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THE TJMES. WASHINGTON. MONDAY OCTOBER 10. 1898. &imt& QlORNING, EVKXINC AKD STNDAY.) THE TIMES COMPANY. STILTON tfUTCHlNS. President R rCBUCATIOX OFFICE. ? Tllb KUTCKINS BUILDING, Ccmcr Tenth and D Streets Northwest f CJPCKJPriOX RATEl " MULT 1T CAKKItB: h crclne. Evening and Sunday Fifty Cents Koio'db nnd Sunday Thirty-live Cents lcnlcc and Sunday Thirty-five Cents uv mail. Cce Year. Morning, Kvcnlns and Sunday. .tSM Six Months, " " 3-03 hi ec Months. " " " .. 1.75 Oce Yeas Morning and Sunday 4.00 SbTMoathx, " 2-2f 2 tree Months. - " " l.t One Year. Evening and Sunday -1.00 Eix Months, " " - - 5 Liee Months, " - " 1.23 Etcday onlr. One Year lOU Ciders by raaQ must be accompanied by Inscription price rrr,-,, (Editorial Booms 83 SSSS. Business Office 1610 .mjiieers. j t-jj-cujatjoa Department 2o6 CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of THE TIMES for the week ended Oct. S. 1S9S, was as follows: Sunday, October 2. 50.100 Monday. October 3 46,136 Tuesday, October 4 46.16S Wednesday, October 5 . . - . 46,145 Thursday, October 6 .- . . . . 46.0S6 Friday, October 7 46,185 Saturday, Octobers 46,067 Total 296.SS7 Daily average (Sunday, 20,100, ex cepted) 46.131 THE TIMES. In sll 1(8 editions. Morning. Even leg and Sunday, will be mailed to one addresi for FIFTY CENTS per month. Addresses chanced u often ts desired. Readers of THE TIMES who may at any time be enable to procure copies of It at any news itand cr railroad station or on railroad trains. Kill confer a. favor upon the management by send In; to this office information of the fact. Communications intended for publication in THE TIMES should be tersely and plainly written, snd must in all cases be accompanied by the same and address of the writer. Rejected com municctions will not be preserved, and only man oscripts of obvious importance will be returned to their authors. The Advertisers' Guarantee Company, of Chi cago, hereby certifies that it has, by its expert examiners, proven and attested the circulation of THE TIMES, Washington, D. C. The daily srerage PAID circulation for the month of Au gust, lfSS, was 40,020 copies. This is GUARANTEED to the advertisers of the country by a BOND of $50,000 in the Fidelity find Deposit Company of Maryland, deposited rith the Northwestern National Bank, of Chicago. ADVERTISERS' GUARANTEE COMPANY. By J. R. MASON. President. MONDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1S9S. SoKOKfa'A Reported Disillusion. It is as well to take any alleged in formation on the subject of peace, em anating from Madrid, with a great deal of reserve, and he would not be often wrong -who declined to believe any of it on general principles. Nevertheless, it may be true, as the dispatches repre sent, that Senor Sagasta has abandoned Jiope of being able to secure any action of the powers to prevent our retention of the Philippines, and has made up his mind to swallow the bitter pill of a complete surrender of Spanish sover eignty in the Orient, -with the best grace possible under the circumstances. His reported conviction that all ""chance of violently withdrawing the Philippine question from consideration and decision by the Peace Commission and having it referred to an interna tional tribunal, exemplifies the strength of the American position. The French Foreign Office has plainly Intimated that France need not be expected to do more than feel very sorry for Spain, and that under conditions of diplomatic silence. The tone of the leading Berlin press In dicates that the German government will not Interpose any objection to the annexation of the archipelago by the United States, and, as for Russia, that power may be assumed to view Ameri can occupation and control with com placency. None of the continental powers would fee likely to hail an international settle ment of the Philippine future with lavor. They would all have to be rep resented in the -Congress, which would be necessary, supposing that America were foolish enough to consent to for eign Interference in a question solely between this country and Spain. That would simply mean a reopening of all the threatening questions between the lot of them. There is nothing in the situation to suggest that either France or Germany might get anything out of the result, to warrant the risk of trou bles -which would be apt to follow an effort to partition the new American possession among the governments of the Continent; for that is all that inter : national interference would mean. If Spain has come to realize that sov terelgnty in the islands is forever lost. ft is certain that a desperate struggle .will be made to induce the United States to assumo-the Philippine debt, "which is stated to amount to forty mil lion dollars. "We are advised that this proposition, as a last resort, is being advocated with great energy by the same people on this side who succeeded in obtaining President McKinley's con sent to the terms of the Edmunds-Ireland protocol Most of the public se curities representing the debt are held by the Jesuit, Franciscan, and Augus tinian religious orders, who have been until recently the real governing and financial power in. the Philippines, and against whose rule, rather than the merely nominal one of Spain, the na tives have repeatedly raised the banner of revolution. But that is a question of moral rather than legal evidence; besides rwhich, church and state are so com pletely In combination in the kingdom, and have been in its late dependencies, that it would be impossible to hit one Svithout hurting the other. As an ab Etract proposition it might occur to the iAmerlcan people that it would be hard upon the monastic orders to repudiate fc Spanish debt representing some of their investments. On the other hand. It Is somewhat difficult to forget that they have enjoyed the pickings of the archipelago for centuries, and have de rived a revenue of annual millions from their opportunities. So, under all the circumstances there perhaps would be Some excuse for considering that they already had their quantum meruit, and could therefore have little cause of complaint for the loss of, say, what yould be equivalent to the unearned In be crement of a few years', operations In the islands: This, or even a less sympathetic view might appear to b all the, more justi fied when il Is considered 'that usage, and, in our case, equity, entitle the vic tor nation to exact war Indemnity from the vanquished in cash or kind. The punitive war in which the United States was compelled to engage against a common enemy of civilization and humanity, has been costly. Money, or security for money, sufficient to make us whole on the transaction, is not in the power of Spain to furnish. "We are forced to take real estate, and, to be frank about it, would take real estate in any event, since American public sentiment would never tolerate the rele gation of any people once rescued bv us, to the robbery, outrage.,murder and general horror of Spanish misgovem ment. As we are to retain the Philippines as the most valuable and available asset acquired in the war, and for the ma terial purpose of paying ourselves out, it would seem to be the height of na tional folly for us 'to assume mortgages with which, legally or honorably, we have no necessary concern. On the whole, therefore, the probabilities would seem to be that, unless the Administra tion desires to defy the majority senti ment of the country, the Philippine debt will have to be regarded as wiped out, along with Spanish sovereignty. The Medical UcfoctN. The surgeon general, at least, has not been misled into thinking the Alger Re lief Commission wanted evidence against anybody except, perhaps, against the suffering soldiers them selves and their immediate officers. In his statement he proved that he knew just what was desired. Instead of giv ing specific information as to the de fective medical service in Cuba, he re cites the general, long-standing and un avoidable deficiency in the medical de partment of the army and the "necessity of employing contract surgeons of un known qualifications, and all the facts that will form a link in the Alger chain of defense. There are certain things about the medical department in the movement on Santiago that would bring the responsibility for utter In competency or neglect or both directly home to somebody. They would show that the officials at Washington, plead ing limited authority, took no pains to see whether the army was protected from needless afflictions and death. Of these he makes no distinct mention. He does pay a tribute to the surgeons in the field, whose devotion and thoroughness have never been,quEsUon ed by anybody. All along an attempt has been made to show that complaints against the operating surgeons were un founded, when, in fact, nobody has ever made charges against them. The surgeon general has in his office the report of Surgeon Godfrey, of the First Division. That would serve any real Investigating body as a basis of In quiry. It proves, what everybody has conceded, that the surgeons in the field were brave and devoted to duty; that they performed wonders under the most exasperating and inexcusable dif- 1 Acuities. It shows that not until two days before the corps left Tampa were any enlisted men detailed fcr hospital service, and then only eighteen were selected They had but one short drill in their work, which is of great im portance, since the lives of many wounded must depend on their ef ficiency. "When the battle was begun, thes eighteen men were exhausted from carrying hospital supplies dn the.r backs from the landing place, and be sides, thev were needed at the hospital and could not be spared to bring in the wounded. There is no mention, any where, of the Red Cross litter bearers. For the entire army there were but three ambulances. The few over worked surgeons and their eighteen men dnne recklessly near to the fight ing line, removing their outfit according to need. One surgeon was killed by a Spanish bullet. The wounded were forced to crawl or limp their own way to the rear. Those who were but slightly hurt were able to do with the dressing from their emergency packet; but the seriously wounded were left to bleed to death If they could iot find the surgeons. Gen eral Wheeler. In his official report, says he had to take men from the fighting line to carry back the wounded "on improvised Utters." Now, the surgeon general savs It was not his business to see that an adequate number of en listed men were detailed for hospital duty and thoroughly drilled; that he was not required to .see that the alleged Red Cross litter bearers were in fact attached to the army, were properly drilled and officered and equipped with all needed appliances: it was not his business to inquire whether the hospital system was properly organized. Dr. Victor C. "Vaughan, of this Dis trict, was attached to what he con siders a model field hospital, and he 13 not disposed to complain; but even he admits there were no arrangements for bringing In the wounded. Another surgeon, Dr. James S. Kennedy, whose report is probably on file In the surgeon general's office, says that four days after he reached the hospital, the sup ply of medicine was exhausted and he could do nothing for the many severe cases of dysentery and diarrhea, while for the fever patients he had only qui nine. On the steamer Olivette he saw Red Cross supplies; he saw officers helping themselves to champagne, ice cream and other delicacies, "not one particle of which ever reached a hos pital." That there was a general and fatal looseness about the medical ser vice he proves beyond a doubt. Ten sick men were abandoned when their regiment came North. The officers sup posed the doctors would care for them, but the day after the regiment left they were found in camp without at tention of any kind and with nothing left for them, except starvation or suicide." The transport scandals were another logical result of the absence of a medi cal system, as well as the lack of sani tary precautions. The refugees, infect ed with the germs Of yellow fever, were allowed to wash their clothes in the water used by the soldiers and were permitted to mingle freely with the troops. Back of all the suffering was this superlative crime of the failure to institute a medical system. A real in vestigating board will require the sur geon general to locate the responsi bility for this. Dr. Senn has frankly charged it all to General Shafi?r. It provetfhe nerve and courage of the surgeon general that while writing about the medical service he omits all reference to the appointment of a horse doctor as the superior of the experienc ed regular army surgeons. However, It is only fair to General Sternberg to say he knew the Commission has no desire to go into. such matters. Mr. Alffcr's Artful UodRC. We are sincerely sorry that the New York World has seen fit to dig up that old Credit Moblller matter. In connec tion with General G. M. Dodge, presi dent of the Alger Relief Commission. The general public had forgotten all about it, the Republican press did not wish to revive it for obvious reasons, and level-headed persons among Demo crats had quite sufficient grounds for wishing It to remain in oblivion for the present. We have sympathized with the more intelligent Democratic view of, the Dodge question from the outset. Aside from the political considerations in volved, The Times has been satisfied that the selection of Dodge, as a man to be finessed into the chairmanship of the whitewash board, was engineered by Hanna and Alger and conceded by, Mr. McKinley without any recollection at the time, of the relations which the coming "Commissioner" once had with the Credit Mobilier scandal and Con gressional investigation. , The President is too honest a man and too good a politician knowingly to have destroyed the last shred of public confidence In his Alger Inquiry, by con fiding its conduct to a man of such in vestigation record as Dodge. It would have been grotesque, not to say foolish, in him to have said, in effect, to the country: "Here are officials, charged with all manner of Incapacity, or cor rupt interest in contracts. I will have a coroner's jury to sit on them, and the foreman shall be one who has had ex perience. I will name Dodge, the man who was difficult to find when wanted In the Credit, Moblller case; the man of whom the Congressional committee in its report said, in part, that 'the chief engineer (Dodge) of the road (the Union Pacific) was largely Interested in the contracts for its construction,' " etc. Mr. McKinley must have been ignor ant of the identity of .this General Dodge, with the artfully dodging Credit Mobilier person whose whereabouts were once such a matter of interest to the sergeant-at-arms and the secret service agencies used to secure the at tendance of Invisible witnesses. AVhat cver may have been the Presidential hope or expectation in creating the Al ger Relief Commission, it certainly was not of a kind to be promoted by prom inence given to a survivor of the Credit Mobilier unpleasantness. We have often expressed-confidence in Mr. McKinley's peisonal Integrity, and we do not believe that, consciously, he was to blame In this matter, any more than he was in being persuaded into signing the Edmunds-Ireland pro tocol. So, on his account, we should have been glad if the identity of Dodge had not been exploited. Perhaps we ought to-be honest enough to state that, while the foregoing is true, there Is yet an element of selfish ness In our feelings. We greatly object to having entire discredit thrown upon the origin, rise, decline and fall of the Alger Relief Commission, especially when it comes In a sensational way. The danger is that the exposure might result in such a wave of popular Indig nation as to give the Democratic party an unwieldly majority in the next House. Unhappily, history,, which is liable to repeat Itself, tells us that big Demo cratic majorities in Congress generally have involved fighting, foolishness and loss of the ensuing Presidential election. It Is with solid satisfaction we note an intention on the part of the Administra tion to erect a whitewash board for the benefit of Sampson. The hero of Matan zas still has his mighty pull with the De partment, and is especially strong among his old colleagues of the Bumboat and Barnacle Bureaus. They do not mean to leave him until the meeting of Consresa under the cloud of a popular disfavor too strong for any amount of official favorit ism to override. He will, therefore, be accorded an investigation warranted to result in aooiute proof tliat he, and not Schley, conquered Cervera, and also that he, and not Dewey, won the victory of Manila Bay. General Weyler is on deck again and watching for an opportunity for monu mental mischief. It Is said in Madrid that he has finally decided to ally him-, self with the Republican party. He to exactly the kind of man who would do that same thing if he lived in the Unite States, and he and Empress Dowager Hanna would make a team leaving noth ing to be desired. As It Is, "Weyler Is re ported to be working for a joint Spanish and Portuguese revolution, the result of which he thinks would be an Iberian "re public" with nimself as its dictator. He probably incudes Portugal In his plana and ambitions for the reason that there is yet something in that country for him to steal. It mighc be as well if our authorities were to follow the example of the powers at Canea, who have advised the Sultan to get out under the penalty of being put out by force. B.anco and our other Turks In Havana are sadly In need of the same kind of treatment. The Sampson methoa of dealing with them would devote them to the horrible and lingering death of old age before they could be expected to de part. According to European reports, one ef fect of our war with Spain has been to excite American commercial enterprise in the Old World, and we are told that the "high-pitched voices-' of Yankee drummers are to be heard in most ho tels on the continent. The town of Hast ings, in England, has contracted with an American firm for water pipes, and Liverpool Is laying street car rails from this country. The Spanish war was just vhat was wanted to awaken our people from the deathly stupor in which they had been lying ever since Cleveland's personally-conducted gold panic of 1S9J. When our possession of tho Philippines has been settled, there will be another and a livelier whirl. There Is a pleasant prospect that the proposed treaty between this country and Great Britain, providing for equitable rec iprocity with Canada, will shortly be in shape for signature at Quebec. "Reci procity," an old Democratic horse, stolen and harnessed by the Republicans, is doing some excellent plow work. Every furrow he walks cuts the sod of Repub lican Chinese tariff Insanity. Trust and monopoly "protection" is not likely to he much in evidence in the national policies of the twentieth century. - GENERA'D. POLITICAL GOSSIP. As was stated', in The Times some time ago, the Republican managers are bend ing all of their energies to retain control of the next House of Representatives and also secure 'a straight majority in the United States Senate. The President is naturally more concerned over the con gressional qjitlppk than in tho outcome of any of the local State contests. He would view -the defeat of Col. Roosevelt in New York," 'for Instance, with com mendable fortitude, provided It did not carry with it the ldss of Republican rep resentatives in the House and prevent tha election of a member of his own party to succeed Senator Murphy in the Senate. Mr. Hanna is understood to have a writ ten pledge from Col. Roosevelt not to make a grab for the Presidency in 13.0, but both Mr. McKinley and Mr. Hanna would rest easier In their minds if Roose velt should be eliminate! from the list of possible rivals by a def -at at the polls in November. They hae observed that people of the Roosevelt order are subject to change of mind and purpose, under strong temptation! Mr. Hanna," Chairman Babcock of thu Republican Congressional Committee, and other eminent Republican statesmen, have been holding a series of comerar.ces In New York over the political outlook. They frankly admit the gravity of the situation from their point of view, and the necessity for prompt and vigorous ac tion to prevent the Administration -having a hostile Congress upon its hands during "the last half of its existence. Mr. Hanna and his co-womera have, if is said, succeeded in raUing prodlgous sums of money during tne last fortnight for campaign expenses, and the "pro.npt and vigorous action" will no doubt hi set in motion without delay. Twenty-live States electing legislatures this Fall will choose United States Sena tors next Winter. Of this number nine are now Republican, twelve Democratic, one (Nebraska) Populist, und three (Ne vada, Utah and Montana), silver. The States In which successors to Republican Senators will be elected are: Michigan, Minnesota, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maine, Wyoming, Connecticut, vashing ton und "Vermont. Uhe States electing successors to Democratic Senators arc Tennessee, Missouri, West Virginia, Flor ida, New jertey, Indiana, Delatvf.ro. uex as, Wisconsin, New York, North Dakota and California. Chairman Babcock, In an Interview on the situation, had this to say: "There are thirty-four ho.dover Repub lican Senators. McComas has already been elected in Maryland, and Mr. S.mon has been chosen In Oregon. In order to control thejSonate the Repub leans must elect ton of; the twenty-six Senators re maining to be .elected. "If the election had been held six weeks ago we should have been beaten. There was a general feeling then that the Government had been guilty of misman agement. Slncri then the feeling has grown that the criticisms were exagger ated, and pride In the achievements of the army and 'navy has succeeded it. Tho people will see the necessity of giving President McKinley a friendly House in view of the fact that the negotiations growing out of ! the war are still unset tled. ' ... If Mr. Babcock's calculations do not strike a snag between now and the Sth of 'November, the1 Republicans will have a clear majority df ten In the Senate. But the estlniates of campaign managers do not always pan out. Mr. Babcock would probably be1 willing to compromise today on a basis of a fifty per cent discount on his estimates. As to the House of Repre sentatives, Mr. Babcock and Mr. Hanna are inclined to be pessimistic. They con cede losses, but hope to nave a majority when the votes are counteu. They refuse to give any figures on the House, and be tween tho lines of their statements it is most apparent that they have very little hope of saving the House to their party. . Gen. Charles II. Grosvenor, who has posed before the public as the special representative and mouthpiece of tho President, ts about the only Republican of any prominence who speaks at all con fidently regarding the complexion of the next House of Representatives. He has issued a challenge to Chairman Kerr of the Democratic Congressional Commit tee, which that gentleman will probably accept with great alacrity. Grosvenor offers to bet Mr. Kerr $10,000 even money that the Democrats will not gain a single congressional district In Ohio; also 55,000 even money that the Republicans will make a gain in the Buckeye State. ... There Is some curiosity manifested as to whose money Gen. Grosvenor proposes to use in covering his proposed wagers. He has always passed in Washington as a comparatively poor man. Is Mr. Hanna using some- of his newly-acquired cam paign funds for bluffing purposes? ... The betting over in New York has, up to date, contained much more wind than substance. Very little actual money has as yet been put up on aitner side. The supporters of Col. Roosevelt started out to create the Impression that he was a prime favorite in the betting pools. They offered to back him at 2 to 1, up to al most any amount. But when their offers were promptly snapped up, they weaken ed. A few-, enthusiasts placed a small number of little bets on Roosevelt at the odds named; but the men who really gamble on elections have not done any betting to speak of. as yet. By election day It Is predicted that-the supporters of Jus tice Van Wyck will have to offer odds If they hope to place very much money on the result In, the Empire State. f The Hori.iJames J. Belden, of Syracuse, is going through his regular act of run ning as an Independent candidate for- Congress, after having been turned down by the regular Republican convention. Mr. Belden? has been doing this for lo, these manjr years, and he always comes out on topr , It does not seem to make any difference to Mr. Belden on what ticket his name Is placed, he Is elected just the same. His friends say that Mr. Belden could run on the Prohibition ticket and win, and, judging from the results in 'the past, they are not very wide of the mark. Mr. Belden is a very wealthy nutn .and when he goes In to make a fighthls one Idea Is to win. Some of his former congressional campaigns are said to have cost him an amount that would be a comfortable fortune to the average man. ... The outlook for Senator Quay and the Republican party In Pennsylvania grows darker and darker, as the full significance of the recent revelations of Quay's con nection with tho People's Bank scandals is understood. Hundreds of people in the Keystone State have stood ready to join In a movement against Quay the moment they thought that it would be successful. They are apparently con vinced that the time has finally arrived -when the famous Pennsylvania boss can be suppressed and recruits to the anti Quay forces are coming in every day. The plum tree that Quay has been shak ing so successfully for so many years has joined tho -procession. If Quay wins under the circumstances he will have demonstrated that he- is really the most' remarkable politician of the present generation. PRYING DEPARTMENT FAT. How Money for Ohio In Reiiig: RiiIm eulii "tVnKhiiiKtoii. One need not, have been a mind reader to know that Senator Hanna and h's associates in the management of the Re publican campaign have been badly scared for some time over the prospect of their losing control of the next House of Representatives. It has been apparent to tho 'dullest mind, but very few per sons probably thought that such a good man as Mr. Hanna could be induced to wink at an evasion if not a direct viola tion of the law to accomplish his ends. But such seems to be the case. For the past fortnight Mr. Hanna, Mr. Babcock, chairman of the Republican Congressional Committee, and half a dozen others" have been' Scurrying back and forth between Boston, New York. Philadelphia and the large cities of the East, raising money for campaign ex penses. Report has it that these gentle men have been successful beyond their fondest dreams; that they have already secured a cool million, and are well on the road to pass the second million mile stone. But notwithstanding all this, Mr. Hanna is not satisfied. While- he has been personally attending to- holding up the big fish, he has apparently seen to it that the little ones did not e3tape either. The Times has come into the possession of two letters sent to a clerk In one of the Departments here asking for a campaign contribution. The letters are signed by R. L.. Holland, a member of the Ohio Re publican State Executive Committee. The letters are written on the letter heads of the Republican State Committee of Ohio, though bearing a Washington date. Following Is letter No. 1, inviting the victim to step up to the captain's office and settle: Ohio Republican State Central and Executive Committee:, Washington, D. C, Sept. 30, 1S03. Pear Sir: 1 am here by authority of the- Ohio Republican Stale Executive Committee in the in terest cf the present campaign in our State. The opposition, as jou have doubtless obrvrd, is well organized, detennin d, and aggressive. Tin earnest support of every Ohio Republican and friend of our party will be necessary to maintain our supremacy in Ccngrcss and elect our State ticket. Therefore, to the end that e may have the benefit of your advice and co.opcr.Uion, 1 in vite you to call at room No. 121, Cochran Ho:el, Fourteenth and K Streets northwest, between 4 and 10 p. in. As my time in Washington is limited, I re quest that you call within the next few days. Very truly. It. L. HOLLAND, Member Uhicr Hepublican State Executive Com mittee. Letter' number two is not so polite and Is much shorter. In fact, some astute persons might perceive in it something very much resembling a threat. At all events, letter number two has a bulldoz ing ring about It which reminds one foi clbly of the old days before such a thing as a civil service law was ever thought of. Here it is: Ohio Hepublican State Central and Executive Com-mittees, Wasliinston, D. C, Oct. 5, 1593. Dear Sir: In my n-ccnt letter of invitation, I aimed to address only those in sympathy with the cauifc of Itepublicanum, whoe aid and co operation th working Republicans of Ohio con fidently - aRd many have- caJltd to meet the cxpecUtWfit of their Ohio Republican frundt. I lioiio to meet you at the Cochran, room 'o. 121, s me time this w:ek, between i and W o no k p. in. Very truly. K. L. HOLLAND. Member Ohio Republican Stats Executive Com mittee. Upon the letter-head of the paper used by Mr. Holland is a cut of the American flag, which Is certainly an Indecent use to make of Old Glory, to say the least. Chairman Kerr, of the Democratic Con gressional Committee, states that he be lieves that the use of the flag in this connection Is In direct violation of the statutes enacted several years ago to pre vent misuse of the national emblem. He Intends to prosecute the mate committee for violation of the law. But the plain evasion of the letter and spirit of the civil service law by the Ohio Republi can State Committee should, and doubt less will receive the prompt attention of the Democratic managers. It only shows to what straits the Republicans are in when they deem It necessary to resort to such questionable methods. It is gen erally understood that similar letters have been addressed to all of the Ohio clerks In the department and that a large amount of money has been raised in con sequence. Of course, no such letters would bo sent out without consultation with the big chiefs of the party. Senator Hanna certainly must have known about the matter and It Is not unlikely that the President himself was informed about It. However, the Presi dent will know about it now, and he must take some action to rebuke the zeal of his friends or be held responsible before the public for their disreputable acts. It was Garfield, the nominee of the G. O. P.. in 1SS0. ior President, who wrote to "my dear Hubbell" and Inquired "how the Departments were generally doing." Will Mr. McKinley address a similar let ter to "my dear Hanna?" Chairman Kerr says that his reports from Ohio are of the most encouraging character. He feels confident of gaining three or four Democratic representatives In the Buckeye State, notwithstanding the certainty that the other side will make cash flow like water. AliandoiiIiiK the Reformation. (From the Christian Intelligencer.) It is said that there are 1,700 clergymen of the Church of England who are members of the Con fraternity of the- DIcssyd Sacrament, oran zsd to destroy the work of the reformation. They are allies of the Cfaurch of Home, and in bjlief and practice agree with that body (including- confes sion to priests). Many efforts have been made to prevent these- clergymen f-om continuing their Romish practices in the churches of ths Churdi of England, but with only small success. The bi?hop9 of the state church are apparently in different to the attempts to Romanize the Church of England. It is claimed that the large majority of the membership i3 oppccd to the efforts of t'la Cm fraternity and allied- societies, such as the Holy Cross and the Ritualistic Sisterhoods. There is unquestionably a decided tendency among the clergy of the Church of England toward the Ro man Church." The otCier denominatiens of Chris tiana in Great Britain have foim-il-a federation to oppose this sacerdotalism, and endeavor to Romanize the Christian people cf Great Britain. The membership cf the churches of this alliance Is now larger than that of the Churcft of England, and that majority bids fiir to increase stead ly. The prospect is that in a few years the Epi'ccjul Church will cease to be the established church of Great Britain. Jnmnicu Ginger. (From the Boston Herald.) Physicians say that Jamaica ginger 19 the mo't powerful stiinuhint in general use in the world. Compounded of the ginger root and pure alcohol, its effect1) are almost instantaneous, ami a gill of it will produce a greater stimulating effect and in onc-twenticth the time than a quart of whisky. N'o one but a confirmed drinker can take much Jamaica ginger it would burn the ccating off an ordinary man's stomach in a week. When a nun reaches the stage where he erases Jamaica ginger he is far gone in the last stages of alco holism. For women it seems to have a special charm. It acts at once and a small quantity does the work. Then, too, it can be purchased in any drug store without a pre-cription. When once tiey commence drinking Jamaica ginger it claims them wholly no ether stimulant is suffi cient. Among tho-e who are addicted to the uc of chloral it finds its easy victims, for it seems to have a spocial attraction for flhose who use that narcotic. In Chicago. (From the Detroit Journal.) "What, married again?" they expostulated. "Surely you do not know yourself?" The Chicago woman glanced uneasily into the mirror. "My fice is familiar," she sighed; "but I dan t recall my name." In heaven there is no marrying or giving in marriage, and Chicago natuially rir-'hts to tha op posite extreme. Of Course. (From Tit-Bits.) Counsel appointed to defend an Irishman chal lenged several of the jury, who, his client said, had a prejudice against him. "Are Uure any more jurymen who have a prejudice against you?" whispered the barrister. "ro sir, the jury's awl roight; but Oi want you to challenge the Judge. I've been convicted under him several times a1 ready, and loikely he's beginnin' to have a pre judice against me." THE PRESIDENT'S HAT. He I.nys Aslilc Ills Old. and Faith ful Mackinaw. At last President McKinley has laid aside his faithful old macklnaw straw hat, which became historical during the war with Spain. It has been carefully packed away with other Presi dential effects, not to be resurrected un til the beginning of the heated term In 1SS0. The President no doubt heard the loud booming of the mystic gun which called In all straw hats several days ago. "When he left this city Saturday his favorite traveling hat of straw had been replaced by a handsome silk hat of the moat ap proved style. The ancient looking mackinaw has fig ured as the President's head covering on numerous notable occasions. The photo graphs taken of him while he was In specting the camps at Montauk Point and In other localities give the place of honor to this most democratic straw hat, for which the President has such an un usual attachment. Unwritten history of the "White House shows that Mr. McKinley has worn the misshapen mackinaw two seasons al ready, and it has now been placed in the Executive hat box for a third season's use. At home and abroad this straw hat has been in almost constant use. During his quiet rambles in the White House grounds, away from importuning politi cians, officials and the cares of office. Mr. McKinley has found case and companion ship in this quaint hat. Like the old Irish tile about which the poet sang: It's owld but it is beautiful, Tne best that e'er was seen; 'Twas worn for more than fortv years, Ju that little isle of green. Relic hunters have been after the mack inaw or pieces of it. but thus far it has been kept from the clutches of these van dals. An attache of the Executive Man sion when queried about the President's fondness for his favorite head gear re plied: "It Is a good fit; don't give Mr. sre Klnley a headache and he Hke3 its light ness and style. The President is more for comfort than he is for style, and right there Is where he shows his good sense." NEW ORDER OP THE BATH The Ejiincopal Church Approve the I'lnu for ClennJIiiewM. An organization with peculiar aims Is about to make Its first bid for public recognition in New York. It Is the Order of tho Sliver Cross of Our Master and Cleanness, and it is in a way affiliated with the Episcopal Church, since the Rev. William Wllmerdlng Molr, assistant rec tor of the Church. of the Holy Commu nion, at Twentieth Street and Sixth Ave nue, in that city, is its sponsor. The bishop of the diocese has approved It and will speak for its objects In the course of a series of lectures to be deliv ered this Winter under the auspices of the order. In fact, out of the ordinary as It Is, it is generally approved within the church, and if the Rev. Dr. Huntington, rector of Grace Church, lias dubbed it the NeW Order Of Rath ho. hna nrt ilnna c. In J a spirit of ridicule. "Cleanness' is the watchword of the or ganization, and this Is not meant figura tively, for the first rule laid down In Its little manual is this: "To take a sponge bath or cold water tub every day, unless prevented by Ill ness." The second rule requires that a mem ber shall "wear about one's person the cross of the order," and the third Is that this prayer shall be said each day: "Dear Lord, who lor my sake was born of a pure Virgin, grant that I, Thy servant. following the example tf Thy holy life, and with the aid of the Holy Ghost. may be kept from unclean thoughts, words or actions, for Thy dear Name's sake. Amen." The fourth rule provides for a sort of confession, requiring a member to write to Mr. Molr at certain intervals, telling him of broken vows relating to the or der. There is, too, a service of admis sion, and an inquiry of the candidate as follows:' "Do you desire to live a clean life yourself and to help other men and hoys toward a life of Inward and outward cleanness? "Do you believe that to attain that end membership in the Ordar of the Silver Cross of our Master and Clean ness will be helpful to you? "Will you promise with God's help to strive to live to Its rules?" "I think cold water Is a great help to good morals," said Mr. Molr Saturday at his study In the parish house. "You see, the manual Is a sort of broad church con fessional. We have now a membership of 110. A great deal of good has been ac complished and now we want to extend the Influence. "We will have lectures by eminent men of various denominations the second Thursday of each month in this church. The first one will be by the Rev. Dr. Charles Cuthbert Hall, President of the Union Theological Seminary (Presbyte rian) on next Thursday night. The sub ject will be 'Personal Purity." Our other speakers will be Bishop Potter. Rev. Dr. E. Winchester Donald, of Trinity Church, Boston: Rev. George Alexander, of the University Place Presbyterian Church; Rev. W. H. P. Faunce. pastor of the Fifth Avenue Baptist Church: Rev. Franklin Spencer Spalding, rector of St. Paul's Church. Erie; Rev. Dr. Newall Dwlght Hillia, pastor of the Central Church. Chicago, and Rt. Rev. William Croswell Doane. D. D., Bishop of Al bany." The CoflSn TuiKt. (From the New York Tribune.) The cotfin-makers have formed a t'u-t. with a capital of S20.000.0CO. and its stock will very like ly be listed on the Exchange before long and op erated in, like other industrials, goinij up and down as the grewsome manipulates behind the scenes jerk the wires. In all likelihood, its prin cipal effect will be that it will cast more to die than formerly, and that, with competition elimi nated, the quality of coffin will deteriorate. Jo kicking- is to be looked for from their incumbents, acd as tv the survivors the size cf the undertakers' bills will take their breath away. leaving them none for complaint or remon-trance. The trust ought to be a great success, but if its promoters assert that it meets a long felt want it will be a somewhat impudent experiment upon the sim plicity and credulity of ths public. UIm Firt Letter. (From the Xew York Tribune.) A man in this city has ju-t received the follow ing letter from Great Falls, Mont.: "Dear I'ncle: Papa has allowed me the use of his typewriter just long enough to tell ycu that I am a little boy, and that I was born on Thurdiy morning last, quite early. I am worth coming all the way from New York to sc. I weighed ten pound when I was born, nine pounds the day after, and now I weigh ten again. I have a fine alto voice, and know several songs. Papa says I am non pariel, whatever that means. I think English a very hard language to Ieatn, acd I am very fond of the Western climate. I have no name yet. and so can only sign myself your loving nephew." The Youns Sllnd. (From the Xew York Tribune.) The following are extracts, from examination papers presented by pupils at a prominent private school in this ncighlxirhocd: In history Q. What was the character of Henry VIII? A. Henry VIII was a congenial libertine. In rhetoric Q. What is an epigram. A. An epigram U a figure of speech s. mctimes used in a joke, and sometimes on tombstones. Dcfiniticns "A myth is a half fish and half woman." "The BoeIsare five a, e, i, o, and u, and sometimes w and y." He Did. My sweetheart stood before mc yester e'en And said:. "Now tell me candidly, I pray. Just what you think of ray new hat the green Ruff round the crown is it becoming? Sjj Just what you think den't tell, me that It looks well on me if it dodn'tl Be Fair with me look, at my nw hat Is it becoming? Tell the truth to mc!" 1 looked upon the thing, this way and tint First from one side and then another gazfd; It was a wonderful affair that hat! I looked upon its make-up and was dized Yet I did treat her fairly told her just What I considered wrong- about it then She looked at raei moment with difgust. And bade me never 'speak to her a;ra!n! Cleveland l'lain Dealer. WASTE OP GUTTA-PERCHA. On the difference between gutta-percha and India rubber, the New York Trlbuna gives the following statement: "There Is such a close rs-wmblanco be tween gutta-percha and India rubber that a good many people confound one with the other. Both are obUlred In tha form of a milky Juice from topical trees, but they come from different kinds of trees. Those which yield the gutta-percha are known to the botanists as tho Sapota mullerl and the Isonandra gutta, whereas rubber Is obtained from certain species of the Apocyanaceae, Euphorbla ceae and Urticaceae. Moreover, caout chouc is so elastic at ordinary tempera tures that a bit of it will stretch to sev eral times its original length, -whereas gutta-percha is more like Ivory when cool It has elasticity, to be sure, but it is the elasticity of a billiard ball rather than of a return-ball string. "Rubber is applied to an almost lnfl nlte variety of uses In the arts, whit gutta-percha Is now seldom empIoye-1 for anything but an insulating cover for sub marine telegraph cables, although it whs once worked up Into buttons and a num ber of other small molded obj-cts, oinC very plastic when warmed. Then, again, there Is a distinct difference in :he- chemi cal constitution of pure rubber nl gutta-percha. A molecule of the former contains eight atoms of carbon and four teen of hydrogen, and one of the latter contains ten atoms of carbon to sixteen of hydrogen. "Within the last few years tha world's supply of gutta-percha has deteriorated In quality, If it has not dimhushad m quantity. Certainly the amount of first class gum has decreased. Thl-j state ot things results from the rectlessnss of the producers in the East Indies The juice of the caoutchouc tree S obtained by merely tapping the tre, hut it was long customary though prhap-j not nec essaryto cut the gutta-percha treo en tirely down In order to gt it3 milky pro duct. That practice could be carried on for a short "time without serious harm but in time it killed the goose which .M the golden eggs for the people engaged in the industry. "The juice of the gutta-percha contains two other hydrocarbons besides the one which gives Its name to the tree. Now. the proportion of these different elements in the juice varies greatly. Besides. In the work of collecting the stuff more or less dirt gets In. In both of these re spects the quality of the gum sent to market lately has fallen off. It therefore happens that In spite of an Increased de mand the price of crude gutta-percha has fallen In the last few years from S to scarcely 5 a picul (133 pounds.) Rubber im outline has remained very steady at the same ports. Its price, by the way, at Sarawak. Borneo, has long been about 6 1-2 a plcuL "Some enort has been made in the Ease Indies to cultivate trees that will produce a high grade of gum. but these experi ments are so slow In yielding any return that the venture Is not an encouraging one. One must wait so long to begin to make any profit that it hardly seems practicable to attain the desired result by private enterprise. Governmental subsi dies may prove to be necessary. Just now England, which has the most famous and exclusive cable manufactory In the workl. Is the chief consumer of gutta-pereha. During the last few years her annual Im portation has ranged from 330 to 7W tons, but during the first four months of 1S33 she imported not less than 62S tons." GERMAN COLOEED JEODX. A Commercial Traveler's Experience In Pen it j lvnnia. (From the Xew York Sun.) Reading, Pa., Oct. 3. "One of the most unusual experiences I have ever, had." said a commercial traveler, "occurred two days ago In Lebanon County. I met a number of colored men. women ami children who spoke nothing but German. Before the day was around I met at least fifty colored people who spoke German. And when it came to speaking English they were not at all at their ease. I abked how this came about and was told that the colored people came, twenty, thirty and forty years ago. up from the South and settled among the quiet Penn sylvania German fanners of the Blue Mountain districts. The colored children grew up on the farms, where they worked and heard nothing but German spoken. Thy soon forgot nearly all the English they knew and now rarely speak any thing but German. Their children go to English country schools In Winter, but as quickly as they are out of sight of! their teacher they begin to talk the German dialect, and nothing else. I have been told that in recent years In Germany colored people speaking the Ianguagfe can be found in numbers, but they also speak English. These Pennsylvania German negroes of whom I speak use absolutely nothing but the German In their ordi nary affairs of life. They are good farm ers, live on Pennsylvania German cook ing and have all the habits and customs of the Germans. "Here In Reading I have just met a smart. Intelligent, mlddleaged black man. whose name Is Solomon Williams, and who belongs to the J. wish Church. He says he knows only one other colored Jew. a man named Moses Varus, of New York. Both speak German quite well. Williams's parents were servants In a wealthy Hebrew family In Nw York. He was born while they were employed there, was named Solomon and was brought up according to the Jewish faith. He ob serves all the Hebrew religious customs "Hts friend Varns was born and raised under the same conditions. I have heard of another colored Jew In htlndelphia. who also speaks German quite welL The other day I read In the Sun of a black man arrested in New York who had a rich Irish brogue and came from Ira land." OX THE C.VUrUS jrATtTIUS. In Detroit they have a Campus Martin.", which Is called many different things by persons who do not live there. There Is a soldiers' monument there, and. it is the resort of bootblacks and wandering fakirs. The Free Press gives this account of a patent rat trap fakir who rolled an empty flour barrel near the north front of the soldiers' monument, and mounting the upper head of the barrel began haranguing a crowd of shoe shiners and others that soon gathered about him. "Feller citi zens." he shouted. "I'm no stranger in this 'ere town of your'n. for this isn't the first time that I've come before you; and often I've tramped from one end to t'other of your magnificent Woodbridge Avenue, and also over your seemingly endless Jefferson Street; and many's the time that I've sat in the cool shade of the wide- spreading elms and maples that flourish In your circus park, that bears the name of the .immortal Grant. Then, again. I've often stood amazed, wondering at the hu man and animal procession ever passing and repassing across your matchless Cam pus Marshes; and I'm now stopping on that broad and tree-lined MImamy Ave nue, over there, so that even a blind man or woman. If there is one such within sound of my voice, can see that I'm no stranger in this 'ere town of yours," At this juncture the head of the barrel collapsed, and Instantly the eloquent fakir and his bundle of rat traps were out of sight In the fog of flour that arose from the interior of his Improvised rostrum. Subsequently there came very near being a fight between a half dozen shoe shiners, each of whom clamorously asserted that he had done more than all others In brushing the flour from the clothing of the fakir. The dispute was finally settled by a showing of shoe brushes and the smallest kid of the lot was awarded the prize, a suspicious-looking nickel, after he had. unperceived. rubbed his brush across the Inside of the barrel, thereby ac cumulating more flour on tt than any other brush could show. The meeting' then ad journed sine die.