Newspaper Page Text
THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 1898.
$fo 4ttt -tUORXIKG. EVENING AND SUNDAY.) - X THE TIMES COMPANY. tf ST1LSON HUTCHINS, President , it&SS, POBLICATIOS OFFICE. THE HUTCHINS BUILDING. Corner Tenth and D Streets Northwest EUBECBIPTIOS KATES. 'KOKTBI.T. T CABKIEBt Morning, Evening and Sunday. Fifty Cents Moralng and Sunday Thlrty-flve Cents Evening and Sunday Thlrty-flve Cents sr MAIL. One Year, Moraine, Evening andSnnday.-S5.50 Six Months, " " " " .. 3.00 Three Months, " " " " .. 1.73 One Year, Morning and Sunday 4.03 SixMonths, " - .25 Three Month, " " " 1-25 One Year, Evening and Sunday -O0 Six Months. w " " -S Three Months, - u L25 Stxaayonly. One Year '-03 Orders oy moil must be accompanied by cbscription price. TrtPrrnKc ( Editorial Booms m JSgg .Business Office 1010 X,C-BEB3- I Circulation Department 268 CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of THE TIMES for the ti-tck ended August 6, 1S98, was as follows: Sunday, July 31 -0,000 Monday, August l 51,29-1 Tuesday, August 2 50,545 Wednesday, August 3 f 0,961 Thursday, August 4 50,095 Friday, August 5 . ....... 10,091 Saturday, August 6 10,072 Total 223.05S Daily average (Sunday, 20,033, ex cepted) 0,509 THE TIMES, in all its editions Morning. Even ing end Sunday, trill be mailed to one address fcr FIFTY CENTS per month. Addresses changed u often as desired. Headers ol The Tiroes who may at any time be nnable to procure copies ol it at any news stand or railroad Elation or on railroad trains, will confer a favor upon the management by sending to this office information of the fact. Communications intended for puDlication in The Times should be tersely and plainly written, and must in all cases be accompanied by the same and address of the writer. Itejccted com munications will not be preserved, u.d enly man uscripts cf obtious importance will b; ti-turnrd to their authors. FRIDAY. AUGUST 12, 1S9S. Ik It Peace "With Honor i According to information received direct from Madrid, it appears that the text of the protocol provisionally agreed upon between the State Derart ment and M. Cambon, acting: for Spa n, was considered at a meeting of the Sagasta cabinet last night, and its ac ceptance decided upon ivithout reser vation. "We are also advised that, thereupon, the Spanish minister of for eign affairs sent a cable message to the French embassy in Washington, empowering M. Cambon to sign the protocol. As our dispatches state that the first article of the document refers to an armistice, we presume that a .proclamation declaring a suspension of hostilities -will be issued by Presi dent McKinley come time today, and probably soon after the regular Cab inet meeting this morning. Doubtless, before tonight, orders will be sent to Generals Miles and Shafter in the 'West Indies, and to Admiral Dewey and Gen. Merritt at Manila, in structing them to stop aggressive mili tary operations. It is also probable that we shall be able to hear someth'ng approximately definite concerning the composition of the peace commission during the day. All good people will be glad to see peace restored, if that can be dona con sistently "with American interests and honor. "Whether the present situation promises such a satisfactory solution, or not, can be better judged when the full language of the protocol has been , published. The country will be de lighted, if it can lie assured that there is a settled determination on the part of the Administration, as there cer tainly is on that of the American peo ple, to hold, civilize and develop the entire Philippine archipelago. Since the terms and conditions imposed by Mr. McKinley, as negotiator for the United States, appear to have been submitted to at least ad referendum by the Spanish government, there does not appear to be any sufficient reason why he should not now inform the nation as to their true intent and meaning. 3V was a grave responsibility -which President McKinley assumed when, unwillingly, but no doubt loyally, he acceded to the universal demand of his people and proceeded to lead them in war. It is even a greater personal responsibility he now takes upon him self, in acting as the chief factor In a treaty of peace. To him the whole country looks to safeguard its inter ests in the new empire which has come into American control and possession by the fortune of war. In him it hopes to find a stern, unyielding patriot, cap able of withstanding the great and malign, influences that have joined hands and made common cause in a. conspiracy to secure a return of the Philippine Islands to Spain, either di rectly, or under cover of some artful contrivance of deep diplomacy. For the second time within this calendar year "William McKinley has the oppor tunity o almost unexampled great ness presented to him. 3VHI he rise to the grand possibilities of the occasion? If he can, he will not only have the support, but win the ad miratloiiland gratitude of this genera tion of freemen, and live in h'story as one of the world's truly -great .men and rulers; The people are rather reluctant to turn from 'the exciting subject of war to the grind of party politics, which, like the poor, is with us always, save when a national emergency suspends hostilities and draws all loyal Ameri cans together in a common purpose to serve the nation. The superlative dictator of Republican politics is the first to announce the issues his party will urge in the next campaign. The chief of these, says Senator Haana, will be the war. It would puzzle a very fair intellect to know just what war question can be forced on the parties. It is not within the power of Senator Hanna to hypnotize the American people into the belief that the Republican party has alcne insti tuted and carried on the confi'cL The Administration is Republican, and the party is entitled to the credit of any thing good the President may have done in prosecuting the war. but it will not be forgotten that but for the re lentless agitation by Democrats, re luctance to respond to the popular clamor might have continued, and a further attempt made to overlook the crimes of Spain in Cuba, if not to en courage them in the interests of the sugar and bond syndicates. It will not be forgotten that first among the men to respond to the call for soldiers were Democrats. The greater part of the thousands who were enl'sted in the Southern States were Democrats, as were many of the volunteers in the other sections. If Senator Hanna really means to claim that his party is entitled to all the glory of the American triumph, the obvious insincerity of such an issue and the dishonesty of the claim must defeat his purpose. It is equally im practicable for the Republ.cans to de mand exclusive credit for the policy of territorial expansion, on which promi nent members of both parties are di vided, beginning with the annexation of Hawaii. The Republican dictator has spoken too Ljon. It is reasonable to suppose he would like to exclude from future campaigns the money 'ssue en wh'ch the public has been receiving light, but so far there is nothing growing out Of the war that will serve to overshadow that or the question of the evils of Re publican legislation. Fortunately the great body of Democrats will not per m!t the rival party to stand alna for the abandonment of the pol'cy cf na tional isolation and reaction. Breaking away from the leaders who wculd con fer en the Republicans the prcud dis tinction of being the only advocates of a larger national life, they take ev.ry occasion to announce their approval of "imperial" expansion, while the Re publican leaders are by no means unit ed on the subject. The issues will shape themselves, in spite of the anxiety of Senator Hanna. but It is plain now that nothing can force the Democracy to abandon the leading one in the struggle of 1896. An AdiniiiJntrntion Defiance. Nothing has happened since Mr. Mc Kinley's "nauguration on March 4, 1897, so unhappily calculated to forfeit pub lic confidence in his conceptions of jus tice and fair play 3s his action, yes terday, in discriminating against Com modore Schley and in favor of Commo dore Sampson, when he gave ad in terim commissions as additional rear admirals to those officers. If the merit and services of the two had been equal, it still would have been an inexcusable violation of naval ethics to promote the junior commo dore over his superior in present rank. As it is, the affront to Commo dore Schley, the service and the coun try has all the appearance of a cold blooded and premed'tated outrage. It is the culmlnat'on cf a mest de plorable persecution and scandal, in the history of which there is about an equal division of shame be-ween the influence guilty of disgraceful favorit ism and xlefiance of public deccncy, and the beneficiary of these offenses. If there had been the least disposition in either to do the square and manly thing all this trouble, which is by no means over, might have been avoided. In other words, if, after the battle of the third of July, Sampson had coma out like a gallant gentleman and, while regretting the fate that kept him from the scene of action, acknowledged the fact, and conceded the honors cf the victory to the victor, the whole nation would have called him a generous, no ble fellow and insisted upon his shar ing the credit and the cash. That he took a diametrically opposite course, not only created all the indig nation properly consequent upon so grave a departure from American ideals of propriety, hut served to resur rect other matters which might well have been forgotten in admiration for an exhibition of self repressing manli ness. The President and Secretary Long have-elected to ignore the truth of the case and the commonest principles of justice in acting In despite of it That they have assumed to do so in the face of a resentful public sentiment of which they cannot be without notice suggests that there may be something behind the matter which has not yet appeared, and .which at present can only be vaguely conjectured. Is Samp son's hold upon the Administration only that of a favorite in whose behalf other and better men naturally are set aside, or has he at some time per formed confidential service the nature of which gives -him a claim incon venient to disregard? Sampson was not present at the naval battle of July third. If it had resulted in disaster instead of victory, he was in a position to and would have denied responsibility; because he had formally turned over the com mand of the fleet to Commodore Schley before leaving. Yet, immediately after Cerveras surrender, he ran under forc ed draught to the nearest cable station to claim the honors. They -have been accorded to him by the President and Sect tary of the Navy. The American people spurn that action, and demand that justice shall be done to "Winfield Scott Schley, the actual conqueror. It is a straight - issue between the Administration and the public, and one which will be tried before- Congress. It will then be seen whether the popular sense of Justice and decency, or of ficial determination not to let anything escape the kitchen clique" will be the more potent with the imperial au thority cf the United States. An Unanswered QuvNtlon, The- question is still being asked, at home and abroad: "Why.Uid Mr. Mc Kinley's eace conditions leave Spain without option as to Cuba and Porto .Rico, and, at the same time, gratui tously submit our rights and position in the Philippines to the.decsion of a future peace commission?" It would be easy enough to answer that question if it could be as sumed with sufficient politeness that the conditions were those of Mr. Edmunds and rot bt the President Anybody with or'airfary knowledge of current affairs, and at all fa miliar with the ex-senator's class of clientele, could have fold in advance that peace terms which could he con sidered Edmunds terms would certain ly and inevitably provide a wide open back door for Spain to sneak through into control of the Philippines again. It is less easy to understand' why Mr. McKinley should have cons.nted to such a free gift, for it is so regarded in the diplomatic world. To say the least there is an apparent inconsist ency between that Philippine conces sion and the attitude now declared to be the President's on the question of holding the islands. One of his press admirers has gone the length of say ing that, with the exception of Day, he will not think of appointing any man as a member of a peace commis sion who is not fully in favor of hold ing every square inch of the archi pelago. Perhaps, though, the inconsistency is apparent rather than real. According to the statements made as to the com position of the proposed tribunal. Day and the Spaniards, not counting Father Merry del Val, the Vatican representa tive, would amount to a majority, and that is all Sagasta, Rothschild, Ram polla, Edmunds or Havemeyer could ask. So, we observe that there is still a great deal of mystery about the way that open door came to be provided in the peace conditions to Spain. There are other questions, like that of the Spanish-Cuban debt, which are com ing to be askedr(atherf pertinently, as the daily mail of" Washington and New York editors will prove, and they will have to be answered in some shape or other before long, perhaps. But just now the leading query is: "For what purpose, and in consideration of what inducement did Mr. McKinley writs his note to Spain in such terms as to justify the opinion that he meant to surrender the Philippine Islands?" Judging from Mr. Balfour's conserva tive remarks in the House of Commons on Great Britain's Eastern policy, the probability of a break between the Britah and Russian governments is not as great as it has seemed to bo for sev eral days. The mouthpiece of Lord Sal isbury's ministry frankly admits that a revival of England's old position of ex clusive influence in China is not to be expected; nor is it practicable or desira ble to prevent, expansion of .theinfluence I of other commercial arid mill hi ry pow-ii . . .,. .' ruj-. ' . . . era in me urienu "ji sar;aiiour rainy expresses the present attitude of his country with regard to the continental nations it would seem that a modus Vi vendi oven with Russia might be at tained without- much difficulty.. One of those speeches dubbed by the late lamented Du Maurler "Things which one would rather have, -left unsaid" was heard at a dinner party given to Admi ral Cervera. A lady asked the admiral, without thinking of the-possible infer ence, "What were you most struck with in the handling of the American ships?" But the old Spaniard was equal to the occasion, and replied with the gravity of a deacon, "We were all most struck by the eight-inch shells." The thing that is most needed in the army, according to the Southern press, is the assurance timC'the Immune regi ments raised in that section are really immune. The gallantry of Mayor Van Wyck in rescuing three young women from drowning not long ago seems to have started a movement to land him in the governor's chair. In the last fifteen or twenty years there has been some con siderable talk about "muscular Chris tianity," but this Is the first time that we have heard of muscular politics. New York is premature in making ar rangements for a grand review of re turning soldiers. When the war is over, all the troops that come from Porto Rico and Cuba should he brought to the Na tional Capital and inarched in review before the President, who is the Commander-in-chief. Let Vh Remain There. (Capt. Crowinshicld, in the Independsnt. The near future must, I believe, be for us as a nation a time of general spreading out. There must be a,, enlargement of trade and commere;, which follows boldly alone; in the path of civiliza tion a development which is strongly shadowed forth in this one cf the few 3 cars that remain of our uauing century. Let us remember the words of a well-known and progressive statesman, who says that in these latter das "the nation which stands still remains behind." There are few countries whose .statesmen are net anxious to establish coaling stations and trade center in the lands to the west of us. We arc in the van for once, thanls to Dewey's bold stroke at Ma nila. Let us remain there. All a Joke. (From the Kansas City Journal.) The Miss De Lesdenier who is reported to be organizing a regiment of "lady rough riders" in Oklahoma, is the great-granddaughter of an offi cer under Napoleon, lie called himielf "The Last Call" (de les denier) because he was a very joung man when Xapoleon called him into serv ice. An Oklahoma paper assures us that Miss De Lesdenier started her lady rough riders as a joke. She is rotcd as the most beautiful woman in the Territory. Sword and Bible. (From the ?ew York Commercial Advert! er.) Hev. Jchn B. Palmer, of Texas, is enlisting the Sunday-schools of that State in a plan to buy Capt. l'Jiilip, of the Texas, a sword and Bib'c. Mr. Talmcr suggests that in each of the Sunday, schools in the State Sunday, August 14, he designated for making the collection to be taken for the purpose of buying the Bible and swo d. It is not expected that any child should give over five cents. Mr. Palmer has consented to take charge of the remittances. I'crliniiH Burled. (From the New Yok Tribune.) A Topeka boy with the army at Santiago has written to his home iolks as follows: "I have received the paper which sa3s I was killed and am buried in Cuba. I am not feeling so doggedly lively in this hct hole, but still I 3m inclined to disbelieve the report. In fact, 1 am pretty cer tain that I am alive, but not so sure about not being buried. It looks mightily like a graveyard around here." FATAL FORGETFULNESS, The Jlihusc or Neglect of Life Bell In Ocean DltmatcrH. The forgetfulncss of people In a great emergency has had many illustrations. In the fire that destroyed the Newhall House at Milwaukee a-mlddle aged man and his wife leaped from the window of their room and were killed by the fall, although 1 ght at h.rrl w.h a fire csoa"e. Thev had often told their friends that in case of fire they could easily go down this es cape, but at the moment it was needed it was forgotten. The same happens in the matter of life preservers at sea. The Westminster Gazette commenting on the Bourgogno horror, says that many pas sengers forgoSltho belts and others "al lowed them toj slip down to their legs, with the result that their heads were, forced under, the water. In reference to this melancnoiy incident, a representative of tho gazette had a conversation with Mr. I DllTdin, the secretary' of the National Lifeboat Institution. Mr. Dib dln stated that the life-belt must be se cured firrrily to tho body, or it was very likely to slip drjwn to the legs. And when this had occurred tho life-belt must be got rid ot as 'quickly as possible, or it would force tho head of the strongest swimmer under the water. If. however, the belt Is confined very closely round the body, the pressure materially af fects the 'free-action of the lungs, and Impedes the muscular movement of the chest and arms. "In the case of life-boat men, who al ways undergo tholr severe exertions- with life-belts around them, this matter is of great Importance. To meet this difficulty, the National Lifeboat institution has con structed a belt in two zones, an upper and a lower. Between these two zones is a leather girdle, exerting the same pressure on tho body as a cricket or mountaineering belt, which suffices to keep the whole life-belt in position with out greatly Interfering with respiration or muscular movement. For the good lady who during every night of a voyage to Australia insisted on wearing her life belt, 'for fear of a wreck.' such freedom as this would be a considerable boon. It is stated to be a common thing for peo ple in the excitement or shipwreck to leavo their life-belts behind them In their mad rush for the deck. While this re mains the case, even tho ingenious belt of the National Lifeboat Institution will be of no avail. "In connection with the question of life-belts, a correspondent writes: 'On a never-to-be-forgotten night in the middle of the Indian Ocean one of those still and stilling nights of the tropics, when the sea looks like glnss and every hatch way and scuttle of a ship is open to the heavy air an Indian steamer was plowing its way toward the we-st. Down below the passengers were tossing in their bunks, and Indolently on the bridge officers were navigating In cricket flannels; while, in all the clear night no vessel's light could bo descried; nor any sound heard but the great throbbing of the erTgine and the ripple of the sea. Then suddenly In the path of this ship a terrible danger appeared. Just ahead of hor, without a warning, the ocean opened, the ship fell Into the gulf, and tho waters covered her. From stem to stern the ship trembled; a mighty flood poured into the cabins; for a moment there was a great struggle with the sea; but then, with a bound, the vessel came again to the surface. " 'There were wild screams from mothers and children: there was a mad rush made up the gangway: and then, like frightened sheep, the passengers were gathered on the deck having pass ed safely through the midst of a "sea quake." But the curious thing is, they had all left their life-belts behind. These were still hanging uselessly below. And herein lies a problem: How is people's forgetfullness to be dealt with? "Keep all the belts on the deck," is a natural answer. And, though COO Is a .large num ber to'havte hanging round thohulwarks, yet it would seem that either this must be done or elso we must decide that those who cannot remember to save themselves had,better not be saved.' " lA T-OBD'S LIFE. The British. Premier Served tut a Jdurnalikt. A Frenchmatronce said that journalism leads to anything If you quit It early enough. There. is the chief trouble. It is as hard to quit as the stage. Still, many of tho world's reat men. especially many prominent Frenchmen, have had an expe rience in newspaper work. A review of a recent work in the St. James Gazette says: "The chapter on Lord Salisbury gives some details of the premier's early life that we have not seen In print be fore. It was vaguely known that, after leaving Oxford, and artcr a turn at the Australian gold diggings, young Robert Cecil wrote articles for the Quarterly and for the Saturday, but it is not generally known that he was a regular leader writer for the Standard. This was under the editorship of Capt. Hamber, a well known figure In Fleet Street In the last generation, and it is, no doubt, on Ham ber's authority that Mr. Escott tells the story: "Among Robert Cecil's, contemporaries at Oxford, though not at the same col lege, had been one Thomas Hamber, of Oriel. A friend of Hamber's father had recently bought at a bargain the sister newspaper properties of the Morning Her ald and the Standard. Hamber had by this time settled down from his wan derings, and had been installed by his father's friend in the editorship not on ly of the struggling Standard, but of the well-established Morning Herald. Leader, writers of Lord Robert Cecil's caliber and varied acquirements and experiences, not common even today, were quite un known on the London press then. The acquaintance with life, the knowledge of tho way in which history Is made, the insight Into tho motives of the men who makoit these even more than their in cisive" diction wero the qualities which made Lord Robert Cecil's articles valu able. They largely helped to make the paper in which he wrote. At all the in ternational crises during the Palmer stonlan era, especially the years 185G-57, and the domestic and foreign consequences- arising out of the Eastern war, the Indian mutiny, or out of the events contemporary with them, Lord Robert Cecil's pen was almost daily employed on the newspaper which then, as now, Issued from Shoe Lane. Thither to Interview his editor, with respect to the topic for daily treatment, Robert Cecil from his Picca dilly chambers used regularly to go. "Nor were Lord Robert Cecil's expe riences as a hardworking journalist con fined to Shoe Lane. He wrote also on the old Morning Chronicle, and above all on the Saturday Review, on which he had as colleagues, besides many other bril liant young men waiting for fame, Mr. Vernon Harcourt and Mr. John Morloy. Readers of Sir Theodore Martin's 'Life of the Prince Consort' will recollect that at one time the 'prince was much exercised about the 'abominable anti-Prussian ar ticles' of the Times, and writing to his daughter, now tho Empress Frederic, he commends, .as. a. .corrective, the attentive perusal of two articles In one number of the Saturday Review, th$ -at on the Times and Prussia, and th nd on a dispatch ofsLord John Rus,y, 'Both, says the prince, 'are admirably written, and deserve tobe translated into Ger man.' Mr. 'jiEscatt informs us that the one was written by Lord Salisbury and tho other by Sir'William Harcourt. Truly there, were ian'ti in Fleet Street in those days." " oi RICHARD IS HIMSELF AGAIN. 3Ir-. CroUcr Receive CnlKern mid UlncuHHex State Politics. Saratoga, N. Y.. Aug. 11. Rlchanl Cro ker's time was taken up today receiving silver Democrats from -the" eastern and western counties of the State, who have been especially active of late. The first delegation was from Roches ter, and' was headed by James IT, Nolan, of that city. Mr. Nolan announced to Mr. Croker ithat he was secretary of the con-, ference, made up of forty-two representa tive sliver Democrats, held in Rochester on Tuesday. In that conference, Mr. No lan went qn,tp say, fifteen counties were renreaentedj Mr." Nolan then handed to Mr". Croker a copy of a resolution, which readsjj' iRfesolvedVe affirm our belief in and ad. fur-once to the principles of the Democrat Idjdixfe as enunciated in tho platform of the' TUHX""bemOcratlc convention, held In Chlcigo- m, 189C, and we hereby demand the reafllrmance of said platform by the next State convention, and we do hereby pledge ourselves to use our Influence at the coming State convention to have the principles of &aid platform reaffirmed in the platform of said State convention and to further use our influence to nominate candidates for State offices who were and are in full and active sympathy there with." Mr. Croker read the resolution and his face had a grim smile as he turned to Mr. Nolan and said that he did not see why the silver Democrats at their conference in Rochester had deemed it necessary to hiss his name, as it had been currently reported. - Mr. Croker went on to say that, al though absent In Europe during the Bry an campaign of 1S36, he had cabled to Tammany Hail to stand fast and solid by the platform and candidates of the Chicago convention. Mr. Nolan denied that the names of Croker, Murphy or Hill had been hissed in the conference. Mr. Nolain did say that "the members of tho conference were opposed to the leadership of Mr. Hill, and so expressed themselves." The next delegation of silver Democrats to call on Mr. Croker at the Grand Union was headed by Calvin E. Keach, of Lansingburg, and represented the sil ver Democrats of twelve of the Eastern counties. They had a similar resolution, but with this addition: "We will not give our support to any candidate at this Au tumn's election who did not support the regular Democratic platform in 1S9G, or who is not in sympathy with the Chi cago platform." Senator Gorman arrived here tonight for his annual sojourn at the Springs. BLAND LOSES HIS FIGHT. Stone Men .Ar Nominated, nnd a Storie PI11 (form-Adopted. Spnlngiip'd, Mo., Aug. B. The Demo cratic .Utq, convention adjourned sine die tonight. ,W. T. Cavlngton was nomi nated for superintendent of public in struction, and William E. McCally, rail road commissioner. Both are Stone men. The Stone platform was adopted, the Bland men having gone home in disgust. After a declaration of the principles em bodied in the Chicago platform, the reso lutions say: "We assert that the declaration of war against Spain was justified by the causes which called it forth. "We direct attention to the fact that the national Republican Administration, backed by the Republic an majority in Congress, was opposed to war and yielded only after long delay to strong public sentiment, aroused by the first and persistent demands of the Dem ocratic senators and representatives. Confident that the war could have been prosecuted to a successful and speedy end without increasing the interest-bearing debt of -the people, we de nounce the issue of millions of bonds as both unwise and unnecessary, as the ex pense of the war could have been met by the coinage of the seigniorage In the Treasury and the issuance of non-Inter-est-paying Treasury notes. "We are opposed to waging war for conquest, but as this war was forced on us by the intolerant conduct of the Span ish government and people we declare .that it should be prosecuted until Spain Is driven from the Western Hemisphere. "And since the prosecution of the war has entailed great loss to us of both life and treasure we demand that Porto Rico and all Spanish territory In the West In dies, except Cuba, shall be seized by the United States or be taken possession of and held under the sovereignty of this country. "We favor carrying out In good faith the resolution of Congress under which wo intervened in Cuba and aiding the Cubans to establish and maintain an in dependent government of their own, If they desire this, and we will favor its peaceful annexation whenever it can be done with the consent of the people of the island. We are opposed to the acqui sition of the Philippines or other terri tory in tho Eastern Hemisphere. We de clare that as an important incident to war our Government should acquire all nocessary harbors and coaling stations in tho Philippines or elsewhere, and that the treaty of peace with Spain or any gov ernment established on the islands should guarantee tb us commercial privileges equal to or superior to those enjoyed by any other nation. "The Nicaragua canal should be con structed and controlled, by the United States." A DISINFECTION" PLANT. It Is to Be Constructed at SnntinKO by Dr. Cnrter. New Orleans, Aug. 11. Dr. H. R. Car ter, who represents the United States Ma rine Hospital Service in the New Or leans district, has received orders from Surgeon General Wyman to proceed to Santiago and construct a complete disin fection plant. Tho niedical officers who occupy the army transports have been furnished with the outfits necessary for disinfecting work, and steam chambers, boilers, sul phur furnaces, formaldehyde generators and a large quantity of disinfecting ma terial have been forwarded to the med ical officers stationed at Santiago. Dr. Carter will leave for Cuba on the the return trip of the transport Berlin. Dr. Maxime Landry has been detailed as inspector on the Berlin and will accom pany Dr. Carter to Santiago. Inspectors will be selected by Dr. Carter from tho ranks of the medical profession of Now Orleans. CHEEKS FOE. COLORED TROOPS. The Eleventh Illinois on Its War to Santiago, New York. Aug. 11. After ovations re ceived at every stop along the route, the Eighth Illinois Regiment of colored vol unteers, In command of Col. Marshall, ar rived at the Communipaw Station this morning. They were later transferred on lighters to the pier of the American Line, where tho auxiliary cruiser Yale was in readiness to take them to San tiago. The negro regiment was one if the strongest In point of numbers which has as yet been sent to the front, numbering 1,430 men, including officers. All the men are completely equipped. Slow. (From Life.) Philadelphian (at a 'New York fire) I wonder why it is our fire engines have only two horses, while yours have three? New Yorker Oh, Philadelphia fires do not bum as fast as ours do. SUBMARINE NAVIGATION. The Inventor of (lie Argonaut Is ANHured. of Km Succcnk. Baltimore, Aug. 11. Simon Lake's sub marine boat Argonaut has returned to Baltimore after an cxperimen'.al trip of two -months down the bay. The object of the trip was to show the practicabil ity of submarine boats of the Lake type for various purposes, and Mr. Lake went along to pu: the vessel through various maneuvers for making a series of tests and to study the varying conditions of the bottom. He is entirely satisfied that submarine navigation Is now an assured success. During this trip the Argonaut traveled considerably over l.COO miles under her own power on the surface of the water, in all kinds of weather, likewise on all sorts of bottoms. She traveled while submurged over bottoms so soft that .ho divers would sink into the mud above their knees. At Hampton Roads the currents were very strong and the bottom quite rousU and hilly. In other places the bottom was composed of very loose gravel resembling shelled corn. On another trip about five miles outside of Cape Henry on the bot tom of the broad Atlantic was found an ideal bottom. It is composed of line, gray sand, so hard that one could nardly push a nshlng spear down into IL It is considered remarkable that a new type of craft like the Argonaut should have made such a long trip on her maid en voyage without mishap of any conse quence. Nothing occurred on the entire trip but was readily remedied by the crew. Several wrecks were investigated dur ing the trip, of which there are many In Chesapeake Bay, but they were principal ly coal-laden craft and of no great value. With proper wreckage equipment the coal would pay handsomely for Its recovery. One sunken vessel which was boarded had about 2,000 tons of coal aboard and also some valuable ma chinery. The crew discovered some tim bers of a vessel said to have been sunk forty years ago at the mouth of the Pa tuxent River, Some experiments were also made In cable finding. Mr.Lake decided to lay a cable across the channel leading into the Paituxent River. The boat was sub merged and ran across and hauled the cable Into the diver's compartment with a hook about four and a half feet long. Mr. Lake said there is no doubt that sub marine vessels of this type could have been built that would have enabled naval officers to enter the harbor of Santiago without fear of mines, and the siege and blockade, instead of hanging on for the time it did, would, he thinks, have been over much sooner and would have saved millions of dollars and many lives. The Argonaut also proved its capabili ty for cutting mine cables. Mr. Lake says the present system of protecting en trances to ports must become obsolete. The Argonaut was not built as a subma rine torpedo boat or cable cutter, and has not the surface speed nor the desira ble equipment for this work. He added: "While at Hampton Roads we were -visited by several naval officers, two of whom had been engaged in cable cutting In Cuban waters and who expressed them selves after Inspecting the Argonaut as believing that vessels of this type were just the thing for cutting cables and destroying mine fields." A TIE ON THE TRACK. An Attempt to Wreck an Krle Pas nenger Train. Blnghamton, N. Y Aug. 11. An at tempt was made to wreck Erie passen ger train No. 11 last night near Big Flats. The train left here at 7:15 and was run ning at a great rate of speed. When near Big Flats the engineer saw some thing on the track. He applied the air brakes and brought the train to a stop, but not until it had struck the object, which proved to be a tie wedged tightly between the rails. It became fastened under tho locomotive and required about two hours and a half to remove it. None of the passengers was Injured be yond a bad fright caused by the sudden application of the air brakes. The object of the attempt is unknown, but it is thought to be the work of tramps who hoped to loot the killed and wound ed passengers. The obstruction was placed In such a manner as to leave no doubt of an attempt to wreck the train. FATAL SHOOTING- AFFAIR. Three Men Dead nnd One "Woman Dying nt Centinl City. Deadwood, S. D., Aug. 11. Three znen are dead and one woman is probably fa tally injured as a result of a shooting af fair at Central City this morning." The trouble arose over supposed im proper intimacy between Mrs. Ed Shan non and Judge W. W. Giddlngs. The Shannons keep a hotel and this morning Shannon put his many threats into ef fect Jack Weir, a disinteiested party, at tempted to separate Shannon and .Judge Giddings and was accidentally shot in the abdomen, dying almost instantly. Shan non shot the judge in the breast and cheek, death being instantaneous. The husband then went to his wife's bedroom and beat her over the head with his re volver. She has a slight chance of re covery. Shannon next returned to the hotel of fice and over the dead "body of Judge Giddings he shot himself twice through the breast and died in twenty minutes y e THE DOLPHIN AT SEA. She Han Undergone Repairs at the Xorfolk avy Tnril, Norfolk, Aug. 11. The U. S. S. Dol phin passed out of the capes this morn ing. She has been undergoing repairs at the navy yard, her prow having recently been badly twisted when she was In col lision with the cruiser Newark In Cu ban waters. The wrecking barge and two pontoons passed out the capes this morning for Cuba. The other two pontoons which sprung a leak and were towed back here, are being calked and will follow later. MAYOR FOUGHT SHOT. He Is Too AVcnk to GIe an Account of the Affair. Carlisle, Pa., Aug. ll.-OIayor William Fought was this morning shot through the body, the bullet 'grazing the heart, jnassing through a lung and lodging in the back. The revolver was the property of Chief of Police Shelter, who had left it in a drawer at the police station. Two cham hers of the revolver were empty. Mayor Fought is at present to weak to give an account of the shooting. m Bear Admiral Howell. (From the New York Evening Post.) Commodore John A. llcwell. who has fust been promoted to the rank of rear-admiral, is the inventor of a sclf-propilling torpedo that differs in several respects from the Whitehead. The chief novelty of thi American system relates to the mode of driving the screw. Whitehead stored compressed air in a chamber in his torpedo, an.1 pljc-d in an adjoining compartment a sma'l eniia: which should be operated thereby at the right juncture. Howell employs a heavy flywheel, which is rd in rapid revolution, just licfore the torpedo is launched, by connecting its projecting axle with a steam engine that entirely inde pendent of the torpedo. The Hon ell system has been improved since it was fir:t patented in 13M, and it has been extensively Used in the United States navy. IMMIGRATION LAWS EVADED. Proitcrllied Forever Come- Into the btnte.H Prom Canada. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Spaulding and Commissioner of Immigra tion Powderly will leave for Boston to day for a tour of Inspection, of cuatoma porta on the Atlantic coa3t and the Can- adianJtborder, -between the Great Lakes J and the eastern provinces with a view to suggesting a remedy for an evasion of the United States immigration laws, which, unless overcome, threatens to grow into a great evil. Incidentally their conclusions may be come one of the questions to be consid ered by the Canadian-American commis sion, which Is to meet in Quebec on the 23d instant. Immigration inspectors have discovered In New York and other Eastern eitfes numbers of foreigners who were evident ly among the classes proscribed by the immigration laws, and. upon inquiry, it was learned from some of them that they came Into the United States by way of Canada. Further Investigation devel oped the fact that. In some instances, at least, they had been denied admission at an American port, and sent baok to Eu rope. Returning, they came by a Cana dian line, and, having learned enough to say they intended to remain in Canada, were admitted, and later found their way across the border. It is not generally known that by an arrangement made in 1S03. by Commis sioner Stump, with the Canadian steam ship lines. United States immigration In spectors are stationed at the arriving ports In Canada, who examme all immi grants and collect from - e steamship companies the head tax on alt who say they are bound for the United Stales, or who come across the border within thlrty days after landing in Canada, Thla. ar rangement was sought by the Canadian steamship men as an inducement to emi gration, and has been acquiesced in by the Canadian government, which, bow ever, has not formally approved It. While the United States Inspactflrs make as rigid an examination as possi ble, and are aided by the steamship au thorities, still when an immigrant says he Is not going Into the United States the matter ends as far as they are concerned, and the tracing of those who cjate sur reptiously into the United States is al most hopeless. The officials in "Washington are of the opinion that much of the illicit immigra tion via. Canada could be stopped if tha force of inspectors that was dismissed at I the beginning of the present administra tion was replaced. Their duties were devolved upon the collectors of customs, but they cannot. It Is said, efficiently ex ecute the law -with their present force. Some of the places so abolished, whieh were all under the civil service law. have been filled by the appointment of inspsc tors stationed on the other side of the border line, where the civil service law does net eonrtol. The quesJon of harmonious immigra tion laws for the two countries' Is on thai; will engage the attention of tha commission at Quebec as the result at the investigation by Messrs. Spauldinc and Powderly. TROOPS AT CmCTTATVTAUGA. Field Bay Appointed for the- Sol dier in Cnmp. Chattanooga. Tenn., Aug. 11. Gen. Breckenridge has Issued orders for a field day. the third Saturday of each month. On that day no military duties will be required of the soldiers, and they will be allowed to amuse themselves as they see fit. The Secretary of War has di rected Gen. Breckenridge to send one di vision, of his army to Lexington. Ky. and another to Knoxville, Tenn. Following are the regiments of the two divisions that are to change camps: Second Division Thirty-first Michigan, First Georgia; Sixth Ohio, One Hundred and Fifty-eighth Indiana, First West Vir ginia. Second Ohio. First Pennsylvania, Fourteenth Minnesota. Third Division Twelfth Minnesota, Fifth Pennsylvania. Eighth Massachu setts, Twenty-first Kansas. Twelfth Nevt York, Ninth Pennsylvania. Second Mis souri, First New Hampshire. The following troops will be left tc constitute Gen. Breckenridge's commune at Camp Thomas: Third Corps, First Divisions-Fourteenth New York. First Missouri, Second Nebras ka. Eighth United States Volunteers, Third Tennessee. First Vermont, Eighth Xew York. Second Division, Third Corps Second Kentucky, Ninth New York. First Arkansas. Fifth Missouri, Second Arkansas, First Maine, Fifty-second Iowa, First Mississippi. Detached from the First Corps Third Volunteer United States Cavalry, First Illinois Cavalry, First Kentucky Cav alry, squadron and the light artillery brigade. Gen. Breckenridge has invited President McKinley and Secretary of War Alger to visit Chickamauga Park and review the army before it is divided up and sep arated. THE BAY STATE GAS CASE. Franlc C. Jonen Wnnti the Deed of Trutt Set Aside. YYilmlngton. Del.. Aug. IL Frank C Jones. of New York, has entered suit In the United States Court here against the Bay State Gas Company, of Dela ware. J. Edward Addlcks, president: the Mercantile Trusx Company, of Ndw York. the Bay State Gas Company, of New Jersey, Henry M. Whitney. Richard OI ney. A. H. Iaget. and other trustees of the New England Gas and Coke Company, and others, to set aside a deed of trust. made on November 1. 1SK. giving to Hen ry H. Rogers. John G. Moore, and Frank AV. Whi-ridge 10,000 shares of the Bay State Gas Company, of. New Jersey, held by the Bay State Gas Company, in Dela ware. The New Jerse.y company controls tha stock of the Boston Gas Light Company, the South Bosum Gas Light Company, the Roxbury Gas Light Coraptny. and the Bay State Gas Company, of Massa chusetts, and as tde Delaware company controlled all of the stock of- the New Jersey company is practically controlled the Massachusetts corporations and vot ed thsir stock. By the deed of trust made by Addicks to the Messrs. Rogers. Mocre & Whit ridge, it gave the three the right to demand of the Mercantile Trust Compa ny, which held the stock of the Massa chusetts corporations as trustees, proxies to vote the stock of tho companies, which they demanded and secured. By such proxies the Messrs. Rogers. Moore & Whltridge, so it Is claimed, have made a deal with the New Ensland Gas and Coke Company to sell to all the Massa chusetts corporations gas at 20 cents per 1.CQ0 feet for forty years, thus render Cng useless the valuable manufacturing plans of 1'ie other companies. Mr. Jones asks that the deed of trust be set aside, and that the Delaware Comoa ny again be placed in control. A Very Pertinent Qm-ry. To the Editor of The Times: The present propension of the Republican bV mctallists is 22 to 1. Would that be any mere stable than 10 to 1? Why undertake to eitabWsa or maintain any ratio? A simple enactment, malting- all dsbts payable half in gold and "half in silver, would remedy the crime oi 1573 and restore prosperity. W. II. BUnR. Xew Ivlnd of Poet. (Frcrn the Charlestown (W. Va.) PreJs.) An open-air poet and humorist, Misa Anne Vir ginia Culbertson, will give an entertainment at the Parish House August 9, at 8 p. m. AH who want to spend a pleasant evening and help the "Children of the King," come with ca and 25 cents. - .