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THE TBIES, WASHINGTON, fflrgDKESPAY, JANUARY 19, 1898, Ctme XMORXisa. EvexiyaAKD su&dav, THE WASHINGTON TIMES COMPANY. S71LSOK liUTCUJNS, President, tiutchlns Bulldlag. Subsckiptiok .Kates Mokthttt. irr Cahkieu: Morning, 'Evening- and Sunday Fifty Cents Morning and Sunday Thirty-five Cents Evening and Sunday Thirty-five Cents iiv mam. One Year, Morning, evening and Sunday. .$3.50 She Months, " " ' " ..3-00 Three Months. " ' .. 1.75 One Year, Morning and Sunday 100 Six Months - ..: 2JS Three Months," " I.S5 One Year, Ecnlng and Sunday -1.00 Six Mouths, 2.23 Three Months," 1-23 Sunday only, one year 1.00 Orders by mail must be accompanied by subscription price. ,,.,,. t J-Mitorial Rooms 480 Kumtar? J Bitolncs Oaice 1W0 iNumoers f circulation Department 2C3 Circulation Statement. The circulation of Tiiu TrsiKS for the Keel; ended Saturday, January 11, JS9S; was as follows: Sunday, January P. -. 21,000 Monday, January 70. 30.072 Tuesday, January 11 39.15S Wednesday. January li 3H.220 Tliursduy, January IS. 39,140 Friday, January 14 . 39,032 Saturday, January iJ.. S9.141 Total 255.7GG Daily ataxia. Sunday, Sl,CO0, ex cepted) 09,127 Communications intended for publication in The Times should be tersely and plainly icriltcn and must in a' -case be accompanied by the name and addrsss 0 the Ki'iler. J!e jcclcd conununicatioiis teill not be preserved, end only manuscripts of obvious importance Kill be returned to their autlinrs. Jleudcrs of The Times teho may tit any time Vc ratable to pivcurc copies of it at any itcws stand, railroad station or on railroad trains will confer a favor upon thz manage ment b'i sending to tiiis office information of the fact. WEHXEShAS. JANUARY 19. 1S9S. Trade or Fight. It lias often been our happy privilege to observe that our British cousins were able to sustain assaults upon their prestige or honor, without resort to arms, always supposing that aggres sions originated with powerful nations. "When it comes to depredations upon British trade and the British pocket book, it is euite a. different matter. The government of Lord Salisbury "might be without support in an effort to punish another nation for an insult to the Empire, unless it should involve the interests of that "square mile of London" in which the Rothschilds and others like them reign supreme. But when the line is crossed the British lion, fed on gold and jealous of hi:, food supply, always growls and lashes his talk, We are led to remind our readers of this, in view of recent speeches by Mr. ; Arthur Balfour, leader in the House of Commons, and or Sir Michael Hicks Beach, chancellor of the exchequer. The latter has especially emphasized the proposition that England will go to war rather than have the ports of China closed to the trade of the world. -Suoli a. statement is important, when we consider that Russia has protested against the opening of three new treaty ports- in connection with the English plan to finance China's new loan. On the face of it there is every ap pearance that Great Britain" is work ing for the principle of an open trade and no favor; but it should be remem bered that, a row years ago, that same power controlled commercial affairs in China, in such a way as that England always had control, although nominally allowing equal rights to others. Under changed circumstances England now finds that her old exclusive domination has .lapsed, and announces her readi ness to fight in case it should be trans ferred to another power, or coalition of powers. It is very doubtful if we have any legitimate concern in the matter which it would pay us to fight about. We have always been at a disadvantage in the Orient, while it was under strictly -omisn auspices. If it were to come under Russian auspices, it is hard to bee where we should be the loser. Rus sia, at least, has always been ou friend, and England well, we know the history of our country. The Ceiir.ii. Qu.-Mioii. Notwithstanding some little hope in a contrary direction, we are afraid that the census of 1900 will be organized un der conditions which will give the par ty in power another chance to repeat the political outrages or the "Porter census" of lsjjfl. That expensive and mendacious presentment, as the coun try knows, was famous, or infamous, for Its ability to assault civilization witn the new proposition that seam sjtre&ses are 'manufacturing- plants," and u -steal a Congressman and an electoral vote from the State of New York. There were oilier tilings of a scandalous character connected with uiai census organization, which it J would be belter not to have expobed, but which it will become necessary to discuss in Case it Shall be plain that the same sort of thing is to be imposed upon the country again. It would be well for the party responsible for that census not to tempt analytical treat inent in the public press of its adminis trative "true inwardness." As the census bill stands to-day the party in power will enjoy the opportu nity to organize the Twelfth Census in the interests of the Dingley trust and monopoly bill; to juggle with the re turns of agriculture, industry, and commerce, and to lie. as it always does, in relation to the currency. Senator Jones, of Arkansas, has proposed an amendment, providing that the assist ant superintendent shall be of a polit ical patty-other than that adhered to by thesupcrintendenu This might give Mr. Jones, as the proponent, a chance to place a good Arkansas Democrat, but it is difficult 10 "see how it would re lieve the census of its partisan diathe sis. The "assistant" would have to take orders, and people in that position of life do not olten find themselves in a position to give them. The proposition of Mr. Jones does not in the least re lieve the census bill of its partisanship. We have stated "before, and we now assert, that there is Iemocratic power in Congress to" prevent the. passage of. 1 a. paxiUan census bill. If that power should not be exercised, everybody itriows hiat "will follow. The census of 1930 will be made to show, through false returns, that the Congressional apportionment should be cut down in Democratic and raised in Republican localities- JJ, iviJI. boused to falsify the agricultural, industrial, and commer cial statistics to meet: the views of the trusts and monopolies, and, like the "Porter census," it will be money wast ed; because no economist in possession of his sane senses will place the slight est .reliance, upon it. Once more we call upon the Demo cratic 'Senators and Members of Con gress to make a fight against the pro posed outrage. We do not, and they should not, aak for any partisan ad vantage. It is their duty to make a strike for a Twelfth Census of truth. It is within their known power to de feartlie appropriations for any other kind of a census. What we want in 1900 is a thorough ly lioncst census, gathered by experts .,.!, lmvn mi relations to party politics. From such people, properly organized, I - . . . r. l.n4-fr.ivk fnfrc Tt wc ought to get rocv-uuLLU... v.. - is unnecessary to go into the realm of economics as Gen. Francis A. Walker did in the Tenth Census. X.et that work be done through a reorganization and consolidation of the many segregated and duplicators- statistical "bureaus" and "divisions" of the departments. Let tis make the census non-partisan juiuvtruthfui, and, at the same time, crvstalllze the many statistical agen cies of the Government into one bu reau, -competent to handle the results. In no direction does our administrative organization more positively demand "reform. -'-" . .. . And the first, step should ue in 1110 establishment of a non-partisan or a bi-partisan census commission. Prosperity ut Home. In the home of Nelson Dingley, where the tariff blossoms-, blow, in fact, m Lewiston, Me., within a stone's throw or his own house, there is a strike of lurid proportions. It is likely to extend ,all over New England. His trust and monopoly fiscal system, which was to elevate wages all over the land, has failed to .work in the place of his resi dence, and his old neighbors and ad herents who weio compelled to vote for McKinley or lose their employment are disappointed. The mill operatives in Lewiston. in common with those in New Bedford, Fall .River and throughout the East, have had their wages cut down from 10 to 25 per cent Naturally, they do not like it- JJader .the old scale they were plutocrats to a certain extent. The average of their princely incomes is stated at $G a week. This was pret ty fair, as. the basis of MeKinlay pros perity and peace reigned. We will not say plenty, or that any of the workers grew licln but .still they thought of better times as Mr. Dingley grew-older. and that a "half loaf was better than no bread." Taking the situation in New Bed ford, where 9,000 operatives went out on Monday, as central and illustrative, it may be said that for the past three years the mills have paid dividends of from 6 to 16 per cent per annum on their capital stock, Two only tell be low the miniituinrtated. In a general way it ma3 be." said that the mills at other New-England points hava been doing about as well. But the Dingley shoe pinches, and the advancing prosperity to the McKin ley working-man has not come to the front. Instead of that, he has been compelled to realize that the conditions imposed by the gold and trust devil his vote has helped to raise mean slavery and starvation; and all over the region so neatly and trustfully represented by Mr. Dingley, he is revolting. f We are Intensely sorry for the work inrmon of New England. We are par- ! ticularly sorry that they did not make ' their fight in 1S96 when their votes and the "votes 'of other coerced laboiers might have changed the result, and ' given them and the whole country j prosperity. But they sowed the wind j when they accepted Hannalsm, as an ' alternative to loss of employment, and J they are reaping the whirlwind. 1 Will they have any better sense next autumn or in 1900? Twentieth CVntnry Evolution. The nineteenth century has witnessed many jiotable things in the evolution of civilization and mankind. It lias seen abfco'utisni crushed by the first Napoleon in its infancy, the rise of populai institutions under constitu tional government in its middle dec ades, and a reaction toward absolut ism and oppression of the masses in its old age. One of the strangest of its phenomena, and one which may sug gest a singular evolution for the suc ceeding century, is presented in recent political manifestations in Italy. Not to make a long story of it, wjiile countries like Germany and Austria, for some time nominally at least under liberal parliamentary government, evince a disposition to ..return to au tocratic dynastic power, the most con servative political rorce heretofore in Europe is showing a tendency to adopt democracy as the standard of political civilization. Intelligent people generally are aware of the strained relations which have subsisted between the Pope of Rome and the Italian monarchy, ever since the day when Victor Emanuel took possession of the Quirin.il palace, and 'matte the Eternal City the capital of United Jtaly. TJren the states of the Church, which had been protected by French bayonets, on the outbreak of the Franco-Prussiaii'-war, were lost to the Papacy, and the temporal power was taken from it. During all the yeai-Ji""3vlHcli "haYe "elapsed since that eyeijt. jtlie Pojiqs have lived a life of persistent protest, always considering tE?ms"dlVes "as prisoners" in" the Vati can: and all attempts at accommoda Uon between 1 the Church and the Ital ian state have been futile.' Roth sides haveesumed the position of "non nossamus." Neither could con sistently recede from its stand. The Pope could not "concede anything but restoration, of his territorial-sovereignty, always held by the Roman Catholic church to be necessary to the independ enc? of its supreme head. The King could notadmit-of an independent, and possibly .1 hostile State, within Italy. So the battle has -vaged between na tional and clerical influences to he present day. -It may Ue lemarked, in passing, that the political and.ecimomic conditions in Italy are not now what they were when Gariba"!di seated "ElTley Galantuamo" on the throne of a kingdom, created frqm..the ruinsof a lot.pf..small dynas- tic possessions." .Jit was a grat achieve ment" of nationality, tobsure, to take .Sardinia, 'Naples, Tuscany and the rest and to weld them info one State, with Rome a capital. If the history of the past five and twenty years had shown a decided improvement in the condition of the masses; had a'dvanced the finan cial status of. the nation, and lightened the burdens of taxation, the spirit which supported the Garibaldian revo lution might not have become decadent. But it has not been so.. The Italian government is hopelessly in debt. It is compelled to support a large stand ing army, the cost of which is all the more resented since its disastrous de feat at the hands of the Abyssinlans, and its people are discontented. Always jealous of the growing cleri cal influence among the masses, the government last autumn adopted dras tic measures to suppress it Not un naturally, that brought matters to a focus. The recent attitude of the pa pacy, outlined in its organ, the Civllita Catolica, Is the answer. It amounts simply to this, that the Pope, who .an not make peace with the monarchy, oc cupying Rome, might easilr do so with a republic, which would accept lha states of the church or the city itself, as an integral part of the federation, the Church to have jurisdiction in its own domain, just as an American State has within the United States. What may Come of this, it would be hard to predict. The Italian govern ment is alarmed, and perhaps with reason. Our only purpose is to call at tention to the manifestation itself. It is almost startling to witness the an tithesis presented by the return of constitutional governments to practical absolutism, and at the. same time to see the most historically conservative po litical power in Europe declaring for democracy. From the tone of the Kiigllsh press yesterday there appears to be a yearning hope over there that this country will make common cause with Great Ilritain against Russia in China. If the Bnglisli press has forgotten some things, wc have not. There was the war ot 1812, and the Ciayton-Ilulwcr treaty, and last but not least the Anglo-Cleveland arbitration treaty, it is true that blood is thicker than water, and that the English are our kinsmen. It alto ih true that Ave love them iu much the same way that other relatives love each other in everyday life. The (luct-tioii might be put to Senator 'Yolcott: ir Mr. McKinley is the honest friead of bimetallism you declare him, and his mlnlbler of rinance is the enemy to it that you say, how can both or them absorb their political sustenance through the same straw? Mr. Teller has said, and truly, that no self-respecting man would stay in a Cubinet where his views were antagonistic to Uiomi of liis chief, and that no decent Executive, would allow him to. Then, there is that Pea body interview. Is it not true that the President assured Mr. l'eabody of his complete accordance with the ideas, policy and recommendations E Mr. Gage'.' Our ardent de-lreto give everybody a fair show lea'd us ft) suggest To Senor Dupuy fie Lome .that If lie could get a little temporary help from the Bpaulsli Cuban bond and Sugar Intel ests, he might be able lo prevent an Administration organ in VahliiKlou from beginning to tell the truth about Cuba. It is a strange mani festation and tends to show I tie utter bank ruptcy of the Spanish ireasurj. It Is impossible for u to believe that Senator Ilanua will ever favor an antl scalplne bill, while Kurtz and McKis-on are on Hie earth. Ut'grets are In order that President Proc ter, of the Civil Service Cointnition, should have brought up the subject of Capt. Pratt, of Carlisle, before the Civil Service Committee. It is a delicate and a sore subject, anil President Procter should have known belter. Capt. Pratt is a ppouliar institution. Ill1- contribution of star graduate) to the mass of "blanket" Indians i too important an ethnological consideration to be ignored. In add'itfnn to which lie is able to appear in the ap propu'alion bills by name. He ha1; a pull. Ail reports from Havana and all leakages from the State Department indicate that an outrage has been perpetrated upon Gen. Lee- The American Government coolly shifts its responsibility for inter vention upon his shoulders. He must say when the nation should intervene, by sentling its fleet to Havana. He is a Democrat, and could be made a scape goat. Does not the Administration know that such a shifting of responsibility is a national Uit-racc? Docs It not know that it is an affront to a gallant soldier and gentleman to put the onus of national action upon him? Is it not plain tliat the duty of the Federal Government is to take possession of Havana harbor, and prevent the massacre, otherwise certain to occur? Mr. McKinley promised the nation that, 111 the event of a failure of his scheme of autonomy. American intervention In Cuba would follow immediately, nis own Ad ministration oTgans concede the death and burial of autonomy, and warn him that the lives of his consuls and American citizens are in imminent danger. Does lie -want anything el?e; or are the in terests of the Olney-Atkins syndicate morepreciousthanhisduty in theprcmises? Jllcks'h Crime. Cl'rom the Norristown, Ta., Itegister.) Postmaster Hicks, of Philadelphia, must explain before a Congressional investigat ing committee why he discharged Demo crats from the po'-toffice. The only ex planation Hicks can truthfully give is that he discharged Democrats to make room for Republican's. Whether the committee will accept this excuse remains to seen. Honor Dole. (From the Chicago Tribune.) Let due honor be paid to President Dole of Hawaii. No abler foreign ruler ever trusted himself on American soil. He Ouglit,to, if He Docs Not. (Prom the Atlanta Constitution.) Ve trust Mr. McKinley prays for the New England operatives. T.ittle Doubt About It. . (From the Philadelphia North American.) Tiic North Atlantic squadron may have its annual practice at Havana this year. CAPITiOLrfiOgSIP. The Senate yesteVday showed' how easy it was to pass ablll when It really wanted to. The urgent deficiency bill was passed practice ly without oppo sition and with'oii debate. It carries a fraction less thait2.000.0C0. It is not probable that the Senate will take any cognizance of the bribery charges ih conncietioji with the Hanna case, unless, the matter comes before it in the shape of a memorial from the legislature. Selmtc-7 Jones, chairman of the Democratic National Committal', yesterday received a copy of the reso lution of the Ohio legislature, but it is probable that the Democrats will taku no action unless the matter comes up in some more definite form. The District bill will probably be re ported to the House toduy. The bill has been very carefully gone over by the committee, and is understood to carry about the amount in the law for the current year. Tne committee has been very chary about allowing in creases asked ror. The, Democratic Congressional Com mittee will meet tomorrow night in the Hutchins building for the purpose of organizing. The meeting was orig inally called for tonight aVeak ago. It was claimed yesterday that Kepiesent ative Mcllae. of Arkansas, would be elected chairman, and It was said by his frientls that the members from Illi nois, Indiana, Ohio, Colorado, .New Mexico, Texas, Arkansas, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina,' South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama were pledged to him. Judge Fleming, of TCcntucty. who was law clerk In the oillce of the supar vising architect of the Treasury under Carlilse, and who was dismissed for go ing into the campaign aud making free silver speeches, is a candidate for the secretaryship of the committee. William W. Ashby, who was nomi nated during the recess to be consul at Colon, and who was drowned there this week, was confirmed by U13 Senate yes terday. It is the first case on record of the Senate confirming a dead man in an office. The matter was brought to the attention of the Senate when the case was readied on the calendar, and the question wai asked wnether the Senate should go through the form of confirming the nominee. Inasmuch as the Senate had no official knowledge of the death of the nominee, and as there might be some question as to the rights of the widow" the Senate therefore took the course of confirm ing the nomination, and he was con finiKd, although the State Department knew that Mr. Ashby was dead. Gen. A. J. Warner, president of the Bimetallic League of the United States, at the urgent request of the executive committee, which ist now" in session in this city, reconsidered his resignation and withdrew ! The general will re main at the heati or the organization and continue atPlh tne past to fight for the cause of bimetallism. Representative, Johnson, of Indiana, said yesterday tjial.the Republicans of the House committed would agree soon upon the currency bill, which would be reported by the aid of Republican votes, and which w'onld, he believed, be passed by the blouse. It would pro vide for the following, he said: (1) A reaffirmation of the existing gold stand ard; (2) the retiiement of the demand obligations of the Government; (:i) the divorcement of UieTreasury from the functions of a blink issue; (1) the sub stitution for the retired demand obli gations, in order to -avoid a contraction in the circulating'rmedrum,""of bank notes in reasonable ainounts, based upon sound commercial assets. The struggle over the Hawaiian treaty in the Senate is acknowledged to be one of the fiercest that has taken place in that body for many years. The outside influence for and against the ratification is simply intense, and many of the Senators say that they are beset at every turn either by its friends or enemies. The heaviest work is being done by trade interests in the United Stats that expect to profit by annexa tion. They have men of energy here by the hundreds who never lose an op portunity to urge prompt action. The feeling inside the Senate is also report ed to be intense, and while some very hot speeches have already been made behind closed doors still hotter ones are expected before the vote is taken. COJISTOCK HAS FO.Y AltRES"l"ED. "Liviiii; Picture Supplement of a Period ieial Complained Of. New York, Jan. lS.-Uichnrd K. Fox, 1 proprietor or the Police Gazette, and his manager, Robert V. Urban, were arrested this afternoon at the instance of Anthony Comstoclc, upon a complaint charging them with having ent an indecent paper through the mails. The paper complained of was the Na tional Police Gaette and its "living pic ture supplement.' The copy of the paper on which the charge was based was ad dressed to "G. Ih ill. Hox 510, Summit, N. J.," and Cotnstock said that his in formation was based upon correspondence addressed to Richard K. Tox, subscribing for the paper and icceiving it through the mails, in repone to a registered let ter sent to Fox. Fox and Urban were arraigned before Commissioner Shields, who held them un der $2,r00 bail each for preliminaryex aminatiou. Mr. Fox said that the pic tures objected to were simply reproduc tions of living pictures presented in thea ters in this city. DARK SIDE OF KLONDIKE. A Returned Ktuisan Sounds a Note of Warning to Wealth-Seekers. Topeka, Kas., Jan- 13. W. S. Evans, a Kansan, just returned from Dawson City, paints a dark picture of the Klondike,aitd advises U12 dozen ?r more goldseekers now preparing to startifrom "Western States to give up the undertaking. Evans says Tat meat and sugar coiild ife had in plenty at Dawson, but lie neVcr could eat all he wanted of cither? He drank grease and ate sugar without a'ny sense of sickness. 'Evans thinks tjiat he scheme of the Secretary of the Interior to run trains over the ice in the Tikon River to the gold fields would fail," because the ice often blocks thcj entire river, rising m lofty bergs. Over the mountains travelers must cut their Avrfi" through snows, which block the canyons. Ifr takes a month of steady travel tq cliiijb over either the Chilkoot or "White Pass, MARYLAND NEWS. Joseph S. Grimier has been appointed postmaster at HugQtt, vice M. IT. Hu gett. Rev. Dr. J. S. Kieffer, pastor of Zion Reformed Church, Hagerstown, cele brated the thirtieth anniversary of his pastorate on Sunday. John B. Mallott and G. W. Morton, residing near Hancock, on Pleasant Ridge, iu Washington county, while- out hunting with their dogs, came across a wild cat. The former fired at tie ani mal, wounding it. The animal repulsed Mallot and his dog. and a desperate fight took place between the dqg and. the animal "before it could !e despatch ed by Mr. Morton, who had heard tne cries of the cat. The dog was badly used up. The same hunters killed tv-o more wild cats during the same day. THE TELLER RESOLUTION; . j Mr. Wolcutt Help,s,the Dunjocratj to Favorably IteporttXlT. Tha Senate Committee on Finahce'b'y the solid vote of the Democrats and by the aid of the vote of Mr. WoJcotr, of Colorado, and the pair of Mr. Jones, I of Nevada, yesterday ordered a fa vorable report on the Teller resolution of January 5, which is In language identical, with the Stanley Matthews resolution jot 1S78. The resolution was subsequently reported to the Senate. Aftar setting forth the acts of March 18, 1863; July 14, 1870, and January 14," 1875, under which the bonds of the United States were issued, the resolu tion declares: "That all the bonds of the United States issued, or authorized to be is sued, under the said acts of Congress hereinbefore recited, are payable, prin cipal and interest, at the option of the Government of the United States, In silver dollars of the coinage of the Uni ted States containing four hundred and twelve and one-half grains each of standard silver; and that to restore to Its coinage such silver coins as a legal tender in paymerit of said bonds, prin cipal and. interest, is,not in violation of the public faith nor in derogation of thcTlghts- of the public creditor." This resolution and the speech of Mr. Wolcott Monday will form the text for many financial speeches and a pe riodical discussion of the fiscal problem may be expected. There Is no doubt but that the resolution will pass the Scqate when the vote is finally taken THE DAT. AT THE WHITE IIOCSK. Callers on the Z'rcililent mid What Tliej- Wanted. The fact that It was Cabinet day ex plained the small crowd in attendance yesterday at the White House. Senators Quay and Penrose called in the morning, and Judge Cole in the af ternoon. It has been pretty definitely decided that the Manufacturers' Club, of Phila delphia, will get a consular office for Mr. McCook, one of its members. Mr. McCook was in the city yesterday, and it is understood that his name will be shortly sent to the Senate for the con sulship at Lisbon. Another caller- was Senator Piatt, of New Tork, who is taking a big inter est In the appointment of a Federal judge in New York, one of the promi nent candidates for the place being Congressman Fischer, of Brooklyn. Representative' Strode, of Nebraska, and members of the Union Veterans' Union called to present the name of W. F. Pierce, of Georgia, as consul to Not tingham. C. O. Whlttemore and J. W. Judd, gold Democratic candidates for the po sition of district attorney of Utah, pre sent a difficult problem to the Presi dent in the matter of the selection be tween them. The President has as yet taken no action on the local district attorneyship. The last reports were that Gen. Alonzo Hart was to be nomi nated to the Senate. The nomination has not, however been sent in. The President has been informed that the selection of Mr. Charles Page Bry an as minister to Brazil Is pleasing lo that Government. The President has recognized Alexander Harkness as British vice consul at Savannah. Ga. REPORTED FAVORABLY, House Committee Will Act on the Antl-Scalpliig Hill. The House Committee on Interstate Commerce at its meeting lias de cided to report favorablye the anti scalping bill with an amendment which provides that railroads shall redeem unused tickets. In Sj.ite ot" this ac tion talk among Senators and Repre sentatives today indicates that there is a strong possibility that a new bill will eventually be agreed upon that will embrace both the railroad pooling and antl-scalping features, and at the same time other changes will be made J 11 the interstate commerce act that have long baen thought necessary. Letters have been received at the Capitol protesting against an amend ment to the House anti-scalping bill that was adopted by the committee at its meeting last week. It relates to the redemption by the railroads of un used portions of thousand-mile books. The co'mplainants assert that if this provision is carried out the purchasers will be at a disadvantage for the rea son that if in case 400 miles are left the company will pay only $2 instead of $S, thus making the cost for 600 miles, $1S, or at the rate of 3 cents par mile. The hearing before the Senate com mittee will be continued and it is pro bable that several of the higher rail road officials will ba summoned to tes tify. T.EONAKD W. JEROME DKAD. Unable to Recover From the Acci dent Tina Befell nim. New York, Jan. IS Leonard "W. Jerome, who had both of his legs crushed just below the knees, by being run over by a rapid transit train, near Jamaica, L. I-, on Sunday afternoon, died today. None of Jerome's relatives were pre-ent at the time of his death, but telegrams were sent to them. The body will he taken to Morris Park, where the dead man lived. The deceased was a relative of Leonard W. Jerome, the founder of Jerome Park, and was a cousin of Lady .Randolph Churchill. It is said he once had an in come or at least $10,000 a year, but squandered the money as fast as it came to him. Several months ago he inherited $23,000 from the estate of his wife, but iu remarkably short time he was almost penniless, and 'had to become a con ductor on the Long Island Railroad. Last Saturday night, it is said. Jerome had been out with a party of friendond when he got off the train at Woodhtill Park, he fell under the cars. lie was fifty-two years old. GOLD EXPLORERS SAIL AWAY. "Well-Equipped. Expedition Leaves San F ron eisco for Dawson City. San FrancKco, Jan. IS- The steamer Ex celsior sailed today with over fifty pas sengers for the Klondike. The wharf was crowded with outfits and dogs, nearly every party having a number of trained dogs. These parties were best equipped of any that have sailed for the north. None had less than 1,000 pounds of food to a man and some had 3,000 pounds each, cnouch to last for tw.o year. One party Is made up of eight Siberian miners, who have all appliances for mining in .the Russian manner, and an outfit or skin clothes that are remarkable. - The ship companies will not be able to handle the grea't rush to the Klondike un less more vessels are procured. The price of shipping Is now higher than ever. Ves sels that six months ago could be chartered for $1 ,000 a month, now bring $4,000, and these are only steam schooners. No large steamers are to be had at any price. Germany's New Warship'!. News has been received at the Navy Department going to showthat when Ger many shall liav.e realized on her budget for building ships she will be ahead of both Russia and America. By April I next, Ger many will have built or begun to to build twelve battleships Of the first rate, eight armored coast defease ships, ten large cruisers, and twenty-three small cruisers. The battleships are to cost about $5,000. 000 each, and tiie small cruisers about $1,000,000 each. PRACTICAL BANKINGh Mr Walker Gives His Idea oLIt to Illti Committee. The House Banking, -nd Currency Committee yesterday heard further from Secretary Gage and" former Secre tary Fairchlld. Chairman Walker began the investi gation by stating that It "vvas his -desire to bring out the points in this discus sion so that the man who, .kicks his heels against the "flour barrel in the fnnntrv ntnre nnrl sfttiM all the rinan- cial questions will understand. He j Chambers, Utah; Henry C. Miller, Illi went on to say that when a nols; John P. Jones, Nevada: Thomas bank pays out its currency it ! a- -Merrill, Montana; William V. Allen, takes from the man who receives the currency what it considers sound secu rity for more than it pays out in cur rency and as a matter of fact, the Tnan himself redeems the notes that he takes from the bank; that Is to say, the banks take notes for ninety days, and Its currency Is to be redeemed once in ninety-two days. The notes of the man who takes the currency of the bank are used' by the bank- in re- deeming its currency. Thls, said Mr, Walker, is practical banking. He said , these propositions are absolutely true in the banking of England. Germanv. France and everv other country that has sound banking. It is impossible to' have sound bank- impossible ing where the public treasury acts as the final redeemer. Mi. Fowler asked Mr, Gage as to his opinion in regard to making a change la this country from the secured cur rency issue of banks to unsecured, as provjded In Mr. Gage's bill; if it would ' PIainetl that his health had been, im not be better to inaugurate the change f Z, , I1 ie neeled rest and by a rule requiring an amount equal to ' ha ln view of the work which must the normal circulation of bank cur- ' be "?ne J-e desired that the comrnit rency to be at first issued on the same 'f 1ulld name some man more capa security as now, and: every live years I ble f lln5 " He state,d t,ha:t th reT increasing the amount of unsecured 1 Port w-mch has appeared giving forth bank currency one-fourth, so as to the inference that he would tender his bring the new system In gradually. '-fVi, n m?!aVse,.of lissat-3factio Mr. Gage answered that he agreed I SiL.Sf -P I s,tua"0"- "' with Mr Fowler that the chanire miht ' especially with the result In Ohio, was i, i,.,fct .fho.fr.nmt' I without foundation. The committef to be brought about gradually. r.nnimn,,iv rMi n ,..-,t th My bill, said Mr. Gage, "provides that a bank may issue unsecured cur- uanttv-Al niitf i rency to the amount of 23 per cent ot its capital. That is about as far as I would want to go until it was generally eaiuuiisiii-u iiiut nun uiiaecurcu curren- , cy was good; then the amount .could ( be increased with safety." i Considerable discussion was had on allowing the surplus of the country banks to be deposited in the large citi banks. Mr. Gage said his impression is that it Is a good practice but that it is a vast question and he is not pre pared to make a positive answer. Mr. Hill wanted to" know if It is nbt the limit which fixes the flexibility of the currency, and not the fact of its be ing based on security or unsecured. Mr. Gage said the flexibility depends on two things; first, the limit, and sec ond, the profit to the bank in issuing currency. Mr. Walker continued the investiga tion, bringing out the fact that the Walker bill, as Mr. Gage says, "offers more inducements to the banker than either the Monetary Commission s bill or my own bill.' The afternoon session was a short one and was devoted to technical In- t quiry in regard to the banking and currency bills now before the comrtiit- tee. CANNOT BE PAID THIS YEAH. The Northern Liberty Market Gioim iiuts Must Wait. Ex-Congressman John J. Hemphill, attorney for a number of the Northern Liberty market claimants, wrote to the Commissioners a few days ago request ing them to approve the findings of the auditor of the supreme court and for ward them to Congress in order that the parties to whom the nioney is due ipay receive it as speetlily as possible. The Commissioners, in their reply to Mr. Hemphill yesterday, stated that they had grave doubts as to their right j or power to comply with his request. In the deficiency act. approved July ' 19, 1S97, the following clause relates to ' the Commissioners duties with relation . r-n...-.3...:n..fi.. lut-ioc! u-tfh ,'dlfif mil to these claims: i "And the auditor of tlie supreme i court of the District of Columbia shall reoort said claims, so far as allowed by him, but without any allowance far receive thelt invitations In time for preseu interest, to the Commissioners of the ' tation this evening. Arrangements will District of Columbia, who shall, in case i nui,je ror the reception of such cases on they approve said claims, report the j uture occio,,,,. same to Congress in their annual esti- , The Hnal arraI1emems ere fGr mates for payment out the reenu.s receptln at the whlte mise ,BRt Tle ComSioneSsmfed that Con-! evening by Mr. Porter, secretary U, He greS wa of course, aware that it President, and Col. Wngha.u. the master would h "impossible for them to report of ceremonies. on the claims in the estimates of lStt xiie following memoranda covnrins tke for 1S39. Only a part of the claims rinal tetans -were rurnished to Ttw Time: have been adjudicated up to the pres- .Mjuring the reception at the Kxttcutine ent time, they stated, and they believed , ManMon tni cveiineday) evening, car it would be unjust to other claimants , m approJca fm, rhe nortttweir, to pass on those adjudicated tm icar. f northwe-t gate and leave by SPIUNTED AND SAVED A TRAIN- Heroic Hun of tv Section Hand on the New York Central Rochester. X. .. Jau. LS.-Lewis John son, an athletic section-hand on the New York Central Railroad, by His Speed as a . . m .nr.il fi-in iT-tvi f. T runner saved tne iimiicu man " might have been a frightful accident yes terday. Johnson was gome over his route arty"a special American express had gone Mirnttirh. and fnnn.i n broken ran. ue t.oxL- tbnt: the limited mail wan late and ,v.,l. -rnp.-i!ii at anv moment- Droppingl his tools and throwing his overcoat off, he st-irtcd on a run for the block station at Newark, two miles distant. When al- mot there Johnson heard the rumbling oi i the approaching train, but. redoubling bis exertions, he managed lo reacn the signtu tower just in time to snip the train. Ahollr-hing Naval lrofe-.ir-- Hecretary Long is in favor ot abolishing the naval professors. He also is in favor of having the Naval Observatory con- ducted by five astronomers chn-cn from civil life. In both cases mere .vni ic ti saving of money, and he thinks that ; at the same tune no iietrimeiit win come to the service. YIHGINIA STATE NEWS. Within the past four days there have 'been five attempted suicides in Norfolk. William Henry Whiter fornier rest- uent OL r reuBritMuuih, Uij J 'nent bank officer for nfahy years, died at the hospital in Staunton last week, aged seventy-four years. Webb Barton,-a ydUrfg man "who went recently to Winchester, has been ar rested on the charge of Inning stolen AVithin the last two weeks three horses, a set of buggy harness and a carriage. The stolen property was recovered. John Randolph Anderson, for a num "bar of vears a. deputy county court clerk of Roektiridge, and -proctor oi Washington and Lee University for ten years previous,. died very suddenly at an early hour Saturday morning. Charles Turner was tried- iii Rich mond Saturday on the charge, of being implicated in the shooting of D. W. Y'ates, last summer; while the' Iattei was out walking with his wife, and was given six years in the penitentiary. Tom Jenkins and Frank yinrk, tried and convicted on the charge -of having j roDDeu a numoei . i"'""- ' ... . southwestern -part of the State, havt. ' t-cen sentenced to live years In a Fed- t era! penitentiary by Judge Pall at Dan ville. It is intimated that if tltf Sttlbb? j veteran bill, now befqv,v, the, House, is enacted into a law that'll may result In breaking up the Soldiers' norae.The argument can be used, it is claimed, that if the counties-ami -cities -aTe to support the indigent soldiers there is no longer a need to appropriate tlie money to sustain thjs.Jnstitiuipfl-..- MONETARY EDUCATION. The American Bimetallic Leagno to Enlurge TMh Work. The quarterly meeting of the execu tive, committee of the American Bi metallic Union was held yesterday at the main office of the union. 1U4-H1S F street. Of the eleven committeemen five were piesent. These were: Gen. A. J. Warner, president, Ohio; H. F. Uartlne, secretary, Illinois: Joseph Shelden, Connecticut; O. W. Under wood, Alabama, and C. A. Towne. Min- i nesota. Those absent were: R, C, t -Nebraska, and L. M. Rumsey, Missouri. The first session of the committee was called to order by President War ner at 2:30 o'clock. There was a gen- i erai discussion of the situation, and a j careful consideration ot the work to bit uone l0 mr. tne cnanged conditions, ' " was determined to provide literature j which would meet the somewhat new 1 contentions of the supporters of the ! GaSe system of currency. The report oC the Indianapolis Monetary Coinmis- l slon waa tuscusseti. it was resoivertjto press the work of education, and it was determined that a full and exhaustive reply should be made to the report ot tne Indianapolis Monetary Commission. Tne precise form in which this replj reDls shall appear was not settled on, but it was clear that a reply, full in every particular, will be given to the country soon. Gen. Warner tendered his resigna tion as president of the union. He ex-t i , wOMn"n if ---.,- .i,,i--. i whI,e President Warner Should take,-; It was the sense of the meeting that needed rest, the- other ofllcers and t m.i., t ...r ..,,i -t, - te harder. Gen. Warner stated had his resigna iion been accepted he would not have abated one jot or tittle of the reform ieal that burns within him. It was decided to enlarge the execu tive committee so fiat it --hall c-nsist of one member from each State, Terri tory an I the District of Columbia Sev eral of the new members of the com mittee were named. H. F. Bartine, the National Bimetallism who repre sented Illinois at thrr meeting, but who has transferred his residence to Wash ington,, was appointed to reprise it th6 District of Columbia. Charles W. Lane, of California, who was chairman of tn '9G convention of the National Silve. Party at St. Louis, and w'i-j was pres ent yesterday, was chosen as the rey- , ,.-,., -.. Af rj.iifnrr.ia. Hon. J. R. Ron,an.s, of Iowa, was appointed from . that Stat and Hon Jame3 R Minager was chosen to represent est irgimsK W. R. Scott was appointed assistant secretary. A considerable part of the meeting was open, and a number of th friends of reform, not members of the commit tee joined in the general interchange at opinion as to plans and prosp ct. The night session of the committee convened at S o'clock. It was an exec utive session, and it was .HaiumnMad that there was nothing transarte-I cf ,7 rranT Pb: cation. THE WHITE HOUSE RECEPTION. The Memorandn a to tlio Final Detail, for the Function. The White House will be closed to tiic, general public today owing to the ar rangements now in progress for the re ception which is to be held there tonight The preparations are very elaborate- The East Room was yesterday a perfect wilder ncss of potted plant", stored there for dis position today nmoug the other rooms of the .Mansion. The list of invitations has been completed. It was Mated lasf" nlgHt that it Is possible that some will .not by the northeast gate. redestrlans wiH follow the same route. Guets will wti be admitted to the grounds until 9 o'clock, excepting the diplomatic corps, the wetn tvr or which will enter by the soiiilwc& gate, at 7:45. "Two carriage- only will Sic permitted to drive under the north portico at the same tircte. Coachmen will l prorMed trUh mimbTcd tickets, which must be pnr-.-rveit- bj them in order to regain ad mittance to the grouude. Guest will also be provided with tfvketsofth--a tiieHWMher as their carriages. These should ho. cac.f- mily preyed iii order to call tkWr , carriages. . "It will prevent roufo-ion and delay ir Invitwl giieM! who are not weH known '-- "w'i-"' ' i--i- " - their Card-. Entrance will b- by tke hwiu front door; departure ovt lK bridge eat of tiic- north portico. "After leaving cloaks m tb main ircsti buie guet- are rpqu"ted to pass tbfutlsh (he private dining room into tlh state i dining room a far as potiMe. Owing, to lack of space it has been impossible t i I)rovia-c separate- (Irossmg romsfoe Jmlie. Tllsir wrap should be left with these ef ( u,eir ocortsin the snain vestibule." . All of the other arrangements- ttnr&'ftesiii j ptiMrMiertalreailyin The Times. - Dr. Stafford on Itfuiilct- On Sunday evening Itev.Pr. StafffiriPwill lecture at the Columbia Theater foe tlte benefit of Carroll Institute, taking for hie t theme that greatest of Sjliukespeare's. sub- Jm ..iramlett.. ror the Interpretation of wlilcli he is so well qualified. After heiir ing hr. S taf ford one has a het tr understand ing of it, and as he read" the linos with great unction and fervor It is at the same time an artistic treat aud a literary -tudA'. Already the s-ale of seats asuros a very large Ioum?. Truth. (From the, Rotou Journal. "A mouth after the Hawaiian treaty in ratified," say Senator Lodge, "the whole country will be wondering why arty objec tion was rai.-cd to it." This i perfectly true. 20 PER CENT OFF POCO Vr7 Uiw nil hJViari I I -nrlf.d for -nfinlncr- LjinrKAS. , y fj s!ock , rr,me 4 ,,..,,,:., T pertaining fo Ibe art. we do printing and mounting quickly andwdl. Our rates are low. If you -wish advice consult vsi S we give it willingly. McAllister & Feast, Opticians, "J3U" F StN.W.