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THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, MONDAY; SEPTEMBER "26, 1898.
iin&s
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THE TIMES COMPANY.
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ADVERTISERS GUARANTEE COMPANY,
By J. R. MASON. President
MOKDAY. SEPTEMBER 26, 1SSS.
The Democracy ami the Fntnrc.
The Times holds, and always has
Jield, that the interests of party and the
ambitions of political leaders in this
country invariably should be held sec
ondary, and, upon necessity, be sacri
ficed upon the altar of non-partisan
Americanism, whenever a condition
such as a. foreign war bids patriotism
sink all considerations of domestic poli
tics, that the American people may pre
sent an unbroken front to the foe. For
this reason The Times has adopted and
-rdvocated the policy of relegating- in
ternal party issues to a more convenient
season, that there might be, for the time,
unanimity between Democrats, Republi
cans, Populists, Prohibitionis's, and all
"others, and only one grand brotherhood
of Americans, arrayed in harmony and
patriotic devotion behind our Govern
ment in its sacred mission of war
against Spain, that foul and blood--thirsty
enemy of civilization and hu
manity. """ "This policy was necessary, and al
ways will be, if the great Western Re
public is to hold its own against out
side forces, which the lessons of history
"teach us are likely, from time to time,
to assail the interests or the honor of
the United States. In the case of the
"present Spanish war it was imperative,
and, to a large extent, still is; because
the great party of the American people,
which, as a single, solidified force,
should stand out for a peace settlement
strictly consistent with the logic of the
results from that war, has been found
o include provincial leaders of Influence
who, with treason to the principles, pre
cepts, history, and traditions of nearly
a hundred years of Democracy, are
striving- to stop the clock of American
progress and greatness, and to attempt
the wreck of this country's new posi
tion as a world power, by advocating
the recession of conquered territory
and a return to the idiotic mid-century
policy of back-w-Qpds. Chinese seclu
sion. But for that every Democratic lead
er and voter in the Union would be
speaking and fighting for the policy of
American expansion, as, indeed, a ma
jority are. But there is a noisy, vehe
ment, and disloyal minority element
to be counted with.
It was in arraignment of this un
Democratlc minority, as well as to
bring home to the party and the
country a revived memory and appre
ciation of what the national organiza
tion founded by Jefferson has done in
ninety-eight years of struggle for Amer
ican glory and expansion, that The
Times yesterday printed its Campaign
Supplement. We are entirely convinced
that no one, not identified with the pro
vincial beet or cane sugar interest,
panic-stricken by the specious and ly
ing arguments of a great monopoly, or
not engaged in the service of other
combinations Inimical to our acquisition
of. .formerly Spanish Islands, can read
and digest that splendid document
without satisfaction and pride in the
achievements which the faith and pol
icy of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and
an illustrious line of successors have
won for the nation.
The map of the United States,
printed on the first page of . the
Campaign Supplement, suffices to show
what the Union amounts to today,
because of the addition to its origi
nal area of 2,197,753 square miles of ter
ritory, due to the expansion policy and
patriotic political action of the Demo
cratic party. The same map tells viv
Jdly what a miserably unimportant lit
.Uetate our country would be but for
that party and policy.
"The Campaign Supplement will well
-repay careful study. He who reads it,
ncL having done so, is not an expan
sionist forever afterward, must, indeed,
bVccnse to the teachings of human his
V&3fZ It presents the irrefutable evi
dence that, but for national expansion,
2&e
the United States would ba poor, weak,
and inconsldered, instead ' of grand,
strong, self-reliant a. world 'force. In
vincible in the potentialities of its pro
ductions and commerce, and in Its la
tent military and naval power. It
shows the opportunity and destiny of
the American nation in- a career of in
ternational adventure during the
Twentieth Century. It points to the
vital necessity for freedom of inter
course with the teeming millions of
consumers in remote parts of the world,
that the American farmer and work
man may find markets for their sur
plus crops and productions. And It Il
lustrates how tjie Spanish war and the
heroism of Dewey and Schley have
acted upon the Chinese wall of the Re
publican trade exclusion policy like the
horn of the Lord's hosts upon the walls
of Jericho.
Although thd story is not contained
in the presentation, the deduction Js too
plain to be escaped that it is largely
because the expansion of our country
to beyond the seas will result in the
destruction of tariff and trust monop
oly, through the inexorable demand for
free or reciprocal trade, which all le
gitimate native producers will make
and enforce, that an Administration net
blessed with many ideas extraneous to
the gospel- of Dingleyism hesitates
about retaining the rich island empire
of the Orient that has fallen ripe into
our lap; and coquets with the idea,
treasonable to this generation and pos
terity, of returning it to the rascality
and nameless horrors of Spanish mis
rule. National expansion is the one and in
evitable basic policy which must domi
nate the successful American political
party of the future. Nothing short of
that policy could serve to protect Amer
ican farms, mines', mills, and factories
from the always increasing and terrible
menace of overproduction, glutted mar
kets, depression, poverty, panic, and
want. The masses of the Democratic
party are as wise today as they were
when they followed their leaders, and
sometimes drove unwilling ones, to the
acquisition of Louisiana, Florida, Tex
as, and California. The centenary of
Democracy in 1900 will find them in
solid phalanx, rallied around their an
cient landmarks; and the poor, down
trodden Filipino of after days, as well
as our own people, enriched and happy
in the development of yet untold wealth
in our Eastern archipelago, will bless
the memory of Thomas Jefferson, the
author, constructor, and expounder of
the God-inspired doctrine and policy of
American expansion.
Justice to Gen. Garcin.
Among the men who have in two wars
offered life and endured privations for
the release of Cuba from the oppressor's
yoke, not one has been purer in his mo
tives than Callxto Garcia a man whose
former services and advanced years
might well have entitled him to honor
able repose during the recent strife.
Every observing and discriminating
American who has come into contact
with this Cuban grand old man has
been impressed by his obvious nobility
and unselfishness. Therefore, when he
retired from the lines before Santiago
with a wounded heart, these Americans
felt that General Shatter was to blame.
They were sure that the exercise of a
little tact, the display of ordinary cour
tesy, such as the high character and
thorough good will, if not the services,
of General Garcia warranted, would
have retained for the Americans the
friendship of an influential man. This
was desirable, since the American Gov
ernment hoped to administer Cuban
affairs without friction and could gain
1 much from his ardent support General
Lawton, honoring a veteran soldier of
so fine a nature, with a keener sense of
justice and with greater foresight, has
managed to repair the mischief caused
by the native rudeness, petulance, and
personal vanity of General Shafter. He
has made a public display of respect for
General Garcia at Santiago, healing the
needless, cruel wound inflicted on the
old hero, who has never faltered in his
J devotion to the Americans, despite the
treatment he received.
Such an ally will be of great use to
the future American military govern
ment of the island. Most of the Cubans
in arms admire and love him beyond
expression, and will be guided by his
advice, no matter what the ungrateful
officials of a pretended Cuban govern
ment may "urge upon them. General
Garcia sees the absurdity of the claims
of those officials to represent the people
of Cuba, who had no voice in their se
lection. They were commissioned by
the Cubans in New York for a specific
purpose, but were refused recognition
by the American Congress. When the
I braverv of our soldiers rrnri wnn nrn
tocol, which provided for the Spanish
evacuation of the island, gratitude
would have forced the alleged govern
ment to dissolve and disappear, leaving
all questions of administration in Amer
ican hands until the time should be ripe
for declaring Cuban independence.
General Garcia, who is honestly
grateful, sees this. He publicly repudi
ates the factional government. The
latter, however, dominated by self in
terest, instead of. a sincere regard for
the welfare of Cuba, proposes to drive
out the Americans on the retirement of
the Spaniards, by proclaiming a repub
lic. The natural and necessary policy
of our Government Is to establish peace
and good order throughout the island,
feeding the hungry until they shall be
able to feed themselves, and then, re
gardless of former factions, to allow all
the people to have a voice in the organ
ization of a government. General Gar
cia is in full sympathy with this pro
gram, although he believes the highest
destiny of Cuba is annexation to this
Republic; and his influence will be used
to save us from serious or even annoy
ing complications. He is the Cuban of
the hour. The American people owe
their thanks to General Lawton, one of
the bravest of their soldiers, for his
high-minded course in doing justice in
their name to the Cuban veteran, al
though it implies censure of the-stupidity
of General Shafter.
Al serine.
A curious bit of etymology has been
unearthed in connection with this war.
To some extent the word "Algerine" has
been use'd to describe the defenders of
the Secretary of War. This is not ex
actly a coined word, but is a member of
the English language tn good and reg
ular standing. At the present time a
native of Algiers is called an Algerian,
but formerly he was known to literature
as an Algerine, and the word is used in
that old poem, "The Sack of Balti
more," written about the little town on
the Irish coast of-$vhich our own Balti
more is namesake. The "Algerine" pi
rates were a terror to European and
American sailors in the early years of
the century, and many are the grew
some stories told of men and women of
noble family sailing to or from Euro
pean colonies who were carried off and
held Xor ransom by the buccaneers of
Algiers and Trlnoli. The word has,
therefore, no very savory associations,
though this meaning has no connection
with its present use in politics.
But there is another way in which
the word Algerine is used, which is pe
culiar to the lumber regions of the
Northwest, and It would be Interesting
to know just how it came to be used in
that way. Sometimes a lumberman
finds a stray log by itself on the river,
bearing the mark of some firm other
than his own. If hje is not troubled by
scruples In the matter, he whittles off
the mark and coolly appropriates the
log. And if he is found out in this per
formance he is dubbed an "Algerine."
Did that word come to the lumber
camps of the West from the lumbermen
of Maine, whose grandfathers and
great-grandfathers knew the pirates of
Algiers? Or did it have some later origin?
It Is entirely for the President to say
whether the proceedings of his Investi
gating commission shall bo secret. But
the people will draw their own Inference
If the testimony Is taken behind closed
doors.
We might allow Spain to take away the
chains which she placed on the limbs of
Columbus, but she has no moral claim
on the remains of the great explorer she
persecuted. '
According to the gossips of the War De
partment a very near relation of Captain
Carter, the papers In whose court-martial
case are said to be locked up In Sec
retary Alger's desk, contributed $25,000 to
the Hanna campaign fund of 1S93. If this
story be true all mystery as to the action
of Mr. Alger Is at once dissipated. A
patriotic family act like that would bo
apt to save a worse sinner than Carter
from punishment. It only remains now
for the President to disapprove the find
ings of the court, release Carter from ar
rest, and order his return to duty.
The War Department has announced
the promotion of the officer who had
charge of the quartermaster's department
at Santiago, and who did not land sup
plies for the ' hungry heroes in the
trenches. Is not the"' New York quarter
master who aided the .Long Island rail
road in keeping- sick soldiers, waiting for
trains to be remembered?'
The high-handed course of the Span
iards at Havana has been encouraged by
the early subservience of our Commis
sioners to Gen. Blanco. They went so far
as to refer all complaining Cubans to
him the very man of whose oppression
they complained.
If Admiral Schley had been the moving
spirit of the Cuban Commission we doubt
if Blanco would have ventured upon so
daring a piece of cool Impudence as to
attempt to steal the alleged remains of
Christopher Columbus, under our noses.
But he has Sampson to deal with Instead,
and the chances are that Sampson has
small respect or care for Christopher. The
latter had the bad taste to be present at
the discover!' of America, a. thing tho
manana admiral never would have
thought of. If the remains were those of
Amerigo Vespucci, the other discoverer,
who was absent on the occaslonc It Is
probable that Sampson would rush'to the
rescue and savo them.
The Cuban election is an exhibition of
the blackest ingratitude that history re
cords. The purpose of Its projectors Is to
drive out the Americans when the Span
lards retire because the American plan of
establishing order and allowing all Cu
bans a voice in their own government
does not meet the views of certain self
ish and ambitious natives.
Instead of adopting the lazy ways of
the Pacific Islanders the American In the
Philippines retains his own and converts
the natives. It Is a significant and en
couraging fact that the latter adopt
American manners readily.
Esterhazy's confession that he Is an un
mitigated scoundrel creates a suspicion
that he may be an honest man. It is
inconceivable that he should tell the
truth.
Becoming- "Winer ty Experience.
(From the Ctica Observer.)
Spaniards are at last developing slowly a
quality in which for a time they eesined ut
terly deficient common s ne and a realization
tint all the fighting power and military glory
now existing is not resident in Spain. If people
of that mi-iguided country will carrfully .study
and digest the word-t of the Duke of Tetuan,
minister of foreign affairs in Canovas's cabinet,
tliry may derive a deal cf bensfiit. Spain would
not be in her present miserable plight had a. few
cool heads been retained to restrain the impetu
ous members of the war cabinet.
The "War as an Tue.
(From the Brookljn Eagle.)
These chapters of imbecility and cruelty in
the treatment of our soldicrsl stamp the War
Department with disgrace. They inflict upon
the Administration which carrier-it in its pres
ent hands an augmenting discredit Drunken
men, in rocking cances, above the' rapids at Ni
agara, less know their preil and their fate than
a political party can know its s'tatus with the
people when such instances as these of unneces
sary, of needless deaths, and therefore jf vir
tual murders, are piled up against it in the
knowledge- and in the hearts of the people, in
spiring that people with purposes of hostility
toward it which one would think that even luna
tics could foresee and could forefean.
PiiiBxee and Aljjer.
(From the Chicago .News;)
Gov. Pingree, at the opening of his speech
thanking the Michigan Republican State conven
tion for his renomination for the- governorship,
remarked: "I am just the same- bald-headjj
old Pingree I ever was." Gov. Pingree ought to
know, but the public isjprcssion is that he is
just a little, more bald-Iwtdsd since he indorsed
Alirer. r
Needs Toning Down.
(From the- Detroit Free- Press.)
"They say. Uncle Josh, that your son Jim
promises to be a great orator and political
leader."
"Tco hichferlutin' 1 Too highferluUn' entirely!
I been tellin' that boy fur the last year that
Demosthenes, Cicero, and all them ole-time fel
lers never spoke nothin' but the plainest Eng
lish." Mallffnlnir Faithful Friends.
(From the Pittsburg Dispatch.)
Ssnator Quay says of Mr. Sowdn that "lie
lies like a dog, as he is." This is rough on
dogs. It is an insinuation that they are habitual
liars, but a gentleman who has been nil his life
engaged in the breeding of dogs declares that he
never knew one to lie intentionally.
Disastrous Activity.
(From the Detroit Free Press.)
"Superstitious people believe that eating salt
turns the hair white."
"Well, earning my salt has made my hair
gray."
Original Sin.
(From the Kansas City ,,Star.) .. .
The mistakes of Cervera have mostly resulted
from his first blunder, and that was in being
born a Spaniard.
'GENERAL POLITICAL GOSSIP.
As the day for election approaches the
political contest-In Florida becomes more
intense. The campaign between Senator
Pasco and former Senator Wilkinson
Call Is becoming gigantic in Its propor
tions. Both men are stumping the State
from tho Everglades to Pensacola. The
State has not had such a political con
test in years as that now being waged.
Both men are claiming they will bo
elected. Mr. Call seems to have the
masses for his supporters, while Senator
Pasco is more inolined to be supported
by what may be termed the classes.
There is no special reason why this dif
ference should be made, yet party lines
have been so"drawn as to make It appar
ent that there Is already a division upon
these lines.
llr. Call isl a much more formidable
campaigner thanjjs his rival. There is
more vigor and , dash In Call than In
Pasco. The fprmer will take off his coat,
If not his soclts, and go among the peo
ple and make1 friends. The latter Is just
the opposite, modest and retiring. Ho will
not do anything that would offend any
one. If all reports that come from
Florida can be relied upon, the chances
are that Call will have a majority in the
legislature. J " '
Senator Allenj who is a candidate for
re-election in tNeumska, will have no op
position in the event tha legislature Is of
his political complexion. Senator Allen
was first elected as a Populist, but the
Democrats will voto for him as well as
the Populists. There is a very strong
fight being put up by both parties and
tho Republicans are claiming that they
will carry the State by a very large ma
jority. They arc banking a great deal
on tho absence of Col. Bryan from the
State, and hope by this to make it possi
ble to secure a Republican majority In
tho legislature sufficient to elect a suc
cessor to Senator Allen.
The chief candidate of the Republicans
is Cor. John L. Webster, Col. Webster Is
one of the leading Republican polltlcans
of tho State, and is at the present Ume
prominently identified with the trans-Mls-aisslppl
exposition at Omaha.
Political cards In Texas have been so
played that the present governor, Charles
A. Culberson, will be made the successor
of Senator Roger Q. Mills. When Repre
sentative Sayers announced some months
ago that ho was going to be a candidate
for the "governorship. It was understood
that he had made a deal with Governor
Culberson that tho latter would not an
tagonize his nomination, and in conse
quence Sayers would not be a candidate
for tho Senate against Culberson. This
compact was faithfully carried out, as
Sayers was nominated for governor with
out opposition a few weeks ago at Gal
veston. Thera Is, of course, no doubt as
to his election. Mr. Sayers served one
term vCs lieutenant governor before he
camo to Congress. He is ambitious to
come to tho Senate, and It may be that
he -will make a contest for the Senate to
succeed Senator Chilton when that sena
tor's term expires.
Senator Wilson, of Washington, Is per
haps having the greatest difficulty to se
cure his re-election of any man In the
United States. There Is no strong reason
at the present time to believe that the
legislature of Washington will be other
than Republican. Senator Wilson is hav
ing a great deal of opposition In his own
party. He Is being fought by several
ambitious men who are anxious to be
come his successor. Should the legisla
ture be overwhelmingly Republican it will
undoubtedly result disastrously to Wil
son, but shuld the Republican strength
of the legislature be just large enough to
insure the election of a Republican Wil
son may pull through, It la claimed In
his State that Senator Wilson has been
Indifferent to many of the wishes of the
people out there, apd that he has also
shown bad judgment In the distribution
of patronage. I These are the chief objec
tions being raisediagalnst his re-election,
and It Is not at all Improbable that ho
may be badly fbenten.
rnformatlouTJomes from Louisville that
Waiter Evansj Rubllcan, the present
member of the, Hquse from that district,
will be overwhelmingly defeated at the
polls. His opponent, Oscar Turner, jr.,
is making a Vigorous campaign. He is
young and a daring' fellow In politics. He
Is evidencing .political ability far in ex
cess qt what ' his party supporters be
lieved he possessed. Ho is putting up a
hard tight, and th tide seems to have
turned very strongly In his favor. He is
working the war scandal for all It Is
worth, yet not .oypr-ebtlmatlng its im
portance. He, has aroused the people of
the district to an Intense antipathy to
ward tho War Department and every
thing Republican connected with the
management of the war.
The contest for the senatorship In
Pennsylvania becomes more Intense as
time progresses. Senator Quay is making
the fight of his life. The dissensions In
his party appear to beccve stronger ev
ery day. The anti-Quay element is leav
ing nothing undone to make the sena
tor's defeat possible. He seems to real
ize this as much as anyone else. Many
of those whom he expected to support
him have broken away and have joined
the ranks or the enemy. The Wana
maker Influence Is, to all appearances,
becoming more formidable than was at
first expected. Senator Quay's enemies
at Pittsburg are working with renewed
vigor. Those who know Senator Quay
best and are familiar with his methods
of political management have great faith
In his ability to re-elect himself.
Col. William J. Bryan, in entering the
army and adopting the role- of a soldier.
Is turning his attention solely to tho arts
of war. He declines with grace, but posi
tlvely and absolutely, to be led into any
statement whatsoever of his condition
politically, or of his views relative to the
issues of the day.
Col. Bryan's attention was called to the
campaign supplement of The Sunday
Times, setting forth the history of Demo
cracy for the past century, particularly
with reference to the growth and ex
pansion of the nation, and he was asked
to express an opinion or to Indicate his
approval or disapproval.
"I shall have to decline to discuss in
any way anything pertaining to politics."
was the former Presidential candidate's
reply. "I am in the army now, and do
not deem It wise, ,or a course becoming
my present position, to talk about such
matters." This was Col.- Bryan's ulti
matum, on the subject, and he could be
Induced (to say no more.
There is no doubt In the minds of those
who know the keen Interest which the
Nebraskan takes In the affairs of the na
tion that the Sphynx-like silence he Is
maintaining Is a greater sacrifice on his
part than drilling under tho scorching
Southern sun or living on the much-talked
of army ration.
The delay on the part of President Mc
Kinley In replyipg to tho request made
formally by Gov. Hplcomb and Col. Bryan
for the muster pot tf the invalid members
of the Nebraska regiment? has enabled
Col. Bryan to take-a short rest, which, on
account of his ponstant activity since his
regiment was mustered into the service
in June, will, of all ,thlngs, be vory bene
ficial ito him. Whil? he has seen no-active
campaigning the wqrk of drilling Is con
stant and weanjng to a more or less ex
tent. This is praqtically the first vaca
tion Col. Bryan has had this Summer.
He Is still In An qlty, as he did not get
away as he had planned, last night.
Gov. Holcomb left for his home yester
day, t c
The report comeSlrom "Vermont that
Senator Justin1' S. "Morrill contemplates
resigning from the Senate at he next ses
sion of the legislature which meets in Oc
tober. There is an unwritten law in that
State, which has never been departed
from in the last fifty years, that one Unit
ed States senator shall come from the
east sldo of the State and tho other from
tho west side. The mountain range which
divides the State pretty nearly in the mid
dle is the dividing line. Senator Morrill
is from the east side, and two candidates
to succeed him Representative Grput and
ex-Governor Dillingham have already de
veloped in that section. Several candi
dates on tho west are also being talked of,
but the State is so committed to the prec
edent of selecting one senator from each
side of the State that it is believed It will
never depart from it.
Justin S. Morrill was born at Stafford.
VL, onVpril 14, 1810. Hl3 early life was
spent on his father's rami, and he ob
tained his education In the common
schools and academies in his neighbor
hood. AVhen he grew to manhood he be
came a merchant, and with his partner
naa stores in various parts of Vermont.
Without seeking a nomination In 1S34 he
was unanimously named for Congress.and
on December 3, 1855, began his long ca
reer In Congress. He continued an active
member of tho House until his election
to the Senate In 1867, and has been elected
to succeed himself at the expiration of
each of his terms. Ho enjoys the distinc
tion of having served continuously In
Congress for a greater length of time
than any other man in the history of the
country. The degree of A. M. was con
ferred on Senator Morrill In 1S57. and that
of LL.D. by the University of Vermont In
1874. and also by tho University of Penn
sylvania In 1SSI.
The Little Germ' Story.
Once a Little Germ sat in the corner of a
Simday-Sclicol Hoom and Listened to the Pro
ceedings. After the Schoiats had Wriggled ami
Squirmed, and the Teachers had Explain d and
Hypnotized for Half an Hour, the Superintendent
got up and gave a Talk to the Whole SchoDl.
"Children,"" said he, "I Wi h to Impress upon
your Youthful Minds the Value cf Industry and
Perseverance. Hehold the Coral Insect, which
Toils for Yiars Beneath and Sea and Builds its
Islands of Solid Hock. Behold the Snail, which,
though it Cannot Move Fjst, yet docs not De
spair, but Perseveres. Behold the Mole, which
Works fn the Dark and Xcver Sees any of the
Beautiful Things which Surround Ua. N'ow. my
dear Children, we cannot ail be Coral Insects,
nor Snails, nor Moles, but we can all be Perse
vering. If at Fir.t you don't Succeed, try, try
Again.
"Xow, Children, I am going to tell you a
Story, and the little Boy on the Back Seat Mmt
not Stick that Pin into the Boy in Front. There
was Once a Young Lad who was left Penniles-i
and without a Home or a Friend in the World."
"Just like Me," thought the Germ.
"He became- a Newsboy on a Trail)." con
tinued the- Superintendent, "and Sjved all his
Money. Often the other Boys asked him to
Treat them to Lemonade or Cider, but he al
ways Hefused. He never Spent Anything! .for
Amusement of a Frivolous Kind on'y- for Arith
metics and Catechisms. And in a few Yea
be became a. Brakxman, and then a Conductor.
He was no Longer Pennile s; he had a Xic? lit
tle Hank Account. But still he never Spent
Money Foolishly. And in course of Time he be
came one of the Directors of the Road, and
was Able to Kxcrt an Immense Influence over his
Fellow-Men. And it was all through Industry
and Perseverance. Like the Coral Insect, he
went on Building without Knowing what he wa?
Building for. Like the Snail, he I'crkevercd.
Like the Mole1, he dsnfed himself all Unncces ary
Pleasures. And If I were to Tell you his N'atne
you would all Know "Wlicm I Mean."
"I Know!'' sang cut the Little Boy on the
Back Scat. ".My Pa says He's a Mean Scamp
and lie Bought the State Legislature lat Year."
"Sh-sh!" Exclaimed the Teachers. And the
Superintendent Sat Down.
"I will Take this Lesson to Heart," said the
Germ solemnly. And it Did.
For Some Time it wa3 not very Successful.
Food was Scarce and Hard to Come By, and
people did so much Scrubbing that the Germ
had to Move Several Times in a Great Hurry.
Then the War Broke Out and the Germ Trav
eled South to a Volunteer Camp. It found Lots
of Hottcn Meat and Vegetables and Things Ly
ing out in the Wjrm Sun.
"Qb, MyJ" aid the. Germ.
And it Worked Double Tim? for Four Months.
At the Hud of that Period, Half the Soldiers
in the Camp were down with Typhoid Fever.
"And the Germ said: "I am Beginning to have
a Great Influence-. "
By and By the Volunteers Began to go out of
Camp in Wooden Boxes, and Never Came Back,
and the , Doctor Began to Look Scared. And
the Cerm Said: "I Control the Situaticn."
Indignant People then Visited the Camp and
Expressed their Opinion of the Doctors. Some of
the Things which they Said were not Fit even
for the Ears of a Germ. The Germ was Shocked.
And it Saidr "They do not Appreciate my
Labors."-
Then the Papers Began to Spread the Fame
of that Germ from one End of the Country to
the Otter. And' the Germ Sat on a Soldier's
Left Ear and read the Headlines, and it saidr
"I am Famou-", Just Like the Man fn the Story."
Patience and Perseverance Accomplish Many
Thirds.
Hoom In the Iforsement .Market.
(Berlin Dispatch to the Chicago Record.)
The city authorities are reaping the fruits of
the senseless and unscrupulous campaign that has
been carried on in Germany against American
meat. The Berlin municipal council at a special
meeting today discussed the growing local meat
famine. This has been occasioned by the closing
of the frontier against foreign meats on the plea
of danger of infectious cattle disea-. Councilman
Kalisch came out strongly against the policy of
exclusion. He declared that- with the stringent
sanitary inspection possible at the Berlin cattle
yards, built at a coat of 16,C0O,CCO marks, there
was absolutely no danger of infection.
"Meairwlule." Herr Kalisch continued, "the
meat supply being insufficient, the prices are ris
ing without reference to supply and demand.
Consequently there- has been a large incre.w in
horse butchering of late." These assertions-Tfere
confhmcd by Councilmen Goldschmidt and Singer,
and finally, after spirited discussion, a special
committee was appointed to devise means for
enlarging the supply of meat.
Old Seed Corn.
(From the Harrcdsburg Sayings.)
Three or four years since an Indian mound in
Arkansas was being excavated, when an earthen
jar was found, hermetically scaled, that con
tained a small quantity of grains of Indian corn.
Some Of the grains were the next year planted in
Missouri, and several bushels raised. On the top
of the raowid from which the jar was dug out
a large tree four feet in diameter was growing,
and it is thought the corn lay buried about 3,003
years. "Squire James L. Xeal. one of our mest
prosperous and progressive farmers, sent and pro
cured a Small quantity of the corn, paying over
2 cents a grain. This he planted last year, but
the yield was small on account cf the drought.
He saved enough, however, to get in a good
patch this year. He has used it for roaning ears,
and says it is the best he ever had. The cars
arc not large, but grow- two or three on a
single stalk. The one thing peculiar about this
corn is its color, or rather colors. On tho same
cob arc grains of different colors and in the row
Tou can find an ear that is white, another blood
red. one salmon colored, and another perfectly
black.
No Cruelty to Homes.
(From the Chicago News.)
Dr. Huidekopcr is reputed to hi a very learned
and okillful horse and mule surgeon, and if he
doesn't complain it may be taken for granted
that the War Department covered itself with
glory in the most important particular of con
serving the health of the army quadruprds. We
must assume that if there had been any unsani
tary overcrowding of mule transports, or any
failure to guard the horses from contagion. Sur
geon Huidckoper's profss-ional conscience would
have prompted him to make a protest.
Secretary Alger has one distinguished scien
tific authority on his side.
Faulty Architecture.
(From the Chicago Record.)
"Did you enjoy the cathedrals, abroad. Miss
Shutter?"
"Xo; the horrid things were too big for my
camera."
Tlie Unfoigivcn Sin. -(From
'the Chicago Record.)
"That-woman has hated me for years."
"Did you jilt her?"
"Xo; she got up a company dinner for me
and I forgot to go."
All Ready.
(From the Cleveland Plain Dealer:)
Tho President Is the list of football players
thoroughly advertised?
The Dean It is.
The President Then-1 guess wc might as well
open up the college.
THINGS SEEN AND HEARD.
A group of telegraph operators were
exchanging reminiscences in front of one
of the downtown local telegraph offices
last evening when this story was told by
Martin Kane, the old-tme wlelder of the
electric key, from New York Stator
"At the Democratic national conven
tion in Chicago two years ago I was
sent on by my company to handle some
of the newspaper copy which was turned
into the office by tho "Washington corres
pondents who went en masse to the big
political gathering. I was stationed at
the Palmer House, and while standing
In front of the office there one night, I
was accosted by a man whom I had met
in Washington some time before, but
whose name I could not recall for ray
life. He was a newspaper man, and had
done some work in "Washington, and as
he was filing his stuff in Chicago with
our company I thought It best. In the in
terest of our business, to introduce him
to our Chicago manager, who treated all
the local boys royally. For fifteen or
twenty minutes I stood talking to him,
trying to recall his name, but without
success. Finally I remembered that 1
had a friend, a telegraph operator, form
erly of Washington, but then engaged In
the telegraph room of one of the big Xew
Yotk dailies, who also knew the man,
and who, no doubt, could recall his name
By a lucky coincidence the Chicago head
quarters of this office were located right
next to the Palmer House. I recalled the
fuct that one day just a few weeks prior
to the time when I had left "Washington
and when my New York friend, George
Hardy, was in the city we had met In
a restaurant here and had dined to
gether. An idea struck me, and, excus
ing myself to the newspaper man, asking
him if he wouldn't wait a moment, I
rushed into the Chicago headquarters of
the New York newspaper office next door
and ajked the head operator:
" 'Which wire is Hardy working on in
New York?'
" 'That one," he replied, pointing to a
certain desk In the office.
"Going ovf:r to the desk, I grabbed the
key and sent this message to the New
York office: 'Hardy, what Is the name of
that fellow who dined with us a few
weeks ago in "Washington?' naming the
date, of course, and noting an incident or
two that had happened and what we had
talked about.
" That was Smith.' he replied.
" Thanks, I answered.
"I ran back Into the Palmer House, and,
grasping my friend by the arm. led him
Into the manager and introduced hlm.
The Incident never occurred to me as re
markable at tho time, but I thought of It
afterward and it struck me as being a
trifle odd. At any rate. Ill bet a hat that
Smith never knew that I telegraphed to
New York from Chicago that night In
leas than five minutes to learn his name
while he was waiting for me next door."
A ragged, red-faced individual who had
evidently seen better days shambled up
to the prescription desk of a drug store
In one of the downtown hotels last night
and, drawing a pint flask from his coat
pocket, asked In a husky voice for five
cents' worth of alcohoL
"What do you want It for?" asked the
clerk, eyeing him carefully.
"I want It to mix some paint with." re
plied the man of the stuffed voice and un
steady galL
"To mix some paint with, eh," replied
the clerk, "and on Sunday night, too.
Old man, I gues you had better get out
of this shop and get your paint-mixing
ingredients somewhere else."
The man resignedly pocketed his flask
and 3-cent piece and wandered out of the
place.
"They try all sorts of dodges to evade
the Sunday liquor law," said the clerk,
after the tattered individual had left the
store. "That, man wanted the alcohol to
drink, and I don't believe he ever saw a
bucket of paint, excepting nose paint,
perhaps. That class of drinkers can't
get quick enough action out of the ordi
nary liquor and they drink the pure al
cohol. During the other six days of the
week we are obliged to sell it to them
when they ask for it; but on Sunday,
knowing that they drink the stuff, it Is
a -violation of the law. This morning a
drunken old fellow came Into the place
here and asked for some of the stuff, and
when I asked him what he proposed do
ing with it, he replied that he wanted to
use It In a chafing dish. Others want It
for 'medicinal purposes. "We have any
where from a dozen to twenty-five or
thirty of these fellows in here every Sun
day. Of course there are some legitimate
calls for alcohol on Sunday, but we use
our judgment in all cases and can easily
dlstingulsh the drinkers from the other
class."
"There are some mighty queer people
among the enlisted men In the United
States navy," said an old retired naval
officer in the lobby of one of the hotels
last night In discussing some of the re
markable characteristics of the bone and
sinew of the American army and navy.
"I remember one fellow in particular in
the forecastle of one of our old-time
warships who distinguished himself
among the officers and men on the boat
Insa- way which, considering the circum
stances, was quite odd. This fellow came
originally from New York, and, as I
afterwards learned, belonged to one of
tho best old families In the State. He
was a wayward sort of an Individual,
however, and it seems that his father,
who was plentifully supplied with this
world's goods, and who had always treat
ed his son liberally, had finally become
tired of his pranks and. had turned him
out of the house without enough money
to buy a day's rations for a. soldier In
Cuba. Tho young fellow was stumped
when he found himself out into the cold
and marble-hearted -world, and the Idea
struck him to enlist In the navy. When
he applied for enlistment the officers saw
by his dress and manners that he was no
ordinary fellow, and upon questioning
him they found that he was a graduate
of one of the big Northern colleges, and
further, that he had studied music
abroad. The young sailor never at
tracted much further attention until
after we had reached an European sta
tion. One day he was, given shore leave
and when he returned to duty he was
visibly laboring under 'heavy sea. but
well able to walk straight and talk in
telligibly. Under his arm, as he came
aboard, he carried a violin. It was a
cheap affair, but It had a good tone, as
we afterwards discovered. As he came
aboard ship one of his bunkles asked him
in an insolent sort of way what he had
under his arm. He replied that he had
a violin.
" 'What are you going to do with that
thing here?' asked hi3 shipmate.
" 'I'll show you what 1 am going to do
with it,' the young fellow replied tearing
the cover off the Instrument. Grasping
the neck of the violin In his left hand In
a manner which well showed that he was
accustomed to the piece and flourishing
his bow over the strings he drew forth
some of the choicest gems from that,
cheap old box that I ever head In my
life. It was not the wine which he had
drank which gave him the inspiration,
but a genuine talent for music He played
classic after classic In a manner which
brought every man on the ship around
him. The tone of tho violin under his
soft, soothing bow was rich and pure and
the notes came forth with a mellifluence
which held his listeners in breathless ner
vous silence.
"His execution was remarkable and the
fingers of his left hand fairly danced from
one string to the other and from one end
of the neck of the Instrument to the other.
When he had concluded his first selection,
an air from one of the Italian classics, his
face was sad, made so no doubt by the
Both the Saks and Smith
Buildings will be open TO
DAY. Tomorrow the Saks Build
ing will be OPEN for .busi
nessbut the Smith Building
will be closed, to receive' the
decorator 5 final touches, be
fore the formal opening of
the Greater Saks Stores.
Watch the daily papers for
notice of the interesting event.
Saks & Company
Penna. Ave. and 7th St.
recollection of better times which this
simple little Instrument had awakened in
mm, ana ne made a motion to put the
violin back into its case, but he was re
strained from doing so by officers and
men alike. He was asked and finally or
dered to play again and again and the
crowd kept him busy there for over two
hours.
"That young fellow always had mv ad
miration after that. The captain took a
liking to him also and soon after that, he
was given an appointment as a- warrant
officer but left the navy shortly after
ward." One of the first Porto RIcans to come
to this country with the purpose of ulti
mately becoming an American citizen is
Ramon Diaz, the mascot of the Fourth
Company of the American Signal Co'rps,
now at the Washington Barracks.
Ramon Is1but ten years of age. yet
he Is a thinker for himself, and says he
will make a pan of himself in this, cSiin
try. He cannot say it ia English, bow
ever, for hejls unable to speak anything
but the tongue of his people Spanish.
Young Diaz is now at th v?a,...
t Barracks and is under- th frinr-. nr
: Lieut. Crawford, who took a fancy tothe
jau m rono jkico. lie proposes to take
the boy to his home in Little Rock, AT-k.,
and will educate him at his own expense.
The boy's mother Is living, but nothing
Is known of his father. The mother is at
Ponce, and was not asked by the lad for
permission to come to this country. She
knew, however, that he was anx!ou to
uu.hc, iur iie was ior nve weeks the mas-
.-. ui me signal corps, ana said that he
was determined to accompany the man to
America. When the signal battalion
started from Ponce on the transoort
Stneca young Diaz stowed away in the
hold of the vessel. Two more Porto
RIcans. bent on adventure, attempted to
hide themselves on the transport. but
they were discovered and put ashore. The
boy when, at length, found by a salTor,
was suffering from pneumonia, due toex
posure. He was given good care 3nd
when the Seneca reached Jersey Citylhe
ginger-colored Porto Rican ran downline
gangplank as lively as a sparrow.
He was a queer looking object. His
natlVA IrmiCArQ TPAra - nM-.x
j so one of the men had given the lad a
pair or KnaKi uniform trousers. Lieut
Crawford bought a stylish-looking mili
tary suit for him in Jersey City.
Lieut. Crawford will remain here until
the signal men are furloughed and Hen
he will take the Porto Rican to Little
Rock and start him to school. -
A HamiletH Inveitlsrntlon. -
(From the New Orleans Times-Ikraoemt-V
Several of the Republican conventions calte-I
for an investigation, and It is evident tteit"k
better class of Republican sentiment fees the ne
cessity for probing the war scandals. By per
sisting in his effort, therefore, to get a-eora-mision.
in spite of all the difficulties m the
way, the President greatly strengthens the R
publican position, and benefits the nay at tfee
congressional elections, in the opinion of the
politicians. The party goes before the pepJe
tith a declaration in favor of a rigid, irryejtjga
tion, and at the ame- time ecapesj the bad
results that will follow that investigation, for
it will scarcely get to work before the el.ctiens.
and will certainly not bring out any of the
damning evidence in time to do any harm.
Thus the Administration will sseur only bene
fit from the propo-ed investigation withAtt'any
element of danger.
Such an investigation may please the'.Xdmfn-i-tration,
but it will not satisfy the people. It
is not sueh ar investigation as they want. It
is not only the Administration investigating it
self, but the commissisn is practieaUV power
las. Mtirlc Tnaln'.H Cramps. ""
(From the New York Tribune.) "
At an evening party in London, some tinw
ago. a gushrmr girl was introduced to Mar!;
Twain. .
"Oh, Mr. Clenvns!" he said. "New, please, d
tell me! I've been thinking of taking tip writing,
but I am so afraid that dreadful rrfcrs -cramp
one hears somuch about did you evel- have itf
"I did, madam."
"And what did jou take for it!"
"Beefsteak."
"Just fancy! But how and where did ym
apply it."
"Broiled and internally." said Jlarfc Twain,
gravely. "I can't answer for it? being- a panacea,
but it cured the kind of cramp I had, all rfgac"
Popr Hrltnln.
(From Puck.)
Uncle Hiram They say the sun never stts on
the "Briti-h empire.
Aunt Hannah Doesn't it. now? And we hav
such magnificent snnsetrtrrcr here.
Encunragement.
(Frcm the Chicago News.)
He No; I can't afford to marry.
She Why!. I'm sure the tailor would triat
you for a dress .suit if you mentioned paf
name.
Invltntlnua.
(From, the Richmond Dbpitcb.)
There is a Milwaukee- girl whose- name Ts Hug
afeller. and they say all the boy -of her ace
quaintancc pronounce the word interro;at"vcIy.
Mexican Immigrants.
(From the Lecsburg Commercial.)
Thousands of pauper Mexicans are alleged to
lie flowing into Texas as a result of the recent fcijr
compelling all men between the ages of eighteln
and thirty-five to serve a term in the army.
TIiIk tlueer Old World.'
It is queer how thifig3 go by contraries, here,
"Ti always tco cold or too hot.
And the prizes wc miss, you know, always appear
To lie better than tho.-e that we've gotr
It is alway3 too wet, or too dusty and dry.
And- the land is too rough or too flat.
There's nothing that's perfect beneath the blue
sky,
But
It's a pretty good world for all that.
Some people are born but to dig in the soil.
And sweat for the bread that they cat.
While some never learn the hard meaning".cf' Wil,
And live on the things that arc sweet;
A few are too rich and a lot are too poor.
And some are too lean or too fat
Ah, the hardships arc many that men must en
dure, But
It's a pretty, good world far all that.
The man who must think envi s them that rnust-b
Kver pcunding and digging for men.
And the man with the pick would be h-ippy if he
Might play with the brtbh or the pent
All things go by contraries here upon earth.
Life is empty and sterile and flat;
Man begins to complain on the day of his birth,
But -f"
It's a pretty good world for all that.
Cleveland Leader.
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