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The Neihart herald. [volume] (Neihart, Mont.) 1890-1901, August 12, 1899, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053323/1899-08-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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Publiait ed Every Saturday by
■nt«r*d at th. po»to«ee at Nelhart. Mon
tana. aa aacood-olana matter.
On« To»r
Blx Month«
Three Month«
of Subscript loo.
cash . nui,
tel» 13.00
..... 1.60 1.75
.... 1.00 1.8g
Notice* tor T h« R irald mu «t not be In
later than 1 p. m., Friday.
A Proud and U nc onquereri People W *io
Live In the Moun'.aiuH of Spain.
In the most northern part of Spain,
where the Pyrenees dip into the Bay
of Biscay, Is the country of the
Basques, the unconquered Spaniards.
These are the people of whom Caesar,
in his account of his conquest of
Spain, writes, "a few pretty people
higher up in the mountains, did not
make submission or send hostages."
The Roman poets called these people
Iberians, and pictured them as almost
supernatural, whom neither hunger,
heat, cold, nor armies could conquer,
and whose greatest Joy was facing
peril. The Basques of today bear the
stamp of this ancient people; in char
acter, disposition, language and cus
toms, they are entirely different from
the Spaniards south of them, and in
deed they can be classed with no other
race of the earth. Their earliest an
cestors were probably the cave dwell
ers of the Alps and Pyrenees, whose
bones are found in the caverns of th
mountains, together with the remains
of those gigantic animals which were
the ancestors of our present quadru
peds. Only in this tiny country,
among the mountains have these
sturdy, stalwart people succeeded in
retaining anything of their own in
dividuality. If this is their true ori
gin, their earliest ancestors must have
lived twenty centuries before Christ,
and have been surrounded by a coun
try different in physical features, and
covered with plants and animals which
have long since ceased to exist. Since
those days long ago, their whole force
has been used in fighting their way in
the world, in trying to preserve their
racial distinction. All previous to the
Roman conquest of Spain is, as far
as Basque history is concerned, a
blank. Even the Romans found it im
possible to conquer these sons of the
mountains, who, when hard pressed
by armies, or besieged in their forti
fied towns, dashed themselves from
the highest rocks, and died by their
own hands rather than surrender. At
length Caesar, with great wisdom,
made them his allies, since they would
not become his slaves. As followers
of his army they left their mountain
homes and often the tide of battle, and,
indeed, the trend of history has been
turned by their boldness and courage.
A few centuries later, it was the
Basques who fell upon the army of
Charlemagpe and brought death and
disaster to the cause of the Franks.
But no sooner had they established
their claim to liberty with their north
ern neighbors than they were met by
the Saracens, who had crossed into
Spain from Africa. In overcoming
these uusurpers, the Basques took so
active a part that they were all en
nobled, and now there is but one class
among the Basques; to be a Basque is
to belong to the nobility. When the
late queen, Isabella, came to the
throne, the Basques sent to her the fol
lowing message: "Senora, in a little
corner of your kingdom is a people
few, living in a poor and rugged re
gion; we will be loyal to you, if >ou
will, as we beg you to do, respect our
fueros (parliaments) and the freedom
which has never been impaired."
The Basque language is unlike any
European tongue and is, in fact, al
most unique, for it can scarcely be
classed with any other language nor is
any other allied to it. It is highly in
flected, each word and even each letter
of the alphabet being capable to
change to express many different ideas.
Students of the Basque language tell
' us that although it is hardest of
tongues to learn, it is the richest of
languages. Until the fifteenth century
there was no written Basque so, of
course, the literature is quite unim
portant. This is a matter of much
regret for had this people written tra
ditions of the far away centuries they
might throw much light upon those
•arly days. There are three Basque
provinces, Biscay (Vizcaya), Guipriz
coa, and Alva. Each province has its
parliament, chosen by its own people,
and there is also a parliament of the
three, which decides the general policy
of the people and deals with the Span
ish government.
In the mountains there are rich
mines of iron, lead and zinc and the
valleys are sufficiently fertile to yield
grain of various kinds. Along the sea
coast the fisheries are extensive.
John Was Ready.
In these days of proposed interna
tional alliances it Is interesting to read
of the little difficulty in which a Chi
cago newsboy found himself Involved,
and how he extricated himself there
from. He had wandered over into one
of the "foreign quarters," on the west
side, where one can hear almost every
language except our vernacular, and
he was set upon by two or three boys.
He defended himself bravely and was
holding his own fairly well, until the
two or three were joined by as many
more, and then the battle began to go
against him. "Say!" he yelled to a
group of boys watching the fight from
the sidewalk, "is there an English boy
In the crowd?" "Yes," shouted a
stockily built urchin of about his own
size. "Come yere, then!" panted the
young American, laying about him
•with all his might, "an"' we'll clean
out the hull gang!" And they did.
Probabilities to Fit.
Wife (at breakfast)—I want to do
some shopping today, dear, if the
weather Is favorable. What are the
forecasts? Husband (consulting his
paper)—Rain, hail, thunder and Mght
A dental authority declares that it is
not uncommon at the present time to
find infants with decayed teeth and
girla of 14 or 16 weari* » artificial teeth.
Astounding Feats of Indian Fakirs—
Strange Sights In the Capital of Slan
—A Wonderful Crane— Crocodile'«
To the Wood Rohln.
Bard of the twilight hour!
My soul goes forth to mingle with thy
Which floats like slumber round each
closing flower,
And weaves sweet visions through the
forest dim.
Where Day's sweet warblers rest,
Each gently rocking on the waving
Or hovering the dear fledglings in the
Without one care-pang for the coming
Oh, holy bird, and sweet
Angel of this dark forest, whose rich
Gush like a fountain in the still retreat,
O'er which a world of mirrored beauty
My spirit drinks the stream,
Till human cares and liassions fade
And all my soul is wrapped in one sweet
Of blended love, and peace, and melody.
.veet bird; that wakest alone
The moonlight echoes of the flowery
When ever
And inse
winged lute is flown,
ping all in nodding
I bow my aching head.
And wait the unction of thy voice of
I feci it o'er my weary spirit shed,
Like dew from balmy flowers that
bloom above.
Oh! when the loves of earth
Are silent birds, at close of life's long
May some pure seraphim of heavenly
Bear on its holy hymn my soul away!
>»f Indii
India, writes a recent traveler, is
pre-eminently the land of mystery, and
our most advanced magicians have
never been able to reproduce all their
marvelous performances. One day in
the market place of an Indian village
I saw a curious performance. It was
conducted by two men—one old and
emaciated, carrying a native drum; the
other young and well fed, fantastically
gowned with an overskirt of colored
handkerchiefs and a multitude of bells,
which jangled noiaily at the slight
est movement; long, ragged hair—alto
gether a hideous figure. The drummer
began a weird tom-toming, and the
other man an incantation. Then he
extended a "supra"—a bamboo tray
used by all natives—on which any one
who pleases places a large handful of
I rice and the same quantity of grain.
The two ingredients are thoroughly
amalgamated, so that it would in the
ordinary way take hours to separate
them. Now the fantastic man with
his tray begins. He turns around
slowly, gradually quickening his pace
(the drummer also keeping time),
faster and faster, in a giddy vortex, the
tray at times almost out of his hands,
yet so cleverly handled that not a
grain falls out. It is very trying to
watch, hut in a couple of minutes both
stop simultaneously, and the man
shows to the wondering spectators two
little heaps, one of rice and the other
grain, at different ends of the tray,
which in his sickening gyrations he
has been able to separate by some ex
traordinary manipulation. Eater, it
was my good fortune to be able to wit
ness one of those remarkable cases of
voluntarily suspended animation of
which I had so frequently heard, with
a somewhat dubious smile, I am afraid.
But I am convinced now. It was called
a "Joghee" performance and took place
before the Maharajah of Dhurbanga,
whose guest I had the honor to be. The
"Joghee" was put by his disciples into
a trance. He became perfectly uncon
scious and dead to all appearances. An
English doctor present felt his pulse
an oum î ai cease , and a looking
CiOQs r»r»f fVi« r.11^1, i , ,i - •
glass showed not the slightest mois
ture of r v ny breath in the body. The
"Joghee" was put into a coffin, the lid
screwed on, and seals were impressed
on It with the Maharajah's signet ring.
The box was buried five feet deep,
earth thrown In and well stamped.
Grain was then sown and trusted sen
tries guarded the place.
The grain had sprouted and borne
corn when we were invited again, after
sixty days, to witness the resurrection
of the body. The grave was opened and
the coffin found to be intact. The seals
were broken, the lid unscrewed, and
the "Joghee" was taken out stiff and
stark. His disciples now began to
manipulate the body and go through
certain rites, very similar to mesmer
ism, and by degrees the dead man
opened his eyes, a quiver ran through
his body and he sat up erect.
. In the Siamese Capital.
Bangkok, the capital of Siam, is va
riously called by those people who
revel in comparisons the "Venice of
the east," and the "Constantinople of
Asia;" in the first instance because of
the many canals that run through the
city, and in the second because of the
hundreds of wretched and ownerless
pariah dogs that roam its streets with
impunity. There is much truth in both
comparisons, writes a recent traveler.
Certainly Bangkok is the home of the
gaunt and ugly pariah dog, which
spends its life foraging and getting
Just enough to keep life in its mangy
carcass, multiplying meantime with
great rapidity because the Buddhist's
doctrine forbids its killing. Outcast
dogs are not the only pests whose
multiplication in Bangkok may be
charged to Buddhism; more noisy
crows perch of an early morning on
morning on
your window casing and the tree im
mediately beyond it than in the space
of a day hover near the Towers of Si
lence at Bombay awaiting the pleas
ure of the vultures that feed on the
last earthly remains of those who have
died in the faith of the parses.
In by far the larger half of Bang
kok the easiest means of travel is by
boat, and half the city Is reached in
no other way. The Siamese woman of
the lower class daily paddles her own
canoe to the market and bazaar, or, if
she be of the better class, employs a
rua chang—if indeed one is not includ
!d, with ricksha for road tny-el, among
:he possessions of him to whom with
as matrf others as his nature p ampfc»
and his purse affords, she looks tOf
support and protection. For full five
miles on both sides of the Menam river
Bangkok stretches its floating shops,
and for at least half that distance sn
extra row rests behind on the steadier
site of the bank. Here are the great
est number of the shops, and along the
banks reside probably one-third of th«
city's 400,000 inhabitants. Over half
of the remainder live along the several
klongs, which wind in and around the
city with certainty all the deviousness
and apparently the equal aimlessness
of a cow path. They are not nearly
so broad as the country klongs, though
wider than the chief business streets
of the native town, Sempang; this is
not saying much of their breadth, how
ever, since Sempang is not more than
ten feet wide, and in places not so
much as that.
brown . xhe Ibis or NiIe blrd ls also
sa j(j t0 f ee( j on tbe eg g S 0 f crocodiles,
A Wonderful Crane.
We hear many stories of animals and
birds that have been carefully edu
cated, but a story told in the Cornhlll
Magazine is somewhat novel, Inasmuch
as the crane of whose doings it tells
educated itself, and became a very ac
complished bird without any outside
assistance. It lived with its mate in
a German village, and grew much at
tached to the farmer to whom it be
longed. The two cranes found the
simple country life exactly to their
taste, and soon knew every inhabitant
of the place. They used to call regu
larly at the houses to be fed, and all
went well until the female bird died.
Then the other chose a new companion
and his choice was a strange one. He
took as his friend a bull, to whom he
showed the utmost devotion. He would
stand by the animal in the stall and
keep the flies off him, scream when he
bellowed, dance before him, and fol
low him out with the herd. The com
munal system of joint herding of cattle
and swine, and driving them together
to the pasture, prevailed in the village,
and in following his new friend the
crane learned the duties of cowherd,
so that one evening he brought home
the whole village herd of heifers un
aided, and drove them into the stable.
From that day the crane's life became a
busy one. He undertook duties enough
to last him from morning till night.
He acted as policeman among the poul
try, stopping all fights and disorder.
Once, when a turkey and a game cock
were found fighting, the crane first
fought the turkey, and then sought
out and punished the cock. Once,when
two heifers lagged behind, he drove
them through the street so vigorously
that they became frightened and
broke away, running two miles in the
wrong direction. The bird was not dis
couraged. He could not bring them
back, but he did the next best thing.
He turned them into a field, and then
stood guard over them till they were
fetched. He would drive out trespass
ing cattle as courageously as a dog,and
unlike most busyboclies was a univer
sal favorite and the pride of the vil
Enemies of tlie Crocodile.
The Ichneumon, or "Pharaoh's Rat,"
as it is popularly called, prevents the
too rapid increase.of crocodiles by feed
ing largely upon their eggs. These
eggs are, considering the size of the
adult reptiles, exceedingly small, and
the Ichnelmon is able to take several
of them at a meal. The ancients be
lieved that this little animal entered
the crocodiles' mouth and killed them
by gnawing upon their intestines. On
account of its usefulness in destroying
crocodiles' eggs and vermin of all
kinds it was tamed by the ancient
Egyptians and venerated by them as a
Deity. It is shy in its habits and lives
in holes near the banks of rivers, pre
ferring the daytime for making its
raids. The total length of the animal
is about three feet three inches, of
which the tail measures eighteen
inches; its color is brown, plentifully
grizzled with gray, each hair being
ringed alternately with gray and
while its feathers are fabled to scare
or even kill the reptile itself. The
Gallinago, too, a species of vulture, in
habiting South America, keeps down
the number of crocodiles by eating
their eggs. From the branches of the
trees that shade the river these birds
watch the female laying her tggs.
When she has retired they flock to
gether upon the hidden treasure, tear
up the eggs, and devour them in far
quicker time than they were deposited.
A Spider's Bridge.
Some sarcastic writer has said that
philosophers, like spiders, spin their
web out of their own insides; but not
every philosopher would be able to get
out of a "tight place" as quickly and
safely as did the particular spider of
whose exploits a writer relates this
story: "One day I caught a spider and
brought him into the house to pray
with. I took a basin and fastened a
stick to it, like a vessel's mast or a
I liberty pole, and then poured in water
j enough to turn the mast into an island,
i On this I placed my spider—Crusoe,as I
I called him. As soon as he was fairly
j cast away, he began anxiously running
around to find a road to the mainland.
I He scampered down the mast to the
water - 8tuck a fo<>t ' S ot " wet > ran
around the stick, and tried the other
side ' and finall >' ran back up to the top
a S*in. Here he stopped, as if to con
si( l er the matter. I put a little sweet
stuff 0,1 the stick. A fly came, but
the spider cared not for flies just then.
He went slowly down the pole to the
water, and touched it all around, shak
ing his feet like a cat, when she wets
her paws in the grass. Suddenly, as
if inspired with a plan for escape, he
mounted to the top like a rocket. He
held one foot in the air, then another,
and turned round two or three times.
He seemed excited, and several times
nearly stood on his head. He had
somehow discovered that there was
wind enough to carry a line ashore.
He pushed out a web that went float
ing In tfce air until It caught on the
table. Then he hauled on the rop*» un
til St wat tight, struck it twice or thrice
to ijoe if it was strong enough to hold
hiui, and then he walked ashore. He
hart earuod his liberty, and I carried
hlra back to his web."
Paris contains 10,000 individual» who
live by Pegging.
Some Scientific Facts About the Hair—
j Model Showing How Curly Hair Is
i Produced—How the Beetle Sees—Hun
dreds of linages Upon the Eyes.
6,500 Degrees Fahrenheit.
Prof. Tucker of Columbia university
has succeeded in producing the great
est heat yet known to man. A spe
jcially-constructed electrical furnace
and current of unusual power were
jused to create this temperature, which
I was so high that under it steel, hard
quartz and even platinum were vapor
ized. As for ordinary crucibles, they
[disappeared at once in a little puff of
j smoke. The heat obtained was 6,500
degrees Fahrenheit, 200 degrees hotter
than any temperature before pro
duced. Says a correspondent: It Is
difficult to appreciate the degree of
such heat without some comparisons.
Scalding water means a temperature
of 212 degrees Fahrenheit, and red
hot iron 800 degrees. Steel melts at
3,000 degrees, and boijs like water at
3,500 degrees. As for the heat of me
sun, it is estimated at 10,000 degrees,
so that Prof. Tucker obtained a tem
perature which came within only 3,700
degrees of old Sol himself. Of course,
a special apparatus was needed to
measure the temperature obtained by
Prof. Tucker—ordinary theremometers
being quite out of the question. The
arrangement for this purpose is called
a calorimeter, and it is a rather intri
cate piece of apparatus. While it de
pends upon mercury for the recording
(of the degree of heat or cold obtained,
j the reading is not made in the direct
j way that obtains with the ordinary
i thermometer. The same calculation
j is necessary to determine the exact
j value in degrees of heat or cold of the
i figures. Because of this fact it is usual
, ly found that the actual heat obtained
lis slightly above that recorded. The
. heat obtained by Prof. Tucker was
j 6,000 degrees, It ls not improbable that
lit was nearly 6,800. Scientifically the
i experiment was of importance because
I it has demonstrated that the degree of
jheat obtained some time ago by Prof.
! Moisson of Paris, was not the greatest
j possible. Commercially it is useful,
because it has shown that diamonds
of marketable size and purity may be
Imade artificially. Further, it has giv
jen to commerce two products of al
jmost incalculable value—calcium car
jbide and silicium carbide.
How the Iteetle Sees.
Seeing double is a talent given oc
casionally to a man under certain con
ditions, but ordinarily a man's sight is
focused so that the view within the
scope of his eyes is seen in single com
position. With the beetle, however,
these conditions are vastly different.
When he gazes at an object hundreds
(of reproductions of It are carried
jthrough his eyes, which are called
jcompound. The beetle's eye is formed
jof several hundred lenses, set side by
side like the cells in honeycomb, each
■ cell being capable of vision. To Illus
trate how the world must appear to
i the view of the beetle the picture here
with shown is submitted. It is a re
iproduction of a curious photograph
made to give a tangible demonstration
of the action of a beetle's eye. To
make it Dr. Allen used a camera de
signed for photographing microscopic
objects. In place of the usual photo
jgraphic lens he employed the cornea
i of the eye of a beetle to transmit the
limage to the photographic dry plate,
iaided by a powerful magnifying glass.
!His subject was the silhouette of a
jhead, pasted on a piece of ground
jglass, behind which a lantern throw
ling a strong light was placed. Hav
jing focused properly, the dry plate
(was exposed and developed in the
usual manner. The negative is a cir
cular multigraph, containing as many
images as there were faces In the bee
tle's eye.
A New Fireproof Material.
A new fire-proof material has recent
ly been invented by a Swiss engineer
; which is called "papyristite" on ac
count of paper pulp being one of its
leading constituents. It will make a
solid, impenetrable, and jointless roof
or floor, and is claimed to be abso
lutely fire-proof. It is also a non
i conductor of heat, and v.-hile hard as
! stone, has a soft feeling to the foot
iand is quite noiseless. Two hundred
land twenty pounds of the material
will cover an area of 91% square feet,
with a layer four inches in thickness.
It is mixed wherever it is to be ap
plied and hardens and dries twenty
four hours after spreading. The sub
stance is transported in bags or Lar
rels like cement, and is always ready
for use.
German Rifle.
Nothing shows more clearly the
deadly nature of modern warfare than
a few facts about the light gun of small
caliber in use in the German army. A
bullet from one of these weapons
passes through a stone wall at a dis
tance of 400 paces. At 300 paces it
penetrates a thick oak tree. If six
men are standing one behind the other,
the front man at a distance of 400 paces
from the German line, a bullet dis
charged from the latter passes through
the first five men, inflicting in each
case a mortal wound, and makes the
sixth man hors de combat. The full
range of the ball is said to be 5,000 me
ters, or about three miles.
Electricity In Egypt.
A plan is now said to be under con
sideration by the British government
for the lighting of the pyramids bl !
electricity and the installation of a*
electric power transmission plant ol
25,000 horse-power. The plan Involve!
the erection of a power generating
plant at the Assouan falls on the rivei
Nile, and its transmission over a dis
tance of 100 miles, through the cotton
growing districts, where, it is thought,
the provision of cheap power from this
source will permit the building of cot
f ou factories. Part of the scheme con
templates the lighting from this
source of the interior corridors of the
pyramids, and also the operation of
pumping machinery for irrigating
large areas of desert lands along the
Nile. It is also stated that an Ameri
ca coKfany is likol? to receive; ttia
contract for this work.
Why Some Hair Is Curly.
Prof. Arthur Thomson recently ex
hibited a model to illustrate how nat
ural curliness of hair is produced. Ac
cording to the explanation three fac
tors require consideration in the pro
duction of curly hair: (1) the hair
shaft, (2) the hair muscle, and (3) the
sebaceous gland. Straight hair is al
ways circular on section, and is usual
ly thicker than curly hair, which is
ribbon-like and fine. In order that the
muscle may act as an erector of the
hair it is requisite that the shaft of
the hair embedded in the skin should
be sufficiently strong to resist any ten
dency to bend; unless this be so the
lever-like action necessary to produce
its erection Is destroyed. When the
hair is fine and ribbon-like, the shaft
is not sufficiently stout to resist the
strain of the muscle and naturally as
sumes a curve, the degree of curva
ture depending on the development of
the muscle, the resistance of the hair,
and the size of the sebaceous gland.
The curve thus produced becomes per
manent and affects the follicle in which
the hair is developed, the softer cells
at the root of the hair accommodate
themselves to this curve, and becoming
more horny as they advance towards
the surface retain the form of the
follicle; the cells on the concave side
of the hair being more compressed
than those on the convex side. In this
way the hair retains the form of th«
follicle after it has escaped from it.
An Accommodating Waterspout.
It is very rare that an opportunity
occurs to make a truly scientific ob
servation of a waterspout. Mr. D. R.
Crichton, a British enginer, had what
is said to be a unique experience of
this kind off Eden, New South Wales,
last year, and his report has been pub
lished by the Royal Society of that col
ony. Fourteen complete waterspouts
formed off the shore where he was at
work with a theodolite, and he made
careful measurements of them. Tne
largest spout consisted of two cones,
connected by a pipe-shaped spout. The
top of the upper cone, which was in
verted, was 5,014 feet above the sea.
Each cone was about 100 feet in diam
eter at the base, diminishing gradually
until it merged into the spout. The
length of the cones was about 250 feet
each, leaving 4,500 feet for the lengtn
of the spout connecting them.
Admiral MakarofT's Ice-Breaker.
The ice-breaking ship invented by
Admiral Makaroff of the Russian navy,
lately completed at Newcastle, Eng.,
ha3 been completely successful. It has j
three screw propellers in the stern,
and another screw for ice-breaking at j
the bow. Apparatus which permits j
the shifting of 150 tons of water from J
one end of the ship to the other, and j
of 100 tons from side to side, enables j
the navigator to change the lie of the
vessel at his will. It is said to have
"cut through the thick Ice of the Fin- I
nish gulf as easily as a hot knife goes
through butter. On its way to Kron
stadt it went through two and a half
feet of ice at a speed of nine knots.
New Oll-Produclng Plant.
At a recent meeting of the Linnean
Society in London specimens of a new
oil-producing plant from Venezuela
were exhibited. The oil resembles that
of sandal-wood, and is already known
in commerce, but the plant has hither
to remained undescribed. It proves to
be a new genus of the rue family, to
\thtch the common prickly ash be
longs, and it has been named Schim
melia, after a German botanist who
first distilled the aromatic oil from its
Pens Before Christ.
Pens resembling our quill pens, but
made of reed, have been found in Egyp
tian tombs supposed to date from a pe
riod 2,500 years before Christ.
Her Fault.
"Looky here!" snarled Jason Haw
buck, whose nose was sadly abraded,
and who walked with a decided limp.
"What did you mean by tellin' me that
that 'ere old brindle demon I bought o(
you yesterday wasn't a bad cow? Why
—gol-slam it!—first thing when I went
to milk her last night she hauled off
an' kicked me head over heels, jam
mln' my skull into the milk-pall an'
nearly unj'ntin' my fool neck. Then
she got me tangled up in the halter
rope so&ehow, an' drug me across the
cow lot an' back an' forth so many
times that I couldn't keep count of
'em, an' kicked me every once in a
whüe, for good measure. There's
skurcely a bit of whole skin left on my
body big enough to make a common
sized watch-pocket. If she ain't a bad
cow I'd like to know what in tarna
tion would make you consider a cow
"Wa 'al," mildly replied Aaron All
red, "if she'd done that wilfully an'
maliciously, I s'pose I'd consider her
bad, but bein' acquainted with her
ever since she was a calf an' havin'
known her to cut up that same caper
a good many times before, I've decid
ed that she's only jest thoughtless.
There's a good deal of difference be
tween wickedness an' mere thought
lessness, you Vnriw "
W. B. Askew, postmaster at Russell
Gulch, Colorado, and a member of the
grocery firm of Wuguer & Askew, com
mitted suicide by shooting himself.
The trial of the men charged with be
ing principals in the notorious opera
house riot in Colorado Springs in Sep
tember last began in the district court
on the 21st and they were acquitted.
A tornado visited Akron, Colorado,
on the 21st, and wrecked the dwellings,
barns and sheds on Dole & Gillette's
sheep ranch six miles northeast of Ak
ron. Charles H. Abbott, who was
working at the ranch, was killed by
lightning while milking.
Caterpillars are destroying all the
foliage on the Pecos Valley forest re
serve, especially on the quaking aspen
trees. Shovelfuls of the caterpillars
are picked up every morning by the
rangers and burned, but the plague is
increasing, and makes it very disagree
able for visitors, who find themselves
and their horses literally covered with
the caterpillars after a few miles of
Mrs. Josiah Dunn of Arvada has left
with Secretary Staute of the horticult
ural board in the state house, twelve
strawberries which filled a quart cup.
Many of them were over four inches in
circumference. They are of the .Te
cunda variety. The secretary will at
tempt to preserve them so that they
may be displayed at the coming State
The body of the 4-year-old daughter
of Lewis Ferjauehieh of Russell gulch,
was found in Clear creek, about one
mile below where she was last seen.
The head and legs were considerably
bruised, which in all probability was
caused by coming in contact with the
rock? in the creek. Coroner Boyer has
ordered a post mortem examination
which will be followed by an inquest.
Foul play is suspected.
John Haines, oldest son of M. S.
Ilaines, was killed in the Mitchell
mine at Lafayette, Colorado, on the
21st, while pulling top coal, a large
amount of coal and rock falling and
burying liim completely. The miners
uncovered Iiis head and found him to
be alive and able to talk, but more
coal and rock fell and a large force
of men was put at work to rescue him,
which took about an hour, when be
was found to be dead.
The story that Marcus Daly intends
leaving Montana and taking up his res
idence in Colorado, where he is to build
a smelter and go into the stock raising
business, is, according to Mr. Daly's
most intimate friends and associates,
without any truth. Mr. Daly is at
present in New York, but only a fçy,v
days before leaving he stated, as he
had frequently done before, that Mon
tana would always be bis home and
that he expected to spend the remain
der of his life here and in the harness.
"I am here to stay and to work harder
than ever," he said on his return from
the East after his election as president
of the New Amalgamated Company.
Five pounds of giant powder were
exploded by Cripple Creek people on
the side of Big Bull mountain for the
purpose of ascertaining the quantity
that can be safely used in the big
earthquake on the Fourth of July. The
test was entirely satisfactory. The
earth and smoke were forced into the
air for hundreds of feet. The com
mittee in charge of the earthquake
scene will now go ahead and make
complete arrangements as originally
planned. The general committee for
the big celebration have adopted plans
for a big pavilion to be erected on
Second and Victor avenues. The pavil
ion will be the largest ever erected in
this city. Around the four sides will
be upraised seats with a capacity for
seating 1,100 people.
Assignee Chapman of the failed State
Bank of Monte Vista lias just made
public the following statement of as
sets and liabilities of the bank and its
two branches, the Miners' Bank of
Creede and the Farmers' Bank of
Hooper. Liabilities: Open deposits,
$42.903.30; certificates of deposit. $11,
076.64; due First National Banß of
Denver, $24,901.14; unpaid taxes,
$780.56. Total, $80,651.64. Assets:
Overdrafts, good, $6,740.27; real es
tate and fixtures, $14,500; Chase Na
tional Bank. New York, $106.19; loans
and discounts, considered good, $48.
533.26; cash and cash items. $732.70;
rents, etc., due, $215.65. Total. $70,
828.07. The assignee is hopeful of
making an early dividend. This happy
result will depend upon h*s ability to
turn the overdrafts, real estate and
loans into cash.
Governor Richards was advised by
the War Department on the 19th that
the troops at Fort Washakie, in the
Slioslione reservation, and Yellowstone,
in the National Park, have been placed
at the disposal of the civil authorities
to aid in pursuing the Union Pacific
robbers. Deputy Marshal Morrison,
with four Yelowstone scouts, cap
tured three men at Riverside station,
near the west line of the park, who an
swer the description of Curry and the
Roberts brothers. Morrison will reach
Mammoth Hot Springs with his prison
ers Tuesday, when they will lie ex
amined before Commissioner Meldrum.
Should these men not prove to be the
hold-ups, the chase will be kept up
with vigor until the robbers are run
down and captured. The robbers were
supplied by a rustler friend near 10.
K. Mountain, in the Hole-iu-the-Wall
country, with fine riding horses and
two pack animals, plenty of food and a
camp outfit.
A telegram has been received at
Trinidad to the effect that one of the
gang of safe blowers who cracked the
safes of the Colorado & Southern and
Santa Fe offices In that city on the
night of the 13th, had been arrested
at Albuquerque, N. M. Cashier Fred
ericy of the Colorado & Southern fur
nished the clue that led to the arrest.
Some time ago, among the money ta
ken in by him in the course of busi
nes was a $5 bill Issued in 1862. On
placing it in the bank it was discov
ered that the signature of the United
States treasurer, F. E. Spinner, had
been left off. Mr. Fredericy replaced
the incomplete hill in the safe at the
depot, intending to keep it as a sou
venir. He was able to give a com
plete description of the bill, even to
the number. Sewed to the undershirt
Df the man arrested at Albuquerque
was this particular bill. This proof
of guilt is so conclusive that it will not
be difficult to convict the man and per
haps run down the whole gang.
A dispatch from Cheyenne says Mr.
E. P. Snow, secretary of the State
Board of Sheep Commissioners, re
turn' d this morning from the western
part of the state, where he has been
inspecting several bands of sheep be
ing trailed into the state from Oregon.
Under the new law passed by the last
legislature, all sheep trailed or shipped
by rail into the state are to be in
spected at the border. Among the
ihipments being made into the state
at the present time are the following:
J. W. Blake, 1,000 head, shipped by
rail from Oregon to Montpelier, Idaho,
and trailed into Wyoming from that
place; J. K. Fitzwater, 4,000; Barker
Bros., 3.000; E. Boettclier. 14,000; W.
J. Blake, 12,000; L. P. Southworth, 20,
000; Platte Valley Sheep company. 30,
000 head. These sheep will nearly all
be driven over what is known as the
Lander trail and will be ranged in
various parts of the state. About 40,
000 will be ranged in Central Wyo
ming, about 15,000 will go to the Lar
amie Plains, and the remainder will
go to the Big Horn basin. Sheepmen
of the state are apprehensive that the
advent of many sheep into the state
will result in serious overcrowding of
the ranges.
The summer session of tlie Colorado
Editorial Association met at Glenwood
on the 23rd, At the afternoon roll-call
the following were found to be pres
ent: Halsey M. Rhoads, Press, Den
ver; AV. P. Kennedy and wife, Re
veille, Rifle; E. Price, A. C. Newton,
Press, Denver; W. P. Kennedy and
wife, News, Grand Junction; F. A.
Haimbaugh. Sentinel, Denver; I.. H.
Johnson, Herald-Democrat, Leadville;
Howard T. Lee and wife, Republican,
1 Wiver; J. L. Berry, Facts, Colorado
Springs; C. F. Liggett, Press, Sheridan
Lake; Leo Vincent and wife, Represen
tative. Boulder; A. Roberts and wife.
Press, Montrose; S. D. Brosius and
wife, Mail, Pueblo: W. L. Tliorndyke
and wife, Reporter, Lovelaud; A. G.
Sechrist, Times, Wray; .1. D. Lawless
and wife, Sparks, Lamar; C. O. Finch,
Journal, Castle Rock; W. E. Pahor,
Grand Junction; C. T. Rawalt, Cham
pion. Gunnison; J. F. Greenawaldt,
Tribune, Florence; Howard Russell,
Express, Fort Collins; George O. Blake,
Star, Grand Junction. At tlie afternoon
session the following program was car
ried out: "Special and Boom Editions,"
T. S. Lawless of the Lamar Sparks,
who took the position that such did not
pay. "Needed Legislation" was fully
treated by C. T. Rawalt of the Gunni
son Champion, who explained that
much of tlie legislation desired by
newspaper men was defeated for the
sole want of time, the local legislator
paying more attention to local bills
than to the passage of general laws.
Howard Russell of the Fort Collins
Express gave a review on the topic,
"Does Foreign Advertising Pay?" His
remarks were thoroughly discussed,
and the general opinion prevailed that
it was best to let the foreign adver
tiser alone. At the evening session AV.
E. Pabor read a poem and Mrs. E. A.
Thayer delivered a paper entitled "The
Publisher and the Country Editor."
She was followed in a short address by
Congressman Shafrotli.
In response to a protest sent to the
secretary of agriculture by John Clay,
Jr., of Cheyenne, in connection with
tlie orders issued by the Department of
the Interior, prohibiting tlie grazing on
government forest reservations, and
particularly the order relating to graz
ing on the Uintah reservation, which
had been us"d by sheep owners
of Wyoming, Colorado and Utah, the
fn'lowing has been written by the sec
retary of the interior. Hon. E.A. Hitch
cock: "The Uintah forest reserve em
braces both slopes of the Uintah
mountains in northern Utah and the
northern slope only of the western part
of this range. These mountains are
covered with valuable forests of
spruce that protect the sources of sev
eral large streams which eventually
discharge into Green river, those llow
ing northward from the range being
already utilized for irrigation. There
is a large agricultural population im
mediately adjacent to the reserve who
find it their only local timber supply
and the chief source of water supply
for irrigation purposes. Both of these
supplies would be endangered by sheep
grazing, which the experience of the
department shows is one of tlie most
prolific sources of forest fires, such
fires being often started by tlie shep
herds in autumn to clear the ground
in the autumn and improve tlie growth
of forage plants the following year, or
by their carelessness In not extinguish
ing camp fires. Sheep grazing lias also
been found injurious to tlie forest cov
er. polluting tlie source of water sup
ply, and therefore of serious conse
quence in regions where the rainfall
is limited. The point made that the
sheep men should have had timely no
tice is without force in view of the
fact that this order was issued two
years ago, practically, and was given
wide publication and circulation in the
papers at that time. The department
is being flooded with applications to
pasture sheep in forest reservations,
but as yrt no departure has been nt 4&
from the regulations established in
1897, which were given careful consid
eration before their issuance."
Alfred Packer, the "man eater," has
lost his case in the Supreme Court. The
pardon board is now the only possible
means for him to escape serving out
his forty-year penitentiary sentence.
Tlie case decided by tlie court on the
19th was an appeal from tlie Gunnison
county District Court. This is the
fifth time that this case has been be
fore the Supreme Court in one form
or another. In the District Court of
Hinsdale county, at the April term,
1883, five separate indictments were
returned against Alfred Packer, charg
ing him with the murder oî Israel
Swan. Shannon Wilson Bell, Frank
Miller. George Noou and James Hum
phrey. The Swan indictment was
filed April 6th, and the other fsur
April 7, 1883. On the 6tli of April,
Packer was arrested on the charge of
killing Swan. He pleaded not guilty,
but on April 13th was convicted of
murder in the first degree, and on the
same day the court sentenced him to
be hanged May 19th. Later the sen
tence was set aside and the cause re
versed, upon the ground that the sec
tions of the criminal code prescribing
the punishment for murder were re
pealed by the Legislature, without a
saving clause, after the crime was
committed and before the conviction
was had. Tlie case was remanded for
a new trial for manslaughter, included
in the specific crime of murder charged
in the indictment. Thereafter an ap
plication in the five cases was made by
the defendant for a change of venue
from Hinsdale county, and the causes
were set for trial to the District Court
of Gunnison county. After this the
prisoner filed a motion in each case,
supported by affidavit, for Iiis dis
charge upon the ground that more than
two terms of court had elapsed with
out his having been placed upon trial.
The motions were denied. The cases
were consolidated for trial. On August
2, 1886, the trial began, and two days
later a verdict of voluntary man
slaughter was returned under each in
dictment. The court sentenced Packer
to forty continuous years in state's
prison, divided into five terms of eight
years each. On December 4, 1885, ha
beas corpus proceedings were com
menced. The application for discharge
on this ground was refused.

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