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.vw- vW Generally fair; slightly warmer; easterly . to southeasterly -winds. Circulation yesterday, 39,204 XO. 1,394 WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY ONE CENT. - jr fJSJJgBnHiiiiniil 1 1 1 li ft ffewfgmiiliirtWaiiaW irawrmg- ; IntpgyA 10, 1898. 9 t : o Qrover Cleveland, 1 Bgnjarrnn Harrison, Garret A, Hobarf, geyT. De Witt Taf mage, Russell A. Alger, John Wanarrsaker, Are a few of the famous nien insured in the OF &EW YORK. Does not this tell the story in a few words ? They are insured in the MANHAT TAN because they know it to be Strong', Well Managed, Liberal arid-Fair. Why not show your good sense by taking a policy ? DE LOME TO BE DISMISSED His Immediate Recall Demanded by the Sfaie PRECISE INSTRUCTIONS CABLED1 TO HAD the State Department believes Minister Woodford will cable the fact. It ivas understood last night from the best authority that if the Spanish min ister is not recalled by his government he will be furnished his passports. Mr. Dupuy de Lome ten word to a Times reporter, who called to see him last night, that he was engaged and would be engaged all the evening-. n.VS DE r.OJJE KESIG.VKD? The Spanish Minister s Refusal to Deny flic. Canalejas 'Letter Leads to Drastic Action- Reply Will ite Received From General Woodford Today. The Manhattan offers greater induce ments io its policy holders than any other company. Its policies are free from all annoying restrictions and tech" nicalities. 1 y GENERAL MANAGER, G STREET H O 44644-4$e4ee$0-e SK HIH TO STOP THE WAR i Bankers and Merchants Memo rialize McKinley. THE GREAT LOSS TO TRADE They Suy That if the Cuban Sti liable. Continues Wo "Will Loc One- Hun dred Million Dollars Annually, and the Island Will He Destioyed An Impoitnut Expression. A memorial by New York bankers and merchant:, asking President Mc Kinley to take steps to end the war in Cuba was presented to the Pi evi dent yesterday, and later placed on file at the State Department. It is feigned by many banking and commercial firms of the highest financial standing in New Yoik, and is considered to be one Zola the liry a ml t. 1-ltllf Let cv 12xe;imlil F fer; Paiis 4 in tion is divided as to the right 3r w:onr. The natuiai jjAe far things mihtaty leads tup IVmscii ieopi; ;? i .. a ionit- uliat picjudiced a..v o: u:c uite. Yes-HMxiay ZuLi was hi .? v c being Ijnched i-.y tne laublt, i u.e l.eKlt mindCvl i'aris.ans a.. i..u.:t to, tain lound and make a denii-qro I of him to day. The trial is conceded by eveijone to le a peifect farce, and the real ins and outs ot" thexate will probably not come to liKht. The govomment h too deeply inter red injteeping- the affair dark to allow more vmn absolutely necessarv to leak out at tliis tiial. The great pioyIuts do lousiness dif Serently. They court the strictest in auiry Into their methods. They rell cheaper than anyone in town, and give credit nt the same time. This is no fairy tale; It Is being- demonptiated every day, and 'the wider it is known the bet ter they aie pleased, for thev wish to eip the people. of the most serious expressions of pub lic feeling that has been made In this country with regard to Cuban affairs. It is likely to make a profound im pression upon the President under the present circumstances. August Belmont & Co., Lawrence Turnure & Co. and other New York bankers of the same standing have signed he document. The majority uere also the signers of an appeal to the President to intervene in behaif, of peace for Cuba which was prescSted to Secretary Sherman in May, 1S97." In their former petition the signers reviewed the financial situation in Cu ba from February, 1S95, to June last year. They chiefly dealt with the great loss to American trade due to the ter rible war in the island. They said that prior to 1S95 the imports from Cuba av eraged $73,000,000 a year.and the exports 525,000,000. In 1S9C they declared that these figures had dwindled to $30,000,000 imports and $7,000,000 exports. In elo quent woids the signers described the awful state of devastation in -which the war had already plunged Cuba in 1S0C. Tne signers did not then suggest what steps the American Government should take to accomplish this end. They only said "that there was but one remedy for the evil, and that was peace for Cuba. The second petition is far more im poitant than the first one. It also em anated from New York, and in addition to the signatures which were attached to the earlier petition, it has many others, representing the highest circles in finance and commerce. As 1S07 has passed without any effective remedv- having been applied for putting an end to the war of devastation, the second petition was drawn up and signed by all the leading libuses whose interests aie so injuriously affected by the pres ent state of affairs. The document says that, besides the huge interests the signers represent in this country, they are all Ameilcan citi zans. They estimate that the loss to American trade in the three years of I the war now amounts to the enormous sum of 5300,000,000, which is a conserva tive fisure. They illustrate with bta-r-wtt Tho nwii. I l"fcUc'u' drawn from tho most reliable "'W'hcr i In il in J ftk'!aI sourcPS tI,e sreat devastation I . w.,. i.-iu.m ami ucuiuit; mat it tne war continues. T,ot only this counlrv will lose about $100,000,000 a year, but Cuba will be destroyed. As In the peti tion of 1S97, not a word of International or Ameilcan politics is to be found in the document Neither do the pollti c.ans .suggest to the Administration how peace is to be restored in Cuba by the American Government. The signers know that the end of the Avar is the only remedy for existing: evils and they ask Pi evident ifcKinley to tp it. PIS GREATLY EXCITED Sole Topic versation. of Con- Dupuy de Lome has practically ac knowledged the authorship of a letter which shows him to be a tiickster in political and a blackguaul in private life a letter attacking the President of the country to wlifch he is accredited, and inviting co-operation in perpetrat ing a fraud upon it by entering into a commercial treaty without the Inten tion or expectation of keeping faith. The letter was written last Januaiy, since which time, smug and hypociiti cal. lie has not only been entertained at the table of the man he slandered, but has professed profound repect and ad miration foi the American Pres'dent. In the face of all this Judge Day, de facto head of the State Department, ave out for publication last night the following: "Minister Dupuy de Lome does not deny the letter. This department has communicated with Gen. "Woodford on the subject. Until that communication reaches the Spanish government it would not be proper to more fully state the contents of the message to Minis ter Woodford." Tlie foregoing may mean that, sting ing under the insult, this Government lias notified Spain that it will no longer recognize Dupuy de Lome, and that he will be given his passports. But the consensus of opinion is that it means nothing of the kind. If De Lome's dismissal without the oppor tunity of gracefully retiring in responsu to a letter of recall had been deter mined upon, the fellow would have had his passports served to him last night with his supper. The statement of Judge Day probably implies that De Lome will be recalled by his own government. His refusal to deny that he wrote the obnoxious letter leaves Spain no alternative of couise but to comply with America's demand. Thus, instead of being kicked out of office and drummed out of the country, as he richly deserves to be, De Lome will quit with far more conventional credit than Loid Sackville did in 1SSS. And yet the English plenipotentiary was at the worst indiscreet, while the Spaniard adds to the crime of duplicity the vice of vulgaiity. Yehtei day V. Developments. There has been no previous day since the beginning of the present Adminis tration when there has been so much excitement at the "White House and the State Department as there was at those two places yesterday. The morn ing papers had informed the President before breakfast of the abusive letter Dupuy de Lome had written, and it was with considerable impatience that he waited for the hour when Judge Day usually enters the State Department. The Assistant Secretary of State had also read the letter and it had the ef- dent and Judge Day eonfeired, the lat ter took from a pocket a number of letters that had been written by Dupuy de Lome and lie and the President careftily compared the handwriting with that shown in a copy of the Can alejas communication. The President nd Judge Day became satisfied after the comparison of the chiiography and 'a study of the con struction of the photographed letter that there was n&troom for doubt as to the author of tne abusive lot tor nnrl agreed that it had unquestionably been written by the Spanish Minister. When these conclusions had been reached Mr. McKinley directed Judge Day to communicate with Minister Du puy de Lome and to place the subject before him, requesting that the Min ister should avail himself of the op portunity afforded to deny the author ship of the letterjtoro make whatever explanations proper relative to it. Judge Day returned to the State De partment and immediately t-ent a note by a messenger to Mr. Dupuy de Lome. During the afternoon a reply was re ceived f i om tlie Spanish minister. The document was diplomatically worded , Heport Tlint Ho Cabled His Inten tions YeMetday. Accoiding to information which comes- from a source usually so accu rate that there is no reaton to doubt its ed, he had manifested his dislllce of all things American In many ways, and his recent actions lend more than an ordi nary color o truth to what misfct oth erwise be considered an idle rumor. While Russia has been considered bj many persons as a friend of America, as a matter o actual fact no test has ever been placed upon the friendship, and the recent love feasts between the czar and the kaiser may have been more than a mere mutual admiration society function would demand. The fact that an exchange of international courtesies lias taken place between Russia and America lately In the shape of the promotion of the respective min isters of the two countries to the rank of ambassador by no means proves that the alleged alliance between Russia. Germany and Spain is impossible. Such acts of courtesy have, since the time THEY AGTJJKE (MIMICS Lawyers and Officers Fight at M. Zola's Trial. A RIOT IN THE COURTROOM tfO JUSTICE LT THE COURTS The Trial 1 a J'i'rfwt Traviij- on Justin Wit: b-h's Kelu-e to is- Vt:o i ij iiffdnii Iv l-a.i a Farce Tlie Frank Llbbey & Company, Kith streets and New Yoik avenue. 'stop NO XEWS FHOM MADRID. Z'ress Censor Has Probably Pre vented. Its- Traiihmission. No press dispatches were received from Madrid last night The Spanish government has probably suppressed the news from that capital. If you change your mind after buy ing money refunded cheerfully. feet of hastening him to his otlice. When he arrived there he found a communication from the President, which he hastily read, and immme diately sent for Mr. Adee, the Second Assistant Secretary of State. The two officials consulted together for a long time, during which Mr. Adee explained to Judge Day the proceedings in the cases of Sackville-West, minister from Great Britain, and Mr. Thurston, min ister from Hawaii, each of whom had made himself persona non grata to this Government. Mr. Adee is tlie diplo matic expert at the State Department. He has been connected with it a quar ter of a century, always filling impor tant diplomatic positions, and he is considered a complete encyclopedia of information in respect to diplomatic questions of all characters. When Judge Day was placed in pos session of all the information he re quired he went Immediately to the White House, and orders were given by the President that he was not to be in terrupted by anyone. These instructions were, of couise, carried out to the letter, to the regret of a large number of Senators, Rep resentatives and office-seekers, who de sired to see Mr. McKinley on public and private- business. Conference With the President. The conference by the President and Judge Day lasted considerably more than an hour, -and during it Secretary sorter was twice sent for to receive some instructions. While the Presi- IlandMjniesfc flue Quality S3 hat We've Shown yet. Auerbnch's. 623 Pa. are! Everything we sqll jruarnnteed; money refunded without dclav. and constructed, but divested of all diplomacy it did nbL contain any denial that Mr. Dupuy de Lome wrote the obnoxious letter. The reply of the Spanish ministerwas submitted to the President, and with a show of indig nation seldom seen in him. he instantly directed Judge Day to cable the facts to Gen. Stewart L. Woodford, with in structions to at once submit the matter to the Spanish authorities. The contents of tlie message has not been made known, but enough has been ascertained about it to make it prac tically certain that Gen. Woodford's instructions were to inform the Spanish government that Mr. Dupuy de Lome is persona non grata, and that the Pres ident desires his recall immediately. o lleply From Madrid. Last night at a late hour it was said at the White House that no reply had been received from Minister Woodford, and that the cablegram expected from him would be sent to the State De partment direct, for the President bad left the whole matter with the depart ment. One of the reasons alleged for this was that inasmuch as the President had been made the object of attack in the Spanish Minister's letter, h-e thought it would be more proper for him not to appear further in the corre spondence i elating to the affair, and that the State Department should have full charge of It. It was not denied at the White House that, although the reply from Mr. Woodford would go to the State De partment, yet a duplicate copy of it might be sent to the White House. The President indicated that he did not ex pect any information from Spain before morning by retiring for the night at about 11 o'clock. Judge Day said at a late hour that he had not received any communication from Gen. Woodford, and that the hour had become so latelie did not expect to hear from him before morning. An attache of the department said later that it was jiot at all probable that if a dispatch from Minister Wood ford should ariive, late in the night that it would be opened. He added that there could be nothing in the expected reply that woufd hp urgent enough to cause a translate,, to be sent for at such a late hour. j!t takes one of the State Department experts two hours to translate a cipliTlfj dispatch of 300 words. 'f Judge Day expdts a reply from Min ister Woodford before noon to-day, but aeiay may ue occasioned by the Span ish premier, whoyifght as,k for a suffi cient time toenab& him to confer with the members of'the cabinet, and should this course be imrsued an answer from Spain may not be received at all to day, but should this delay take place , .ft?'!-' ' Ilib Wk WW itiStA ssWSRSCTwr :i 7W&&8ZI I I Jfe4ftcpi3acr4J7ia: 5R?r"f .si jt? f ifA j5Tr-t -' 5V X V Ctfa 3 IgSSS&Sfeg'': T ,Vlh, 3ENOR DUPUY DE LOME. The Government'- Policy to Sup press the Truth Starts tho Trouble anil tlieStiiiVKllnfrMusNls Driven Into the Stieet at the Point o Rayonets. authenticity, "Enrique Dupuy de Lome, minister plenipotentiary and envoy ex traordinary from the government of Spain to -the Government of the United States, has tendered his resignation to bis home sovernment and has notified the State Department to that effect. This is said to be the reason Assist ant Secretary Day declined to make public last night the contents of the dispatch to Minister Woodford before it had reached the Spanish government. The State Department, it is believed, simply notified Spain that it had re ceived information from Minister de had reached the Spanish government, had received some hours before. It was said last night that Immediately after the receipt of the note from the State Department calling upon him for an explanation with respect to the letter in The Times yesterday morning Min ister de Lome replied, refraining from denying the authenticity of the letter and also informing the department that he had resigned and had cabled his government to that effect. De Lome declined last evening to ad mit that this was true, and the depart ment, therefore, refused to confirm or deny the story. Still, it is believed that the Spanish minister, understand ing very well the penalty of the dis covery of the Canalejas letter, prompt ly cabled his resignation before his home government could issue his re call or the American Government could give him his passports. To-day's ca bles, from Madrid will, beyond doubt, show that last night's leport is well founded, and that the official life of the present Spanish minister, so far as this country is concerned, is at an end. There was a small army of correspond ents besieging the residence of Senor de Lome last night, but he refus-ed to see any person. He was not "at home," although the lights in his drawing room were brightly burning. The usefulness of Minister de Lome Is at an end. Who will succeed him is a matter that is already a subject for speculation. Many believe the present government of Spain will send Senor Muragua, who belongs to the Liberal party, and who was the immediate predecessor of de Lome. Senor Mura gua is a man of experience in public affairs, and who served his country long and faithfully. He was a particu lar friend of Mr. Blaine. of Richelieu and Mazarin. been often used to cloak schemes both underhand ed and treacherous. One thing which causes doubt of the truth of the rumor to exist inthe minds of statesmen and diplomats is the fact that Russia has ever had a w holesome respect for the power and might of America. The fact that In 177C and 1S12-14 this people taught .Britain les sons she has never forgotten has made Rushia careful, in a sense, in any and all dealings she has had with America. The possibility remains, however, that the czar has conceived the idea that by an alliance with Germany and Spain he can numinate America, a nation which presents such a direct contrast to his own people. The situation in Europe is Mich that it is admitted by all representatives of foreign powers in this city that a mere spark would set the whole continent ablaze, and cable messages were Hash ing back and forth between diplomats j anu tneir governments all of last night. The critical condition of affairs in the East, too, is adding to the gravity of the .situation, and it is safe to say that more than one diplomatic pillow- re mained untouched in Washington last night. SKXOIt .IOs-K CAXAI.K.7AS. Ts IMitor of Ki Hernldo and a Liberal ill Polities. Senor Jose Canalejas, editor of El Ileialdo. the ieading Liberal paper of Madiid, and the pergonal oigan of Pre mier Sagasta, returned to Spain about six weeks ago. after an extended tour of the United States and Cuba. He made the visit ostensibly as the editor of El Heraldo to familiarize him self with the condition? existing in Cuba. It was w-ell known, however, that his real mission was that of a personal rep lesentative of Snrmsfn r,iiiaor, i SPAIN'S ALLEGED ALLIES. Com: coals: Coiiii!: 5.25 per 2,210, delivered, Gay ton stove, egg, and nut. Towliatau Coal Co., 13G8 Cst. mv.; 'phone, 620. or dealorK iwnonii. fel-tf IVY BUSINESS COILEGE-ath andK. None better: S25 a yeai; day or nighc. i,?.!ir ?? n?v "wine Derbv. cleverest and besc yet, aerpach. .p23 Pa. ave. The Weather Generally fair; nightly warmer. Uussin and Germany Siild to Have Offer cd to Assist Her. Incredible as it may seem, a report was current in diplomatic circles last evening to the effect that Russia and Germany have both intimatpd to Sa gasta that any step taken by the Span ish government in the American-Cuban difficulty would receive the unqualified support of both the czar and the. kaiser. It will be remembered that about two months ago cable messages from re sponsible newspaper correspondents in Europe told of the hostile attitude of the hot-headed kaiser toward the American government, and also of se cret negotiations between Germany and Spain. The kaiser's inclinations have been forcibly and unmistakably made known since then by the embargo plac ed upon American fruit and the dis crimination against American horse?. Even before these two ipsues were rals- at Get 25c collars now- for 12 1-2c' Joseph Auerbach's. 623 Pa. Ave. "Bright heart boards even thick ness-one lcisch. The finest Si ner 100 ft: esemative ot Sagasta. Canalslna is pergonal friend of Sagasta and a s-trong supporter of the Liberal cabinet. He arrived in Washington on November 10 JS97, and conferred with Minister De Lome. Wliile in the United State he met members of the Cuban junta and he made a particular point of studving the sentiment of politicians and the poo pie at huge towaid Spain and the Cu bans. Ho then went to Havana, where he was received by Gen. Blanco with honors. He was allowed to go where he pleased in that part of the island under control of the Spaniards and make i unaiever investigations he chose. He made a close study of the reconcentrados and paciflcos geneially, as well as of tlie military situation. In Havana he wrote several letters which were published in El Heraldo. In Ihese he took a gloomy view of the eq uation, and at the time did not express much confidence of Spain's ultimate tri umph. Of course, he said publicly that Spain must win. and would win, but it was always with an "if" cr a "but." Canalejas is reported to have "re marked while in Havana that unless something surprising happened soon Spain's cause would be lost, and it Is believed that he made the same state ment in private cables and lettei tr Sagasta. He maintained, in his public talks?, that Spain was able to fight, and would fight the United States if neces tuy to prevent the lo,s of Cuba, but he was anxious for the preservation of peace. Senor Canalejas was a former cabinet minister of Spain, and is recognized as one of the leading public men of aradrid today. It is believed that Minister De Lome lecelved oiders to tell Senor Canalejas the exact condition of affairs In this country, and to withhold diplo matic secrets pending negotiations. While Canalejas was in Washington ho rac entertained at a dinner at the Metropolitan Club, Saturday evening. November 12. The dinner attracted considerable attention by leason of the Paris, Feb. 9. The rioting at the sensational trial of M. Zola was today , transferred to the court room itself. The proceedings were not only inter rupted by noise and disorder, but pan demonium reigned. The spectators, lawyers and officers of the court were seized with sudden fury and fought like lunatics. Order was not restored until the whole mase of strugling madmen was driven out at the point of the bayonet. The sole cause of the miserable scene was the repetition of the government's resolve to supnress the truth at all hazards. And proof of the impossi bility of suppressing this great scandal was given when a cabinet minister, who held office at the time Dreyfus was con demned, affirmed the tetter's guilt, but refused his reasons for the statement and then a former associate, who was at the head of the department of jus tice with equal positiveness affirmed Dreyfus's innocence. The president of the court, neverthe less, calmly repeated his refusal to allow the question of Dreyfus's guilt to be reopened, although this is the sole issue underlying this so-called trial. M. Zola makes no secret of his ex pectation that he will be condemned. After the court was called to order, Gen. Gonze was called to the witness stand. He pleaded the privilege of professional secrecy and refused to give the details asked for in regard to certain letters written by him to Col. Picquart. which seem to show that in 1S96 he (Gonze) believed in the innocence of Capt. Dreyfus. Maitre Labori protested hotly against the rights of the defense be ing violated. Gen. Gonze replied that the only rights that had been violated were that he had been outraged by Zoht in his campaign. A wordy battle between counsel and witness then ensued. In the wild scene of uproar wbieli followed their dispute it was asserted that Gen. Gonze struck M. Labori. bt this was contradicted later. The pub lic and the lawyers came to bkws and free fighting, which ended in the court room being cleared. L'pon the resumption of proceedings M. Labori received an ovation. Gen. Gonze protested against the publication in the Aurore today the three letters which he had written to Col. Picquart. Gen. ?.lercler was cmMed to the stand. He knew nothing, he said, of the communication of any secret evidence of the Drej'fus court-martial. The judges had no part in the newspa per's publication of documents connect ed with the case. The committing of such indiscretions must have been due to Capt. Dreyfus's family. M. Labori demanded that Gen. Mer cier be confronted with Mme. Dreyfus. Procurator Von Cassel objected, and a heated argument followed. Gen. Mercier said: "It is false that we communicated any secret docu ments." M. Labori Then the witness refuses to reply respecting the communication of the document? The President And he is quite right. M. Labori insisted upon his question being answered, and Gen. Mercier then said with emphasis: "Since you want my soldler'd word I give it to you. What I can affirm Its that Dres'fus Is a trsltor and was just ly and legally condemned." (Loud cheers.) The court ruled that the questions to be put to Mme. Dreyfus should be lim ited to the Esterhazy affair- M. Tanrieuz, ex-minister of justice, also testified. His testimony was a long and lucid speech recording the de velopment of his conviction respecting the illegality or the Dreyfus court-martial, and the necessity of a revision of his trial. He also affirmed that there was a mere semblance of a hearing: at the Esterhazy court-martial. His speech was frequently interrupted by cries of approval and disapproval. The police today smuggled M. Zola out of the palace of justice through a tide entrance. There was a great crowd in front of the building waiting to re peat yesterday's insults, but the people were disappointed, as they did not se M. Zola when he left. VOX DEH AHE'a'KIDXAPEHS. An Attempt Will Be Made to Appre hend Them. St. Louis. Feb. 0. Chris Von deu Ahe's abduction by a Pittsburg detect ive on Monday night has developed Into a huge sensation. Gov. Stephens says the affair is the strangest incident in his career. He considers Ximick as guilty as Detective Bendel, and declares that if warrants are issued for the culprits he will grant a requisition on tl.e governor of Penn sylvania. To add to Von der Ahe's troubles, his wife this afternoon filed a cross bill in the divorce suit which he re cently instituted. x (Continued on third.) JOlSt a!ld StmlllillO- t,,-l,rll .,! heart. We dou't keen anv black lumber, j CHALLENGED BY A VKTKIIAX. The Hrcckiiirldircs Called Out by Capt. T. E. Moore. Lexington, Kj-., Feb. 3. Desha Breck inridge, editor and manager of the Lex ington Herald, and his father. Col. W. C. P. Breckinridge, who writes Ills son's editoiiak. were challenged to a duel by Capt. T. E. Moore, of Shawhau. Ky in a card published today. Capt. Moore is about seventy years ut age. his right arm is paralyzed from r gunshot wound received while fighting for the Confed eracy, and he is known to be a man ot undaunted courage. China Must Tty XTp at Once. Peklh, Feb. 9. The Japanese minis ter has informed the Tsung Li Yamen that Japan is unable to extend the terms for the payment of the war indemnity. If yon w-int common lumber; only 75c 100 ft. Tins la bricht. too.