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THE TIMES, "WASHIKGTOT, SUHPAY, DECEMBER ltt, 1897.
Another ?itrnHmsent Story.
In tlie firat lines of "CoilMne'' vlia raler
finds a promise aud a stimulant, for be dis
covers that Marion Crawford Hat retnrnc d
"tothedellj-htful .Saraoinej-cas. This chat'n
Ing fainlly which hnK-ivon i3 nany ?nihu
eiastic admirers for Its er-a'-r; indeed a
permanency in literature which none Mior J
except Mr. Isaacs. If not inciely episodic, j
but m conspicuous an element in the iijvv
story that it may be counted at once a
fourth in the delightful series which em
bracks sequentially "Snr.icinesca. ' "Sanf
Uarto."' J'nd "Don Orslno " 11 ! ulr-a ly
lnrorrod, and lightly, that he la back
ngtuu oa the heath to which, in a uierTy
wiise ho ib native -the land of flowers a, id
blue skies Italy, w1kis are, beauty, ieart
and soul are at his. ringer-tlps."'
The brigand-ridden slopes of Aetna.
In Sicily Isthelocaleorthc adventures with
which the t-lorj brMles.almo'-t mplodr unai
icatly. It is a Mory or action. Through
it ail is the emncon vein of the Mafia,
the Sicili.u. j-ecrct society f which we
first became intimately cognizant several
years ago through its workings in New
Orlc ins 'I hat Mr, Crawford lias lamillari-ed
lilniH! Avith the count is- and towns of
Bk'ly, its people and peculiarities, and ts
famous' brigandage Is runspicuo-'slv j-ntent
in spite or his astonishing produetiveness,
-vvlnch would seem to belie this possibihtv.
Moreover, ho throws upon this strange or
ganization a new light, most graphical!;
cpivss-d in the woids of his heroine, Vit
tona. "Tl c Mafia lb not a hand," she s.13 -"nor
anvthing or the sort. It is the resist
ance -which the whole Sicilian people up
poses to all kinds of go-verm-ient md au
thority, It Is now shallli-;iy?-aseiitlmeh',
a feelhiir.a sort of wihlloveofourcouutry,
that ib:i secret , and wiUdo anything. With
us ever; body knows what It is, and evil
comes to everyone whooppnsesit-gcn.'rally
tlcath." This sentiment is the characteriza
tion of hi&Mory. The dramatic expansion
of the Idea is what gives "Corleone" its
fafcCiiiatiun and iHiwer.
Corleoae Is an imi-ovcrlshcd Sicilian
famil- The two sons of the Pagliuca
branch, accompanied by their mother an 1
sister, Tiltona come to Home to sell tluir
cstsu Ban Glaciate, the giant Saiaciues
ca, liu.vs It.nud Don Orslno goes .with hhn
to restore It. On their way they arc
attacked bj Sicilian brigands and Don
Orsino. returning fire, kills Ferdinindo.
a. brother Pagliuca, -vvhohad not consented.
to the Kale. This fatality seems to blast
Don Oisluo's hope of marrying Vitloria,
With whom he Is in love. Love for a
Sicilian girl who haB become famojb in
Rome as an opera singer attracts the
other blethers of Pagliuca to Sicily, and
& eeiies. of stlriingly dramatic situations
and climaxes ensue, or -which it would
toe unkind to give more than a hint. The
Btory In it's entirety It too splendidly told
to risk the osslble Injustice of revamping
One scene especially fine is that follow
ing the wild pursuit of Francesco Pag
liuca by Ills brother. Tebaldo, both of
-who'll Inve been avals for the singer.
The description ot the ride itseir is one
of the graphic gems of the novel. Fran
ces'i seeks shelter In a chapel, where, bv
chance, Ippollto Saraciaesca, a prieet
16 playing at theorgan. Tebaldo overtakes
his brothpr and kills him, almost at the
foot ot the altar. Then turning and see
ing Ippollto, he confesses to him and fleiS.
Tho priest's lips are sealed -with the
ttacramental secrecy or the confessional,
and, as every evidence of circumstance
points to him, he Is airested as the mur
derer. The situation is magnificently dc
If Incident and dramatic action are domi
nau: in "Corlcone," there is observant a
subsidiary flow of characterization, which
Is tn it ow n wy as secure a nd artistic as
anythingMr.Crawfordh.it: done. Thethrec
Pagliuca brothers are exponents of the
tjpical Sicilian. The priest, Ippolito, is
another character traced in few and unin
fecting, but nevertheless clear, firm lines.
Even Mr. Crawford's own creative pen cai
not add familiarity to Don Orsino, Corona,
San Glaclnlc and his wife. The perma
nent oliaracter which the author has given
to fiction in this story are Tebaldo, Pagli
uca, San Giacinto, Carolina the mother ot
the Pagliuca vouths: th singer, Aliandra,
and the brigand, Moscio.
There is a saving that a thing Ib as weak
as lu wen kest part. It is not fair to apply
It u a-w uter. R. her let him be Judged by
his beat work. Ciawfoid has written with
varying excellence 44A Roe of Yester
day" and "Adam Johnstone's Son" arc
least creditable to his reputation as an
able novelist, a imputation springing from
and sustained with entasis by his Same
incsca stories. The ha-jfpy ending of "Cor
lcone" suggests that the series may be
carried into a fifth novel, nndas Mr- Craw
ford has nevei disappointed hisreudcrswhen
the delightful Italian family has been his
Inspiration, we cannot quarrel .vith him ir
heindutges whni l. In inostofhiRadiiiir-rs
minds, a l-op-. (Xew- Vork' Macmillan
Company. Washington: All Book-elle s.
2 vols $2.)
Geniu and Intrinion.v.
All the world loves a lover, mid m nch
of us there is an atom ot delight lu per
sonal go'f-ip, two reasons why E. J.
Hardy' oe iwol:, "The Loe Affairs ot
Pome Famous Men," is uttmctive e.vn
In the title, But v. lint Is very much more
Faltsfactoiy is that the interest does not
wa'ie, as ou- presses into the lyok. The
author is so much in the spirit of his
eubjec4 ind qisplajs such an astonishing
feonndiii of facts relative to It, that there
Is cut-cent admliation for the study.' nd
labor involved lu the accumulation of
the rare and diversified data. He n.is
gone into all the proft-ssions and arts for
his heroes; letters i-uhitinp, the sta;,
imicic, the pulpit, law, medicine, arms,
(cience, politics and wherever el--c lie
found a famous man with a romance.
Some of the interesting romances re
called, without which no look ot this
character would have lvcn complete, are
Dante and P.eatrice, Petrarch and Lair.i.
Milton and Jiisj many wives, Byron and his
"btfiltptr4-," Heine and Xonotte," Moure
and Besy, Dr. Johnsiaandhismany ladies,
Haudt and his helpmate, Tintoretto and
Faustino, Rusl.in and Charlotte Withers,
MiHais and Ju"r. Ruskiu, Mozart and faith
ful Constance, Weber and Gretchen, Ros
sini and Mine. Colbraw, Iald Ganiek,
and I-eg Woffington, Kean and Mrs. Cox.
Lvthc and Catherine, Wolfe and Miss Low
ton, and many, many others. .
One of the chapters which may be read
with Ci-peeial interest is that on the ro
mances of authors and the effects of matri
mony on genius. Great writers have been
notably infelicitous in tl.olr domesti: re
lations. Perhaps they are at home too
much to appreciate il. Genius works iy
fits and stnrts, and in these tempestuous
moments of cerebral excitement the homo
life must be hashed into a fearful jjl.-ace,
lest inspiration should be disturbed. Wbin
Mre. ByronIncicked.it her husband's study
door and asked: 'Do I dist.irb j-ou?" the
noble poet would reply in one word, "Dam
nably." Sterne -ivrote exquisitely to Maria
whom bchadnevci seeu; in his wife, whom
he sav. every flay, he was the literal em
bodiment of hisname. In tlilsconnection i e
cannot forget poor Charles lickens.
But there . another side to this contro
versy. Alphonsc DuudeL bad determined
to remain a bndvJur until fie met Julie
A Hard. She -nus to llu all that
an i.'eul wife might be Once, it Is re
lated, he nal a MMitimentnl and drnnritTo
sc.ne with his wire, concerning vhichfh5
remarked: "Thlo cecms my dear, like a
chapter that has-slipped out of it novel.'
"It Is more likely, Alplions," was the
reply "to form a chapter that will sJip
into one.'' We owe all Cooper's worku
to bis wife. She challenged him one
night, when he threw asIOe a lxok, say
ing 1 believe I conhi vrriio a better book
myself." "Lei tne, see ypn do it," said
th2 wif- with a smile, in a. few days he
hadvvrutjii several chapters of "PreiM-i-lion."
This noyel attracted little at
tention, but it gaVe Copper an inkling of
his capacity for .story-writing, and his
next story. "1 he Spy," was a great suc-
The inllvence of thvir love affairs came
very profitably into the lives of many
other men of geniup. Hawthorne ivas in
duced to -iviitc the ''.Scarlet Letter" by a
remark of his wife, and he acknowledged
that but for thedomsstic envnonmenL whicii
she supplied he could not have pioduced
his contiltiutioiiH to .4n trican classics. It
could Jiot be that foity-elght years of
wedded contentment should liave been
without its impiess on the writings of
Oliver Wendell Holmes. Mrs. Rider Hag
gard and Mis. Thomas Hardy give much
literary help to their Inioliaiids. The latter
urged Mr. Hardy to Joi--ake architecture
for literature ab a profession. When he
had written his lirst novel, ''Desperate
Remedies," his wife copied out the entire
-work from his manusoript, and uent It to
the publiahei. Ah part of her work
she keeps herself well ioled in tlu
literature ot the day, and her husband
eonstautly draws upon her knowledge.
The works of Max O'ltell were written
first In 1'icjjcIi and then tnuslated into
English bv his wife, who Is an Fnglish
wornan. In retailing the story of his life
George Augustus Sala i elates how mar
liage helped to wean hhufroin the idle and
unprofitable ways ot his early Bohemia ii
ism.andMr. .lames I'nyu hassaid,'I have
known a great many bretluen of the pen,
lioth mairied an-d single, and my ex
perience is that there ib no class which
derives to much benefit from the wedded
btatc as thev do."
Readers will feci an obligation to Mr.
Hardy for running to earth and locating
the origin of a piece of witticism
which baa been current for years
in rrany forms. He bays it was
a famous author, resident In Virgin!.,
who Inscribed upon the gravestone of his
wife, "The light is gone from my life.''
Time nor. only modified his distress, but
suggested a renewal of conjugal bliss. A
neighbor liad the bad taste to banter hhn
on his engagement, and to cxprebs surprise
that he had so soon forgotttu his words
ot lamentation. "So far from forgetting
them," he replied, 'I remember and repeat
them now, as originating and confirming
thulntentlon that you are so plcasffdtocriu
ci-e. I declared that the light was gone
from mv life, and 16 Is for this reason that
I propose to strike another match.'' (New
Yoik: Frederick Stokes Company. Wash
ington: Wm. Bullantvne & Son. $1.50.)
"Free to Serve."
Another contributor to tho renaissance of
colonial llteraturo is Emma Rayncri whose
"Free to Serve'' comes unpretentiously
andi therefore, perhaps, the more impres
sively. It is a talo of colonial New York,
the Dutch days ot the early part of 'he
last century. The opening of the tale re
lates a characteristic Incident of the rak
ish element of English lite, and Intro-luces
to us Fulkc Nevard, a wildyoungmanabout
towni whoso debts drive him and his sifter,
Avelinci to America. Arriviug at New
"fork th girl gives herself In Iwnd to pay
for her passage. But her strange paths lav
in pleasant ways, for she goes Into a de
lightful Dutch famllyt where she is received
more as companion than servant. With
excellent taste tlw two sons of the hou,e,
Geysbert and Helmer, fall In love with ths
girl. Their characters are strongly con
trasted. Hel'ner is a good and sympa
thetic fellow , Geysbert is almost a villain
ultimate repentance saves the mark. A'er
rrcny vicissitudes there is a denouement as
happy as a fail y writer could have made it
Miss Raynei's story is" a distinct gain to
the sum or literature about the colonial
period. It deserves to touch elbow with
on'y two other stories of its historical class,
"I ugh Wynne" and "King Noanctt." If
Miss Rayncr hns -written anvthing else it
ha been so inconsequential as not to at
tract attention, so that It is fair to con
sider "Free to Serve" a first offering.
It has none of the marks of the tyro.
The construction shows a gift for story
telling and the diction is polished and
mature, as if this book were the fruition
of early piomlses. There are none ot
th; crudities which might call for patron
ising silence, no unseemly flights or rhetor
ical coloring which tempt a novice's pen.
The style is simple and sincere, sober
without being stupid, graceful without be
ing florid, dramaticon occasion and always
There Is the unpleasant anticipation
In the excellence of this debutante that
publishers will inundate her with flatter
ing demands. "Free to Serve" is evi
dentlj the fruit of deliberation, care and
time. A writer will find his readers will
ing to accept nothing below the par of
his best previous effort, and Miss Rayncr
should lix-k to it that sUCCe..s U(i ltB
temptations do not lure her to hasty and
careless iicrformances. (Cotton: Copeland
& Day. Washington: Allllaokscllers. S1.0O
Two Poems by Lew Wallace.
At intervals Gcn.Lew Wallace has shown
the divine unrest", the ambition for dif
ferentiated achievement, which is the index
as well as the accompaniment of genius.
It's a tame soul that sits in contentment.
We continuallv find the comic actoi sighing
for the buskin, the iragedian for the merry
sock, and the pioifet frying his wings
In poetical flights. Kt Japeldom charitably
credited to a desire for relaxation. This
is, however, a natuial apolggy, when
apology is upeded. Gen. Wallace probably
aks none, and It cannot be said that his
poetry needs any. His versa is dignified,
temperately fanciful, pleasing in its grace
ful flow, inspiring often, tedious never, ad
Nearly ten years ago his rirst ambi
tious verEe was published in Harper's
Magazine. It was a play, "Conmudus,"
celebrating a conflicl between an outlaw
and a Roman Emperor. It was discreetly
praised, but many ot the wannest ad
mireri- of the author of "Ben Hur,'1 after
rpading the play with pleasure, have
doubtless forgotten its name, or that it
was ever written This is not quite jus
tice. This work is now republished as
the second half of a handsome volume
ot which the first portion is devoted to
a nev,- poetical effort by tho same author.
"The Wooing ot Malktoon," which ap
peared in Harper's Magizin; for this month
This la a straightforward, blank-versf
narrative, frefrom rhapsody, simple almost
to thepoin orpro-eiu diction, yet not with
out dhtk-etion and riavor in ItK style, a
color Ixjrrowpd from, its subject, and 1 11
imagination of a livelj und delicate order
The most distinguished achievement of the
author is the complete annihilation of pre U'
diccand the transfixion or personality. The
poem is a lovo epic, of lelamlsm, written
as with the heart and soul, conviction aud
prejudice, ot a son of Mohammed., nad the
author chuHen ho might easily liave duped
the inoxt erudite Into a heller in the Arabic
original of the-work, powlng merely as ihe
discoverer and translator, a llcenso in
fiction t often playfully affected. In this
cas;- it would have been difficult to say why
"The Wooing of Malkatoou" had not found
its Inception and inspiration In the lieurt
and bralti of a follower of the Prophet.
He gives us a graphic iiiivv figure tor heat
lu tLo lino, "a sky thrice plated with the
molten biass of noon," and there is a deli
cate fancy in the picture of the mailing
"Did often pause in open pools to mock
This skies above with bluer skies below.'1
There arc many passages of length to be
pialsed moie forihelr excellence in exten
sion than for the sclntilttlng beiuty of
single lines. Two such are the pursuit ot
tho Christian lord and the vision of Oth
man. The latter Is the most beautiful por
tion of the poem. The book is handsomely
F. Marion Crawford.
mideand properly illustrated. (New York:
Harper & Bros. Wasblugton: Woodward
& Loturop. "sCoO.)
Following tbo Equator."
Mark Twain's "Following the Equator"
appeared last week. It was reviewed
some time ago from advance pages fur
nished by the publishers and the appear
aiuv of the volume complete gives occasion
to adu little. Iti8a book which admlrersor
the gifted Ameiicun humorist and lovers of
agre-.-ble bocks or travel wdl delight li
have bv them. The illustrations are al
'most as extensive in area a-j the"--p.ce
and nTlect happily the spirit of the
One of the features of "Following the
Equator," which will appeal to everyone
and give the book an immediate dema.id.
is the new "I'udd'nhead Calendar of
Maxims."' In a prefatory note the author
refers to this amusing conceit for the first
time: "These wisdoms are Tor the luring
or youth toward high moralaltitudes. Tho
author did not gth-ir them from practice
but fiom obseivation- To be gool.is
noble; but to show others how to rbe good'
is nobler, and 110 trouble."
Some of these maxims which are bound
to b" quoted and beeomo current, because
of their tresh humor and satire, are:
A man may have no bad habits, and
When In doubt, tell the truth.
Truth Is the most valuable thing we
have; let us economize it.
It could probably be . shown by tacts
and figurps that there is no diwtinCtly
native American criminal class except Con
gress. it Is by the goodness of God that in cur
country we have those three unspeakably
precluus things. Freedom of speech, free
dom of conscience, and the prudence never,
to practice either ot them.
Man will do many things to get himself
loved: he will do all things to get himself
Man is tho only animal that blushes
or needs to.
The man with a new Idea is a crank
until the idea succeeds.
Few ol uscaust.uid prosperity. Another
man's, 1 mean.
Each person Is born to one possession
which outvalues all his others his last
Grief can take care of itself: but to
get full value ot a joy jou must, have
somebody to dlvldo it with.
Wrinkles should merely Indicate where
smiles have been.
There are two times in a man's life
when he should not speculate: when he
can't alford it and when he can.
In the first place, God made idiots. That
was for practice. Then He made school
The principal difference between a cat
and a lieisthat a cat has only uiue lives.
(Hartford: American Publishing Company.
Washington: R. A. DliiFtnore, 621 Seventh
street. By subscription only. $3450.)
"Idle Tlours. in a Library.
William Henry Hudson's "Idle Hours in
a Library" comprises four papers, three of
which he has delivered as popular lecture.
In one ho writes of life in London in
Shukespeaie's time; in another he. sfoin
ments entertainingly on "Pepys and ''is
Diary;'' a third restores to us tvvo of tin;
foi gotten novelists of the English Restora
tion, and the last lb a glimpse of Bohemia.
Ho writes a modest, frank preface which
disarms criticism, and at oac puts author
and readei on congenial terms.- Jle says
that ho wrote the contents ot the volume
as holiday tasks. It Is the result of many
hours of quiet but rather aimless browsing
among bookp, and not of spacial Investiga
tlons, undertaken with a view to definite
In describing London life a Shakespeare's
coi temporarie' saw it. he covers the same
field as did Charles Dudley Warner, In a
recent book or significant name, but Mr
Hudson is none the less informing. The two
novelistaotthe Restoration on whom he com
ments are Mrs. Manley and Mrs. Behn, who
"stand out among the least attractive
product, of an age of low ideals and
scandalous living.'' The Bohemia of which
we arc given a glimpse is not that inland
country of Europe which Greene and Shakes
peare to generously endowed with a sea
coist Bohemia, according to the painter
Marcel. In "bounded on the north by hope,
work andgayety;on theouth by nensity
and courage; on the west and eat by
calumny and the hospital."' To the author
h gives us this glimpse "it is the Mud or
Hteri'tu'i aud the arts, where pinto -op'iy
and bee:, music and debt, painting and
hunger, criticism and tobacco-smoke, com
bmu tc make lire picturesque and inspiring
a land the denizens of which either die of
penury in the streets or the hospital, un
cared for, unknown, or, living, atlast.ta te
thair rightful places in thefroutiank among
H13 painters, composer-1, and writers or
The book Is one which has ot only be mi
inspned by idle hours in a library, bulls,
'est adapted forwhiling away the leisure
of the booklshly-lncllncd who find a jting v
corner In the looin ot books their snuggest)
haven. (Ban Francisco: William Doxey
Washington: All Booksellers. $1.25.)
"Oil Blue Waters."
There has been some curiosity on the
parr of J)e Amiulft friends as to what re
mote destination would claim the famous
Italian litterateur's next wandering. He
has alieadj led us through Constantinople,
Holland, Spain, Morocco, Italy, and Paris.
But foi diversity's sake 1 e now shakes the
duct frim Ills boots und glides peacefully
"Sull' Oceano." The translator gives us
the Knglish of the book under tnecompre
heuhivo title "0n Blue Waters." In thib
naitatlvc wo find him on a Journey from
Gci.or to Biazil, his resources of interest
coufmed exclusively to the types' and
chatacteif: one finds on an emigrant ship.
Rather u circumscribed opportunity one
may truly believe, yet De Amicis' gift of
analysis, depiction, differentiation, and
description is so continuously and con
spicuously in evidence that we are not
merer rapt in admiration for the writer"
pli using narrative, but wonder at his
HUH at chfirnctcriatioit. His observant
eye, aided, fiy a lively Imagination and a
facile pen, has singled' out, characterized
and described at least twenty different
groups and chniucters taken from botli
ends of tho vesssl. Each Is clear and dis
tinct, aid it is accomplished without the
us. ot a single mime.
Another obligation the reader i-ves De
"Amicis is thfl opportunity his text gi -'h
tho lbustrator. Every page suggests a
picture and the siigceslions of but few
pages have been ignored. The book Its
crowded with illustrations, which, with
tho handsome paperrthe readable type and
tliebpaut'ful cover. mark"0n Blue Waters"
as one of tho met attractive gift licks
of thi- feason of gift3. (New Turk. G. P.
Putnam's Son. Wnfhlngton: Br,ntano.
Three Hecent Novel..
J. A. Mitchell has- doneother clever things
besido8,edlt Life. He wrote "That First
Afralr,5' whlch-Riineipeoplo have ret I; he
wrote "Amos Judd" which a great many
people have read; and he has also written,
recently, "Gloria Victio," which will not
disappoint any preconceived ideals j"his
interesting htoiy teller. The first chaptei
introduces a crook robbing, by a skillful
device, the widow of a ballot master. Her
daughter, Fillppa, and the rascal's son,
Stephen, are, respectively, the heroine and
the hero of the story. Stephen is rather
the more in the foreground, and in him is
found an absorbing study in the criminology
of youth Misdceas, the struggle of rUo
better nature toward the surface, and a
sympathetic love interest are the salient
features of a 1'eadable story. (New York:
Chas. Soribner's Son. Washington: A'l
Booksellers. Si. 25.)
About a vear ago Paul Kester, the
dramatist iriid author of gypby lore and
stories, announced that he had completed
for a well-known star a play called "The
Ludv of the "Violets."' Did this suggest
to Frank West Rollins the title of his
novel, or is It another coincidence that
the tit'es are identical? In this novel he
get 6 ovei a good deal of land and wat-jr.
His heroines there are two of them
en.e'gc from upper New York obscurity,
pass tluough the fusillade of Wall street,
are intorested In a filibustering cxpedi-tiot-
ti Cuba, and return happily mated,
with sterner partners, to their birthplace,
wheic they have been good angels with
their wealth. Mr. .Rollins is an adept
at storv telling and his present effort is
quite as satisrying as anything that has
proifci'cd it. (Boston: Lee & Shcpirl
Washington: All Booksellers. $1.)
Frau'ein Helmburg-hasrwiitten many at
trnctlvenovels.whichiranslatorHhavogivcn ua from her native German, and another
was added to the llong Ji&t recently In
the publication or "Detiant Hearts." Miss
Heiir.burg'E' readers -will rind this In her
best style, a story of- German life, a
the.it: in which she understands all the
characters. Her ilinstrator has lapsed
Int. a palpable error lit. tho frontispiei c.
Aenne. is represented ou her kneee to
Hei man, who sits on a bench. The line
reads: " 'Ileiman.' she moaned, as she
drpgged herself toward him on her knees."
Tb-J para graph immediately preceding this
line on raSe 131, reads: "At last he got
upon bift feet and pkikcd up his hat from j
tho enow." (New x jrk It. V. Fenno &
Co. Wnnr-ington: Brentanc. $1.2o.)
"Life's Comedy," second series, is oat
for the holidays, as gay und witty as tho
first. It is a prettily bound collection, In
not too'larga a volume, of various pictures
and Jokes which have delighted the eyes of
Li fK readers for the past year. The cover
bears a picture of an American Heuuty
rose of a girl sitting serenely enthroned
in "Tom's henrL" amid n motley collection
of Tom's othei objects of afrecUon-a pipe,
some music, a football, a bicjele, a tennis
racquet, a mandolin and a banjo, rome
golf club,-, and out In one corner, when,
she does not look very secure, another
girl. Out the American Beauty "eems to
feel wry much atjiome. The whole book
Is full of tho same refined and gentle I111
r.ior, sly hits at Iiunmn nature, and sir jug
yefc delicate- drawing.
AH of lilfu'n w ork is tarred witlri he. same
brush, but all of the drawings are posSP'il
or an individuality of their own, and the
book is never wearisome. There is til a
famous fattrlral fkrtch, Two Blind "Wen
en," ai.d ther-Ms ihetendeily quaint draw
ing or ''Tl't Old Tune;" played by a fresh
.ounggfrlin thetwilight, whileanold mm
dreams of oilier days and another fair
woman, who appears lu shadowy panto
mime, imH&ii by the muMchu. There Is
one o the cleverest conceits of the i av,
a hit at x-ray photography, reprodurhig
one of Life's funiiie'-t drawing, wit'i 111
acr om pan vug photograph of the ffgure-i
(in theyvwibj appear reduced to 1 heir lx)ii--s-Thero
arew-oroof other pretty, witty and
artl-tir tftjfi?-, which we have seen and
admired .jrtgftiisNew York fiuimaVer, but
the colleftffoamutt really be n't'ii to be
apprtoiaU:dV (New York: Ch.irle"-. Scril)
ner's sot!$f -Washington: All Iboksfller 1
"Tineii- Saiu't, Seeretx."
A book wlilch should be especially In
teresting to 'Washington people, especially
to those who liave anything to do witn
children In "Uncle Sam's Secrets." by 0
cai I'help-S Austin. The bo k is a sort i
glorified Hollo book, without the moral reflection--
it is strictly secular 111 lis tone
It recounts the- conversation'' of one Daniel
l'Mt rson, a West Virginia boy. with vari
ous people who uppear to be in the world
for Hie purpose of teaching Mr- thing-. In
tho course of Han's education he finds out
facts aljout urrjsncy ind illv'er and gold;
about the rail way mall, othpr postal v-rvice;
about eaves and stalactite" and the gla
cial period: about the Houtc Repp
seina-lv"- aud tin. tarllf. With all this
there is su'rlcient plot and hunmu naiuro
in the story to iuterestthe youthful -eader
and a preface for the use or the teacher
contains vniiouc refer-nces to book" which
can be studied In connection with the differ
entul fccf. But even without this 'urtlier
study it would be hardly possible for an
( youngster to read the book through with
out getting a great deal or information.
andany joungKierwho readi the first chap
ter, la which a ki'teu spills a bottle o-!
ink on several new $500 bills, will in; very
hmuch ! verse to allowing the rest ot the
book to scape him. (New York: D. Applj
ton & Co. Washington: All Booksellers.)
IViotry of the 3Ionth.
The past month has presented nothing
in poetical output so important as the
collection of Theodore Watt"-Duncan's
verses, which arn published under a title
borrowed from the first poem in the book,
"The Coming of Uive." This is one of the
publications the late William Morrib had
planned to make. Mr. Watts Duncan made
a stir VTltb his "Jubilee Greeting at Spit
bead," but the vers, of bis, later vjlw-ie
is not all up to the-finer quality ot that
sustaiaedly excellent piece of patriotic
poetry. Ho evidently has his inipired
moments"' as" bis- brilliant Hues but they
are not cro"vvTlcd. His reputation will l.e
burdened by as much or his writing as will
rai-u it.' '"Let it be eounto-d by this book
that he Is an earnest and admirable Dufc
not great singer. (New York: John Lajp.
"Poetical Sermons," by William I".
Davenport, Is a collection or poems on re
liglou and kindred topics, aud includes
"The Ballad of Plymouth Church," which
is this Writer'- most Important work th'i-r
far. (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.)
Another polemical volume of poetry i-
"The Colloquy," being conversations about
the order of Ihings and final good, held,
la the Chapel or the Blessed St. John,
summarised in verse by Joslah Aug.istus
Beitz. (New York: G. P. Putnam'-Suns.)
Sam Walter Fobs adds a volume to the
poetical productiveness of the mouth in his
"Dreams In Homespun." It is a collect .011
of characteristic verse, graceful, facile
aud engaging. Mr. Foss has mauyof the
distinguishing marks of our native and
domestic poels, nuchas Eugene Field, Will
Carlcton and .lames Whitcomb Riley. He
cuiplovs homely methods, but his sincerity
is unimpeachable, and he comes close to
the springs of humor or rathos at every
stroke. (Boston; Lee & Shepnrd. S3 -jo )
W illiam Do.ey presents another brochure
of poems by the author of ''Seen and Un
seen," who Is Yone Noguchi, the Japanese
fmdof the. late Lark. The present bookcon
talnssevpn of thestrangelyimpressive poems
of this unique light in our literature.
Charles Wairen Stoddard contributes an
introduct'ion. and the frontispiece is by
William Keith. (San Francisco: William
Doxey. 75 cents.)
TJo you "know that; you can have
The Morning:, Evening and Sun-lny
Tinies the only COMPLETE in-ws-paper
published in "vTashinyton
served to yon by earner foi fifty
cciuh u mouth?
Aspirants for Journalistic Jwnora will
read with interest "William Farquhar P-iy-sor.'s
new novel, "The Copy Maker,"'
descriptive or Journalistic lire in New
York, with side views or literary Eohemia
In the great city. It will appear shortly.
As a frontispiece to the now Dickens
volun e tho publishers, New Amsterdam
Book Company of New York, bavo repro
duced tho letter written by Dickens to
Charles Kent on the day before his deash,
appointing to meet him on the morrow.
Tb original of this letter is In the Br'tlsh
The boc.k upon which Henry George
spent the last six years ot Ids life is now
passing through the press of Doubleday
& McCIure Company, and will be Issued im
mediately after the holidays. It will make
a largo octavo volume and contain about
as much matrcras"Progr-sa and Poverty,"
the surprising popularity of which is at
tested by the fact that over 8,000 copies
liave been sold during the past month
Tli-nf".v- b.,k will nti-cutitled "The Sclenee
of Political rJconomy.' "
Miss TTlIen Nussey, t'he '"near T.," of
Charlotte Bronte's letters, 'has Just died
at a ripe old age. Mr. Xlcholl-J. Charlotte-
hu-'band. stilt lives.
Tin- titlp of Mr J. M. Ranie's forthconi
ingnovel, a s quel to 'Sent (mental Tommy,"
Is called "Celebrated Tommy."
Th holidav ivi.icalneK -ire all out,.ind
the'r derorativc eovei make a varied and
nrtisth dl-"pl.y. Scribners have re
sorted to lithography; Harpers have 01.1
plovee' Kenyoi, Cox. to remodel, as it were,
their customary cover. This is not the
tint work for the puhlisdiers that Mr.
Cot has done. It has frequently been
noted that the better known decorators ind
mural i'.ili.tcrs ar eniplojeil by the p'lb-li-ihnrf.
to execute some of their bo.-k
covers', posters, etc. Will Low lias .lone
i cover for The Be-ok Buyer. Elihu Ved
dor designed the old cover of the Cen
tury. Mr BlaMifleld has nIo done a gcod
deal of this oit of work, and It is an
open se ret that the customary cover of1
Rcr diner's vas dcignod by Stanford
White tin well known architect. The
Bookman, which lias generally resorted
to Louis Uhead for its pccial coxers, now
come-- out. in its December number, with a
covei bvrr'-iIerieC'rovviilnshleld. the mural
painter and decorator. It Is quiet in eolor
and eMren elj decorative in effect. While
it is not strongly suggestive of Christ
ina', it is in exteedinglv good taste and Js.
perhaps, a p!easingaco-er as we have s.;-n.
Dodd, Mead & Co. announce that they
have in press for Immediate publication .1
work hitherto unpubll-hcd, from the pen
ot the late Dr. Drummond, the author of
"Natural Law In the Spiritual World '
The work bear" the title. "Address on Chris
tianity." These wr the Ipctures, us
originally d-Hvced, that :iade u proroua
an impression upon thcological student
and upon the reading public, in general, ds
to make J'tof. Drumtirfind oncof the leadln.
theological writers of the day. The volume
contain-i mcirori.il skptcb's !7 Ian Ma
"area aud W. Robertson Nicoll. Both of
them were Urn-long friends or Dr. Drun
mond In many of the addre-ses there are
touches that recall vividly "The Greatet
Thing in the World."
Louis Sccke, the author of "Pacific
TaKs." threatens to return 10 his old avoca
tion, that ot supercargo in the South seas
The London papers are deploring this fact
and art- united in urging him to con
tinue his literary work.
A recent letter from Paris says that
Zola's "D-d)cle"" is finding a worthy rival
In "L Desasire" by Mime. Paul and Vic
tor Masgnerite. a romance ot the Metz
campaign. The American rights of this
story have been secured by D. Appletou
Co.. win will publish th" book Immediately
under the title cf "The Disaster."
John Lane, the English publisher, wh-.
has done AmerPa the honor to swing tie
sign of the Bodley Had on Fifth avenue,
is to maiTj an American woman.
'Margaret Forsrer" is the title of a f rut
humous t'ovel by George Augustus Sala
which Mi . Tisher Uuwln will publish. Mr.
Sala has written a preface, in which she
tells the bistorv of the nriting or the storv-
Tho fimfc volume of Spurgeon's "Auto
biiigrophj" ir, to appear this month.
When Matthew Arnold's collected works
were published, his beautiful ' Church or
Bran"' was emitted. Mr. Oscar Browning
explains win Arnold I-ft it out: "Arnold
once told me him-elf that the reason why
he omitted the poem from his collected
works was becatis he round that ha had I"
scrihedthe church wrongly. He had spoken
of it as a church amoug the mountains,
whereas he round it to be situated in aflat
plain. It 1" pretty certain, therefore, that
he had ntt seen the church whan he wrote
The Academy tells a .story of Mr. Ki.
ling when he was a lad. He went on .
sea voyage with his fath-r, Mr. Lock
wood Kipling, the artist. Scon after tt.c
vessel was under wav Mr. Lot kwocd Ri
ling went below, leaving the boy on deck
Presentlv there was a great eommoth
overhead, and one of the ship's officer
rushed dinii and banged at Mr. KipUngV
door. "Mr Kipling,"' he cried, "yoi.r
boy las erawled out on the ynrdaru.
and ir he lets. go he'll drown." "Ye"
said Mr. Kipling, glad to know that nett
ing serious was the matter; "but I
won't let go."
OTUElt BOOKS RECEIVED.
LK McLEAN. By Owen Wi,ter. New
York: Harper & Bro"-- Washington
Woodward & Lothrop. "51.C0.
A YEAR FROM A REPORTER'S NOTE
BOOK. By Richard Harding Lavi.
?ew "Cork: Harper & Bros. Washington.
Woodward & Lothrop. $1.50.
PRONUNCIATION; With Chapters on Hy
plipmatlon, Capitalization and Spell
ing. By F. Horace Te.dl. New York.
D. Appletou & Co. "A ushiugton: AilBook
THE DECORATION OF HOUSES. By
Edith Wharton and Ogden Codnjan.jr.
New lork. Charles -?crilriers Sons.
Washington: All Booksellers.
By James Barnes. New- Vork: Mac
millan Company. Wd-hingtoii- All Book
sellers. 51. 5Q, ,
LITTLE HOMESPUN. By Ruth Ogden.
r.f ;v, (,rk: Frederick Stokes Company.
W ashington: William Uallantyue & Sons.
SCIENTIFIC ASPECTS OF CHRISTIAN
EVIDENCES. ByG. Frederick Wright.
New York: I). Appleton & Co. Wash
ington. All Booksellers. Sl.iJO.
AMBROISE TARE AND HIS TIMES.
By Stephen Paget. New York: G. F.
Putnam s Sons. Washington: Brentano.
SIRVTOAD Y LION. By S. R. Crockett.
New York: Frederick Stokes Company.
Washington: Brentano. $l.iO.
HYMNS THAT HA VI" HELPED. Com
piled by W. T. Stead. New York:
Doubleday & McCIure Company. Wash
ington: Woodward & Lothrop. 7ocent-.
PRAYERS FOR EVERY DAY. Bv the
compiler of "Dally Strengths for Hnlly
Need"-'' NVw York: Doubleday & Mc-
Jiure e.ompany. w aiungtan: vvoou
ward & Lothrop- ?1.
(From the Detroit Free Press.)
"It's three-quarters of an hour since I
ordered that turtle soup," snapped Hip
angry guest at the restaurant.
"Yes, sab," said the waiter, with mi
obsequious Tjovv, "hut de turtle done make
his 'scape, sah, an' der had to chase hm
'bout a mile, fcah."
NOTES AND QUERIES.
'o or McK,nIc"raiid Hobart electors, 215,.
bOO, not counting 122,080 blank or de
fective ballots. Plurality over Bryan ana
Bewail electors, 2(J8,d("9.
AiHim6 ihP'L---0.1"? Postiflce of Alfred
Austin , the Lnglisb poet-laureate "
t,t , A. c. ilea
.e do not know; but it you really need
to vvriteto theidiot, lie may beaddressedln
care orthcLord Chamberlain's Dppartmcnt,
Stable Yard, St. James' Palate, Loudon.
Is it a law that the widows of Senatora
rtp-Sh t,ley Uve arter th,r huMhniir
aeat"' I. G. If.
Certainly not. j
-h!, rnfanlnK is attached to the sap
pnhe, the birthday stone of .September?
The Sapphire Is not the "birthday sttme"
of Keptetnlipr; it is the "birthday stone" oC
April, and means "innocence, freedom from
enchantment." Chrysolite I September'
stone, which means "freedom from sadnesn
and from evil parlous.'' Or anything -!se
you choose. It is all noii6enee.
Which is the more valuable. th cotton
or the egg erop or the United sta--'
Q , V. M. B.
Statistics of the American ' Indus
try are not very complete, but to eial -.ft
cotton crop of 1800, the egg crop wfould
need to lie In the neighborhood of twenty
one hundred million dozuris of eggs. Tit,,
we think, would rush the heiw.
Where was Will Carle-ton born, when did
n-- i-gin to write, and where does Jio livu
now' t. H. F.
Will CarMon was born In Hudson. Lena
wee county, .Mich., on Octotier 2t, IS4G;
graduated at Hillsdale College. HHh-dHle,
Mich., in ifaf.r,; began to leoturt swn af
terwards, and In 1871 published bit! n-st
volume of poems. Hq had beg-in to write
wlulcin college. Hjllvasln Usuofeiyn.N. Y.
Where was the birthplace of EdrotHHl
yujke Has he i-fMendaiitNiR !leoentry1
If so, when, do they reside aiKl wa8.he fn.
liif- TtV 'Ientlne- WJtu Americaor ita
Edmund Burke was born In Dublin. Botli
of his son" dli before he did. without de
scendant. He left no lineal deCeudantf-;so
ihere are none 111 this country. Burice al
ways was a friend of America. He died
July 7. 1707-
"When was the last war between Anstria
and Italj. 2. Wrat wan the name ol tho
last great naval combat between the aM
nations' :. vere not the Italian ship
lu great part Ironclad, vviillw the -.u-.trlan
were of wood? CANUCK.
In 1SG0. it is known as tfce Six Weeks'
Var, and lasted from June 18 to AugUeS
23. 2. The battle of LI-ia. near Venioe.
on July 20. isc6. 3. The Italian fleet
numbered 11 ironclads and 11 wooden
vessels; the Austrlaas bad 7 ironclads. 7
heavy wooden vessels, and 7 light wood
Which represents the largest amount oC
capital, agriculture or manufacturing, and
what amountofmunufacturiag-do iron and
steel represent? 0-3.
Agriculture, by two to one. Farm land
and buildings in 1890 represented a value
of $13,279,2"i,6'19; the Implements were
nearly ?500.iio0,000; the lire stock, uwro
than 52,200,000,0'JO. The capital em
ployed in manufacturing was nwe than
SG.OOIMJOO yoy. In 193 the iron ore
produced in the United States represented
about $2u,00,00u in value; the pig iron
about 495.01,0,000; and the steei about)
Will you give some fact" about pyro
.clectrlciryt minerals, and the faculty of
some minerals puiscwrt of electricity by
heat, forming a brush glow or a spark or
a convectiv discharge? Ainu Mime tho
liquids posseswd with this electrie heat?
1. r. k. 0.
Pyro-electricity is electricity developed
in Eome crystalline bodies by Miiequ.1117
heating or cooling them. Tourmaline in a
crystalline state poswe this proiftrty
lua marke'I degree. Other bodies baviug 15
are silicate ot zinc, boraclte, qnarte, tar
trate of potash, sulphate of quinine, topsz.
pre-anite, scolezite, axenite, caB-rtiigar ami
sodium-ainmnuluin racemate. No liquids
are puspsed of this profrty. We do not
know what magnesium principles are.
Our ht-tonans speak of Marv " nil ton as
th-first voting girlwnj landed at Plvmouth
(l0). Will vou kindly give otmr factw
relating to hr.' M. W.
The lwk of th .Mayflower dencendanta
for 1S9C sa j s of Marr CWItoa thrit. -,Ne -,va
No. S3 of th Mayflower' pafsengers;
marrlpd John Winslow, brother of Gov.
Edward Winslow, and died in l7b. leaving
children. The honor of beinc the first
person to set foot on Plymouth Rock is
claimed for her and for Johu A Wen.
What Is the -"alary or the mayorof Greater
New York to be" 2. What was th natwy
of theCnttenden compromise? B-O.C-
Tfce mayor of Greater New York is to
have a salary or $13,000 .1 year. 2. A
proposal made by Senator Crittenden
or Kentuekj in 1SB0 tc- divide the terri
tories between the slave State-" and tkt
free States on the line of the Missouri compromise-
It would have amended the i'miv
stilution, have abolished slavery north
of latitude 30 degrees 30 minutes, south ol
thit line would liave protected It, would
have retained slavery in the District of
Columbia, in United States forts, pro
tected the interstate slave trade, the
United States to pay the owner the full
value of slaves rescued by violence, etc.
This compromise railed in the House Jan
uary 14. 1M1 (80 to 11.1); hi the. Senate,
March 2, (19 to 20).
How did the superstition ot Friday heing
an unluckj day originate? 2. Isn't it a
fact that history does not support this?
3. On what days or the week were tho
following tattles fought jettjsurjf,jsj)0tt
sylvania, Wilderness, Antlctaiii. Waterloo?
It is not certain. Probably the cru
cifixion of Christ on a Friday had some
thing to do with it: but it is said that
the Romans, the ancient ScandinaviansaiHt
the Hindoos have the same belief, so it
would seem that the Christian origin is
but a suggested explanation for a super
stition that can't be explained, just as
all the ehurch festivals are pagan feastH
with Christian amendments. ;. History
does not support the superstition, es
pecially in regard to this country. Colum
bus" sailed on a Friday, discovered America
on a Friday: the Mayflower reached land
on Friday; Washington was born on Friday;
the Declaration or Independence was signed
on Fridav; Cornwallis surrendered on
Friday. 3 Gettysburg, Wednesday, Thurs
day, Friday, July 1, 2, and 3, 1S63; Spott
Bylvania, Sunday and Wedm-sd.iT, ilay
& aud 18, ia04: Wilderness. Thursday.
Friday and Saturday, May 5. G, ,, 18R4;
Antietaru. Tuesday and Wednesday, Sep
tember 10, 17. 1SG2, Waterloo, Sunday
June 18, 1S15.
For what purpose is a bcardof trade or
a similar eorporation maintained' 2. If
there is more money b.st timn-niudc in a
certain time on the board who puts up th-
balance? On the other hand, ir there Is
more monev made than lost, wnotaices that
monev? 3." Does a bcardof trad pay out
dividends to its members'- !. Is it of
anv interest to a memaer of the beard of
trade or a thnmberof commeree, whether
nou-member-, are losing r.r making money?
3. What benefit is it to big traders if
they can "shake out" weak aud small
holders? J. W. S.
1. In Chicago we believe the Boarir
of Trade is the same as the Stock E-J change
it other cities, but, as a rule, a hojidof
trade or a chamber ot commoreo is a oody
men In a city Interested in developing
the trade of that city for their own nndfbr
the public bent-nt. 2. On the .Stock Ex
charge, by whatever name it :e ..-alM,
more -nofov cannot be lot than ! made;
ir A. loses, R wins. 3. A Rard of Trade
toes not pay dividends; It is not t. inoiiey
liaking body, directly. 4. It i ot in
t -rests to lxards of trade if piir.-ouf- ant not
making money; ir that condition 1- wide--pread,
it shows that something nust te
doue Uj improve business. .". Hlg trad
ers on the Stock Exchange have no in
terest in shaking out small holders, unlefc'a
r.ir o.re special purpose, jueli m getting
control of stocks