OCR Interpretation


The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, August 07, 1898, PART 2, Image 13

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1898-08-07/ed-1/seq-13/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 13

"
j p&mr
Qutte
WASHINGTOl . SUNDAY. AUGUST 7, 1898.
mt
' Pases D-Eofl .
. . .
"I
ATI ftL El T
""" w V..QW..V
a
ft
ft
ft
ft
fins: the
At Hahn's
3 Stores.
have a great many Shoes to dispose of,
so as to make room for the mechanics. If you are inclined
to economy come in early this week it will pay you to buy
3 or 4 pairs of Shoes for each member of the family at the
special prices we are quoting for tomorrow and Tuesday:
1 flft P?r JjsfMi? Finest
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
Chocolate Kid, Velt or Turn & i
Sole, Laced and Button Iloois, 4
Hejnilar 3 ami iaJ snocs.
MOXDAY AXD TUESDAY...
Ladies JG-inch Black
And Brown, Xobby and Cool
Cloth Top, Finest Viti
Kid Foxed Cjele Bcots.
Regular $S Shoes.
JIOXDAY AXD TUESDAY...
600 Tairs Ladies' Tan
Kid Oak-Sole Oxford Ties.
200 Pairs of those Cool
Orah Linen Oxfords.
Becnlar $1.50 and $1.75.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY...
Ladies' Hand-Sewed Turn
Donirola Patent Tip Sandals
Also Splendid Vici Kid
Patent Tipped Oxford Tics
BcCTilar SL25 Shoes.
ft
ft
MONDAY AND TUESDAY.
IDIll'S YEAH OF TERROR
A Brief History of the Famous
Indian Mutiny.
CAUSE OF THE REBELLION
Tlie Seiiojn Told That tlie Cartridge
Tliey Munt Hlte Were Grcaned
"With tlie Fat of Cfr mid Si vine.
Women and Children Iliithlensly
Jlnrdered and Itlutilatcil.
In its review of the latest edition of
2Ir. Holmes' "History of the Indian Mu
tiny" and Mr. Sherer's volume on the
same subject, the New York Tribune
compiles these facts:
One of the most tragic occurrences of
this century was the Indian Mutiny of
1S57, and its history, however often re
counted, never fails to rouse fresh Inter
est. . Veterans who fought through the
desperate struggle, women who endured
the' "miseries of the siege of Lucknow,
continue to send forth their reminis
cences of that terrible time; and contro
versies In regard to the part borne by
more or less distinguished soldiers still
rage -violently at intervals. These con
troversies do not particularly appeal to
American readers; but every drop of
kindred blood in our veins thrills over
the Mutiny's splendid record of daring
deeds and self-sacriticing devotion.
"One day in January, 1K7, a Lascar, at
tached to the magazine at Dum-Dum,
near Calcutta, asked a Sepoy of the gar
rison to give him a drink of water from
his lotah (a brass drinking vessel). Net
tled by the haughty reply that the ves
sel would be contaminated by the lips of
a tow-caste man, the Lascar retorted
that the Sepoy would soon be deprived
of his caste altogether; for the govern
ment was busy manufacturing cartridges
greated with the fat of cows or swine,
aad the Sepoys would have to bite the
forbidden substance before loading.
"It Is hard to convey to the mind of an
English reader an adequate Idea of the
fore of the shock beneath which the Im
agination of that Brahman must have
reeled when he heard these words. It
wa all true, then, he must have felt,
Thtj. government was really bent upon
ruffling him. It had devised an expedient
wfttofi, under the specious pretext of put
ting better weapon into his hands, was
to destroy his caste, his honor, his social
position, everything that made life worth
hayjng, and to pave the way for his per
version to Christianity. It must be re
membered that not faith, not righteous
ness, but ritual was the essence of his re
H&ijgn. For him to be told thai he was
to touch with his lips the fat of the cow
wj& as appalling as It would have been
to a .mediaeval Catholic to listen to tlie
eentonee of excommunication." This was
the 'match that fired rebellion. Mr.
Holmes says It was all a delusion, but
his" explanation is brief and unsatisfac
tory, ThV taunt of the Lascar flew all over
Indie. "The agitators who were preach
ing sedition in secret," says Mr. Holmes,
"haHed the story with delight, and as
they retailed It to their disciples, clothed
it wlih new terrors. The Brahmans of
the,Dharma Sabha. a religious institu
tion in Calcutta, turned it to account for
theexclteraent of the caste prejudices of
the Hindoo population. The agents of
theTvIng of Oudh used It to increase the
odium of those who had deprived him of
his throne. It was by such means hat
the crowning professional grievance of
the Sepoys was twisted Into a grievance
affecting their co-religionists of every
condition." The mutiny among these Se
poys broke out In one garrison after another-and
once started, the fear of pun
ishment, which these well-trained sol
diers k'new was Inevitable, added fuel to
the flame. The political ambition and
fanaticism of the Mohameians were
roused; and the native princes who, for
reasons ood or bad, had become dis
affected, thought they saw a chance to
regain their ancient Irresponsible power.
It took a year for the government to
entirely crush the rebellion, and it was
not until the end of 1839 that the stray
bands Of marauders and robbers who had
seized the opportunity to ravage were
finally punished and quieted.
The story of the siege of Caunpore Is
Jl
M 930932 Seventh St I9I4-19I5
ft
Next 2
Bays,
w
Our new Annex is being rapidh'
pushed to completion and veo' soon
we shall have to give up half our
shelving: to the builders. We still
w
w
w
w
Men's Crash Linen, Best
Quality Hand-sewed
Laced, and Oxford Ties.
Cool and Durable.
1 tegular ?3 50 Shoes.
MONDAY AXD TUESDAY.
Men's and Boys' Brown
Vici Kid Hand and
Machine Sowed, Nobby
Laced Shoes.
Itepularlr &2.M and ?3.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY.
250 Pairs Boys'
Very Scnicejble Tan
Ku-ia-fmish leather
Laced Shoes,
llepular $1.50 Values.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY.
Men's and Bos Tennis Shoes,
Bljck, Brown" and Oray,
Good Luther Insoles,
And Best Ilubber Outer Soles,
Uepular ?1 Values.
MONDAY AND TUESDAY
?r kcuauxu a-j
SHOE HOUSES,
Pa. Ave. 233 Pa. Ave. S. E. ito
Ws
k&
one to make the heart swell, not only
with pity, but with pride, in the Anglo
Saxon strain that breeds women brave as
well as gentle. Toward the fatal end of
the siege those who survived might well
envy the happy ones who had sunk under
suffering. "The destruction of the bar
rack," says Mr. Holmts, "had robbed
them even of the wretched shelter which
they had had before, and now their only
resting-place was the hard earth, their
only protection the crumbling mud wall
beneath which they lay. They were be
grimed with dirt, their dresses were in
rags, their cheeks were pinched and hag
gard, and their brows plowed with fur
rows. There were some even who, while
stunned by horrid sounds and sickened
by foul or ghastly sights, had to suffer
the pains of labor, and give birth to in
fants for whose future they could not
dare to hope. A skillful pen might de
scribe the acuteness of their bodily suf
ferings, but who can Imagine the Inten
sity of their mental tortures? They
lacked the grim consolation of fighting an
unyielding battle agalns. desperate odds,
which may even then have sustained the
heart of the soldier. Yet they never de
spaired. They gave the artillerymen their
stockings for grape-cases; thev handed
round ammunition to the infantry, ana
they cheered all alike by their uncom
plaining spirit, and their tender, gracious
kindness.
"The return which the men made for
their devotion was the most acceptable
service that they could have performed.
They saw little children around them dy
ing of thirst, and they resolved to re'Ieve
them. There was only one well within
the intrenehment, and to reach It they
had to pass over Jhe most exposed part
of the position. But they could not bear
to hear the children's piteous cries, and
at the cost of many heroic lives the labor
of love was performed."
Alas! that so much that was noble went
down to so fearful a death! Mr. Sherer,
after the recapture of Caunpore, was
among the first to visit the Beebeeghur,
where all these defenseless women and
children were butchered by the natives.
Over the pavement, thickly caked with
blood and strewn with such sad relics as
locks of hair, some little shoes and straw
hats, he passed down Into the garden
to the narrow well, where most of the
victims were thrown by the assassins.
There "at no great depth was a ghastly
tangle of naked limbs." The magistrate
heard a cry of pain, and turned to see the
burly English trooper beside him almost
crouching with a sickening anguish. No
wonder that the troops who gazed upon
that sight had little mercy upon the
mutineers afterward.
A BOTJDEB EXPLOSION".
Only Tivo Men Out of Eiht Hun
dred Injnred.
Muncle, Ind., Aug. G. A boiler explo
sion occurred at the Indiana Iron Works
yesterday, while S00 men were at work
In the building. Only two were injured,
however.
Albert R. Knapp was dangerously
burned and cut about the head. Thomas
Jones, a puddler, was injured Internally.
Ope of the boilers was blown a dis.ance
of 503 feet.
THE WATEE "WAS NOT DEEP.
Zngrley Dives From a. Pile at Asbnrj
and Is Paralyzed.
Ashury Park, N. J., (Aug. 6. John Zas
ley, who came In on the Cork's excursion
today, was rendered -unconscious this
morning by diving from the top of the old
pier, "between Asbury Park and Ocean
Grove, thinking the water .was deep. He
struck his head in tihe sand and was
paralyzed. Doctors could do him little
good.
Joseph H. Walsh, an Albany lawyer and
private secretory to Postmaster Woods,
of that city, died on the 4eaioh this morn
ing. When ihe came out of 'the water he
covered himself with sand. His friends
noticed ttot (he did mot move and, on in
vestigation, found that he -was Qead.
NOW FUXTiY EQUIPPED.
The Tivcnty-Second Aevr York In
fantry Is on a "War Footlns:.
Font Slocum. Aug. C The balance of the
equipment required 'to place tt.he Twenty
second New York Infantry on a war foot
ing, arrived -here last -nigh't tamd was dis
tributed 4o the men by the quartermas
ter's department today.
The suppMes consist of 1,300 , canvas
suits, uniforms and several hundred belts.
The hoal'dh of the regiment continues excellent.
2.37
$8 07 W
, laOf W
3au y
f
37c
W
THE GREAT EXPOS
A Fnrther View of Omaha's
Show.
OCTAVE THANET'S LETrER
An Extraordinary Display of Cere
alsThe "Wonders of the Machine
Section mill the Interest in the
Iloy and Girls' BuIIdiiiK A Xilit
Visit to the Exposition Grounds.
Omaha, Aug. 5. There Is nothing more
Interesting at the exposition than the
wonderful food exhibit made by the great
food-bearing State? and by the railways
passing through, them. The Agricultural
Building, in which the bulk of this exniblt
is shown, is decorated with a designed
lavish and sumptuous richness of sculpt
ure. It is lavish as nature has been lavish
and sumptuous as the autumn glory of the
West. The great aiched entrance of the
central pavilion opens into a semi-circular
vestibule, the three doors of which
lead into the building. Broad bands of
fruit and waving grain form the mold
ings of the arch and are surmounted by
the generous and placid matron who sym
bolizes architecture and by three Ilgures
typifying aspects of plenty. The pavilion
Itself shows fine groups against the blue
Nebraska sky, thos& on either side rep
resenting the zodiac and the seasons and
the colossal central group showing Pros
perity supported by Integrity and Labor.
The corners of the pavilion have smaller
but very spirited figures, and everywhere
are Inscriptions, for the most part ex
ceedingly happy, applying to agriculture;
the names of notable inventors in the ma
chinery of agriculture and notable pa
trons of the earthtlllers are carved upon
the panels of frieze. The whole effect is
that of a careless luxury, careless be
cause so opulent.
Within all the marvelous ingenuity
which has made corn palaces, has been at
work to deck the booths with every con
ceivable arrangement of color, every kind'
of mosaic in which grain can be used for
pigment and line. There are queer pic
tures of the old-fashioned farm and the
new, of locomotives and landscapes all
In grain, and some of them pleasing, as
well as Ingenious. A pretty device is the
seed howitzer and shells which Kansas
offers as "Peace ammunition for Cuba."
Samples, charts, statistics, of all the prin
cipal grains, and illustrations of their
cultivation, make only a part of this gi
gantic exhibit. There is the finished food
product, the innumerable Hours and
meals, the sugars the sugar beet has a
show of its own and there is, also, the
great exhibit of the famous packers who,
however, have most of their exhibit in
the Manufactures. Tea, coffee, and spices
are to bo found In the Agricultural Build
ing, as well as chlckory, hops, etc and
tobacco is not neglected; while wool, cot
ton, flax, and silk urge their own claims
to attention. A very taking exhibit is
that of farms and farm buildings with its
models and plans. The Cotton Belt has
a striking exhibit, as have tho Rock Isl
and and Burlington Railways. The ce
real artist of the Cotton Belt has built
two pictures of the Southwest as it was
and the Southwest as it is; while he of
the Rock Island displays a locomotive
under -full steam going through a vivid
andscape.
Among the State displays, no one State
attracts more attention than Texas. "Mr.
C. S. Penfield Is the commissioner: but
on the day when I visited Texas another
Texas gentleman was on guard, whose
patient courtesy and State pride I ad
mired eouallv. The rinv x'.ns c r,--
that he had discarded his coat, and he
fanned himself incessantly; but he never
tired. "Yes, sah," I love the toft, blur
ring accent of the South "Yes, sah, the
State of Texas raises everything that
you see. Including those animals. Take
a fan. ma'am the State provides them
for the accommodation of vjs'tahs. It Is
a wahm day. Oh, I don't know; we have
some wahm weather In Texas; but the
nights are always cool. I find this wahm
Western weather rather debilitating."
Never in my life have I met the in
habitant of one sizzling and scorching
section of the country who was tem
porarily sojourning in another torrid
section, that he did not talk about the
cool nights and the peculiar quality of
his own atmosphere which made heat
easy to bear. I drew near and had a lit
tle soulful converse with t)if Tnvnc m
on the vast State which he reprebented.
"Yes, ma'am, cohn and cotton here is
some of our long-fiber cotton; it is no
use of other States talking of competing
with us in cotton. And cohn is pressing
cotton hard. Texas is bound to be the
greatest cohn State in the Union."
"And fruits? Fruits? Well, ma'am,
will you be here on the 1st? Please come
around here. We are expecting our mel
ons and some peaches then and I should
like you to sample them. That's all we
ask eat some of our fruit and we'll pro
vide the fruit for eating." I am told
that Texas fruit and melon day was all
that her citizens could ask.
The next building on the main court,
the Manufactures, is as severe as the Ag
ricultural is ornate. The feature of this
Doric structure Is Its beautiful shadows.
The center of the building has a group
of statuary representing the mechanical
arts, the wings are capped with shallow
domes. One is reminded of the World's
Fair In this bewildering building, where
are exhibited all kinds of American man
ufactured articles from packing products
In the shape of hams and glasses and tins
to sewing machines and drugs.
Take it all in all, the entire food exhibit
and the farm exhibit surpasses that of
the World's Fair. I am not prepared to
go as far as the enthusiastic young Iowan
who declared that the World's Fair
"wasn't In It" with the Omaha show as
to agriculture, but there certainly is an
Impressiveness, a clearness of arrange
ment, a finish of detail about this part of
the exposition that I did not find at the
great fair. This may be my own fault,
but it Is the experience of others as well.
The agricultural exhibits are In charge of
Prof. F. W. Taylor. The Manufactures
building, being smaller than the similar
building at the World's Fair, Is more
easily studied and it will repay an indefi
nite amount of study.
I am not trying to write a catalogue,
only trying to give an idea of the object
and scope of a fascinating exposition, so I
will only mention one exhibit that struck
me for its excellence, the Utah silk ex
hibit. The beautiful portieres which show
the deft workmanship of the Utah silk
weavers also commemorates Indlrectly
wlth their gulls and lilies the hardships
of the pioneers.
In the massive Machinery Building,
which comes next In a bewilderment of
interest, not only for those especially in
terested, but for anyone. "Well," sald-an.
honest. farmer, stopping spellbound before
a typesetting machine, "if this aint the
durndest thrashing machine I ever saw!-"
It took some time to rescue him and
guide Viim to the agricultural implements.
But th great feature of the building
to the (eral public Islhe electric dis
play. This is admittedly the finest over
made at any exposition. To one can go
through It without a sensation of awo
before this vast, half tinfofded. terrific
force which we in our generation have
made the slaves of our daily life. It Is a
wonderful exhibit and a terrible one.
Another wonderful exlilblt, although less
striking, Is the educational exhibit, which
occupies the galleries. The board of man
agers Is composed of women. Tho presi
dent Is Mrs. A. J. Sawyer, Lincoln, Neb.
As might be expected, there is a splen
did Mines and Mining exhibit. Archi
tecturally, the building with! its unuiuo
domes and broken entablature, Its Ionic
colonnades and its balconies, is one of the
most pleasing. There Is less sculpture,
but an original effect of lines and shad
ows, unlike that obtained by the treat
ment of any other structure.
Before one comes to the Mines"and Min
ing Building he reaches the Auditorium,
where are held all the public exercises
of the exposition. The architecture rests
the eye with its simplicity, yet is entirely
harmonious. The building can seat 4,000
people.
During the two months of the expoii
tion's life, now passed, June and July,
the Apollo Club, the Marine Band, Theo
dore Thomas's Orchestra, the Dubuque
Choral Association and other musical
bodies have given most admiral music.
We are thought to be an unmusical peo
ple; but the German leaven In us is ren
dering the crltcism harmless. Nor have
I seen more attentive or ienthuslastic
audiences than 1 saw during the last
week in June In the AudM&Wum.
Merely a nominal sum is charged for
admission. At first there was no charge,
with the natural result that all the curi
osity seekers sauntered in and sauntered
out of the "free show." The small
charge restricts the number of those who
really come to listen to the music; and
the result is all that could be wished.
One building on the main court no lover
of children will omit to see, the "Boys' and
Girls' Building, which the children of the
Transmississippi Valley erected with
their nickels. It Is simple, but pleasing
outside, and most conveniently and pret
tily furnished within, and hundreds of
tired mothers were resting themselves In
Its cool parlors on every warm day when
I saw it.
A pleasant feature of the exposition Is
the kind of hospitality which It extends
to Its patrons. There are a great many
places where visitors for the day can be
refreshed and rested. Every State build
ing opens wide Its doors and -the abund
ance of easy chairs and lounges, as well
as the omnipresf-nt "rocker." invited the
tired excursionists everywhere.
At the Press Building there are all the
dally papers, room for writing, and Invar
iably a group of agreeable people. It Is
this electric current of human sympathy
that has made already a kind of social
life at the exposition. There da a society
compos-ed of the different officials. And,
gradually, the visitor who remains for
any length of time becomes acquainted
with these pleasant, well-bred, well-educated
people, who have all the Western
kindliness and courtesy of manner and
the Western pride In their beautiful ex
position: and, therefore, are willing to
take pains without end In the sightseer's
behalf; so, presently, they are no longer
strangers In a strange town, but meet
friends at every corner. Something of
this pleasant atmosphere f felt by the
most transient of gqests. They are guests
whose presence is welcomed- as well as
their moqey, The management, In the
first place; the officers, the employes, the
people of Omaha, all make one feel this
grateful sense of personal weclome.
No one fsv .more courteous; -xharT We"
superintendent of liberal arts, cuureau
K). Mrs. Frances M. F.ord, who is mak
ing more frfends thaji she evgr will know
by her gentle Tdndness to all sorts and
conditions of women and mer Her beauy
tiful building reminds oni of the
Woman's Building at the World's Fair,
but It is more severe in treatment. It
has, however, the same graceful sky
line, with Its group of stafuary at the
corners and Its ornate second story.
Ono amazing thing ab6ut iny exposi
tion Is how soon It Is evening. At Omaha
tho most fascinating thln's ,ls evening.
Sitting on one of the cool roof gardens
one may dine and watch the golden fires
light In the sky and deepen J.& crimson,
while the wooden bluffs that .hide the
river are softened by the most tender
mist of haze; and the great white clouds
In the quivering, shining -spa are like
snow-capped mountains; ajid below,
around. Is the wonderful sky-line, domes
and towers and statues carved against?
the darkening blue. Whatever of dust or
heat or human crudeness and jar there
has been through the day fades under
the t-pell of this enchanting hour. Even
the garnish music of the Midway is soft
ened by distance; and the "coon song"
of the boatman on the lagoon is mel
lowed into an indistinguishable harmony.
Later, we go down and sit on the la
goon side and watch the swan boat
glide amid the gondolas, aiid watch the
lights spring up until the whole lovely
court is rimmed with fire and the fiery
lilies are splashed by tho fountains and
the great torch of Liberty waves a daz
zling radiance over all.
The scene is ineffably soothing; It has
a soft, poetic beauty that one does not
expect, and it will haunt every behold
er. "Why not," it always seemed to
whisper, "Why not have beauty such as
mine; not merely for your transient de
light, but for an enduring possession?"
OCTAVE THANET.
MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEEP.S.
On Arrival From Santiago They
AVill He AVell Cared For.
New York, Aug. 6. Assistant Immigra
tion Commissioner McSweeney has been
requested by the Massachusetts Aid So
ciety to make suitable provisions for the
members of the Massachusetts volunteer
regiments arriving here on transports or
trains.
He Is asked to provide them with trans
portation and such clothing as they may
require. The society also authorizes him,
In necessary cases, to advance small
amounts of money to the soldiers. Mr.
McSweeney will comply with the re
quest. SYMPATHY EOB STBIKEES.
It Is Developed at a Meeting: Called
to Promote Ordjr.
Oskosh, Wis., Aug. C A meetingof citi
zens, called by the mayor, was held last
night to discuss measures for preserving
order in the event of further rioting by
the striking woodworkers. This meeting
developed sympathy for the strikers In
such a degree that it was a 'fiat failure.
About twenty arrests were .made yes
terday and a good many heads were
broken.
The business of large woodworking con
cerns Is practically at a standstill. Mayor
Ideson says he will not call for military
force except in the last extremity. It may
be necessary to to ask for Federal troops.
This morning E. I. KIdd, of Chicago,
an organizer, employed by the Amalga
mated Association of Woodworkers, was
arrested on a charge of conspiring to pre
vent the mills of the Paine Lumber Com
pany -from being operated. ''Two strikers
here were Included in the charge. All
three gave ball.
Some mills started 'today,? after having
sworn in all their workmen as special
deputies and furnishing them with clubs.
EMIDIICJHE NAVY
No Fnlure Conslrncfion of Ob
solete Types.
SPEED AND COAL CAPACITY
If Conprrcss AVIH Supply tlie Neces
sary Money Onr" llullders Can
Turn Out Ilnttlt'ships Eiiuul to
Anything- Afloat Great Improve
ment iu Hiarh-Power Guns.
The recent notice to shipbuilders Issued
by Secretary Long giving preference to
bidders who "guarantee the highest rate
of speed" marks a new era for the United
States navy. In a word, the Government
proposes to rank among the great powers
In possessing the finest and fastest ileet
afloat. Secretary Long's circular is, there
fore, the first htep towards this consum
mation "most devoutly wished for," and
recognizes the need of greater speed in
our ships In order that they may equal if
not eeclipse, tho&e of foreign countries.
Congress will be asked to take up the
whole question next Winter, and from the
preparations being maae now It may be
set down that we shall have a new navy
second only to that of England by the
time the Nicaragua Canal becomes an
accomplished fact.
The Spanish war has opened the eves of
the Government to the. iact that in'order
to keep abreast of the times its sea power
must be second to none" on" the globe.
Consequently, if Congress furnishes the
cash the experts In the Navy Department
are ready to go ahead In building battle
ships that will beat all previous records.
We now stand fifth on the list of the
powers In maritime strength, but the de
termination is to bring us up next to
England as regards numDers and ahead
of her in improved methods of construc
tion and more modern machinery.
I had a long talk with Commodore Chas.
O'Neil, chief of the Ordnance Bureau of
the navy and president of the Board of
Construction, on this important subject
Commodore O'Neil Is a recognized author
ity and commands the respect of ship
builders and ballastlc people everywhere
by reason of his conservative judgment
and good common sense.
"If Congress provides us with the
money we can easily build ships of U 000
tons displacement and a higher rate' of
speed than at present," said the commo
dore to me. "Most all the foreign battle
ships are li.OOO tons, and some of their
armored cruisers are un to this fin-nr.
,The maximum displacement of Uncle
&am s battleships is only 11,500 tons at
present, while that of our armored cruis
ers Is but 9,500 tons. Of course, when you
Increase the size of a ship, you make It
quite troublesome to get such proportions
as will meet all requirements. Weight
and space are the two great factors to be
considered in your problem of construc
tion. If you build a ship of 15,000 tons,
with comparatively light armor and light
battery, you can make her go very fast.
Speed Is secured, as a general thing, at
'the expense of something else. Take a
.hlp like" the Iowa, for example. She has
I7I0(F tons of machinery to make her go
something under 1" knots an hour. The
Columbia, which is a smaller vessel. In
order to make 22 knots an hour, must
have 2,000 tons of machinery. High speed
can only be obtained by giving full ca
pacity for space and weight. The act of
Congress provides that ships shall cost
not exceeding J3.000.000 and be of 11.000
tons displacement, besides carrying the
heaviest armor and the most powerful
ordnance. You must do all these things
within a certain limit, you see. "We have
stretched the law up to 11,500 tons dls
pljfcement, thus appreciating and meeting
the needs of the service as far as we
thought It prudent.
"Now, if the shipbuilder and engineer
can get better results out of weight and
spaces, which represent machinery and
coal-carrying capacity, you see that that
will be so much clear gain. In the near
future It is quite likely that a better qual
ity of armor will give equal protection to
that now used and be of less weight.
"Recently some very Interesting exper
iments were conducted at the Indian
Head proving ground on a 6-Inch Krupp
plate, made by the Carnegie Steel Com
pany, of Pittsburg. This plate was man
ufactured under a new process, and is
radically different from the Harveylzed
armor. In the latter the steel can bo
hardened only to a certain depth, say
several inches, whereas, under the Krupp
process, the plates can be carbonized as
deep as you please.
"Of course, all this means better ar
mor for our battleships. The C-inch plate
of Kruppized steel repelled the attack of
three armor-piercing projectiles fired
with the highest velocities. And if the
coming experiments with 12-Inch plate
we expect to make shortly will turn out
as well, the chances are that we shall
use Krupp armor hereafter on our ships.
The Krupp plate is certainly superior to
anything yet ballistlcally tested. Here
is the story In detail:
"The plate presented for trial was an
ugly-looking piece of armor, covered
with fine hair cracks. It was backed
by twelve inches of oak and five-elghths-Inch
steel ship plate, and held in position
by ten strap bolts. The gun used was a
6-inch breech-loading rifle. Carpenter
projectiles were employed.
"The first shell fired struck near the
middle of the plate, the striking velocity
being computed at 2.021 feet per second.
The head of the projectile penetrated two
and a half Inches and fused in the plate,
the base breaking into fragments. There
were no cracks, not even of the radial
character, which have hitherto appeared
upon other plates struck by a projectile.
"The second projectile was aimed at a
point In the center of the target, eighteen
inches from each edge. The striking ve
locity was 2,237 feet per second. The pen
etration was five and a half inches. No
cracks appeared, and the only effect of
the. shot was to break two of the bolts
which held the plate to its backing.
"The third projectile struck the plate
eighteen Inches from the corner opposite
that attacked in the second round, with a
striking velocity of 2,350 feet per second.
Fragments succeeded in perforating the
plate and lodged in the backing.
"It was then determined to attack the
plate with a capped armor piercing pro
jectile. A Carpenter shell, fitted with a
copper-cap, was fired, with a striking ve
locity of 1,934 feet per second. The shell
struck the target midway between the
first and second Impacts. There was a
complete perforation of the plate and
backing, but the projectile could have
done no damage. It made a clean hole
eight inches in diameter, and was broken
near the bank score.
"Examination of the plate showed abso
lutely no cracks a remarkable showing,
when It Is understood that the impacts
were only eight inches apart.
"It this 12-Inch Krupp plate should turn
out as we anticipate, it is more than like
ly that the new armor will be used on our
future battle ships.
"With this new plate and greater dis
placement and speed, do you not see that
our future vessels will compare favorably
with any in the world?
"In the construction of ships abroad
H-I"I"I"I"I"H"I"i-H-r
I
Store coo'ed
Coolest store
USSET
BOY
$2.00
We aim to crowd all the business possible into a
week. We always start oft bright and early every
Monday morning with brisk selling and maintain a live
ly pace until late Saturday night. As a fitting opener
to what we mean to make the busiest week of the sea
sou we offer the following specials for tomorrow:
Boys' Russet Shoes,
worth $2 and $2.50, for
Men's $3.50 and $4.00
Russet Shoes and Oxfords . . .
Men's Russet Shoes and Oxfords, gen
uine hand-sewed "'elts, in vici kid and
Russia Calf. Not a pair in the lot worth
less than $3.50, and the majority are $4.00
Shoes. Choice for
Every pair of Shoes reduced except the famous
Jenneis Miller Shoes and Oxfords. & o6 o&
CROCKER'S,
939 Penna. Ave.
Shoes Shined Free
something is always sacrificed for speed.
Take the armored cruisers of the Am
phritrite class, building for the British
navy. The vessels are to have a displace
ment of 11,000 tons and a speed of 20.73
knots and a coal capacity of 2,003 tons.
Their protection, however, will only con
sist of a steel deck from 2.5 to 4 inches in
thickness and G-lnch Harveyized steel ar
mor for the casemates for the 6-inch
guns. Their armament consists of only
slxteen 6-Inch rapid firing guns, twelve
12-pounders, three 3-pounders and eight
.45-Inch Maxims.
"France and England have at present
vessels laid down which are slated to be
of higher speed than any now afloat. Do
jou think tho United States will be be
hind in the procession? Not unless Con
gress so elects. But I am Inclined to
think, from all I hear, that the needs of
the Navy will be carefully provided for
next Winter.
"The naval battle at SanUago showed
clearly the desirability of high speed. Let
me say here that one of the lessons
learned Is that fleets of cruisers and bat
tleships should not be encumbered with
torpedo boats. They are a care, and lim
it the speed of the squadron. A torpedo
boat ought to act as an Independent de
stroyer. "Our armored cruisers did splendid
work, but an armored cruiser Is not ex
pected to whip a battleship. She must
contend with heavier guns and heavier
armor. Hence the need of giving our bat
tleships greater speed.
"We are going to build new dry docks
at Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
the Gulf, so that we will be soon ready
for vessels of greater displacement than
those now In the service.
"Here Is the lettor of the Secretary of
the Navy regarding greater speed:
"Navy Department.
"Washington, July 26, 1S93.
"NOTICE TO SHIPBUILDERS.
"The department will, in awarding con
tracts for the construction of battleships
Nos. 10, 11 and 12, under its advertise
ment of June 17 last, give preference,
other things being equal, to such bids
as offer to guarantee the highest rate
of speed and greatest coal endurance,
the total weights of engines, boilers and
coal, and the spaces allowed therefor,
to remain as now flxed by the circular
defining the chief characteristics of caid
vessels, and the department's plans and
specifications, and the vessels to have a
steaming radius of not less than 5,132
knots at a speed of ten knots an hour.
"JOHN D. LONG,
"Secretary of the Navy-"
"Not only will our ships In future have
greater speed, larger displacement and
better armor, but they will also be pro-
$0-$40$
t TOxfi-We studv the
LI ' i'J
(ill
111 On
Pay
Castelberg,
935 Pa. Ave.
1
by electric fans.
in the city. . .
and S2
T
. 1
SHOE
40 pairs in the lot,
4F
j vlded with more powerful guns than
luuac in use at present, me uovernment
Is now re-deslgning its ordnance from 4
Inch up to 13-inch guns. Hereafter there
will be quite a marked Increase in tho
percentage of efficiency both In range
and penetration. The significance of the
changes in the velocity of projectiles will
be all the more apparenUTthen it Is stated
that one of the big 13-iiM$h guns will carry
full fifteen miles its half-ion or energized
destruction. The point to bear in mfnd
Is that the change, or improvement, in.
the guns is not so much In carrying qual
ity as In the development of crushing en
ergy. It will be next to impossible for
any armor or fort to stand the shoek of
one of these batteries of big guns at
close range. Of course, ships cannot fire
as far as forts. Seventeen degrees 13
about the maximum eJevaUon that a gna
is given on board a battleship. A tarrac
would have to be cut to pieces to get aay
greater elevation."
The chances are that the new battle
ships Maine, Missouri and Ohio will par
take in a measure of some of the changes
and Improvements outlined above. And
when Congress meets this Winter net
only will the construction of more vessels
be authorized, which will be bigger and
better than any now afloat, but also the
entire personnel of the navy be reorgan
ized to meet our needs in the twentieth
century. Thls much at least the war with
Spain has done for Uncle Sam in waking
him up to take first and foremost rank
among the great powers of the earth.
THE WTRE-DRAWEHS' STRIKE.
A Crlsln 31ny Follow the Employ
ment of Outside Labor.
Cleveland. Ohio, Aug. 6. A dozen men
in the Consolidated Mills have joined
the wire drawers strike- This ia tha
first break from this source.
Rod mill men of the American Wire
Company met this afternoon and, it is be
lieved, will come out. Should they adopt
this course, the American mill will havo
to close.
A crisis is expected if the trust ia
por.s workmen from out of town.
Colored Help Secured.
Anderson, Ind., Aug. 6. The Andersaiv
men who are out of the trust if tho
nail plants received word from Cleveland
today that the men on strike have re
ceived notice that colored men wrav
brought to that city from Birmingham,.
Ala., to. work in the plants that are.
shut down.
Zf
formation,of voureyex
$1
$1.98
as closely and as accurately as the
astronomer studies his stars. Every
malformation of the eyeball has its
effect. Headaches, dizziness, indis-
tinct vision are all traceable to a mis-
shape of the eyeball. Our Opticians
are graduates of the World's Leading
Colleges. Knowledge and efperi-.
ence, aided by the best and latestjm-1
proved instruments and appliances,
make their service in examining eyes
invaluable to you. Yet that service &
is ABSOLUTELY FREE, and If
glasses are required they're to be had -
a little down a little each week.
The Bargain Giver
and Reliable Jeweler, .
Baltimore Store. 10S N. Eutaw St.
Established 1846.
0? -

xml | txt