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BAKING TIN PLATES.
Iron Several Times Doubled, Ho* heated and Rolled. > " Black Plate" Put In tli« "Pickle" of Acid—How the Tin Contins I* Ap plied. [Scientific American.] The following is the process at the Dyffryn Plate works, Morriston, near Swansea, "Ç'ales: In the first place we have what is termed l|ar iron, several feet long, about seven inchei f ide, and from one-half to five-eighths of an ch in thickne s, rolled according to tha plates required at so many pounds per foot 21 ii is cut in what may be termed a jack-in-the* %>x or steam shear, say about nineteen founds, to a piece which will eventually be tilled into sixteen sheets of twenty inchea (mg by fourteen inches wide, 112 of such jfciects forming a box, and weighing when tinned nearly 100 pounds. This piece of iron is first placed in a re laboratory furnace, heared to redness, put (trough the chilled rolls, and rolled in what iB termed thicks five time?; reheated, and «Oiled in si lgles twice; doubled, reheated, 4&d rolled three times, doubled, reheate 1, « d rolled twice; doubled, reheated, and foiled in eighths twice, until they are stretched Oht to the required leugth and thickness. Tue length of the bar exceeds by about one ffich the width of the sheet to be mad \ so as £> allow for the shearing process, and the bar is therefore rolled with its axis parallel Cp that of the rolls. Great attention is nec tary in the construction and ma ua re ment rf the mill furnaces, so that the heating of Qie bar and sheet for rolling may be pffected with the utmost regularity, and Without the formation of scale on the sur fâce of the bars or sheets; for when scaling fekes place from the draught in the fur pace being too keen or the heat raised too fligh, the quality of the iron is injured; the Cale, if subsequently rolled into the iron, feaves a rough surface on the plates in the after process of separating and pickling. The plates are then sheared, and the rough pjges taken off. The iron of nineteen founds or thereabouts makes sixteen sheets, Which, being cut in halves, leaves eight Äeets in a piece closely wedged. Girls with i^nall iron hatchets open or separate them. ley are termed black plate. From one ton of dfear iron about 1,675 pounds of black plate is Cade; the loss is termed shearings, and is Worked up again in the forge fineries. . The fiâtes ore next sent to be pickled, i. e., im mersed in heated dilute sulphuric add, known C oil of vitriol The p'ates are placed in a cradle or recep ljp*'le, lifted by a hydraulic, then dropped ffito a round wooden or lead tank containing ffie acid: the cradle is than made to revolve fy means of steam power, to enable the liquid to rush between tha sheets, which rev $ution is retained. They are lifted again by fbe hydraulic, dropped into a tub, a little Mx art from the last, containing water only, tjje cradle revolving as in hu t tub, so that tfce water may rush between the sheets to «geau<*e or wash away all tiare of the acid; when taken up again the plates are cloan and bright as silver. The plates are next subjected to a bright red*heat, which lasts from twelve to twenty four hours, in closed iron annealing pots in a reverberatory furnace; they are well covered qti the top to prevent the plates from being burnt, the heat is kept as high as it can be Without softeni g them co su jU a degree as to cause them to stick so fast together as to prevent their separation when cold. , They next pass singly through cold rolls, tfiree, four, or more timos, as may be deemed requi>ite. These roll* are highly polished, «ni mu't bo set in accurate order to give the fiâtes a perfectly flat set and weil polished -surface. Again they are Annealed on softened at a lower temperature than the first, as their surface* would be dr.maged by being in any <jh ive slue c together. Pi ide l again, as be fore. ex.tpJng that tin liquid is considerably j we ker than previously, placed in cast-iron | troughs containing c eau water renewed by a Stream constantly flowing through—they are then taken in hand singly, and scoured if n c «çsarv with s mi and hempen pads before be ing delivered to tha tin-man. Now comas the la -t process. The sheets are Iron only so lar. They next reach the tan house, au 1 are place i in a trough containing «lean water, ready for the t nina i, a - he is term?!, who then picks them up and puts them singly in a grea e pan containing pahn «HL to soak. and after being there for a s îort time,.the tinman places ti e sheets in a large Iron p it containing molten tin, with a cover ing of palm oil. Here it imites with he tm, to which it l as a strong affinity; when he has peri rmed his part the places are handed over to the next man, called a wa hman. whose pot contains pure moden tin;after they have •oako.l in his pot a little, he raises them with % tongs in to the hob as he re quires them, brushes the surfaces of fW>th side* of each sheet, and after dipping them into another pot containing molten ii agA-tt, they are tent tbr ugh rolls which * ,r.u a large pot containi .g palm oil, and t-.c oo a which the rolls move regulates the quantity of tin to be put ou each sheet. The V are afterward raised from the rolls luntb which they have been passing) by a y.u h called a riser, handed to two young W un n nhorubtiiem m bins or boxes con ti mug bran, one tf-er the other, which %4 .eso»r tha grease; another girl, tailed a <ui I er, gives them a fu. her polish Witha a*iin du ter. and takes them to the assorting r-i im. wuere every plate passe* inspection, qud id not up to t ie mark is sent back for xeetifieat.on. At. er passing through that ur .e.il. they are counted and weighed and «unie up into boxes. Buddhlam lit the G y mu auf am« [Rochester Pokt-Ex; ress,} "Tell me, George," whispered a Livingston Park girl the other night, "are yon a Budd m*/ . ... adj '1, cannot tell » hatchet Ever sine* l joined the Athletic associ tton l have bom getting up a gor*i dM of Nerve—Anna." '■'< * •«'■ .«In ' - II I I A ll : I ' _v-: & Bankrupt YOU Please to take notice that the undersigned have bought and will close out, re gardless of cost, the stock of goods formerly owned by Smith & Hagy, consisting of Goods. Groceries, Hats & Caps, Boots & Shoes, LADIES' AND GENTS FURNISHING GOODS! Etc., Etc., Etc. For Cash Only. Remember that this is no catch penny advertisement, gotten up for the purpose of deluding the public, by selling them one article at less than value only to cinch them plenty on the next, but is a bonafide Closing * out Sale, of the aforementioned STOCK AT LESS THAN COST. The goods will be sold at the old stand of Smith & Hagy, Main street, and at this place the public can find for the next sixty days, Ever tail for office BARGAINS Fine Unprecedented in the trade history of Montana. Never mind the Presidential elec tion for yon cannot vote anyway, but spend your time rustling cash with which to maKe for yourselves m Park guests plied all to Purk Choice I OESCHEL & BEO., Have just received the finest, largest and most complete line of CLOTHING! FUmSHUTG GOODS, Hats,Caps,Boots and Shoes, Glo es and Mittens, Ever brought into the Yellowstone Valley, and sold at Panic Prices. A large and well selected sto.k (new brands) of CIGARS, Which we can sell to the trade at Manufacturer's prices. Only wholesale dealers in Wines and Liquors in Easter Montana. Bar Fixtures and all kiuds of Smokers' Articles. LIVINGSTON. PARK ST., E. GOUGHNOUR, Proprietor of Steam Saw and Planing Mills; Also Dealer in BHE 5 ! I would tail now have Lumberever berever kept in the Yellowstone Valiev, consisting of Lmaber rar and Flail Paper Sash, Doers, Blinds, Mouldings, Brackets for large buildings mai Street* office on Second Hair, Screen Doors, Pickets; In short, everything ard. I have also a Planing Mill which enables me to __ concieveable shape required by the trade. Bill stuff made a specialty, and prices always as low as the lowest Yards and ^ E. GOUGHNOUR. Ml Billiard Parlor, DRAPER & MULKERN, Proprietors. MAIN STREET, LIVINGSTON, M . T. Fine Bar, supplied with nothit gbntthe BEST brands of Wines, Liquors ancTCigar?, both Imjiorted and Domestic. Private rqoms in connection. Parlor Eestaurant, Always has been and is still the leading Restaurant of the city. By strict attention to bus iness and always giving the best of everyth ng we have made i f so. Thankful - for past favors, we ask a continuance of the same. OYSTERS all STYLES. FOÜLKS & KELLEY, Main Street, Four doors from Post office. H. FEANK, Park Street Cloths Ofl 7 Has just received a large stock of Ready-Made Clothing, Cloths and Underwear GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, uiotns ano Of the best qualit v, and for the next 30 days special inducements will be « 11« i ed :--MERCHANT TAILORING--- Our cuttingaiid fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction Park Street, - - - - Livingston The Livingston Hotel LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. The Largest «lid Most fon nioflirtiis. accommodating double the number o guests of any other hotel in the town. An excellent cuisine; the table sup plied with ali the luxuries of the season. Parlors and Rooms tilted up "n 1 all the comforts of a hon»e. with polite and courteous ^at tend arts. ^ >i ♦rial at tention given to Tourists and Travelers, and information in eh given relative to the innumerabfe wonders» ; ml different routes through the Great Nations Purk À Free Bus attends the arrival and departure of all Trains. Choice Wines. Liquors and Ciuars at the Rar in connection with the House J. ;p. 3srOI-LAJN\ IPro-or TERMS REASONABLE. SalDCOcls de 2sÆiles, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in T .....AND... AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS. ...... J work; also Tin Beofing.