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THE TIMES. WASH1NGTQN. TUESDAY. AUGUST 30. 1898.
,tsc &imm . (U0BX1KC. EVESKG AND SSNDAY.) THE TIMES COMPANY. STILSON HUTCHINS, President PUBLICATIOir OFFICE, THE HUTCHINS BUILDING, Corner Tenth and D Streets Northwest Surscnirrioir Ratei irosnn.T by CAnniEn: Morning, Evening and Sunday Fifty Cents Morning and Snnday Thirty-Are Cents Evening and Sunday Thlrty-flve Cents BT MAIX. One Tear, Morning, Evening and Sunday. .E5J5Q Six Months. " " " " 3JX1 Three Months, " " " " 1.75 One Year. Morning and Sunday...., -J.0Q Six Months, 2.25 Three Months. " " " 1.2s One Year, Evening and Sunday. 4.00 SIrMonths. - " " 25 Three Months, " " " - 1-23 Sunday onlr. One Year. ............ .... .... 1-00 Orders by mall must be accompanied by subscription price. js . (Editorial Rooms 483 T,.?VM Business Office 1G10 .MJiibijh. circulation Department 263 CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of THE TIMES for the week ended August 27, iS9S,wasas follows: Sunday, August 21 19,500 Monday, August 22 47,514 Tuesday, August 23 48,295 Wednesday, August 24 .... . 48,001 Thursday, August 25 .... '. 4S.032 Friday. August 26 4S.1S7 "Saturday, August 27 4S.094 Total 307,623 I Daily average (Sunday, 19,500, ex cepted) 4S.020 . THE Trims, In all its editions. Morning, Evec Jjig snd Sunday, will be mailed to one address lor FIFTY CEXTS per month. Addresses changed is often as desired. Readers of The Times who may at any time be unable to procure copies ol it at any newi rtand or railroad station cr on railroad trains, will confer a favor upon the management by send ing to this office information of the fret. Communications intended for publication in The Times should be tersely and plainly written, 'and must in all cases be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Rejected com munications will not be preserved, and only man uscripts of obvious importance will le returned to their authors. The Advertisers' Guarantee Company, of Chi cago, hereby certifies that it has, by its expert examiners, proven and attested the circulation of THE TIMES, of Washington. The daily aver age PAID circulation for the month of July, 1593. - was 51,509 copies. This is GUARANTEED to the advertisers of lhe country by a BOND of 50,000 in the Fidelity and Deposit Company, of Maryland, deposited -.-with the Northwestern National Bank, of Chicago. ADVERTISERS' GUARANTEE COMPANY. by J. It. MASON, President. "" TUESDAY, AUGUST CO. 1S9S. Tlie Cz.nr'M Proposition. It was to be expected that most of the statesmen and public journals in .Europe would applaud the proposition o the Czar for the disarming of all the powers, and at the same time find reasons why the idea is impracticable. Knowing- what they do of the tastes and disposition of the Russian ruler, they could not doubt bis sincerity; knowing his power and fearing the ef fect of a direct opposition, It was not -like them to find fault with his scheme. '"While giving him the credit for a beau tiful conception of a truly civilized Europe, they know too well the ulti mate ambitions of the different na tions to encourage the hope of a. real ization of his vision. It is impossible to deny the benefi cent effect of disarmament if only it were a matter of the mutual relations of the powers. But Italy, Spain, and France, and in time Germany, may have to depend on an Immense army to prevent revolutions. More than once In the past dozen years only the exist ence of a large army saved France from disastrous insurrections and a repetition of the horrors of the Reign of Terror. Italy Is already ripe for a republican uprising, which is held back by fear of the soldiers. No mon archy could exist in Spain without the military, and the people are not cap able of self-government. The socialist element is large and growing in Ger many, and it would reach dangerous proportions but for the soldiers. It -is a question whether Russia cou'd rr.a'n tain domestic peace without its troops. Besides all this, it is doubtful if the Emperor of Germany has more than a passing fancy for perpetual peace. Of all the nations, England and the United States -would give the meat .hearty support to a proposition that would insure peace with safety. The former, however, has its India pos sessions to administer in the interest of civilization, and the time is still re mote -when they can be ruled without a military power back of the adminis tration. The position of the Czar must have a great moral effect and promote the cause of arbitration, but we see no reason to hope he can achieve the ob ject he has in view. Admiral Dewey's Requisition. - Admiral Dewey has spoken plainly enough about what our policy should be in relation to the Philippines that we should never allow the flag he planted there to be hauled down. This should have an influence on American opinion, since no one has had as good opportunities as he for forming a sound Judgment on the question. It is to be hoped that he will be able to return to the United States in time to impress his views on the President. It is unfortunate that the admiral was not free to speak as distinctly on other matters. His desire for more warships must awaken not a little curiosity, if not anxiety, along with his statement that he thinks It is nec essary to remain at Manila. If the war with Spain is ended and there is no reason to anticipate a rupture of our friendly relations with Germany or any other power, why should he need inore warships, and why should he consider it unsafe for him to come home? The preparations for the early mus ter out of a hundred thousand of our soldiers, including some regulars, is .inconsistent with the idea that a re newal of hostilities with Spain is prob able. The suggestion of Gen. Merritt that some of the American soldiers at Manila should be returned to , their homes disposes of the thought of any jfurther trouble with the Spaniards there, although they are not rated as GSte prisoners except la the matter of ra tions,' or with Aguinaldo. " Is it that the far-seeing mind of our diplomatic naval hero contemplates an American display in Chinese waters? His presence is demanded at home, first that we may have a clear under standing of the situation at Manila, if that is possible to the merely finite in telligence; and second, that he may give to the President the benefit of his observations in respect of the" islands he has acquired and so place the re turn of any one of them to Spain out of the question. Sagasta has once more expressed his view that war is still on and that Spain has never surrendered her sovereignty at Manila. The strange capitulation there after the signing of the protocol may rrake no difference in the status of the Philippines question, or It may be conclusive. At any rate, an inter view between the President and Ad miral Dewey before final instructions are given to the Peace Commissioners seems very desirable. Traitor to the ltenr. There is but one reason why lhe Democrats of New Tork should not elect a governor In the Empire State this Fall, but that reason will be fur nished by the nomination of a man who bolted the Chicago ticket in 1896. The Times cannot conceive of a self respecting Democrat who would vote for anyone who did not two years ago give Mr. Bryan his firm, fixed and un swerving support. The Chicago platform represented and represents overwhelmingly the Democratic sentiment of the country. Mr. Bryan may or may not be the Pres'drntial candidate in 1900. He was the candidate in 1SSG, regularly nomi nated by a two-thirds majority, and, as the campaign demonstrated, worthy in every respect of the high office to which his party proposed to elect him. The Democrats who, as Democrats, op posed him were political traitors then and they are no less traitors now. To select one of them to carry the Demo cratic standard in the coming battle in New Tork is to insult every one of the C,500,000 men who bowed to the party's will in 1S9C and loyally kept the faith. The Times recognizes the tight, aye, the duty, of an American to change his Democracy for Republicanism when his conscience and judgment compel him; but the change once made should be final the convert should stay converted and not rtturn within two years a candidate for of fice at the hands of the men whose principles he has 'discarded. The Spanish war cannot be made a party issue in the Fall elections. All America was for the war, and all America rejoices in the victory. Demo crats and Republicans fought shoulder to shoulder In the trenches before San tiago, and Democrats, Republicans, Populists, and Independents alike ac claim the achievements of the navy and shout the glory of Dewey and Schley. In selecting a governor the voters of New York will decide between a Dem ocrat and a Republican simply. As the Republican nominee will be a Republi can, so must his Democratic opponent be a Democrat a Democrat of 1S96. The Country 'Waits. A frequent comment on the selection of the Peace Commissioners is virtually that of the Rochester Post-Express that "the Commission will do the right thing and the- people, relying on its good faith and patriotism, will indorse its decision, whatever it may be." That is nonsense. There are no five men in the country whose decision on a matter like the Philippines question would be indorsed by the country simply because of their good faith and patriotism. The American people have pretty generally made up tTieir minds as to what they want in this instance. They know that there are some men whose good faith and patriotism are estab lished, yet who are altogether wrong In their notions about the Philippines men who have allowed their minds to dwell so much on the difficulties of administration in the case of remote islands that they have lost sight of the adaptability of our institutions and our people, both of which have had harder nuts to crack and have cracked them. To decide well in this matter, a Commissioner must have such a lively faith in the American people that he can Intrust them with colonies, without a doubt about the good re sults. Very sensible men, suddenly charged with the responsibility of a decision of far-reaching consequences, might find It the easier and safer toad to distrust the people and relieve them of the opportunity to fail. The timid, over-cautious patriot would rather de prive the nation of a glorious possi bility than run the risk of a small trouble. If the Peace Commissioners insist on retaining for this country all it has won in the war, they will be heartily indorsed by the majority of their countrymen. If they fail to do ths, the fact that they are sincere will not ex cuse them in the minds of the people, who.will not be satisfied with their de cision because "it reflects an honest doubt of the wisdom of such a policy. The llospitnl Sen minis. The defense which Gen. Alger made, when he was finally driven to admit that there was something the matter with the hospital arrangements in this war, was rather an odd one. It was described by one sarcastic journal as a statement that he had made a mess, but it was a tremendous big mess, and therefore to be excused. That is prob ably as good a synopsis of It as could he made. The country expected to excuse rome mistakes In this war, even some very serious mistakes, on the ground of lack of experience. The moblization and feeding of a large army is a very serious matter, and requires much wis dom, and there were very few pscple on the ground In this emergency who had had any training at all in that line. But there was one thing which the people were not prepared to excuss on any grounds whatever, and that was inefficient hospital service in th s coun try after the war was over. They would have forgiven almost anything but that. There Is no reason why a single wounded soldier should have been allowed to suffer, after leaving Cuba, for lack of food, medicine or at tention. There is no real reason why the men should have suffered in Cuba, at any rate as much as they did, but that was one of the cases in which in experience necessarily made trouble. The condition of things at Montauk, and in the volunteer camps, and on the transports, however, Is entirely a dif ferent matter. Nobody would have found fault If the "War Department had seen fit to issue special orders seizing all the ships, stores, medicines and funds that were necessary to bring our wounded men home from Cuba as soon as they : could have been got on board ship, j There would have been no trouble In : securing doctors and nurses enough to give one to every sick man in the transport if necessary. "War hospitals are one thing on which the United States is not likely to economize. The most determined cheese-paring states man would have voted appropriations for that purpose and added, "If that isn't enough, just let me know." -This was a matter so thoroughly un derstood that when the reports of the disgraceful condition of the' Seneca came in the country was a little in credulous. It did not seem that the medical department could have been so criminally careless as to allow such a state of things. The population of this country Is a large one, and all could not investigate this thing- in person. But it was the business of the Secre tary of "War to investigate such an af fair as soon as he heard the report of it, and to find out where the responsi bility belonged, and to see that .heads came off where they were not fit to stay on. Whether he did this, or not there Is no positive way of knowing. He told the public that there should be no more such trouble. But there was. Every hospital ship since that time, every transport that has carried soldiers, wounded or other wise, from Cuba, has brought a tale of horror such as has not been told since the days of the slave-trade. For a con siderable time now this scandal has been going on. There has been plenty of time to make investigations. There 1 is no evidence that the "War Depart ment has made any. If it had, the country would have stood by Secretary Alger in whatever he chose to do. Straightforward, decided, manly action on his part, removing incompetent or dishonest officials, and showing a dis position to cut red tape with one mas terful sword-stroke when It interfered with the well being of the soldiers, would have endeared him to the nation. He missed that opportunity. He has tardily taken up the task-In his visit to Montauk, and for the sake of the soldiers let everyone be thankful. The thing which remains to be done now is for the country to insist on an investi gation of the whole matter. In which the blame shall be fixed and an exam ple made of the guilty ones which will prevent such a national disgrace ever occurring again. It Is now In order for the various gen erals in command of the Infected camps to come forward and explain. Secretary Alger says that If there has been needless suffering, they are to blame. The coun try Is waiting to hear from them. General Shatter repeats that the San tiago campaign was admirably planned and carried out. Foreign critics may put that in their pipes. The Democrats of New York should be allowed to keep the issue down to State matters If they can. The people, regard less of their opinions as to national ques tions, are disposed to administer a rebuke to the thieving Republicans, and no ob stacles should he put in their way. Two years from now will be time enough for the Democrats to talk about national Is sues. There are rascals to be whipped and that should absorb all their attention now. MISS DAVIS IMPROVING. She K'ummcm n. Ue.stlcMM Nlclit at Xur rtifrnnNett Pier, Narrragansett Pier, Aug. 29. The con dition of Miss Winnie Davis, tho daugh ter of Jefferson Davis, who is critically ill with gastritis at the Rockingnam, was slightly improved this evening though she passed a restless night. About three weeks ago Miss Davis at tended the annual reunion of the Sons of Veterans at Atlanta, and while receiving friends was caught In a violent rainstorm which resulted In a chill and a severe cold. Miss Davis soon after this event pro ceeded North and was greatly fatigued upon her arrival at Narragansett, and soon afterward was taken HI. MR. BAYARD'S CONDITION. lie In SnfTeriiipr From n. Ivldney Trouble Which May Prove Serious. Boston , Aug. 29. The Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, who Is 111 at the home of his son-in-law, S. D. Warren, In Dedham, did not pass a very comfortable night last night and is reported as no better to day. It is understood that Mr. Bayard is suffering from kidney trouble which may prove serious. Iler Tre.s.ses oh a. Matchbox, (From the Utica Observer.) "I saw something on a New York street car the other day -which interested me, and I hae been wonderins if it is something- new with young people, or a New York cittern." The wondering man explained. "A young man and woman sut in one of the smoker sejts. He was so imsallant as to snioUe. Then his ciicar became cold. The younpr woman took a match out of the coil of her hair and handed it to him. He took it, rch'jrlitcd his cipar. and resumed smoking in the not unconcerned manner. The cigar Rot cold apain, and asain the jouns woman handed him a match from her hair. And she was so unconcerned in her manner that I concludjd she must be in the habit of using her hair for his match box." Culinn Leper. (Santiago letter in the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.) As to the lepers, let me tell you one little cir cumstance, characteristic of the place. Everywhere in Cuba lepers roam the streets without let or hindrance. There are two or three hospitals for them, but no law to compel their isolation. About forty lepers, however, were corralled in San tiago Hospital Civil until after the battles of July 1 and 2, when the hospital was nced-d far the wounded Spanish soldiers. AH the sick who could crawl were ordered out into the streets to' make room for the victims of war. The lepers were evicted with the rest, and are now ming ling with the throng in the water-side Etreet, begging alms from pascisby and receiving food from the Red Cross often directly from the hands of our ladies. Plenty of Moral Courage Anyhow. (From the Savannah News.) Three of the bravest men in the encampment of the Third Georgia Volunteers rcgimrnt at Grifhn are those who stepped to the frcnt when, as, Capt. Davis was about to poll the men with re gard to their preferences in the matter of re maining in the service or going home, an officer forgot himself and said, "Let all the d cow ards step forward." The three men who stepped out after that showed a very high order of cour age, and there isn't a shadow of doubt that they would make intrepid fighters in war. Hidden. (From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.) "If that young Mr. Lineman is as clever as they say, lie certainly manages to keep his talents out of sight." "Yes. he does. He's one of the constructing engineers of the lake tunnel." AND HEARD. "Captain JarftesO'Neil. of the Rough Riders, who waskilled in the second fight at Santiago, was one of the nerv iest, most gallantmen I ever heard of," said DetcctivelParham at police head quarters last night. Parham was attach ed to the hospital- corps of the regular army during tha-Geronlmo campaign In Arizona where he became acquainted with many of the residents of the territory by tllft Sttir(!lv nf ifVft. ni.ntmhli. nrwl IVia camaraderie that existed between the settlers In that wild and Indian-infested country, and the soldiers, who were their only protection "Ho came to Prescott, then the capital of the territory, from San Francisco, I think, and represented for a time the San Francisco Call, though I am not sure about that. After he had been In town for a short time he started a paper of his own, The Hoof and Horn, which was de voted to discussions relating to the best methods of raising cattle and In which he also printed a digest of the topics of the day. O'Nell immeiately became very popular and was elected sheriff of the county for three terms and afterwards was made judge of the probate court. He was a candidate for rnnp-msq on rim Re publican ticket at one time, but was de feated by Mark Smith, by a very narrow margin of votes. During his first term as sheriff he did the finest piece of detective work I have ever known. An old man named Clevenger with his wife and adopted daughter Jessie, who had taken a claim In Graham County near Fort Grant, decided to emigrate into Utah and after selling all his household goods with the proceeds ho bought a traveling out it with which to make the journey over land. He had about ?1.S00 In money with him when he started. Not long after the journey was begun a resident of Yavapat County was passing along the road and seeing the remains of a campfire he stop ped to see If the parties who had been encamped there left anything behind which could be used. As he stepped In the ashes where the fire had been to pick up a brass button that was lying on the ground the earth under his feet began to sink and on glancing down he was as tounded to behold two human fingers which seemed lo come up out of the sand, lhe man wag somewhat frightened and without stopping to make further Inves tigations he mounted his horse and gal loped as fast as nosslhl tn TJw.or.fj where he told Sheriff O'Nell what he had seen. O'Nell went to the scene as soon as possible and exhumed what proved to .J,, r,emains of Clevenger and his wife. I he heads of the two people had been crushed In and were .. Imost beaten be yond recognition. It was evident that they had been dead some m.v Timr- S,,n? if100 of the E,rI anJ t was h l the marlerers had carried her c-rr. The only thing tuat could be S? rT thG uSnves ot the oW PeoPe as the brass button, which the sheriff took charge of. The button was of the regular army style, but that could give S"cl2 l5e !.demlty ot the fiends who had murdered tho couple, as that kind of It fw " Wa", VOry I"en"'"' Arizona at that time and almost anyone was llke- jnp lve one ewhere on their cloth "O'Neil was' not to be daunted bv tho Hm! the CaS? devtlns- as much of his time as he could.spare to it. He traveled oer the territory in search of the mur derers and finally, after nearly a year of fruitless search, he heard that a white man named Johnson was living at Carson City, Isevada. with a very pretty girl named Jessie Clevenger. who was not his wife and whom ho seemed to keep by force. O'Nell went to Carson Immedi ately and finding that the girl was the adopted daughter of the murdered pair he arrested both she and her companion and brought them to Prescott. From In formation he received from the people at Carson he found a colored man named Wilson In hiding at Provost. Utah, who. uiiim uamg arrestee, confessed that ho ' and Johnson had IcIITpiI the m -..,,1 .t i wife and he had skipped off with tho money while Johnson took the girl. Wil son vas a 'bob-tailed' soldier from the Tenth Cavalry, that Is. one who has re ceived a dishonorable discharge, and was thoroughly worthless. Johnson bore a very evil reputation In Arizona and it was believed that he. too, had been bob-tailed.' The girl had been carried off by force and was one of the victims of the fiends. When the men were tried Wilson, of course, turned state's evi dence and received a life sentence in the penitentiary at Yuma, Ariz., while John son v.-as hung forthwith. O'Nell did all the work of making the great catch himself and received the com mendations of every citizen in the terri tory." "Tho strain occasioned by the war has been particularly heavy upon telegraph and cable operators," said an old mem ber of tho profession last evening. "Longer hours- have been the rule throughout the exciting period in question and the work has had to be done under circumstances which made for Increased tension upon every nerve. There have been but comparatively few really capable men who were out of employment, as the volume of business was largely aug mented In allMiranches of the service. "Speaking of the war, have you never thought of the nervous strain it is upon a man to have to receive the report of a great battle over tho wire. Aside from the difficulties, occasioned largely by the haste with which the 'copy' was pre pared, there Is the sensibilities of the operators. You may think it strange, but It is a. fact, nevertheless, that while I am 'receiving' the report of a big engage ment on land or sea, my mind works so rapidly and my sympathies are taken hold of so strongly that when I am done, I feel positively worn out and as much fatigued as though I had worked several days on a stretch. In making up the list of those persons who did service In the Wi.r, telegraph and cable operators by no means should be omitted." "It is strange what humorous things happen on a battlefield," said a member of tho Hospital Corps, who is confined In the hospital at lhe Washington Barracks with two Mauser bullets in his leg. placed there by the treacherous Spaniards as he. was engaged in the humane work of re moving the wounded from tho field at San Juan. "The. funniest thing I think I ever saw was In the first day's battle near Santiago, when (the Rough Riders came so near being exterminated. A troop of the Tenth Cavalry was stationed close In tho rear of the firing line expecting orders to move every minute, and every man was so nearly scared to death that they were trembling- Iike a lot of ague patients. Not that the colored men were not brave and determined .after they got Into bat tle, but to lay there under he firo of the Spanish guns wlhout being able to reply trled their nerves. One terrible looking sergeant who had boasted of what he would do when he got at the Spaniards was a little nearer the firing line than the rest of his command, and he was con siderably shaken up by the too close familiarities tho Mauser bullets were taking with him. One passed through his hat and another made a hole in his flannel shirt while a "third tore a holo in the ground immediately in- front of him. "I pased near him several times during the course of tho battle on my way to the rear with the wounded, and my at tention was attracted to him by his un usual size, for, as I said before, he was a large man, one of the largest I ever saw. Finally, just oeiore itne orders came for his command to move I saw him drop on his knees and offer up the most fervent prayer I ever heard in my life. 'Oh X,ord!' he said, 'for Gawd's sake don't let me be killed In this bat,Ue. an' ril never steal another chicken as long as I live.' That was all. but I 'thought it very expressive. When that man finally got into battle he was a regular demon. I have never seen a man fight as he did that day. and I believe he was the first man to reach the Spanish -trenches, killing four of the enemy who were in his way. The most miraculous thing about It was that he did not receive a scratch." THINGS DEFINES HIS POSITION. Sternberg Clnliim Cortllal lied Crotts Relation. The camp and hospital horror has caused a marked increase in the mall of the War Department. Anxious parents and other relatives are making earnest inquiries about their dear ones, who left comfortable homes and friends to light the battles of their country against a foreign foe, but who now find them selves battling with disease and death as a result ot neglect and Inelllciency. The horrors of war are being paralleled by the horrors of peace. Surgeon General Sternberg expressed himself with considerable earnestness last night. He said he was desirous of having a thorough Investigation ot all the charges that have been made against the camps, hospitals, transports, and hos pital ships. The surgeon general is par ticularly In earnest about the Investiga tion of the charges made by Dr. Ken nedy, a surgeon of the volunteer army at Santiago, who charged that food and medicines on tho Olivette intended for the sick and wounded never reached them. Surgeon General Sternberg says that he will not hereafter make any statement touching on the present controversy. He has asked for a full and searching Inves tigation, he added, and his request has not yet been granted. lit is expected that a written report will be received at the "War- Department tcday or tomorrow (from Gen. H. V. Boyrrton, concerning the "condition of Camp Thomas. Several days ago he was direct ed by Secretary Alger to make a thorough Investigation of the hospitals at Camp T'homas, and promptly report any lack of attention to the sick soldiers, any inef ficiency of the surgeons, or any lack ot supplies. Adjt. Gen. Corfoin 'has received from Gen. Boynton a brief .telegraphic report In which 'he says: "Have completed investigating hos pitals under Secretary's order. Results exceedingly favorable in all essential fea tures. The facts cffectualy dispose of ail recent scnsat.onal adverse criticism." The following statement in regard to the attitude of lhe -medical department of the army toward the Red Cross So ciety was made by Surgeon General Sternberg yesterday: "It ihas been repeatedly charged In the newspapers that I am hostile to this or ganization md have refused to accept Us assurance in the care of our sick and wounded soldiers, and that as a result of ; this refusal there has been unnecessary suffering. "Thtte charges are without foundation. except in so far as I have objected to sending female nurses with troops in the field engaged In active operations. We have a Red Cross hospital in the army of enlisted men, whose duty it la to ren der first aid to the wounded upon the field of battle and to care for the sick in our division field hospitals, and I have been of the opinion that female nurses would be an Incumbrance to troops dur- !... !,. n-nortnns hut er sftnn .la e- rious sickness developed in our camps "Third, such leaves of absence and fur and It became necessary to treat typhoid loughs will be granted by the commaad- fever cases in our field hospitals I gladly accepted the service of trained female nurses for the division netd hospitals and in our general hospitals we have employ ed them from the first. The general tes timony from the surgeons in charge of these hospirals has been that their ser vices have been of great value. "Very many of these trained nurses have been obtained through the kind as sistance of the Red Cross Society for maintenance of trained nurses and I de sire to express my highest appreciation of the value of services rendered to the medical department of the army by this organization. "My attitude toward relief organizations Is shown by an indorsement dated May 5, upon a letter addressed by Rev. Henry C. McCook. of Philadelphia, to the President and referred to me for remark. " 'The plan proposed for the organiza tion of a relief association appears to have been well considered and the object In view will commend itself to every pa triotic citizen. " 'But it is a question whether the Pres ident should give special privileges to any particular organization. "While I ap prove in a general way of organizations for the relief proposed. It appears to me that it will be best not to give In advance exclusive privileges to any particular or ganization. " 'In case of need, assistance should be accepted from any organization prepared to give it." " "This has been my guiding principle throughout, that relief, when needed, should be promptly accepted without re ference to the source from which It comes. The relief afforded by the National Red Cross at Slboney was promptly accepted by the surgeons on the spot, but it is evident that it was entirely inadequate to meet the emergency. "Furthermore, the National Red Cross Association has had full authority to send agents and supplies to all our camps since June 9 1S9S, and If there has been suffering for want ot needed supplies they must share the responsibility with the medical department of the army for such suffering. "Tho following letter was sent by me to every chief surgeon of a department to each- Independent army In the field on June 9: " The Secretary of War has approved of the following proposition by the Na tional Red Cross Association, and the chief surgeons of the army corps and di visions will co-operate with the author ized agents of its association for the pur poses indicated: We can put any desired amount of hospital supplies Ice. malted milk, con densed milk. Mellins's food, etc. Into any of the volunteer camps In a few hours. Will you be kind enough to bring this letter to the attention of Secretary Alger and ask him If there is any objection to our appointing a Red Cross representa tive to report to commanding officer and the chief surgeons in every 'camp, con fer with them as to their Immediate needs, and If anything of any kind is wanting, open there a Red Cross station and send the supplies? We can do this, not in a few weeks or a few days, but in a few hours, and can furnish any quan tity of any desired luxury or delicacy for hospital use. Wo hereby tender our aid and put our organization at the War De partment's service, for co-operation In this field." ' "To show my cordial relations with the National Red Cross relief committee, I venture to quote from a letter of August 11, received by me from Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, chairman of the supply committee. Mr. Dodgo says: " 'I want again to assure you person ally and on behalf of our committee, of our earnest desire to assist 3ou in every possible way and to thank you for calling upon us so frankly. "In a recent letter from Mrs. Winthrop Cowdln, vice-president of the Red Cross Society for maintenance of trained nurses, sho says: " 'We greatly appreciate your courtesy to us and feelmost grateful to have been permitted, to serve you In any way.' " Favorable Symwtoiws. (From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.) Admiral And how is Capt. Evans this morning, surseont Voice from the interior of private room Where's that blankety-blanked-blank fool of an idiotic sawbones? I want a drink and 1 want it blank quick I Sutgeon He's much better, sir. IVo- Need to Retire. (From the Savannah News.) Since Mr. Holland's submarine boat will net be needed In the war, he may. now go ahrad with diving,. after-sunken treasure ships and raisins gold, silver, diamonds, and jewelry from the wrecks. THE PEACE COMMISSION. Believed. That Spain Has Named Her ItenrctteiitntlveM. Madrid, Aug. 20. At the conclusion of the cabinet -meeting this evening tho min isters protended that the Spanish peace commission had not been formed. Nevertheless, it la believed that the Washington Government had been in formed that tho commission will consist of Senor Leon y Castillo, Spanish ambas sador 'to France, who will be president; Gen. Zabala, a juris-consult; the Duke of Taimanesc. diplomatist and ex-governor of Madrid, and either Senor Moret. for merly mirolSfter of colonies, or Senor Ar bazuza, should Senor Moret decline to serve. Senor Arbazuzo. was colonial min ister in the last Sagasta cabinet. All the above are Liberals. To Prevent Loner Delmte.H. It Is reported the ministers are reaching an agreement to prevent long debates In the Cortes relating to tiho war. Duke Almodovar del Rio, minister of foreign affairs; Senor Grolzanl, minister of jus tice, and Senor GIron, minister of the colonies, have been appointed to draft a measure to be submitted to the Cortes authorizing the government to make !ece. It is understood that the conservatives will not ally themselves with the opposi tion against the government, but Senor Romero Robledo proposes to discuss In the Cortes everything relating to the war and the conditions of peace. It is not officially known what course tho Republicans will take, but the Car lists will probably offer strenuous oppo sition to the government. Win Ohtnli, All The- Can. In regard to the Instructions given to the military commissioners la the matter of the evacuation of Cuba and Porto Rico, the government announced that the com missioners have been told to obtain every possible advantage. A BEVTSION OP ORDEBS. Supplementary InstrnctioiiH for Mastering Out. An Important order bearing upon the proposed general muster-out of volun teer soldiers was issued at a late hour last night by Adjt. Gen. Corbln, and will be promulgated today. The order follows: "Adjutant General's Office, "Washington. Aug. 29, ISiS. "First, the following additional Instruc tions amendatory of those contained In General Orders No. 121. current series from this office, are published for the in- formation and guidance of alt concerned: I "Second, except for the necessary guard ; derails, etc., of officers and men required 1 by paragraph six, leaves of absence for sixty days and furloughs for the same period will be granted all officers and en listed men of organizations which have served beyond, the limits of the United States, and. thirty days to officers and men of organizations which have not served beyond the limits of the United States, when such organizations are ordered to be mustered out of service. ing officers, after organizations have ar rived at State rendezvous, all to take effect on one date for thirty days, or six ty days, as the case may be. and all of ficers and men must without fail report at the rendezvous on the thirtieth or six tieth day thereafter. Any officer or man failing to so rerort will be considered and reported as a deserter, unless pre vented from doing so by sickness, which must be satisfactorily explained by the certificate of a reputable physician. "Fourth, before organizations are grant ed furloughs the preparation for muster out, as required by general orders No. 124. current series, from this office, will. In view of the foregoing, be carried out only so far as relates to the Inspection and correction of records. Inspection and transfer of such public property as may no longer be required; the preparation and comparison of property returns: the steps necessary to secure certificates of non-indebtedness, and for the returns of all absentees, etc "Fifth, when possible, all returns and pa pers relating to the muster-out of or ganizations will be prepared during the period of furlough. "Sixth, each commanding officer, prior to the departure of his officers and men, will make arrangements necessary to verify and urotect all public property pertainlng to his command during the period of absence, and place the same under proper guard, detailed from his command for the purpose. He will notify the adjutant general of the army of his arrival at rendezvous and at the earliest possible moment the date of expirations of leaves and furloughs. "Seventh, in preparing muster-out rolls, tbe number of days while on furlough will be stated under the heading on the roll, 'Subsist. Once, number of cays, and the paymaster. In the pay account on the roll will change the heading 'for horses and equipments' to 'commutation for fur lough rations.' and credit each man at the rate of 3 cents per day for the num ber of' days due and pay the same. The amount so paid for commutation of ra tions for the pay department will be re funded from the appropriation made for the subsistence deparament. "Eighth, mustering officers are empow ered 4o administer oaths in all matters pertaining to the muster-out of volun teers. "Ninth, As soon as practicable the usu al monthly pay rolls, will foe made out for August and sent to the chief paymaster of thte military department in which the or ganization's rendezvous is situated. Upon these rolls alone -can the officers and en listed -men be -paid prior to departure on leave or furlough. "By order of 'tSie Secretary of War. "H. C. CORBIN. Adjt. Gen." MUSTER-OUT ROLIi GROWS. More RoRlniontn Are Ordered to Their State Cnnip.s, An official bulletin was Issued by the War Department yesterday directing the mustering out of the following troops, who have been ordered to their State camps: Ninth Massachusetts Infantry, 4C offi cers and S90 enlisted men, from Middle town to South Framingham. Seventh Illinois Infantry. 50 officers and 1,263 enlisted men, from Middletown to Springfield. 111. First Illinois Infantry. 50 officers and 1,272 enlisted men, from Lexington to Springfield, 111. Fifth Illinois Infantry, 1 officers and 1,234 enlisted men, from Lexington to Springfield. III. Sixty-fifth New York Infantry, 50 offi cers and 1,263 enlisted men, from Camp Alger to Buffalo. Third United States Volunteer Cavalry, 4G officers and 9G2 men, Chlckamauga. Fourth Texas Infantry, 4G officers and 1,210 men. Austin. Texas. First Wisconsin Infantry, 50 officers men, Fernandlna, Fla., to Columbus, O. First Wisconsin Infantry. 50 officers and 1.2S9 men. Jacksonville, Fla.. to Camp Douglass, Wis. The Bos.s Will Me Ho.s.s. (From the Utica Observer.) What Piatt mcan3 to do with Itco;cvclt remain to be seen. We imagine the self-adtniric!: Itomrh Rider would himself like to know. Piatt can give him rougher riding than he has ever had yet. nln Choice. (From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.) "What dainty can we send in your cans that will please you mostt" Inquired the benevolent ladr of the convalescing jackie. "Smokin tobacky, rru'jm," said the Jackie. TO ASSERT THEIR CLAIMS. States "Will Send Representatives to the Capital. Representatives ot many of the leading States from the Atlantic to the Pacific, are expected In Washington some time this week. Their object Is to look after what are known as "Stata claims," or alleged, liabilities claimed to be due them from the Government. Many of these, growing out "of the Civil War, remained unsettled for years and-required energetic lobbying, so to speak. Past experience has taught governors who assumed penaJhal or State obliga tions In getting troops,, ready for the re cent volunteer service to make haste with Uncle Sam while his sun shines. For this reason State representatives will person ally see to the early collection of their just dues. Ohio, Illinois. Massachusetts. . Kansas, the far Western States, Penn- j sylvanla. New "York and Indiana, are most concerned. Representatives from these States' will meet in conference here and co-operate la the work with wh't-n they are commii rfoned. They will nu:!!na plans and unite in making urgent reprejentattona to the Government. It Is usually the case that whre large sums of money are involved and the Government Is concerned disputes and1 dissatisfaction Invariably arise. Now jhat the war Is over. Auditor Brown, of the. Treasury Department, admits thai he- is the recipient of numerous claims fepm the different States asking reimbursement for alleged expenditures in aiding the war with Spain. "Summarized, the situation seems to be that the Important mat ter of perfecting a relation of a business nature between certain State officials and those of the National Gov ernment was, in the hurry of war. passed by, and now all sorts of -wOd -c'aims are pouring In from all directions. In many cases, governors of States, es pecially in the Souh, having no fund3-at hand legally appropriated for the pre liminary expense of the volunteers, were compelled to borrow money for the pur pose on their personal guarantees that the amount would be refunded out of any appropriation made by the Nuttena! Gov ernment to reirr&urse the several States, The transportation of militiamen from their ihocnes to the point of rendezvous was paid for by "the several States, and their subsistence pencEng the musteig into the United States service was like wise provided for. It so happened that in many cases from twenty-five to forty per cent of the men offered by the States were rejected for physical disability and other causes. As the War Department has declined to pay either the transpor tation or subsistnee of rejected men, he legislatures of 8he several Startes will be called upon to repay what has ben spent on thoke who were not accepted j-by Unclo Sam's -medical men. This feature of the situation is Hkery to cause trouble, and may result in legla tion by Congrtss. with a view to mak ing he Commonweaichs of the Union "whole" on war expenditures. Wur complications continue to crp ut and from all indications the Treosjiry Department will require an extra force to adjust hem. TRENTON TARS COILING HOEL There AVIII Be a Bis: Demonstration to "Welcome Them. Trenton. N. J., Aug. 2.-The. local Grand Army posts and other patriotic organizations are arranging for a big demonstration In honor ot the- homgegm Ing of the Trenton naval reserves. Masonic Temple, the largest assembly hall In the city, has been ptaeedat jjthe disposal of the committee In charge. It Is proposed to have a triumphant march of the Trenton tars through the principal streets. A PATRIOTIC REUC. Xevr Jersey Troops Have a. Fins: Ititisetl In Hawaii, Elizabeth. N- J.. Aug. 29. George Strat meyer, surveyor of the port of Honolulu, on August 15. mailed to his brother. Louis Stratmeyer. a fifteen-foot Ameriean flag which was hoisted over the custom house in Honolulu on August 12. by the Unttd States troops. The flag, which arrived this morning, will be presented to Company C, Third Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, now stationed at Fori Wadsworth. Surveyor Stratmeyer Is a veteran of the company. PZERSON MAKES DEFENSE. -V Sew Turn to the War- TeleKrnpIi er.s Controversy. Lieut. Pierson. of the signal corps, who Is in charge of the telegraph office at the War Department, made a statement la his own defense last night bearing upon the controversy between the civilian tele graphers and himself. Two more of the operators resigned yar terday, and their places were filled bf volunteer signal men. Lieut. Pierson said the operators had treated him unjustly, notwithstanding the fact that he had always been their friend. "When their salary was but $1,000 per annum," he stated, "I succeeded In hav ing It Increased to 51.200. I also suc ceeded In securing for them two and a half days' leave of absence for every month they served, and looked out gen erally for their welfare. "They tried to leave me In the lurch at thla time, when the telegraph business of the department is heavy, and I found it necessary for tho protection of the de partment and myself to secure a detail of signal men to do the work. The men are soldiers. It Is true, but they are also gentlemen and first-class telegraph oper ators." There are still eight civilian operators on duty at the War Department ami seven members of the signal corps. Four other signal operators are expected to arrive today from Montauk Point. Four of the signal men now on duty are from the company at Washington Barracks and three from Camn Meade. Pa. It neces sary more will be ordered here from othur points where signal detachments are sta tioned. Lieut. Pierson further stated that the men would not be required to work as the key on the salary they receive In the army. He has made an arrangement by whlch they will receive $90.10 each per month, and be allowed to live in the clty as they may choose Instead of having to spend their leisure time at the bar racks under military restraint. They will also be allowed to wear citizens' clothes when not on duty. In order to bring their salary up to $33.10. the men will receive $30 per month as-commutation of quarters and fuel; $31 per month for commutation of rations: $9 tor clothing allowance, and their army salary of $20-40 per month. It Is stated that Lieut. Plerson's action in employing signal corps operators has been approved by the War Department. Conldn't Stand Dictation. (From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.) "What are you going to shoot the man fort" "Worst caw of insubordination In the whole army." "Who was he?" "A janitor in a New York Cat "