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THIS TlJUES, WASHINGTON, SUftftAY, JANUARY 16, 1698
6 &imts (MORXIXG, EVENISGAND SUNDAY,) BV THE WASHINGTON TIMES COMPANY. STILSOK HUTCHIXS, President, llutchins Building. Srnscuiraox Ratss. H'OSTITLT, BV CARBIBIi: Morclng, Eveu'njr and Sunday Firty Gents Morning and Sunday Thirty-live Gents Lvcnintf and Sunday Thlrty-fl e Cents BY 5IA1U One Year, Morning, livening and Sunday.. 55.50 Sis Months. " " " " 3-W Tlliree Months " " " " - "'' Cue Year, Morning and Surday -1.03 Six Months, " " " "2J UhrceMonths" " " 25 One Year, Evening and Surday. . . .". -LOO SixMontUs, " " ' 25 Three Mouths, " " " 1-23 Sunday only, one year - --- LOO Orders by mall must be accompanied by subscription price. -", Editorial Rooms.."". ....."... 43 V,o "usine.-v, Ofllce 1W0 numbers, circulation Department 263 Circulation Statement. Tiic circulation of TllE Turns for the vccL ended Saturday, January IJ, 1S9S, teas as t'olloics: Sunday, Januai-y 0. Monday, January j0. Tuesday, Januarii 11 - - ... 21,000 ... S3.072 ... sy,ir.s Wednesday. January li r.9,223 Thursday, January IS., - "iD,140 Friday, Junnurg 1... oJ,032 qtw day, January Jo S0.141 Total Daiiy average (Stmttey, ceptou) V,opt cx- 39,127 Communications intended for .publication in Ttic Tithes should he tersely and plainly written and must in all cacs be accompanied by the name and addrsss of the icrilcr. Jl: jCtfed communications trill nt be preferred, and only manuscripts of obcious importance will be returned to thca' authors. Headers of The Times who tnnyat ajiy time be unabk to procure copies of it at any vacs stand, railroad station or on tailroad 1i alns will confer a favor upon tht manage iicf by sending to this ojhee information of the fact. SUNDAY, JANUARY" 1G, 1S98. Pence ami National Decadence. For many years it has been dinned into American ears by a certain well meaning, but really dangerous element, that Avar is such a frightful and a -wicked thing that men and nations ought to submit to anything rather than to fight. The influent e and propa ganda of these hysterical and capon ized people has been much advanced by the fact that their views have hap pened to accord with the interests of a foreign and native combination of financiers and investors. The latter have subscribed liberally to the dissemination of the meek and mushy doctrines and appeals of the peacemongers for arbitration, for na tional abstention from interference in Cuba, no matter at what cost of out rage to precedent, honor or humanity; and we are afraid that for some time past a sentiment really has been grow ing, more particularly in the provincial and remote districts or the country, in favor of a national Chinese policy of isolation, including dependence upon prayer and submission to affront, ag gression Or oppression, in the interests of alleged piety and peace. There is nothing in it! Man is a fighting-animal. If he were not so un der the scheme of the Creator, he would not have a temper and canine teeth. Where these have been given healthful exercise so to peak tribes and peo ples have flourished and held their own. "Where the virile fighting force and habit have fallen into disuse, popula tions have grown weak, feeble, submis sive and the prey of their more vigor ous rivals. The abstract idea of universal Chris tian brotherhood so persistently preached by the peace societies is a pretty one on paper: but the ambitions, the necessities, the struggle for bread among the nations, and their canine teeth will all have to disappear before it can become a possibility. The mawk--ish movement in America in the line of such doctrine already has been at the expense of vigor and patriotism. The illustration of what we mean is presented boldly and uncomfortably enough in the hastening fate of China. There Is a case where a population great enough to cope with all the re mainder of mankind, if it were properly armed and trained in the habits of war, can be terrified, driven and overrun by an insignificant force of modern troops with improved arms and scientific methods. The same thing will happen to us one of these days if we do not wake up to a realization of our situa tion and its dangers. "Where among us is the spirit of the Old Roman who said: "Dulce et de corum est, pro patria mori?" "Where is the average American of the present day who is likely to be caught declar ing that it is sweet and honorable to die for one's country? Yet that was the spirit that wrote the names under the Declaration of Independence; that was undismayed at Valley Forge, and fought the battles of Lexington, Sara toga and Yorktown! "We need a revival of that sort of thing, and we should have done with the molly-coddle gush of the peace-at-any-price cult. War is an evil, but at intervals a necessary one. It is not as bad as cowardly acceptance of oppres sion, invasion, or even a serious affront to national honor. All men must die some time or other. In reality it mat ters but little whether one goes to his Jong sleep a trifle sooner or a bit later. In any case, it is better that a few brave men should anticipate pain and old age on the battlefield than that millions of posterity should suffer be cause their forebears had lost their manhood and courage, and could not defend their rights in this wonderful heritage of America; a heritage now ours, but not long to be so, unless we take measures to protect it and its people from the envy, jealousy and ul terior designs of foreign nations. Gen. "Miles".. Ideas on Decoration. Gen. Miles seems to have used his eyes while he was in Europe. Soldiers and sailors, too, have filed across his field of vision, clad In the glittering and -resplendent uniforms of nearly every European nation. As the gor geous, magnificent and martial proces sion in the course of several months j SObc continued to pass a given point, Gen. Miles being the point, he -was contin ually comparing them with the blue clad regiments under his own control, and considering what could be done to make these regiments more effective. in action, and more Impressive as com pared with the magnificent standing army which acts as a police force in all Euiope. One of the ideas which popped into his head in the course of his stay was that our cavalry oliicers should be more gayly uniformed, and he then evolved a scheme, which, when the cavalry officers Heard It, made them wonder if their pay was to be increas ed, thejr uniforms provided at the ex pense of the Government, or it they themselves were expected to do with out eating. The idea which Gen. Miles has more recently brought to light, however, is simpler and less startling. It is that, inasmuch as all the soldiers and sailors, too, cf other great nations wear the insignia of their particular monarch upon their uniforms, it Would be an exceedingly good plan to have the" emblem of our Republic placed on the uniforms of our soldiers. lie would have the coat of arms of the United States placed over the chevron of every non-commissioned officer, and on the collar or somewhere else in the uni form of every officer. The motto "E I Pluribus Unum" might also appear on a scroll underneath. People may laugh at symbols as much as they like, and that sort of thing is certainly made a fetich by some nations, but there is a mighty i power in them, fcr all that. There is a primitive instinct in man that responds i at once and decidedly to the language of symbolism. Not one man in a hun dred, probably, could explain, or even attempt to explain, why the sight of the Stars and Stripes makes a lump come in his throat, and gives him a wholly unreasoning desire to -swing his hat and hurrah when he happens to see it in a foreign land; but it does. In some lands, however, symbols are piled on symbols for ages and ages, until the original meaning is forgotten, and the nation, or the uniform, or the flag, or the literature to decorated resembles nothing so much as an old-fashioned garret in which old clothes have accu mulated until nobody remembers who wore them or a hat they were for. There is no sort of reason for causing our army to vie with the armies of Eu rope in the pomp and .splendor of its clothes. But if Gen. Miles wishes to add a little gentle decoration to the plain blue of our gallant country's de fenders, there seems no objection to his doing so. In it Stnte of Suspense. All good people, when they assemble in their various places of worship to day, should offer prayers that the past indifference of this Government to Its duty toward our citizens in Cuba may not result in a massacre of Americans in Havana before help can reach them. It is probably true that by this time our fleet is within six or eight hours' call of Gen. Lee. Unless the Carlist and Weylerite conspirators begin their larger operations by cutting the cable, that should put him in a position to biing the ships to his assistance in time to save his life and those of his com patriots, in the city and vicinity. But Mr. McKinley is taking a terrible risk in the premises. It is a very simple case which confronts him. He has had assurances from all the civilized pow ers of Europe that they will observe strict neutrality fn the event of Ameri can intervention. All he has to do is to bend his fleet into Havana harbor, rec ognize the independence of the Cuban lepubllc, and the thing is done. It is useless for him to longer hope against hope that, in pome way, the Spaniards may succeed at last. Their final chance is gone beyond redemption. His duty is too plain to speak of. Will he do it? Virginia to the Front. There is patriotic pride and satisfac tion in observing that Virginia, the Mother of Presidents, and the progeni tor of at least two of the greatest gen erals of history, has had her warlike old heart touched by the bellicose tone of events in Cuba,, where one of her favorite sons is waving the flag of his country in the face of Spanish mobs, and thinking, with "Fighting Bob" Ev ans, that, if he had his -way, "nothing but Spanish would be spoken in Ge henna for a week!" Yes, old Virginia never tires! A "bill to facilitate in Virginia the creation of colonels" is about to be introduced in the legislature at Richmond. The new governor has done all he can in this di rection under existing law. He has fourteen colonels on his staff, just dou ble the number his predecessor re Quired. But that is not enough. There are yet able-bodied male citizens of the Commonwealth, all "free, white, and twenty-one," who are not colonels. This must be remedied, and speedily, before bloody-eyed Bellona has a chance to break loose in the Antilles or anywhere else. The legislature may be trusted to do its duty. Kentucky is, or, a few years ago was, in much better position as to this im portant subject. There, when a gov ernor was about to go out of office, it was customary for him to send colo nel's commissions to all the friends and acquaintances not previously hon ored with positions on his staff. Ken lucky governors were not limited in their right to manufacture colonels; probably are not now. The convenience and public policy of the system is ob vious. There is a full corps d'armee of colonels in Kentucky ready to take the field at a moment's' notice. There is a colonel for nearly every pint of corn whisky in the State. Let Virginia immediately place her self upon the same high plane of mili tary efficiency. Oroker and Hill. Current political phenomena in New York arc strongly corroborative of the view that Richard Croker has deter mined to capture, first, the State, and, later, the National Democratic organi zation, with an ulterior view of de stroying the Chicago platform and bi metallism in 1900. The charge that this is so, published in our New York cor respondence Saturday morning, is sup ported by an ostensibly communicated but palpably official article printed in the Naw York Journal on the same day. A prominent editorial place is given to "A Democrat," who glorifio Mayor Van Wyck, and argues signifi cantly that he is cruelly the man to nominate for President, when the time comes, oh the platform: "Harmony and victory." The, American i?eople will not easily forget that, before the "nomination" of Mr. Van Wyck for mayor of New York, Mr. Croker said that the candidate for that office "must be a man whom I can control." Knowing Mr. Croker's ideas and methods of thought as well as we do, we are auite sure that he enter tains exactly the same opinion as to the next governor of his State,, and the next American President. Indeed, he shows this plainly in recent utter ances. He is quoted as declaring: ''I shall elect my candidate for governor, and 1 shall re-elect my ftiend Murph to the Senate." Perhaps before a great while this conquering octopus vna feci himself in a position to add: "And x shall elect my man President or the United States." Mr. Croker has made arrangements to spend a good deal of time this win ter in Albany, where he can see that Piatt "totes fair" with him, and also meet David Bennett Hill on the lutter's native heath. Among the secondary objects of Croker's life, the utter de struction and annihilation of the her mit of Wolfert's Roost is the chief and nearest to his heart. Altogether, the big boss of Tammany has laid out rather an elaborate menu for himself. Domination over the city, State and nation, including Hill's scalp, by way of a toothsome entree, is rather a hearty prospectus even for the din ner of a giant like Richard Croker. A Great Question Settled. The country will draw one long, hap py breath of relief at the news that the question of precedence at state dinners has been finally settled. For the last few years things have been made more or less awKward in Admin istration circles by th fact that neither the President, the Vice President nor anybody else was able to convince Sir Julian Pauncefote that hH place was not in front of the Vice President, and the Secretary of State, and all other American citizens except the President. The Idea was that the British Ambassa dor represented Queen Victoria in this country, and must therefore he treated just as her majesty would be"-if she were here. - Mr. Stevenson yielded to this view so far that, while he may have had his own private opinion as to where he belonged, lie declined to as sert his claim. Mr. OIney did not be lieve in that -sort of thing. Whenever he and the British. Ambassador met anywhere, and thu President was l.ot there. Mr. Olney declared that he rep resented the President and was entitled to the same honors. So they compro mised. When they met at the house of an American Sir Julian Pauncefote went first: when they met at the house of a foreigner Mr. Olney went first. Thus peace was preserved, and the friendly relations of the two countries remained unimpaired During this Administration things have been different. Vice President Hobart utterly declined to call on Sir Julian Pauncerote before Sir Julian Pauncefote called on him. Th conse quence was lhat all through the spring the British Ambassador "regretted hif Inability to accept" various invitations to houses where he knew Mr. Hobait was to be. This state of regrettulness seemed likely to continue through the entire Administration, and when Presi dent McKinley looked rorward through interminable vistas of dinners, recep tions, luncheons and other things, at which the absence of the British Am bassador would make a serious hole in the pleasure of the guests, it made him feel sad. After mature considera tion he made up his mind that there would have to be a change. So he wrote a personal letter to Col. Hay, asking that gentleman to call on the proper British authority and find out which was really entitled to prece dence in Washington, according to the views of the Biitish empire the British Ambassador or the American Vice Pres ident. Col. Hay promptly executed this commission, and the other day some thing happened. Sir Julian Paunce fote called on Mr. Hobart. Then Mr. Hobart called on Sir Julian Pauncefote. Nasty Talk in the Senate. The other day we took occasion to fa vor consideration of the Hawaiian an nexation treaty in executive rather than in open session of the Senate. Readers will remember the reasons as signed were that it might strain our international relations to present pub licly the evidences of foreign plots and preparations to seize the islands, and that the anxiety of all enemies to the measure for open doors, on this very account, made it highly proper to shut them. "We have another reason for fenring that the doors not only should be closed, but the leakages stopped. If the reports of a colloquy between Senators Tillman and Mason, in executive ses sion on Thursday, are to be credited, the Senate is in danger of losing what ever respect for its supposed dignity and propriety may still be extant among the citizens of this country. If there is not another way to avoid the recurrence of such an incident, perhaps it would be better to abolish the gal leries altogether, and thus attempt to save the nation from the disgust and shame which such passages at arms be tween statesmen necessarily inflict. We will not quote the language used on the occasion referred to. It may be tolerated in the American Senate. The public would not tolerate it on the hustings. Lewis Carroll. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson is dead. On this side of the water that name has little meaning, but when it is added that Mr. Dodgson wrote several books for children under the pseudonym of Lewis Carroll, a whole flood of memo ries from the happiest days of child hood will overflow one's thoughts, and the marvelous and absurd phraseol ogy of "Alice in Wonderland," and the no less curious pictures with which that remarkable work was illustrated, will come to mind with a vividness which only belongs to early memories. The Rev. Charles L. Dodgson was an English clergyman and mathe matician, and wrote the Alice stories merely for his own amusement, and that of his favorite little folks. They were instantly and widely successful, and quite eclipsed his fame as author of serious mathematical works. He wrote also two or three burlesques on mathematical text-books, but none of them ever reached the popularity of "Alice in Woriderland" and "Through the LookingGlass." The sweet, wonder ing face of Alice, sometimes wistful and perplexed, sometimes distressed, always the face of a pure and gentle little English girl" who means to 'do what is right, and whose only tempta tions are innocent longings for cakes and marmalade. Is the center Of these visions, and paradoxical as it may seem, it must be said, that these fan tastic tales are In one way absolutely true to life. The dreffm-life of child hood is portrayed" fn tiiem with perfect fidelity. Things happen "In strange 'se quence; the thingj themselves are strange: they sometimes awaken a dim feeling of surprise, but one soon becomes accustomedjitfar QJem, and tries to dq the best one'n. Jt is a very mixed world, in wlt(ch" gothing seems to be quite real but one'self, and that is always real, in spitapfi a queer tend ency to grow small or Targe, to develop what wicked little boys nowadays sneer at as a rubber neck, or to weep tears that threaten to drown one without benefit of clergy. There has never been a dreamland just like it. Most dream stories bear the mark of the hammer and saw, and childien say to themselves with the skepticism which unobservant parents seldom suspect, "H'm, that wasn't any dream! I never dreamed that kind of tiling." But Alice was not manufac tured; she and her dream grew, just as naturally and as logically as tin laws of mathematics; and even the lan guage is mathematically exact in its absurdity; and so, perhaps, it is not so strange after all, that Mr. Dodg son, the distinguished mathematician, should be also Lewis Carroll, the his torian of childhood. Very Had If True. The report that Gen. Julio Sanguiliy.on arriving at Tampico, Mexico, acknowl edged that it had been his intention to land in Cuba, and again take part in the war. may be false. We hope it is. If it is not we are very sorry. Gen. Sanguilly was allowed to leave Cuba on giving his solemn parole, in dorsed by this country, that he would not bear arms against Spain during the present Avar. He Is a soldier, anji his record is that of a brave one. If he were to violate his word of honor as an officer and a gentleman, the only thing that we could wish for him consistent ly would be that he should be captured and immediately executed. Tiiis journal can say that with abso lute confidence, because we never have omitted an occasion, or lost a day. In advocacy of the cause of the Cuban republic. It is no excuse for violation of the rules of war, in respect of per sonal integrity, that the Spaniards reg ularly violate them, and are encour aged and assisted by the American Government in so doing. Men like Gen. Sanguilly should be above perfidy. His life was saved by the friendly interpo sition of this country. In return he gave us his pledge qfTneutrality. He must keep it, or be considered as a dis graced outlaw. f . ij Whenever there isj a' uhestiou or din puled territory betwren this country and Great Britain, itappeirsim the American flag is the one to le Dttufetl down pending 8cttleinent. That has Just happened at Bkupuay, Alaska, ivherci the Canndlan police have compelled tin lowering of the StarsandStripss.aiidanapoIogyrorhoihtinK them. Canadian Trcshnesa seeiri-s to need a halting in the slinpc ot a little fiiilitary treatment P '" tno-s' f"oze regions. Now, then! The final battle in, the war or conquest in the Hotiw ot Representa tive." will be rought out to a finish. 'Mr. Reed has dclded that there are not to be any liver ami. luirbor appropriation at this session. The Rivpr and Harbor Com mittee, hacked by every member -wIiomj district has a creek or holds a tidewater .-wamp susceptible ot being dug out and made aport ot entry for dingleSjointlynnd severally declare that there shall be a bill and an appropriation or $31. 000.000. Hut in the Speaker they will find a terrible adversary; a foeman worthy or their bleal. On Friday the Senate continued the nomination or II. A. V. Tabor to be pobt niastcr at Denver. The appointee was a member or the Senate once, but only for a Tew days, as he filled only a fractional term, and hi-, election to it by the legisla ture was only an expensive detail. Since then he has lo-t his millions, and has gone back to the pick and drill of earlier days. It is reported that he will be given a torchlight procession and reception on his arrival at the scene or his new ofricial labors. When rich, he was 1 iberal to the poor, and he enjoys a good deal of popu larity m consequence. The successful removal ot a man's stoma ch in a St. Louib hospital, while wonderful enough, is not to be compared with a still more delicate surgical opera tion recently performed at Columbus, Ohio. On the occasion referred to tcvcral legis lators, suffering from painful consciences, had them extirpated by the skill of the eminent specialist, Dr. hi. A. Hanna, of Cleveland. Under the Lodge resolution the Depart ment, or Agriciilluie will be able to wipe the rioor with the Srgar Trust argument that Hawaiian cane sugar would depress the American beet industry. The llritibh and Sugar lobby w-as in a panic 'yes' terday and hunting vii;oroilsly for some one with an argument adapted to Its use. They have depended upon other In fluences, but they are watehed too closely to make it safe for trjemeven to mention what they are, or ijiow (much they arc worth. ? M j. ' ' Row to receive and entertain t'resi a. dent Dole, when he reaches Washington. is a question wiiichsworrylng Air. Mc Kinley and the Statfc Department. They do not know whether to treat the Ha waiian executive astrhe chief of a friendly 6tate, or as a commercial traveler. 3 0 Iii Desperate Straits. (From the Roston' Journal.) It really looks as if the newspaper op ponents of Hawaiian annexation had in their desperation gone clean daft. Here is one of them, for instance, asserting that if we take Hawaii we must spend a hundred million dollars for forts to defend Pearl Hnrtior. But the report of the Army authorities on which Congress is now making annual appropriations esti mate's that seventy or eighty million dol lars will complete the adequate fortifica tion of all the seaports on loth the At lantic and Pacific coasts of the United State3: His Inheritance. (FromtIi3 Richmond Dispatch.) Eertha (referring to her suitor) You needn't; worry about Henry on that ac count, ma: longevity runs in life ramify. ra The part of ir that he inherited doesn't run, Bertha; it just sits down and sticks. CAPITOL GOSSIP. The now famous dispatch of Senator Hanna, after his election, to President McKinley' "God reigns; the Republic an party still lives" has been explain ed by Senator Cannon in a manner that will prove entirely satisfactory to the people, and lorever set at rest the many criticisms of the peculiarly word ed telegram. Senator Cannon said yes terday that in the transmission of the telegram the Western Union Company had not followed the original verbatim. He says that what Hanna actually wrote was: "Gold ieigns; the Repub lican party still lives." "Time is everything to a telegraph company," said Senator Cannon, "and wherever an abbreviation can be made without changing the sense of a word or sentence the telegraph operators do it. The operator at Columbus is well acquainted with Air. Hanna and knows iicw and where he worships and what he believes to rule supreme. When he received the dispatch, to save time, he left the T out of gold and made it 'God, for, so far as Air. Hanna was concerned, the abbreviation did not change the sense of the message. That is the usual way Air. Hanna spells gold." "The election of Benton AIcAIIIiin to be United States Senator is practically assured," said a Tennessee Representa tive yesterday, who, because of fac tional disputes, asked to have his name withheld. "You will see," he continued, "that when the Democratic caucus is held early in the week Senator Turley and Gov. Taylor will not be in the race. The people of Tennessee recognize in Air. AIcAlillln the best informed public man in the State, and he is also popu lar. He is certain to win if he has a fair chance, and his-supporters will see that he obtains that." This story is told In i elation to the recent visit of the Hon. J. D. Edgar, t speaker of the Canadian House Of Com i mons, to Speaker i:eeti. Atter..ur. jneeu had escorted his distinguished guest through all the interesting portions of the House end' of the Capitol, on the gallery and House floors, they descend ed to the basement, explored the dif ferent departments, and even went down under the terrace. Leaving the ' terrace, they clambered up the stairs, instead of going back to the elevator. 1 "We will now enter the rqtunda," I said the Speaker, "and go from there I to the Senate, foi I want you to meet I Vice President Hobart." To this the I guest acquiesced Gaining the rotunda I Air. Edgar expressed a desire to look , at tlie pictures, and in so doing they J made a half rircle of the place, and, , preoccupied with thoughts of enterta n- ing his guest, the Speaker 'did not no tice that when they entered the corri dor it was the one leading to the House. This fact did not dawn on him until he stood directly in front of the main door, which a messenger opened to admit him. Gazing about in amaze ment, the Speaker exclaimed. "Bless me. if this isn't the House," and turning with a comical twinkle in his eye to Air. Edgar, he added: "It's no use; I've been trying to get to the ! Senate for twenty years and i ran down each time." Two young men were walking about the Capitol yesterday. One was a stranger and the other was showing him the sights. After awhile the stran ger suggested that it would be the proper thing to go to the dome, and the other assented. When they reached the stairway the stranger said that he would prefer an elevator to climbing the stairs. His companion replied that if he wanted an elevator he would have to go to the basement, and together thev went, and the man who was ac quainted escorted his stranger friend to the lunch room, seated him at a table, and called for a cold quart "That, said he. "is the only elevator to the dome of the Capitol." The stranger, ol course, paid the bill. The numerous telegrams of congratu lation to Air. Hanna still continue to be the subject of remark at the Cap itol. Yesterdav Senators Thurston and Chandler were riding down town in a street car. and this subject was being discussed by them. Turning to the Senator from Nebraska. Air. Chandler said: "I think I ought to send Air. Hanna congratulatory message. If 1 were to do so. I should write it in this fashion: "I cordially congratulate you on this latest triumph of sound money. How much?' " Senator Thurs ton apparently did not see the point of the wittv Senator from New Hamp shire and replied with all seriousness: "Chandler. I don't think I would; the sound money question did not figure in the Hanna campaign." Who Js the God of Republicans'.' (Trom the New York Evening Post.) There hr.s probably seldom been an occasion in the United States with which God, If the general estimate of His char acter and attributes be the true one, had less to do than with the Hanna contest in Ohio. There has aiK seldom been an oc casion la which, if the general estimate or hlscharacter and attribute be the true on.?, the devil was more active. Influential and satisfied. There has seldom been an oc casion I a which the vices and defects in human character In which he most delights more abounded and were more fruitful. Fraud, falsehood, corruption, bribery, treachery, Indifference to public interests and to the character of public men, were the leading agencies in the struggle. The spectacle was altogether one which must have delighted the Inrernal icsions. This incident, and the appointment ot Saylor, the exposed swindler, to the con sulship of Matanzns, Cuba, In spite or the remonstrances of all that is best In Phila delphia, personally made to the Tresident, raises, in spite of us. the question, What religion Is it that these men profess? They profess some-religion a good deal. They are diligent in their attendance at church; they have ramily prayer. They weep tears of pious emotion when they startrrom home to take office In Washington. But what God Is this God whom they worship? It can hardly be the Christian God. Comets Coming in 1808. (Urom the London Globe.) The Pons NYlnneoke comet should oren the list by appearing in April, after an absence of about five and one-hair years. In May the Celebrated Knckc comet Is due. This comet has a peiiod of only three and one-quarter years, and its fre quent reappearance has teen the means of astronomers discovering a great deal alout comets and their wanderings through space. In June we should have two or these cosmical visitors Swiff ami Wolfe's comets-tbe former after an ab sence of six years and the latter a trifle longer. Temple's comet completes the visitors' list by arriving in September. These cometsarcalliejular visitors, w-ho-se periods arc so well known that their ar rivals may be timed almost to the hour. Others, no doubt, will arrive, but they will doubtless )e casuals, of whose ante cedents nothing is known, and most of them such small fry as to catch the at tention of only, the most assiduous ob servers. Wheels. (From the Jacksonville Citizen.) Hare hunting is now done on wheels. So Is much of our thinking. MARYLAND SENATORSHIP. rriendis of Jndge McComa.s are Still Confident. Baltimore, Jan. 15. While the friends of Louis' E. AlcComas are expressing great confidence in the Judge's chances of being the next United States Sena tor, the Idea that a Baltimore man may be the wearer of the toga would seem to be entertained by many citizens of the State. The process by which the western Maryland people propose to unite the other Republican counties in the inter est of their favorite has not yet been made clear, and it is asserted that he cannot count upon the combined sup- (it'IL OL llie Will Ki -U1JS1I1. Jlc...t"...J ft liw ) house who nominated Air. Gould for i speaker simply because of that fact. Considerable political engineering will atniieicr, mi- uea nicii uuunu ma uy- i ui me iaianti. xne great mass of Cu ponents together no longer exist, and i bans opposed to autonomy believe thafj the question of choosing a Senator has . it is not genuine, and that it involve split their ranks into several distinct divisions. A great deal of gossip upon the-Sen-atonal subject was indulged in yester day.notwithstanding the dullness which always follows the adjournment of the legislature until another week. In the course of the talk It was made plain that those who are ahxfous to secUre the election of a city man have derived much encouragement from the recent course of affairs at Annapolis. The "faithful eleven" are, by all accounts, solid for Alajor Shaw, and are likely to hold together for at least several ballots. It is claimed, also, that AlcCo mas cannot make any headway at all against ineir ramus, aim, lurmc-nnuit-, ij. wnat a very snrewu poi:iuun ". Is true, the showing for the Judge on the firht ballot wil be far below the es timates of his advocates. "The eleven," said he, "are now twen ty, and their numbers are growing. Southern Alaryland will not stand foi AlcComas, although the Charles coun ty votes are expected to go as Air. Afudd wishes. Beyond its limits his in fluence upon this matter does not ex tend, and the members of the legisla ture from Calvert and St. Alary's will vote for a Fifth district man on the first ballot. "On the Eastern Shore all the votes, excepting thos-e of Somerset county, which I expect to see go to AlcComas, will be cast for a candidate from that section of the State. If all these votes get together with the eleven they will number twenty-five or thirty, and will have a strong pull toward making the man. Indeed, I believe that if Post master General Gary wants to be Sen ator, and plays lus cards well, he can capture the prize. He is enough of a Baltimore man to get support from the city, and the fact that he is not a resi dent of the Sixth district would be of advantage to him with those who are opposed to one section of the State ha- -ing all the big offices." Xotwithstanding this rather enthusi astic outburst, it must not be forgot ten that it is continually being said that in all calculations on the Sena torial race "You must lock out for Shryock." The genial general, who now fills the post of State treasurer, is expected to play a large part in the Senatorial drama, which begins at the State cap ital on Alonday night. He will be there in person, and his friends predict that his courteous, hospitable manners- will win him a host of supporters and many votes. Judge AlcComas is also to be on hand, according to a statement made yester day, and he, too, will show himself to the members of the legislature, who. naturally enough, are, anxious to meet all the aspirants whose, -nameu will come before them for consideration. Of course. Alajor Shaw will be there. His ardent advocates will hardly let him stay at home while his rivals are on the ground: and all the other gen tlemen who have been mentioned in connection with a seat in the Senate, will. likewise, put in an appearance; ex-Congressman Findlay, Dr. Barber, Col. Alullikin. ex-Congressman Urner, and everyone of those who come in under the general head of "favorite sons." B. A. Richmond, of Allegany, who is an earnest AlcComas man. expresses himself as entertaining no doubt what ever of the success of his favorite in the race, yet his earnestness is no less than that of the Shaw folks, nor of those who are talking for Shryock. Judge AlcComas is very sanguine. He has received information to the effect that the Republicans will unite on him, perhaps, on the first formal ballot. As viewed by the Democrats', the Re publican outlook does not show a prob ability of an early result. The mi nority party are generally of the opin ion that the senatorial contest will be protracted. MARYLAND NEWS. A cattle poisoner is at work at Clear Spring. Acts of vandalism continue at Wil liamsport. Hagerstown has taken steps to or ganize a chain gang. Air. Arthur Greenman. a well-known ilorlst, of Easton, died on Friday. The Port Tobacco Times and La Plata Crescent have consolidated. Of the Kent county levy of 5S3.00O, less than $13,000 remains to be paid. Anne Arundel county has a project on hand to erect a number of school houses. The United American Alechanics raised a Hag over the Aberdeen graded school on Friday. A man purporting to be an Odd Fel low in distress has victimized a num ber of members of the order at Ha gerstown. David Kiefer. ex-county commis sioner, of Alleghany county, has been arrested on the charge of bribery. He was released on ?1,500 bonds. Harford county citizens want the legislature to repeal the section of the liquor law allowing druggists to sell intoxicants upon a physician's pre scription. Hugh Trail, a veteran, who has been In jail at Cumberland since Christmas, on suspicion of having; committed the Norris double murder," has been re leased. The eleventh annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society was concluded at Snow HilL These officers vere elected for the ensuing year: President. John J. Rosa, of AIHford. Del.; Vice-President,, Capt. R. S. Emory, of Chestertown. Wesley Webb, of Dover, was unanimously re-elected secretary and treasurer. Sate. (From the New York World." 'I've been thinking seriously of getting married." "Oh, well, you arc safe, then." '"What do you mean?"' "Why, if a sensible fellow like you thinks really seriously about it, he'll de cide not to." New England Prosperity. (From the Atlanta Constitution.) The tiilal wave of AIcKinley prosperity in New England is the largest and thickest and saUL'sl and wettest ever known in that section. AIire Than Knnugli. "' (From the. Chicago. News.) . A word to the wicked insufficient it you call him a liar. "" He Did, He Did.' (From the Rome, Ga.. Tribune.) Hanna "chequed" the tide against him. KING'S AMPLIFIED VIEWS: further Discusses Cuba for The Times Ketulcrtr: Congressman King, of Utah, whose Interview, printed exclusively in The Times on his return from Cuba,attracC- ed widespread attention, further ex--preises himself on the situation In the island as follows: . "The elements on the island are so' very discordant that it Is impossible fo- anticipate peace without the interven- . tion of the United States. "The conservatives, or Spaniards, are -opposed to autonomy, and while a por tion of the party advocates organised' opposition to its enforcement, others think that a passive policy should b adopted. All of these Spaniards af& opposed to the independence of tht- J island because, in their belief, the Cu Irrrian&n flan r in every essential respect the suhordfi nate power of Spain. They think that It Is not home rule, anci that It was of fered in order to delude the insurgents into the abandonment of the war and the acceptance of peace. They further I claim that it was offered tnninnnn h. i United States and prevent Immediate, j intervention on the part of this Gov., i ernment. rite i::yurgen3 oppose autonomy and state that thtv will ,t -rn.n. ( any proposition from Spain except it' be based upon the absolute independence of the Island. "I am convinced that with these op posing elements In the island, it will be . impossible to plant autonomy in Cuba' . it is claimed br Blanco thn.t .intnnnmv is now in successful operation, and the autonomist minister informs me thaK the affairs of the island are now being fully administered by them, but it M evident that they are merelj- figure heads, and that the power in Cuba 8? Spain's mailed hand. "Spain is masquerading behind thes , autonomists, and we are trying to make ourselves believe that autonomy is a generous gift of a beneficent and" magnanimous country. This self-deception practiced by public officials fn this country, may be the cause of seri ous difficulties and serious blunders. "Autonomy was unable to suppress the little riot in Havana, or to collect a peseta for governmental expenses, or to control a municipality or direct a province. Ostensibly the people ars governed by civil authority, but in reality it is by military authority. Spain's authority in Cuba is restricted to the fortified cities and towns, and to small areas around which forts have been built. The eastern provinces'are completely dominated by the insur gents, who roam unchecked in the western provinces. Spain has pacifica tion only where she has troops. "It will thus be seen that all efforts thus far made to establish peace and operate it by autonomy have proved abortive. In the four provinces I vis ited, there is no change indicative of marked permanent improvements. Thousands of reconcentrados are starv ing and dying, and business is depress ed and enterprise checked, and work is entirely suspended. Only within the fortifications is there any work. "Alen who have lands and planta tions behind fortified lines are denied the privilege of 'working" them. Occa sionally, if they will agree to erect forts and garrison them with soldiers, pay ing to the government a sum of money for the services rendered, permission is granted to occupy these lands. "The statements heretofore made re specting Weylers orders of concentra tion are true. He drove sbc hundred thousand Cubans -nto th? fortifi d cities and towns, and Ift them helpless ami' impoverished to die of starvation. They were not permitted to return for any purpose, and if found outside of the Spanish lines were treated as public enemies. Accordingly they have died by thousands and tens of thousands and they are still dying from want and exposure. "The failure of autonomy will mean the ovonhrow of Sagasta, and. per haps, the restoration of Weyler to the place now held by Gen. Blanco. How ever, Cuba is a seething caldron; the insurgents are strong and militant ami sanguine. The non-combatants, who are Cubans, are strong supporters of the insurgents, and are giving them moral and financial aid. Spanish re sources are nearly exhausted, and I be lieve that it will be impossible for Spain to reassert her dominion over the island. She may be able to prolong the contest for another year, and starve a few more people and produce further suffering in the island, but it seems im possible for her to subdue the revolu tion. "It must be apparent, therefore, that there will be no material change In the island for some time unless this Gov ernment intervenes. We have Ameri can citizens on the island, and vast sums of capital invested there. Some citizens have been killed, and the prop erty of the most of them has been de stroyed, and their peace is constantly disturhed. In addition, they constant ly have to witness this great crime by Spain against her subjects. "Under all these circumstances, un desirable and perplexing as the results may be to our government and people, it is the plain duty of this Government to intervene for the purpose of estab lishing reace. protecting the lives and property of American citizens, and end ing a sanguinary- struggle which is dis astrous to the country" and destroying the people. "The outbreak at Havana shows the seriousness of the situation and the un stability of Spain's vaunted govern ment in Cuba. "Will war result ultimately? "Undoubtedly Spain will regard any intervention of this country as casus belli, and may declare war, but it is apparent that in her present condition she cannot subject us to any very great danger. It would be unfortunate, in deed, to have any controversy with Spain, but it is impossible longer to en dure the intolerable condition prevail ing in Cuba. "International law justifies some formative act by this Government in behalf of Cuba. "We must terminate this condition, no matter what the re sults may be. First restore peace to Cuba, and then let the people determine what form, of government they desire. "I do not think Spain desires war with this country, but it may come as a result of intervention by our Govern ment." Publicity Will Frevent Fraud. (From the Omaha Bee.) No Iiarm to any deserving pensioner could come from publication of the pen sion roll, but publication should also be made at or near the home of each ap plicant for a pension before it is granted. Such publicity would prevent more frauds than publication of the list of veterans already pensioned. Alight Have Saved His Toes. (Prom the Chicago Evening Post. It Poet Joaquin Alilter had only had the forethought to put one of the warm effusions of Poet Ella Wheeler Wilcox in lii- pocket when he started for the Klondike he never would have suf fered such hardships on account of the cold. A Kuili AJexleun. (From th Omaha World-Herald.) .. IJy tendering Air. Bryan such a cordial nt eptiou President Diaz i3 laying up a se vere scorching from those earnest de fender or the national honor who delight In killing off Air. Bryan between meals.