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-jc- THE TIMES. WASHINGTON, tTERI PAT. NOVEMBER 11. 1898, a tumor (MnitMM. KVKVISO. AND SUNDAY.) 'I HE I IMES COMPANY. S1ILSON IlUTCHiNS, President rUUUCATIOX OFFICE, THE I.U1 CHINS BUILDING, Comer Tenth and D Streets Northwest. SuDscmraos Kates: MOSTHLT BT CARItlEIt: Uomlng, Evening and Sunday Fifty Cents Morning and Sunday Thirty-Are Cents Evening and Sunday Thirty-five Cents nr hail. One Year. Morning, Evening and Sunday. .f5.50 BIx Months, " " " ..3-00 Three Months, " " ..1-73 One Year, Morning and Sunday 4-W SixMonths. " " 125 Three Months, " " One Year. K enlng and Sunday 3 SliMonths, " - 2-25 ThreeMonths. " " ...- ';S Sunday only. One Y'ear ' Orders by Mail must be accompanied by ubscripUon price. TELEPncXE (Editorial Kooms ...4W Business Office.. .1610 NCilBKRS, ' (Circulation. Department.. ..tea CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of THE TIMES for the week ended Nov. 5, 1S9S, was as follows: Sunday, October 30 t.o75 Monday, October 3 1 45,053 Tuesday, November l 4S.055 Wednesday, November 2 . . . . 45,099 Thursday, November 3 . . . . 45,019 Triday. November 4 45,009 Saturday, November 5 45,071 Total 2S9.9S1 Caily average (Sunday excepted) . 45.051 THE TIMES, In 11 its editions. Morning, Even ing, and Sunday, will be mailed to one address for FIFTY CENTS per month. Addresses changed as often as desired. Communications Intended for publication In THE TIMES should be tersely and plainly written, and roust in all cases be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. Rejected com munications will not be preserved, and only man uscripts of cbvious importance will be returned to their authors. The Advertisers' Cuarantee Company, of Chi cago, hereby certifies that it has, by its expert examiners, proven and attested the circulation of THE TIMES, Washington, D. O. The daily average PAID circulation for the month of Sep tember, 1E93, was ,S9. This Is GUARANTEED to the advertisers o! the country by a BOND of ?30,000 in the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, deposited with the Northwestern National Btnlc, of Chicago. ADVERTISERS' CUARANTEE COMPANY, Dy J. R. MASON, President. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1S9S. i The Democratic Outlook. There Is now no tangible reason to iloubt that the Republicans will have a majority In the new House of Rep resentatives. That they will have an overwhelming; majority in the Senate is beyond question. Upon the former re sult particularly -we take pleasure in congratulating the Democratic party. "We have had ample experience of the Insolence of the Republican machine when in unrestricted power. One needs only to glance over the history of the Fifty-fifth Congress to appreciate its supreme contempt for the Constitution, law, and the rights of the people, when ever, for the time being, they could be safely defied. "We can count with con fidence upon a continuation of Republi can party methods and practices in both branches of the National Legisla ture for the next two years, and upon the logical result of loot and monopoly legislation upon the public mind. With a strong and militant minority in the House of Representatives, the Democ racy will enjoy an excellent opportunity to lay the foundations for success in 1900. when success will be a much more ltal object than It was in 1898. Considered from the point of view of ultimate party interests, the conditions under which the Democrats will enter upon their duties in the House next year will be much more favorable than if they were destined to control it. It does not require much Intelligence to conceive the disasters which easily might ensue upon a bitter strife between a Democratic House and a Republican President and Senate. That of Itself would probably be fatal to Democratic hopes for 1900. But If anything further were needed to reconcile us to things as they are and will be, it is the pos sibility that, if the party had won a majority in the House, it might havp thrown away Its last chance and made itself ridiculous by elevating to the Sptakership such a person as young Mr. Raiiey of Texas. Of course it is not certain, and per haps not even probable, that an obnox ious and paretic mistake like that would have been made, but, on the other hand, It is not to be forgotten that largely through the influence of Speaker Reed. Mr. Bailey was given the nominal lead ership cf the minority in the present Congress, and there is no just reason to say that another accident of the same kind might not happen. So, en all accounts, we are quite satis fled that we are fully justified in heart ily congratulating our Democratic friends on their failure to secure a ma jority in the next House of Represen tatives. Tlie President nutl the Philippine). The small minority that has been vociferous and at times hysterical in its opposition to the acquisition of the Philippines, has pretended to doubt that the newspapers and Oip audiences that were addressed by the President In the course of his Western tour, reflected the sentiment of a majority of the American people en that question. One would think the single experience at Saratoga would have silenced them as to the question of the pcpular desire. There they called a conference of men whom they selected as representative of tfce best intelligence of the different sec tions of the country and for several clajs the orators, chosen because of their known opposition to expansion and the persuasive eloquence of their speech, presented arguments against a departure from the provincial policy cf the fathers. Then they called for a vote with which to influence President McKinley a vote on rcsolullons protesting against his mad departure in the direction of an Imperialism that would embroil us with the self-seeking nations of the Old World and react on us in a way to de stroy our proper ar.d narrow ambition. They were dazed by the blow when the counting of the votes showed that Jour-fifths of these representative American citizens were wholly opposed to the resolutions, and in favor of sub stituting a scries that urged the Presl Jnt to take all the Philippines in the lie iarr cf cens'.-tenry. of humanity, and of self-interest. Since then there has been no Import ant addition to the little clique, while day after day new voices joined in the grand chorus for expansion. Now the voters of the country have expressed their sentiment in the only official way that Is open to them. Among the plat form Issues of the campaign was the Republican declaration in favor of a demand on Spain for the Philippines. Besides the convention resolutions of the Republicans, the President had in structed the Peace Commissioners to Insist on the Spanish surrender of all title to the archipelago. If there had been any serious opposition to this, it would have been apparent in the re turns. That the President's course In this matter ha3 been indorsed at the polls is satisfying evidence that the op position Is insignificant, in aiassacnu- setts, where we were told tne speeencs of Senator-Hoar and Congressman Bou telle against expansion would, have an effect on the elections, there is no such In j falling off in.the Republican vote as other States were there was no cam paign for Spanish interests. The Presi dent, who is unusually sensitive to pub He sentiment and disposed to carry out the popular will, may Insist on the Philippines with every assurance that the people are with him. It is to the credit of President Mc Kinley that he did not wait for this ex pression of confidence before making his policy known. He is to be congratu lated on having made a distinct and ir revocable demand for all the Philippines while the verdict of the ballot Doxes was still a matter of speculation and uncertainty. He could easily have post poned the positive instructions for the few days that intervened, but having made up his mind that it was desirable to acquire title to the disputed territory, he promptly gave effect to his convic tion. It was fortunate that he did, for it discouraged the growing hopes of the anti-expanslonists and brought to the support of his splendid policy of na tional extension the entire Republican press, of which the greater part had been silent or doubtful and a smaller part in opposition. We are now a unit ed people on the question of preserving the full fruits of a victory In the field achieved by the unsurpassed heroism of America's sons. No menace of for eign interference can deter us from un conditional addition of these Invaluable islands to our great possessions. For the best method of treating the reluct ant and dilatory Spanish Commission ers we can trust to the President, now that we have the assurance the ambi tion of the people is to be realized. Lord Salluur Gloom. The lot of the Briton who takes a keen interest In public affairs as nearly every Briton does was unhappy enough until he reached the decision that the tremendous activity of the English government in fitting the navy and the army for the greatest effort of the em pire's life, was due to a purpose to pro claim a protectorate over Egypt. It had required weeks of strenuous thought, which Is distasteful to most Englishmen, to reach that conclusion. The newspapers, to which the people trust for the solution of political prob lems, had given the puzzle up as in explicable. But no sooner is it settled in the popular mind that a firmer grip on Egypt is in contemplation, man Lord Salisbury calmly denies it. His speech at the Lord Mayor's banquet had been awaited with an anxiety de scribed by our London namesake as "feverish." It was thought to be Im possible that he should longer project words of the most official character without revealing the true source of all his unparalleled war preparations. Yet the only result of his speech Is to deep en the solemnity of the hour, deny the one acceptable theory and increase the general fears by the tone of his address. If ever England required a sense of humor, the need could not be greater than now. One snicker from an Aris tophanes would break the strain of gloomy anxiety and dire forebodings and the whole humbug business would end in a gigantic roar of laughter that would drive the enigmatical premier into the country for a breath of free air. The whole trouble Is that John Bull takes his Dogberry more seriously than even the German, and therefore he does not question the sanity of these great war preparations. He is as fa miliar with the foreign relations of Great Britain as Salisbury can be; he knows every influence and from what quarter any trouble could spring; he has canvassed the situation and can imagine no possible menace to the peace and integrity of the empire that could warrant the distress of mind of the government or the steps toward naval and military efficiency from India to Halifax that are costing the treasury so much. But instead of allowing his logic to guide him to its inevitable end. Instead of realizing that Salisbury is the victim of a nightmare, he distrusts his own reasoning, his own knowledge, and accepts the vague and impossible fears of the premier as true and well founded. Such a situation could never exist here. A Secretary or a President who should tell us we were menaced by the most formidable danger of our life and that it called for Immediate steps to put navy and army, including the jnllltia. In shape for a stupendous con flictbut that diplomacy required con cealment of everything relating to the business the newspaper caricaturists would set the country Into a broad grin in a week and the mysterious official would pray for sudden death. Lord Salisbury' is worn out by overwork, anxiety, and chagrin. The last was the result of his failure in dealing with Russia and China. He was under a great strain In the Fashoda matter, which was never serious and, as we can all see now, never warranted the fire alarm expressions of the ministry. There was never a moment when the withdrawal of France was in doubt. The British public was deluded as to the whole affair and stilt Is in its jubila tion over the happy ending. The effect of overwork and -senseless worry has been to clog up the bile-ducts of the honorable premier and his thoughts are colored a dismal greenish-yellow. He needs a doctor who doesn't fear purga tion. A dose of blue mass at bed time, taken by Lord Salisbury, would make the British Empire comfortable and free from doleful forebodings. It was entirely natural that at this moment Salisbury should look on the American acquisition of the precious isles of the Pacific as a new provoca tion to universal war. He was bound to suggest that, whatever his own con victions might be. America is the only friend England has and it is the part of a friend to serve. It was necessary that he should discourage the Czar's cherished hope of a general and per petual peace. The relations of England toward all European nations is such that he dare not suggest that any one would be an obstacle In the way of that beautiful Ideal. So he dragged us In, relying on our amiable disposition and good will to excuse such use of us. He knows as well as anybody that our possession of the Philippines "makes for peace," as Matthew Arnold would say, but it woufd never do to promote tne aream oi ;ngiana s truuuiouui j enemy, the Russian Bear, There is no present cause why the Briton should He awake nights with a pistol under his pillow, expecting some unknown monster to Invade his domicile. If he could only see a joke, everything would be well. Whatever else may be said about Tues day's election In New York, It occurs to us that the people of" this community have little to find fault with. For the first time In the history of tho country a voteless citizen of the District has been picked up by a great State and elected its governor. In tho happy future we shall all take a personal and neighborly Interest In CoU Roosevelt's operations to destroy his friend Piatt and to secure the next Re publican Presidential nomination. The Spanish troops In Cuba are In a state of mutiny, because they have not been paid for their services in preserving Spanish sovereignty In the Island until after the American Congressional elec tions. As we are informed that Mr. Han na has still several hundred thousand dollars of a left over fund, we trust that he will not be oblivious to the cry of worthy and devoted dependents. The Democrats are to be congratulated on having failed to control the House. The Republicans can now work what legislation they will and shoulder the full responsibility for it. A wise Frenchman once said that the mistake most intelligent people make is in not realizing how stupid some persons can be. It Is obvious that we have yet to understand the degree of stupidity of which Spain is capable. There has never been a moment when her submis sion to the demands of tho President was In doubt never a moment when she had the least reason to expect the Interfer ence of any other power. Yet she has de layed proceedings In the blind, unreason ing hope that something might happen to change the conditions. The fact that the Kaiser stopped at a Spanish port to coal up his yacht has. revived the sinking hopes of Spain. Germany will Interfere and those detestable Americans will be vanquished. Of such stuff Is the basis of Spanish reasoning. Salisbury need not npooglze-for his ref ences to America Jand J.Jie Philippines. We are not Britons and therefore are not Impressed by the vain Imaginings of even a great statesman. We do our own thinking. There aro times when the absence of a capital punishment law is to be deplored. The assassin of the Austrian Empress de serves the gallons, and the crime was of a kind to require the most Impressive punishment. The wretch will encumber the earth until nature reliees us of his presence, because life Imprisonment Is the utmost penalty the laws of Switzer land provide. It Is agreed on all hands that the emi nence of Croker In tho New York cam paign caused the virtuous Democrats In the Interior to refrain from voting for Van Wyck. There Is now only one State boss In New York. JAPAN'S NEW CABINET. Marqnls Ynnmguln Is the Premier of the Inland Government. The personnel of the new Japanese cab inet was cabled to the Japanese legation In this city yesterday. The cabinet has recently been completed by tho appoint ment of ministers of education, agricul ture, commerce, and communication. No political significance attaches to this an nouncement, according to the officials at the legation, and no important changes In the government are contemplated. ' The new cabinet is composed of the following persons: Marquis Yamagata, premier; Count Matsugata, minister of finance; Marquis Salgo, minister of the Interior; Count Ka bayama, minister of education; Vincent Aoki, minister for foreign affairs; Gen. Katsura, minister of war; Viscount Yo shekawa, minister of communications; vice admiral Yamamoto, minister of ma rine; Mr. Klyoura, minister of justice; Mr. Sone, minister of agriculture and commerce. THE PORTO BICAN PBESS. It Paper AVI11 PflMS TlironcU the Ilnnd Mall nt One Cent a Pound. Postmaster General Smith, acting upon the advice of Gen. Brooke, commanding the American forces In Porto Rico, has decided to allow newspaper publishers In that island the same privileges as re gards mailing and postage upon their publications as newspaper publishers of this country are now enjoying. Porto Rlcan publishers will, therefore, send their papers through the mails in bulk at the rate of a cent a pound. The regulation is restricted, however, to those papers circulated only on the Island. Tlie no ml Denl. (From the New York World.) The Sudden advance in the price of archipeli goes in Paris is astounding and incomprehensible. Last week archipelagoes were freely quoted at $10,000,000 apiece, guaranteed to contain twelve hundred island?, to be wholly ungovernable, and even inaccessible, to be marlarious, rebellious, and only attractive to purveyors of dime mu seums; and this week the same archipelagoes are quoted at $200,000,000, with a warning that il we do not bid early we may miss our only chance of becoming proprietors of a real archi pelago. What is the secret of this advance? Why nas archipelago stock gone up? Has a "tip" on the election been given out from this country, and do the owners of the archipelago believe that to day's election will "uphold the hands of the President?" Is it this which males the archipelago a go? ConfuHliiK. (From the Philadelphia Record.) One trouble about scanning the election returns too closely for the moral invohed is the risk of getting raised in one's conclusions. Thus, in Pennsylvania the Administration has been sus tained, but so have the Congressmen who op posed the Administration at the opening of the war. In Illinois the expansion policy has been approved, and likewise the Tanner policy cf shutting out laborers of adjoining States as aliens; and in Xew York Algerism lias received a erdict of condonation, while the author of the "round robin' has been given the chief preferment in the State. Truly; politics works wonders! t GENERA. POLITICAL GOSSIP. The suggestion of an Administration combination to prevent the re-election of Czar Reed as Speaker of the next House was one of the chief topics of conversa tion in polllojil circles yesterday. The opinion wasexpressed pretty generally by the friends otAhe President that the Ad ministration hod It In Us power to depose Mr. Reed, but whether It will make the attcmnt or. nfit will nrobably depend a great dealjonjhow. the Maine statesman conducts himself this winter, it ne evinces a, disposition to be friendly and gives the Hanna bond syndicate a helping hand the opposition to Mr. Reed's re-election by the Administration might be with drawn. Tho situation, however, is full of disagreeable possibilities for the Autocrat, but, incidentally,, he Is something of a fighter himself and can easily make things Interesting this Winter for the Adminis tration aggregation. If It Is to be open war between Speaker Reed and President McKinley it will not be an altogether one sided affair by any means. In the defeat of Lemuel Ely Qulgg in New "York and James Hamilton Lewis of Washington the Fifty-sixth Congress will bo deprived of the services of two very plcturesque.jCharactcrs. Each gentleman In his own peculiar way has during the past few years contributed to the enter tainment of the House without adding anything to the sum of human knowledge. They are both victims of that fatal dis ease generally described in the medical publications as "enlargement of the head." One of tho striking characteris tics of this malady Is a sublime confidence on the part of the person afflicted to con quer tho world. Nothing to him is Im possible. Mr. Quigg, for instance, was so dead sure that he was going to be re elected that he did not even take the trouble to treat the leading Republicans of his district civilly. He actually went out of his way to affront them. Mr. Lewis also assumed a high and lofty attitude. He only "consented" to accept a renom Inatlon with tho understanding that he was to have the first vacancy In the United States Senate. The Administra tion may provide for Quigg by glUng him some official job, although It is extremely doubtful whether Mr. McKinley can per suade Qulgg to accept any position short of Ambassador to England. Mr. Lewis however, will have to get along for a time at least as best he can without the pros pect of public employment. The following Democrats and Gold Cure senators will be succeeded by Republi cans on March 4, 1S93: Edward Murphy, jr., New "York; Stephen M. White. Cali fornia; George Gray, Delaware; David Turple, Indiana: Arthur P. Gorman, Maryland: James Smith, Jr., New Jer sey; W. N. Roach, North Dakota: John L. Mitchell, Wisconsin, and probably Charles J. Faulkner, West Virginia. The Indications also point to the election of a Republican 'In Nebraska to succeed Wil liam V. Allen,1 Populist. The latest ad vices from Mr. Bryan's State are that the legislature! tliere will be very close, -and that Mr. Allep may, after all, succeed himself. It,Js said that Senator John M. Thurston Is not personally opposed to. Mr. Allen's re-election as he (Thurston) Is a muchTmor Important man polltlcally as the onl- Republican senator from Ne braska titan he could be If he should have a Republican colleague. There Is already a lively scramble going on In Nw;York. for Senator Murphy's shoes. Dr. Chauncey M. Depew appears to be in h& lead at present, but whether he will succeed eventually in getting more than an "honorable mention" for the place remains. to be seen. Senator Piatt's friends believe, that he will control the situation and will dictate the selection of his colleague, but Gov. Roosevelt may have something to say about that. It Is not believed that Roosevelt has any sena torial aspirations for himself at this Juncture, but he Is quite likely to wish to take a hand In the selection of the new senator. It Is regarded as almost Inevitable that a break will come event ually between Piatt and Roosevelt- The only thing that can, perhaps, prevent It will be the desire of Roosevelt to have Piatt's assistance In securing the New York delegation to the next national con vention in 1900. Col. RooseVelt's Intimates In New York, however, are mostly among the old antl-Platt contingent and he Is likely to be Influenced by their counsel. The selection of Mr. Depew for the sena torshlp would make It comparatively easy for Roosevelt and Piatt to avoid a clash. "Our Chauncey" Is everybody's friend and his election would probably be satisfactory to all factions. In California there are already half a dozen aspirants for Senator White's seat. Among the names mentioned are. Col. George A. Knight, Gen. W. H. Barnes. Frank McLaughlin, M. IL de Young, and U. S. Grant, known as "Buck" Grant. Col. Knight seems to be the favorite. He Is a corporation lawyer, and doubtless would be satisfactory to the railroad in terests. Gen. Barnes enjoys the reputa tion of being the greatest orator on the Pacific coast. It Is claimed for him that he can outpoint Dr. Depew, or any of the orators of the effete East. Mr. Mc Laughlin Is a politician. He Is chairman of the Republican State committee of California,, and Is In a position to pull a good many wires. Mr. de Young Is the editor of the San Francisco Chronicle, and has been a standing candidate for the Senate for a great many years. "Buck" Grant's aspirations are not taken serious ly by anyone except himself, and the members of the Grant family. The contest for Senator George Gray'e seat in Delaware will probably reopen' the old Addlcks fight. Addlcks is in the field and his friends claim that he has made a treaty of peace with former Senator Hlggins, and his old opponents. It Is be lieved, however, that Hlggins will try to get the place for himself. A lively time is anticipated at Doyer this Winter be fore the senatorial contest Is settled. Friends1 Of Gen. Harrison aro urging him to become a candidate for the sen atorship in 'Indiana, but it is not believ ed that ne will permit his name to be used In that connection. Gen. Lew Wal lace, of "Ben Hur" fame, has been men tioned, but he is believed to be too o'.d tn enter tho political arena. Col. Perry S. Heath, the .First Assistant Postmaster General, will probably figure in the Indi ana contest. Col. Heath is a close friend of Senator Hanna and the President. He is likely to develop considerable strength if he finally decides to enter the race. Col. Robert S. Taylor, of Fort Wayne, is also meritloned as an aspirant for sena torial honors. t c Col. Ba'bcock, chairman of the Republi can Congressional Committee, Is believed to have the call for the senatorial plum In Wisconsin. His friends declare that he will practically have no opposition; that the prestige he has gained In manag ing a successful campaign to "save Con gress" in an off jear will carry him through. Henry C. Payne, of Milwaukee, however, may decide to enter the race against Col. Babcock. Mr. Payne is a member of the Republican National Com mittee, is very wealthy, and was "men tioned" for a Cabinet place after Mc Kinley's election. He refused the appoint ment as ambassador to Germany. Louis E. McComas has already been elected to succeeed Senator Gorman in Maryland. John Kean, jr.. Is the leading candidate to succeed Senator Smith, of New Jer sey. Mr. Kean Is a rich man. and was a protege of the' late William Walter Phelps. He has served as a member of the House. Other candidates are likely to develop. Senator Sewall Is nominated to be opposed to Kean. The -contest in West Virginia if the Republicans control the legislature of that State as -now seems likely will be between Internal Revenue Commissioner M. B. Scott and Gov. Atkinson. The fight will probably be a hot one, as both men are well equipped financially to make matters Interesting to the members of the legis lature. In North Dakota no candidate has ap peared thus far. The management of the Northern Pacific Railroad has not made up Its mind as to whom It will select to represent the Interests of that corpora tion at Washington. A HOKIBUND NEWS TBTJST. rielnsr the Story -of Hon- the Aocl ntcd Pi-ex Paid nn Old Scare. New York, Nov. 10. Tho Sun tomorrow will say: "The Chicago News Trust, known the longth and breadth of the land as the Associated Press, demonstrated on Tues day with even more than usual fullness Its incapacity as a news-gathering organi zation. All that Is needed to show the truth of that statement Is a comparison of Wednesday's edition of the Herald, the Tribune, the Evening Post, or any of the other dependents on the trust In this city with the edition of the Sun, which collects the news of the world itself, and Is dependent on no trust or organization to aid It. "The Associated Press has 'had It In' for President McKinley and his Adminis tration ever; since the President called it to account for the rank lies It concocted and spread broadcast to damage the coun try during the war with Spain. In Tues day's election It saw an opportunity to get square. It wanted to see the Presi dent and the Administration repudiated by the election of a hostile Congress, and- when It failed as a news association in gathering the returns of the Congres sional election throughout the country, deliberately and maliciously spread the story that Congress was Democratic, that the Democrats had actually elected more of their candidates than the Republicans and that the success or the Populists In their districts gave a majority of more than twenty In the next House. This wish, of course, was father to the He. The Associated Press sent this story to every paper In the country that de pends on It for the news. The principal newspapers in this city that depend on the trust for the news they print are the Herald, the Tribune, the World, the Times and the Journal. In all of these papers the Associated Press He about the composition of the next Congress was printed with more or less deflniteness. "The all Important questidn in Tues day's election was the composition of the next Congress. The Sun, as It does In every election, provided for the col lection of the news In every Congressional district in the country so that, as usual, the moment the result was known, the news was In the Sun office, and when the first edition of the Sun went to Press on Wednesday morning It contained the news that the Republican party would have a majority In the next House over the Democrats, the free sllverltes and the Populists combined. The more complete returns of Wednesday showed the ab solute accuracy of the Sun figures. "The Associated Press was so pleased with Its success in having Its lie swallow ed by all dependencies that It stuck to that lie all 'day on Wednesday, and the Evening Post, which also depends wholly on the trust for Its news, continued In its last edition on Wednesday to reiter ate the lie that there was an antl-Admin-istratlon majority of nineteen In the House. "Not only did the Sun get the figures accurately on Tuesday night, but It got them early; so early that the newspapers that depended on the Sun for their elec tion returns made monkeys of their com petitors." GEORGIA'S nNANCIAL PLIGHT. She In Fnced by n. II I IT Dellelt. and Tnies IIlKlicr Than Crer lief ore. Atlanta, Ga.. Nov. 10. Gov. Candler sent to the State legislature today a mes sage calling attention to the deplorable condition of the finances of the State, and suggesting remedies urgently needful. He quoted a table showing the status of thlng3, and commented on it partially as follows: "From this it will be seen that there will be a probable deficit of nearly JSJ.Ol on the first day of July. In other words, the money now in the treasury and to be paid Into the treasury between now and the last named date will lack about JS3, 0" of being sufficient to meet the legiti mate demands on the treasury for the same period of time. In this estimate is not included JIW.OUO which will be due the teachers of the public schools on the 20th of July, 1S90, for their second quar ter's work, for the payment of which no provision has been made. In this con nection it Is perhaps mj- duty to add that there remains approved by the pension commissioner and unpaid for the want of funds pension claims to the amount of about 560,000. it must be remembered that these deficits are all for the present year. If the same appropriations are made for the next year and the State rate of taxation remains the same as for this year, the aggregate amount of deficit on July 1, 1900, will be at least twice as great as It will be In July, 1S93. Thus the con dition that confronts us is this: "We must reduce the appropriations or largely Increase the rate of taxation when It is already greater than. It ever has been in the history of the State and when our people, especially our farmers, upon whom the burden of taxation largely falls, are, owing to the unprecedented low price of their products, less able to pay taxes than they have ever been In the past.". NAVAL MEN" HT DOUBT. They Are Not Sure That the Teresa Is nt Cut llanil. Norfolk, Va., Nov. 10. Naval men dis agree as to the probability of the vessel reported ashore off Cat Island being the Teresa. The Vulcan's officers were dis posed to doubt it. The Teresa, they say, has, according to the description cabled from Nassau, lost her deckhouse, received a coat of black paint and an extra mast since they left her plunging and rolling in the terrible gale in which she was abandoned. Capt. Lecato, of the Merrltt Wrecking Company, who was one of the last to leave tho Teresa, says that the only chances that the stranded vessel may be the Spaniard Is' that the cabled descrip tion Is Inaccurate. Naval officers and of ficials of the wrecking concern say that the deckhouse could easily have been washed away, but how the Teresa sprout ed a mast and got paint Is past finding out. The Merrltt wrecking organization will not dispatch their steamer Merrltt, now In this harbor, until they are advised by Lieut. Hobson from Nassau that the Cat Island derelict Is really the Teresa. Pay and Take. (From the Philadelphia. Hecoid.) It is claimed that the new legislature is a Quay- legislature. Judging from the character pf some .of the representatives elected in this corner of the State, it is anybodj's legislature who is able to pay lor ownership and willing to bear the stigma of possession. BBPORT OF GEN. HUES It Covers tlie Entire Spanish American War. HIGn PRAISE FOR THE ARMY The I'lnn OrlKlnnlly SacKesied li the Coiumaudlne General Adopted by the "War Department Kquln ment of Troops The Suntlneo Campaign Movement in Culm nnd Porto Rico Arnij- Infected Willi Yellow Fever- Shatter' Letter Secretary Alcer'n Inxtructlon Xo Surrender Xo Lonerluis the hlur nnd Stripe A Concise Statement. The annual report of Maj. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, commanding the United States Army, was released for publication by Secretary Alger, last night. It Is prac tically an official history of the war with Spain. Gen. Miles introduces his report with the statement that "the military opera tions during the year have been extraor dinary, unusual, and extensive." After referring to the transporting of supplies to the suffering Klondike by ml.ltary expedltlons at the beginning of the fiscal jear, the report says: lleltlnniiiK of the Wnr. "At the close of the great Civil War the Government had a million veterans In arms, well equipped for war for that time. The great amount of war material then In the possession of the Govern ir en t was sold or gradually used up by Issue either to the mllltla of the States or to le reguIar iorCKS tnat have been tngas. ed In military operations on the frontier for the last thirty years. The suppl.es and material that were not sold, but stor ed, were gradually reduced to the mini mum, and the war with Spain found this country with a very small armj 23,0u0 mpn. with wnr material sufficient nnlv to equip that force and furnish It with a small amount of ammunition; but the tentage, transportation, and camp equip age was Insufnclem for any lmpo:tant military operations; in fact, quite an amount of valuable transportation. In cluding ambulances, had bsen disposed of within the last few years." Reference is made to the demand upon Spain by this country for the rellnquin Ishment of its authority and government In the Island of Cuba, and the approp.li tlon of the J50.000.000 national dsfense fund by Congress. Also to the passage of the bills increasing the regular army to 6:.Kri men, and the enlistment of lv(M) immimM On Anrll 9. Gen. Miles recom- mended the equipment of J-1.0M volunteers, and on April 15 an additional auxiliary force of M.OOo men for the protection ot the coasts and as a reserve. This woutd have given the United States an effctlvd force or 1K.337. which, with the 31 MJ natives. Gen. Miles considered sufficient. He deemed it of the first lmportar.c; to "well" equip such force rathr than to "partly" equip a much larger number. In his letter to Secretary- Alger, dated April 3, Gen. Mlle3 called attention to ths fact that under the Constitution there were approximately twelve mlliions of men between the ages of eighten and fort j -rive, who arc liable to mlUtaiy ser vice In a later communication to the Secretary of War he suggested Chlcka mauga Park for the mobilization of the troops. Gen. Jllle Wut i-ropm-iie. "I addressed a letter to the Secretary of War, under date of April IS- 1, for warding a communication from Surgeon General Sternberg regarding the danger of putting an army In Cuba during the sickly season, and at the same time urg ed the plan of harassing the Spanish forces and doing the enemy the largest amount of Injury during the time neces sary" for our navy to demonstrate its su perioritythe rainy or sickly season and the time actually required to equip and 1 Instruct the volunteer force3 with the least possible loss to ourselves. In that letter I also asserted the belief I have entertained from the first, that we could secure the surrender of the Spanish army In the Island of Cuba without any great sacrifice of life." To emphasize the latter sentence, Gen. Miles placed It In Italics. The letter to Secretary Alger states. In part: "In my opinion it is extremely hazard ous, and I think It would be Injudicious to put an army on that Island at this sea son of the year, as It would undoubted ly be decimated by the deadly disease. to say nothing of. having to cope with some SO.000 troops, the remnant of 211. 000 that have become acclimated, and that are equipped with 133 guns. And still an other element of extreme-danger would be to place an army there with the possi bility of our own navy not being able to keep the waters between our own territo ry and that island clear of hostile ships or fleets." Pralie -Worthily IIetosvcd. Gen. Miles gives deserved praise when he says: "A short time before the com mencement of the war, there left Wash ington, from the Bureau of Military In formation, two officers, Lieut. A. S. Row an and Lieut. H. II. Whitney, to attempt the most difficult and dangerous enter prise of ascertaining existing conditions In the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico, respectively. Their efforts were emi nently successful. Both of these officers penetrated the enemy's country and ob tained most accurate and valuable In formation regarding the position of the military and naval forces, the defenses, and the topographical and climatic fea tures of the country, all of whlci was of great value" In subsequent military opera tions. "The first expedition with arms and supplies for the Cubans was started from Key West under the direction of Coh R. H. Hall, Fourth Infantry (now briga dier general. United States Volunteers). It landed on the coast, under charge of Capt. J. J. O'Connell. First United Statea Infantry, Lieut. W. M. Crofton, First In fantry, being the first officer to land oil Cuban soil after the commencement of hostilities." Gen. Miles tells of his telegraphic re quest of June 5, to the Secretary of War. that he be allowed to go with the ml 1 tary expedition (Shatter's) to Cuba, and the reply from the War Department in timating that he would bo expected to organize and command the expedition to Porto Rico. He refers to 'the lack of suitable transports and the delays and confusion at Tampa when the Cuban ex pedition .sailed on June 14. After having Deen caiieu iu usuinb ton on "Important business" by Secretary Alger on June 15, Gen. Miles prepared and on June 21, submitted a plan of campaign which was handed to Secretary Alger. Gen. Gnrcla's Co-oiierutlon. Gen. Miles gives a copy of his request to the Cuban general, Garcia, that he as semble a large portion of his men In the vicinity of the harbor of Santiago de Cuba, to drive in and harass any Spanish troops near that place and to prevent re-enforcements going to the garrison of Santiago. Shatter' Sarcatlc Shaft. The following dispatch was also receiv ed from Gen. Shatter: "Headquarters Fifth Army Corps, "Camn near San Juan River, "Via Haiti, Playa del Este. July 4. 1SD3. Adjutant General. AVashington: "If Sampson will force an entrance with all his fleet to the upper bay of Santiago, we can take the place within a few hours. Under these conditions I believe the town will surrender. If tho army is to take the place I want 15.000 troops speedily, and It Is not certain that they can be landed as it is getting stormy. Sure and speedy way Is through the bay. .m now In position to do ray part- SHAFTER. Major General." Two communications in the report are couched In terms so strained as to Indi cate that Gens. Miles and Shatter were not on the most cordial terms. The com munications follow: "SIboney, July 17. lSS-8:3 p. ra. "(Received July 13, 1S33.) "Gen. Miles, on Board Yale: "Letters and orders In reference to movement of camp received and will be carried out. None Is more anxious than myself to get away from here. It seems, from your orders given me, that you re gard my force as a part of your com mand. Nothing will give me greater pleasure than serving under you, general, and I shall comply with all your re quests and directions, but I was told by the Secretary that you were not to super sede me In command here. I will furnish the Information called for as to condition of command to Glimore, adjutant general, army headquarters. "SHAFTER, Major General." "Headquarters of the Army, "Playa del Este. July 18. li "(Sent about 11:30 a. m.) "Gen. Shatter: "Telegram received. Have no desire and have carefully avoided any appearance of superseding you. Your command Is a part of the United States army, which I have the honor to command, having been duly assigned thereto, and directed by the President to go wherever I thought my presence required, and give such general directions as I thought best concerning military matters, and especially directed to go to Santiago for a specific purpose. You will also notice that the order of the Secretary of War of July 13 left the mat ter to my discretion. I should regret that any event would cause either yourself or any part of your command to cease to be a part of mine. Very truly yours. "NELSON A. MILES. "Major General, Commanding V. S. A." l'rnlne fur American Arm). In concluding his report Gen. Miles says: "It Is gratifying to record that during the war not a single defeat has been met. and not a prisoner, color, gun, or rifle has been captured by the enemy. In this re spect the war has been most remarkable. and, perhaps, unparalleled. Under all circumstances and In spite of many most trying difficulties the troops have main tained the fortitude of the American character and the honor of their arms. Ill HccfinilnenilntloiiH. "For several years I have tirged the Importance of the Government's adopting a standard of strength for its military forces that should be commensurate with the Interests of the Government in its growth and development, anl proportion ate to Its population and wealth. Spas modic vibration from a weac and inef fective army to one of gigantic propor tions does not seem to be Dest for the welfare and safety of the natlon,and I think It more judicious for the Govern ment to fix a certain percentage of train ed military men in proportion to the pop ulation. "The army would thereby have a more healthy growth as the nation develops. In fact, this system. If once adopted, would be as practicable for one hundred 3 ears as for a single decade. The art of war was never so much an exact science as at the present time. The ap pliances used In modern warfare are con stantly changing, and are steadily in- I creasing In effective force: so that It Is of the utmost Importance that the Govern ment should have the snos: sxtiled and efficient forces practicable. "I therefore renew my former recom mendation that the Government authorize enlistments In the army at the "rate of one soldier to every 1,0") of the popula tion. This would practically continue In service the same number as does the act of Congress approved April 23, 1WS. authorizing the Increase of the Tegular army, provided for, viz: 62,573 men. but unfortunately there was a provision in that act which required the army to bo reduced to its former peace basis; which was entirely Inadequate to the needs and interests of the Governmnh (iarriinni for the Poe-iou. "I also recommended that Congie s authorize an auxiliary force of native troops,to be officered principally by United States army officers, for service in Porto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippine Islands, not to exceed two soldiers to every ona thousand of the population of those isl ands. This would give the United States a most valuable auxiliary force. Tt would pacify the native elements of the Islands, and would be In the Interests of econ omy and good government. This force could be used in a way similar to the mounted police In Canada and the Brit ish forces in Egypt and India. "I recommend that Congress be re quested to take immediate action upon this question of increasing the army, as I consider it of vital importance. If the system I have suggested is adopted it would give us very nearly an available force of 10U.0OO men. and would enable the volunteers who enlisted for the war to be returned to their homes without do. lay." YELLOW PEVER SUSPECTS. Two Cne ill .ew York Are Bellitr Watched Carefully. New York, Nov. 10. Bernard KepIIn. who arrived here on the transport Pana ma from Cuba, Is ill In St- Luke's Hos pital. It was feared that he had yellow fever, so the case was isolated. Physi cians who have examined Keplln declare the patient is suffering from a hid attack of malarial fever. The man will be close ly watched for some days. Christopher Sablythe. a sailor, who re cently arrived from Mexican ports, was taken seriously 111 In the Sailors Home yesterday. Doctors at first thought ha showed symptoms of yellow fever, but later decided it was a case of -yellow jaundice. He has been isolated and will be closely watched. A Conservative View. (From the Xew York Times.) Wc know of nothing in the returns calculated to gratify or console the President of the United States. Six months ago Congress gave him an un precedented and unanimous vote of confid-ne. That confidence he has contrived to fritter away. so that, after a successful war, the country votes its want of confidence in him and sends a ma jority to the Hoite of Representatives to oppa-e him. But although it is not for the present joyous, but grievous, this rebuff may be sancti fied to him If he interprets it aright. The uni versal digust with Alger would not hare affected the President il he had promptly unloaded Alser and prosecuted AlserUm when it was clear that Alsrerism was a national danger and Alger a public nuisance. The President's best friends ad monished him that he could not carry his Sec retary of War, and ceased to be his friend be cause he insisted upon cairying Alcer. The con requenees of his obstinacy he sees writ large as the verdict of the country upon the first year and a half of his Administration. The Pennsylvania Vcrdlef. (From the PitUburg Dispatch.) Such a result cannot change the facts on which the arraignment of the State machine was bfced. Not one of the assertions of tad faith or corrupt conduct of public affairs was controvertid by the Republican managers. They relied on avoiding thorf charges by bedoudirs the issue with national questions and on the brute force of organization. What the supporters of honest government most need to learn is that they cannot cipect any lasting success until they are ready to give the same organized care to getting out the vote and watching their opro ncnts. and to establish the same union, for ths desired result, that Is lhown by the Clemens which fatten off the control ot State and mn nniciple governments. t J s' a-l-aSarSSSeSS&ft . i&t!B.,L - iSl j"ii( J-f 1 Jv'iiJ-t--i.-""1 'i. .--. i- . i -.JicV5sOjr.. i ., .i.'