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THE T1TVTES, WA&HINGTOF, SIOJT DAY, DECEMBER 27, 1897.
MlOKMNG. EVCNISC A2CI VCDAY,)
The Washington Times Company.
' SIU-EON" HUTCH INS, President,
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MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1S07.
-'"" Tile Abolition of the Cue.
A new Chinese trouble has appeared be
fore the astonished eyes or Congress. It
Is a bill Tor the naturalization of Chinese
It Is alleged by Wong Chin Eoo, a Chinese
gentleman, from Chicago, that there are it
least 10,000 Chinese in this country who
are to all intent'' and purposes, American
citizens, except that they have not the
privileges and the protection of the Ameri
can citizen. They have their -wives and
children in this country, make their monej
and spend It in this country, own real
estate hero, and are in every re.'pect good
and law-abiidng persons. It is claimed
by Mr.roothatthese men should b2 eligible
-The-case of the Chinese is rather ps
culia&among immigrants. A Frenchman,
an Italian or a Ru&sian may stay here
for many years, accumulate a fortune, be
come naturalized, and then go back to hio
own country but if a Chinese cuts jff
his cue lie cuts himself off from his own
country at one and the same time. He
cannot go there without that cue and
live. Consequently, he is a citizen of .io
country, unless he is allowvd to be natur
alized in the land of his adoption. Of
course, there are comparatively few Chin ;e
In this country who wish to become Amer
icanized. It Las been popularly supposed
that there wcie almost none. Even ac
cording to the data or Mr. Too, there .lie
only about 10 per cent of the Chli-M?
in meiica who have any desire to
cut thmnelves off entirely from "home
China." They have, as a rule, their own
quarter of the city, their own customs, md
their own lehgion, and the other inhabi
tants of their place of residence know as
little about tl-ein as it is possible to know.
There are probably not half a dozen peo.ilc
in this country who really have an in
telllgent and thorough knowledge of the
Chin-e. The difficult and intricate lan-.guag.-
of CI ?na is ami always must be
a barrier to the Anglo-Saxon, and the
Mongolian nature is to most people as
.my.sterious a their language. There l.as
been, how vcr, a glowing interest in the
nations of the East during the last de-:-ade,
and the present Chinese minister is
doing all that he can to improve the con
dition of his countrymen in the T iied
States. AVhellier American citiznViip
would improve that condition will be a
questioi. fo! the individual Chinese to set
tle for himrelf.
The Confession of lun "Macluren.
ICes "comes from over the water that
Ian Alaclarcn has declined a call to a
London pulpit. Tills in itself may not be
Intently iirleicsting, but t lie remaiks
he- made to his Liveipool congregation
-jusv-aficr 'declining the call are woithy
of note, boa-use they embody a girat
truth. WItl' somewhat phenomenal frank
ness Dr. Watson explained to his congre
gation the inducements which the Loudon
pulpit offered to him, generally and par
ticulaily. lie tald that no one who is
not a pieachcr can ever Imagine the
agony or production. Tills is piobably
tmc,-JiU I ougb he might find some sym
pathy among the hack writers for the
Family Story Paper, who produce thrilling
adventures ax a dollar a column seven
days Tn the week, fifty two weeks in the
year, until .their biains wear out- They
know, piobably, something about the agon V
of production. Furtheimore, Dr. Watson
says: -'lo pie:.ch to the bame people three
limes a week, and to depend upon so fickle,
and in my case so slow, an iustiiiment
as the biain how can one continue without
losing power, and becoming stale and
unprofitable:.' What a relief to begin
again, to tecast nnd improve one's mes
sage for unaccustomed ear and new
Thoie-lb-n-ijood deal of fcense in this,
Inorc now, piobably, Uian there woild
have Lcen two generations ago. Then
people no more ventured to criticise Lhelr
jnlnlster than their praycrbook, tnd a
man could have a barrel of hermons and
tutn them upside down when preached
Through, antl edify his congregatioi ;ust
-the flame. Lutlhere are somccongregationi
-nowadays who expect their minister to
have soiiieUiing,absnlutely new for thorn
every ssunday a new tonic, treated In a
new way, frofir a "new" pditlt of view.
Add to tills ttie Tact lliat these same
people (tenuously oppose the invention of
any new ooctrincb-and you have the mhij
ister in a very hnrdplac'e, indeed Con
sider, also, that tlioy arc apt. to.regard liim
as their property, Jo he accessible at all
times; To: Wedding, funerals and o it
pourings or the spirit, and you will wouiljr
that ministers sore throat is not more
common than it is
Of coure tliztu are Some men who have
an evei -springing, inexhaustible fountain or
magnetism, which takes hold Or the con
gicgailornlvciy. Sunday as If it had never
been felt before; and there are .some con
gregations -ivlilcli do not require all these
duties of their minister. Viewed, in the
lTghtof literature, a good sermon ought-to
take Ju-jL as n ucii time for preparation as
a good lecture, and once prepared, there is
no reason -why it should not be as ef
fective the second time as the first. Mcit
people can hear a great lectin er deliver
the Maine lecture two, three, or even more
times, and enjoy it better every time. But
they doTTbtfx'ein to regard sermons in that
light. There is a Icssou.fn this very frank
uttcrai.ee of Ian Mnclarcn's, and it should
be made the subjectof berious and careful
thought by congregations. It is possible
to get great good from Un ministrations of
a clergjman by the forcing process, by
keeping a constant drain on his personal
mugnetlsm, his brain and his strength, but
the world is thereby deprived or the good
lliat that clergyman might have done had
he been given a chance to rest and grow.
The natural low and the spiritual world
are usually very intimately connected, in
deed, and t lie laws of health are to be
followed in both.
A Cliitauo Pjut.
They have just had a Jaw suit in Chi
cago over some poetry. There Is not lime
at present to go into the. question whether
there is poetry in Chicago, according to
the New York standard or the Boston
standard, or the standard of any other
towir In the United States. The law suit
was over an article generally accepted in
Chicago as poetry, and to all intents and
purposes it was poetry.
The occaMon of this poetry wa a rire
man's wedding. In Chicago there, are
people who still cling to that happy iwstor-u
cutom of having iwetry written, printed
on little pieces of paper with an ornamental
border, aud sent around to the neighbors
on great occasions, such as wedding6 and
funerals. It is said by the i hyine factories
that almost, all the demand they now have
for sum verdant rhymes as flowers and
bowers, fount and mount, truth and youth,
heaven and given, river and forever, comes
from Chicago and Portland, Me. From
these two deiots they are boxed up and
exitorted U various surrounding districts
and'Mime are put on tuc bargain counter
for use in town. It was an article manu
factured from these bargain-counter goods
which made the trouble in Chicago- A
fireman got married. He thought it would
add what his bride callfd "eclaw"' to the
occasion if he had a friend write some
poetry. The friend said he would be glad
to for a consideration. The last half of
that sentence stents to have missed con
nectlonn with the fireman's car- The poe.n
wa written and called a fWcddlng Sym
phony;'' it was printed and sent around,
and the friends of the bride said it was
great- Imagine, then, the nurprl1 and
indignation or that groom when-among
the wedding bills appeared one from Mie
poet amounting to 15.25! The onde
groom had expected to do a certain amount
of billing, but tlii ira the kind or a bill
over which he could not coo. Perhaps ';c
ued some expressions which shocked his
bride and pcthaps he did not; that de
pends on his previous habits. At any
rate, he said he wouldn't pay it.
Then the petical friend liecame in
dignant ilso. lie said that L- had paid
out his good money to the extent of ?3.23
for the printing or that poem, aud he con
sidered that $10 was none too much to
pay him Tor his work. Was he to write,
without coiupei.ialion, a welding sym
phony containing such marketable lines as
So adown the rosy avenues the savior
of his lire,
Brings a flame to cool his fury and bears
the name or wire.
The ladder cannot reach it. The hose
will not avail;
The engine under pressure in idleness must
No, by Hercules, not on your life!
NaturallV ibis flame did not ci.-ol the fury
or the gallent fireman, and it looked as
ir thero would be a fi"ht somewhere on
the rosy aenues. But they finally con
eluded to take it to court.
The court, after hearing all the evi
dence, decided that the poetry should lie
paid for. Ths mind of a Chicago jude
is a curious thing. But the fireman ha 1
to pay foi that poem, and the hole in his
pocketbool:. doc to the burning genius of
that poet, is at present the fly in his
1'p to the presentj -writing the only sub
ject of importance that Secretary Gage
has not discussed is that dog-fight in Sena
tor Cullom's barn. Is this an oversight?
Senator Wellington doesn't seem able to
get a hearing. He might try the Salvation
It might be interesting to know Emperor
William's opinion of Julius Cuesar as
compared with himself.
If young Ed;son succeeJ in photographing
thought, there are some people in this
country who will not daie to think.
Somebody has lteen analyzing imposed
silks, and found out that they contain
as much tin, according to their thickness
as a medieval coat of mail. They are
composed (sonic of them) largely of '.In
oxide and silica, organic jnattcr which
Is not silk and nitrogen. There is a
small peicentage of silk, a little bit of
righteousness to save th3 city. But
most of the silk is tin oxide. This is
anothci' pjoof that everything on earth
is something ,ele at heart.
It tbouldbe distinctly understood that
the reports that Mr. Hanua Is in a decline
do not mfan that he has declined any
thing. A patriotic editor exhorts the Ameri
can nation lo make its own dolls. But
they would navcto be stuffed with saw
dust, and w should have'to do it our
selves. It we must be humbugged, let
other people dc the business.
It seems to be the general opinion of
well-inrormed members of the House, and
leaders in the Republican party, that
Scereta r j Gage's bill to contract the cur
rency, and to make more pronounced the,
gold stntidaid position 6fVttils country
will not-iMss the House, and thatlt certainly
will not get through;! he Senate. Befoi'e
Secretary Uage made-k'npwn his financial
views, and the Piesiilcnt proclaimed thenf
In his message to Congress, well-knOwM
leaders in the Republican party, ainlj
advisers in the Administration, seriously
qucstlonsd the policy fiom.a party stand
point of foiclug such a bill beforeCongiesn.
and Uiutel.y making u direct issue between
the pronounced gold standard members,
the bimetallism, and the silcr men.
When the bill comes up in the House for
debate. It will afford the opposition any
oppoitunlty that can be desired to assail
the paity that desires to make a further
contraction ol two hundred million dollars
of the circulating medium.
Democrats who are not pronounced silver
men. Democrats who are firm believers in
the Chicago platform. Republican's who
want the free coinage or silver, and the
binietalllsi-s who want some sirt of a
compromise between the two extremes, will
ull assail the bill, aud dzuounce the policy
it advocates. Re'pnbllcan'bln'ictallists.
it Is believed, will be 'particularly severe in
criticising the Administration, wheh, by
the national platforrij.fwns commltted-to
the policy of international bimetallism.
Bimetalllbtb refer wltlf satisfaction to the
eight mcnlhs secured the promise of one
nation to enter Into a bimetallic treaty,
and that the Bank of England hu3 met the
views of the Wolcott commission half way.
Bimetalllsts piofess that with such as
surances of buccess the Administration
should do all in Its power to push the
causi along and not to hamper it by such
an arbitrary gold standard plan as Hie bill
prepared by Secretary Gage provides- lb
has been tnoic than intimated by tome Re
publican members of the lloiiae Committee
on Hanking and Currency, to whom the bill
was referred, that It will receive but a
minority support in the committee, and,
iH-vcr reach the House Tor action. The op
position that has been manifested through
out the cotmtry to a further contraction
of th" currency has been so great, even by
pronounced Urpublican partisans, that the
licllef grows dally that the bill or Mr
Gage is consideicd by leaders lo be bad
politics, and it will be kUIed before it
can do futthcr damage.
Another proposition that will not create
a v.lld and delirious enthusiasm, and which
will not become a law during this tesslo:i
of Congress, Is the one submitted by the
armor plate plant commission. This Com
mission mnde what it denominated an ex
haustive investigation as to the cost the
Government would be put to ir it estab
lished a plant Hdly equipped to produr.e
the armor plate required by the Govern
ment rof its naval vessels. The amount
needed, according to the commission, is
$3,000,000. There are a number or
reasons why this- amount will not be ap
propriated, but the two principal ones are;
first, tho contractors, who have many
millions invested in armor plate plants,
and wht have been making many millions
or dollars out or the Government through
the investment, do not want the bill to
pass, and they will use nil or their well
known persuasljn in their efforts to
prevent the Government's owning a plant.
Second, the deficit this year under the
Dingley larirr bill is so great that the Ad
ministration will not permit the incurring
or any extraordinary expense.
The ore'ers had been already issued that
appropriations for rivers and harbors, nnd
all new public buildings, must be ;iept
down to libttom figures, ami such being
the case, it is but reasonable to believe
the Administration will not consent to
this expenditure of $3,000,000. It may
also be said that the proposition has lhit
very few friends in Congress, while those
inclined to favor the Admlnistiatlon and
the wealthy armor plate contractors are
many. It is a safe prediction to say that
this Congies will not make an appropria
lion of $.'1,000,000 Tor a Government armor
It is bard to find a member of the
House of Representatives in Washington
now. Nearly all have gone out of the
city to enjoy the holiday recess. Those
whu have homes nearby have gone there,
and thos vhc have not have gone to the
homes of tl elr friends.
Eveii mail that comes to Washington
from the Pacific coast these days br'ngs
with it a consignment gf letters from :hose
opposing the confirmation of Attorney
General McKenua. The most of these
letters arc addressed to members of the
Committee on the Judlciaiy, which las
the nomination berore it. These let'.-rs
arc in line with the charges published in
dispatches from Calirornia and Oregon
and aie Intended to have particular weight
with the committee, because or the flood
tide character or the documents. There
is no icason to believe, though, U1.1S the
committee will make an adverse report.
Not a single Republican will vote to oiakc
an adverse lepoit, and the Democratic
members of the committee unles ihere
should be some niuie serious charge tt.&n
has yet appealed, will acquiesce in the
decision leached by the Republicans. .There
are six Republicans and six Democr.'.ts
on the committee. Mr. Teller, the silver
Republican, who docs not claim now to
be a regular Republican, holds the bnluiee
of power. While Mr. Teller does not be
lieve Air. HclCenna Is the best nomination
that could be made, he has said to friends
that It was about jus gwd as could I e
expected fiom this Administration rud
would be accepted. .Mr. McKcnnx will
The railroad men are bringing the pressure
to beat on the President to prevent him
from making Judge I'axson, of Pennsyl
vania, the member of the Interstate Com
merce Commission to succeed Judge Jrorri
son. Two weeks ago, when the repre
sentatives of the passenger departments
of some of the leading roads of the coun
try were hole before the Congressional
committees on the anti-scalping bill, they
discussed this vacancy with Senators and
urged that the place be given to some
practical railroad man. They had no par
ticular individual in view, but sought the
appoiutnmntof some good railroad man as a
member. The commission is now made np
entirely of lawyers, and the railroad men
tay that the commission will never be
what the law intended until Eome one
familiar with the business is made a pivt
of this court. The proposed nomination
of Judge Paxson has raised a storm of
protests from all over the country. Or
ganized -labor is against him, aud if the
President carries out bis pledge to the
Pennsylvania Senators and sends his lame
to the Senate he will precipitate a lively
fight in that body. A determined effort
will be made by certain "Western Repub
licans to defeat the nomination.
The Banna forces in Ohio hat e determined
upon a public caucus. This is intended a&
a spectacular' display, the Hanna crowd
hoping thereby to deter those who arc op
posing the Senator and whip them Into line.
This is not the first time a public caucus
has been held in Ohio. In the fight be
tween Sherman and Forakcr in tnenomina
llon in lfiP2 a similar caucus was held.
The Sherman men were intheinajority, but
feared the work of a determined minority
Tho caucus was therefore held with open
doors, and Sherman was nominated and
elected. Hanna hopes to meet with similar
success. The caucus will be held iu the
hall or the houte of icpresentatlves on the
night of January 5. Tho joint balloting of
tjbe two houses begins January 12. .
Immediately after the assembly of Con-'
gross, Senator Lodge will introduce a bill
providing for the purchase of the Danish
Ihlandsr St. Thomas, -St. Croix, and t.
John. The State Dep'artntent has -communicated
with that government and
lcanvf that not only Is'It willing to sell; but
that, two Eiiropcair-goveruincnts are now
dickering for their purchase. These govern
ment aie .supposed ito bGermuny and
Great Hiitaln. The United States, in
18R8, negotiated a treaty with Denmaik
for the purchase of these islands for
$8,000,000, but it was defeated by ChurP'S .
Sumner. Eery European nation with a
naval establishment has a post in the
West Indies, save Germany, and that
nation is making great efrorts to own'
these islands.iforTiio harbor of St. Thomas
is the bjjst in the w est Indies, and capable
of holding the navies of the world. He la
tor Lodge believes ,tue United Stales
ought to own them, and he Is confidjnt
that the appropriation for their purchase
will be mi'detbyiCpngrcss.
lie Tnlliis -Toiirtedly of the During
Representative Johufcou, oT North Da
kota, is M-rynJijch dissatisfied with the
amount or the Tehring Sea award.. He
thinks, as ma nxyolhers do, .that the sum
is much gicateF-tl'an it should be. and
he does not hesitate to say so. Ills crllj
cisin of former Secretary John AV. Foster
is one that Is not calculated to please that
statesman very much, and he detioiincefi
the national humiliation as the icMilf; ';f
stupid diplomacy. In dlbc'ueslng the ;it
fair, Mr. Johnson said:
"Mr. Foster wrote to' his Government
In August, 1803, that $3.57,353 of the
Claims were Tor 'prospective earnings.'
That would leave only $31,81 S of claims
Tor actual damages. We are gravely
tohl in the dispatches this morning 'that,
in view ol' the smill amount, $401,000,
of. the actual award the.se, prospective
damages evidently arc scaled down loan
Insignificant amount or rejected .ntindy.'
That is Impossible, Tor $81,818 could not
have grewn lo $101,000 in four years.
Mr. Hitt told the Bouse In 185 that
'$5,000 Is about what is due,' and I
think be held a letter in bis hand at the
time fioin Mr. Foster supporting that
opinion. Gen. Henderson, oT Iowa, ,'er
talnlj teH-ired to Mr. Foster at the time
as authority that $81,818 was the maxi
mum claim Toi actual damages. The total
Aalue or otic or the seized ships, Hie Say
ward, was only $'J,000, while the total
claim Tor damages to that ship was $1 1S,
''iTe of the ships, viy.. Thornton,
Saywaid, Grace. .Anna Peck and Dolpnln,
belonged to. Joseph Hoscowltz, an -American
citizen. He firstsold a balf inteiest in th
fleet to an Englishman of the name of
Warren and took a mortgage back for the
entire puicbase price. Then he'iorccloscd
the mortgage and got an English blacktmith
or the name of Thomas H. Cooper lo buy in
the whole fleet for $1 and mortgage It !ark
to Boj-cowlu lor $25,000. Cooper sweais
that ho neer paid even the Si and did not
know how ma ny. ships he bought at the fore
closure sale. Yet $225,00u or theclalnisin
question aie in faor or this Thomas H
Cooper. I do not wonder that John W.
Foster ib called In to break lite news or this
geutl" to Congress. He is not si'rprncdat
the result. Or course not. V'a are now in
for ten1 01 twelve times 3s much as he led
us to' believe we ov.'cd when wc had
a chance to fettle without any commission,
but In the meantime his son-in-law. Attor
ney Bending, 'who would cheerfully go tj
Washington at any time if 3-011 or the per
sons having charge or the Government's
.interests should think it desirable to cen
ter with,hiiii(Mr. Foster tOllresham, -Aug.
17, l-93,, las f-arned-a-iilro attorney-fee
as one or our counsel before tho commission.
"The astounding' part of this aibitration
is that those who 'represented our Govern
ment hi. iicndcied'-'our case, point for poiut
without so much as: once calling in the um
pire piovided for iu the treaty. Mr. Foster
partly e plains this when he says. 'Presi
dent Cleveland having officially declared
tha't$-i-5.00llHva.$ a juslatxlequitablesun'
in set tlemcnt.and therefore ha vingappoint
ed as the -Amcrledli commissioner toajudi
catc the claims aiclo.se persona nnd politi
cal friend, it foiiIiL hardly be expected that
the latter woild strenuously contend for
auawardof alcsha.mount ' "
CLAUSE- JN NEW THEATV.
Exclusion Proviso Miglit Operate
Against. Japanese in TInwuii.
There is a little but interesting embar
rassment 10 Japan involved in the ques
tion of the annexation of Hawaii. The
point, it is said, lias been discussed already
by the Japanese minister and the Secretary
It is well known that Japan proclaims
thatslu has no objection to the annexation
of Hawaii to this county. With this state
ment, however, always goes the assertion
that Japan would like the status or the
.Tapani f-e now in Hawaii to remain undis
turbed. If Hawaii were annexed the treaties
betweei Hawaii and Japan would cease im
mediately, and the Japanese would have
the same rights as they have in America
There is now no law excluding Japanese,
and the pieent law would naturally gov
ern incase Hawaii were made a part of the
Tlie diplomatic battle, however, comes
in on the new treaty with Japan, which
will bb It effect next month. By the new
treaty, America expressly reserves the
right to exclude Japanese If she desires. If
Hawaii be annexed at all, it will be under
the new treaty, and there will be nothing
in the futuic to prevent the exclusion of
Japanese, from the island. It is the terms
of this treaty that -give the Japanese
government' the trouble in adjusting 't
self to the new propos2dsItuationinHawali.
A Senator said last night that this aeed
not give Japan much concern, bccaae the
Japanese in Hawaii would, in the evjnlof
aiinexctloii. lie protected by the treaties
between Japan and America. This couu
try, in the new treaty, merely reserves the
right to exclude Japanese. There is jo.h
lug to indicate that such was the object of
The h'.addcr was created for one pur
pose, namely, a receptacle for the urine,
and as such it Is not liable to any form of
disease except by one of two ways. The
first way Is from imperfect action of the
kidneys. The second way is from careless
local treatment of other diseases.
SAMPLE. SENT FHEE.
Unhealthy urine from unhealthy kid
neys is the chief cause or bladder troubles.
It Is comforting toknow that Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-ltoot tJulWIs every wish in quickly
curing bladder and urinary troubles. Itcor
reels rrcquent calls?. Inability to hold urine
and scalding or stinging pain in passing it,
or bad errrct rdllowlng use or liquor, wine
or beer, andovi'rVomes that unpleasant
necessity of eiri compelled to get up
many times during the night to urinate.
The ndid and' extraordinary effect of Dr.
Kilmer's Swamp-ltoot Is soon realised, it
stands the highest! for its Wonderful cures
of. the moat distressing cases. If you need
a medicine 6n sViould have the best." At
druggists fifty cents and one dollar. You
may have a rnmplc bottle and pamphlet,
both sent free' by rriail. Mention The Morn
ing Times afitl fiVnil yoiir address to Dr.
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TOO SLOW FOR SENATORS.
By Hefsoliitioii They Will Try to
" Stir Up the State XJepurtnicnt.
Several Senators are determined to stir
up the State Department to additional ac
tivity, and to make it furnish at least
a key 01 index to Its archives.
A Senator who has called on the State
Department; for information, more often,
pcihaps, than any other now or Tor years
In the Senate, said last night that the
processes and ways nnd means of the
State Department were t io ilow and
cumbrous for this generation of Americans.
A plan has, therefore been devised and
talked over by several Senators, by which
It Is p i o posed lo have practically Uie most
importuntof the State Department archives
at the Senate.
The particular matter In which the State
Department has failed to suit Senators is
the long delays in the obtaining it in
lormatioi. whi'iiever it is wanted on the
subject of claims of this Government
against ethers, and vice versa.
A resolution is to be orfered, probably
next week, calling on the State Depart
ment tc furnish u list of claims, and with
each olahii such lntormutlou as shall en
able :uny Senator to call for any particular
part of the case. With this list in ha id
there, will be but very little delay In
having produced a copy or a digest of any
feature of a case under discussion in the
The State Department machinery, this
Senator said, must be very slow, seeing
that there are so many cases pending
which could have been emied diplomat
ically, with anj kind of energy, long ago.
Only a day or two ago the Campbell
case came t the top accidentally, and it
was found that, although It lias been pend
ing for nearly twenty years, the last move
in the matter was made four or five years
ago. There are cases in Nicaragua, in St.
Domingr and half a dozen other pi-ics
which art- permitted to rest for no con
Tl:u Senator referred to said that thA
rcsoluti.m was one for the facilitation of
business, and would not be opposed by any
Senator. It is well known that a Senate
resolution, In general terms, calling for
Information on a certain case some
times ircaiuflhe end of that case, for the
session, in. matter how long the session miy
be. Willi a list or cases at the disposition
or Sc-L.'.tors, it will be easy to call for just
what Is wanted, and to get it in a hurry ir
THEA'IY OPPONENTS ACTIVE.
Will Try in Every Way to Thwart
The friends of Hawaiian annexation be
lieve they have an additional argument
for their tide of the case in the approach
ing debate in the Senate, in the Condition
of affairs in the Orient and the1 effort
of thf European powers to cut up China
to suit Heir own purioses.
There are thousands of people "in the
United States who still look upon Jh'na
as a county Tar removed, and one in
which, as a nation, America has no pos
sible interest. A glance at the map or
the woild will show that China is the
Conner next to this on the west, closer
to the Factric coast than she is to any
of the countries now seeking to gather up
a portlor t her territory.
I f there it to be a duplication of Eng
land, France and Germany in the Orient,
it would seem as if this country would
sec the absolute necessity of taking pos
session of the only outpost between China
and the United States, when it may be
had without a word of protest from any
other power, at this time. Condition, In
this respect may change, however, and
what maj be now had for the asking
may not be secured in a few years 2Vu
There are wise men in Congress who
contend that Hawaii in the hands of any
power other than this country would be
a standing menace to the peace or the
United States,, and would absolutely .ou
trol the commerce of the Pacific Ocean.
While tin United States is not interested
iu securing a slice or China, for the mere
acquisition of territory, it is interested
in a commercial point or view in what is
done there by the other powers. O'lhia
is, in a measure, a neighbor. K Euro
pean powers eventually control her whole
sea coast, the exports from 'the United
States to China will disappear altogether.
The nation which holds Hawaii will
hold the key to the PacKIc, and in peace
war will dominate the Pacific and "he
trade that TJoats upon its bosom.
The rriends or the treaty realize that a
great right is being made by the -'ppo-nents
or annexation. These opponent-,
are even now predicting that the treasy
is dpail; that it cannot be ratiried, and
that Hawaii will never, cither by tr.Miy
or joint lesolution, become a pa-t or
the territory of the United States.
Senator "White (Dcm., Cal.,) is, per
haps, one of the most active opponents of
the treat j.
"I do not believe the Republicans will be
able t find the necessary votes when the
roll is called," said he yesterday. "The
treaty is dead now and deserves to be.
"The scheme or annexation has lost Jome
votes, too, on account of the rear that
the islands will ultimately bs construed d
Into a Slate.
"V do not know what the political exi
gencies or the future may force upon us.
Suppose two additional votes were needed
in the Senate and the Houfce was of the
same mind. Hawaii would be made a
"For many potent reasons, which it i
not essential tc name, I believe the treaty
will tin defeated, but I do not care to give
away our oae.
"We have a fight before us in the So-i-ate,
and, for one, T do not desire that
the friends of annexation should be loo
well acquainted with the method oy
which wo piopose to attack the subject.''
"I do not believe--the Sugar Tru:.t .k
opposed to annexation," said the Sen
ator. ''The Trust would prefer to ec an
nexation than to have the present treaty
with Hawaii abrogated As .1 matter .if
fscl, I believe the Trust would like ,- ry
well to have these islands as a fart of the
Cubed States, and there are certain infi 1
ences at work which justify the concl-ui in
that the Trust is laboring in that di reef lonn.
There aie certain men who are said to be
the frieuds of the Trust-Tfc roll-call will
fhow where these men stand, and that will
tell exai tly what the attitude of the Trust
'The Sugar Trust doubtless favors the
annexntjon of Hawaii, for that would be
the entering wedge to the acquisition of
outside teiritorv, and might, some day,
possibly in the near future, probably more
remote, lead to the annexation of Cuba.
With Hawaii and Cuba, both possessions
of the United States, and with this powerful
corporation controlling the chief product
of both. Islands, it Would wallow In a wealth
with which itspie.sent vastness would he
Insignificant by compailson."
AUTONOMY JANUAIIY 1.
Captnin General lllnnco Tal.es an
New 1'ork, Dec. 25. A correspondent of
the Herald wires rrom Havana that he
has been assured by Captain General Elanco
that vlicn asked to descrihe Just how
Col. Ruiz came to go to tte rebel camp,
Gen. Blanco said:
"Ruiz, from previous intimacy with
Aranguren, knew the latter to be at heart
an autoi.omist, and offered to approacli
liim. Ruiz wrote to the rebel elder,
and Aranguren made an appointment to
meet Ruiz at Tuiriha Cuatro. "We have
correspondence to prove this.
"Ruiz went to keep the appointment
Should be read daily, as changes may
occur at any time.
FORHIUN MAILS are forwarded to
the ports of sailing dally, and the schedule
or closings is nrru.ig.-a on the presumption
or their 1mh1terruptv.1i Overland transit. For
the week ending January l, 1808, the last
connecting closes will tie made at this
orrice as roliows:
TU13SUA1' (b) At u:-JO p. m., for Eu
rope, per s s. St. Paul, from New York
via Southampton. Letters for Ireland
must be directed "par St. Paul.'' (c) At
11:10 p. 111., for Beigfum direct, per s. s.
Kensington rroni New XOrk. via Antwerp.
Letters most be dlrtjcu-d "per Kensington.''
(c) At 11:10 p. . in. Jo r Europe, per s. s.
Majestic. from isew York viatueenstown.
WEDNESDAY (cj At ll:lo p. in., for
Genoa, per . s. Kulfcer Wilhelm II, from
New York. Letters must be directed "per
Kaiser Wilhelm II.
FR1DA y-ilij At 0:20 p. m. for France,
Switzerland, Italy,. Hpniii, Portugal, Tur
key, Egypt ami juritisii nulla, per , s.
La Champagne," from New 1'nnc, via
Havre. Letters for other parts or Europe
must be directed "per La Champagne"
(el At 1 l:lo p. m. lor Netherlands direct,
via h. s. Olj.iam, rrom New York, via
Rotterdam. Letters must be Ulrecteo "per
Obdam." lei At ll:iu p. in. for Europe,
per s. s litrurw," Irom New York, via
Queeustown. tci At ll:lo p. in. Tor
Scotland direct, per s". s. Anchoria, from
New j'ork , via tiiupgow'. Letters must be
directed "per Anchoria."
PRINTLU MATTER -German steamers
sailing rrom New YorK on Tuesdays take
printed matter, etc., ror Germany, and
specially addressed primal matter, etc.,
for other partb of Europe.
American ami White Star steamers sail
ing from New York oti U eon esdays, Ger
man steamers on 'IhurMiayx and tl.eCuuard,
French and German steamers on Saturdays
take limited matter, etc., for all coun
tries for wiiiili they are auvertised to
3Iuil lor joiitli and Cent nil Amer
ica, West Indies,, Eie.
MONDAi-lcAt 10.00 p. m.,forHcIIe,
Puerto Cortex ami uuatainaia. persteumer
from Svw Orleans. tc)At 11:10 p. m., Tor
Leewatd and Windward Islands, per s. s.
Pretoria, rrom New York. Letters ror
Grijuaua, Trinidad and Tobago must bo
directed "'Per Pretoria." (cAt 11:10
p. m., for La Plata countries direct, per
s. s. Georgian Prince, from New York.
(c)At 11 lo p. m., ror inagua ami Haiti,
pers. s. Navanoe, rrom New York.
TUESDAY -Id lAt I .0." p- in., for New
foundland, per steamer from Norm Sydney.
(a)At .'J.'JO p. m, ror Jamaica, per steamer
rrom Loslon. (c)At 1 0.05 p. m., Tor
Costa Rica, per steamer rrom New Orleans.
(cJAt 1 1 i 0 p. in-. Tor Jamaica, per.sle.imer
Irom Philadelphia, Pa. (e)At 11.10 p
111., Tor bermuda, per s. s. Trinidad Irom
New York. (clAt ll'l 0 p. 111., rir New
foundland, per s. s. Portia irom New York.
Vj;i)Ni;siiA Y-lcMl 11 IO p- in. Tor
Central America (.except Costa Rica) and
sjoutn j'aciru: ports. p;r s. s. tinance, rrom
New York, via Colon. Letters ror Uaute
mnla must be directed "Per Finance."
(c)At U.io p. in. ror .Santiago de Cuba
and Colombia. pr s-s. Panama, rrom New
York. Letters must be directed "Per
Panama." (:JAt 11.10 p. 111. fur Jamaica,
per s. s. Ardinirose. from New York, let
ters for HelUe, Puerto Corte. and Guate
mala must be directed "1'er Ardanrose."
(c)At 11.10 p. in. ror Nassau. N. P., p,-r 1. .
Anlilia, from New York. Letters must be
directed "Per Antilia." (c)At 11:10 p.
111. fur Nassau. N. P., and Santiago d : Cuba,
p.r s.s. Santiago, from New York.
THLRHDAY tc) At 11.10 p. in., for
Campeche, CbiapAS, Tabasco, and Yuca
tan, per h. h. Concho, from New Y'ork.
Letters for other parts ot Mexico mubt
be directed "per Concho."
FRIDAY (111 At U.2f,i. rn., for Fortune
Island, Jamaica, a vanilla, and Greytown,
per s. s. Aiene, from New York. Letters
for Costa Rica must be directed "per
Alene." (d) At G 25 a. m-, for Haiti and
K.-mta Martha, per s. 5. Kitiv, irom New
SATURDAY Id) At 12 05 p. in., for
Newfoundland, per steamer from North
Mails for Newfoundland, by rail to Hali
fax, and thence, via steamer, close here
daily, except siunday, at 12:05 p. rn., and
on hundays only, at ll-.'io a. in. d)
Malls Tor Mlquelon, by rail to Boston
and thence via steamer, close here daily
at S-20 p. ra.(a)
.Malls Tor Cuba texcept those for Santiago
de Cuba, which will be forwarded via
New York, up to and including the 11:10
p. in , close Wednesday), cloe here dally
at :i p. n.t for forwarding via steamers
balling Mondays and Thursdays, from
1'oit Tampa. Fla., to Havana.(e)
Mails Tor Mexico, overland (except those
for Campeche, Chiapas, Tabasco, and
Yucatan, wnlch, after the Tuesdav over
land closing, win be forwarded via New
York, up to and including the 11 10 p.m.,
close Tmirsduy), close here dally at 7.10
Mulls for c :1111a. ano .,.ipan , specially ad
dressed only, per s. s. Empress or India,
rrom Vancouver, close here- daily up to
C.40 p. in., December 27. (d)
.Mails Tor China a ndJapan. per B.S.China,
rrom San Frunclsco, clovi hero daily
up to 5.40 p. in., December 31. (d)
Mails for Australia 1 except, those for
West Australia, which are forwarded via
Europe), New Zealand, Hawaii, piji ami
Sainoan Islands. per s. s. Moana, from San
Francisco, close here daily up to G.40
p. 111 , January 2 (d)
Mails ror China and Japan, pers. s. Vic
toria, from Tacoma. close rxre daily up to
0:40 p in. January 2. id)
Mails for Australia (except West Austral
ia). New Zealand. Hawaii and Fiji Islands,
per s. s. Miowera. from Vancouver, close
here after January 2 up lo G.30 p. in.
January 3. id)
Mails for Hawaii, per s.s. Australia, from
San Francisco. cloe rere daily up to 0:40
p. m. January 19. Id)
Mails ror tne Society Islands, per ship
City of Papeiti. rrom San Francisco, close
here dallyup to G:40 p.m. January 2."5. d)
(a) Registered mall closes at 10 a. m.
(b) Registered mad closes at 1 p. m.
ic) Registered mail closei at G p. rn.
(d) Registered mall closes at 0 p. m.
(e) Registered mail closes at 1 p. 111.
Tuesdays and Saturdays.
JAMES. l WILLETT,
I Cold Watches
f 14 and iSk. for ladies, S25
& and upward for men, full J
size, latest styles, as low as $
$35- Diamond Rings, real
brilliants, S5 Brooches, Sto
I Pendants, $20, respectively,
mr1 nrnTrl W
4 JS7" Men's Sterling Silver Watches
tie up warn.
iALT & Bm
1 107 Penn. Avenue.
Xj -$ -? &J $$ O && &&& 9
and was killed. He In. re no Hag or
truce, tut went with roll consent Troiii
me as a peace commissioner and depend
ing upon the good TaiUi of Aranguren."
"Has the killing or Kid, excited .1 in
spirit of levcnge on the part of the Span
ish troops?" I asked.
"Naturally, some," said Gen- Ulatico,
"but I wili .'absolutely not countenance any
ctueltiosoi, ti.e part of Spanish orficers. I
want np little bloodshed "s pos-ilblr. My
whol; ider is for peace.
"Autonomy in Cuba." continued Go i.
Blanco, "will be au established Tact by
Jauuaij 1. The mlulstryis completedaud
will be nt work by that time- Of course,
there tie some persons who are not satis
riud. but there ulvvays Is a minority. Willi
aiiloiKHi.lc.il rule established, I will be, to
a great extent, relieved or responsibility,
except as a sort of viceroy, and I then lit
lend to take t he field aud conduct an active
campaign against those rebels who reru.se
to submit, but I think that once the Cubans
seeautonomy actually working Uielr doubts
end prejudices will be overcome-"
When the question of reiler Tor tne poor
of Cuba by th charity or the United 5-i'es
was mtrntioned Gen. Blanco said:
"I am a Christian myself, and i)y ap
preciate the kind Christian spirit in -Viieh
these goods are offered- I will be glad 10
help Gen Lee In every way."
SJ5VKKAI. HUNDRED 1DL.K MEN
?.:ade So by the Troy Steel Company
Troy, N T., Dec. 26. Work at the im
mense plant of the Troy Steel Company,
on Breaker Island, has been indefinitely
discontinued. Several hundred men are
thus thi own out of work.
Do jou Know tlmt yon can liavo
Tho Mo ruing", Evening; nnd Sunday
Times tlip only COlirLETB news
paper puhllslied in "Washington
nerved to- voir nyx'ii-rrier for titty
centH a month?
10th, 11th and P Sts. N: W.
invite attention to their se
lections and direct importa
tions from Paris, from
Lyons, from St. Gall of
for the Debutante, for Re
ceptions, for Weddings, for
Dinner Parties, for Theater
Parties, for Balls, for all
Fashionable Occasions and
Social Functions. Rich
Laces, Tulles, 'Chiffons,"
Mousselines, Silks, Wools
and a vast variety of other
fabrics that are now so gen
erally shown by the leading
BEGINS A SALE
M mi Damage.
Made necessary by the great crowds
which thronged our Book Store
during the days before Christinas.
Some of the Books have the cover
scratched; some are finger marked;
some are a bit battered, while
others are of a style of binding
that hasn't met with general favor.
In every case the reading matter is
com j lete and as good as ever.
Hundreds of volumes are repre
sented, including Standard Au
thors, Poetry, Recent Fiction,
Birthday Books, Historical Works,
Illustrated Gift Books, Essays,
Cook Books, Books for grown boys
and girls, Books for little children
In order to close out the entire
collection we have made the: fol
Iowing " """-
Very Decided Price Reductions:
Were 25c and 35c." c "
Were 50c and 65c.
Were 75c and Si.
WereS5c to $1.25."
On Center Tables In BaserceBt.
WILL BREAK CAMP
' Capt. C. W. IUGGS.
But one more day remains to
purchase the quaint Indian Tro
phies. As a special inducement
we will sell during this last day
Former Prices, $4, $5 and $6,
Your Choice of Qj
me clime Lui( una
Other quaint Curios at-Iess than