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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, July 04, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1898-07-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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Hf --;"?
(Fair 'weather Monday, probably followed by
showers and thunder-storms Monday nightj
cooler; west to northwest winds.
NO. 1,538.
Uiill i iillii k) UjIjIjI uUIili ''JsJsmr JSillllllI
Tries to Escape From Santiago Har
bor and Is Destroyed.
QfScial News of the Armada's Destruction Received by the
Administration and Given Out as a Fourth of July
Offering to the American People.
GertMSra's fleet has been (destroyed.
33i dawn of tfce second greatest Fourth
of Jrtr i Ux history of the United States
revealed He flower of Spain's navy
Etvtr.ti xtong the -iKsach of Santiago har
bor, jrt ajtelese, charred and twtetod iiulks,
aw-fid symbols of the decaying nation
wfcoee flag's they carried acnoss the At
lantic to defeat.
-The ory of how Cervera's fleet met its
doom can only he given in genera! out
line. 'The details are yet to come.
TJie nrst intimation tbat tthe Heet had
lioen destroyed inside the verj- bottle to
v.ch It fled for refuge came to Che Ad
mtafcoxalion late Sunday vrr.en the fol
lowing telegram was received from Col.
Men, chief of the United States Army
signal cottps in Cuba:
"Ptaya del Ee, July 3. Saboney offlce
confirms ihe statement that all Spanish
fleet except one warship destros'od and
bwmiftg on the beach. It was witnessed
by Cajrt. Smith, who told operator. ICo
dout of its correctness.
"Signal Officer."
For several hours official confirmation
of the dispatch was lacking. Then came
Gen. Shafier's last dispatch, wherein he
"Spanish (the word fleet he omitted
here) left harbor this morning and is re
ported practically destroyed."
Farther and more definite intelligence
wae later received, and here is the story
of how Cervera's fleet met destruction as
it 1 now in the hands of the Administra
tion: Before Gen. Shatter's emphatic demand
for surrender had been delivered under
a flag of truce, Santiago realized that it
was defeated, that its fall was but a mat
ter of hours.
Cervera knew this. He anticipated the
end wien, in that first great land battle,
the Rough Riders gave the Spaniards
their first taste of real war in Cuba. Ev
ery Spanish general admitted that the in
vader was an irresistible foe, and an
enemy destined to conquer.
After three days of fighting, more fierce
than fn any war since the Rebellion, the
Smardp were repulsed, driven back and
nntcticaliy defeated but not subdued.
Anticipating the end, one last savage,
desperate maneuver was agreed upon.
Almost simultaneously with Gen. Shat
ter's demand for the surrender of San
tiago Cervera's fleet lifted anchor and
turned its head to the mouth of that
famous harbor, bent upon delivering one
last blow against the one thing American
that might be defeated Sampson's fleet.
Did he but know it, Cervera led his ships
to a premature fate and hundreds of his
men toy death.
From the time the Spanish fleet was last
sighted off in the winding passages of
Santiago harbor until it was driven back
and to suicide for the ships not destroy
ed by Sampson's guns were run ashore
by their commanders little in detail
is known of what actually occurred.
dt Is supposed that Admiral Sampson
was early apprised of Cervera's last
fateful move and forced the harbor to
meet the Spanish warships.
The engagement must have been awful,
splendid. The enemy's fleet was no easy
Oriry one of the Spanish warships
driven "to ignominious refuge within the
harbor several weeks ago succeeded in
oscaplBg to the open sea. The others
wore sunk, destroyed, annihilated.
The battle is supposed to have been
I'lyi.n's Iluttiiivhs Co 11 fire, fctli mid IC.
S& Summer course; day or night ?5.
IVIij- liuj sci'iiiiil frrnile lumlicr
when we'll sell you firt quality at same
price? Libbey & Co.
fought 'just -within the harbor entrance.
Slowly, grimly,, the Spanish fleet re
treated. Annihilation was preferable to
capture or even defeat. At a given sig
nal the Spaniards ran their vessels ashore
and deserted their commands and blew
up their ships. They re now lying in
distorted array along the beach.
The identity of the vessel that escaped
to the open sea is unknown. It is being
pursued by an American warship and will
be captured or destroyed.
This is the story of the passing of Cer
vera's fleet as now in the hands of the
Administration. Further details will be
received today. Additional intelligence is
eagerly awaited.
At 1 o'clock this morning Gen. Corbin
made the following statement to a Times
"In the morning we will give you the
news of the surrender of Santiago. I feel
assured that if the city has not already
surrendered it will do so within a few
In making this statement Gen. Corbin
echoed the belief now prevailing through
out the State, "War and Navy building.
Indeed, so strong was this sentiment last
night, and so confident were the officers
in the various departments, that Santiago
would be a Fourth of July present to us
that it was more than suspected that the
surrender had already taken place and
the news was being suppressed until this
Another point which seemed to justify
this suspicion is the-fact that when Cer
vera beachedjiTind burned his ships that
was the last act before the surrender of
the city, which doubtless followed imme
diately. It is stated unofficially at the depart
ment that this Government notified Spain
that if Cervera deliberately destroyed his
own ships in Santiago harbor Spain would
be held strictly accountable for them.
It IlrinKh Ilclicf as "Well as Grief to
AnxintiK OfliciulN.
The official news received from the
front yesterday, while not entirely satis
factory, came as a welcome relief after
a period of intense anxiety and suspense
.covering nearly thirty-six hours.
It is clearly evident that there was
some grave miscalculation concerning the
strength of the enemy at Santiago, else
an army too weak to capture it would
not have been hurried to the attack.
Little criticism was heard in and around
the various war departments. It is not
considered a time for criticism. But the
Navy Department and the War Depart
ment are co-operating to hasten re-enforcements
to the front, and renewed
energy will characterize future move
ments of preparation.
The arrival of news from Santiago broke
the monotony of Sunday and Government
officials, congressmen and civilians hur
ried through the Ifeated streets toward
the State, War and Navy Departments,
which was as usual the seat of interest.
Carriages of senators and Cabinet offi
cers btood before the White House all
through the day. The President was con
gratulated that the situation was no
worse, and in the same breath urged for
more details of the news from Santiago.
This in A-iew of the fact that a portion of
Gen. Shatter's message has been with
held for reasons of policy.
Any man wearing a uniform was in
stantly seized upon emerging from the
State, War and Navy Departments and
corralled by excited crowds of civilians,
Choice X". C. UooHnir.-'$:J7.50 1,000 ft.;
Everywhere else 517.50 for second grade.
persistent in their demands and requests
for further Information from thefront.
Even Secretary Alger ana Adjt. Gen.
Corbin did not escape thissort of thing.
Between the White House and their de
partment they were both interrupted sev
eral times.
"I'm taxed to support "this war and I
want to know what's going on," vocifer
ated a little fat man more excitable than
the average, after Secretary Alger had
refused to talk to him.
But the Secretary was in too serious
a frame of mind to see the humorous side
of it and passed on w!thoutcomment..
You'll find It to your Interest to
compare quality and prices of our lumber
before placing orders elsewhere.
?irt Heat Fatality.
The first fatality from the intense heat
occurred yesterday?" Stephen Johnson, a
colored man, was found by the police in
an unconscious condition and was taken
to the Emergency Hospital. It was soon
seen that the man had not long to live.
After being given the usual treatment
in severe cases he died at 6 o'clock in the
afternoon. The body was taken to the
morgue at the hospital and the coroner
was notified.
Fourth of .July at ConnrcH Heights.
Band of music in the afternoon in large
oak grove; sack race, bicycle race, race
between man and horse, cake walk at
night -and Spanish -bu11 fight and other
moving pictures. Free 'transfer at Navy
Yard gate.
The vientlifr Liblicy & Co. say
Fair weather Monday;, cooler.
Signal Officer Allen Informs the Administration.
This dispatch was received at the War Department from Lieut.
Col. Allen, of the Signal Corps, after midnight this morning:
"PJaya del Este, July 3. The Spanish fleet destroyed, except one,
and they are close after her. Spanish ran their ships close to shore,
set them on fire, and then they exploded.
"ALLEN, Signal Ofllcer."
Gen. Shatter Believes Santiago Will Immediately Fall.
The following statement was given out at 12:15 o'clock this morning:
Playa del Este, July 3. Gen.Shafter telegraphs:
"Early this morning I sent a demand for the immediate surrender
of Santiago, threatening to bombard the city. I believe the place will
be surrendered."
This contradicts the report that Gen. Shatter has fallen back.
The following dispatch was received at the War Department:
"Playa del Este, July 3. Saboney office confirms statement that all
the Spanish fleet except one warship destroyed and burning on beach.
It was witnessed by Capt. Smith, who told the operator. There is no
doubt of Its correctness.
"ALLEN, Signal Officer."
Gen. Shatter Overlooked the War Board' for a Day.
The following is in responsa to a telegram sent by the Secretary of
War, asking Gen. Shatter why he did not communicate with the War
Department more frequently:
"Playa del Este, Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, July 3. Did not
telegraph, as I was too busy looking after things that had to be at
tended to at once, and did not wish to send any news that was not
fully confirmed. The Spanish fleet left the harbor this morning and is
reported practically destroyed. I demanded surrender of the citv at 10
o'clock today, but at this hour (4:30 p. m.) no reply had been received.
Perfect quiet along the line. Situation has been precarious on account
of difficulties of supplying the command with food and the tremendous
fighting qualities shown by the enemy from his almost impregnable po
sition. "SHAFTER, Major General."
Important Conference at the
White House Last Night.
The Destruction of tlie Famous
Squadron Changes the Entire Sit
uation, and Urines Fresh Encour
agement to the War Leaders Gen.
Milch's Statement.
The great news from Santiago that
Cervera's fleet has been destroyed and
that the surrender of Santiago has been
demanded was ,the cause of a most impor
tant conference at the White House last
It was realized by the Administration
yesterday that the most critical moment
of the war so far has arrived and almost
certainly the most glorious.
Conferences were held at the White
House till day. Last nig"ht wnen the news
was received the chief of the Army and
Navy and nearly ithe entire Cabinet as
sembled. The result of the conference is not yet
fully known. It has been decided, how
ever, to send troops to Santiago imme
diately; also that Gen. Miles will go to
Santiago this week. It is known, too,
that while the situation of Gen. Shatter's
army was until late in the day yesterday
regarded as grave and serious, the news
of last night that Cervera's fleet has been
destroyed has greatly relieved the Presi
dent and his war advisers.
There were at the conference last night
Secretaries Long, and Alger, Gens. Miles.
Corbin and Henry, Assistant Secretary
Allen, of the Navy; Secretary Day, Pet
master General Smith, Vice President Ho
bart and Senator Hanna.
Secretaries Alger and Long came first
with Gen. Corbin. Gen. Miles came later,
bringing the latest advices from San
tiago. The conference, when it met, was a
very gloomy one. When it ended there
was a much better feeling.
Gen. Miles and Gen. Henry remained
Short pieces of joint and HtuiUUnir,
5, 6, 7 and 8 feet 'long, only 1c foot.
with the President for some time after
the others had gone. When they left
Gen. Miles said to a reporter for The
"I will leave for Santiago within a few
days. I v.m leave Washington by Tues
day. Troops are to be sent to Santiago
immediately. Gen. Henry will leave
Camp Alger tomorrow vith a force. Other
forces are to leave Tampa as soon as
"The situation in Santiago has im
proved. We have received encouraging
information. I believe Pando is at San
tiago or near there, without any doubt.
It seems probable, however, that Law
ton now will be able to hold EI Caney."
This states the situation and tells what
was done at the conference, though only
in a general way.
Gen. Miles carried to the conference
with him the news of Cervera's destruc
tion. It was this news that he spoke of
in his interview. It was this news that
"improved the situation."
The troops to be sent as re-enforcemants
to Gen. Shatter arc not officially an
nounced. It was stated by a high au
thority last night, however, that the two
remaining brigades of Gen. Henry's di
vision will leave Camp Alger immediatelv
and that one or two brigades will leave
Hong Kong, July 3. The first expedition
to Manila has arrived at that citv.
Toole Lmiiinuiim by Mlstnlce.
Mamie Peters, a young colored woman,
took a dose of laudanum by mistake yes
terday afternoon and for a time it was
thought that serious results would en
sue. The girl was taken to the Eastern
Dispensary, corner of Delaware Avenue
and B Street northeast, and an antidote
administered. At a late hour last night
she was resting easily and was consider
ed out of danger.
District Troops in Cuba at CcngrreaK
HeiKhtH the Fourth.
By request the cinemetograph at Con
gress Heights will give on the Fourth and
every night this week a representation of
troops in battle at Santiago.
July 4th nt liny IlldKC.
Spend the Fourth at this cool, delight
ful place. Trains leave B. & O. depot on
this date for Bay Ridge at 9:30 a. m., 1:30
and 4:30 p. m. 50 cents for the round trip.
Children half fare. j2-3t
Iteht carpenters like bes-t lumber.
That's the reason they buy of tis.
y" Circulation Yesfefday, 21,000
Daily average Iastveek, DD5U7O
Graphic Description of the Fight
at Santiago.
They Calmly Advance in Face of
a Yvilkeriiig Fire.
The Enemy Succumbs Under Dln
tretxir.g Conditions A Veritable
IIosf-1'en of Huteherj Numerous
Flnsrs of Truce Wuvinic American
Grit Forcibly Displumed and Re
uU Indicate Our Invincibility.
New Tork, July 3. W. R. Hearst, editor
of the Journal, sends the following dis
patch to his paper:
"With -Shifter's- army,-July 2 va King
ston, Jamaica, July 3. Tonight, as I
write this, ambulance trains are bring
ing wounded soldiers from the battle
around the Httte intend village of El
Caney. Saboney, the army's base. Is a
hospital; nothing more.
"There is no saying where it will all
cease. The tents are crowded with
wounded men and surgeons are busy with
their mechanical work. There is an
odor of anesthetics in the air and the
clatter of ambulances Is continual in the
one narrow street, under the fierce fight
ing of the anfllerj'r which it was scarce
ly supposed the Spaniards had in store
for us.
"The American infantry and dismount
ed cavalry have done their work. I have
been at the artillery positions all day to
see what our guns could or could not do.
There is no question to be raised of the
skill or courage of the American gunners.
Their work was as nearly perfect as
gunnery gtts to be, but there was no ar
tillery to speak of.
"I set out before daybreak this morning
on horseback with Honore Lnlne, who Is
a colonel in the Cuban army and has
served for morfths as correspondent in
Cuba. We rode over eigai mites of the
difficult eountry which .ntervenes between,
our army base on the coast and the Mne
which is being driven forward toward
Santiago. We arrived at the front on the
ridge of Los Pazo, where our b&tteries
were assailing the advance line of the
Santiago defenses.
The Position ill-Chosen.
"Los Pazo. the position cnosen for our
firing, was HI chosen. The Spaniards had
formerly occupied it as a. fort and they
knew precisely the distance to it from
their guns and began their fight with the
advantage of a perfeet knewiodge- of the
"Their first shell scattered shrapnel in
a very unpleasant way all over the tHo
roof of a white house, whose doors we
were approaching and later, when we
came to take lunch, we found that a
shrapnel ball had passed clean through
one of our cans of pressed beef which our
pack mule was carrying.
"We 'turned here to the right toward
our battery on the ridge. When we were
half way between the white house and
the battery, the second shell which tho
Spaniards fired burst above the Ameriean
battery three feet over the heads of our
men. Six of our fellows were killed by
this shot "and sixteen were wounded. The
men in the battery wavered for a min
ute, then returned to their guns and tho
firing went on.
"We passed from there to the right
again, where Gen. Shafier's war balloon
was ascending. Six shells fell in thi3
vicinity, then our battery ceased firing,
as the smoke clouds from our guns wera
forming an altogether too plain target
Common boards only !?S.r0 l.OOO
feet. "Special delivery" for Camp Alger.
LSbbey & Co., Lumber, etc., Gth & X.Y. avr

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