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Sunlight Not White but Blue.
Since the time of Newton it has been assumed that all the radiations of the Bun were to be found in the spectrum, and that these reunited make white light. There is also a Licit assump tion that white light is pure sunlight. Some of the early experiments at Alle gheny have been mentioned which showed that the light, as we receive it, has been somewhat altered by the sun s atmosphere. The change is an absorp tion of rays from the blue end of the spectrum. It follows that our sunlight is more red and less blue, and far less intense than it would be if the solar atmosphere did not intervene, Bn; wo are concerned with something nearer home. Our own atmosphere repeats the performance, strangles many ray 3 at the blue end of the spectrum, and comparative y few at the red end. What does this mean ? Let us shake hands with our friend who wears green goggles. We, too, have all our lives seen things in a false light. If Ave could place ourselves outside our' at mosphere—say on the moon—we should find that sunlight is not white; that t te sun itself is really blue. To the in habitants of "other worlds than ours" the sun may be a bluer star than Vega. —William C. Wyckojf t in Harper's Magazine. The World's Principal Tin Mines. The princiyial tin-producing country is England. The Phoenicians traded with England for tin 1,100 years before the Christian era. There it reason to believe that they got tin from Spain also ; but England was depended on for nearly all the tin used in Europe untL this ore was discovered in Germany in 1210. It Avas discovered in Northern Africa, in the Barbary States, in 1010 in India in 1710; in New Spain in 1782. Tin was mined in Mexico before the Spanish conquest, andusedinT-sliapec pieces for money, and in a bronze com position for sharp tools ; the principal mines being at Tasco. Peru has valu able mines of this metal; so have New South Wales, Australia and Baaca, and Malacca in the Malay peninsula. Tin has been discovered in Pennsylvania, Missouri, California and other States of the Union, but not in quantities to tempt capital to^engage in mining it. The chief tin-producing countries are the following, arranged in the order of importance: England, about 10,000tons a}ear; Malacca, about 8,500 tons; Au stralia, about 6,000 tons; Banca, about 4,000 tons, and Billiton, about 3,000 tons. Both of these last-named places are islands of the Dutch East Indies. A Tragedy. I had seen him frequently on Wash ington avenue, a fair-haired, laughing, handsome boy. Within five years he grew to manhood, and I often thought of him as the idol of his pareil ts maDly, brave and true. The other day I saw his father's tottering form walk ing slowly up State street hill. He looked haggard and worn, as though some great trouble had come upon him. I saw his sister's blanched face and downcast eyes, and knew that a great calamity had befallen the family. I asked a mutual friend the reason. "The son," he said, mournfully, and gulped down a sob. "How sad," I said unto myself. He so young and full of promise, to be carried away. No wonder his people were crushed with grief, and then, in a sympathetic tone, I inquired: "When did he die ?" "Die ?" quoth my friend, in a tone of inquiry and sad surprise. "Die?" he repeated. "He's not dead ; worse than that; lie's become a dude ."—Albany Express. HOBBS & LINK, Liter?, Feed and Sale And ! JCorral. Parties outfitted with saddle horses, buck boards or fine carriages on short notice. Terms reason o ble, Gardiner, M, T. F. H. LORI NG, : Proprietor of the JEjJDCKEj GKLI T SAMPLE ROOMS. CHOICEST WINES, LIQUORS and CIGARS, Princely furnished parlor room in connection. MAIN STREET. - UVISGSTON. R t J. A. Wolcott, Propr. ■, . ... Clark Street, - - Old Town. gpOPEN DAY AND NIGHT. § s Th« Table i« Supplied with the Best the Market Affords. i. m Ml Montana Lumber COMPANY. OFFICERS : W. C. Edwards, Prest., St. Paul, Minn. J. R. Hathaway, Yice-Prest., Billings. C. A. Westum, Sec. and Treas., Billings. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber ! ! LATH, SHINGLES, MOULDINGS, SASH, DOORS, WINDOWS, Building Paper,Etc. YARDS AT Billings and Livingston. F. L. MINTIE, * Manager Livingston Yard. of to of I ¥ «y • MURRAY, DEALER IN Wines and Liquors Finel Imported mesiic and Bo c I / Second Street, LIVINGSTON, M. T. FRED W. DRAPER, PROPRIETOR OF THE Headquarters tOinmi * laimii Second Street, next to the Opera House. Open Day & Might. Large stock of nothing but strictly first-class and cigars. [££pFinest Billiard and Fool Tables in the city. 1 JAMES FOWLIE, Proprietor of the State Hall W Finest and largest Hall in the town. : MILWAUKEE BEER ON BRAUSET. LIQUORS WINES Beer § s m Second St, LIVINGSTON MONT. AND LUNCH COUNTER. • 0. H. M00BE, Propr. CM Street, LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. Milwaukee Keg Beer Always c,n Tap and Imported Cheese and Summer Saus age Sandwiches. iSTGIVE ME A CALL.^3 WILSON'S GARDEN Bridge. ^ Refresh THE ST. ELMO Restaurant Is the best place in the city for a first-class meal, served at all hours. GARRETT & Main Street, MURRAY, Proprietors. Livingston Livingston, Montana, At the Last Crossing of the Yellowstone River, AND Junction of tlie National Park Branch R. R. With Main Eine of X. P. It. It. END OP 3 RAILROAD DIVISIONS. Railroad Company and Round Houses. Good Bituminous the town. are building Shops Coal Mines west of Clark's Fork's Mines reached from Liv ingston. National Fark entered from Livingston. For plats anti information of lots in the Original Townsite and adjwmt to Depot, apply to GENERAL LAND AGENT N P.R. R.CO. St. Paul. Mmn, NICKELS, WILBUR & NICHOLS, Jamestown, Dakota, or FRANK BUSH, . Agent Land Dept. N. P. E II. Co., Livsngston, Montana. L. Taylor, Gen'l Townsite Agent. EARLEY & HOLMES, Livery, Feed and Sale Stables. F all rigs or saddle horses to let, and care ful drivers furnished if desired. B UY AND SELL HORSES They are prepared to carry travelers Into the Park or to any other point, »head of all : *>• competitors. t m on Clack aire«, Iiviu fr'i# * ££AT THE GATE OF WONDER]^ The House Par Excellence. The Livingston LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. The Largest and Most Commodious, accommodating double the nur,, I guests of any other hotel in the town. An excellent emsiue; u "N plied with all the luxuries of the season. Parlors and Rooms ** all the comforts of a home, with polite and coniteous; attendants. st„ tention given to Tourists and Travelers, and infoiination ireply gi V( J H to the innumerable wonders, and different routes through the (heat y'» 1 Talk. * ll < A Free Bus attends the arrival and departure of all Trains Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars at the Bar in connection with the ] j. ip. iisrox-i-AJsr, p rc J TERMS REASONABLE. Brunswick Hotel M. C. MURPHY, Propr. This elegantly appointed and carefully managed hotel is now ready for the ree y guests. Travelers seeking neat and comfortable rot ms and a well fiunniied nil»r i them at the BRUNSWICK, Main street, Livingston, Montana " 1 Bl ' ^ When You Leave the Train at LYrâagstorL, - - NÆontana ENQUIRE FOR THE FREE HACK TO THE erchants' Hotel, The table is supplied with everything the market affords. Parlors for tJ accommodation of ladies, and the house throughout complete with everythin* ned sary for the comfort of guests. HOK E WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGA At the Bar in connection with the House. Terms Reasonable. Park Street, Opposite the De WM.Jrl ITC HELL, Proprietor. 0 h Park Street A 0 "y 'y 7 . A Q J iii S* 0> H Q o eerie» R. C. Griffith, FOR BLACKSMITHING. He makes a specialty of horse shoeing. Wagon shop in connection, and Job work of all kinds neatly and promptly done. Shop at the lower end of MainStreet. \ NDEF.SON & BORLAND, asri BLACKSMITH. Job work and general blacksmithing done rumptiy and to oruer. Wagon and Carriage shop * coiUHKiion. B «M*, U, Iwm, M. T. I ÇJAFE. ICE CREAM AT ALL DOl'E 8 ' The best stock of Wines, Liquors ^ ^ • be had in the city. a l. FORCES, W* BON-TON BAR. T „ Prfinri . t cr. P. MCDONALD, Propria Second Street, LIVINGSTON, M ^ htvpT) ALL KINDS OF MIXED onded Artistically Compo llî^ nut WlM., Lfcpon taA Ci»«