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In East Tennessee.
[Letter in Philadelphia Press,] Between the Chilhowee and Smoky mountains there is a picturesque valley, about six miles in length and of a vary ing width of from a few hundred yards to almost a mile. Some beautiful streams come leaping and laugh ing down the mountain sides, forming a creek which rushes through the vallev with sufficient strength to turn a m il. The soil is rich, and would yield abundant crops if properly cultivated, but the cultivation is of the most primi tive sand thriftless kind. The pole and brush enclosures around the little farms can hardly be called fences. The valley was first settled more than a hundred years ago, and there is not yet in it a Ihouse worth $50. 'lhe men are a thriftless and do nothing set, who wander about over the woods with long rifles on their shoal <ders, and yet they told me that all game had long ago disappeared except s juiv rels. and, aided one, "they is moighty scaee." I stopped at the best house in the valley to get a lunch. It was a double log hut, with four doors, but no win dows. I did not see p„ window in a sin gle. house in the valley. The owner of the house where I stopped seemed to bn the head man or chief of the clan, ex ercising a controlling influence "in all matters of public interest." He is about 60 years of age, and is stout and strong. From him I learned that there are seventy-five voters in the valley, of whom only twenty-seven can w rite their names, and that lie himself cannot read. There are three school commissioners, and of them only one can read. The lunch with which I was served consisted of bacon and beans, cold, bread so hard that I could scarcely masdeate it, and good milk and butter. But it was given with great cordiality, and even with manifest joy and pride. The old woman sat at the table chew ing tobacco and spitting on the floor, evidently proud of her accomplishment, and anxious to show her skill in spit ting tobacco juice between her blick and snaggy teeth. The old man sat against the door smoking a short stemmed black clay pipe, giving me a history of the valley. He said w hen he was young there were plenty of deer and bears, and "no eend to fish in the crick, but,' he added in a very sa l tone, "they is all gone now. and I think hit ivub the war that lias gonue l them." The ldi<s»a» Suive. [Foreign Letter.] Th« Russian stove is made of fire-re sisting porcelain, is always ornamental, and frequently a highly artistic, hand some article of furniture. Internally it is divided bv thick fire-clay walls into several upright chambers or flues, usually six in number. Some dry fire wood is lighted in a suitable fireplace, and is supplied with only sufficient air to effect combustion, all of which enters below and passes through the flue. The products of combustion being thus undiluted with unnecessary cold air, are very highly heated; and in this state pass up compartment No. 1. They are then deflected and pass down No. 2, up No. o, down through No. 4, again up No. 5, and down No. 6. At tne end of this long journey they have given up most of their heat to the twenty-four heat-absorbing surfaces of the fire-clay walls. Then all communi cation with the chimney is cut otF. the fire is put out, having done its work, and the interior of the stove has bot tl< d up its caloric ready for emission into the room, and passing through the non-conducting walls of ilio stove, is radiated into the apartments. A Monsrol tfiiacacieristie, [British Quarterly Review.] With many good qualities, and with almost a superabandmee of religion, the Mongols have no love of truth, and are wont to despise a man who cannot meet the stress of daily events by an apt lie. On one occasion, traveling with a guide over the desert, Mr. Gil motir was frequently asked whether he carried a revolver. He con stantly made the truthful reply that he did not. This so aroused the fear and excited the indignation of the guide that his employer's sad state became a matter of deep thought, resul t ing in this solution. He suggested that to all future queries Mr. Giimour should reply: "Supposing I have, what then? Supposing I have not, what then ?" The cauny Scotch wit of the. missionary led him to learn a lesson even from a Mongol. "I saw no harm in this form of answer, agreed to use it. anti have often since staved off iu the same maimer impertinent ques tions." Conkh-tf » ui.t.- . ..« »oid, [Now York Tribune.] "Roscoc Coukiing," remarked the lion. Hamilton Spencer, a prominent lawyer of Bloomington, 111., the other day, "read law in my office iu Utica, N. Y. The firm was composed of my father, the late .Joshua Spencer, I rancis Keruan, ex-United States senator from Ne\# York, and myself. Colliding en tered our office iu îîSifl, and was quite a young boy, but large and tall for his »ge. He was r.vLlur a good-natured, red-faced, wholesome-looking sort of a fellow, possessing a very fine specimen of physical manhood, while there was everything else about the young student to indicate good hoaltli and content meat with tlie world. Although quick to learn and possessing the finest tal ept&, young Con kling was not regarded as . being what is called a very close student, but still his mind was capable of grasping eagerly the principles of the law* andins eloquence at the bar wen for,him many important suits." QUESTIONS. a a the [Grace's. Wehs iu vv eejtiy Magazine.] Sometime, somewhere, oh, soul oppressed Wiir thou forget in Heaven's rest Eanh's weariness, so hard to b *ar, Wiia thou recall no past despair? No pang of problems dark, unguessed ? Or wilt e'en tragc-dic-s attest, . Transfigured by an insight blessed, The pieseo'-o of •• Fat-lev's <" vvo . Sometime, somewhere? Or wilt thou cease from bootless quest, Thy body laid on nature's breast, Her round of countless change to share, And thus oblivious, unaware, Forget life's reeret unconfessed, »Sometime, somewhere? MANUFACTURE OF STEEL PENS. The Varions Proce^etCof Annealing, Ktnmpins, Hardening? and Polish ing. [ Chronique Industrielle. ] Steel used for making pens reaches the factory in sheets about two feet long by one foot three inches wide, O.UOl inch thick. They are cut into bands of different widths, according to the dimensions of the pen re juire-.l, the most usual widths being two, two and one-half, and three inches. The bands are then heated in an iron box and annealed, when they are passed on to rolls and reduced to the desired thickness of the finished pen, thus being transformed into ribbons of great delicacy, about four feet long. The blanks are then stamped out from the ribbons by a punching machine, the tool of which has the form of the pen required. The blanks leave the die at the lower part of the machine, and fall into a drawer with the points already formed. They are then punched with the small hole which terminates the slit, and prevents it from extending, and afterwards raised to a cherry-red heat in sheet iron boxes. The blanks are then curved between two dies, the concave one fixed and the convex brought down upon it by mechanism. The pens, now finished as regards their form, are hardened by being plunged, hot, into oil, when they are as brittle as glass. After cleansing, by being placed in a revolving barrel with sawdust, they are tempered iu a hollow cylinder of sheet iron, which revolves over a coke fire after the manner of a coffee roaster. The cylinder is open at one end, and while it is being turned, a workman throws in twenty-live gross of pens at a time, and watches carefully the effect of the heat on the color of the pens. When they assume a fine blue tint, he pours the pens mto a large metal basin, separating them from one another, to facilitate the cooling. Alter this process, which requires great skill and experience, comes the polish ing;which is eueciecl in receptacles containing a mixture of sott sand and hydrochloric acid, and made to revolve. This operation lads twenty-four hours, and g.ves the pens a steel grey tint. The end of the pen, between the hole and the point, is then ground with an emery wueel, revolving very rapidly. There only now remains to split tue peus, which i-i the most important operation, being performed by a kind <f shears. Tiro tower blade is fixed, and the upper ( ne comes do wn with a rapid motion, sligh Iy below the edge of the fixed blade. To give permet smoothness to the slit, and at the same time make the pens bright, they are subjected to the operation of burnishing by being placed in a revolv ing barrel almost entirely filled with 1 »oxwood sa wd ».si. ! j j Australia's Great Falls. [New York News.] An American traveling in Australia thus describes tho famous Wentwoi*th falls: At first the water leaps a distance of 7ÜJ feet, as though falling over the back to the seat of a great ai-m chair cut out of the face of t he mountain by some giant of nature. Falling in spray, it gathers itself for another run and leap, the second time falling over 8J3 feet into the great gorge below. The fall is so far and the foliage so dense at the foot that the eye fails to see the second gathering place of the clouds of spray glittering in the sunlight 1,500 feet below. The valley below the fails spreads out into a great ampitbeatre fifty miles across, and hemmed in on every side but one with the perpendicular walls of the mountain. No human foot has ever Been known to tread this valley. ta I# ftll A..*----- [The Current.] When it is remembered that, even at Point Barrow, the most northern point of Alaska, the average temperature is only 7^ below zero, according to tho Umted States signal service report, it is evident that the people of Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa. Minnesota and Da kota are qualified to receive certificates ws to their ability, through severe testä, to endure Arctic weather. Wasn't Mis Wi»e. [Merchant Traveler.] A man rushed up to a woman looking in a show window, and grasping her by fclie arm,angrily exclaimed: "Come ori; i'm ti.ied waitijg lor you." Then no ticing lie had made a mistake, he drew back with, "Oh, I bei; your pardon, madam, I mistook you lor my wife." "I 1 nought so," she answered with a scom Cil a jeer, and passed on. NEW BLACKSMITH SHOP Opened on Lewis St., near M. E. church. Wm. Novenhuisen, Prop. Have had ions experience in Eastern Shoe ing Shop3 anfiyaa make all kinds of (Hi Slices. Defy competition hi Shoeing Crippled horses. Do all kindn of Smithing arrd Carriage work, enev* pfow t-iurcs. vfiu r.:<? t call. Tacs c Ts "à s c"s sTïT: es c o c s c s -~ THE GILT EDGE! F. H. LORiNG, Prop., CHOICEST TOES LIQUORS âM CIGARS. Princely furnished parlor rooms in connection. «KICK UpLOC K MAIN STREET. ANBACH & MOOKE, Proprietors of the Chicago Beer Hell Fine .Concert Every Night and Sunday Afternoon. Hot and Cold\ Lunch At any time during tlie day. Choice Liquors and Cigars always on hand. ST. LOUIS BEER HALL! OHAS. M00BE, Prop. Beer by the glass, qaart or keg. — ALSO — GAMBLING HOUSE, Where nothing but square dealing is al lowed. Short Order House in connection. Meals at troin 25 to 50cents, at ail hours of the day. T. R. MAYO'S W II Upper JViîiin Street, Are the Most Elegantly Furnished In the West. None Bnt Expert Workmen Employed ! _ j Bath Booms in Connection . j jp^"Finest stock of Barber supplies in Montana 1 CORNWELL & LOCKE, PIlOnilETOKS OF THE Pari Street Saloon, HAVE ALWAYS IN STOCK THE Finest Brands of Wines, Liq u ors an d G iga rs. Tlie Best Pool ai Billiards Tallies -TO BE FOUND IN TI1E CITY.— Furnished Rooms in Connection Bank Saloon, J. H. BOWMAN, Prop. Lower Mam St., - Livingston. FANCY DRINKS A Specialty. Also the lest brands of Im ported Mid Domestic Cigars. Welcome gents: Call again,_ 'THE OASIS" J. LISE, Prop Lower Main Street, - Livingston. Fine Liquors and Cigars. Bowling Alley and Pool Table In connection. P. O. SAMPLE ROOM, J. V. HARMON, Prop. The public is cordially invited to sample my choice brands of Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Keg Beer always on tap. Lower Main Street FEED CORRAL, Billy Miles, Prop. BALED HAY, CHOP FEED, WHEAT and OATS for sale by the pound or in CAR LOTS. Best of care given to all Stock placed in my cave Prices Reasonable WM. WOOLSEY'S STAGE, EXPRESS AND FREIGHT LIE FROM i Livingston to White Sulphur Springs, Leaves Livingston on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, making three trips per week as follows: Leaves Livingston Mommy! a:riving at White Sulphur the same dav and on Tuesdav. Passengers aad,expreK* eaJely carrie i at reason able rates. Also heavy fteigu« u. impelled to or from either point v. it Ai dispatlh, ! ■. • JAMES CARROLL, X'eed ©aa.d. Sale Stable ! Full Rigs and Saddle Horses on the Shortest Notice. g^"HORSES BOARDED BY THF DAY, WEEK OR.MONTH.^1 Horses, Harnesses, Wagons, Baled Hay and Oats bought and sold. Gen He horses for the use ot ladies to belaid at a moments notice. Prices reasonable. Stableeorner C and Lewis Sts., Livingston, Montana, GEO. W. METCALF & CO., Feed and Sale Stables, CORNER MAIN AND CLARK STREETS. FINEST "TURNOUTS" IN THE CITY, Tourists and Travelers carried to or from the remotest points with safety and dispatch Horses, Mules, Harness and Wagons bought and sold. Oats a.ncL Baled. Hav, Stock boarded by the day or week. Spectal attention given to Gentlemen Drivers Terms as reasonable as any in the city. Call and see ns. I. ORSCHEL & BRO„ Wholesale and Retail Dealers in T G-EOCEEIE Clothing, Furnishing Goods, EEa/ts, Caps, Boots, Sb-oes, Tobacco and AIJ, Kinds of Smokers' Articles. JOBBERS IN' WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, AGEJVTS FOR Ph. Best Keg and Bottle Beer, Western Cigar Co., Detroit, Mich., t ahn & Bergman, Merchant Tailors, Wilson Bros., Chicago Shirt Makers. LIVINGSTON and MILES CITY. E. GOUGHNOUR, Proprietor of Steam Saw and Planing Mills; Also Dealer in BZBZEB ! I would respectfully announce to the peosle of Livingston and surrounding country, tat I now have in stock "and am constantly receiving the finest stock of Eastern and Native Lumber ever kept in the Yellowstone Valley, consisting of Lumber Tar anfl Plain Paper Sash, Doors, Blinds, Monldinp, Brackets Carpet Felt, Plaster Paris, Plastering Hair, Screen Doors, Pickets; In. short, everything usually kept in a first class Lumber lard. I have also a Planing Mill which enables me to dr ss our Native Lumber into every coneieveable shape required by the trade. Bill stuff for large buildings made a specialty, and prices always as low as the lowest. Yards ami office on Second Street. K. GOUGHNOUR. T2a.e EEea»d.q. _ o.a»rters Billiard Parlor, DRAPER & MULKERN, Proprietor SECOND STREET, LIVINGSTON, M. T. Fine Bar, supplied with nothing but the BEST brands of Wines, Liquors and Cigars, both Imported and Domestic. Private rooms in connection. Parlor Restaurant, The Best Place iu the City to get a FIRST-CLASS Meal Ai wavs on hand. FOULKS & KELLEY, PROFS. Main Street, Four doors from Postoffice. H. FRANK, Park Street Clothier, Has just received a large stock of Beady-Made Clothing, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, Cloths and Underwear, Of the best qualitv, and for the next 30 days special inducements will be offered. --MERCHANT TAILORING-- Our cutting and fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction Park Street, - - - _-_ Livingston. The Livingston Hotel LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. The Largest and Most Commodious, accommodating double the number of guests of any other hotel in the town. An excellent cuisine; the table sup plied with all the luxuries of the season. Parlors and Rooms fitted up with all the comforts of a home, with polite and courteous attendants. Special at tention given to Tourists and Travelers, and information freely given relative to the innumerable wonders, and different routes through the Great National Park. A Free Bus attends the arrival and departure of all Trains. Choice Wines. Liquors and Cigars at the*Bar in connection with the House J. B. NOLAN, Fro-or TERMS REASONABLE. DBaTbcoclr ds 2v£iles, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in T AND AGRICULTUR AL IM PLEMENTS. Barbed Wire By the Pound or Car Load. SpciafattenUon giveut to Sheet-iron and Ccipej work; also Tin Reefing.