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Climbing the Himalayas.
A height of more than 22,000 feet has, We believe, been reached in the H mu lavas by an English officer, and a height exceeding 21,000 feet was twice reached by Mr. Whvmper in the Andes. It is remarkable that at first thi3 traveler >nd his guides suffered frightfully f om the rarity of the air. At an elevation of only 16,600 feet on the slopes of Chimborazo they felt incapable for a while of making the least exertion. Subsequently, however, Mr. Whimper passed a night on the summit cf Coto paxi, 19,600 feet high, without appar ently suffering in any way, and when he made his second ascent of Chimbo razo lie does not seem to have felt any oppression whatever. On the other summit mentioned, that of Cotopaxi, he had been proceeded by Herr von Thiel man, who was not apparently in thq least affected by the rarity of the air, and of the five mountaineers who aceom pan led him only one complained of headache. It seems, then, clear that a strong man accustomed to mountain walking would be able, after allowing time for his lungs to get acclimatized, to attain without any difficulty a height of 21,000 feet, and that he would possibly be able, without any very great difficulty, to mount 1,000 feet higher. Whether any man, however strong and practiced, can go much beyond this, whether heights of 23,000 and 24,000 feet can be reachec on foot, it is impossible at present to say. Mr. Matthews, the late President of the Alpine Club, who referred to this subject in a paper on mountain climb ing, seemed to think that even the sum mit of Mount Everest might not be unat tainable. Mount Everest, or Cauri Sankar, towers by more than 6,000 feet over the highest point yet reached on foot, and we fear that over the fina part of the walk up its atmospheric conditions would severely try the mountaineer. Unfortunately, the in teresting experiment cannot be made, as Mount Everest cannot be approached. A peak more than 28,000 feet high is, however, accessible ; and now that Maj. Mitchell has shown that the difficulties and expense of Himalayan travel are not so great as they are supposed to be, some adventurous members of the Al pine Club may think of attempting the ascent of the Monte Eosa of the Him alayas. For the real enthusiast such an expedition must have the greatest pos sible attraction. If he succeeds he will achieve lasting renown, and if he fails, and at 25,000 feet, or thereabouts, dies literally from want of breath, his last moments will be cheered by the thought that he has made a highly interesting experiment, and that he will rank legitimately among the martyrs of science.— Saturday Review. Chinese Names. A child's first name is given when about a month old. This is called the milk name, and is usually some trilling euitliet, as the name of a flower for girls and of some distingaished virtue for boys. This name is dropped when the child grows up. The children as sociate together till they are about 8 ye rs old, when the boys are sent to school and the girls kept secluded in the house. When a boy enters school he receives another name, called the book name, which is conferred with much ceremony, and which he after ward retains in the family, but he is often called familiarly by his milk name. Persons engaged in business have what is called a shop name, not putting their own proper names on their stores. This shop name is some what similar to our names for hotels, consisting sometimes of such phrases as Mutual Advantage, Abundant Profits & Co., etc. A man's last name is applied to him after his death, on account of his moral qualities, and is equivalent to the epitaphs on our tomb stones.— Chicago Journal. is on as to ets Rag Carpets. I see assistance has been requested in the planning of rag carpets, and, as this is a matter in which I have hac f ome experience, I will add mv mite in the way of suggestions. While „ smooth, tasteful and not too hcavv rag carpet is a treasure in the farm-house timing or sitting-room, if we a e to have carpets there at all, tlio loose, homely, and, above all, the rough and heavy rag carpet, is an abomination anywhere. To insure the former, care must be taken m pre-paring the rags. 1 list, they must be sorted and washed clean, then cut or torn finely and evenly. Old calico must have most width; old white cotton should be a trifle narrower; flannel a little nar rower still, while old broadcloth or full cloth must be cut or torn very fine. The rags should all be as nearly as possible of the same size when beaten up. A carpet in which great care is taken in this particular looks much less "rag-carpety" than if the rags are care lessly cut or torn. Next the sewing must be well done, bo there will be no loose ends or cor ners left to fly up in weaving or swe. p mg, as this makes a carpet exceedingly rough and homely- If there is much taick cloth among the rags, and one desires an extra-nice carpet, it is better to clip a bit off from the side of the ends of the thick rags, so as to lessen the bunch where sewed together. The extra work of doing this is not notice abie, and, e ? i,r P et is much smoother and finer looking when done. Whether or no the carpet has a pleasing effect , ta the eye, depends gieatly on the taste of the maker and weaver in the arrangement of colors. Many a housekeeper who has spent weeks of hard labor upon a carpet has greatly disappointed » is om of a he of the weavers, because, after all lier la bor in cutting, sewing and coloring—it presented so unsatisfactory an appear ance, often, indeed, being almost an eye sore from its gaudy look, the inhar monious grouping of colors, or .".o ne other similar defect. Before beginning a carpet, one should decide on the general tone of it; that is, what the ground-work of color shall be. If brown, the greater part of the rags should be of various shades o brown; the warp also being of the same or of some color that will mingle and harmonize pleasantly with the ra cj The bright rags must be such as will either harmonize or contrast agreeably with the rest. The warp should l e fine, well-twisted, laid moderately thich in the reed, or, in weavers' phrase, be "thick-sleyed," and be well stretch d in weaving. If this is done and the rags are well beaten up, the carpet will be fine and firm, the dust wdl swe^p off instead of sweeping through, and it will sweep easily and wear well.— Country Gentleman. Rates of Interest Compared. Of course rates vary greatly in this country with locality. Where opportu nities for profitable invostment are in excess of capital, as in the Western States, rates are higher than at the great money centers. The following statement of the average rates of inter est in New York City for each of the fiscal years from 1874 to 1882, inclusive, is taken from the report of the Comp troller of the Currency : Call loans, Com'l yaper, Years. per cent. per cent. 1874 ......•.................3.8 6.4 1875 .......................3.0 5.8 1876 ......... 3.3 5.3 1877 ......................3.0 5 2 1878 .......................4.4 5.1 1879 .......................4.4 4 4 1880 .......................4.9 5.3 1881 ....... 3.8 5.0 1882 .......................4.4 5.4 The average rate of discount of the Bank of England for the same years was a follows ; Per cent. Year ending Dec. 31, 1874 .....................3.69 Year ending Dec. 31, 1375.....................3.23 Year ending Dec. 31, 1876.....................2.61 Year ending Dec. 31, 1877 .....................2.91 Year ending Dee. 31, 1878 .....................3. 7k Year ending Dec. 31,1879.....................2.50 Year ending Dee. 31. 1830....................2.76 Year ending Dec. 31,1881.....................3.49 Fiscal year ending June 31, 1832..............4.01 ■Inter Ocean. An Interesting Experiment. Prof. W. J. Beal, in his botanic il and horticultural report for 1881-2, repo ts a very interesting experiment. Two fine bunches of clover, apparently alike in thrift and size were covered with mosquito netting. When the plants were in blossom, bumble bees were introduced under oue netting anc. seen to work, the other being left un visited. July 31, ripe heads were se .ected from each plant, and the seeds carefully counted. The fifty heads of the plant from which the beo3 were ex cluded yielded twenty-five seeds, forty yielding none at all. The fifty heads visited by bees, on which they were seen to work, yielded ninety-four /eeds, uwenty-five yielding none at all. 8 to in is A Possible Future Senator. Orrin Gowell, a large owner in fhe Manzanita hydraulic mine at this city, is worth in th » neighborhood of $1,000, 000. He owns considerable valuable property at San Jcse and has a palatia lome at Fruitva'e. He spends severa months of each year in Nevada City, and is one of fhe most industrious men on the coast. He dresses as commonly as does the humblest laborer in his em ploy, and no man around the mine gets to his work so early in the morning or stays so late at night as he. He doesn't stand around with his hands in his pock ets like some superintendents and fore men that we know of, but with pick or shovel puts in as many "licks" in a dav as though his situation depended upon the industry he displayed. A friend was criticising him good-naturedly on his Jack of "style," when he laughed hiait llv, and said that it was sometimes a source of much amusement to him. ''One day last summer," said he, "Iwas doing some work near my house at Fruitvale, when an Irishman came along the street, and, seeing me there" jammed his face against the pickets of the fence and called out cautiously: Soy, Pat, can't yees shlip into the kitchen widout missus seen' uv yees and git me a bit o' bread ?' The poor fellow looked hungry and honest, aud I went m and got him some of the best the cook could give me. When I brought it out he was the most grateful man you ever saw, and congratulated me on ny shrewdness in making such a good laul without being caught and losing m Y plac e."—Nevada ( Cal.) Irans cript. High Priced Cigars. Do you really think," the reporter asked, "any man can get his money's 9 » 1 ou ^ ü ci S ar he pays a quarter "In my opinion," said the clerk, "it depends largely upon the imagination of the man. For my part, I think the domestic every bit as good as the im ported cigar, and there is no domestic cigar of the ordinary size, four and one half inches, made'tliat is worth $100 a thousand at wholesale. You can get from the manufacturer the best cigar made, and just as good as anybody could want to smoke, for about $15 a thousand. To make a thousand will re quire fourteen pounds of Havana, the best of which in the market can be had at $1.40 per pound; Connecticut wap l>ers will cost $5 more ; boxes, $2 ; slrq> ping, $1; making, $12; packing, $1; tamps, $3; rent 00 cents. That's about $46. The verv beat cigar, Connecticut wrapper and Havana filler, will not cost more than $J0."~£7. Louis Pout-D a ful T h the va m EARLEY & HOLMES, CINNABAR, Livery, Feed and Sale Stables. Full rigs or saddle horses to let, and care ful drivers furnished if desired. BUY AND SELL HORSES T h ey a r$ prepared to carry travelers into I the Park or to any other point, ahead of all competitors THE FRÖNf Our goods are here aij without an equal li the territory. —■ ....... < <»»» ♦ ■ - ... , Liquors in wholesale quantities to buyers. - 4 « »» --- — Til© FAMOUS NELSON COUNTY -AND We do not profess to sell finest known brands of liquoj at prices below actual cost, we do offer them at only a living piofit. -- .« *•»«. - A!! established brands in immense quantities. Also orders given prompt attentioi - » - CL Xj. "WICol WHOLESALE LIQUORS AND CIGAEÎ Main Street,^Livingston, M. T. Montana Lumber COMPANY. OFFICERS J W. C. Edwards, Prest., St. Paul, Minn. J. R. Hathaway, Vice-Prest., Billings. C. A. Wustum, Sec. and Treas., Billings. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber ! ! LATH, SHINGLES, MOULDINGS, SASH, DOORS, WINDOWS, Building Paper,Etc. YARDS AT Billings and Livingston. F. L. MINTIE, Manager Livingston Yard. R. C. Griffith, FOR BLACKSMITHING. He makes a specialty of horse shoeing. Wagon shop in connection, and job work of all kinds neatly and promptly done. Shop at the lower end of MainStxeet. FRED W. DRAPER, PROPRIETOR OF THE Headquarters Main Street Large stock of nothing but strictly first-class LIQUORS. WINES AND CIGARS. Finest Billiard and Pool Tables in : the city, j j J. MURRAY, DEALER IN Wines and Lifl Fine Imported and ^ . r mestic CIGARS Second Street LIVINGSTON, )!•*' Ü 1 vDl 1 ij METROPOLIT^ room. sample Main Street, : j --Choi«*»'*** Finest and Ki^ dCig8rS . FANCY MULKERN * G