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The circulation of THE TIMES for the eek ended Nov. 12, 1S9S, was as follows: Sunday, November 6 19,765 Monday, November 7 4S.OS9 Tuesday, November 8 06,329- Wednesday, November 9 . . . . 54,176 Thursday, November 10 ... . 47,089 Iiiday, November 11 45,219 Saturday, November 12. . . - . 45.0S3 Total 325,750 Tiily average (Sunday, 19,765, ex cepted) 50.997 THE TIMES, In all Its editions. Morning, Even Irg, and Sunday, will be mailed to one address for FIFTY CENTS per month. Addresses clunked ts often aa desired. Readers of THE TIMES who may at any time 1 unable to procure copies of it at any news stand or railroad station or on railroad trains, will confer a favor upon the management by send ing to this office information of the fact. Communications intended for publication in THE TIMES should be tersely and plainly written, and must in all cases be accompanied by the ramc and address of the writer. Itejected cora munieation will not be preserved, and only man uscripts of obvious importance will Le returned to their authors The Adiotisers' Guarantee Company, of Chi cago, hereby certifies that it has by its expert examiners, proven and attested the circulation cf THE TIMES, cf Washington, D. a The daily average PAID circulation for the month of Oc tober, 1695, was 42.SOG copies. This Is GUARANTEED to the advertisers cf the country by a BOND of $50,000 in the Fidelity and Depo.it Company of Maryland, deposited with the Northwestern National Hank, of Chi cago. ADVERTISERS' GUARANTEE COMPANY. By J. U. MASON, President. FRIDAY'. NOVEMBER IS. 1SSS. Truth IUhpsi ernln. There is no doubt that the truth is having Its Innings with the Alger Relief Commission and that this seems to be synchronous with the deposition ol Credit Mobllier Dodge as boss and chief examiner. 'Whether he has sim ply taken a vacation and the boys are having fun with him or whether the long-threatened revolt against Algerian domination has materialized, the im mediate future will reveal. Anyhow, Alger Is getting it straight and warm. More has been revealed of the truth and the vital inwardness of his murderous maladministration since the election Jn one little week of six working days than during the dawdling months that preceded. If anything can change a look of simpering happiness to one of real anxiety which the situation would lmiose on a man of conscience anil Judgment, the testimony of this week must do it From the restricted inspector general of the army, from the chief surgeon in Cuba and from other witnesses the Al ger Relief Commission, and in some measure the public, have learned that the chief first cause of all the woe that followed our short war with Spain, was the appalling presumption of the civil ian Secretary of War and his immediate subordinates In" the War. Office, which hampered and virtually deposed the commanding general and which robbed the inspector general of the reports of his subordinates, cutting off communi cation of his office with the army in the field and camp and causing himself nnd his principal assistant, General Sanger, to enter the active service. With fatuous conceit, the War Office, lifter seizing on General Miles' plan of campaign, sacrificed the benefit of the rervlces of General Miles and General Breckinridge and invited the long train of horrors that is the Inevitable price f amateur generalship. The selection of a Michigan man of fat wit and un Vleldy body to conduct the invasion of n tropical island in hot weather was another sequence of audacious amateur war-making, and to this, at last, is trac ed most of the needless sufferings of the army In Cuba. It Is obvious from the documents submitted by General Miles in Ills re port that If he had been allowed to ex ercise his functions all the defects would have been avoided. It is equally evident that if General Breckin ridge had been permitted to control his own office and subordinates the head of every department medical, quarter master, commissary, etc. would have been in constant touch with the army, and would have known, and enabled to cure, every' defect. All the evils that followed were the Inevitable effects of this cause. The recent testimony of Major La Garde, a regular army sur geon, in command of the hospital at Siboney, proves that General Shatter was personally responsible for the lack of stores of all kinds, which led to the exposure, deprivation and susceptibility to disease that wrecked his command. General Shatter Is shown to be as de ficient In knowledge of what is neces. sary for an army in action as of the conditions of the battle field. He does not, however, monopolize the blame, I'he War Department, whose transpor tation officials allowed the Fifth Corps to leave Florida without the proper vessels for effecting a landing of sup plies, must shoulder Its share of the di rect responsibility. But It Is -a waste of time to go into the minor faults. Given a civilian as Secretary of War, whose brief and not happy Civil War experience unfitted him to bother with military operations, who, with his ambitious subordinates, resolved to dispense with the advice and prohibit the activity of an expe rienced commanding general; and given a subordinate who crippled the Inspec tor's department and severed the com- , munication between the War Office and the army; and given a commander in the field of a physique that was fatal to his energy in a. hot climate and who was obstinate in his reckless disregard of military conventionalities and es sential principles given all these and what could there be but disaster? Trie only saving things were the adoption of General Miles' plan of campaign, the interference of General Miles at a criti cal moment, the good sense and brav ery of the subordinate officers and the matchless courage and determination and endurance of the soldiers. But for these saving things there would have been but few of our heroes to suffer and die of the blundering at Washington. We have got at the prime causes now, and every indignant expression of the American people finds Its full warrant in the testimony of trustworthy witnesses. A Valuable Hint to Europe. It may probably be said by a sectidn of the continental press that what might be called the pointed Anglo Americanism of Mr. Joseph Chamber lain's Manchester speech was intended for political effect in Europe. We' are at liberty to accept that view ourselves without detracting from the other con siderations, that it may have been also, designed to carry a message of fra ternityand good cheer to the people of America, and that the British colonial secretary's remarks were loaded down with plain truth. For example, Mr. Chamberlain is quite correct in his expressed opinion that past differences between the moth er country and her successfully rebef Ilous Yankee offspring have been the re sults of misunderstanding; that each now understands the other better; that a practical rapprochement has. been growing fast in consequence, and that its logical outcome may have an im portant, if not a dominating, effect upon the world politics of the future. It is fully appreciated on this side of the At lantic that the heart of Britain went out to us when, lately, we undertook the risks and cheerfully submitted to the certain losses In property-and life In volved in a war for humanity. We may say that the brotherhood and moral support of our British cousins during our contest with Spain has ef fectually wiped out a sentiment of dis like toward Great Britain in the United States that had not been overcome and but little if at all diminished during a hundred years. But at last Americans have learned to recognize the fact that John Bull collectively Is at bottom cap able of the sturdy and honest friendship that we have always known him tobe individually. On the other hand, recent events have taught both the rulers and the people of the British Empire that the day has long vanished when the West ern Republic could be regarded as a mere geographical expression, covering a huge aggregation of semi-ignorant farmers, hucksters, and cowboys. In deed, It lias suddenly dawned upon the elder nation that there is a great naval and military nation In the English speaking family, in actual alliance with which the Anglo-Saxon race and system could dictate peace and civilization to tlie round world. With the complete removal of misun derstanding, there is 'no reason appar ent why the United States and Great Britain should not In effect stand by each other in respect of matters of com mon interest and danger. Each has a vital stake In the preservation of trade openings in the Far East. Neither has any disposition to monopolize those openings, but botli together might be able to prevent their exclusion from avenues of commerce which certain con tinental powers seem inclined to close in their own interests. Acting together. Great Britain and America could present to the world an impregnable navy, and armies as vast as the united military force of the Old World, if that were necessary. They could nearly shut out the food supply of Western Europe. Against their com bined sea power the merchant'marine of all hostile powers would disappear from the waters of the earth. Truly, as Mr. Chamberlain said at the close of his speech, in the ace of a perfect under standing between John and Jonathan, "We two may guarantee peace and civilization to the world." Cuhnu I2v nctiatleui. If the American Commissioners at Paris have had reason to complain of , the dilatory tactics of the elusive, but ever polite Spaniards, what language I permissable in the case of an officer and a gentleman could express the senti ments of our weary Commissioners at Havana? The latter have been unable to get any other reply to their demands and appeals than the simple words, "We can't." They were Instructed to notify the Spaniards that they must get away by December first, but the answer was that they couldn't. Told that they must not sell cannon and other public property, the Spaniards smiled and went right on with the sales. Bluster affected them no more than prayers, and the position of the Ameri can Commissioners was painful and humiliating. Blanco said he might van ish by the first of February, and hope less of any results the Commissioners ceased their exchange of notes and gave ' up the meetings. The Americans were numerous enough to force the Spaniards to leave it they had been armed. Be sides the three Commissioners, Stephen Crane reports a bewildering string of colonels, majors, and captains, "all ob viously as important as the very devil." These all have their orderlies, clerks and servants, and it requires a whole hotel to house the outfit. Yet they have acquired nothing more than the assur ance that Blanco will not leave until he gets ready. How has the agreement to evacuate by the first of January been effected? Not by the Commissioners and their at tendants. Blanco's fears df riot have done it- When some of his regulars re volted and all the others threatened to, he promised to get the money and pay their back wages. He appealed to Sa gasta for this money and was denied. H was told to shoot the mutinous troops. He knew there were no sol diers he could trust, so he preferred to resign. Then he was instructed to hold on till the first of January and agree to embark by that date. The riotous dis position of the Spanish regulars has been a source of anxiety to the Presi dent and of fear to the Commissioners, yet is the luckiest thing of all. But for that there Is no telling when Blanco would get out. It is.especlally grateful to our Commissioners that Blanco is on the verge of a panic. They have been a source of disappointment and are ob jects of contempt and ridicule to the Cubans. They were welcomed in the ex- THE TIMES, WASHINGTON. pectatlon that they would expedite evacuation, but they have not. It was hoped they would protect Cuban Inter ests against the rapacity of Blanco, but they have not been able to enforce the simplest order. They might as well have remained at home to draw their pay. - No doubt the Spaniards will use the remaining weeks In fostering a Cuban hatred of Americans, but when they are gone the appearance of a firm and level headed military governor a tegu- Iar army officer will simplify our trou bles, establish order and enable the de pendent Cubans to go to work. Blanco has been a blight on the land', and we are to blame that he has been permitted to carry on his bold robberies with Im punity. If General Garcia is properly encouraged, he may circumvent the selfish designs of Cuban demagogues, and the Americans may quickly over come what is unbearable in the situa tion. It is humiliating to admit that but for Blanco's fears of the rebellion of his soldiers, Cuba might be burdened with him for an additional month or more. The Sell FIrIiI OiT.Sniiilntro. The country still takes an active in terest in the question: "Who won Schley's victory over Cervera?" In an adjacent column, under the cap tion, "Sampson versus Sampson," we offer some analysis of the two battle reports made by Sampson, which may tend to shed further light upon the ma ter. Aside from the value of the present ment, as tending to clear the way for unobstructed national recognition of Admiral Schley's heroic work, readers will observe that certain novelties are suggested which cannot fall to prove of importance to the sciences of chronol ogy and geography. Otherwise, a great deal of the truth of history and of the plausibility of sea narratives Is Involved in a, satisfactory solution of the mys tery that is still held In some quarters to surround the stirring naval events of the third of July In the present year of Grace. The KulNcr anil pnlii. If the Kaiser ever had any intention of visiting Spain, he was-ihrewd enough to abandon it after the Spaniards made so much of It. Whether any prominent official at Madrid was ever foolish enough to really expect even an expres sion of sympathy from the German Emperor Is a question, "but it Is certain that the populace was greatly stlmu. lated by what they regarded as a pro posed visit of encouragement. Intended to fortify Spain in her stand against American demands. It is probable that when Wllhelm understood the light in which the rumor of his touching at a Spanish port was regarded, he gave up his design, announcing as a reason the Illness of the Empress. Anyhow, nothing could be more ab surd and more Spanish than the expec tation that Germany would involve her self in a complication that would have a permanent effect on her relations with America, with no positive gain to her self. In this day, when every nation Is eager to avoid fruitless wars and to escape arousing animosities, no ruler who considers the "welfare of his people would go out of his way to encourage a defeated nation in a foolish course. Yet this alleged change in the plans of the Kaiser will be profoundly depressing to Spain. The suggestion that General Shatter should be called before the Alger Relief Commission Is absurd. What It should learn is what went on at the front. If the Spanish Commissioners accept the President's dictum, that the Philip pines are already wholly ours by right of conquest, they may make as many and as long arguments as they choose about the amount of the money Indemnity. That we should be able to proclaim the fact that the Islands are all under our rule and the Insurgents must submit, is the important thing. CoiiiiiiiKfefnuer I'eclc. (From the Chicago Times Herald.) As a matter of fact, the American people liae reason to feel highly elated over the result of Mr. reek's labors in Paris. He has to his credit the largest area granted to any country in the world 202,000 square feet and has also secured valuable concessions in the way of a site for a national building equal to that of Great Britain, a site for an agricultural pailion adjoining the main agricultural building; also extra space for forestry exhibits and for United States marine and Weather Bureau exhibits. The crowning concession of all, which could not hale been secured by Major Handy or anyone ele six months ago, and which illustrates more than any other concession our sudden growth in national power and importance, Is a grant of a generous amount of space among the "colonies." This space was refused when Commissioner. Peck first asked for it, on the contention that we had no colonies. But the sessions of the American Commissioners in Paris hae convinced the ex position authorities that we shall have use for space set apart for "colonial exhibits." A Mighty Lonely Place. (From the Chicago Record.) There is only one territory of any size and never has been but one occupied by any con siderable population from which woman is abso lutely excluded. Yet such a place exists today, and has existed for centuries. As far back as history reaches, to all females it has been for bidden ground. Thi9 country without women Is fcituatcd on a bold plateau between the old peninsula of Acte, in the Grecian archipelago, and the mainland. Here, in the midst of culti vated fields and extensive woodlands, dwells a monastic confederation of Greek Christians, with twenty-three cements, and numbering more tlian 7,000 souls. Not one of the monasteries dates from a later time than the twelfth century. A few- soldiers guard the borders of this land," and no woman is allowed to cross the frontier. Nor is this all. The rule is extended to every female creature, and from time immemorial no cow, mare, hen, duck, or goose has been per mitted to enter this territory. Itoonevelt and I'lnit. (From the Detroit Free Press.) Nothing so retards the task of purging politics of the Platts- and Quays as to hae citizens in good standing deferring to them, taking orders from them, and hanging upon their favors. It has been humiliating and shameful enough to see the President of the United States making con cessions to these malign and unscrupulous spoils men and plotters; but to have a man of reputed independence, sturdy fiber, and fearlessness like Roosevelt recognizing the supremacy of the Tioga dictator was a painful revelation to the ap ponents of bos rule. Not Pur Wrong. (From the Hartford Courant.) Dr. Swallow, the Pennsjhania prohibitionist, didn't get as many votes last week as he (and others) expected, but he got the chance to preach another of those admirable little sermons of his in a single sentence. Somebody askeS him whether he was going out of politics. "What right has any American citizen to go out of political" replied Dr Swallow-. Wliidnor Cn(le' Jinny Clock. (From the London Leader.) The queen has 250 clocks at Wind-or Castle. Some of them run for fortj -eight hours at a winding, one"f them for twelve months, and it is said that, in order that the winder may not forget the latter one, it is wound every rear on his birthday. The oldest clock the queen has belonged to Anne Bolejn. It is quite a modem-looking affair, but for the heavy weights that work it. One of the clock cases contains Gen. Gordon's Bible. pii AY, NOVEMBER 18, 189S. ffiSjF SAMPSON V SAMPSON. A very grave .question, affecting the truth of American, history, and the rep utatlon of -our navy for rersonal honor, is presented in a ' 'fcomparison of the variant statements made by Admiral A l 1 Sampson as to his alleged share In the sea light off Santiago de Cuba,, on the 3d of July, 1S9S. f t Admiral Sampson Is Irretrievably on record In the connection, in two reports. The first was sent to the Government by cable, and dated at Siboney, July 3, 3:13 p. m. It was that explosion of glory in which he announced that "the fleet under my command offers the nation, as a Fourth of July present, the destruction of the whole of Cervera's fleet." The second report was the one written in cold blood, and after he had been enabled to learn the facts of the battle. It was sent by mall to the Navy Dppartment, and dated, "U. S. Flagship New York, off Santiago de Cuba, July 15." During the twelve days which inter vened between the first and second re ports, the surface Indications are that Admiral Sampson deliberately determined to discredit some of his original state ments, and to denounce officially ac cepted geographical and chart measure ments. In an attempt to prove his active personal participation in the events of the engagement of July 3. It is unneces sary to charge him directly with falsify ing tlio data of his reports. They, and not The Times or any other person or in fluence, are his accusers. The process by which Admiral Samp son seems to seek the perversion of facts in his own Interest will be understood by reference to the inconsistent state ments in his reports of July 3 and July 13. In his report, by cable, of July 3, he states: "At 2 p. m. the last warship, the Cristobal Colon, had run ashore SIXTY miles west of Santiago, and let down her colors." After twelve days of deliberation, he says: "At 1:10 It (the Cristobal Colon) gave up without firing another shot, haul ed down Its colors and ran ashore at Rio Tarqulno, FORTY-EIGHT miles from Santiago." Again, on July -3, he says: "The In fanta Maria Tcrca, "Oquenao, and Viz caya were burned. and blown up within TWENTY miles of Santiago." H 1 But, two weeks qr less later, he asserts: "The Vlzcaya was set on fire and at 11:15 turned In shore and "was beached at As seradero.F!FTEEN miles from Santia go." In this connection. It Is Important to note the truth, thoroughly well known to Admiral Sampson, that Asseradero Is TWENTY-ONE miles west of Santiago Harbor entrance."" To return to the, Cristobal Colon, whlqh, according to Sampson's first report, went ashore sixty miles, 'rind, according to his second, forty-eight miles west of Santia go: Rio Tarqulno is SIXTY miles west of Santiago Harbor entrance by the near est water route, nnd Is riFTY-FIVB miles west In an air line, but, as Samp son's fleet was not composed of airships,, this latter route was not open to him. The mouth of Santiago harbor is a little over fifty minutes, forty seconds east of the point where the Colon went ashore. At twenty degrees north latitude, the latitude of Santiago, a minute Is 1.0S3 miles long. The Colon therefore went ashore FIFTY-FOUR AND ONE-HALF miles west of Santiago. But the coast line at this point dips to the south and then runs to the west, so that In addition to the dis tance west the ships had to travel south and around this bulge in the coast line an added distance of some five miles, mak ing the actual distance FIFTY-EIGHT AND ONE-HALF miles, approximately the distance first ghen, and correctly so by Sampson. Having cut off twelve miles from the true distance to Rio Tarqulno, Sampson finds himself In an embarrassing situation as to the distance from Santiago to Asserradero, where the Vlzcaya ran ashore. In his first report he raid the distance was TWENTY MILES, which Is practically correct. In his systematic reduction of distances of 23 per cent he finds It necessary to reduce this so that it may appear that the New York was in sight; so In his second report he says the Vlzcaya ran ashore at Asser radero, FIFTEEN miles west of Santiago. The first statement was correct; the sec ond Incorrect. When these conflicting statements are carefully considered In the light of time and distances the conclusion will be ir resistible that In orderlto reduce the dis tance the New- York'Jhad to travel to reach the Vlzcaya, Sampson reduced the true distance from ; Santiago Harbor en trance to the Vlzcaya by five miles, and that he reduced the distance between San tiago Harbor and the''CoIon, as, sunk, by twelve miles, for the purpose of bringing his ship, the New Y'ork, that much nearer to those vessels than It actually was at the time they surrendered. Sampson claimed In his first report the Third of, July report that the Cristobal Colon surrendered at 2 o'clock. Schley and aif of the other offi cers put the time at 1:15, or 45 minutes earlier. Sampson, In his first report said 2 o'clock because he (Sampson) did not arrive upon the scene of'actlon until 2:23 o'clock. Now, time is a matter of im portance. Sampson claimed that the New York was making 1C1-2 knots an hour when she reached the Colon. Suppose she were making 16 miles at 1:15, when the Colon surrendered, Sampson would have'been 12 miles to the rear. Now, even Sampson would not contend that 12 miles is within signaling distance. Despite the autocratic authority conferred upon him, Sampson, after twelve days-' deliberation, did not have'the 'courage to adhere in his second report to his original proposition that the Colon surrendered at 2 o'clock. But, mark this marvelous evidence of audacity. By his first report he was be yond question 12 miles or more from Rio Tarqulno at 1:15 p. m. In his first report he said the Colon surrendered CO miles west of Santiago. Having been caught reconstructing the time, he inferentlally admits he was mistaken as to the time to the extent of 45 minutes, but to even matters up in his second report he takes off 12 miles in the distance. In his first report he says the Colon ran ashore CO miles west ofgantiago; In his second he says: "It hauled down ts colors 4S miles from Santiago." Inasmuch as Rio Tarqulno Is SIXTY miles west by the nearest water route, it Is not unfair to ask why Sampson changed his statement of distance from sixty to forty-eight miles. This is not a case of rectifying a mistake. The first statement of sixty miles Is correct; the second statement Is untrue. The reason Is self-evident to make it appear that ho was much nearer the Colon than he actually was. If Sampson could reduce the distance between Santiago nnd the Colon by the space of twelve miles It would bring him up to the Colon 45 min utes sooner than if the true distance were given. This last statement has confirmation In the report of the Wainwrlglit board, appointed by Sampson himself. That board finds that when the Vlzcaya sur rendered, Sampson's ship, the New York, was nine and one-half miles away, and that when the Colon surrendered it was the same distance to the rear. The mysterious friends of Admiral Sampson in the Navy Department, who have notoriously and incessantly wrought to give him credit for a victory of which he was as innocent as that other victory In Manila Bay, have depended, for the pur poses of their propaganda, upon garbled statements and upon an assumption that it mattered not whether Sampson was on earth at the time of the battle. Never theless, according to the Sampsonltes, the battle was fought In accordance with a program prepared by Sampson weeks In advance, that program being rellgiously adhered to both by the Spanish squadron under Admiral Cervera and the American sea force under Admiral Schley. Perhaps It would have been better for the man with the mystic pull to have ad hered altogether to the Inspirational con tention. But it Is evident that he has not done so. What has been above recited goes to show- that he has always been de termined to compel whatever revision in chronology, geography or fact might be necessary to prove that he not only planned but fought the battle of Schley's conquest of Cervera. Even within the sacred circle of the na val service there are officers and gentle men who say that Sampson's professional recollections are susceptible of being taken cum grano sails, when uncorrob orated by the testimony of disinterested witnesses. One of this class of critics, who, by the way, is an officer of long experience and distinguished service, has suggested the following questions, the same being pertinent to The Times in quiry: Why did Sampson reduce the true dis tance from Santiago to Rio Tarqulno, of sixty miles, to the falsely alleged distance of forty-eight miles? Why did Sampson reduce the true dis tance from Santiago to Asseradero, of twenty miles, to the falsely alleged dis tance of fifteen miles? Why did Sampson claim. In his first dispatch, that the Colon surrendered at 2 p. m.? These and other questions hereinbefore presented are questions that will have to be answered at the bar of American pub lic opinion, if not before another and a more inquisitorial tribunal. Jnmcn Creclman at Santiago. (From the Review of Reviews; condensed by the New York Sun.) I choose. I was assured. I had already. I never knew. I might select. I knew. I had no horse. I started, 1 had to walk. 1 followed. I bad to wade. I had to cut. I saw. I might hale. I could not I c. I knew. I wanted. I must manage. I could see. 1 came. I was not prudent. 1 was not wise. I felt pretty sure. I and my companions. I begged. 1 had disarmed. I was introducing. I called. I lay. I shall. I don't know. - 1 had taken. I lay. I had seen. I was carried. I told him. 1 stepped through. I slung. I should not. I found myself. I walked. I could see. 1 got away. 1 was within.' I was at least. I waved. 1 stopped. I stood. I cculdhear. 1 turned around. I wanted men. I stopped. 1 made a signal. I ordered. I must say. 1 saw. I jumped. I wanted. I laid. I happened. 1 beiiee. I retired I induced. I had been standing. 1 lay down. I assisted. I tried to persuade. I had got. I left him. 1 reached. I found. I never saw. 1 was talking. I was so exhausted. I could hardly stand. I eat 'down. I told him. I had been. I could. I suggested a charge. I descended. I got there. 1 sat down. I thought. I was. 1 felt sure. I would not. I struggled. 1 was. I walked. 1 could. I fainted. I had. I was tied. I reached. I lay. I wanted it. 1 entered. I found. 1 entered. I went. I had ever. --. I found our. I had been. I declined. I guarantee. I threw. . I put. I hurried. I could find. I Hung. 1 was afraid. I left. I thought. I had come. I wanted. I ruched. 1 was in terror.1 I hurried. I waved. 1 ran. 1 was absolutely alone. X'lns. (From Harper's Bazaar.) Every individual who lives to grow up has in all probability asked, at some time in his'life, what becomes of all the pins that are manufac tured and lost. An old gentleman in London has prepared himself to answer the question. By a series of experiments conducted in his back gar den he has discovered that they go the way of all Mesh, and are resolved into dust. Hairpins, which he watched for 154 days, disappeared at, the end of that time, having been revolted Into a ferrous oxide, a brownish rust, which was blown away by the wind as it formed; bright pins took nearly eighteen months to disappear;' polished steel needles nearly two 'and one-half j ears; brass pin3 had but little endurance; steel pens at the end of fifteen months had nearly gone, while their wooden holders were still in tact. Pencils, with which he also experimented, suffered little by exposure: the lead was un harmed, and the cedar almost as good as new; but then nobody has ever asked the question about pencils, and he might have spared himself his pains. GENERAL POLITICAL G.OSSIP. It appears to be almost a foregone con elusion that Dr. Chauncey M. Depew will become the colleague of Thomas C. Piatt in the United States Senate on March 4, 1S9. The mysterious edict has gone forth that Mr. Depew Is the "old man's" choice and that ought to settle It, particularly as Governor-elect Roose velt seems to be In harmony with this arrangement. -Mr. Depew and Mr. Piatt havo never been what you would call chums. In fact Mr. Depew has trained with the anti-PIatt forces In the past, but his blows have never left any sting nnd he made himself solid with Mr. Pint and his organization by supporting Gen. Tracy for mayor last year in preference to Seth Low. -The New York legislature does not begin balloting for senator until January 15, bo there will be plenty of time for opposition to Depew to develop. Gov, Black Is the most serious '.loud on the Depew horizon. If It is true, as re ported, that he controls a sufficient num ber of the members of the legislature to hold the balance of power he -can make a great deal of trouble. . Mr. Depew lias never held any public office, although he has declined several In the past. He has hanging In a frame in his house a certificate as minister to Japan, which bears, the signature of "William II. Seward, Secretary of State." Although the commission was Issued Mr. Depew finally refused to accept It. Presi dent Harrison Invited Mr. Depew to serve out the balance of Mr. Blaine's term as Secretary' of State. This offer was declined but with the understanding that in the event of Harrison's re-election it would be reconsidered. Harrison's de feat, of course, settled the matter so far as Depew was concerned. Mr. Depew has been "mentioned" a great many times for the Presidency, but the onlT time he ever took the matter seriously was in 1SSS, Mr. Piatt permitted the New York delegation to declare for Depew, but the declaration had a string attachment. The string was not visible to Depew, However, and he labored under the delusion for a couple of days at least that he would be nominated. It was dur ing this period that Mr. Depew confided to the writer the sacrifice he would be making financially to accept the Presi dency. He had no more doubt of his election than he had of his nomination. : "Let's see," said Mr. Depew, In his cheerful oft hand style, "the salary of President of the United States is (50,000 a year, 1 believe, a pretty snug Income for . most people, but Is no temptation to me. The truth Is, I shall lose at least J-SO.00O a j ear by accepting this nomination. My In come today from railroad and other con nections is fully 1300,00) a year, all of which will, of course, cease the moment I become President. However," Mr. Depew added, with a sigh of resignation, "I have decided to make the sacrifice. It is worth something to figure In history as having been President of the United States!" Two days later Benjamin Harrison, of Indiana, was nominated by the conven tion. Republican politicians of the-practlcal kind who look at things from a cold blooded polntof view have been figuring on Col. Roosevelt's chances of defeating Mr. McKinley for the Republican Presidential ,,. iQ,-n Th- k,vi. ahmit "JS'if, ?. or , il. .., r..vnf th nomination of President McKinley If he lives. The ad ditional patronage Mr. McKinley will have at his disposal In filling the offices in our new colonial possessions win ot ltseii be sufficient, they think, to enable the President to control a majority of the delegates to the next national convention of his party. The ratification of a. satis factory treaty of peace with Spain will eclipse Roosevelt's achievement of carry, ing New York, and speaking of carrying New York, McKinley's majority in that State two j ears ago was over Cov.MO. This year Col. Roosevelt scraped through by less than 20,000. It Is the deliberate judg ment of the Washington politicians that Col. Roosevelt's Presidential boom will i have to be placed In cold storage and not exposed to the air until 1S91. otherwise it will wither and die. The later returns from South Dakota disclose the fact that the-Woman Suffrage amendment to the constitution has been defeated instead of being adopted, as was at first reported. The "new era" in poli tics Is not approaching as rapidly as some people Imagined. The President is "understood to be giv ing some time each day to the prepara tion of his annual message to the Con gress. Ills message this jcar will be awaited with more than usual Interest, as it is hoped that it will disclose something definite from the Chief Magistrate regard ing the Administration's new f jreisn pol icy. Up to the present time the Presi dent has not shown his hand. His speeches in the West and elsewhere have been confined largely to glittering gener alities and could be Interpreted In almost any way, but. of course. It was the Im pression which Mr. McKinley's friends created that the Administration was In favor of the expansion idea and not giv ing up any of the fruits of our victory, that gave the President his so-called "vindication. If the President's mes. sage next December falls'vto justify the predictions of Mr. McKinley's ft lends In this connection, a mighty vigorous pro test is certain to go up all over the country- However, there Is no likelihood of the President's weakening at this stage of the game. It Is regarded as possible. If not even probable, that the President will not go into a full discussion of the expansion problem In his first message. A failure of the Peace Commission at Paris to arrive at a satisfactory conclusion before the assembling of Congress will make It ad visable, man- think, for the President to let the subject rest for a time, and treat It later In a special message. He is being urged to do this in any event, on the ground that he can make his views more impressive by detaching them, sd to speak, from the general summary of tlu departmental reports which, as a rule, form the basis of the Chief Magistrate's annual message to the Congress. The President, among other things. Is expect ed to recommend the construction of the Nicaragua Canal, under the supervision and control of this Government. He will also ask Congress, It Is said, to grant a subsidy for the construction of a cable from San Francisco to Mani a by way of Honolulu and the Ladrone Islands. It is not believed that the President will at this time undertake to suggest tar ft schedules for any of our new possession 4 Senator John M. Thurston of Nebraska arrived In Washington yesterday and was one of the callers at tne White House during the day. He said that the Repub licans were certain to control both branches of the Nebraska legislature and would elect a member of their party to succeed Senator Allen. Mr. Thurston vot ed against Hawaiian annexation and has been opposed to the expansion idea.. He has seen a new light, howe'er, arid is now heartily In favor of the annexation of the Philippines. Four-fifths of the West, irrespective of party, he says, are in favor of the expansion policy. Representative James II. Southard, of Ohio, has reached the city and has se cured quarters for the Winter at the Hamilton. When seen last night Mr Southard said that he did not think an extra session of Congress will be necca sary this Winter. "All the business "that will come before Congress," he said. ''In cluding the Cuban. Porto Rlcan and Fili pino questions should bi settled quickly, and to my opinion before the 4th of March. As far as the proposed tariff leg islation Is concerned, I think that should bo settled quickly, as I think little if any revision of the present law will be neces sary." Representative Southard is ready to ask that the lumber rates be reduced, however. "This decrease," he explained, "Is wanted by the people cf the Wlist. Ths rate under the McKinley bill was Jl rer thousand feet. Under the present blirit is ?2 per thousand, thus keeping out of the country much of the lumber which would find its way into the northwestern and lake States from Canadian forests. The importation of this Canadian lumber would protect our forests and would also be a source of revenue. I am in favor of decreasing the present tariff on this ar ticle to Jl per thousand feet." The report that Gen. Corbln had been proposed as a member o tne Metropoli tan Club, of Washington, D. C. and his name withdrawn on Intimation that it would not b? accepted, is denied by some gentlemen who should have every oppor tunity of knowing the- facts In the case. These gentlemen state that Gen. Corbln's name has never been proposed for elec tion to the club, either In an Informal or formal way, and assert that any sugges tion to the contrary must be attributed either to pure imagination, or worse still, to malice. THE DELAW ARES' DEPARTURE. "It is likely," says Walter S. Logan, attorney for the Delaware Indians, "that the United States will soon see the last of them. The Delawares have a peculiar history. They met William Fenn upon hU arrival, and with them he negotiated his famous treaty. They stood as a solid wall between European settlers on the East and the ferocious Indian tribes on the west- They were known as 'peaceful' Indians, ever ready to defend their rights. If necessary, when attacked, but never provoking trouble nor making an attack themselves. It Is doubtful whether the early English settlements In thl3. country could have been maintained If it had not been for their friendship. 'Logan, the friend of the white man, was a Del aware chief. "Originally the Delawaresand the kin dred Algonquin tribes occupied more than two-thirds of all the territory which con stituted the original United States, from the Penobscots to the Savannahs and away beyond the Alleghenles toward the Mississippi, and they- numbered nearly 100.0CO souls. European civilization, ever pressing, them on the East, drove them westward and westward, until finally what were left of them were peaceably settled In Kansas, where the treaty was made In 1SCS. "The Delawares had been loyal through the Civil War and many of the tribe served with honor and distinction in the Union army. The Cherokees, on the other hand, sided with the South. The white men wanted the Delaware country In Kansas, and the fact that the Delaware braves had stood side by side .with them In defense of the Union was not strong j enough to protect them. But this land hai1 beea solemnly guaranteed to the Datawares by the United States and the I faIth ot tnc "oa was behind the Dela ware title. Again the Delawares proved themselves the friends of the white man. Fertile as was their new-found home on the plains of Kansas, much as they had become attached to It, they consented to move again. So the treaty of 1566 was made. "A suit is now pending In the United States Court of Claims and will be tried this Winter to determine the rights qf the parties under the contract. The Dela wares claim that as they bought and paid for two things to wit. land and the privilege of citizenship they are entitled to both. The Cherokees claim that tho Delawares must put their land back into the common pool and divide up with the Cherokees. "Whatever the result of this suit." con tinued Mr. Logan, "the Delawares have determined that they will shake the dust of the United States from the soles of their moccasins. They foresee that the Indian Territory Is soon to be opened up to the white man. They are not strong enough to resist the terrible and constant pressure. They have the best lands in the United States, and the white man is bound to have them. The offer of citizen ship and the privilege of voting contained in the recently passed Curtis bill have no allurements for the Delaware. He has had too much experience with the white man. The Mexican republic, our sister on the south, asks the Delawares to transfer their allegiance, and offers to welcome them to hospitable homes. A tract of land around the mouth of the Yaqui River on the Gulf of California. In the State of Sonora, fertile as the valley of the Nile, and In a climate where life Is worth living, has been offered if they will come and cultivate it- The leading men of the tribe visited this country and report ed strongly in Its favor. There seems to be little doubt that they will move to Sonora as fast as they can sell out their Interests in the United States. "The Republic of Mexico has dealt more kindly with her Indians than the United States," said Mr. Logan. "Our fathers wiped the Indians off the face of the fearth. In Mexico there are more men of Indian lineage today than In. the time of Montezuma. English colonists In America brought their wives with them, and the civilization that they planted was the European civilization. In Mexico the Spaniard came alone, and the first thing he did was to marry an Indian girl. And so the present Mexican race is the re; sult of the union of the strongest men of Spain and the most attractive women of the Aztecs. "Today in the United States the Indian Is a ward of the nation. In Mexico he Is free and the equal of every other citizen. Benito Juarez, tho great liberator of Mexico, was a full-blooded Zapotec In dian. Porflrlo Diaz. Mexico's present great president, combines Indian with European blood In his veins. Matlas Ro mero, for almost half a century Mexico's representative In the United States, has the best blood of both races in his vein. And the men who are ruling: Mexico now are of Indian ancestry- The Delawares think that in a country, where the Indian Is a citizen and an equal, where he holds the principal places of profit and emolu ment, where It Is helel an honor and not a disgrace to have Indian blood In one's veins, they may find a home and rest and peace and quiet for their footsore race." A Cinnt Walnut Tree. (From the Philadelphia Record.) What U considered the largest walnut tree in Bucks County, Pa., is about to fall a victim to the woodman's ax. The tree in question standi on a farm near Meduricsville. and. although ot great age, is not thought to hare attained its full growth. Some Idea ot the size of this monster may be obtained from the diameter of its trunk, which is exactly six feet. The distance fronuthe ground to the first limb is seventeen feet, and the shadow cast by this huge growth would shel ter a good-sized houe from the Summer sun. The tree has been sold to a lumber concern in Ohio, whose Intention is to convert the patriarch into lumber for the purpose of furniture manu facturing. The tree will yield a great number of fine boards, aod the grain of the wood is pru nounced to be exceptionally fine. Decline in Sncnrliic. (Fcom the Ladies' Home Journal.) Swearing is growing less, decidedly so. All students of men agree in this view, just as excessive alcoholic drinking is falling Into disuse. The principal reason f-r the decline of both ex cessive swearing and drinking is that men are getting more and more careful to refrain from any habit which places self-control in periL So ciety is constantly growing more impatient with a man who lacks equIpoie, while the keener demands of business necessitate men being more moderate in all things. The basis of the change may be more material than spiritual, but the change is taking place, irrespective of the char acter of the basis cr power. m i At " iAi Or "J-j.-Hji;.''- . rp ) j "