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The Builder of the First Tram-Cai fdr Street Service. Modification h of the Oricïnal Type-— Progress of Street Raiîruafls— The Idea Abroad— -The En terprises of To-Day. ["Gath's" Letter.] "In 1831," said John Stephenson, the vet eran builder of hon-e-cars, to a reporter, "I designed and built the first tram-car of the first railroad for street service in this country or abroad. This car consisted of three sepa rate compartments, each compartment hold ing ten persons, and being entered by separate doors on the side from a guard rail. Seats were provided on top of the car for thirty or more persons. The car was very much like the English railroad coach, though it was set considerably lower. It was hauled by a team of horses, the Conductor remaining outside on the rail, rain or shine. The com pany for which it was built was called the New York & Harlem road, running from Prince street, on the Bowery, along the line, of the present Fourth avenue to York ville and Harlem. Fourth avenue at that time bad not been opened, but the line had been surveyed in 1810. "The fare paid varied with the distance, being sixpence, or six and one-quarter certs, from Prince street to Fourteenth street, six pence more to a point where Forty-second street now runs across Fourth avenue, six pence more to York ville, and twenty-five cents to Harlem. These fares were paid in the silver of the old Spanish currency then prevalent. In time through fare was reduced to eighteen pence, and then to twelve. But the road did not succeed. In 1837, after six years of construction, it temporarily gave way to steam-cars. In 1815, however, it re sumed working under its charter, which had not been given up—and which, by the way, is the charter under which the present Fourth avenue horse-car line is operated. Iu that year, 1845, the care were remodeled nearly to their present style, the great feature being the adoption of end platforms and entrances. No other horse-car line was built till 1852, when at about the same time charters were granted for the Second, Third, Sixth and Eighth avenue lines. Outside of New York, in this country, Boston first adopted the sys tem in 185b, Philadelphia following in 1857, after which it spread over the country. New Orleans in 1801 w r as the first to adopt the small car, or, as it is called, the bob-tail car. And I should lffce to say right here that out of the 428 horse-car lines now existing in the United States, 279 use the small cars only, the remaining 149 having the conductor cars. "We come now to the introduction of the idea abroad. In 1800 George Francis Train started a line, for which I constructed the cars, iu Birkenhead, opposite Liverpool, in England. Popular feeling was against the idea, however, and the line proved a poor affair. I believe it did not declare a divi dend in twenty years. So intense was the pop ular prejudice in England at that time that the starting of a horse-car in London caused a riot, and the rails were torn up. Nor could an act of parliament be obtained until as late as 1870 for the construction cif other roads. Now lines are operated in the American style in most of the principal cities in Great Britain, our cars by their combination of lightness, durability aod comfort having won the day against English manufacturers. "In 1866 South America took up street railroad enterprises on a large scale, Brazil, Venezuela, Chili, Peru, Uruguay, Ecuador, Costa Rica, and the Argentine Republic all adopting them. And it may be stated in general tbat our shipments to-day are to the remote corners of the globe—to New Zea land, Australia, Java, India, Japan, the Cape of Good Hope and Port Elizabeth in south Africa, as well as to Canada, France, Belgium, Portugal, Austria, Hol land, Germauy, Russia, Sweden, Nor way and England. The English cars, for which we have large orders, differ from American care in having winding stairs at each end, by which to reach the seats on top of the cars. The fares, too, in an English car are so much a mile, as is the case with most of the European lines. There are three other companies constructing horse cars in this country, at Troy, St. Louis and Phila delphia. As an institution the system is pe culiarly American, both in point of original conception and its development." The Pudding in tlie Chair. [Hartford Timrs.] A paragraph of state news, embodying a droll Thanksgiving incideut at a dinner table m Wyndham, leads Dr. O. B. Lyman, of tnis city, to recall a similar occurrence in that neighborhood a long t me ago—before fie was bom, and he is now 80. In the original in cident (which was a true story) the "head of the table," a lawyer, while standing to carve the turkey, found need of more room, and so set a big dish of hot pudding in h;s own chair. The company, seeing the chance for fun, diverted his mind from the pudding by introducing a lively therno that set all a-laughing—and when Mr. Carver sat down he sat :m the hot pudding. The latter ver sion—whether of a new and real incident or an improvement on the old -is that at the recent Thanksgiving in Wyndham t..e carver found the turkey a tough one to uujoint, and, after tugging a while at it, he made more room by clappmg a big dish of hot pudding into his vacant chair, and went on hacking at the turkey, his energetic but ill-directed la bor finally lauding the obdurate fowl in the lap of a lady at the table, and spattering the table cloth wi; h grease and gravy. The carver, aghast, and ruefully exc.aiming: "Now I've done it!" weakly subsided into the pud ding, and found he had indeed done it Addressine "M> Lord." • [Exchange.] Early in the autumn of the past year a Scotch nobleman happened to learn while at Louisville, Ky., temporarily, tbat a certain distinguished family of Petersburg, Va., were related to him. How he found it out is not told. But at any rate, after much corre spondence, preparation, etc., on the part of tue Virginians, he went to visit them. Ex actly what the mistress or master of the Petersburg household may liayo taught tbeir w.th regard to the mauner of ad proper tqwara a nobleman is not re but, at dinner the evening of his arrival, a colored man handed him a dish, with the perfectly audible request, "My God, ! take some." ! - £ — Ph pH W O H u o 3Q —, 3D % SC IS3K H T.C. POWER & CO., FB0ZEMAN, MONTANA, tm 7 --DEALERS IN # Agricultural Implements. GENERAL AGENTS FOR WALTER A. WOOD'S THE OLD RELIABLE SCHÜTTLER WAGON. All sizes and kinds of John Deere Moline Plows> —including the— Celebrated Power Lift Sulky and Iron Gang Plow, Irrigating Ditch Plows, etc. HE SUPERIOR SEED DRILLS AND BROAD-CAST SEEDERS, CHICAGO SCREW PULVERIZES WITHÜ, SEEDERS-DIFFERENT SIZES. Steel Barbed Fence Wire. Jarrows, Feed Mills, Road Scrapers, Fair bank's Scales, Eclipse Wind Mill?, Cli max Churns, Flour and Grain Sacks, Fanning Mills, Shovel Plows, etc. Domestic Sewing Machines, Tom Connelly Bug, aie .* Garden Seed Drills, Scofield & Coop -'s Buggies, Buekhoards and Road taits, Etc., Etc., Etc. BOZEMAN, - MONTANA. G . H. CARVER & CO.. Are our only authorized agents at Livings ton, M. T.. who will cheerfully tnrnisl prices on all the above (roods. Give them a call. LATH, SHINGLES, MOULDINGS, / SASH, L DOORS, WINDOWS, Building Paper,Etc. lRDS AT Billings and Livingston. F. L. MINTIE, „*r Livingston Yard Montana Lumber COMPANY. OFFICERS : W. C. Edwards, Prcst.. St. Paul, Minn. J. R. H vtiiway, Vice-Prest., Billings. F. L. MistiE, Sec. and Treas., Livingston » Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber ! ! ANBACH & MOORE, Proprietors ol the , Chicago Beer Hell. Fine Concert Every Night and Sunday Afternoon. Hot and Cold Lunch At any time during the day. Choice Liquors and Cigars always on hand. a Lower Main Street FEED CORRAL, Biily Miles, Prop. BALED HAY, CHOP FEED, WHEAT and OATS for sale by the pound or * in CAR LOTS. Best of care given to all Stock placed in my care Prices Reasonable R. C. Griffith, FOR BLACKSMITH ING. He makes a specialty of h«rse shoeing. LaBarre's wagon shop one door east of b.acksinith shop. Joh work of all kinds neatly and promptly done. Shop at the lower end of Alain Street. A. KRIEGER & CO., UNDERTAKERS. jVleta'ic, Eastern Rosewood and Homemade Coffins and Caskets always on hand and lur nished on short notice. Telegraphic orders promptly attended to. Undertaxing est ab lishxnent lower Main Street. Leave orders at A. KRIEGER & CO.'S. Alain St. Livingston. Furniture Store. ST. LOUIS..... BEER HALL! CHAS.M00EE, Prop. Beer by the glass, qvart or keg. All kinds of cheese and sausage lunches. — ALSO — GAMBLING HOUSE, . I Where nothing but square dealing is al lowed. ' GOING EAST ' —or.— GOING WEST No matter which, the IS YOUR LINE, As it will take you in either direction between ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, DULUTH, G LYNDON, MOORHEAD,,FARGO, CASSLETON, VALLEY CITY', JAMESTOWN. MIN NE WA UK AN, • (DEVIL'S LAKE,) MILNOR, LA MOURE, BISMARCK, MAN DAN, GLENDIVE, BILLINGS, LIV INGSTON, Yellowstone National Pari JEüC©l©2rL£L, ILÆ. T., DEEP. LODGE, BUTTE CITY, MISSOULA, SPOKANE FALLS, WALLA WALLA, THE DALLES, Portland, Or., Olympia, Tacoma, Seattle, Victoria, B. C., all points in British Columbia, aud Alaska, Salem, Albany, and Roseberg, Or. Dcmomhûîi That the Northern Pacific Railroad numuiliUdl runs the only Emigrant Sleepers, The only Day Coaches, the only Pullman Sleepers and the only Dining cars between St. Paul and* Portland, Oregon. Full information in regard to the Northern Pa cific lines can be obtained tree by addressing CHAS. S. FEE, General Passenger Agent. St. Paul, Minn. PRIVATE BOARD ....#. AND...... Furnished Rooms, ......AT...... Mrs. A. H. Brown's, Bàrtlett residence on Lower Main Street. Board by Dav or Week. Will be ready to receive boarders on and alter Monday, May 26. OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. Blacbmitliiirg ajlWap lafiü. ALL WORK WARRANTED! Special Attention Given to Horse Shoeing. Shofi on B Street. P. T. PAD 1 at JAMES CARROLL, ^eccL «J3.CL Sals StaTble I Full Rigs and Saddle Horses on the Shortest Notice. I^HORSKS BOARDED BY THF DAY, WEEK ORJYIONTH.JTI Horses, Harnesses, Wagons, Baled Hay and Oats bought and sold. Gen* le horses lor the use of ladies to be had at a moments notice. Prices reasonable. Stable corner C and Lewis Sis., Livingston, Montana, IE*. MERCHANT TAILOR, To all those who intend to purchase a summer suit to call at his shop see samples and get prices before ordering elsewhere. You cannot get a better make east or west. 53F*Shop on "B" Street. ^Ffl GEO. W. METCALF & CO., Feed and Sale Stables, CORNER MAIN AND CLARK STREETS. FINEST "TURNOUTS" IN THE CITY, Tourists and Travelers carried to or from the remotest [joints with safety and dispatch Horses, Mules, Harness and Wagons bought and sold. SEED OATS, Baled Ha y, Stock boarded by the day or week. Spectal attention given to Gentlemen Drivers. Terms as reasonable as any in the city. Call and see us. of I. OESCHEL & BRO, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in G-EOCEEIES! Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Caps, Boots, Siloes, Tobacco and All Kinds of Smokers' Articles. JOBBERS IN WINES, LIQUOKS AND^CIGARS, AGENTS FOR PIi. Best Keg and Bottle Beef, Western Cigar Co.. Detroit, Mich., v aim & Bergman, Merchant Tailors, Wilson Bros., Chicago Shirt Makers. LIVINGSTON and MILES CITY. E. GOUGHNOUR, Proprietor of Steam Saw and Planing Mills; Also Dealer in T I would respectfully announce to the peosle of Livingston and surrounding country, tat l now have in stock and am constantly receiving the finest stock of Eastern and Native Lumber ever kept in the Yellowstone Valley, consisting of Mer, Tar and Plain Paper. Sasi, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings, Brackets, Carpet Felt, Plaster Paris, Plastering Hair, Screen Poors, Pickets; In short, everything usually kept in a first class Lumber Yard. I have also a Planing Mill which enables me to drtss our Native Lumber into every concieveable shape required by the trade. Bill stuff for large buildings made a specialty, and prices always as low as tne lowest. Yards and office on Second Street. * K. GOUGHNOUR. "Tlb-e IHEes.d.q/u.sirters Billiard Parlor, DRAPER & MÜLKERN, : SECOND STREET, LIVINGSTON, M. T. Proprietor Fine Bar, supplied with nothin g hut the BEST brands of Wines, Liquors and Cigars, both Imported and Domestic. Private rooms in connection. Parlor Restaurant, 1 he Best Place iu the City to get a FIRST-CLASS Meal. f 1 CZ * • Always on hand. FOULKS & KELLEY, : : PROPS. Main Street, Four doors from Postoffice. Park Street Clothier, r Has just received a large stock of Ready-Made Clothing, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, Cloths dnd Underwear, Of the best qualit v, and for the next 30 days Special inducements will be offered • . --MERCHANT TAILORING-- Our cutting and fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction Park Street, .... Livingston. The Livingston Hotel LIVINGSTON. MONTANA. The Largest and Most Commodious, accommodating double the number of guests of any other hotel in the town. Au excellent cuisine; the table sup plied with all the luxuries of the season. Parlors and Rooms fitted up with all the comforts of a home, with polite and courteous attendants. Special at tention given to Tourists and Travelers, and information freely given relative to the innumerable wonders, and different routes through the Great National Park. ; A Free Bus attends the arrival and departure of all Trains. Choice Wines. Liquors and Cigars at the Bar in connection with the House Prox>r TERMS KEASONAllLE.