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THE DAILY ENTERPRISE.
Published every day except Sund inüGHT & HENDRY, ! Publishers. LIVINGSTON, M. T, DEC. 11, 1883. Rustlinj? ou the Ranges. Under date of Dec. from Livings ton, the following correspondence appears in the Minneapolis Journal : "In nothing, not excepting their rich mines, are the people of Montana so uni versally interested as in the welfare of their herds of cattle, sheep and horses, and as each winter approaches that inter est deepens till it approaches very closely to anxiety. Several critical months are to be passed, during which Montana's 500, 000 cattle, 700,000 sheep and 90,000 horses (I give the latest estimates from assessment roll), must rustle through fair weather and foul, snow or sunshine, with but little to depend upon other than the pasturage nature has spread before them and the wise guidance of the herder. The two main causes which make up the per centage of winter loss in Montana stock are the physical condition of the animals at the close of autumn and the relative severity of the winter that follows. Re ports now coming in from the ranges throughout the grazing regions place it beyond doubt that cattle are in excep tionally line condition. The grass during the season past has been unusually lux uriant, the weather, with one or two short breaks, very mild up to this date, and the herds have put on and retain a stock of flesh that will carry them through much priva tion during the months to come. Should the winter be of merely average severity the losses in the older Montana herds will he very small, and it will take a succes sion of snow storms unimaginable to the 'oldest inhabitant' to cause any serious loss in cattle bred in the territory. Dur ing the past summer a great number erf young cattle have been shipped in from the states. The number is variously esti mated at from 25,000 to 50,000 and I am inclined to place it nearer the latter figure. These cattle when they arrived were mere weaklings compared with our range bred cattle of the same age. During the sum mer and fall they h«ve gained i» flesh and somewhat in endurance, but it is useless to deny that unless they receive careful attention many of them will succumb during the winter. They are thin skinned, deficient m strength, have put on their flesh too rapidly, and are not accustomed to digging through snow for their food (technically called rustling) of which Montana's calves gain practice while they are yet following the cows. The expe riences of a first winter on the ranges will therefore tell upon them keenly, and while loss among them may be expected in any event, a severe winter would thin out these newly imported herds in a way that might discourage their owners. The people of Montana believe and substan tiate their opinion by proof that theirs is the best stock country in America, but it cannot be expected that starving barn yard reared calves can be turned out of the stock cars upon the ranges in the middle of summer and during the time that intervenes between that time and the first suaw fall, put themselves in position to withstand the winter with impunity on any range. It is estimated, that nearly 200,000 sheep have been driven into the territory during the past year. These will get aloug very well as sheep are tended very carefully and provision is made to feed them in times when for a few days the snow lies upon the langes. Among owners of small herds of cattle in closely pastured districts, it i3 becoming a popu lar idea to put a stack of hay in case of emergency. It may not be needed, but in any event insures absolute safety to the herds. The only districts where this newly inaugurated practice obtains to any extent is in the Smith river and Judith basin, portions of which are now' becom ing thickly settled and (as all settlers Imve herds) somewhat closed y pastured. It is a new departure and has- not been adopted on any of the great ranges nor will it be until years to come when the ranchmen and small stock owners have driven out the »cattle kings.' " . Mining Investments. Judge Maguire, who lias just re turned from the east, speaks as follows to the Bozeman Chronicle on the above subject: "Practical miners never were guilty of perpetrating mining swindles, * eut the villainous schemers of the grçat cities have in a great measure made iheni the scapegoats to bear the odium thereof. Capitalists of tWe* surplus of money could çot stand was small, and wl out-and-out tosses. east, including large numbers wltdjdjgR. ' Sms^BBSBSSBSSBISÊSSBÊSBSS have been robbed of millions of money through swindling corporations organ ized on properties of imaginary value —boles in the mining regions that no intelligent, practical niiuer would risk a month's work on. Where laws do not exist under which such swindlers could be prosecuted and made to an swer for theii rascality by a term in the penitentiary they should be en acted. The influence of these confi dence games in the name of mining enterprises—for they are nothing else —has extended to all classes, and the very men who have been financially successful in their perpetration, as a rule, are the last to be induced to put a dollar in an honest, legitimate enter prise. This is a discouraging outlook; but it will prove after all, "the dark hour before day." The facts stand that there are large amounts of sur plus capital everywhere for profitable, honest investment; and that we have here in eastern Montana mines, the working of which will show larger returns for the money iuvested than can be realized from investment in any other field. My advice to my mining friends, who are seeking money for development, is, to let mining boards and mining board men alone, and go to the men direct, who have money to invest. This will be found to be a somewhat slow and tedious course—men of course handle the earnings of a life-time very cautiously —they are conservative, and will make their investigations slowly and with great care; but, when at last con vinced in all the essential points—as to the solidity of titles, the intrinsic merit of the property, etc., the re quired checks will be drawn. I want to see the tables turned on the rascals who have brought the great mining industry inro disrepute. Let the prac tical miners shun them as the swin dlers they are." Montana Lumber COMPANY. OFFICERS : W. C. Edwards, Prest., St. Paul, Minn. J. R. Hathaway, Yice-Prcst., Billings. C. A. WusTCif, Sec. and Treas., Billings. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber ! ! LATH, SHINGLES, MOULDINGS, SASH, DOORS, WINDOWS* Building Paper,Etc. YARDS AT Billings and Livingston. F. L. MINTIE, Manager Livingston Yard. REMEMBER That I keep constantly on hand a complete stock of native and eastern lumber, sash, doors, blinds, mould ings, shingles , lath, build ing paper, brackets , plaster ing hair, plaster Paris, and everythin g usually kept in a first class lumber yard Prices always as low as the lowest E. GO UC HNO UR. JOHN O. SAXE, NEWS AND FRUIT DEALERS, AND CONFECTIONERS. The latest eastern Dailies. Illustrated Journ als and Magazines always on hand. MAIN STREET. Look Here. Twenty-One meals , the best in the City, for $6, at the City Dining Room, corner of Clark and Main Streets . MRS. FRED HATER T. R. MAYO'S Wit FIMES Main Street, opposite PostQÎÜce, hfß the Most Elegantly Furnished in the West. 1 !^ WlffllGR OHflOyBl Finest In Montana. h 'Finest stock of Barber supplies 1 R. C. Griffith, FOR BLACKSMITHING. He makes a specialty of horse shoeing. Wagon shop in connection, and job work of all kinds neatly and promptly done. Shop at the lower end of MainStreet. Ji KANE'S PUCK (Old Stand of Parlor Restaurant) THE FINEST Of Liquors and Cigars, Cincinnati, St. Louis and Milwaukee 1 Beer Constantly on Hand. A Reading Room in connection with the late papers always on file. MIXED DRINKS A SPECIALTY MAIN ST., LIVINGSTON. G. N. SUMNER & CO., Livingston, M. T. Commission Merchants. And Dealers in Baled Hay, Oats, Feed, Etc. Warehouse on Railroad Track, East of the Freight House J. MURRAY, DEALER IN Wines and liquors Fine Imported and Do mestic CIGARS Street, Second LIVINGSTON, M.T. BANK EXCHANGE ! HIGCIJVS, $ EJVJV1S, Props Saloon, Billiard and Pool Parlor PUTE MIXED DEINES Â SPECIALTY. Cfeofce Wines, Liquors A Cigars. PARK STREET, LIVINGSTON. M. T. NOTICE. Notice is hereby given to all parties who give dances at which liquors, wines or cigars are sold that they must pay a license of Ten Dollars. for each dance so given or they will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. Such license must be paid in advance, before the dance commences, to tno undersigned at bis office in Livingston, M. T. GEORGE V r . METCALF. Deputy Treasurer and Collector for Gallatin county, M.T. F. H. LORING, Proprietor of the GrlHiT EIDGHE SAMPLE ROOMS. CHOICEST WINES LIQÜOßSaili CIGARS. Princely furnished parlor room in connection. MAIN 8TREET. - LIVINGSTON. D. M. REESE, CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER STORE FITTING A SPECIALTY. Plans and Specifications given for any kind of work. Office at the Brunswick Hotel NEW OPENING OF TTIK Bavarian Beer Hall Lower Mala Street, Having moved my beer hall from the old tv wn to lower Main street. I shall keep con stantly on hand all kinds of Hot Xj-unoli, Clieeseaud Sausage,. Sandwiches, Pigs Feet, Tripe and Steaks. Keg Beer Always on Tap. A, WKDTHflLZEB. Prop. John Nbwlakdw Ambrose Howei.l NEWLAND A HOWELL, BUILDERS. Wear*prepared to do all kinds of work on short notice Designs Furnished WhenWanted 8l»pi*r«rof BatatpriMoOM. SHOP WORK A 8FHOIAMT. y : *K êi 2oo STOVES Just ArrîvJ *** WHOLESALE AND RETAIL U * a <x> H 1 BABCOCK & MILES. Merchant Tailor. Suits made in the Latest Style, and a Sure Fit always guaranteed. Also dealer in Overcoats at Cost for next 30 days, Livingston, - - - * Montana. When You Leave the Train at T .iv i-ngaton, - - IMIontana ENQUIRE FOR THE FREE HACK TO TIIE Merchants' Hotel. The table is supplied with everything the market a Souls. Parlors for tht accommodation of ladies, and the house throughout complete with everything new sary for the comfort of guests. CHOICE WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS At the Bar in connection with the House. Terms Reasonable. Park Street, Opposite the Depot| WM.MITCH EL i , Proprietor. TWOHY BROS. & CHISHOLM, Commission Merchants AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Flour, Feed and Provisions. Apples and Other Fruits in Car Lots. Corner Main and Lewis Streets. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. Our Heaters Have A Large Assortment and full ßtotk of tlie CELEBRATED AC 0 KN I Line, in beautiful designs and ^ anything you may want iu the hue 0 Le found at G.T.CHAMBERS&Co' £ i\co a a/ c^'Knc l-iEf-tV -Uovi s Stoves and Tinware, Park J0 dP At their NEW LOCATION ON MAIN STREET, near Don't Fail li GEO. T. CHAMBERS & 00. Star Grocery, MrsiLYONSPri,»' LOWER MAIN STREET. DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF QrocfiflH and Fancy; ». CflKiice Illinois Creamery Butter, Offers