Newspaper Page Text
Read our prize offer on
fourth page. It will inter.
, est you.
rhç Kalispell Bee.
We are bound to put the
Bee in every home in Flat
head county. Read our
prize offer on Second page.
VOL. II. NO. 47.
THE KALI3PELL BEE, KALISPELL, MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 4, 1901.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Recommends the Creation of Another Cabinet
Officer, to Be Called
SECRETARY OF COMMERCE
The President Recommends the Irrigation of the West by
the Government—Says the Tribal Relations of the
Indians Should Be Broken Up.
Washington, Dec. 3.—The president
in his annual message to congress
The congress assembles this year
under the shadow o£ a great calam
ity. On the 0th of September Presi
dent McKinley was shot by an an- '
archist while attending the Pan
American exposition at Buffalo and
died in that city on the 14th of that
Of the last seven elected presidents
he is te third who has been mur
dered, and the bare recital of this
fact is sufficient to justify grave
alarm among all loyal American citi
zens. Moreover, the circumstances
of this, the third assassination of an
American president, have a peculiar
ly sinister significance. Both Pres
ident Lincoln and President Garfield
were killed by assassins of types un
fortunately not uncommon in history.
President Lincoln falling a victim to
the terrible passions aroused by four
years of civil war and President Gar
field to the revengeful vanity of a
disappointed office seeker. President
McKinley was killed by an utterly de
praved criminal belonging to that
class of criminals who object to all
governments, good and bad alike,
who are against any form of popular
liberty if it is guaranteed by even
the most just and liberal laws and
who are as hostile to the upright ex
ponent of a free people's sober will
as to the tyrannical and irresponsi
Anarchy and Anarchists.
The president continues with a
eulogy of Mr. McKinley, then turns
to the subject of anarchy, denouncing
its doctrines and preachers. He
I earnestly recommend to the con
gress that in the exercise of its wise
discretion it should take into consid
eration the coming to this country of
anarchists or persons professing prin
ciples hostile to all government and
justifying the murder of those placed
in authority. Such individuals as
those who not long ago gathered in
open meeting to glorify the murder
of King Humbert of Italy perpetrate
a crime, and the law should insure
their rigorous punishment. They and
those like them should be kept out
of this country, and if found here
they should be promptly deported to
the country whence they came, and
far reaching provision should be made
for the punishment of those who stay.
No matter calls more urgently for
the wisest thought of the congress.
A Subject For Federal Courts.
The federal courts should be given
jurisdiction over any man who kills
or attempts to kill the president or
any man who by the constitution or
by law is in line of succession for
the presidency, while the punishment
for an unsuccessful attempt should
be proportioned to the enormity of
the offense against our institutions.
Anarchy is a crime against the
whole human race, and all mankind
should band against the anarchist.
His crime should be made an offense
against the law of nations, like piracy
and that form of man stealing known
as the slave trade.
The president next considers busi
ness conditions, which he finds
highly satisfactory. He continues:
The tremendous and highly com
plex industrial development which
went on with ever accelerated rapid
ity during the latter half of the nine
teenth century brings us face to face
at the beginning of the twentieth with
very serious social problems. The
old laws and the old customs which
had almost the binding force of law
were once quite sufficient to regulate
the accumulation and distribution of
wealth. Since the industrial changes
which have so einormously increased
the productive power of mankind
they are no longer sufficient.
The growth of cities has gone on
beyond comparison faster than the
growth of the country, and the up
building of the great industrial cen
ters has meant a startling increase
not merely in the aggregate of wealth,
but in the number of very large indi
vidual and especially of very large
corporate fortunes. The creation of
these great corporate fortunes has
not been due to the tariff nor to any
other governmental action, but to
natural causes in the business world,
operating in other countries as they
operate in our own.
The process has aroused much an
tagonism, a great part of which is
wholly without warrant. It is not
true that as the rich have grown
richer the poor have grown poorer. On
the contrary, never before has the
average man, the wage earner, the
farmer, the small trader, been so well
off as in this country and at the pres
ent time. There have been abuses
connected with the accumulation of
wealth, yet it remains true that a for
tune accumulated in legitimate busi
ness can be accumulated by the per
son specially benefited only on condi
tion of conferring immense incidental
benefits upon others. Successful en
terprise of the type which benefits
all mankind can only exist if the con
ditions are such as to offer great
prizes as the rewards of success.
Reasons Fov Caution.
The president adds that there are
many reasons for caution in dealing
with corporations. He says:
The same business conditions
which have produced the great ag
gregations of corporate and individ
ual wealth have made them very po
tent factors in international commer
Moreover, it can not too often be
pointed out that to strike with ignor
ant violence at the interests of one
set of men almost inevitably endan
gers the interests of all. The funda
mental rule in our national life—the
rule which underlies all others—is
that, on thte whole and i.n the long
run, we shall go up or down together.
The mechanism of modern business
is so delicate that extreme care must
be taken not to interfree with it in
a spirit of rashness or ignorance. In
dealing with business interests, for
the government to undertake by
crude and ill considered legislation
to do what may turn out to be bad,
would be to incur the risk of such
far reaching national disaster that it
would be preferable to undertake
nothing at all. The men who demand
tho impossible or the undesirable
serve as the allies of the forces with
which they are nominally at war, for
they hamper those who would en
deavor to find out in rational fashion
what the wrongs really are and to
what extent and in what manner it
is practicable to apply remedies.
Hew to Correct the Evils.
All this is true, and yet it is also
true that there are real and grave
evils, one of the chief being overcap
italization because of its many bale
ful consequences, and a resolute and
practical effort must be made to cor
rect these evils.
It is no limitation upon property
rights or freedom of contract to re
quire that when men receive from
government the privilege of doing
business under corporate form, which
frees them from individual responsi
bility and enables them to call into
their enterprises the capital of the
public, they shall do so upon abso
lutely truthful representations as to
the valute of the property in which
the capital is to be invested. Corpor
ations engaged in interstate com
merce should be regulated if they are
found to exercise a license working
to the public injury. It should be
as much the aim of those who seek
for social betterment to rid the busi
ness world of crimes of cunning as
to rid the entire body politic of
crimes of violence. Great corpora
tions exist only because they are
created and safeguarded by our in
stitutions, and it is therefore our right
and our duty to see that they work
in harmony with these institutions.
Publicity the First Essential.
The first, essential In determining
how to deal with the great industrial
combinations is knowledge of the
facts—publicity. In the interest of
the public the government should
have the right to Inspect and exam
ine the workings of the great corpor
ations engaged in interstate business.
Publicity is the only sure remedy
(Continued on sixth page.)
Cashier of a White Sulphur
Springs Bank Suicides.
HIS MIND UNBALANCED
Family Troubles Supposed to Be the Cause
Had Been a Resident of Montana
for Several Years.
Helena, Dec. 3.—Hugh Cameron,
assistant cashier of the First Na
tional bank of White Sulphur Spiings,
shot himself today while me el ally
deranged, inflicting a wound that
proved fatal a short time afterwards.
Cameron and his wife have not lived
together for a number of years, and
it is thought that domestic trouble
finally unbalanced his mind. For the*
last few days he has been acting
strangely, and to personal acquaint
ances bad expressed the fear that
his mind was going to fail him.
Last night the annual meeting of
the Martinsdale Sheep company, of
which Cameron was secretary, was
held. Instead of going to the meet
ing, where he was expected, he went
to the bank, where the janitor found
him later, sitting alone, and staring
at the floor. Shortly afterwards Cam
eron left the bank, saying to the
janitor that he was going to his room
at Mr. HartfiCld's.
In the meantime Mr. Cameron's ab
sence from the meeting led to a
search for him, but nothing more was
seen of him until early this morn
ing. A brother of Editor Sutherlin
of the Husbandman found Cameron
sitting on a log near his house on th®
outskirts of the town, chilled through
from the night's exposure. Cameron
accepted Sutherlin's invitation to
come inside and have a cup of cot
foe. and word was sent to Cameron's
friends. Foreman Winscott of the
Husbandman started in Cameron's
room at Sutherlin's house for the pur
pose of inducing Cameron to accom
pany him to town. As he opened the
door Cameron fired a pistol, inflict
ing a wound in his own temple, from
which he died at 10 a. m. The dead
man was about 55 years old, a Scotch
man, but had lived in Montana about
25 years. He was a prominent mem
ber of the Odd Fellows. His wife is
living in the east and the two daugh
ters are, so far as known, the only
MURDER OVER TAMALES.
Gun Play at Butte With Fatal Ef
Butte, Dec. 3.—Early this morning
at the Swiss Home saloon, at the
corner of Mercury and Arizona
streets, Joseph Marino, an Italian ta
male peddler, was shot and killed by
"Bull Dog" Salvagora, another Ital
ian, and a rival vender of tamales.
The trouble between the two men
has been of long standing, and was
occasioned by rivalry in the tamale
business and frequent disputes over
their respective territories. Tonight
they met at the corner of the above
named streets and hostilities re
sumed. After entering the saloon
the battle was quickly on, resulting
in two rapid «hots from the gun of
Salvagora which pierced Marino's
body, inflicting wo»*nds from which
he died shortly afterwards. The
slayer backed out of the saloon hold
ing a large crowd at bay, and made
his escape into the night. Posses
started in pursuit but at 3 o'clock a.
m. no clew to the slayer had been
Decision of the United States Su
preme Court Causes Jubilation.
Manila, Dec. 3.- -The local news
they received news of the United
States supreme court decision in the
"Fourteen Diamond Rings" case, tbit
the Phillippines are American terri
tory and that the imposition of du
ties on articles imported into the
United States from the Philippines
is improper. The announcement of
the decision caused great excitement
and much jubilation among merchants
and the public in general. Represent
ative business men say that the de
cision will revolutionize the entire
trade of the orient.
MANY THOUSANDS SHORT.
The Teller Got the Money and the
Bank la Closed.
Ballston, N. Y„ Dec. 3.—The First
National bank of this place was closed
today pending investigation by the
national bank examiner. It is stated
that the closing of the bank followed
the discovery of irregularities of ac
counts of the teller, Charles E.
Fitchan, whose defalcations run
through several years with a report
ed shortage of $600,000.
Government Forces Win Out
TREAT WITH REBELS
Peace Commissioners Appointed to Negotiate
With Insurgent Leaders—Few Guerilla
Bands Continue to Fight.
Colon. Colombia, Dec. 3.—Accord
ing to news just received here today
the interior of the country is almost
pacified and quiet. Only a few scat
tered insurgent banns are here am'
there, waging guerrilla warfare,
causing the government but little
anxiety. The triumph of the Colom
bian conservative government of the
isthmus will incalculably strengthen
the government's hands. A peace
commission of Florenzo Arosmero,
representing prominent liberals of
Panama; Manuel Amadora, represent
ing the Colombian government, and
General Delarasa, secretary of the
insurgent general, Domingo Diaz, has
started for the interior to obtain an
Interview with the generals, Diaz and
Jugo, and induce them to give up the
struggle and return to Panama. Senor
Amadora is empowered to grant rea
sonable terms to General Diaz in the
name of the government. The com
missioners are expected to retur;i
to Panama tomorrow.
Confliction of Orders the Cause of the
Big Wabash Wreck.
Adrian, Mich., Dec. 3.—It is ex
pected that the coroner's jury which
has investigated the disastrous wreck
on the Wabash railroad near Seneca
last Wednesday night, in which many
Italian immigrants were crushed >nd
burned to death, will render its ver
dict tomorrow. The testimony today
brought out the fact that there were
at least three different interpreta
tions of the train dispatcher's order.
BULLER POPULAR WITH THE
London, Dec. 2.—''Buller Sunday"
passed without serious incidents. The
government had taken every precau
tion to prevent disturbance. This
included the reading at three parades
last week of a special order in the
military regulations which forbids
officers or soldiers from "taking part
in any meetings, demonstrations or
processions for part v or political pur
A large body of police, many of
whom were mounted, were stationed
along the line of the procession and
notably in front o- the war office.
The trades unions and workingmen
societies, with bands and banners, as
sembled along tho embankment this
afternoon. There were thousands of
spectators. Owing to the difficulty
of marshaling the large bodies of
men, the procession '*"'*- in start
ing. It was headed by a huge ban
ner on which was a portrait of Gen
eral Buller. The procession travers
ed Northumberland avenue, Pall Mall,
St. James street and Plcadilly to
Hyde park. The windows of clubs,
and especially of the service clubs,
were crowded with sightseers.
At Charing Cross several mounted
police rode to the head of the proces
sion and attempted to seize a plaster
bust of General Buller. The man car
rying the bust dashed it to the
ground. This incident caused much
indignation, but the leaders were able
to curb and restrain the paradera,
some of whom wished to attack the
Opposite the war office there was
much groaning and cries of "shame"
from the men in the procession, but
otherwise the proceedings were with
When Hyde Park was reached it
was almsot dark. 'Ihe confusion was
so great as to render the speakers
almost inaudible, but amid a roar of
cheers a resolution of sympathy for
General Buller was proposed and
adopted with great enthusiasm.
Features of the demonstration were
the passing of the collection box for
the workingmen's memorial to Gen
eral Buller, and the largo sale of but
tonhole portraits and favors of the
It is estimated that at least 10,000
people were present at the demon
stration in Hyde park. This makes
it the biggest thing of its kind which
has occurred for many years.
Trie* to Kill Hi* Former Sweetheart
and Then 8hoots Himself.
Helena, Nov. 29.—Charles Lind
quist died this morning at Butler, a
few miles west of Helena, as the re
sult of two wounds in his head, which
were self-inflicted. In addition to
MAGLAY S NAVAL HISTORY
TO OE INVESTIGATED
Book That Brought on the Schley Investiga
tion to Be Looked into*
WHY WHS IT ORDERED ADOPTED?
Question as to Whether or Not the Proof Sheets ^Ä^ere
Submitted to Officers of the Navy to
Washington, Doc. 3.—Representa
tive Williams of Mississippi today in
troduced a resolution in the house,
having for its purpose an official ;u
vestigation of W. S. Maclay's "His
tory of the Navy of the United States '
and reasons for its adoption in ihr,
course of study at the naval aeadenij
at Annapolis, and also the truth or
falsity of the allegations that the
proof sheets of the alleged history
were submitted to raid acquiesced .a
by Captain Crowninshield and Rear
Washington, Dec. 3.—Not in many
years have the members of the house
of representatives listened with such
rapt attention to tit* annual message
of a president of the United States
as they did to the reading of the first
message of President Roosevelt. The
reading occupied two hours, but not
over it dozen members left their seats
until it was concluded. Several times
shooting himself, Lindquist sent a
bullet through the head of Julia Tost
evin, daughter of the postmaster at
Jealousy is given as the cause of
the crime. The girl's injuries are
serious and it may he that she t\i!'
The shooting occurred Monday, and
up to this evening the sheriff bad
not been notified, and the news only
<atne as the result of the visit of a
Helena physician to the scene.
It appears that Lindquist was it.
love with a girl and up to a short
time ago she apparently returned his
affections. Not long ago Lindquist
visited his rancit in Wyoming and on
returning found he had been sup
planted in the affections of the girl
by a wealthy mining man in the vi
cinity of Butler.
Monday he came into town amt
bought a revolver. Late in the af
ternoon he returned to Butler and go
ing to the girl's home upbraided her
A quarrel ensued and Lindquist drew
his revolver and sitôt the girl. Tho
bullet entered her head below the
right ear and came out at the right
temple. Then he turned the revolevr
on himself, and put two stiots through
Tuesday afternoon Dr. Kellogg was
summoned and when he returned last
night Ute first news of the shooting
was had. This morning he again
went to Butler, and while there Lind
GOV. OF OKLAHOMA REMOVED.
President Appoints New Governor
For the Territory.
Washington, Dec. 2.—Tin presi
dent today appoint : 1 Tnmnas Ü.
t-rguson g< verum o' <)!: r.hjtna, vice
William M. .lenkte., removed.
In taking this action the president
attached to thtl papers the following
"Governor Jenkins of Oklahoma is
hereby removed because of ltis im
proper connection with a contract be
tween tho territory and the Oklahoma
Sanitarium company. The decision is
based wholly upon his own wallon
statements and his oral explanations
of them at the hearing.
"One of the duties of the terril trial
governor is to enter into the contract
with some person or corporation for
the keeping of the insane of the terri
tory. Governor Jenkins made smh a
contract with the Oklahoma Sanitar
ium company, a corporation, the pro
moters of which reserved $10,hub of
its stock for the governor and suit
jeet to his orders.
"In the governor's explanation of
the affairs, he says he told the pro
moters at the time they desired him
to santcoin the contract' that it was
an important contract: that I had
some friends whom I would like to
have interested in the company to
which I owed some obligations that
I would not be able to pay by an ap
pointment or anything of that kind.'
The stock was delivered to a banker
subject to the order and was turned
over to those friends whose political
service the governor had also sought
"The extent of the favor to th egov
ernor and his friends is suggested
by the fact that the only known sale
of the stock since the contract was
there was applause, and at the con
clusion of the reading the demon
strations were quite enthusiastic on
the republican side.
In the Senate.
Tito senate listened to the first
message of President Roosevelt to
day mul adopted a resolution direct
ing tin' appointment of a committee
to co-operate with a like committee
from the house to consider by what
token of respect and affection con
gress might express the sorrow of Lite
nation upon the tragic death of the
late President McKinley. The senate
thon, as a further mark of respect to
the memory of the late president, on
motion of Mr. Foraker, adjourned at
The Message in England.
London, Dec. 3.—Practically all tho
morning papers published this morn
ing President Roosevelt's message,
with editorial comment thereupon.
given out was at double the price
paid for it.
"As performance of the contract
was to bo the sole business of the
corporation, it is obvious either the
territory was obligated to pay for
more titan the service was worth, or
that its helpless wards were to have
the enormous profits contemplated
taken out of their keep.
"The governor's.confessed relations
to tlie matter displays such a lack of
appreciation of the high fiduciary na
ture of the duties of his ojee as to
unfit hint for their further discharge.
"A sound rule of public policy ami
morals forbids a public servant from
seeking or accepting any personal
benefit in a transaction wherein he
has a public duty to perforin.
"A chancellor would not for a mo
ntent retain a trustee who in dealing
for the trust reserved an advantage
to himself. The thought, is not to lie
tolerated that the president can bo
less vigilant and exacting in the pub
Thomas Ferguson of Watonga, Okla
homa, went to Oklahoma in 1885, anil
settled at Watonga when the Chey
enne country, in which it was located,
was opened for settlement in 1891.
He has published a newspaper there
continuously since. He was recently
appointed postmaster at Watonga.
Up is about 40 years of age, was ed
ucated in Kansas and left college as
a minister in the Christian churelt.
For four years he lias been secretary
of the territorial committee.
HARDIE TO HANG.
Glasgow, Nov. 30.—The Hardie
murder case was givejn to the jury
today at an evening session of the
district court, and it is not expeeied
iliat the jury will be long in arriving
at a verdict.
in view of tlie bad physical and
mental condition of the defendant,
due to the use of morphine, it is ex
pected that the jury will not return
a verdict of murder in the first de
gree, although the testimony shows
the killing to have been a most in
The defense of insanity was not
very well established by the defend
ant's attorney, the physicians called
by the defendant testifying that in
sanity rarely resulted from the use
The defendant is in a pitiful phys
ical and mental condition, or else has
been doing a lot of shamming while
in the court room, and on the witness
stand, a condition which has not been
noticed by the jail officials who have
had him in their charge since his ar
The Hardie case is the last case
on the calendar for this term. Judge
Tattan will return to Benton Tuesday
and the jury term for Choteau coun
ty will be called on the 5th.
The verdict of the jury in the case
of the state vs. Hardie has just been
returned, and is murder in the first
degree. The defendant, with others,
will receive sentence on Monday at