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Eigihty=oee Years in West
66 Is Title of Book by Pioneer 9 o to s m (By MBS. M. E. PLASSMANN) T THE annual meetings of Montana pioneers, there was one man who rarely failed to be present. He was with us at Butte where the society convened in 1928, but this proved to be his last meeting, as he passed into the Great Beyond shortly afterwards at the advanced age of 87 years. With commendable foresight, he had told the story of his life and this paper covered volume that held it he always carried with him to the meetings, find ing in the pioneers many ready custo It - was entitled "Eighty-one Years in the West, by George A. Bruf fey.'' Its frontispiece is a picture of the author, a handsome man with long hair and full beard worn in the fashion of 1870 or thereabouts, with keen dark eyes, and which belied his age. I purchased one of these books at the Port Benton meeting and its front page Is inscribed in the uncertain hand writing of the very old; "Pocahontas Co., Va., 1842; Davis Co., Missouri, 1844; Knoxville, la., 1847; Omaha, Neb., 1862; Denver, Col., May, 1863; Alder Gulch, Nov., 1864; Now Port Benton, Mont., July 18, 1926. To Mrs. Plass mann." Then is added his signature A mers. himself in a manner The years listed were the milestones of Mr. Bruffey's life, begining with his birth in "Ole Virginny" to the last date mentioned. Many persons of today seem to think adventure was sadly lacking for those pioneers who were never in peril from Indians. Through all the 152 pages of this little volume there is no mention of even one hair breadth escape from attacking savages, or whatever our Indians were called, and yet the book is full of adventure. It began with the day in Missouri when he, little more than a baby, was placed by his father on a left to watch the logs thing came out he was told to call his father, who had run to the house for help. He saw nothing until the as sembled family, armed with hand spikes, pulled the logs apart, when out from their midst issued a rattlesnake "seven feet ten inches in length." I give Mr. Bruffey's estimate, although it surpasses the length of any Rocky mountain rattlesnake I have chanced to meet, and I have met a goodly num and high stump beneath. If any her. Of course the snake was soon killed, but that did not end the story. In the ardor of the attack the snake was cut in two, when out came "six or seven young ones, each about a foot long. Father said that he had heard a low whistle, saw the mother open her mouth tor an instant and saw the whole brood run down her throat. Her size was about five inches in diameter." This account may be of interest to naturalists, and in my opinion, consti tuted quite an adventure for a two or three year old child on whose memory the scene was indelibly photographed. Prom the milestones it will be no ticed that Mr. Bruffey began to follow Horace Greeley's injunction to "Go west, young man," in 1862, reaching Denver in 1863. One incident of his journey to the latter point is worth narrating. While on his way from Omaha, he saw a man who had with him 500 turkeys he bought in Missouri and Iowa. These » Why tolerate Pimples Blackheads and BandmfTt Cutlenra Soap and Cuticnra Ointment will quickly and economically purify preserve your skin and »mir and • ÜT*, Ü b î Ü sîuT e Tl T I WELL OR MONEY BACK Yo ur Pi les eliminated or fee refunded -is the WRITTEN ASSURANCE we give in adminisler ^ ing the Dr. C. J. Dean famous non-surgical method of treat ment (Used by us exclusively) \ Remarkable success also with otherRectalandColonailments, Send TODAY for FREE 100 \ paee hook giving details and hundreds of testimonials. .DEAN RECTAL^ COLON CLINIC SEATTbC - SAN FRANCISCO - LOS ANGELES MENTION THIS ****" «H CM wmriNC S.O. Huseth Optometrist and Optician GREAT FALLS. MONTANA Something to get "Set Up" Over WASHOE 4 4 Bear Creek COAL The Finest in the State BUY MONTANA PRODUCTS For Sale hy Dealers Everywhere he drove like a flock of sheep, the leisurely gait of the ox team permitting him to do this. His wagon was filled with shelled corn to feed them in part. For the rest, they lived well on grass hoppers they found along the way. In this turning of a curse into a blessing, the man mentioned had a follower in the northern part of Montana. During the grasshopper plague a few years ago, this farmer gathered in a tidy sum from his flock of turkeys, who not only fattened themselves but protected the crops of their owner from the de vastation following a grasshopper in vasion. Mr. Bruffey says the turkeys roosted all over the wagon of their owner and on the ground. Ordinarily it proved an easy task to drive them, except when the wind came from the west. Then "you may be sure the boys had their hands full. They wore out a good many pairs of moccasins on that trip," yet they, both boys and turkeys, arrived safely in Denver, when the latter were sold tor a goodly sum. In 1864 Mr. Bruffey left Denver for the Montana gold diggings, reaching Alder gulch in November of that year. He came in time to witness the trial and subsequent hanging of George Ives, of which he tells in his autobi ography, coinciding that of Dimsdale and Langford. He had located at Nevada City and the next day after the hanging, notic ing that few of the miners remained in town, man's natural curiosity led him and a few others to start out on a tour of investigation in the direction of Vir ginia City. They had not gone far be fore they reached territory where guards were making their rounds. No ob jection was made to their passing over the line, but once over they received the startling information that no one could reverse the operation. They were within the designated limits where they must remain. Submitting to the inevitable, the men kept on towards the center of town. Entering a building, states Mr. Bruffey, they saw "five men on boxes about four feet high with ropes around their necks and then thrown over a beam. I climbed up the wall and looked in. I knew only one man—Jack Gallagher. The crowd had made a miscount—they had six ropes but only five men. They stood in the following succession: Haze Lyons, Jack Parrish, Clubfoot George, Jack Gallagher and Boone Helm. Jack Gallagher was frothing and swearing. They were offered a drink of whisky and all took a swig except Lyons. "The first hung was Lyons; he swung around and did not kick much. Parrish struggled hard. Clubfoot went quietly. Gallagher swùng off and died hard with oaths. Then Boone Helm said: 'Kick away, Jack, it's my turn next. Every man for his principles. Hurrah for Jeff Davis!' Boone sprang up, kicked out the box himself, but was soon still." Following the hanging Charles S. Braggs, who had so ably assisted Col onel Sanders in the trial of Ives, ex plained that the men hung richly de served their fate; that they would have been convicted in any court and that they had boasted that the pirate's flag would wave over the town before spring. This set those who heard him to think ing; "Who would ever have known what became of me if I had been killed by these men, since few of my asso ciates knew where I was from?" It will readily be admitted by. any who passed through those experiences that the journey by ox teams across the plains in 1863-64, together with the struggle to establish law and order here, was sufficient adventure to satisfy the average man or woman, without the in troduction of Indians to render it more melodramatic. Mr. Bruffey had these experiences, lived through them and settled doÿn later into that type citizen which has contributed through industry and thrift to the upbuilding of the state. All this is narrated in the little volume from which I have quoted so extensively. The author was a son of the south land and always loyal to It although most of his life was spent in the north. However, the years taught him toler ance, as it should everyone, and he came to see that sectional feeling was largely the result of early environment. of <8> Hauser Lake Has Many Boats Flathead lake, said to lead the state in motor boats, must watch its laurels. An agency tor boats at Helena is doing a brisk business and soon Hauser lake, 16 miles from Helena, will be dotted with craft. A boat club long has plied the lake and a dozen boats annually winter there. The lake, formed by backwater Missouri, offers a course 32 miles long. It is situated amid some of the wildest and most beautiful scenery in the state. » There is no good in arguing with the inevitable. The only argument avail able with an East wind is to put on your overcoat.—Lowell. CHICHESTER S PILLS V ^ TU JE DIAMOND BRAND. A Mdletl Aik yonr Drugflsl for botes, sealed -with Bloc Ribbon. and Gold metallic VrnrrUU A,k fee (' "Æ-îdÆ MTEB S DIAMOND ItOAND PILLS, fe w H yeaxs known as Best, Safest, Always Reliable SOLO BY DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE STATE BRIEFS Malta—Malta residents have voted to furnish the city with gas. Anaconda— Dr. O. C. Evans, 60, for more than 35 years a resident of Ana conda, died here after a three weeks' illness. Turner—Harry Bradley, working for George Petrie at herding sheep, was instantly killed by lightning during a heavy rainstorm which covered the Big Plat. Columbia Falls—Improvements are being made in the tourist park that adjoins Columbia Falls and is within the incorporated limits, which gives the park police protection. Missoula—The annual meeting of the Montana Society of Pioneers and the junior organization will be held in Great Palls during the first week of August, Prank D. (Sandbar) Brown, announces. Anaconda—Bankers of groups 3 and 6 of the Montana Bankers' association discussed business problems and elect ed officers at a one-day meeting here. The banquet was attended by more than 50 delegates. Dim—Paul Strunk, a farmer living south of here, was killed when his automobile overturned on the road four miles south of Ulm and one mile from his ranc the oygn Deer Lodge—! the 1930 convention site, and Miss Catherine Harrington, Butte, was elect at the annual convention i. He was crushed beneath unted car. oula was chosen as of Montana Business and Professional Women's clubs here. ' Chinook—W. C. Blackwood was re elected president at a meeting of the Northern Montana Stockmen's associa tion here. Roy Black is the elected ex ecutive committeeman and Thomas A. Ross, secretary-treasurer. Conrad—Ethan Boozer and Pilot L. A. Donaldson have returned from Mar shall, Mo., with a new Barling mono plane. This is the second plane to be brought to Conrad for the new airplane company of Boozer Bros. Helena—Books from the library of the late John P. Porbis, once one of the state's leading attorneys, have been presented to the state historical library. They were donated by his daughter, Marjorie E. Porbis of Dilley, Ore. Warm Springs—Plans for construc tor crimin e state hos tlon of the new building ally insane patients at th pital here are virtually completed, R. C. Hugenin of the firm of Shanley, Wilson & Hugenin at Butte announces. Malta—Miss Clara Crulckshank, 24, and Miss Myra Marjerrison, 17, were drowned in a reservoir on a ranch 18 miles from here. The younger woman attempted to aid her companion. The tragedy was witnessed by a 5-year-old boy. Valier—A soldiers' monument con sisting of a bronze tablet, the gift of the Legion auxiliary, mounted on a ce ment pillar, the gift of post 36 of the American Legion, was dedicated at Lake View cemetery here Decoration day. Anaconda — Anaconda's swimming pool at Washoe park is to be opened for the benefit of the school children as soon as school closes, it was an nounced. E. P. Brogan, principal of charge. „ , , . . Hogeiand—Arrangements are well under day tor the big three-day Fourth of July celebration to be held here, Some contracts have been closed and the people of Hogeiand will provide means to show visitors over the big level stretch of fanning country sur rounding the town. Roy—More than 400 horses, roaming wild on the ranges, were rounded up and herded into the corrals at Boy, where ownfers were permitted, to claim and brand their colts. Some of the horses were sold to a horsemeat pack ing concern and those claimed were turned out on the range. Wolf Point—A considerable quantity of intoxicating liquor was discovered in cars parked outside of Benrud hall, 30 miles north of Wolf Point on the Port Peck reservation, while a dance was in progress. The raid was conducted by Superintendent Eggers of the Fort Peck agency and tour deputies. Harlem—Contractors are busy re pairing the county roads between here and Chinook. Besides widening and raising the roads are to be re-graveled. The condition of the soil in the valley makes it practically impassable for traffic following a rain unless the roads have a good gravel surface. Cardwell—The old story that a kid with a pin hook can catch more fish than a regular angler with an expen sive outfit proved true here when Iris Saunders landed a five-pound rain bow trout with a small hook, an old fish line and a willow pole, while sit ting idly on the bank of the Jefferson river waiting for suckers to bite. The largest drive in the Missoula district is now in progress at Priest River, according to Harold Townsend, chief surveyor for the forest service, recently returned to that city from an extensive survey at the outlet of Priest lake. There are more than 50, 000,000 feet of timber in the drive which is the combined footage of five logging concerns, Mr. Townsend said, The drive this year is being handled by the Delcana Lumber company, with a crew of about 20 men. Ae lumber companies of that section work on a co-operative basis. Mr. Townsend has spent some time in the Priest river country collecting data for a report to the federal power commission on a proposed power site for the city of Sandpolnt. At the present time Sandpolnt pur chases its power from the Mountain States Power compan. The city plans to erect a municipal water power plant at the outlet of Priest lake. Great Falls—George W. Hey of this city has discovered that 12 sticks of wood glued just inside the belly of a violin will cast the mellowing Influence of a cent United S over the instrument. The s patent office, after two years of consideration, has acknowl edged Mr. Key's claims and patent papers were issued to him April 30. Sidney—Jess Connor, extensive Rich land county wheat farmer and hog raiser with seed wheat still in the bin tor late sowing, has stopped all farm ing operations and is feeding the wheat to hogs, claiming that the grain at this time is the cheapest hog feed on the market. Connor is the man who first used cheap horses tor hog feed when the Miles City horse markets went to pieces shortly after the close of the war. Largest Log Drive Now in Progress in Priest District Gamp Eridksoe Prepared .... „ jramj Guard Assembles Jume'l NDER the direction of Col. E. H. Williams as camp commander, 1,200 members of the Montana National guard will gather at Camp Erickson on the Fort Harrison military reserva tion June 15, tor a 15-day field camp, it is announced at national guard head ouarters at Helena. Maj. Joseph C. Thomas will be senior instructor of the regiment. To assist in the training of the na tional guard the war department de tails from the regular army selected officers and men tor each state. Mon tana has three officers and tour ser geants. Camp Erickson, established on 600 acres of the reservation at the expense of the federal government, has cost to date $45,000, Colonel Williams said. The camp has the following improvements: 16 kitchens and mess halls combined, with a seating capacity of 1,200; tour batalllon-type latrines and showers, a permanent water supply, electric lights, a warehouse, office building and a hot water system for the shower baths. The camp also has a completely equipped target range and bayonet course. Sev eral weeks ago contracts were let tor approximately $5,000 worth of improve ments. An incinerator, heaters for the shower baths and the electric lighting u be completed when the guardsmen ar rive. Come on Special Trains The troops will arrive on two special trains. The Great Northern special will bring companies from Scobey, Froid, Bainvllle, Culbertson, Poplar, Glasgow, Harlem and Chinook. Companies from Kalispell and Lewis town board this special at Great Palls. A special over thè Northern Pacific making up at Bil lings will carry troops from Sidney, Miles City, Billings, Livingston, Boze man and Whitehall. The Harlowton company will Join the special at Lom bard. Each unit of the national guard holds weekly armory drills at its home sta tion. The federal government pays the troops tor each drill attended. The state sends each year at government expense a rifle team from the regiment to the national rifle matches at Camp Perry, Ohio. Selected officers and en listed men are sent each year to the infantry school at Port Benning,' Geor gia. Each company of the regiment ias an out-door range on which prac tice is held each summer with the weapons with which -the company is armed. These weapons consist of rifles, automatic rifles, pistols, machine guns, 37 M. M. cannon, trench mortars, hand and rifle grenades. Each company arrives at the camp completely equipped to take the field and prepared for camp except heavy tentage, which is stored at the state arsenal. Truck and wagon transporta tion also is furnished at the camp. Takes Quantity of Chow Each company has a cook and op erates its own mess. Cost of food for the regiment amounts to approximately $500 each day of the camp. Colonel Williams has issued a list of foods and amounts used the 15 which tons of flour, 612 ; shows approximate quantities of food -used. The 1,200 men will eat about three tons of bread, four and a half tons of beef, 60 tons of potatoes, a half ton of bacon, nearly a ton of ham, a half ton of lard and of butter, three fourths of a ton of coffee, 13 tons of sugar, 13,680 eggs, 15 gallons of milk, 80 pounds of cocoa, 93 pounds of tea, 600 pounds of cabbage and onions, 300 pounds of carrots, 315 pounds of macaroni, 61 cases of com, 46 cases of peas, 45 cases of evaporated milk, 61 cases of tomatoes, 21 cases of jam, 45 gallons of pickles, 78 pounds of crackers and numerous other foods in somewhat smaller quantities. The regimental chaplain and his as sistants have charge of recreation in camp, the schedule providing about two hours a day for athletics and games. OLD ADVENTURER VISITS HELENA WAS TROOPER IN WEST IN 1883 AND IS RENEWING OLD ACQUAINTANCES Has Been a Sailor, Miner, Soldier, Wild West Rider and Steeplejack; Has Had Many Narrow Escapes From Death in Years of Globe Trotting. He doesn't look his age nor does he present the appearance of a man who has been through enough experiences to afford a regiment of every day citizens, material sufficient to fill a book, several books in fact. But John Bradley, of Pittsburgh, Pa., who ad mits he rounded the 70th milestone April 15th last, has a pair of eyes that are keen as ever with a twinkle in their depths that betray the adven tureous spirit which has moved him throughout life. Aside from a missing finger on his right hand and perhaps a few hunks of ore and other foreign substances in his anatomy, he's escaped serious trouble considering his hazardous career as sailor, soldier, buckaroo, wild west rider and steeplejack. He dropped into Hel ena recently to visit an old friend, Maurice J. "Trooper" O'Leary, whom he knew along with "Smoky" McConnell back In the days when all three were in Helena in the early 80's. Bradley, back in 1883, was a member of Company I, Second Ü. S. infantry which was sent into the northwest and particularly in the Coeur d'Alene dis trict to guard prospectors from Indians. Tackass Spur at the time was the terminus of the Northern Pacific and jrovided the only line of communica tion to Port Couer d'Alene, In addiiton to his experiences as a soldier, Bradley has been a sailor and visited many parts of the world in ms younger days. He has rounded Cape Horn and Cape Good Hope twice and has climbed the highest steeples in eastern cities, once shook hands with Queen Victoria and was one ox survivors of the bark Iodine wrecked ^Jnce ^ was ^associate of Buffalo gjjj Cody and Pawnee Bill and traveled « ^ west show in the United states and in Europe. He has fought Indians, had a part in the Modoc war and was two years chief scout in Trans vaa i ( Africa, under Dellara, Boer leader, interesting stories he tells of Colonel Cody and his experiences with the wild west show. He is still in the thick of things, although times have changed, He is ever seeking adventure and ex pects to keep moving Always he has a lot of fun and that is why he remains youthful and interested in life. ♦ Each company brings to camp its ganized ball teams, track men, boxers, and they compete with the other panics tor cups, trophies and medals. The awarding of these cups and medals Is one of the big events of the rinsing days of camp. The training schedule tor camp starts the regiment off at 5:45 a. m. and con tinues up to supper at 6 p. m. During the first week of camp each company specializes its training according to or ganization and weapons. The first week includes close order drill, extended or der drill, airplane defense, gas defense, and specialist training. During the second week the regiment takes up the training of officers and companies in tactical formations, range firing and parade. Parades are scheduled for the following dates; June 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26 and 27. At least one parade will be held in the city of Helena. National Guard Reorganized The national guard furnished 17 of the 42 divisions that were sent to Prance, before the Armistice. After the war and under the provisions of the national defense act the national guard was reorganized. This reorgan ization was based on our experiences during the war and the fighting 1 abil ity of the national guard therein. or com The national guard is now organized into complete divisions. Including tanks and air units. It also has coast defense artillery and naval units. The strength in the United States is approximately 185,000. The war department has allotted to Montana one regiment of infantry. This regiment is designated by the war department the 163rd infantry and is a part of the 41st division. The regi ment is composed of nine rifle com panies, three machine gun companies, three bataillon headquarters compan ies, regimental headquarters company, howitzer company, service company a medical detachment. A total of 19 companies are located in the state. and WESTERN DOCTORS TOLD ABOUT TICK DR. R. A. COOLEY RELATES HIS EXPERIENCES ON HUNT IN AFRICA Entomologist Lectures on Tnleraemia, Another Disease Caused by Tick; Hamilton Laboratory Is Inspected. Next Meeting at Missoula. The Western Montana Medical as sociation at Hamilton was told of the work now being done by the stete board of entomology States public health bating Rocky Mountain spotted fever, by Dr. R. A. Cooley, secretary of the board, in an address delivered at the Masonic temple. and the United service in com Dr. Cooley told of his adventures during the past year In the wilds of Africa where he went in search of a tick parasite which it is hoped will prove effectual in combating the tick fever. The thrills of big game hunting combined with the scientific work pro vlded an entertaining and instructive lecture for the group of medical men. Dr. R. R. Parker, entomologist at the laboratory, told of his findings with re gards to the disease known as tulerae mia also said to be caused by the tick. The visiting medicos were taken through the laboratory and the work of experimenting described by Dr. Cooley and Dr. Parker. Dr. Herbert Hayward of Hamilton was In charge of the program. Dr. John T. Holmes of Missoula presided at the session. Those in attendance were Drs. J. P. S. Marshall, W. N. McPhail, J. 'J. Flynn, J. P. Ritchie, G. P. McCullough, J. D. Hobson, Holmes W. J. Marshall, J. G. Randall, A. R. Foss, G. M. Jennings, W. N. King, Williams Heimstra, Mis soula; A. W. Rew, Thompson Palls; P. H. Rennlck, Stevensvllle; N. A. Kaa, Corvallis; Herbert Hayward, George McGrath, G. A. Gordon, H. D. Brown ing, Hamilton; R. A. Cooley, R. R. Parker and P. J. O'Donnell of the state board of entomology. The next meeting will be held at Missoula in the early fall, it was stated by Dr. Hobson. The visiting physic! and their wives were guests of the local physicians at a banquet held at "Aunt Tish's" place. ans AGENTS WANTED Super Maid Cook-Ware Corp. Is now appointing agents and representatives in every county in Montana to demonstrate and sell waterless al uminum cooking utensils. Mail in quiries and applications to W. Eiken, Disf. and State Manager 114 Central Ave. Great Falls, Montana $500 Ready Cash Paid to Your Widow on the Very Day of Your Death <« Think what it will mean to your wife to have $500 cash with which to meet funeral and other expenses, Just when cash is most needed! NO PHYSICAL EXAMINATION is required for this special form which is written on a "selected risk plan" based on the insured's expectancy of life. The rate is lower than for any other form of insurance for the length of time it has to ran. IT IS AN VP TO DATE POLICY, providing cash, loan and ex tended insurance values and may be converted at any time into a life or endowment policy. WRITE FOB FURTHER DETAILS Lewis & Clark Life Insurance Co. 'Oat West Where There'. Elbow Boom" Home Office, Great Falls, Montana O. Bassett, General Manager Ti OHNSON HOTEL fit« storle« of solid comfort. heart of the oltj. Bus _ all trains. Fireproof; strictly flrst La âa to from _ class. Great Falls. Montana. "Your Meal Befere Tear Eyes" The Club Cafeteria "DAN" AND "MACK" Great Falla. Mont. 418 Central Aye. OHEAP RANCHES And farms for sale on easy terms. Small down payment, low Interest. Stock randies and farms for rent. FBARY A BURLINGAME r.BKAT FALLS. MONTANA Poultry Wanted We are always In tbs market for all kinds Dressed—Write for prices. MONTANA MEAT & COMMISSION CO.i 2808 8. Montana St. Bntte. Montana of poultry—Live or 9 New Finlen HOTEL, Butt», Mon tana, fireproof with all outside rooms. Bates $2.00 and np. SPECIAL ELECTRICAL FIXTURES No where In Montana will you find a stock equal to ours. Wiring or elec trical contracts figured. write ns. CASCADE BLBCTBIO CO.. Orest Falls. Maat FIBE PBOOF BATES $1.50 CT LEGGAT HOTEL BUTTE, MONTANA WWW UNEXCELLED HOG FOOD Lut year m eendneted a VITAMONT Hag Feeding centeit. It was wen by Hr. Ivor Kval ef Columbus, Stillwater esan ty, who had a daUy gain ef 2.88 pennda, or a net gain of 188.8 pounds daring a sixty day period. VITAMONT pato dol lars In the pockets of the Hog Feeder. Ask Tsar Local Dealer ar Writ# Hansen Packing Co. Batte. Héntana R AINBOW Third and TT/'\T' 1? T First N. HUl AVJL THE gathering placé of all Montana. The place you meet your state wide host of friends. The center of activity In Mon tana's City of Activity. Let us help you enjoy Great Falls—you are always welcome. Oroat Fall* I Montana's Finest Dining Room in Connection ,T)ININO HERB—you are our guest and you will find In our service the true spirit of hospitality. . Good Food—Well Prepared Wedding rings were worn by the ancients and put upon the wedding finger from a supposed connection with a vein there with the hèart. WILL DO ALL IT CLAIMS TO DO Mrs. Steele Says of Lydia E. Pinh ham's Vegetable Compound Pratt, W. Va.— "I was so weak and nervous that I was in bed most all the time and coudn't sit up and 1 am only 30 years old. I saw your adver tising in a maga zine and after I had taken three doses of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege table Compound I could feel that I was better. After taking two bottles I began doing my work and I feel like a new woman. I recommend the Vegetable Compound to my friends and say it will do all It claims to do and more. I will gladly answer all letters I receive."—Mas. S. E. Steele, Pratt, W. Va.