance before him, and fol low him out with the herd. The com munal system of joint herding of cattle and swine, and driving them together to the pasture, prevailed in the village, and in following his new friend the crane learned the duties of cowherd, so that one evening he brought home the whole village herd of heifers un aided, and drove them into the stable. From that day the crane's life became a busy one. He undertook duties enough to last him from morning till night. He acted as policeman among the poul try, stopping all fights and disorder. Once, when a turkey and a game cock were found fighting, the crane first fought the turkey, and then sought out and punished the cock. Once,when two heifers lagged behind, he drove them through the street so vigorously that they became frightened and broke away, running two miles in the wrong direction. The bird was not dis couraged. He could not bring them back, but he did the next best thing. He turned them into a field, and then stood guard over them till they were fetched. He would drive out trespass ing cattle as courageously as a dog,and unlike most busyboclies was a univer sal favorite and the pride of the vil lage. Enemies of tlie Crocodile. The Ichneumon, or "Pharaoh's Rat," as it is popularly called, prevents the too rapid increase.of crocodiles by feed ing largely upon their eggs. These eggs are, considering the size of the adult reptiles, exceedingly small, and the Ichnelmon is able to take several of them at a meal. The ancients be lieved that this little animal entered the crocodiles' mouth and killed them by gnawing upon their intestines. On account of its usefulness in destroying crocodiles' eggs and vermin of all kinds it was tamed by the ancient Egyptians and venerated by them as a Deity. It is shy in its habits and lives in holes near the banks of rivers, pre ferring the daytime for making its raids. The total length of the animal is about three feet three inches, of which the tail measures eighteen inches; its color is brown, plentifully grizzled with gray, each hair being ringed alternately with gray and while its feathers are fabled to scare or even kill the reptile itself. The Gallinago, too, a species of vulture, in habiting South America, keeps down the number of crocodiles by eating their eggs. From the branches of the trees that shade the river these birds watch the female laying her tggs. When she has retired they flock to gether upon the hidden treasure, tear up the eggs, and devour them in far quicker time than they were deposited. A Spider's Bridge. Some sarcastic writer has said that philosophers, like spiders, spin their web out of their own insides; but not every philosopher would be able to get out of a "tight place" as quickly and safely as did the particular spider of whose exploits a writer relates this story: "One day I caught a spider and brought him into the house to pray with. I took a basin and fastened a stick to it, like a vessel's mast or a I liberty pole, and then poured in water j enough to turn the mast into an island, i On this I placed my spider—Crusoe,as I I called him. As soon as he was fairly j cast away, he began anxiously running around to find a road to the mainland. I He scampered down the mast to the water - 8tuck a fo<>t ' S ot " wet > ran around the stick, and tried the other side ' and finall >' ran back up to the top a S*in. Here he stopped, as if to con si( l er the matter. I put a little sweet stuff 0,1 the stick. A fly came, but the spider cared not for flies just then. He went slowly down the pole to the water, and touched it all around, shak ing his feet like a cat, when she wets her paws in the grass. Suddenly, as if inspired with a plan for escape, he mounted to the top like a rocket. He held one foot in the air, then another, and turned round two or three times. He seemed excited, and several times nearly stood on his head. He had somehow discovered that there was wind enough to carry a line ashore. He pushed out a web that went float ing In tfce air until It caught on the table. Then he hauled on the rop*» un til St wat tight, struck it twice or thrice to ijoe if it was strong enough to hold hiui, and then he walked ashore. He hart earuod his liberty, and I carried hlra back to his web." Paris contains 10,000 individual» who live by Pegging. SCIENTIFIC TOPICS. CURRENT NOTES OF DISCOVERY AND INVENTION. Some Scientific Facts About the Hair— j Model Showing How Curly Hair Is i Produced—How the Beetle Sees—Hun dreds of linages Upon the Eyes. 6,500 Degrees Fahrenheit. Prof. Tucker of Columbia university has succeeded in producing the great est heat yet known to man. A spe jcially-constructed electrical furnace and current of unusual power were jused to create this temperature, which I was so high that under it steel, hard quartz and even platinum were vapor ized. As for ordinary crucibles, they [disappeared at once in a little puff of j smoke. The heat obtained was 6,500 degrees Fahrenheit, 200 degrees hotter than any temperature before pro duced. Says a correspondent: It Is difficult to appreciate the degree of such heat without some comparisons. Scalding water means a temperature of 212 degrees Fahrenheit, and red hot iron 800 degrees. Steel melts at 3,000 degrees, and boijs like water at 3,500 degrees. As for the heat of me sun, it is estimated at 10,000 degrees, so that Prof. Tucker obtained a tem perature which came within only 3,700 degrees of old Sol himself. Of course, a special apparatus was needed to measure the temperature obtained by Prof. Tucker—ordinary theremometers being quite out of the question. The arrangement for this purpose is called a calorimeter, and it is a rather intri cate piece of apparatus. While it de pends upon mercury for the recording (of the degree of heat or cold obtained, j the reading is not made in the direct j way that obtains with the ordinary i thermometer. The same calculation j is necessary to determine the exact j value in degrees of heat or cold of the i figures. Because of this fact it is usual , ly found that the actual heat obtained lis slightly above that recorded. The . heat obtained by Prof. Tucker was j 6,000 degrees, It ls not improbable that lit was nearly 6,800. Scientifically the i experiment was of importance because I it has demonstrated that the degree of jheat obtained some time ago by Prof. ! Moisson of Paris, was not the greatest j possible. Commercially it is useful, because it has shown that diamonds of marketable size and purity may be Imade artificially. Further, it has giv jen to commerce two products of al jmost incalculable value—calcium car jbide and silicium carbide. How the Iteetle Sees. Seeing double is a talent given oc casionally to a man under certain con ditions, but ordinarily a man's sight is focused so that the view within the scope of his eyes is seen in single com position. With the beetle, however, these conditions are vastly different. When he gazes at an object hundreds (of reproductions of It are carried jthrough his eyes, which are called jcompound. The beetle's eye is formed jof several hundred lenses, set side by side like the cells in honeycomb, each ■ cell being capable of vision. To Illus trate how the world must appear to i the view of the beetle the picture here with shown is submitted. It is a re iproduction of a curious photograph made to give a tangible demonstration of the action of a beetle's eye. To make it Dr. Allen used a camera de signed for photographing microscopic objects. In place of the usual photo jgraphic lens he employed the cornea i of the eye of a beetle to transmit the limage to the photographic dry plate, iaided by a powerful magnifying glass. !His subject was the silhouette of a jhead, pasted on a piece of ground jglass, behind which a lantern throw ling a strong light was placed. Hav jing focused properly, the dry plate (was exposed and developed in the usual manner. The negative is a cir cular multigraph, containing as many images as there were faces In the bee tle's eye. A New Fireproof Material. A new fire-proof material has recent ly been invented by a Swiss engineer ; which is called "papyristite" on ac count of paper pulp being one of its leading constituents. It will make a solid, impenetrable, and jointless roof or floor, and is claimed to be abso lutely fire-proof. It is also a non i conductor of heat, and v.-hile hard as ! stone, has a soft feeling to the foot iand is quite noiseless. Two hundred land twenty pounds of the material will cover an area of 91% square feet, with a layer four inches in thickness. It is mixed wherever it is to be ap plied and hardens and dries twenty four hours after spreading. The sub stance is transported in bags or Lar rels like cement, and is always ready for use. German Rifle. Nothing shows more clearly the deadly nature of modern warfare than a few facts about the light gun of small caliber in use in the German army. A bullet from one of these weapons passes through a stone wall at a dis tance of 400 paces. At 300 paces it penetrates a thick oak tree. If six men are standing one behind the other, the front man at a distance of 400 paces from the German line, a bullet dis charged from the latter passes through the first five men, inflicting in each case a mortal wound, and makes the sixth man hors de combat. The full range of the ball is said to be 5,000 me ters, or about three miles. Electricity In Egypt. A plan is now said to be under con sideration by the British government for the lighting of the pyramids bl ! electricity and the installation of a* electric power transmission plant ol 25,000 horse-power. The plan Involve! the erection of a power generating plant at the Assouan falls on the rivei Nile, and its transmission over a dis tance of 100 miles, through the cotton growing districts, where, it is thought, the provision of cheap power from this source will permit the building of cot f ou factories. Part of the scheme con templates the lighting from this source of the interior corridors of the pyramids, and also the operation of pumping machinery for irrigating large areas of desert lands along the Nile. It is also stated that an Ameri ca coKfany is likol? to receive; ttia contract for this work. Why Some Hair Is Curly. Prof. Arthur Thomson recently ex hibited a model to illustrate how nat ural curliness of hair is produced. Ac cording to the explanation three fac tors require consideration in the pro duction of curly hair: (1) the hair shaft, (2) the hair muscle, and (3) the sebaceous gland. Straight hair is al ways circular on section, and is usual ly thicker than curly hair, which is ribbon-like and fine. In order that the muscle may act as an erector of the hair it is requisite that the shaft of the hair embedded in the skin should be sufficiently strong to resist any ten dency to bend; unless this be so the lever-like action necessary to produce its erection Is destroyed. When the hair is fine and ribbon-like, the shaft is not sufficiently stout to resist the strain of the muscle and naturally as sumes a curve, the degree of curva ture depending on the development of the muscle, the resistance of the hair, and the size of the sebaceous gland. The curve thus produced becomes per manent and affects the follicle in which the hair is developed, the softer cells at the root of the hair accommodate themselves to this curve, and becoming more horny as they advance towards the surface retain the form of the follicle; the cells on the concave side of the hair being more compressed than those on the convex side. In this way the hair retains the form of th« follicle after it has escaped from it. An Accommodating Waterspout. It is very rare that an opportunity occurs to make a truly scientific ob servation of a waterspout. Mr. D. R. Crichton, a British enginer, had what is said to be a unique experience of this kind off Eden, New South Wales, last year, and his report has been pub lished by the Royal Society of that col ony. Fourteen complete waterspouts formed off the shore where he was at work with a theodolite, and he made careful measurements of them. Tne largest spout consisted of two cones, connected by a pipe-shaped spout. The top of the upper cone, which was in verted, was 5,014 feet above the sea. Each cone was about 100 feet in diam eter at the base, diminishing gradually until it merged into the spout. The length of the cones was about 250 feet each, leaving 4,500 feet for the lengtn of the spout connecting them. Admiral MakarofT's Ice-Breaker. The ice-breaking ship invented by Admiral Makaroff of the Russian navy, lately completed at Newcastle, Eng., ha3 been completely successful. It has j three screw propellers in the stern, and another screw for ice-breaking at j the bow. Apparatus which permits j the shifting of 150 tons of water from J one end of the ship to the other, and j of 100 tons from side to side, enables j the navigator to change the lie of the vessel at his will. It is said to have "cut through the thick Ice of the Fin- I nish gulf as easily as a hot knife goes through butter. On its way to Kron stadt it went through two and a half feet of ice at a speed of nine knots. New Oll-Produclng Plant. At a recent meeting of the Linnean Society in London specimens of a new oil-producing plant from Venezuela were exhibited. The oil resembles that of sandal-wood, and is already known in commerce, but the plant has hither to remained undescribed. It proves to be a new genus of the rue family, to \thtch the common prickly ash be longs, and it has been named Schim melia, after a German botanist who first distilled the aromatic oil from its wood. Pens Before Christ. Pens resembling our quill pens, but made of reed, have been found in Egyp tian tombs supposed to date from a pe riod 2,500 years before Christ. Her Fault. "Looky here!" snarled Jason Haw buck, whose nose was sadly abraded, and who walked with a decided limp. "What did you mean by tellin' me that that 'ere old brindle demon I bought o( you yesterday wasn't a bad cow? Why —gol-slam it!—first thing when I went to milk her last night she hauled off an' kicked me head over heels, jam mln' my skull into the milk-pall an' nearly unj'ntin' my fool neck. Then she got me tangled up in the halter rope so&ehow, an' drug me across the cow lot an' back an' forth so many times that I couldn't keep count of 'em, an' kicked me every once in a whüe, for good measure. There's skurcely a bit of whole skin left on my body big enough to make a common sized watch-pocket. If she ain't a bad cow I'd like to know what in tarna tion would make you consider a cow bad?" "Wa 'al," mildly replied Aaron All red, "if she'd done that wilfully an' maliciously, I s'pose I'd consider her bad, but bein' acquainted with her ever since she was a calf an' havin' known her to cut up that same caper a good many times before, I've decid ed that she's only jest thoughtless. There's a good deal of difference be tween wickedness an' mere thought lessness, you Vnriw " NEWS FROM THE WESTERN REGION. W. B. Askew, postmaster at Russell Gulch, Colorado, and a member of the grocery firm of Wuguer & Askew, com mitted suicide by shooting himself. The trial of the men charged with be ing principals in the notorious opera house riot in Colorado Springs in Sep tember last began in the district court on the 21st and they were acquitted. A tornado visited Akron, Colorado, on the 21st, and wrecked the dwellings, barns and sheds on Dole & Gillette's sheep ranch six miles northeast of Ak ron. Charles H. Abbott, who was working at the ranch, was killed by lightning while milking. Caterpillars are destroying all the foliage on the Pecos Valley forest re serve, especially on the quaking aspen trees. Shovelfuls of the caterpillars are picked up every morning by the rangers and burned, but the plague is increasing, and makes it very disagree able for visitors, who find themselves and their horses literally covered with the caterpillars after a few miles of travel. Mrs. Josiah Dunn of Arvada has left with Secretary Staute of the horticult ural board in the state house, twelve strawberries which filled a quart cup. Many of them were over four inches in circumference. They are of the .Te cunda variety. The secretary will at tempt to preserve them so that they may be displayed at the coming State Fair. The body of the 4-year-old daughter of Lewis Ferjauehieh of Russell gulch, was found in Clear creek, about one mile below where she was last seen. The head and legs were considerably bruised, which in all probability was caused by coming in contact with the rock? in the creek. Coroner Boyer has ordered a post mortem examination which will be followed by an inquest. Foul play is suspected. John Haines, oldest son of M. S. Ilaines, was killed in the Mitchell mine at Lafayette, Colorado, on the 21st, while pulling top coal, a large amount of coal and rock falling and burying liim completely. The miners uncovered Iiis head and found him to be alive and able to talk, but more coal and rock fell and a large force of men was put at work to rescue him, which took about an hour, when be was found to be dead. The story that Marcus Daly intends leaving Montana and taking up his res idence in Colorado, where he is to build a smelter and go into the stock raising business, is, according to Mr. Daly's most intimate friends and associates, without any truth. Mr. Daly is at present in New York, but only a fçy,v days before leaving he stated, as he had frequently done before, that Mon tana would always be bis home and that he expected to spend the remain der of his life here and in the harness. "I am here to stay and to work harder than ever," he said on his return from the East after his election as president of the New Amalgamated Company. Five pounds of giant powder were exploded by Cripple Creek people on the side of Big Bull mountain for the purpose of ascertaining the quantity that can be safely used in the big earthquake on the Fourth of July. The test was entirely satisfactory. The earth and smoke were forced into the air for hundreds of feet. The com mittee in charge of the earthquake scene will now go ahead and make complete arrangements as originally planned. The general committee for the big celebration have adopted plans for a big pavilion to be erected on Second and Victor avenues. The pavil ion will be the largest ever erected in this city. Around the four sides will be upraised seats with a capacity for seating 1,100 people. Assignee Chapman of the failed State Bank of Monte Vista lias just made public the following statement of as sets and liabilities of the bank and its two branches, the Miners' Bank of Creede and the Farmers' Bank of Hooper. Liabilities: Open deposits, $42.903.30; certificates of deposit. $11, 076.64; due First National Banß of Denver, $24,901.14; unpaid taxes, $780.56. Total, $80,651.64. Assets: Overdrafts, good, $6,740.27; real es tate and fixtures, $14,500; Chase Na tional Bank. New York, $106.19; loans and discounts, considered good, $48. 533.26; cash and cash items. $732.70; rents, etc., due, $215.65. Total. $70, 828.07. The assignee is hopeful of making an early dividend. This happy result will depend upon h*s ability to turn the overdrafts, real estate and loans into cash. Governor Richards was advised by the War Department on the 19th that the troops at Fort Washakie, in the Slioslione reservation, and Yellowstone, in the National Park, have been placed at the disposal of the civil authorities to aid in pursuing the Union Pacific robbers. Deputy Marshal Morrison, with four Yelowstone scouts, cap tured three men at Riverside station, near the west line of the park, who an swer the description of Curry and the Roberts brothers. Morrison will reach Mammoth Hot Springs with his prison ers Tuesday, when they will lie ex amined before Commissioner Meldrum. Should these men not prove to be the hold-ups, the chase will be kept up with vigor until the robbers are run down and captured. The robbers were supplied by a rustler friend near 10. K. Mountain, in the Hole-iu-the-Wall country, with fine riding horses and two pack animals, plenty of food and a camp outfit. A telegram has been received at Trinidad to the effect that one of the gang of safe blowers who cracked the safes of the Colorado & Southern and Santa Fe offices In that city on the night of the 13th, had been arrested at Albuquerque, N. M. Cashier Fred ericy of the Colorado & Southern fur nished the clue that led to the arrest. Some time ago, among the money ta ken in by him in the course of busi nes was a $5 bill Issued in 1862. On placing it in the bank it was discov ered that the signature of the United States treasurer, F. E. Spinner, had been left off. Mr. Fredericy replaced the incomplete hill in the safe at the depot, intending to keep it as a sou venir. He was able to give a com plete description of the bill, even to the number. Sewed to the undershirt Df the man arrested at Albuquerque was this particular bill. This proof of guilt is so conclusive that it will not be difficult to convict the man and per haps run down the whole gang. A dispatch from Cheyenne says Mr. E. P. Snow, secretary of the State Board of Sheep Commissioners, re turn' d this morning from the western part of the state, where he has been inspecting several bands of sheep be ing trailed into the state from Oregon. Under the new law passed by the last legislature, all sheep trailed or shipped by rail into the state are to be in spected at the border. Among the ihipments being made into the state at the present time are the following: J. W. Blake, 1,000 head, shipped by rail from Oregon to Montpelier, Idaho, and trailed into Wyoming from that place; J. K. Fitzwater, 4,000; Barker Bros., 3.000; E. Boettclier. 14,000; W. J. Blake, 12,000; L. P. Southworth, 20, 000; Platte Valley Sheep company. 30, 000 head. These sheep will nearly all be driven over what is known as the Lander trail and will be ranged in various parts of the state. About 40, 000 will be ranged in Central Wyo ming, about 15,000 will go to the Lar amie Plains, and the remainder will go to the Big Horn basin. Sheepmen of the state are apprehensive that the advent of many sheep into the state will result in serious overcrowding of the ranges. The summer session of tlie Colorado Editorial Association met at Glenwood on the 23rd, At the afternoon roll-call the following were found to be pres ent: Halsey M. Rhoads, Press, Den ver; AV. P. Kennedy and wife, Re veille, Rifle; E. Price, A. C. Newton, Press, Denver; W. P. Kennedy and wife, News, Grand Junction; F. A. Haimbaugh. Sentinel, Denver; I.. H. Johnson, Herald-Democrat, Leadville; Howard T. Lee and wife, Republican, 1 Wiver; J. L. Berry, Facts, Colorado Springs; C. F. Liggett, Press, Sheridan Lake; Leo Vincent and wife, Represen tative. Boulder; A. Roberts and wife. Press, Montrose; S. D. Brosius and wife, Mail, Pueblo: W. L. Tliorndyke and wife, Reporter, Lovelaud; A. G. Sechrist, Times, Wray; .1. D. Lawless and wife, Sparks, Lamar; C. O. Finch, Journal, Castle Rock; W. E. Pahor, Grand Junction; C. T. Rawalt, Cham pion. Gunnison; J. F. Greenawaldt, Tribune, Florence; Howard Russell, Express, Fort Collins; George O. Blake, Star, Grand Junction. At tlie afternoon session the following program was car ried out: "Special and Boom Editions," T. S. Lawless of the Lamar Sparks, who took the position that such did not pay. "Needed Legislation" was fully treated by C. T. Rawalt of the Gunni son Champion, who explained that much of tlie legislation desired by newspaper men was defeated for the sole want of time, the local legislator paying more attention to local bills than to the passage of general laws. Howard Russell of the Fort Collins Express gave a review on the topic, "Does Foreign Advertising Pay?" His remarks were thoroughly discussed, and the general opinion prevailed that it was best to let the foreign adver tiser alone. At the evening session AV. E. Pabor read a poem and Mrs. E. A. Thayer delivered a paper entitled "The Publisher and the Country Editor." She was followed in a short address by Congressman Shafrotli. In response to a protest sent to the secretary of agriculture by John Clay, Jr., of Cheyenne, in connection with tlie orders issued by the Department of the Interior, prohibiting tlie grazing on government forest reservations, and particularly the order relating to graz ing on the Uintah reservation, which had been us"d by sheep owners of Wyoming, Colorado and Utah, the fn'lowing has been written by the sec retary of the interior. Hon. E.A. Hitch cock: "The Uintah forest reserve em braces both slopes of the Uintah mountains in northern Utah and the northern slope only of the western part of this range. These mountains are covered with valuable forests of spruce that protect the sources of sev eral large streams which eventually discharge into Green river, those llow ing northward from the range being already utilized for irrigation. There is a large agricultural population im mediately adjacent to the reserve who find it their only local timber supply and the chief source of water supply for irrigation purposes. Both of these supplies would be endangered by sheep grazing, which the experience of the department shows is one of tlie most prolific sources of forest fires, such fires being often started by tlie shep herds in autumn to clear the ground in the autumn and improve tlie growth of forage plants the following year, or by their carelessness In not extinguish ing camp fires. Sheep grazing lias also been found injurious to tlie forest cov er. polluting tlie source of water sup ply, and therefore of serious conse quence in regions where the rainfall is limited. The point made that the sheep men should have had timely no tice is without force in view of the fact that this order was issued two years ago, practically, and was given wide publication and circulation in the papers at that time. The department is being flooded with applications to pasture sheep in forest reservations, but as yrt no departure has been nt 4& from the regulations established in 1897, which were given careful consid eration before their issuance." Alfred Packer, the "man eater," has lost his case in the Supreme Court. The pardon board is now the only possible means for him to escape serving out his forty-year penitentiary sentence. Tlie case decided by tlie court on the 19th was an appeal from tlie Gunnison county District Court. This is the fifth time that this case has been be fore the Supreme Court in one form or another. In the District Court of Hinsdale county, at the April term, 1883, five separate indictments were returned against Alfred Packer, charg ing him with the murder oî Israel Swan. Shannon Wilson Bell, Frank Miller. George Noou and James Hum phrey. The Swan indictment was filed April 6th, and the other fsur April 7, 1883. On the 6tli of April, Packer was arrested on the charge of killing Swan. He pleaded not guilty, but on April 13th was convicted of murder in the first degree, and on the same day the court sentenced him to be hanged May 19th. Later the sen tence was set aside and the cause re versed, upon the ground that the sec tions of the criminal code prescribing the punishment for murder were re pealed by the Legislature, without a saving clause, after the crime was committed and before the conviction was had. Tlie case was remanded for a new trial for manslaughter, included in the specific crime of murder charged in the indictment. Thereafter an ap plication in the five cases was made by the defendant for a change of venue from Hinsdale county, and the causes were set for trial to the District Court of Gunnison county. After this the prisoner filed a motion in each case, supported by affidavit, for Iiis dis charge upon the ground that more than two terms of court had elapsed with out his having been placed upon trial. The motions were denied. The cases were consolidated for trial. On August 2, 1886, the trial began, and two days later a verdict of voluntary man slaughter was returned under each in dictment. The court sentenced Packer to forty continuous years in state's prison, divided into five terms of eight years each. On December 4, 1885, ha beas corpus proceedings were com menced. The application for discharge on this ground was refused.