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THE MOKJNlNa TIMES, SUJSTDAY. AUGUST 29, 1897.
TIE SIS QF THE TIMES
ainilalian's Twentieth Cen
AMERICA AND ITS FUTURE
Clumped nnd Chunking Conditions
-Which. Bring the IKiltud Stutes
Into Close Connection With the
linropenn Powers Our Needs on
Lund and Sea The Coining War.
The outlook tlie signs of the times
what are they? It is not given to human
vison, peering into the future, to bee
more than as through a glass, darkly;
men as trees walking, oue cannot say cer
tainly whither. Yet signs may be noted,
even If lliey cannot he fully or precisely
interpreted; and among thein I should
certainly nay is to he observed the general
outward impu!-e of all the civilized na
tions of the Jirst order of greatness ex
cent our own. Bound and swatued in tl'e
tradition" of our own eighteenth century-,
-when Ave were as truly external to the
European woiid as "we are now a part of
It- -we, under the specious plea of peace
zuid plentv fulness of bread-Jiug an
ideal rf isolation and reftise to recognize
tiie solidarity of interest with which the
world of Kuropean civilization must not
only look forward to, but go out to meet,
tl e future that, whether near or remote,
teems, to await it. I say we do & , I should
more sjrelv express my thought by say
ing that the outward impulse already Is
in the majority of the nation, as bhown
when particular occasions arouse their at
tention, r-ut that it is as yet retarded, and
may be retarded perilously .long, by those
whose view of national policy are gov
erned by maxims framed in the infancy
of the Republic.
Coincident with the long pause which
the Freuch revolution imposed upon the
process or external colonial expansion
which wis so marked a feature of the
eighteenth century, there occurred an
other tfugular manifestation of national
energies, In . the creation of the great
Etaudiug arniies of modern days, them
selves the outcome of the levee en masse,
and of the general conEcription which
the revolution bequeathed to us along
with Its expositions of the rights of man.
Beginning with the birth of the century,
perfected during its continuance, its close
finds then, in full maturity and power,
with a development in numbers, In re
eerve force, in organization, and in ma
terihi for the war over which the econo
mist pcrprtutlly wails, whose existice
he denounces and whose abolition he de
mands. As freedom has grown and
frengtiifned, so have they grown and
Fl lengthened. Is this singular produce
or a centuiy, whose gains for .political
liberty are uudeniuble, a mere gtoss per
version of human activities, as is so con
fidently clalm-d on many sides? Or is
there possibly in It also a sign of tho
tinios to come, to be studied in connec
tion with other signs?
"What has been the effect of these great
armies? Manifold, doubtless. On the eco
nomlcal side there is the diminution of pro
duction, the tax upon men's time and lives,
the disadvantages or evils so dinned daily
into our ears that there is no need of re
peating them here. Butis there nothing to
the credit side of the account, even per
haps a balance in their favor? Is it
nothing, in an age when authority is
weakening and restraints are loosening,
that the youth of a nation passes through
a school in which order, obedience and rev
erence are learned; where the body Is
hysteniatially developed; wl.ere ideals or
fcelf-surrender, of courage, of manhood,
fire ineuloated, necessarily, because funda
mental conditions of military success? Is
It nothing that masses of youths out of the
fields and the streets are brought to
gether, mingled with others of higher In
tellectual antecedents, taught to work and
to act together, mind in contact with mind,
nnd carrying back into civil lire that re
spect for constituted authority which is
urcently needed in these days, when law
lessness is erected into a religion?
It is a suggestive lesson to watch the
expression and movements of a number
of rustic conscripts undergoing their first
drills, and to contrast them with the
finished results ah Eeen in the faces and
hearing of the soldiers that throng the
btreets. A military training Is not the
worst preparation for an active life, any
more than the years spent at college are
time lost, as another school of utilitarians
Insists. Is it nothing that wars are less
frequent, peace better secured, by the mu
tual respect of nations for each other's
strength: and that, when a convulsion does
comc.it raises rapidly, leaving the ordi
nary course of events to resume sooner, and
therefore more easily? "War now not only
occurs more rarely, but has rather the
character of an occasional excess, from
which recovery is easy. A century or more
ago It was a chronic disease. And withal,
the military spirit, the preparedness not
merely the willingness, which is a differ
ent thing to fight in a good cause, which
is a distinct good, is more widely diffused
and more thoroughly possessed than ever
Jt was when the soldier was merely the
paid man. It is the nations now that are
In arms.and not simply the servants of the
As.iu nnd the Future of Chrisstlnn
In the ebb and flow of human affairs,
rnder those mysterious impulses, the origin
ot which is bought by some in a personal
Providenoe, by some In laws not yet fully
understood, we stand at the opening of a
period when the perplexing question is to
be settled decisively, though the issue may
be long delayed, whether Eastern or West
ern civilization Is to dominate throughout
the earth and to control its future The
groat task now before the world of civilized
Christianity, its great mission, which it
must fulfill or perish, is to receive into its
own bosom and raise to its own ideals
thow ancient and different civilizations
by which it is surrounded and outnumbered
the civilizations at the head of which
ctand China, India and Japan. This, to
cite the most striking of the many forms
in which It is presented to us, Is surely
the mission which Great Britain, sword
ever at hand, has been discharging toward
India; but that stands not alone. The
history of the present century has been
that of a constant Increasing pressure ot
our own civilization upon these older ones
till now, as we cast our eyes in auy direc
tion, there is everywhere a stirring, a rous
ing from sleep, drowsy for the most part,
but real, unorganized as yet, but conscious
that that which rudely interrupts their
dream of centuries possesses over them at
leaEt two advantages power and material
prosperity the things which unsplritual
humanity, the world over, most craves.
What the ultimate result will be it
would be vain to prophesy; the data for
a guess even are not at hand; but it is
not equally impossible to note present
conditions, and to suggest present con
derations, which may shape proximate
action, and tend to favor the preponder
ance of that form of civilization which
we cannot but deem the most premising
for the future, not ot our race only, but
of the world at large.
Thepeoplesof European civilization, after
a period of comparative repose, are ad-
vanclug all along the line, to occupy not !
only the desert places of the earth, but the j
debatable grounds, the buffer territories, '
which hitherto have separated them from '
those ancient nations with whom they (
now soon muse stand race to face and
border to border. But who will 6ay that '
this vabt general movement represents tnc '
thought, even the unconscious thought, I
of any one man , as Caesar, or of any few '
men? To whatever cause we may assies?
it, whether to the simple conception of a i
personal Divine Monarchy that shapes our i
cnds.or to more complicated ultimate causes,
the responsibility rests upon the shoulders
of no individual men. Necessity is laid
upon the peoples, and they move, like
the lemmings or Scandinavia; but to man,
being not without understanding like the
beasts that perish, It is permitted to ask,
"Whither?" and "What shall be the end
bereor?" Does this tend to universal
peace .general disarmament, and the treaties
or permanent arbitration? Is it the
harbinger of ready mutual understanding,
of quick acceptance of, and deliglit in.
opposing traditions and habits of life and
thought? Is such quick acceptance found
now where Easterns and Westerns im
pinge? Does contact forbodc the speedy
disappearance or great armies and navies,
and dir tide the wisdom of dispensing with
that form of organized force which at
presentis embodied in them?
What, tjseu, vi ill be the actual conditions
when these civilizations of diverse origin
and radically distinct-because the evolu
tion of racial characteristics radically
different -confront each other without
the Interposition of any neutral belt,
by the intervention of which tho contrasts,
being n.ore remote, are less apparent, and
within which distinctions shade one inU.
Positions suitably chosen, frontiers suit
ably advanced, will do much 10 letard and
by gaining time to modify the disaster to
the oue party, and to convert the general
issue to the benefit ol the world. Hence
the immense importance of discerning be
times what the leal value of positions is.
and whcie occupation should betimes be
gin. Here, in part at least, is the signifi
cance of the great outward movement of
the European nations today. Consciously
or unconsciously they are advancing the
xutposts of our civilization, and accumu
lating the line or defenses which will per
mit Jt to survive, or at least will insure
that it shall not go down till it has lea
vened the character of the world for a fu
ture brighter even than its past, just nb the
Roman civilization Inspired and exalted
its Teutonic conquerors and continues to
bless them to this day.
The G renter America.
The same tendency is shown in the
undeniable disposition of the British peo
ple and of British statesmen to cultivate
the good will of the United Stutes, and to
draw closer the relations between the two
countries For the disposition underly
ing uich a tendency Mr Balfour has used
an expression, "race patriotism," a phrase
which findc its first approximation, doubt
less, in the English-speaking family, but
which may well extend Its embrace. In a
time yet distant, to all those who have
drawn their present civilization from the
same remote sources. The phrase is so
pregnans of Kdutlon for the problems of
the future, as conceived by the writer,
that he hopes to see it dbtain the cur
rency due to the value of the Idea which
It formulates. That this- disposition on
the part of Great Britain, toward her
colonies and toward the United States,
rhows aaind policy as well a- sentiment
may be readily gi anted; but why should
sound policy, the seeking of one's own
advantage, if by open and honest means,
be Imputed as a crime? In democracies,
however, policy cannot long dispute the
scepter with sentiment.
That there is lukewarm response in the
United States is due to that narrow con
ception which grew up with the middle
of the century, whose analogue in Great
Britain is the Little England party, and
which in oui own country would turn all
eyes inward, and see no duty save to our
selves. How shall two walk together ex
cept they be agreed? How shall there be
true sympathy between a nation whose
political activities are world-wide, and
one that eats out Its heart in merely in
ternal political strife? When we begin
leally to look abroad, and to busyourselves
with our duties to the world at large in
our generation and not before we shall
stretch out our hands to Great Eritain,
realizing that in unity of heart among tho
English-freaking races lies the best hope
of humanity in the doubtful days ahead.
The Fature Hiitt!c-3 round of the
Considering the American States as
members of the European family, as they
are by traditions, Institutions and lan
guages, it Is in the Pacific, where the west
ward course of empire again meets the
East, that their relations to the future of
the world become most apparent The
Atlantic, bordered on either shore by the
European family in the strongest and most
advanced types ofitspolitlcaldevelopiiient,
no longer severs, but binds together, by
all the facilities and abundance of water
communications, the once divided chil
dren of the same mother; the inheritors of
Greece and Heme, and of the Teutonlo
conquerors of the latter. A limited ex
press or a flying freight may carry a
few passengers or a small bulk overland
from the Atlantic to the Pacific more rap
idly than modern steamers can cross the
former ocean, but Tor the vast amounts in
numbers or in quantity whiohare required
for the full fruition of communication it is
the land that divides and not the sea. On
the Pacific coast, severed from their
brethren by desert and mountain range,
are found the outposts, the exposed pioneers
of European civilization, whom it is one
of the first duties of the European family
to bind more closely to the malu body, and
to protect, by due foresight over the ap
proaches to them on either side.
It is essential to our own good, It is
yet more essential as part of our duty to
the commonwealth of peoples to which
we racially belong, that we look with
clear, dispassionate, but resolute eyes
upon the fact that civilizations on differ
ent planes of material prosperity and
progress, with different spiritual ideals,
and with very different political capaci
ties, are fast closing together, It is a
condition not unpiecedentetl In t - kllory
of the world. When it berell a great
united empire, enervated by long years
ot unwarlike habits among its chief citi
zens, it entailed ruin, but ruin prolonged
through centuries, thanks to the provi
sion made beforehand by a grpat' general
aud statesman. The Saracenic and Turk
ish Invasions, on the contrary, after gen
erations of advance, were first checked,
and then rolled back; for they fell upon
peoples, disunited indeed toy internal
discords and strife, like the nationb of
Europe today, but still nationb of war
riors, ready by training and habit to
strike for their rights, and, if need were,
to die for them. In the providence of
God, along with the immense Increase of
prosperity, of physical and mental luxu
ry, brought by this century, there has
grown up also that counterpoise stigma
tized as "militarism," which has convert
ed Europe into a great camp of soldiers
prepared for war. The ill-timed cry for
disarmament, heedless of the menacing
possibilities ot the future, breaks idly
against a great fact, which finds its suffi
cient justification In present conditions,
but which Is, above all, an unconscious
preparation for. something as yet noted
but by few .
A merlon a Sea Power.
In the isthmus the United States lias as-
Iserted a special interest. In the present
she can maintain her claim, and in the
fut-jre perform her duty, only by the cre
ation of that 6ea power upon which pre
dominance in the Caribbean must ever
depend. In short, as the Internal jealousies
ol Europe, and the purely democratic in
stitution of the levcj en nmsse-the .gen
eral enforcement of military training have
prepared the way Tor great national armies,
whose mission seems yet obscure, so the
gradual broadening and tightening land
upon the sentiment of Americau democracy
of that coavictiun loosely characterized as
the Monroe doctrine finds its logical, in
evitable outcome in a great sea power, the
correlative, i& connection with that of
Great Briiaiu, of those armies which con
tinue to flourish under the most popular
institutions, despite the wails of economists
and the lamentations of those whq wish
peace without paying the one pricn which
alone she has inbured peace -readiness
Nothing Is more ominous for the future
of our race than that tendency, vociferous
at pres-nt. which refuses to recognize iu
the profession of arms, In war, that
something which inspired Wordsworth's
"Happy Warrior," which soothed the
dying hours of Henry Lawrence, who
framed the ideals of his career on the
poet's conception, and so nobly illustrated
it iu his self-sacrifice; that something
which has made the soldier to alt ages
the type of heroism and or self-denial.
When the religion of Christ, of Him who
was led as a lamb to the slaughter,
seeks to raise before its followers the
image of self-control, and of resistance
to evil, it s the soldier whom it presents.
He Himself, if by office King of Pence,
is first of all, In the essence of Uis Being,
King ot .Righteousness, without which
true peace cannot be.
Conflict; is the. 'condition of all life,
material and spiritual; and it Is to the
soldier's experience that the spiritual
life goes foi its most vivid metaphors
and its loftiest Inspirations- Whatever
else the twentieth century may bring
us. It will not, from anything now cur
rent in the thought of the nineteenth
receive a nobler ideal. Captain A. T.
Mahau In Harper's Magazine.
THE COLONEL'S DRUNK.
The major sat on the hotel veranda,
a cigar in his mouth and his feet on the
railing, when Col. Nash came across the
square. The major saw that the colonel
was "tangled In the legs," and that he
was headed for the veranda, but he was
not the man to give anything away.
"Ah! Majah zhat you?" exclaimed the
colonel, as he "pulled iiimseir up the steps
and earne to a halt.
"Kurael Nash, good mawnin' to you
good mawnin'," heartily replied the
major, as he arose and extended hib hand.
"N-nlce day, Majah Davis?"
"Powerful nice day, .Kurnel Nash. Won't
yon sit down, sah?"
"C-can't stop, majah got 'er go down
'er bank. Good day, sah."
He went off down the steps, walked half
a block up tiie street, and returned to say:
"All! Majah Davis zhat you?''
"Why, Kurnel Nash, good mawnin' good
mawnin' to you!" replied the major, its he
got his legs under him again.
"Hev I hev I sheen you befo' this
"No, sail. Won't you takesunthln' with
"Shanks, but 'er gotter go down 'er
bank. Sheen you up yere and just came
over, you know. Good mawnin', Majah
"Good mawnin', Kurnel Nash."
The colonel fumbled his way down tha
steps and zig-zagged across the street, and
alter hugging a hitching post for a mo
ment he returned over the route to say:
" 'Scuse me, sah, but hev you sheen Ma
jah Davis 'iound' yere zhis mawnin'?"
"I am Majah Davis, sah. Kurnel Nash,
glad to '-ee you powerful glad. Been out
of town, sah?"
"Not 'zartly, majah not 'zactly. Majah,
how long have you been 'round yere?"
"About an hour, sah,"
"And hev I i'-ecn 'round yere befo'?"
"No, sah. Powerful good cotton vyea
"Yes. Glad 'er slice you, majah, but
I gotter go down 'er banlr. You'll 'scuce
me, won't you?"
"Oh, certainly. Hoped you would take
a nip with me. but business before pleas
uie. See you later, kurnel see you later.
Th'' colonel made off down the street
this time, but after going a hundred feet
he halted, puzzled for a moment, and then
returned to the man on the veranda to say
" "Sense me, sah, but I'm lookin' f'r
"1 am Majah Davis," replied the sitter,
as he rose and bowed, "and I take it
that you are Kurnel Nash?"
"Zhe same, sah. Majah D.vvis, hev 1
sheen you befo' zhis mawnin'?"
"Not this mawnin', Kurnel."
"And would you shay, shir would you
shay I was zhrunk?"
"No sah, I wouldn't."
"Honest Injun, sah. Do you feel that
you are inebriated?"
"Can't zhactly shay, Majah Davis, but
sunthing's wrong. I'm either zhrunk or
a fool, or else you are a liar and a gentle
man, and I gotter go down 'er bank and
SCATTERING HIS ENEMY.
That he was from Cariboo there was
no doubt. Why, nuggets from Omineca
were nothing compared to what "grew"
in Cariboo, neither for gold nor "bars."
It was back in the fifties when my part
ner set out to do a little work on some
ground we cwned, nnd he had to camp
tor the first night on the banks of a creek.
He set out his pack, and deposited, at a
safe distance, several sticks of giant
powder, caps and fuse Then he went
to the creek for a pan of water. While
there ho heard a great rumpus, and, look
ing back, saw a big grizzly bear at his
explosives. He yelled and threw stone?
at. it, but the grizzly was too much fas
cinated wth the sweet-tasting giant pow
der; but when Bill began to fire larger
rocks Mr. Bruin got down to business and
made a bce-Hnc for him.
"Bill did not stop to discuss the matter,
but wen1; up the nearest tree like a wild
cat. Now. a peculiar thing about a grizzly
bear is the fact that it cannot climb a
tree; so Bill felt safe; at least, for a
while. But, though a grizzly Is not a
climber, he can play a waiting game to
perfection, having that faculty abnormally
developed; so he sat and waited for Bill's
pleasure to descend. Bill was much happier
up above, however, and had little use
for terra firma at that moment.
"Then the giant powder must have oc
curred to the bear again, for he walked
over to where It was and commenced to
gulp it down, taking for dessert the caps
and fuse. Then he camped at the foot of
Bill's tree again. BUI was enjoying a
smoke, when a happy thought struck him
A lump of fuse was protruding from the
grizzly's mouth: so, reaching down as far
as he could, he knocked the burning to
bacco out. of his pipe and It fell on the
fuse. A few moments afterward, there
was a loud explosion, and Bill descended
to guther up enough bear meat to keep him
all v, inter." Vancouver World.
A Cnse With Possibilities.
An ingenious woman In Dnrango, Colo ,
who has ever felt a fear that her clothing
might some time catch fire, has invented
a device for her own protection. By the
mere pulling ot a string every fastening In
her garments is released and they fall
from her. It 1b to be hoped that she will
never be em03rra6setLby a false alarm.
WONDERFUL HEW COTTON.
Gorla An uzed by u Kew Mid-African
AtlanM, Ga . A ug, 2S -'It has been left to
Adolpti Kyle, an English Jew,. who is now
if alive, somewhere lit the Klondike region,
to revolutionize cotton growing In the South,
to change the method or production of the
greases', money crop In the world, thntbr.ncs
$36,000,00". annually to the producers,
a3hle :rc.' whub accrues to the transporta
tion con pnnies. the- ractors, dealers in
futures, manufacturers and merchant;,.
From r. lew seed brought from the heart
of equal r r.' A mu thrceyears ago enough
cotton hi's been grown, to prove beyond a
doubt i h.v he has b.3.i the means or&olving
the problem of profitable production, which
has long puzzled the political cconomlstd oi
the cou'itry. In spite of all that has beensahi
and written, the fa? is still patent to the
thiukiug man that cotton Isstill kinglnthe
South, and the commercial monarch is moie
firmly seated on his throne than ever before
in the history ol the world
One day in tha autumn ot 1S9-1 a traveler,
bronzed and bearded from the effects of the
tropical sun and a long sea voyage, about
forty rive yea's old, robust and sinewy,
signed, "Ado'.ph Kyle, England," on the
hotel register ut the Kltni-all House, and
ordered his somewhat ctmbrous luggage
carried to his room He wus soon sur
rounded byacrowdotcurloiiHcolonels, who
wer. anxioiiSvolenrn whatpartlcular brand
of spirits he affected, and, Incidentally,
something of his antecedents, and whether
or uo' he had any spare cash to Invest In
suburban lo:s or mining schemes.
Partly through natural garrulity and
partly through a dPslie to gratify the mani
fest cur!o3ity of the colonels, he began to
relate scraps of his adventures among the
jungles ot Central Africa, and or the re
markable slghis and scenes thatcame under
his observation. He regaled them with
hunting stories, tales of the slave trade
which made their mouths water, and of the
wonderful vegelablo productions of tliat
region ot eternal summer
"In December, 1802, I joined a party
of prospectors," said he, "and we .et
cut on a toui of exploration to the country
or the Cong.. It was an arduous nnd t
taking, mil or perils aud privations; but
we were ail young Englishmen who hi'l
ttarted out to seek our fortunes, nnd we
had all tc win and little to lose; and for
many months we wandered among the
juneles or central Africa, meeting witn
the savage tribes and passing through
strmge scenes innumerable, such us mty
he seen only in that wonderful land.
"One day along in 18u3 we plthccd our
camp on the outskirts of an African village,
cbout twenty miles south of the equnhr,
and 1,000 miles from tho coast. I ob
se;ved growing near the camp a thicket if
enormous cotton plants, twenty feet ami
ever in height, and covered from bottom
to top with snowy pods und blossbms.
It attracted my attention because or ne
abundance or the plant, which was limb
less, and bore the puds at the base or the
b;g, broad, fig-llkek leaves, and only a
few inches from the stem of the plunr,
which shot straight up from the ground
Mid appeared like a young tree.
"I tried to learn of the natives what use,
if any, they nade of It, tiut they seemed
utterly ignorant of Its utility. I had .een
cotton growing in ' Egypt!, and the sim
ilarity of the plants'caused me to think to
myself that ir this plant could be introduced
into a civilized cotton growingoountry, aud
could be made to grbw luxuriantly and
rruit as abundantly as Ifc'did there in the
primeval wilds, it would make the fortune
or the man who introduced it.
"I cut orr a section of the plant that had
more than GOO pods on It by actual count,
and was more tban'Vweuty feat in height.
The section was about eighteen inches long
and had sUty-flvc pods' open on It, und I
carried it away among my luggage as a
curiosity. At first I carefully -wrapped it in
a piece of antelope skin and packed it
among other souvenirs of my wanderings
Wc were then on the return Journey to the
coast, and on the way we were upsst in a
turbulent stream by the overturning of a
rartand all our belongings were thoroughly
Iu diving ray cotton stalk I smoked It
slightly, but Ipreserved itandon arrivingat
thp ;onst I wrapped it in a piece ot dressed
shark skin to protect it fnm the salt water
and air on the voyage to the Cape. Ar
riving there, I did not like the turn affairs
had taken, so I rt&ohed to visit America.
The only relative that I have in the world
that I know of is a ort of half cousin
who is in the service of the Baffin's Bay
Company, and I am now on my way U
that part of the country in search or nim
I inherited a little money, and having no
home ties, I 1-ave lesolved to gratify my
taste for travel.
"I noticed in traveling through thi.-,
countiy that your principal crop is cotton
Now, I have cairied that piece of cotton
foi many n,onths, and it has traveled G.000
miles of land and sea, so that I doubt if
the seed will germinate; but I want to
give Jt to some good fellow, who will ex
periment; wit filt and sccbU ltcan l.e natural
ized in a cotton-growing country, where
civilized methods of cultivation are under
stood." There is a man living In this country-
who has devoted many years to the study
ot 1 hecot ton plant,' said oneof the colonels,
who had heard the story, "and he can tell
you in a few minutes whether it can be
grown iu this country."
"Beud for him and I will make him a
present of the cotton," said the traveler
A note was dispatched to old Thomas A.
Jackson, who lives not far from the city,
and on the next day he called oa Kyle at
his rooms in the Kimball Farmer Jackson
is an East Tennesseean, was an aide-de-camp
to a Confederate general in the war,
and left his native laud because of the
hostility of the Brownlow faction im
mediately after tho war. He Is a man of
large experience in cotton growing and
bds a lib-ral education and an inquiring
turn of mind. He had been studying the
history of the cotton plant ror years, aud
as soon as he laid eyes on the withered stalk
that had been cairied eo many miles he
saw that it was ot a different genus
"rom the shrub cotton of Bouth America
or the annual plant of Australia.
Ho had a long talk with Kyle and, while
the othri!c'lonelB made light of the
story, Jackson listened very attentively
and finally carried ofr the dilapidated
specimen to his (KiurliCtye farm among the
reddest of the red hilfcrjf Georgia. Care
fully he l.ick'd the leaves from the silken
locks ot cotton, observing that many of
the pods cr bolls cont3ied five separate
cells each instead of four, which is the
rule with the ordinary cotton. Out of the
265 seed secured, fifty-seven germinated
in the garden plot where he planted them
in the spring of 1895.
The sturdy plants grew rapidly, each
putting forth, at first, a pair of ordinary
leaves, and immediately, above thmi a
second leaf, which grew out from the stem
about two inches.1 Then followed a joluo,
at -which a cluster of "squares" or buds
appeared, the leaf stalk continuing nnd
terminating in a bread thick leaf, whilj
the portions between the cluster and the
buds and the stalk thickened to the sie
ot a lead pencil, forming a support for tho
heavy bolls The plants grew ro a height
of twelve to fourteen feet, putting forth
alternately the general leaf and the fruit
bearing leaf, all the way to the top, and
continuing in full foliage till the frost fell,
except thaxtbs lower leaves dropped as the
holl matured, so that by the time the cot
ton was open and ready to pick the lea-ros
hod disappeared, leaving only the snowy
bolls ready to be gathered, free from trasn
or plant stains .
The discovery became noised abroad, and
cotten men from a long distance came to
J see it. Every seed was carefully picked
out by hand, and in 1890 there were
enough to plant half an acre, less thirteen
equare feet, as measured by a cotton ex
pert from Baltimore. The land composing
Jackson's little farm is not at all adapted
to cotton culture, and the rami had been
conducted as a grain-growing and dairying
establishment Tor years. But from that
hair acre Jaokson picked alittle over 2.00H
poundsof seed cotton. It was not carefully
ginned, but it yielded 800 pounds of the
rinest lint cotton ever grown in Georgia,
giving Tony insteud ot the usual thirty
three and one half poundsof lint to the 100
Exptrts say that it rivaled the rinest or
Egyptian cotton and wassuperiorln many
nupe.'ts fc the far-famed Sea Iij'a id pio lieu
The Clark Spool Cotton Company sent an
ageat here and of rerjd to gin the cotton on
thespecial machinery operated by the com
pany, so f.s to give tho fiber a thorough
test, but; Farmer Jackson declined the offer
and saved the sead carefully, selling a few
at the enormous price of 5 cents apiece iu
pncicngcaof 100 to some enthusiastic plant
ers who wished to give tin sed a trial. He
sold the lint for 15 cents a pound when
other cotton wai selling at 5 and 51-2 cents
a pound.. This year he planted six acres,
and he has today the most magnificent field
of cotton ever scm in Georgia. New York
HE WAS AN HONORABLE.
A farmer whom I met on the highway
three or four miles from Paola inquired it
I knew whether the Hon. Jim Ilensaw was
in town I replied that I didn't, and asked
him in turn If Mr. Henshaw was the mem
ber ot Congress from that district.
"No, mb. Jim hain't no member of
Congress," he replied.
"Member ot tho legislature, perhaps?'"
"No, sah, Jim never went to the leg's
lature." "Is he a judge or an alderman?" I per
sisted. "No, bah, he hain't," was the steady
reply. "He's just the Hou. Jim Henshaw
and nobo'ly else."
"But the term Is generally applied to men
of prominent political position. How c!o
you make Mr. Henshaw an honorable?"
"Wail, sah, it wasn't two y'urs ago
that he shot a mad dog which had bitter,
four bosses. Yes, sah shot that dog as
dead as a nail.''
"But that would hardly give him the
"Hold on, sah," he continued, with a
wave of his hand. "Jim Henshaw was
the firs man to dlskiver coal in this
"And he caught three men settingfire to
the schoulhouse at Graver's Corners and
shot one of them in the back. "
"And ne contributed S100 to git the race
track at Paola, and he's got the fastest
trottln' horse In this State."
"Go on, I said."
"And, sail, Jim Henshaw bet 500 on the
Presidential 'lection aud won it as straight
as a string.''
"Is that all?"
"Is that all!" he echoed as he began to
get red in the face. "No, sah. that
hain't all. Jim Henshaw kin cure poll
coil on a boss; set a broken leg on a dog;
takeofr wartsfrom a human bcin' in seven
days, and if thar's anybody yere who says
he hain't an Honorable that pusson better
git down ort his boss and git some sense
thumped Into his head!"
After a little reflection I agreed with
the farmer that Mr. Henshaw was fully
entitled to the appellation, and he grew
good-natured and offered me almost half a
plug of tobacco at parting.
BUTTER, EGGS AND FREE TRADE
Mr. Glatlstone has been expressing his.
views on the advantages or small culture I u
u speech at the meeting of the Hawniden
Horticultural Society, where Mrs. Gladstone
distributed the prizes. After praising
Hawarden and its butter he said:
"Xo doubt it seems almost riduculous it
we were to recommend tho pursuit of the
culture of fruits and flowers and butter and
egtrs and poultry to the farmers of this
country as a cure for all their distresses
At the same tlni2 It Is a matter to me of
Cvticme satisfaction to know that in my
own particular cases these recommendations
have been useful to farmers. For my part,
I am a very strong free trader, and I look
changes in the laws ot this eouhtry which
have made the products of the whole world
open to the population of thlscountry with
out let or hindrance or charge of auy kind
"The effect of that is delightrul to wit
ness, and, although there may be still
much to deMre-and there always will be
much to desire In the lot or our fellow
lalvuing men, when I compare this state
of things which now prevails with that
which prevailed In my youth; when I
compare that which you may hear from
your grandfathers with what you are able
to tell for yourselves with regard to food,
clothing, lodgings, the comfort and enjoy
ments ot life open to the people at large,
the change which It has been my happy
fortune to witness is an immense change.
"But, atlhe same time, ladiesund gentle
men, though I wish that the products or
the whole world should find their way
to the tables of the laboring people of this
country without let or hindrance, aud
tnjugh 1 hope that no delusions and no
quackery will ever induce the legislature
of this country to go back upon the happy
experience that it has witnessed, yet
If any of rhose products can be better
raised at home, I delight in it. If they
can be raised bettei and cheaper here, I say
I rejolcninit. When I find that 1,200.000,
000 eggs are laid all over Europe, to be im
ported into England, I cannot help think
ing that it would be a very good thing
it live or six hundred millions of those
eggs were laid at home, because you may
depend en this, that the nearer an egg is
laid to the place where it is consumed tha
better it will be.
"I do not believe that the egg-producing
faculty in this country is half ex
hausted, or, in point ot fact, is exer
cised in the degree to which it ought to
be exercised, and, therefore, while I re
joice mat the foreigner is allowed to sup
ply the Englishman with cheap food rather
than that the Englishman should not get
it, yet I say the more the Englishman can
grow that cheap food at home, the bet-ter-for
himself and the country." New York
As He Understood It.
An aged negro shuffled into the office
of Capt, Frank Cunningham at the city hall
the other day and made the popular city
collector's hair curl by announcing:
"Boss, I done come for to pay de license
on my pole cats."
"What," shouted Capt. Frank, as a hor
rible suspicion that the old darky had
brought them with him possessed him.
"My pole cats, boss. I wants to gin you
my pole cats," said the old man, thrusting
a black paw into the pocket of hisbreeches.
"Why do you want to give me your Dole
cats?" asked the collector, recovering his
equanimity as an idea dawned suddenly
"Case I owes it, boss;, an' dey dun tole
me dat cullod folks whu dou' pay dey pole
cats cyaut vote."
"Poll tax, by ginger!" yelled the col
lector with a great gasp ot relief and the
clerks all took up their pens again and
"Oh!" Slchmbnd State
The Sense of Power.
Thpre are some men who don't know
what greatness Is until they have sonicouit
working under them. Atchison Globe.
Away up in the northern counties of
Maine there I s a considerable district
which was settled by tha Toothacre family.
From that district they have spread out,
north, east, south and west, till the
name has become not uncommon in those
northern counties. The family, being of a
thrirty turn, have never seen any reason
for emigration, and consequently are not
On the top rail of the gate, then, ot a
Toothacre farmyard, sat, one April morn
ing, Moses Toothacre and the new hired
man. The new hired man's name was
Enwson, and he came from somewhere
down country, and had been to horseraces
and yacht races. and baton both. He, con
sequently, did not profess religion. Neither
did Mo--es; but Moses knew It was expected
of hlni in due time; wherein he differed
from Eawson. Law son expected nothing.
He went thiough lire with a joyous and
touching irresponsibility, and nobody that
had had experience with him eer ex
pected auy more or him than he did of
himself. 'Squire Toothacre had not yet
'Tully experienced Eawson; so he had gone
off to tt-p next town to bee about some
sheep, and le't Moses and Lawsan to see
aftr the farm.
l-awron was telling about bets, and it
fired Moses' soul. He would have liked
to bet on an election right then aud there,
but no election was due Tor two years, and
everybody knew which way the county
Would go. The Toothacres always voted by
tradition, and they were tolerably numer
ous. There was no horse racing, aud there
wasnothing morelike a yacht than the ship
that was painted on the face of the kitchen
clock. Lawson changed the subject.
"Awful neat woman, your ma is," said
"Ain't she, though," said Moses.
"Never; see no dust on her top shelves.
pursued Lawson ruminatlrrgly. "No spots
this literally. It would have taken a very
active and persistent riy to alight on Mrs.
Toothacre. He couldn't have stayed on her
more than hair a second If he had alighted.
Besides1, there were no flics in the Tooth
aci chouse. any more than there are snakis
in Ireland. If a mouse bad ventured in he
would have starved.
"She looks nice when she's dressed up,
ma does," said Moses; "when she gets on
her best bonnet and shawl. She's goin' to
wear 'em to sewin circle tomorrer. She
ain't missed a sewin' circle in ten yeard.
I'll bet " There! It was out "she
"What -will you bet she don't get thar
tiiriHermorroc-?" asked theaiert Lawson.
If she an' pa ain't goin' by Wilkins'
wcoc lol termorrer atternoon at 3 o'clock
pe-eistly," said Mobes, "you c'n have
Ba-kis." Barkis was the new dog and
Moses' especial property.
Well, If she doesn't," said Lawson, cau
tiously, "I'll give ye my Jackknlfe."
Now. Moes had coveted that knife, and
he felt that this bet had no element or
uttccitalnty. It did not cause the fever
ish excitement of gambling, but 11k eyes
wer. very bright as he slipped down from
th: gate and wandered toward the house.
As l neared the house he could smell
"i'o.'es, fill the kettle, will ye, son?"
Mm. Toothacre was clipping out the soft
circle of dough with the deftness and
exactitude of a machine. Moses dreamily
ofcejed. He lifted the dripping tin dip
per rroir. the pall beside the sink and
started toward the stove.
' Moses, Moses, wtmt are ye a-doin' of'"
pealer. ids mother. "Hold a dish under
that 'ere dipper so It won't strizzle water
all over this clean floor."
The etymology ot the word "strizzle" is
hidden In the mysteries ot New England his
tory, but Moses understood. He meekly,
as his great orielnal, picked up a tin basia
and held It under the dipper, as, with suc
cessive journeys, he filled the kettle. Then,
carrying & handful ot luscious brown rings,
so hot that he would fain have put them In
hi." pockets, he darted out ot the kitchen.
The morning dawned the mominot the
day when Moses would possess that four
bladed Jackknife. He felt as certain that
his mo' her, in satin bonnet and tomuto
colored sfriped shawl, would pass along
that pleasant road at 3 o'clock that after
non as that the sun would bit.
Mrs. Toothacre got her ham-and-eggs
breakfast for the "men-folks,- and packed
them orr to Wilkins' wood lot, two miles
from home, with their tin palls of sub
stantial noon fate. The sky was gray and
threatening, but Mrs. Toothacre serenely
got into her best black alpaca gown, anl
the 'squire harnessed the old pacing hor5e
that he kept for his personal use, and they
started. The wind was blowing up cold
from the cast
"Looks kin der thrcat'nln', don't it,
mother?" said the 'squire anxiously.
"Nothln' more'n a shower, I guess,"
said she, tucking a substantial umbrella
Into that rubber cloth arrangement on the
dasher of the buggy, known to their par
lance as the "loot." The name conveyed
unknown suggestion to Moses and his sis
ter Celia when they were small. In time
of storm the rubber blanket folded neatlj
against the dashboard was drawn neatly
up over their parents' knees, and they, on
their little stools in fiont, were hidden In
the mysterious black depth, and listened
to the raindrops pattering on their tent
root with a comforting sense of security.
They were in the lioot. It was something
like the shoe-childien in "Mother Goose."
Something morethan the bootwasneeded,
however, to keep off the weather which
came up. like the sweep of a storm king's
robe, over thn purpling hills. First a
mighty rush of wind, then a thresh of hail
stones, coming ever larger and larger.
They hit the horse, and made him dance
for the first time in ten years. They
nearly made the "squire use bad language,
which he had not done for three times tea
years not since he and some other boys
had been swearing behind the barn to dee
It they could do it, and his father had come
round the corner and caught,, them it it.
Crash.! A tree had toppled over behind
them, blocking the road home. There were
no houses for a telle. There was nothing to
do but drive on.
"Wonder where the boys are." ventured
Mrs. Toothacre, including Lawson, with
Mosps and Aaron in her anxiety.
"In thar. little shed on the wood lot, most
likelv," answered the 'squlrp, shortly
The wood lot was so only In name, bein
in reality a thicket of stumps and blue
berry bushes. Opposite was cleared
land, plowed ready for crops.
That was, Indeed, where the boys
-were. They had taken reruge in the little
shed when the first gust of wind struck
them, and whirled their hats away into
the ploughed field.
"Your ma won't be here today, I reckon,
bfb," said Lawson, aside, with a grin.
Moses saw Barkis slipping away from
him into the grasp of Lawson. He also
saw afar oft the knife that should have
been his, had all tho- elements not con
plred against him.
"You wait an' see," said he, stoutly.
"I bet you five dollars she ain't," said
"All right," said Moses. He felt that
his iuiquitj was settled anyhow, aud a
little more oi Jess could make no imprs
Flon on Mis already black soul.
Whoo, wlioc:, whoo, went tho wind.
"Wowl Wow!" went Barkis. His bright,
teirificd eyes pleaded with Moses to pro
tect him; ids silky head snuggled up to the
hoik w or Moses' arm. Moses hugged him.
ments he had made with the linch-pin of
the 'squire's buggy, which, with the
weather, would surely secure him In lib
bet. But it happened that the 'squire,
be;ug a thrl.fty soul, took the old wagon
iustead of the new buggy, and so, as we
iia'-e seen, was caught in the midst of
a spell of weather."
Lawson's moon-faced silver watch, which
had last seen life in the stop of a Port
land pawnbroker, pointed to five mln-ut-s
or 3. Above the racket or the storm
came faintly a voice, and Barkis jumped
to the door and went wild with excitement.
"It's pa! I vumi" said Aaron, elder
b.cther of Moses, and he opened the doorf
It v as pa, shouting for help; there was no
deubt about that. The wind still blew
it was one ot the hurricanes which come
to Northern States once In a lifetime.
But making their way slowly toward the
little hut were two figures, the color of
motl er earth from top to toe.
Tl," 'squire and his wife had just reached
theplex"r plowed land opposite the wood
lotwheua tremendous gust of windskewed
their team across the road. In trying to
regir: his footing the horse slipped over
the bank, aud the wind, catching the buggy
top p.tt '.,! the worthy Tootliacres Into trie
middle or the sort, sticky, rich, meadow
Icnin, ecelient for growing vegetables, but
Mrs. TiMitha'-re'sbonnet was plastered over
with muil So was her shawl. So was
the 'squire's best liat; but they were on
time. Tlu-unwontedactivityor the 'squire's
horse ha 1 s-Jtitblng to do with it, and
more than made up the riftcen minutei
they hal lost through Lawson's setting
the Ii.indH or the clock back just berore ha
The 'squire divined these facts, with
the 1 elp of Aaron that night. He coa
flEcrted the S3 which Lawson paid over
to Moses for fear of discovery, and it
-went tc buy Mrs. Toothacre a new bonnet,
and tc pay for some things which Lawson
hid caused to disappear from the farm
Barkis stayed where he was and Moses was
obliged t return the Jack-knife. Lawson
ceased very soon thereafter to be the uew
hlr 1 mar, or any other kind.
"Moses," said the 'squire, after matters
had ,)ec: quite squared up, with the private
aid or a ttrap, "let this be a lesson to
ye Their, as bet, don't aliens bet fair.
"Well," said Moses, "ma oilers did gee
thar on time .and I thought she would, and
she did. though not perclsely right sido
up w; u care "
NERVIEST MAN IN NORTHWEST
The nerviest man in the Northwest was
Shertrr Orren T. Moxson, a slightly built
man with a woman's mild blue eyes, who
dressed as an ordinary citizen and wore a
derby hat. Inhlsday the job of sheriff was
not a sinecure, as the two score notches oa
his gun attested. He was never given to
raing of his eventrul lire; butstories or
hs tionderrul nerve are told today by the
old fellow,, who helped settle the twin Da-,
kotas. The meat remarkable feat of his
career was the capture, single-handed, ot
"Stub" Saayand TomQuInn, twonotorlona
horsethieves and all-round desperadoes
who mademiserablethclives of the settlers
who lived near the CaniiGn Ball in Hettin
ger and Morton counties.
A series of minor depredations culmi
nated in a bold raid on the "3 7" ranch,
.in which the outlaws got away with the
choicest bunch of horses. Moxson, ac
companied bj three cow-punchers, started
in pursuit the following day. The trail
followed the north bank of the Cannon
Ball, through Hettinger and Morton coun
ties, until It turned abruptly to the north
west at the intersection of the North
Fork. It was evident that the outlaws
were making for the bottom lands of the
Missouri Biver. Once lost in the maze of.
cottonwoods the pursuit would have to ba
abandoned. Having traveled 125 miles la
less than two days, the horses were jaded,
but they responded to the promptings ot
the spurs, but before sunset the second day
they galloped through Deer Pass and halted
at the edge of the bottom lands. Thera
was a loud report, and a bullet whized
above their heads. Not 300 yards away
was the outlaws' camp, and In front of the
small fire was Shay and Quinn, with Win
chesters at their shoulders.
Sheriff Moxson didSonie heavy thinking
In the space ot a few seconds. It was use
less to make a move forward, for they had
the "drop" on him, and he did not care to
sacrifice his two companions needlessly.
Finally he unbuckled his belt and flung it.
with his l evol ver, to the ground. Dismount
ing, he tossed the bridle to one ot his
"Eoys," he said, "you remain h-re, and
don't fire until you see me fall."
Then, whistling softly to himself, lie
sauntered toward the camp, apparently
taking no notice of the nfles covering ha
"Fifty feet more, sherifr, and you ro
a dead man," cried Shay.
Moxson hesitated not the fraction of aa
instant. The fif tj feet were covered ana
he walked steadily forward.
"For God's sake, Moxson, go back! Wr
ci-i't want to hurt you, but we'll never be
The plucky officer took no notice of the
warning The blue eyes were fixed sternly
on Shay's face. Srill whistlinsr, he strode
straight to the muzzles of the rifles,
brushed them aside as if they had been
broomsticks, and in much leas time than lc
takes fcr the telling two of the most des
perate meu that iniested the country wer
It was a marvelous exhlbit'on of pure
nerve, as well as an illustration of tne
potency of the law. As was expected in
those days, an effort was made to lynch
Nearly two-score men from neighbor-'
ing ranges surrounded the one-story frame
building that did donble duty as a jail and
a residence. Th ey made so much noise that
it interrupted thepoker gamebe"veen Mox
son and his prisoners. With two revolvers
in ids hands he made his appearance at
the door and gave them sixty seconds to
disperse. Then he went back to his gamu
and was interrupted no more that night.
Moxson died three years ago. not with
his "boots on,'' but as peacfnlly as it Mi
life had been spent in a Quaker settlement.
Shay and Quinn are serving out their sen
tence in the penitentiary. Chicago Times
A Dnped PlrenoIj!gls.t.
The jokes that practical jokers play upon
wise men arc sorr.edmas a funnv as they
are elaborate. A cnse in point Is said to
have occurred some years ago in England,
when a humor-loving individual who re
joiced in the possession ot a fine vegetable
garden found therein one evening a largo
lurnlp. It so happened that this par
ticular turnip was marvelously like !a
its shape to a man's head, andboreaverr
decided resemblance, too, to the features
;f a man. Tl e joker, perceiving a fine
chance to make a point, and struck by the
curious resemblance of the turnip, had a
cast made of It and sent the cast to a
phrenologist, requesting him to examine
its bumps and make a report.
After sitting in judgment upon the cast
for some time, the phrenologist, so the
story Soes, reported that while he co.dd
not Judge accurately from the cast, it wis
his opinion that It was the head of a per
son ot acute micd and deep rcseirjh;
that he had the organ of quick perception
and also of perseverance well developed,
and that there were signs that he was
also a person of extreme credulity. This
opinion was sent by mail, nnd the phre
nologist expressed, in closing, the hope that
at some time he might have thepri.'ilt
of examining the head itself.
The reply was sent that the owner would
gladly comply with this request, but that
unfortunately he could not do so. since J hi
original had been eatcu by himself nnd
his family several weeks before with their
What the phrenologist thought of tha
reply is not stated. Harper's Round Tabic