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V, ' "&& ap- THE TIMES. WASHINGTON. .SUNDAY, AUGUST 7, 1898. Q0N $faa& (MORNING. EVENING AND SUNDAY.) THE TIMES COMPANY. -"STILSON HUTCHINS. President PUBLICATION OFFICE. THE HUTCHINS BUILDING, Corner lentil and D Streets Northwest rorscnimox Rates Ji'ONTJU.T ET CAnniEK: Korclnc, Eveninjj and Sunday Fifty Cents Koralcg and Sunday Thtrty-flve Cents Evening and Sunday.... Thirty-five Cents 1ST MAIL. Crc Year, Moraine. Evening and Sunday.. S5.50 SixlIonUis, " " .. 3.00 Three Mon.hs, " "-".. I.3 One Year. Xorains and Sunday 4.03 EIxMontas, - " -25 'JbiecMi-nth. " " " 1-25 CreYear. Evening and Sunday J-00 EixMontts. 2-25 5 l.rre Months. " " " 1-23 Huccayonly. One Year 1-M GuJcrs oy mail must be accompanied by itciiplion price. tit.-.-,. ( Editorial Kooms a K.-?,- ! Business Office 1010 jvuxBtua. j circulation Department 263 " CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of THE TIMES for the week ended August 6, 1S9S, was as follows: -Sunday, July 31 20,000 Monday, August l 51,294 Tuesday, August 2 50,545 Wednesday, August 3 50,961 Thuisday, August 4 50,095 Friday, August 5 50,091 Saturday, August 6 50,072 .Total 323,058 Daily average (Sunday, 20,030, ex cepted) 50,509 THE TIMES, in all its editions, Morning, Evrn ing"and Sunday, will be mailed to one address lor FIFTY CENTS per month. Addresses changed is ultcn as desired. The Advertisers Guarantee Company, ol Chl isfcw. hereby certifies that it has, by its expert tiaminers, proven and attested the circulation .! THE TIMES, Washington. D. C. The daily nerage PAID circulation lor the month ol June, "iS3- --as 49,581 copies. This is GUARANTEED to the advertisers o! te country by a BOND OF 530,000 in the Fidelity kad Deposit Company, ol Maryland, deposited tfith tte Northwestern National Bank, ol Chicago. ADVERTISERS' GUARANTEE COMPANY. hr J. R. MASON. President. SUNDAY", AUGUST 7, 1S93. The SiinniHh Answer. v "While the official reply of Spain did iiot come last night, as had been ex pected, there is no doubt, as stated in our news columns, that an intimation was conveyed to the White House eaily in the day to the effect that the cabi net had accepted the Day-Edmunds terms "in effect." Much joy is professed by Administra tion people in consequence, but, wheth er it is real or assumed, it will proba bly be short-lived. There are many reasons for believing that when the text of the Spanish "acceptance" is re ceived it will amount to nothing more than a palpable trick to gain time and play for further concessions. No trust worthy information can be secured in Madrid in support of any other theory. When a Spaniard says that he ac cepts a thing "in principle" it is per fectly safe to bet that he means to say he rejects it in practice. It Is a Question. In a. London dispatch last night it was stated that President McKinley's peace conditions had excited a great deal of surprise among members of Parliament and other leading English men familiar with international af fairs. They have been wondering why he should leave Spain without any op tion as to Cuba, Porto Rico and lesser islands, and freely throw open the door of the Philippine question, gratuitously surrendering the idea of American pos session except as to a coaling station or two. Astonishment at this action is natu rally increased in view of the general opinion in Grea Britain and Europe that full occupation and ownership of the archipelago would be Insisted upon as a condition precedent to any treaty of peace. No wonder that the British mind is in a state of wonder. It does not appreciate the power over destiny exercised by such giant Intellects as Day and Edmunds possess; nor is it so easy on the far side of the Atlantic to realize the great political and other stakes that are Involved in giving away the results of Dewey's victory. Here in America, on the contrary, more is known on the subject than is being said as yet. "Yesterday it was reported that the President felt so sure of Sagasta. the amiable statesman of whom Mr. Mc Kinley once said "he had always done whatever he was asked to," that the personnel of the commission to restore the Philippines to Spain was already under active consideration. Who may be honored in the connection is not yet announced, but several appropriate names are being freely used by friends of the Administration. The Hon. George F. Edmunds, whos2 eminent services in pleading the Span ish cause against the tendency to keep the Philippines entitle him to recogni tion, is thought to be among the selec tions, while other prominent corpora tion lawyers, like Richard Olney and Benjamin Harrison, are also mention ed. If it were the purpose to pre-judge the case, and to restore as much conquered territory as possible, more desirable appointments would be hard to conceive. It is stated that the Span ish government urgently desires that the Hon. Stewart L. Woodford shall be .added to the commission, and we presume that so modest a request will be granted if circumstances permit. A peace board, composed of, say, Ed munds, Olney and Woodford on our part, and Weyler, Dupuy de Lome, and Carranza, on that of Spain could not fail to meet every expectation of the high personages and anonymous in fluences back of the entire business. Must Have Been Bailey. Some Chicago policemen had a bad scare one everting not long ago. They saw a queer figure coming on a bicycle. It was dressed all in black, it bent low over the handlebars. Its eyes glared, and a long, black pennant streamed be hind it The policemen stumbled over each other backward, and their eyes grewfbig and round. "Did you see it?" said one in an awe-struckyoice. . "Did you see its tail?" "" " '" " Some of them thought that, owing to the weather, denizens of the lower world had mistaken Chicago for home. Some of them began to make hurried and -heartfelt promises to the powers above; but one courageous bluecoal ran across the park and grabbed the figure. It turned out to be a man 'n evening clothes hurrying to a wedding. Some day evening clothes will not make such a sensation in Chicago. The Carlist Outlook. It is quite natural that the Alfonsist ministry in Madrid should affect in difference to the danger of a Carlist revolution, which, nevertheless, is a se rious one. Leaders of the Spanish par ty now the most popular one in the kingdom, openly assert that civil war will happen instantly upon the declara tion of a peace involving loss of Span ish territory. Arms" and munitions of war are being hurried forward by the Carlist committee in London, and it is announced that the pretender has ef fected an arrangement with the relig ious orders interested in the Philip pines, through which he is receiving generous financial support Under these and other well known conditions, it is somewhat surprising that the Administration should place any confidence in the ability of the Sa gasta government to enter upon nego tiations at the present time, with a reasonable prospect of being able to carry out its promises or agreements. The outbreak of a Carlist revolution would undoubtedly involve the instant downfall of the ministry and, most likely, of the dynasty. Christina and her premier have other fiercely dissident factions to count with, and of these the Republicans are quite capable of mak ing common cause with the Carlists for temporary purposes. Unless the game is a deeper one than so far appears on the surface, the abili ty of the Madrid authorities to accept terms, in any useful sense, or to con clude peace, does not exist. The ap parent confidence expressed to the con trary, in the Administration circle, i3 incomprehensible except upon the doubtful theory that an armed inter vention by France and Austria in Spain is pre-arranged as part of the scheme in connection with which Mr. McKInley seems to have committed himself to the surrender of the Ph Hpplne Islands. If that were included in the under standing, it might be feasible to con sider Sagasta and the Alfonsist party as, perhaps, able to enforce terms agreed to by them upon the kingdom. It is hardly probable that Washington, Madrid, Pars, Vienna and the Vatican would have entered upon a deal, the nature of which was bound to be ob noxious to a majority sentiment in both Spain and the United States, with out making some provision for even tualities. We musjt remember that two of the chief anonymous interests con nected with the Philippine surrender trade are greatly concerned for the throne of Alfonso. A third France is the country where most of the Span ish bonds are held. All have well de fined objects to gain in stopping the war and saving the archipelago to Spain. It may be that a military occupation of the peninsula has been arranged to insure the success of the negotiations. Nothing need surprise the American people, who, however, never had great er need for watchfulness than at this very moment. loet ami Peary. Richard Le Gallienne has blossomed forth again. The efflorescence of this distinguished and love-locked individ ual is something to gaze upon with awe, wonder and a slight degree of in credulity. It seems as if it were im possible for anyone to feel quite as Mr. Le Gallienne talks. It suited his fancy, some time ago, to write a poem on Peary's departure for the North Pole. The poem was read at Peary's farewell dinner in Brooklyn. It is not recorded what Peary did with himself while the lines were being read. The occasion must have been somewhat curious and abnormal. For the sake of convenience, and be cause the 'thing is the work of Mr. Le Gallienne, we call it a poem. If we had found it in the street, we should not have known what to call it. It m'ght have been a Botrychium, an Erythro nlum, an Ornithorhynchus or some oth er botanical or zoological specimen, for all that anyone could know. It is amenable to no. laws of rhyme, rhythm, grammar, rhetoric or psychology. "Who asks his trivial why?" inquires Mr. Le Gallienne soulfully. We don't know. So far as we are concerned It would be just as pertinent to inquire "how asks their trivial what?" Es pecially is it a matter of dusky and mystic uncertainty who should ask a trivial why regarding Mr. Peary and his Polar expedition. One more strophe of this inspiration will serve to show what sort of goods it is: So that the Pole make Peary, As all such dreams Have power to make a man, I care not much that Peary finds the Pole; This may be poetry. But if it is, the average American will be willing to admit that he doesn't know poetry from pumpkin pie. Spain's Yellow Ally. Around the comfortable quarters per vaded by our war authorities some mild astonishment and annoyance is ex pressed because the Spanish transports contracted for to convey Toral's army home have not begun to appear and get down to business. On general principles, it would be rather amusing if our magnates were to find much fault with delay on the part of the Spaniards, remembering how wickedly they have sinned in the sme direction. But, when we pause to consider the tactical value to the enemy of inertia in the matter, there is noth ing at all laughable in sight The fever-stricken condition of our troops at Santiago is as well known in Madrid as it is at the White House. It did not require the "round robin" to sing that note across the Atlantic The assumption in Spain is that, while the prisoners remain in Cuba, the Ameri can troops will be kept there, and the fever will exert its influence for Span ish revenge and to frighten the United States Into better terms of peace. We are satisfied that every obstacle to the prompt deportation of the sur rendered forces at Santiago that Spain can think of will be thrown in the way, and her fertility in such resources is beyond question. Were it not for the renewed influence of certain enormous interests we should expect to see a very stern attitude adopted toward the Spanish contract ors for the transportation of Toral's troops, just as we should look to see Mr. McKInley break off all negotiations with the enemy, since it is plain that nothing but time wasting and lying trickery is to" be expected from Mad rid. As matters stand, however, the'logical policy will be a temporizing one; oth erwise, tliere would be little hope for the great Philippine surrender deal. Volunteer Insrcnulty. Recollections of the Civil War spring up like mushrooms along the path of the volunteers. One old officer met an other at a hotel table and they at once began to discuss some long-past cam paign. Said the first veteran to the second: "How did your regiment ever get over that ground so quickly?" The second officer smiled proudly. His men had been left beside a railroad track with two disabled engines and a lot of cars. He explained that he called for volunteer mechanics to mend the engines and out of the ranks stepped a number of Pittsburg men who had worked for years In railroad shops. It did not take long to make those en gines as good as new. Then the colo nel called for volunteer engineers and firemen. They were promptly forth coming. Brakemen were found In the same way, the rest of the regiment did all the rough work which required un skilled laborers, and the tralnload came steaming into town In about cne-tenth the time it would have taken for the march. That is the strong point of a volunteer army. It Is a jack-at-all trades and good at every one. The Prince of Wales not only has a sore knee, but he has the pleasure of reading in all the nwspapers that there is trouble In his family, and that his wife has gone home to her mother. In addition to this, it is freely and frankly admitted that the injury to his knee cap could have been cured if he had been an ordinary man with whom sur geons were willing to take risks. It would seem as if the Princess of Wales might have the liberty of visiting her mother without starting the tongues of the gossips to wagging, especially when the prince has a sore knee. But these are some of the drawbacks of belonging to the royal family. Some newspapers are talking about the advantages of having the Philippines as a place to stow awny the overflow of our population. There are many advan tages in keeping those islands, but this is not one of them. The country is not yet so densely populated that our young men need to escape to the Orient in order to make a living. That idea would make an Englishman smile. The United States is twice the size of India, and has less than one-third India's population, and young Englishmen are forced to go hunting a career in a country like that! It is now stated thai there Is not a single fighting ship in Admiral Camara's squadron which Is fit to go into action. The boilers of the Pelayo have given out, the firing gear and the turrets of the Carlos r cannot be made to work, and, after the recent excursion to Suez, the Audaz was fit only to lie down and die. The rest of the squadron is equally defective. Now that this secret has been disclosed, it is in order for Americans to inquire what Admiral Camara ex pected to do with that fleet, supposing he had managed to navigate it as far as the Philippines? Did he intend it as a Christmas present to Admiral Dewey? A Philadelphia policeman Is In a state of wrath against the hot weather punster. Punning is a vice at all seasons of the year, especially in the Quaker City, but It Is most criminal in July and August This policeman received a note one day inform ing him that there was a speak-easy in operation near the corner of Franklin and Spring Garden Streets. The policeman, in all haste, raided the spot and found that the only institution which answered the description was an Episcopal church for the deaf. There are isome people In Maine, It ap pears, -who -Dhought sold cou'd -be made out -of sea waiter, "and nave invested much money in a scheme 'to extract (the precious metal. There la a law of the universe wh-icfh provides that all things shall turn out we'J in the end, and If this was the only way in which "these innocent Ddwn Easters aouJd albsonb the salt needed to conrplt'te tlheir ch'aracters, perhaps the affair was providential. The United States does not intend to be 5nhucnan in its dictation of tlhe terms of peace. There is no reauon wihy the Ca naries, ithe Balearic Isles, Ceuta, and the Carolines sihould not Ibe (returned fo Sp'ain, but 5n view of the way in wihach she would probably have acted tod she been victo rious, it seeras as if ChaJt iwere all tlhat she can reafoiraibly expect. Is it to be supposeU that if Weyler "Wad. as ho threatened to do. maifcihed ifrom Netw Or leans to New York and taken all of the prln'c&p'al cities, he would ever have con sented to return ttihem to the United States? Never! He would .have con tended that it was Injurious Jto tlhe Ihonor of Spain to (relinquish Tils Ibooty, and he would also have demanded Chicago and St. Louis. Sagasta Is of the opinion that political life Is more fatal 'than yellow fever. Glad stone is dead, Bismarck is dead and the Spanish insurance offices are not taking any risks on Sagasta How He Jjcnraeil. (From the Electrical Review.) A memter of the crew of the Yankee tells the Electrical Review of an incident that happened aboard that vessel during the recent cruise. Said he: "We were out at sea, and one of the boys you know him was doing his trick at the wheel. Commander Brownson came up alongside him, and, after watching him a few minutes, said: 'You steer very well, my man.' Billy just sa lutedbeing up on naval etiquette. 'Been prac tising since you joined the ship?' asked Brown son. 'No, sir: I liaven't been practising much, said Billy. 'Well, you handle this ship as if you'd steered before,' said Brownson. 'Yes, sir,' said Billy; 'I have.' 'Where? said Brownson. "All along the Atlantic coast,' says Billy. 'What did you steer?' says Brownson. 'My own steam yacht, sir,' says Billy. ' 'How big is she?' says Brownson, after a pause. "About a thousand tons, sir, says Billy. 'I I see," says Browraon. 'Tank'ee, sir,' says Billy, saluting. And the 'old man went to his stateroom." The Mother. (From the Chicago News.) Mrs. Crowley How doe3 it feel to be the mother of a countess? Mra. Scaddsleigh It seems immense as long- as you're in this country; but, somehow, I can't help thinking that the old family servants are giving me an all-round josh when I'm over visit ing Sadie. A BEMAKKJLBLE AE. The Sevcrnl Surpijili Fcntnrcs of Onr MnjHli JVUh, Spnln. There Is no doubt tjiaCAdmiral Dewey was surprised at the havoc he wrought without the loss of a. single life on his side; and naval ofilcersllie world over were astounded when' Cervera's fleet was destroyed with the los'ofa single Amer ican. These and 6ther, extraordinary features of the tliree-mdhths' war lead the New York Tribune to' say: "If the war ends it. will rank as one of the most remarkable ware In human history. A war without loss of a single battle or skirmish on one side, without loss or serious Injury of a single ship, with surrendered prisoners exceeding in number the force which captured them, and with practical annihilation of the available navy of one power, Is novel enough to make an Interesting chapter in the world's history. The results are the more remarkable when it is considered that practically the finest arms and am munition of Europe, in some respects superior to those which Americana em ployed for most of their forces, were at the service of Spain. Krupp and Armstrong- guns, Mauser rifles, smokeless powder, gave Spaniards a serious ad vantage repeatedly, and Spanish soldiers have never been considered inferior fight ers in any locality where their style of fighting was possible. Yet good troops, with first-rate equipments, with ships of the latent and best European pattern, and men who were not lacking In cour age, were never able to make anything like a good stand on land or sea. Hold ing positions declared Impregnable by the military experts of their own and other nations, these well-equipped forces were driven out of them by the rush of troops In part destitute of discipline in war, and many of them provided with inferior arms. "All these things go to make this war one at the most remarkable ever known. It would not have been considered strange three months ago if Americans had lost several ships and many thou sand men in battle before driving Spain to sue for peace. In fact, all sorts of European critics were continually saying before the war actually toegan that, while American resources must win in the end, this country might have a bad half-hour of it at t'he outset. It is only in the light of these declared expectations that the actual results of the war can be fairly judged. Nobody finds even now that Cer vera's forces were lacking in courage or in material equipment. Nobody ques tions the courage of Toral and his men, or makes "light of their defense of posi tions which they considered impregnable, and which everytody else has considered extremely difficult. But. somehow, the Americans have nowhere met even a little reverse on land or sea, and have invaria bly carried apparently, impossible posi tions with greater loss" lo 'the defenders than to those attacking.' "In warfare these are not results which history 'makes familiar. Vll the loss of one navy from first to last and on all seas do not equal .those 'inflicted upon the other by a single shell. AH the battles of the war thus far havp not03t the Amer ican army as many men -as it has killed in attacking the most strongly fortified and difficult positions. There will have to be found a definite and-extremely Im portant cause for such a disparity of fighting force and destructive power. The world now begins to-see what the cause Is. Free sovereigns fighting for the gov ernment which Is their own are not to be matched by the bes 'trained and best equipped forces of governments which are not 'of the people, by th people and for the people.' " EFFECTS OE EXPLODING SHELLS How a Spanish Projectile Acted on the Te.nn, The opportunities of our navy to study the effects of exploding sheels have not been so great as was expected at the be ginning of this war. They have been able to Judge of the execution of these shells at long range, on the ships of the enemy, but not on their own vessels. One of the few Spanish shells that did strike an American ship, however, struck the Tex as, and its course is described by a cor respondent of the London Telegraph, who says: "Although the shell was only a small one, six Inches In diameter, and, there fore, not weighing more than about sev enty pounds, It practically wrecked the big compartment In which it burst, while the smoke from It forced Itself down the ammunition hoists and into the forward compartments of the ship, so that for a few minutes the crew were almost suffo cated. The stanchion was shivered into atoms for two feet of its length, and the fragments of the burst shell, flying for ward against the starboard side, bulged the stout steel plates outward to a depth of three Inches. Just at this point one of the big double-headed angle-Irons of the ship's framo was situated. This great rib of steel, nearly twice as thick and heavy as a railroad rail, was cut through in two pieces as if it had been made of cheese, and nearly two feet of it was car ried away bodily in minute pieces. The base of the shell plowed a furrow down the steel deck, just as a plow would cut through the soft soil of a fallow Held. "It hit and broke another rib of the ship, and, breaking Itself In two, both pieces lodged in a cable-reel standing close to the starboard side. The core of this reel was a prism of oak over two feet in circumference and there was wound on it at the time a coil of hemp hawser that made a cylinder about four feet In diameter. The homp rope was cut through to the wood and the stout oak prism was shivered to splinters. This one fact alone would be sufficient to give an Idea of the appalling energy of modern projectiles. "Every man in its path was wounded. One gunner was hit with no fewer than fifteen pieces of steel, each about the size of a hazel nut. Af the moment the shell exploded one man1 was standing right in its path. HeWas 'literally blown to fragments. He was talking to a com rade, and, strange aff Itmay seem, the latter, although less6 thaii arms-length away, was unhurt, save for' being knocked down by the shockrof the expljslon. Others of the men, thirty" feet from the fatal shot, had a dozen pieces of the shell plunged Into their bodies."' "A remarkable feature of the explosion was the smallness of t'he pieces into -which the shell burst. It shivered into fiag ments weighing about an: ounce. The only piece of any size plaked up was rather less than naif- tKe base, just enough to enable it t(J-bo ascertained that it had been a slx-Ineh shell, fired fiom a high-power, breech-loading gun." Give tlie Old Girl 11 Chance. (From the New York Tribune.) Mrs. Louise II. Pratt, of Sherwood, Wis., thinks that sweet young things with golden hair should not monopolize the privilege of naming warships; so she wants to be allowed to name the battle ship Wisconsin. Among her qualifications she mentions the following: She is fifty-one years old, got her education in a little log schoolhouse in Wisconsin, knows how to ccok, knit, spin, and make soft soap, wears her hair short, and has christened and reared two boys and two girls of her own. Relief in Slulit. (From the Chicago Record.) "There's one thing certain." "What's that?" "When our army gels back from Cuba the oldest inhabitant will have to stop talking about the hot weather he has known." Wanted It ItSjrht. (From the Pittsburg Chronicle.) "Which is de easiest of dese Culian names to say?" asked Tired Tompkins ol Weary "Walker. "What do you want to know dat for?" "I want to know weilder to be a survivir of Seeboney or Santeea3'go." A MILLION LIVES. That Im the Number Annnnlly Claim ed by Consumption. A number of leading medical men in England recently met to consider theques tlon of establishing hospitals to which poor persons or those of moderate means can go for treatment Another meeting is announced for the purpose of begin ning the work of raising fund3 for this purpose. How necessary it is the Lon don Telegraph tolls, as follows: "It Is well known that the ravages of consumption are serious In almost all the countries of Europe, but few peo ple, except experts, are aware how ter rible Is the real extent of the mortality. As a matter of fact, every portion of the earth's surface Is more or less sub ject to tuberculosis, except the arctic or subarctic regions, the deserts and high ranges of mountains. If we come to precise figures we shall find that out of the whole population of these Islands one In every eleven dies of phthisis In some form or another. "The annual tribute paid to this dread ful disease In Europe Is", according to Prof. Leyden, not less than one million lives. In France the situation is worse, for there the average is as high as one in six; and, indeed, it has been estimated that if we take the general ranks of humanity, nearly half of the persons who live to middle age suffer or have suf fered from tubercular Infection. Or we may put It in another way: If we add together all the dreadful maladies which afflict the wretched race of man ty phoid, diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, smallpox, cholera even when united they do not claim half as many victims as those killed by phthisis. "There Is, then, no doubt of the preva lence of consumption, and the next ques tion is what humanity can do more than has been done to rid Itself of so dire and persistent a plague. The answer, though it is not always clear, is fairly plain to day. In many countries energetic at tempts have been made to combat the en emy, especially In America, in Germany, in Switzerland, France and Russia. For some reason not very easy to compre hend, Great Britain has lagged behind other elvllized lands, though, as we un derstand, this reproach is very shortly to be removed from our midst. For the be lief is growing among men of science that not only is consumption curable, but that there are sanatoria on the face of the globe In which patients have already been treated with absolute and definitive success. Of course, -the disease must be taken in its earlier forms; no one has a right to expect that azty man or woman who has been for years subject to the ravages of the malignant bacillus of con sumption can easily, or perhaps- ever, get rid of the enemy. "But the point of Importance to our population is that consumption, if dealt with early enough, can be averted or dis armed by a treatment which sounds, per haps, almost too simple and elementary. The one great and essential remedy Is air combined with sunshlne-brlght sunshine, fresh air. Hence for the ideal sanitarium, such as can already be found In full working, both at Cromer and Bourne mouth, the conditions are: (1) A well arranged building with a southern as pect; (2) a dry, pure, well-drained subsoil; (3) a pure atmosphere, with abundancS of sunlight: (1) a garden well protected from the wind and (5) sheltered verandas, gal leries and arbors facing the sun: Nat urally, to these must be added such Indis pensable requisites as an adequate nurs ing staff and a constant supervision by medical men. But it is the less necessary to insist on these las-t points, because they would be equally applicable to any and every home or establishment devoted to the cure of disease. "There Is a general impres:ion that high altitudes are needed, which makes many think of Davo3 Platz and other lofty lev els in connection with consumption, but, although from a theoretical point of view an elevated station or else a dry air, such as we find In deserts, Is of paramount utility, these things are not at all essen tial. Three year's experience at Cromer, for Instance, has convinced Dr. Burton Fanning of the practicability and extreme usefulness of the open-air treatment in England. Moreover, a cure which has been obtained In the native country of the sufferer Is frequently more lasting and more assured than one effected In a for eign climate, especially chosen for its geniality. "When it is realized that at the present moment no les3 than a quarter of a mill ion persons are suffering in the British Isles from consumption, and when we add to this the fact, well known to the medical practitioner, that the disease Is, In a real sense, a contagious one, or If that be not the precise technical expres sion, that it can, at all events, be com municated from one patient to another, in the same way as influenza, the prob lem stands before us in all its terrible im portance. It becomes. In truth, a national question." JOURNALISM INT MANILA. AewH a Month Old leaves Little Chance for Yellow Enterprise. A rather interesting description of Ma nila Journalism Is to be found in "Yes terdays in the Philippines" (Joseph Earle Stevens). The passage subjoined was written during the war between Japan and China. The Japanese hare sunk several Chinese trans port ships already, and one of the unfor tunate craft used to come here to Manila. In other directions the Chinese arc said to have beaten the Japs badly on land, but over in this slow old moth-eaten place the daily papers will publish cablegrams from Spain by the page, that give out nothing but official stuff and Oovern ment appointments, and when it comes to some thing of real interest, like a war, they will cither be witlwut any news whatever, or tell the whole story wrong side out in a single line, that may or may not be true. And s-o you are prob ably getting better news of this 'whole affair, twelve thousand miles away, than we arc, who are almost on the field of action. Our Manila papers consist of four pages, the first two of which are especially reserved for ad vertisements. Half of one of the inside leaves is likewise reserved, and the remaining half 13 covered with blocks full of gloomy sentiments which relate to the decease of this or that per son. There is a little black frame of type around each square, and at the top is a cros, with a "R. I. P." or "D. O. M." under it. Be low comes the name of the defunct, with hour, minute, day and year of his birth and death, and below his virtues arc extolled and his friends in vited to pray for the repose of his soul. Every year, each person that has died the year before has his anniversary, both in church and in the newspapers, and when you recollect tliat out of a population of three hundred and fifty thousand a good many depart each twelvemonth, it is hard to see why the whole paper shouldn't consist of these notices. The other inside page contains the news, and we learn that a bad odor has leen dis covered up some side street; that a dog fell into the river and was drowned; that a perfumery store has received a new kind of liquefied scent; that it will probably rain in sonic part of the island during the day, and that the band on the parade ought not to le frightened off merely by a few drops that fall from some passing cloud. And so it goes until the French and English mail comes in, and then the progressive dailies copy all the news they can find, out of the foreign papers, and serve it up cold, act. one month. A Striip:e Accident. (From the Chicago Journal.) Eldridge McFarland w-as at the top of a tele graph pole yesterday. He is now lying at his home, 711 Wentworth Avenue, with a sprained wrist and an injured back. A locomotive did it. McFarland is a lineman in the employ of the Chicago Telegraph Company. He was stringing a wire at One Hundred and Thirty-eighth and Halsted Streets and climbed the pole with a coil about his body. When he had reached the top he leisurely started to fasten the line to the in sulator. He did not notice the end which was dragging on the ground, but a passing locomotive, did. The stray end coiled about the smokestack and clung there lovingly. The other end stuck just as tightly to McFarland. In the ensuing tug of war the man war no match for the iron horse. In a twinkling he was jerked from his lofty position and hurled twenty-five feet through the air. By a lucky chance he landed almost right side up and escaped with his life. The en gine is as chipper as ever. A NEW ELEMENT. Discovered First in the Sun and Then on the Earth. For years chemists supposed that they were acquainted with all the elements that constitute an atmosphere, but a year ago an English experimenter found an en tirely new one. A strange thing about it was that Its character and the method of Its production were almost exactly as described by Edgar Allan Poe In a work of Action. Since this discovery other new substances have been found. As the New York Sun says: "The multiplication of the elements goe3 on apace. Tn the -chemical sense, an ele ment Is a substance which, unless you add some other substance to It. will produce nothing but Itself. Thus Iron, if kept un comblned with anything else, will yield only Iron and iron alone. It Is a simple body, which cannot be resolved into any thing simpler. "In 1S7I, when Prof. Joslah P. Cooke, jr., of Harvard College, published his well-known work on the new chemistry, there were sixty-ithree elementary sub stances certainly known to chemists. In 1S91, according to a list given by Prof. Ira Remsen, of the Johns Hopkins Uni versity, there were sixty-seven. Since then 'helium and argon have been added to the list of elements two gases present in ithe air In minute quantities and re markable for their indisposition to com bine with other elements, and more re cently the discovery of still another gas of the same group has been announced, which it is proposed to call metargon. "Argon and helium have been obtained from the gaseous products of mineral springs In England. It Is to Italy, how ever, that the newest of the elements must be credited, upon which has been bestowed the name coronlum. The detec tion of this substance was made known three weeks ago by a communication to the French Academy of Sciences by Messrs. R. Naslnl, F. Anderllnl and R. Salvadorl. three Italian chemists and physicists, who have been engaged for some time In the spectroscopic study of the gaseous emanations from various vol canic districts of Italy. "The new element was disco veded in this way: If the corona, or halo, of the sun be examined through the spectro scope, a definite green line appears in he spectrum. This line is known to men of science as liVilv. It was once supposed to be due to the aurora, but this view has been abandoned, and the line has lately been regarded as indicating the presence of an elementary substance in the solar corona, which must be lighter than hydrogen and did not exist on the earth, since the green line had never been found in the spectrum of any terres trial body. Now, however, the coronal line has been found for the first time upon -the earth. In studying, with the aid of the spectroscope, the volcanic gases arising from the Solfatora of Poz zuoll. the line Is plainly revealed, and the inference is that the same element which manifests Its presence In the solar coro na by this green line must be present in these products of Italian mineral springs, and will eventually be Isolated as coro nium the lightest substance known to man. "A writer In the London Times, com menting on this interesting discovery, predicts that other new elements will be found associated with coronlum." DON'T GIVE TEEM TJP. The Voice of the Country Anlnst Philippine Surrender. If the proposal to surrender the Philippines to Spain is cruel and heartier, the proposal to give back any part of thpm and keep another part is cruel, heartless and fcohsh. It is Just about the sort of statecraft one might expect from an Ohio village lawyer, unfamiliar with public business, and made Secretary of State by accident. It would mean one of two things. Either we should have the Spaniards for neighbors, or we should find ourselve entangled in European af fairs to an extent and in a manner to justify the worst alarms of the surrender partv. There is just one respectable way out of such a dilemma for a nation or a man. Take the bull by the horns and hang on. The Chicago Journal. Tee Philippines would be useful, profitable and advantageous to the United States. They should stay under the Stars and Stripes forever. The Albany Times-Union. It '3 manifest destiny. The flag that was raised over the Philippines by Admiral Dewev is to stay there. This is a question of duty for" the United States and one of safety far Europe. The Chicago Inter-Ocean. To rehabilitate Spanish rule and leave our al lies to the tender mercies of their enemies would be a crime and an act of treachery that the American nation would be loath to commit. The Philadelphia Kecord. If Spain does not quickly accept peace on the too generous terms offered her Mr. McKinley should withdraw the concession which leaves the fate of the Philippines to a joint commission. The result of the war gives jis the same right to determine the future of the Philippines as it does to determine the future of Cuba and Porto Rico. It imposes upon us the Fame r soonsibility in the case of the Far Eastern archipelago as in that of the West Indies isles. Our only safe course, then. U not to give up the island. Our responsibility requires and our duty commands us to hold them. This is de manded by a sense of gratitude to England, who lias befriended us in this war, a well as our own national welfare. It is essential to lasting peace for the United States and peace for Eu rope. The New York Herald. If the Philippines are not governed by the United States or by an insurgent repubb'c they eventually are certain to pasa beneath the con trol of one or more of the great European pow ers. Already the fleets of three or four nation are hovering around like buzzards over a dying carcass, ready at any time to pounce down and tear the quivering flesh to pieces. The Kano3 City Journal. Our proper policy is not to give awav or throw away a legitimate victory valiantly "won. No peace treaty lias any chance of acceptance by the people of the United State except ono which put and keeps every island in the Philip pine group under the American flag. The Philip pine islands must become American territorv. The St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The United States has several important and dis tinct kinds of use for the Philippines a3 a per manent possession. To give over the Philip pines would be to throw away our station in th new Pacific world, cheapen the value of Hawaiian annexation, and to decline the leading of the greatest opportunity ever put in the way of a modern people. Are we liereft of sense, that this unspeakable folly should even be proposed? The Portland Oregonian. No tradition of the United States has been violated in taking these steps. One of the tra ditions, in fact, has been that Hawaii must om day be annexed, and one of the oldest traditions of all governments forbids that successes won in battle shall be thrown away. The St. Louis Globe-Democrat. In d!scu35ing what disposal to make of the Philippines some of the President's advi-ers are said to favor keeping only a coaling station nn-1 giving back all the islands to Spain. What god sense is there in such a plan? What was the us? in sending Merritt and his army to Man'Ii? Where is the justice, either to the insurgents, or to Dewey's heroes, or to the American or Philip pine people? The proposition will not bear in spection, and the more closely it is looked at the more like a shameful blunder it appears. If this is all we are to have in the Philippines then Dewey's splendid victory might as well never have been won, for Spain could easily have been induced to yield so small a point merely by the pressure brought to bear in the West Indies. Indeed, it reduces the brilliant achieve ment of Manila Bay to the level of a cruel blund er almost a crime. Neither is there any good sense in the pro position to keep only Manila cr only the Wand of Luzon. We should thenceforth have in Spain a vindictive neighbor, ever on the watch to take us at a disadvantage or to place her parts at the dirosal of some hostile power. The Chicago Tribune. He Knew of It. (From the Chicago News.) Alice Do you know that your papa once pro posed to my mamma and was refused? Gcorgie Yes; I've heard him bragging about it a hundred times. More Expensive. (From ihc Chicago News.) Father What makes you think you can earn enough to support my daughter? Suitor Well, I've been engaged to her, for six. months. HASTENED THE END. The SpanlardM ThonRht Gen. Mile- Had Bronght Ite-enforcenieutH. One of ther civilians who went to Cuba during the truce at Santiago was Edwin R. Lamson, a Boston publisher, who In tends to write a book about what he saw. To the Boston Herald he said on his re turn: "We boarded the transports on tha 8th of July. The journey was of especial In terest to a Bostonian for the next day or so, chiefly from a study of our own regi ment, the Sixth, which met with the ut most praise from the officers on the Yala for their restraint and discipline during the trip, for they Were huddled on board without sufficient room, and were not ac customed to the hardtack and coffee, with now and then a little tomato soup thrown in for a change. "Among the privates you would find such men as a son of our ambassador to Italy, Gen. Draper, who since then has been made a lieutenant for bravery at the front; Mr. William T. Andrews, one of our Beacon Street residents; Cushman. who took a number of degrees at Har vard; Richardson, of Battery A; all these scattered In with colored men, the French Canadians and others. It was said that the men of the Sixth Massachusetts were the best controlled and showed tha most thorough discipline of all the troops that had been on board the Yale. "On board, the men were frequently kept busy learning the sights of their guns and the use of the different eleva tions. They were first given blank cart ridges, and then loaded ones, practicing: on the ocean waves. The raw recruiw plainly showed the need of practice In this line, but the men as a whole showed they had seen frequent practice with the pieces. The Sixth Massachusetts ranked very high as to their marksmanship. Sharpshooters' stars were frequently seen among the privates. Notwithstanding the fact that they were confined to close quarters and that the diet was not all that could be wished, to say the least the men as a whole were most cheerful, the one anxiety being to reach the front so as to have a share in the fighting. "As we passed San Salvador, where Columbus first landed, there was a rush to watch the small Islands as they ap peared in the sea. Cuba lay beyond ' and the first sight of the island caused a cheer as we rounded Cape MaysL We continued through the Windward Pas sage, and as we neared the Pearl of the Antilles the ever faithful isle appeared to us to her best advantage. "It was with an ever increasing inter est that we approached Guantanamo. Camp McCalla Is situated on a high hill, which lies just Inside the mouth of the harbor, being separated from the sea by a range of higher hills, whose peaks hide from view the camp until one has rounded the opposite side of the harbor. It was in this harbor that we saw, a week later, the formation of the expe dition to Porto Rico, and where at night we counted twenty warships, with their lights spangling the sky. "From Guantanamo we sailed to BrI quiri. and from Daiquiri to SIboney. But, to our complete satisfaction, before we reached Slboney we saw sudden bursts of smoke from our warships, and at oaee the report spread like wildfire that oar fleet was bombarding Santiago. Imme diately was al! excitement. Glasses were turned toward the semicircle about Mor ro. We learned afterward that we had seen the end of the bombardment. "It was signaled that re-enforcements had arrived, and that the Y'ale, Rita, Columbia and St. Paul had appeared In the harbor. The frequent shells from the warships In Santiago harbor started vibrations that must have been felt at Morro, and no doubt hastened the sur render. The warships had suecessfully secured the range, and the damage to the city would have been great If a truce hod not been requested. The obtaining of the range by the fleet, so that the place might be successfully bombarded, the fierce fighting of Shafter in the trenches, and the arrival of re-enforcements in the harbor, with the general of the army on board the Y'ale. had an undoubted influ ence on those who held the harbor and the city of Santiago." BAILEY SQUELCHED. How the Democrats of His Own State Threw Him Over. Tha Hon. Joe Bailey's resolutions against expansion were rudely smashed by the Texas Democratic Convention. Mr. Bailey is conscious of possessing re markable talents for leadership, and it must be a continuous surprise to him that so few persons will consent to follow him. New Y'ork Sun. No man was more ready to denounce the Republicans as tyrants and Imperial ists than he. He would not even allow them means to carry on the war. If he could help It, lest they should overthrow the liberties of thi3 country and plant the flag of oppression in Porto Rico and the Philippines. They saw a great future for the Democracy. It was a grand thing to bring on a war for the Republicans to manage and then blame them for acquiring the territories which the war naturally and Inevitably forced upon us. It was a beautiful scheme, pro vided the Democracy struck the antl imperlallstic keynote at the right mo ment, and Bailey wa3 sent to Texas to sound the loud timbrel. He did. and the response took him off his feet. He assem bled tho Democracy of Texas and read them a lecture on the sin of annexation, and asked them to take the pledge not to annex anything and to rebuko the wicked Republicans for their rank im perialism. The Democrats of Texas lis tened and when he had finished said: "What! If there is going to be any an nexing about here we want to do some of It ourselves. We were annexed once and we like It. Imperialism is Just in our line." So they told Bailey to go away and play, and they adopted resolutions in favor of tha acquisition of Porto Rico and any other outlying real estate which came handy The New Y'ork Tribune. The Texas Democrats are wiser than the recognized leader of the Democrats on tho floor of the House, young Mr. Bai ley, and the country will congratulate thorn on their emphatic repudiation of a narrow, opportunist and partisan policy. Mr. Bailey's persistent errorts during the late session to convert every national Issue into a source of political capital for his partv was not conspicuously suc cessful, his followers on more than one occasion resolutely declining to adopt his short-sighted tactics. He tried hard to secure a "Vindication" at home, and his failure is a crushing blow. The Chicago Evening Post. aientloned by 3IIIton. (From the New York Tribune.) The most Important thing about the late Mar quU de Mores, heir to the Italian dukedom of Vallombrosa, was that his ancestral name was mentioned in the poetry of John Milton. Ilia fast expedition to enlist Arab chieftains against Eng land in the Soudan was not completed, as fce was slain by his Touraeg guides when he vena hardlv started on his journey acro-s n dearft from " Tripoli. Some of those malefactor hav just confessed the crime, bringing the marquis' name again to public attention. The adventure on which he embarked showed more enterpfie than wisdom, and that was a feature of s much of his career as is known to the .puWIc IIU powers were not equal to the exertion ef any influence against England in her Soudanese campaign, as any person of sense or discretion could have told him. As it turned oat, they were not sufficient to protect him from the treachery of his guides. The eanfessing culprit are quite likely to be beheaded, th Preach authorities of Tripoli having charge of tht nut ter, and so the history of the restlesi Italian noble closes. The Spanish Prisoner. A swarthv Don was lying at Annipali, cne dayw On a cot'wherc many a sailor lad had whlled the time away. . And a comrade stood beside him, with a ptneit in his hand. Saying, "Have you any mes3ag8 for those in your native laadt" Yes," he answered; "tell my father, and my dear old mother, teo; Tell my sister and my brother, and another vou know who That "their Manuel fought nobly that he was among the last To be helped down by the Yankees from the mili tary mast Tell them all about my fighting; also, tell them I'm in luck. And enjoying jiut the greatest snap a dago ever stiuck." Chicago New. s'&i&lZ- uOA - .