OCR Interpretation


The Kevin courier. [volume] (Kevin, Mont.) 1922-1922, August 09, 1922, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053340/1922-08-09/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

STRIKE VORTEX
PARLEY WITH HARDING SOUGHT
TO STEER OUT OF NEW
RAIL UPRISING
CHIEFS DECLARE GRAVE PERIL
> Men Being Forced Into Controversy As
Result of Dangerous Condition
of Equipment and Nagging
of Guards
Cleveland.—Representatives of three
of the four railroad brotherhoods in
Washington were requested hy tele
graph to arrange a conference between
President Harding and the chief execu
tives of tlie brotherhoods, for the pur
pose of presenting to the president
in connection with the
present strike of railroad shop crufts.
A telegram was sent direct to Presi
dent Harding by the three local chief
executives of the brotherhoods, asking
for a conference.
The matter lias been under consider
ation by tlie brotherhood chiefs, hut
because of failure to get a reply for
joint action from the president of the
Order of Railway Conductors, ami the
other members of the "big four." it
was decided to ask for the conference
through the legislative representatives
of the engineers, trainmen and fire
men.
Because of the serious situation
hourly developing, if was decided to
seek the conference immediately.
Another message to the three legis
lative representatives signed hy the
three chief executives, gives details for
the urgency of the conference, made
necessary hy the flood of complaints
received
headquarters
at
regarding
working conditions on railroads since
the beginning of the shopmen's strike,
through brotherhood members being
asked to take out locomotives and
equipment in dangerous and unsafe
condition and of assaults and insults
to brotherhood members by armed
guards.
NOBODY PICKED BY
LABOR FOR PRIMARIES
Helena Conference Puts Off Action On
Candidates.—Committee Delegated
As Fir.iil Board Of Control
Helena.—No indorsement and no
elimination of candidates arrayed in
the primary contests so far as imme
diate political action is concerned was
the net result of the final session of
the executive committee elected at the
conference for progressive political
action, culminating two days of pro
gressive pow-wowing among the groups
of railway orotherhoods, Nonpartisan
league and labor organizations.
After all of the meetings of the vari
ous groups and several joint confer
ences, the executive committee of five
consisting of G. H. Young, Billings,
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen, chair
man; Robert Gondon, United Mine
Workers, .vice-chairman : C. A. Bolton,
Aiherton. Order of Railway Conduc
tors; E. H. Manson, Helena, secretary
of State Federation of Labor, and R. A.
Haste, Billings, Nonpartisan League,
secretary, was delegated ns the final
board of control and strategy.
To indorse or not to indorse was in
the power of this executive five and
the withholding of expressed prefer
ence of candidates was tlie decision of
prolonged deliberation, according to
the statement of Secretary Haste, who
was selected to direct the activities of
the organization.
The decision not to indorse, however,
it was clear, is not to be accepted as
Indication of a hands-off-policy, as it
is understood that the records of at
least the congressional find judicial
candidates were fairly well defined
and the discretion of voters believing
in the creed of the conference will he
relied on in picking nominees for the
November struggle.
Dr. Bell's Body At Rest
Baddeck, N. S.—All the villagers of
Baddeck trudged to the peak of Beinn
Bhreagh mountain and stood in rev
erence while the body of Dr. Alexander
Oraham Bell was laid tenderly to rest
after a life of 75 years in which he
gave to the world the telephone and
other inventions.
Restraint Made Injunction
San Francisco.—The Pullman com
pany and the Atchison. Topeka &
Santa Fe railway, which recently were
granted temporary restraining orders
against striking shop employes, have
been granted temporary injunctions by
the United States district court.
Burns Babe's Thumb With Hot Iron
Cincinnati.—Mrs. Joseph Weber was
released on $2.000 bond after she had
been arraigned in mnnieipal court on
a charge of cruelty for having burned
the thumbs of her 4-year-old son with
a hot smoothing iron.
Telegrapher Summons Strike Parley
Chicago.—E. J. Manion, president of
the Railway Telegraphers, has sent
letters to the heads of 12 railroad
unions not on strike suggesting a meet
ing to discuss tlie tendency to involve
their men in tfie shopmen's strike.
R. R. EXECUTIVES
REJECT PEACE PEAR
Government Regards Situation Criti
cal In Combination With Coal
Walkout
President Harding has
Washington.
the rail strike problem back in his
hands as a result of the refusal of the
railway executives at their meeting in
New York to accept the administration
settlement plan so far as the seniority
issue is concerned. There was no in
dication at the White House as to what
move, if any, the government planned
to make in the situation. It was con
sidered probable that Mr. Harding
would study carefully the text of the
executives' reply and that expected
from the labor leaders' meeting in Chi
cago, before reaching a decision.
From the government viewpoint,
the railroad strike is regarded as im
mediately serious, because of the exist
ing stoppage of coal production and
th-ere have been constant intimations
that the administration would he dis
posed to force a quick settlement of
the railroad difficulties in order to
cope with the coal stoppage, even at
the cost of some re-establishment of
the former control of railroads.
Cabinet members and associates of
the president have emphasized sharply
the contrast between their view of the
"seniority issue" and that taken by the
railroad executives, as expressed in
public statements of railroad heads
that the granting of the strikers' de
mands for a return of full seniority
rights would necessitate the d>* 'barge
of scores of thousands of efficient
workers hired to take their places have
been flatly denied in Informal discus
sions with newspaper correspondents.
It has been further represented in some
government circles that such men as
have been hired are of a character and
capacity which would make them suit
able us permanent employes.
S. GIVEN HINT TO
ERASE EUROPE'S BERT
Lloyd George Pleads England Can't
Clear Allies While Paying
Obligations Here
Txtndon.—The British foreign office
has Issued the text of an Important
note on the question of interallied
délits. Though not formally addressed
to the Washington government, having
been ostensibly meant only for some
of tlie allied and associated powers, it
evidently is intended primarily for con
sumption in the United States.
The note places on formal record, on
the eve of the coining conference be
tween Premier Poincare and Prime
Minister Lloyd George, with represent
atives of Italy ami Belgium, the British
government's views on the interallied
Indebtedness and reparations.
Brief!*', the policy advocated is that
It would be unjust to the British tax
payer to ask him to forgive allied war
debts while at the same time he was
required to shoulder the indebtedness
to America.
Obenchain Jury Discharged
Los Angeles.—The jury in the second
trial of Mrs. Madalynne Obenchain, for
the murder of J. Belton Kennedy, re
ported to Judge John W. Shenk it was
unable to agree upon a verdict and was
discharged.
The jury on its final ballot showed
a majority foV acquittal.
Fumes in Well Fatal To Two
Coeur d'Alene. Ida.—Overcome by
fumes of exploded picric acid, Fred
Beneke, aged 30, and Nels Johnson,
aged 60. farmers, were asphyxiated at
tlie bottom of a 30-foot well which they
were digging on the Beneke ranch, two
miles east of Garwood. Garwood is 14
miles north of here.
Glenn E. Plumb Dies
Washington.—Glenn K. Plumb, coun
sel for the 16 larger railroad organiza
tions and author of the celebrated
"Plumb Plan," of railroad operation
and ownership, is dead here. Death
was due to an affection of the heart
from which he had suffered for several
months.
1, 000,000 Tons of Coal Coming
Washington.—More than 1,000,000
tons of coal will be enroute to the
United States from Wales and the
east coast of England by September 1,
according to Vice President Small, of
the emergency fleet corporation.
Negro Hanged By Mob
Hot Springs, Ark.—Battering its way
Into the city jail here, a mob estimated
to number about 500 men. forced a
police guard to surrender Gilbert Har
ris, a negro, under arrest in connection
with the fatal wounding of an insur
ance solicitor, and hanged him to an
electric light pole.
Kills Seif With Rifle
Casper, Wyo.—Milton Heald, age 27,
shot and killed himself in his room
here. He used a 22 caliber rifle. The
coroner's verdict was that lie took his
life as a result of Ill health. Heald is
survived by his wife.
Former Irish Envoy To U. S. Killed
Dublin.—Harry J. Boland, former
representative of the Sinn Fein in the
United States, died in a hospital here
of wounds received while attempting to
evade capture by troops of tlie national
army.
TEXT Of REPLÏ
MARKING-TIME STAGE REACHED
AS PEACE BID DEADLOCKS.—
NO IMMEDIATE RESULTS
STRIKERS ACCEPT TERMS
If Executives Can Prove Ability To
Maintain Transportation, Presi
dent May Not Move
Again
Washington. — Further government
action in the railroad strike was held
In abeyance though railroad executives
who refused President Harding's sug
gestions for settlement were under
stood to have appraised administration
agencies that the door was still open
for negotiations.
If protection in seniority status ac
quired by shopmen who have continued
to work In spite of the strike could he
guaranteed, any basis of settlement the
president might find fair would he fa
vorably considered by the manage
ments, it was said. Tentative nego
tiation. it was added, had brought no
Immediate tangible results.
The president was said to be await
ing the text of the reply which union
leaders at Chicago were drafting to
his settlement proposals. Secretary
Hoover, who attended the session of
the road executives at New' York, saw
Mr. Harding, but said that no immo
late governmental steps were to be ex
pected.
Other cabinet members who saw the
president for discussion of strike mat
ters indicated the feeling that claims
of railroad managements as to their
ability to maintain transportation
would get a test during the next few
The officials left the inference
days.
that if the strike demonstrated symp
toms of dissolution, as predicted by
the carriers, the president might not
move again.
GREATEST FARM TEST
EVER STAGED IN U. S.
Three Big Railways Join M. D. A. In
Its Big Competition to Determine
Value Of Its Methods
With receipt of official notification
from the Great Northern railway,
Northern Pacific and the Milwaukee,
of $1,300 cash to be offered as prizes
in the state-wide summer tillage cor'
test, the Montana Development asso
ciation announces the completior of
a $12-,000 premium list, to he distribut
ed among the 4,000 competitors aid to
go to the producers of the largest
yields of standard winter or spring
wheat on a measured 20 acres of land.
It will be the greatest tillage test ever
staged in the United States.
A wire from J. G. Woodworth, vice
president of the Northern Pacific rail
way. announces that the Northen Pa
cific will give $500 in cash prizes 'o the
winners in the southern district, vhich
includes towns along the Northern Pa
cific from Wibaux to Dillon. A tele
gram from W. P. Kenney, vice presi
dent of the Great Northern, annomoes
similar amount to be given the win
ners in the northern district, which in
cludes loealitles along the Great Ncrth
ern railway from Plentywnnd to ~!ut
bank. R. M. Galkins, vice presidert of
the Milwaukee, announces the offering
of $300 cash to he divided among the
winners in the central Montana dis
trict in the localities along the Mil
wankee railway.
The Montana Development associa
tion's $1.000 offered will he divided
into three parts. $333 for each district
In the state. Thirteen implement and
machinery houses also have offered
prizes.
a
Marines Oust Oil Forces From Teapot
Casper, Wyo..—United States ma
rines In command of Capt. George
Shuler stood guard over a well on sec
tion 20 of the Teapot naval oil re
serve, 40 miles north of here, having
carried out orders of Assistant Secre
tary of the Navy Roosevelt to oust
drillers for the Mutual Oil company
who are said to have continued opera
tions in defiance of interior depart
ment orders.
Europe Must Disarm First
Washington.—Asserting that the Bal
four note to the allied nations concorn
ing war debts really was intended for
the United States, Senator Borah of
Idaho. Republican, member of the
senate foreign relations committee,
sharply attacked suggestions for can
cellation of war debts. Senator Borah
issued a statement declaring that
any debt renunciation would have to
be preceded by European disarmament.
Inventor Of Telephone Dead
iSldney. N. S.—Dr. A. G. Bell, in
ventor of tlie telephone, died at his es
tate near Baddeck. Although the in
ventor had been in falling health for
several months, he had not been con
fined to bed and death was nnexpectel.
60 Shop Workers Raided
Des Moines, In.—Eighty rail strike
sympathizers raided the Chicago Gmt
Western roundhouse in South I*s
Moines and attacked more than (0
railroad workers employed in tie
shops.
!
0 4'
*
VACUUM TUBE WHEN
USED AS AMPLIFIER
It Will Function Thus for Either
Radio Frequency or Audio
Frequency.
Starting today we shall give a de
filed description of the vacuum tube
■vlien used as an amplifier. Tills series,
is in the past, is continuous and if
dipped out and saved will be con
,-enlent for reference.
When the three-electrode vacuum
:ube was used as a detector, the cir
cuits associated wifh it were such
;hat where a symmetrical alternating
lifference was applied to the grid,
i symmetrical change in plate current
resulted. That is to say, the vacuum
;ube acted as a rectifier. In addition
to rectifying, the tube also amplified.
The variation in plate circuit was "K,"
vhere "K" is the amplification con
îtant of the tube, times what it would
iave been in a two-electrode tube, for
:he same potential impressed on the
?rid.
By properly adjusting the electrical
constants of the circuits associated
ivith a three-electrode tube, symmetri
77 / V
&
6
o
17
y o
>1
j tont berse
y
t «
'S s|
z
o
o
•»
S t
lb*
I
/
î
o
I
\r
î
; L.'
_ î
1
v:
lui
v \

JL
X
Î
•K
*
<5 /?,
5)
I
V,
I
V.
t
I
*
!
I
V3
î
î
î
S3
î
!
3n
I
I
1
f
I
I
I
I
I
I
8
I
»
«
I
I
I
*
I
O
G-f'/c/ Ph XerrX/e?/
/ÿj. .ÄXIII
cal variations of grid potential can be
made to produce symmetrical varia
tion in plate current, which are "K"
times tlie amplitude of tlie plate cir
cuit variations of a similar two-elec
trode value with the same applied
grid potential. This means that if a
three-electrode value be used in the
proper circuits in a radio receiver, the
signals can be made to appear as
though .the received signal, Is "K"
times as strong as it actually is. If
two tubes are used with their proper
circuits in conjunction with a radio
receiver tlie received signals will ap
pear to be "K" times as strong as they
actually are and so the apparent
strength of the Incoming signal is
multiplied by "K" for each additional
tube added to the receiver circuit.
A vacuum tube used in conjunction
with a circuit that will cause the plate
current to vary in exact proportion
to the applied grid voltage, but ap
parently caused by "K" times the ac
tual grid voltage variation, is called
an amplifier. If the tube functioning
amplifier is used ff) amplify the
as an
Incoming signal at radio frequency be
fore it is rectified by the detector, it
is termed a radio frequency amplifier.
If the tube functioning as an amplifier
is used after the incoming radio fre
quency has been rectified by the de
tector. it is termed an audio frequency
amplifier.
Returning again to the character
istic curve of tlie three-electrode vac
uum tube, shown in Figure 23,
notice its shape. Suppose that a pos
itive potential was applied to the
grid by means of a "O" battery so
that the tube would function at a
point represented by "A"
characteristic curve,
plied grid potential from the "C" bat
he reduced by an amount rep-1
on the
If now the ap
rery
resected by A-B In Figure 23 the
corresponding reduction in plate cur
rent will be represented by B-E. On
the other hand If tlie grid potential
be increased by an amount repre
sented by A-C, where A-O equals B-C,
the corresponding increase in plate
current is C-D.
If the portion of the characteristic
in the region of E-A-D is a
curve
straight line, then O-D will equal B
E, or so long as the working
falls within straight line portion of
4he characteristic curve, symmetrical
changes In grid potential will
symmetrical changes in plate current.
From tills it can be seen that if the
working point "A" be selected
the bend of the characteristic ci
symmetrical changes in grid pdfcntial
will not cause symmetrical chr«e
plate current. Since the plgt
variation in such case woidA" 111
slight relation f*the grid"vai^
potential, the output of the tubidajruld
be distorted. Vn
In applying amplifiers to^ r<f
sets used to pick radiophone
distortion is one of the greatest dif
ficulties to overcome.
range
cause
near
urve.
s in
mt
at.
th*i it,
e
;ing
ons.
Too strong
signals will result in decreased am
plification.
plied variation in grid potential were
10 times that shown in the example,
the plate current would not change
10 times as much, because of the
bends in the curve, due to saturation.
Finally, a condition can be reached
where the use of an •inpiifier tube
will decrease the signal strength be
cause of flie saturation of the tube.
The rectified incoming signals would
be louder without the use of the ampli
in Figure 28, if the ap
fier tube, because of the inability of
the plate current of the tube caused
by saturation to increase in propor
tion to the signal strength.
There are, in general, two factors
that can be taken from the charac
teristic curve and the second is the
length of the straight portion of the
curve.
The slope of the straight por
/
tion of the curve determines the arn
The more
plification of the tube,
nearly vertical the straight portion
of the curve is, the greater will be
the change in plate current for ^
given change in grid potential, or In
other words, the louder will be the
response in the telephone receivers
corresponding to a given received
signal. The length of the straight
portion of the curve determines the
maximum variation in grid potential
that will cause the tube to function
properly without distortion.
TIPS TO RADIOISTS
At Muncie, Ind., bacon was j
fried by means ot a radio cur- \
rent. At last an explanation for |
that "frying" noise.
Gifford Pinchot, nominated for !
governor of Pennsylvania by the I
vote of the people, acknowl- j
edges his great indebtedness to |
the radio. A primary coil no [
doubt played an important part. \
An inventor of Chicago claims |
to have invented radio apparatus I
that permits of successful com- |
munication with the spirits. |
We hope that tlie anti-prohibi- |
tionists will not misinterpret j
this claim.
The police department of I
Portland, Ore., lias asked for an |
appropriation for radio receiv- I
ing and broadcasting stations |
and to equip the police automo- |
biles with radio apparatus. Cop- j
per wire, it is needless to say, |
will be used.
Lord Northcllffe, famous Eng- |
lish editor, In speaking of the |
future of journalism, recently |
predicted that radio would have I
an effect upon the publication [
of newspapers that will equal |
the invention of tlie linotype I
and high-speed press. He said |
j that radio would undoubtedly |
{ come into general use of news- i
I papers and newsgathering agen- |
I cies.
i
HER AILMENTS
ALL CONE NOW
Mr«. Sherman Helped by
Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg
etable Compound
Lake, Michigan.—' 'Aboutone year ago
I suffered with irregularities and a weak
ness and at times was
obliged to stay off my
feet. I doctored with
family physician
and he finally said he
could not understand
my case, so I decided
to try Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable
Compound. After I
had taken the first
bottle I could see
that I was getting
better. I took several
es of the Vegetable Compound and
used Lydia E. Pinkham's Sanative Wash
and I am entirely cured of my ailments.
You may publish this letter if you
wish.''—Mrs. Maky Shebman, Route 2,
Lake, Mich.
There is one fact women should con
our
|i
sider and that is this. Women suffer from
irregularities and various forms of weak
ness. They try this and that doctor, as
well as different medicines. Finally they
take Lydia E. Pinkham's Compound,
and Mrs. Sherman's experience is simply
another case showing the merit of this
well-known medicine.
If your family physician fails to help
you and the same old troubles persist,
why isn't it reasonable to try Lydia E.
X Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Î
He that gives to a grateful man
puts out to usury.
To insure glistening-white table
linens, use Red Cross Ball Blue In your
laundry. It never disappoints. At all
good grocers.—Advertisement.
Many a fellow has more money than
brains, who isn't rich, either.
Shave With Cuticura Soap
And double your razor efficiency as
well as promote skin purity, skin com
fort and skin health. No mug, no
slimy soap, no germs, no waste, no irri
tation even when shaved twice daily.
One soap for all uses—shaving bathing
and shampooing.—Advertisement.
First negro slaves were imported
to this country in 1619.
Makes Hard Work Harder
A bad back makes a day's work
twice as hard. Backache usually comes
from weak kidneys, and if headaches,
dizziness or urinary disorders are added,
don't wait—get help before the- kidney
disease takes a grip—before dropsy,
gravel or Bright's disease sets in.
Doan's Kidney Pills have brought
new life and new strength to thousands
of working men and women,
and recommended the world over.
Ash your neighbor!
A Montana Case
J. H. Jones, retired
stationary engineer,
346 Lupfer Ave.,
Whitefish, Mont.,
says; "A few years
ago my kidneys were
out of order. My
worst suffering was
with lumbago. My
back was weak and
often sharp, cutting
pains darted across
my kidneys. The
kidney secretions
passed entirely too
freely. I used Doan's Kidney Pllld
and a few boxes completely cured me."
Get Doan's st Any Store, 60c a Bos
KIDNEY
PILLS
FOSTER-MILBURN CO., BUFFALO, N. Y.
Used
r
* I
II
DOAN'S
Piles
are usually due to straining
when constipated.
Nujol being a lubricant
keeps the food waste soft
and therefore prevents
straining. Doctors prescribe
Nujol because it not only
soothes the suffering of
piles but relieves the irrita
tion,
helps to remove them.
Nujol is a
lubricant—not
a medicine or
laxative — so
cannot gripe.
Try it today.
l!
A LUBRICANT-NOT A LAXATIVE
g T TSEFUL for all the
H little ailments—
j bumps, bruises, sores,
" sunburn and chafing.
Keep a bottle in the
house. It's safe and
1 pure. It costs very little.
CHESEBROUGH MFG. CO.
(Consolidated)
State Street
New York
rVaseline'
y
„vom.

xml | txt