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js:j-5-n(i -wiiBS';J5"j r" --fraffcffc ""' ''s-ssi:fi jS5"g"uB'--;4 "-39wr- '.v THK TIMES. WASHLNOJpy. JJ11DAY, DECEMBER 16. 198a ' - ?', "s-y- - - - -. czjt. -stfiais??- tICimtiS (UOIiXINC, IVEX1NG. AND SUNDAY.) TH5 TIMES COMPANY. bILSOXBUTCBINS. President sun inrrciiixs butlding. Comer "fcEla and 1 Streets Northwest ScuscjiirnoN- IUtei MoNTiu-y nv Omnium Morning. Kveahg and biinday "Fifty Cents Muniinga&d Sunday... . . Thirty-fli e Cents li cmnr and Sunday Thirty-live Cents One Year. Morning. Evening and Sanday..I5jn Six Months. - - a.00 Three Months. " 1.75 One Year. Morning and Sunday ijmi SucKonthv. - - .jr; Three Monrlis, " - lj One Year. l"Ten!ng and Sunday U) Six Months. - ... xi Tliree Mouths. - - ...'"'".. 15 bunday only. Ooe Year. 1.W Orders by Mail must Be accompanied by wibserlplion pnec. u:PBOKi:JSdl'orialH?oms 1 NuueKas i Business Office ....... IWO U"LEa3 Circulation Department SCO CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The circulation of The Times for the week ended December 10, 1S9S, was as fol lows: Sunday. December 4 20.57J Monday. Decembers SSll Tuesday. Deeembfr 6 U.TSJ Wednesday. December 7 41,113 Thursday. December 8 4(.07J Friday. December 9 41.CS; Saturday. December 10 4U8 Total .790,2.3 Daily average (Sunday excepted. M, f0 41.99J The Advertisers Guarantee Company, of Chi. ro. lirreby certifies Hat it tit. by its expert examiners, pruvjn and attested the circulation ol TIIC TIllES. ot Washington, D. & Tire daily arerace rAID circulstion lor the month of Oc taber. 15SS. eras 4iSoa copies. Tin 1 OUAHAXTEED to -the advrrtiers of tLe country by a BOXD OF 5O,000 in the Fidelity awl Drrrant Company ef Maryland, depoitrd 1U1 the torliwcsrero Rational Banlc of Chicazo. AWVEKTISEnS- ODARANTEf: COMl'AXr. Bj J. n. liASOJ". rrcsidtnt FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, lKlJ. mx Deiitocrktlr OntrJcbex. The tremble with Mr. Bryan ami j num. bcr of other people who would bo the first to declare themsehes Democrats is, that they :ire too hopelessly Ignorant to be trusted wth either power or responsibil ity. The- have seen Mr. McKinley go to work to destroy the hideous structure til protection, which he and his friends hate spent a lifetime and much labor In build ing up, and they have never uttered a word of commendation or even given a .ign of applause. On the contra rj". they have howled and snarled at h!m. They know well enough that the policy of ex pansion, if carried out, would kill protec tion, destroy the basis upon which the b-tod-sucking trusts monopolize business arid bring about the freedom of trade for which the American people have been praying. But because the unconscious agent of reform happens to be the Repub lican statesman whoin Providence has se lected to demolish the edifice of protec tion these Democrats have not sense enough to approve, but mut actually op- pose his labors toward their salvation. It is, easy to understand how Senator , . Hoar can antagonize the Government and the people in their desire to give Ameri can agriculture and commerce enlarged opIKirtunitlcs. The Hoars,. Hnles and -sucii-Itoople are wise enough" to see" that ihe domination of the protected industries must go to destruction when good Dcmo f cratlc expansion batters at the prison wall 1 they have built around the nation. It is much more difficult to comprehend why persons like Mr. Bryan or Senator Vest Should oppose what, if successful, would impose absolutely the conditions ,for Thicli they aresuppoed to have been lighting all their natural lives. What, for heaven's sake, has bitten 1 HAJme of the old Democrats? Are they at last opposed to free trade? Do they wish to throw bimetallism overboard? If they do not, why in the name of political san ity do they antagonize expansion, which will actually compel practical free trade and make .free silver something more than a weakly supported academic proposition? Has II come fo pass that leading; Demo crats not only do not wish to support, but deliberately aim to defeat the objects that underiy their party organization? It may !eem a strange question to ask. but we arc compelled to ask strange questions. There are strange creatures loose. "We can call two of them to mind right cow, and both claim tt be Democrats. .The Lair Mr. Ilrice. The death of Calvin S. Brice, which occurred yesterday In New York, will be deeply regretted In IVashlngton. In recent j ears there have been very few men who, equally with him, have made themselves liked by the people among whom their lot was cast Mr. Erice will be long remembered as a charming host: as a man who under stood how to exercise hospitality with grace and to make his Washington home the home of his constituents, lie was a self-made man and a product of the plain people. His success in life. In material directions, was something phenomenal. It is given to some lndl lduals to excite tho antagonism of Uiose who regard their prosperity 'ftlth envy. Mr. Brice, on the contrary, was peculiarly liked, and his great financial achievements never de tracted from the affection in which he was held by all who knew him. Fool' G0I1I. In nearly every State in the Union there has at some time or other been a gold-mining excitement. A few lumps of promising yellow metal "have been turn cd up by tho spade of the inquisitive mineralogist or the plow ot the farm er, and the town forthwith goes crazy and drcaitTS of a new Eldorado. The last excitement of that kind was In Ohio. Ores wero discovered in two or tliree dif ferent counties, and sent to the profes sor of mining engineering in the State university. He examined them and fa'd they were Iron pyrites, and the gold fever promptly disappeared. The Incident In Ohio illustrates the eagerness of the ordinary man to get money with the smallest possible amount of work. This same trait in hu man nature has kept alive the stories of burled treasure. Captain Kidd Is cur rently believed to have Interred pots of sold on nearly every mile of the Atlan tic coast; and if similar legends are not rife on the Pacific coast it Is because there is no evidence that the pirate king was ever there. There Is something In tensely .fascinating about the idea of tak ing a fortune out of the ground by a few strokes of the spade. A shrewd old farm er once played on this trait In human na ture In a way which, if not quite hon cs't. was amusing especially to him. He caused to be circulated a. report that there was treasure burled in a certan part ot his farm, probably near some ap ple trees; he himself didn't believe the story, but if other people chose to try to find it they were welcome to dig. For the nest few weeks the ground In question was frequented, by assiduous -workers. some of whom had rartly been knov.n to handle a .spade before. Tiey Iu; around the roots ot the apple tree: they plow ed up the a hole field l.ke jia many indus trious moles. Finally they became ti ed and vent away: and then the astute owner of the land did a little more dig ging and harrowing, and planted pota toes. Ills apple trees also bore f.ult that year Jn .great abundance. The whole proceeding Irad been a ruse on the part of the farmer to get a very rocky and tough piece of ground ready for his crop without doing the work himself. The world is full of just such schemers, nnd their easy prey is the man who is in a hurry to make a fortune before he knows what to do with it. A Xutlnnnl 1'reiiiileMi. Great was President McKInley's oppor tunity. Grandly did he seize It. The note ho sounded at Atlanta ended the Civil War. Let the date be remembered De cember 11, 1S9S! The Spanish war was a righteous war, but, right or wrong, it was needed to remove the last traces of an animosity that began almost with the century and Increased in vi.ulenco until it pitted two sections of this coun try against each other in one of the bloodiest conflicts in the hitory of irnn klnd. That the defeated South, ruJuccd to penury by four years of carnage and with pvery household a place of mourn ing for the killed in battle, should re member with fierce indignation Its un paralleled losses, while the North, with its greater resources, forgot in Its prcs ptrlty Its lesser sufferings, was a matter of course. The passing years havo n-w brought material progress to the South ern States. Tliey have wrested from New England no small share of the pro ductive entcxprisqs, the wealth of wh'ch absorbed tile energies of the people of that section and made it easier to forget past issues. The new South has noiv other concerns than the dead past, wi.i 0 keeping alive a proud memory ot the de votion and courage of Us dead. It only needed some cause to bring the joung of both sections together In a common pur pose under the nation's tla?, to banish whatever was bitter in their recol op tions. The cause came with the war with Spain, than wlJch nothing Is nobler in recorded time. That the Prc.-I"ent wa superior to mere ly party considerations was apparent In his-prompt and full recogidtion of the qualities of Southern soldiers. Among Jthe first, to be chosen to uphold the honor of the flag were men who had won con spicuous places In the service ot the Con federacy Wheeler, Lee, Butler and others. When the soldiers returned from the war the North was no less enthusiastic and demonstrative in honoring the gallant men of the South than the Southern pejple : Uiemi-elies. The Alabama heroes receiv ed a hundredfold more of honors in the North than the Michigan man who was theoretically the commander of the C11 vban expedition. J iere, at least, the hatreds of the past were forgotten. It was in the same spirit that the President was in vited to the Peace Jubilee at Atlanta. At every station on the way he was welcomed with Cheers as the head of a united and victorious nation. At Atlanta nothing that could be suggested to show how entirely the spirit of Americanism bad supplanted every other was left undone. It is gratifying to know that the Presi dent understood and "responded fully. He surprised and delighted the Southerners by his deliberate recognition of the most Important fact that has -emerged from the clash of battle that the country is united, that the memories that are pre served are kindly and common to all. He was peculiarly happy In his form of ex pression. Considering his career as a politician and his timidity as a speaker, it was almost an Inspiration that ho should touch the-4nderest heartstrings ot his hearers. Nothing could show more entirely tho absence of sectional hatred than a tribute to the Confederate dead, whose memory is a religion In the South. His words are the last on the subject of the old sectional strife. They arc the announcement of the new condi tions under which a solidified people will undertake tho berlous responsibilities that have been placed upon them by the fortunes of war. The President has reached a noble height in a was that will endear him to all Americans who are worthy of the Institutions under which we live. Corblit 10 the Keifcue. It would be ludicrous if it were not tragic to compare two statements which filled adjoining columns in yesterday's newspapers. In one is a summary of the examination by the House Military Com mittee of Adjutant General Corbln on the subject of army reorganization. In the other is an abstract of the testimony of the chief surgeon of Shatter's staff before the Alger Relief Commission, the abstract being edited by that body before it reached the newspapers. In one the adjutant general, with round eyes and a baby stare of surprise and incredulity. Is quoted as saying there was no complaint of the treatment received by the soldiers of the late war. "Why, I have never heard of a volunteer officer or man com plaining of the lack of any article the soldier needed. The army was better cared for than any similar army before It." In the adjoining column Major Pope recites the facts of the failure to supply the expedition to Cuba with the articles most essential to its welfare" and de scribes the consequent sufferings of the wounded and the sick and his unavailing efforts to obtain the needed supplies. Adjutant General Corbln, who calls himself a volunteer, ought to know more about the recent war than any other man. It was he who disintegrated and' emasculated the office of the inspector general, and" by the virtual suspension of General Miles made himself the gen eral in command of the army. He se lected as the commander of the Cuban expedition a man who had served with him for ti short time in an inferior po sition In an Ohio regiment during the Civil TTar a man without experience above the rank of colonel, and unfitted by his lack, .of training and by" an un fortunate disposition as well as by phy sique to command an army of Invasion' in the troplcs, The purpose of the See- 1 retary of War to prevent any man from becoming a conspicuous hero enough to disarrange Ills political schemes, was the cause of the adjutant general's opportur nity. Among tho consequences ot the exclusion of the commanding general from direct control of the army, the per version of the Inspector general's office in his own interest, and the appointment 1 of the sons and friends of politicians to important positions which retired army officers and men who wero prominent in the Civil War offered to fill, -were the menace of disaster from tho Incompe tency of the commander of tho expedi tion a disaster that was avoided only by the timely Intervention of General Miles and the rare courage and impetu osity ot our soldiers; the failure to carry supplies from Tampa for the array. In cluding the wounded and the sick; the failure to take proper and obvious sani tary precautions, and the Inevitable rag ing of epidemic disease; the horrors of the transports, and the fearful suffering and numerous deaths In the Infected camps. From General Breckinridge, from a full score of surgeons, frum uenerals Sanger and Wade, from a medical commission, and from field and lino officers, the coun try l'Js learned many 6f tlie details of the unparalleled sufferings Imposed -on the armies In Cuba and in the American camps. Only the day before Adjutant Gencial Corbln made his astounding "bluff" before the Military .Committee, Major H'irtsuff had related to the Alger Relief Commission his story of the af-i dictions of the men at .Chlcl:amauga and his unavailing efforts to obtain sup plies. He distinctly affirmed that there "was not a slnqlo iirticlo belonging'to the soldier, well or sick, of which there was ever a sufficiency during the three j months in which he was the chief sur eon there; that he. General Brooke, and every other superior officer wired and wroto almost dally to the officials at Washington for supplies, but with out the least success. The same story Is told by Major Pope, the chief surgeon on Shatter's stalT, in relation to the Cuban expedition. IIu gives In the column adjoining that In which the sweeping denial of Corbln ap pearsthe details of the defects Jn the service, his efforts to correct them, and his failure. Tills accords with the testi mony of at least a score of army of ficers, including tlmt ot Colonel Roose velt, whose report is ill the possession of this same adjutant general. Even the Secretary of War.Jn his evasive ietters of explanation, admits enough to dis prove the statement of the adjutant gen eral. So do the surgeon general, the quartermaster general, and the commis sary seneraL The very fact ot the ap pointment and montlis oft Inquiry of the Alger Relief Commission Is n direct and conclusive dlsproval of Corbln's amazing statement that 110- officer rir1 soldier has complained of the treatment of the army. M that were true, -why these months of costly :essions nd journeys and this voluminous testimony of aJfilcGnf and soldiers? The bluff is -noteworthy, but It has too tragic n side, there are too many dead heroes involved, to a'llow us to look at it humorously. It is ivorfe than impudent it Is insulting to the committee to whom It was made and to the American people who mourn sons who died a needless death, and others who have been wrecked for life 'by avoidable conditions. A great deal of wind and statesmanship is being wastedver the Nicaragua Canal proposition, whfch is about as simple as anything well could be. The Nicaragua Canal Is feasible as a piece of engineering work. It is necessary to connect our "Bast em and Western coasts. That being grant ed, is It neeery to drffenil the argument that it should lie under ihe control of the United States? The autonomist "donkeys' who 'swore by Blanco and now swear by Jlmlnez Castel Ianos, his successor, have reconsidered their resignations and will put In a claim to office and salaries after Spanish evac uation. These Cuban Spaniards are not very smart, but they show- one, o.f the first qualities of the American politician, which is to hang on to a salaried job till the last Their last will come when the Americans kick them out of the way. They have never pretended to consider the Interests of the Cubans, and nobody was ever taken in by them except Sena tor Hale and the tew un-American sym pathizers with Spain. Senator Money Is right in the sugges tion that there should be some diplomatic negotiation -Kith Great Britain in connec tion with the Nicaragua Canal. We owe that to her friendship, as -welt as to the fact of the Bulwer-Clayton treaty. That we shall insist on full and exclusive con trol of the canal is a matter of course, but there is no reason why wo should be rude in the virtual abrogation of a part of a treaty, een If conditions have changed. The Idea suggested by the secretary of tao Alliance of Reformed Churches and presented to the Christian Citizens' As sociation at tho convention In this city that the Unt,cd States should confiscate the church property in the islands wrested from Spain is encouraged by such procla mations as the priests In Porto Rico have made warning the people against all Protestants. If these priests had ordinary intelligence they would "know vhai they imperil the Interests ot their organiza tion by promoting a distrust and hatred of America. It is to be understood that they are not Catholics as Catholics are known in this country, or even In Europe. As a. missionary agent who has spent a long time in the Philippines asserts, they have no conception of ihe purposes and methods of the Roman Church, and are without piety or good morals. The enor mous property Interests the church lias acquired In all the islands that belonged to Spain have been the result of robbery of the people. The higher church poten tates have been as merciless as any bank rupt soldier sent to the Islands by Spain to recruit his fortunes. Toi .tin eh Gold. (From the Philadelphia -Record.") One ol the gold bcailnsr creeks in the Klondike region, is called Too 1uch Gold, the u&lappy owner of the l'actulian stream complaining o( liia embarrassment of riches. In thH statement our humorist imy find matter lor fresh Jocularity, but Joling apart, it is certain tliat th2 world's sup. pb of gold is reaching proportions' that may well dissipate the fears of tlio&e economists to wliom the scarcity of the precious metal has been a coa Mant sonrce of disquietude. A Hnppy- Family, (From the HirKorJ Tinns.)" The Anti-ImperialUt League. nithheadquartera at Boston, lias a distingrdshpu" Hst M-rice'presi-dents. IU includes Andreir Oirncgie, Cnarlcs Francis Adams, ficorge F. Edmunds, Samuel Compers. John C. Bullitt. Herbert Mjxick, Ed turd Atkinson, Patrick A. Collins, Samuel Uonlcs, Carl Schurz, John Eherman, Jamee C. Cartpr, Bishop Henry C. Potter, It' s; Pinecpgov mor of, HIcb"gan; former President GroTer Cleveland, Itevcnly Johnson, Henry U. Jolmson, -anil Jolui C Carlisle. THERPOIFIXION. To thiSiEditJIicljThe Times : -"In whatj&'eir wis Jesus' Christ kill ed?" Is otiay$he questions answered In The TlmesXt .lSst Sunday -under the head of ,'Noles"'nn'oJueries1" and tho answer is "In' 30 '.H" Did" the editor follow the autlioruiyiliif thfe late. Judge Bradley In asslgnlntj)3t date? I tave preserved tho judge'sJ"olfnlon on that theological question In my scrapbook. Before mo Is a table of conjectural dates of the crucifixion nnd other events up to tho sojourn of Paul In Rome, pre pared by thp late Canon Famir -and printed in an appendix to his "Life and Works ot St Paul," 1SS0. .1 have myself added twelve authorities to his twenty six. Five of the tlilrty-clglil give no date of the crucifixion, but of later events In tho lifetime of Paul. Of the thirty-three' who undertake to date the crucifixion twelve say A. D. "3, seven A. D. SO, (not Including Uradley), six A. D. 23. four A. D. 31, three A. D. 32, one A. D. 33, and none A. D. 21. Three of the six who say A. D. "TJ are Clement of Alexandria, Tertullian, and Euseblus the Jlrst' church historian. An other, and -the very "earliest authority. Is the recently discovered Syriac Docu ments, which give tlie sequel to the story of Abgarus and Jesus Christ contained In Euseblus's "Ecclesiastical History." In all these documents the date is A. D. 29. Nor is thero any ancient authority for another date, save that of Jerome, which says A. D. 32, and the "Chronicon Pas chale," which says A. D. 31. Canon Far rar credits JSu,sebIua -n'lth the date A. D. 33, but tills contradicts his ecclesiastical history, whlcfi' fixes the year 2, by the story.of Abgarus and Jesus Christ. And I find that Farrar's year S3 Is taken from the "Chronological Canons," attributed to Euseblus. liitt doubtless a later monk ish forgery. The other two Jiulhorities for tlie year 9 are Davidson, and Mc Clintock and-vJ3trong'a "Cyclopedia of Religious Knowledge." Now let me tdmw how very uncertain is any of these dates. The crucifixion is described as occurring on the sixth day of the week, that Is to hay, on the day before the Sabbath' "hi The Jews, which began at evening on the day we now call Friday. The first three gospels describe that day of the crucifixion ab the great , passover day. """I here'wlth submit an ac-! curate astronomical table of the time of the vernal full moon, which fixes the day of the passover for the years 29 to 33, In clusive; A D. CO Sunday, April 17, at 1:31 a. m. A. I). -30 Thursday, AfiII n. at 10:S: a. m. A. D. SI Mondur, llarcli SB. at 7:11 p. m. A. 11. Si Julunh", April 12, at 4:44 p. ro. A. n: 3-Tlabtfy. April 2. at l:K a. in. A. D. 31 5!ondar, March ii, at I0:Jt a. ni. A. U. S3 Sunday,- April W, jt 7:53 a. m. It will be seen that in none of these seven years did tie passover fall on Ti 1 day. , Furtliermore,-to fix the date of the passoer on Friday Is a violation of the established plinclple8 of the Jewish cal- endar, which forbids the celebration en the day before" the Sabbath. (Se Rabbi Wise's "Origin of Christianity," rage 30.) Still further, the Jews allowed no tr al or execution oiriithe great paysover day. lbld.)"v ' The Moslems have their ancient scrip tures, rlvinsia, history pt the, world ."rem Adarri'down liirbitati their creat prophet -Ibrahim 'lo'Jsa, -he son of Marlani, b:- SOltcn oy oaurici in 111c guie -ui iier cousin Yussuf, a young carpenter of tho Temple, whose custodian was their uncle, Zachariah, the prifst The mother and child fled to Egypt, escorted by Yes uf. to escape the wrath of Herod the Tvlng. At twel e years of age Isa began to work miracles In Egypt After thirty years mother and 3on returned to Ailia (called Aelia Capitollna by the Romans, and now known as Jerusalem). Zachariah had been slain by Herod; his son Yahya (John the Baptist) had been hidden, but now came forth after tho death of Herod, pro claiming the coming of the propbet Isa, who would work miracles and bring from heaven a book and a law. Tho first who believed In Isa was his cousin Yahya. "Isa's ministry after his return did nit exceed three years. He was forsaken by Slmeon (not Peter) and betrayed by another disciple, nob-named, for a reward of thirty dlrhems. The mob tied Isa head and feet," and dragged him to a place where they had ready a stake on which to hang him. By magic their leader Isoua was transformed into the likeness of Isa, and "by the same power Isa disappeared. Tlie bewildered mob, after a little time, killed their leader and bound him to the stake. As for Isa, Allah raised him to heaven, as It Is written In the Koran "They have not slain and have not hanged him, but some one who resembled him." For seven days Isoua's body remained on the stake. Each night Marlam 'came and wept at the foot thereof until morning. On the eighth day Allah caused Isa to come down from heaven to his mother. Then sho knew he was not dead, and her heart was consoled. The same night Isa met seven or eight of his disciples at his mother's house. The one who had b; trayed him had slain himself, and Si meon, who had forsaken him, was not there. Isa sent forth his ukclples as fol lows: To Greece and Rome he sent Paul and Peter (not Simon or Simeon Peter); to Babylon he sent Thomas; to Kalroum, Philip: to Ephesus, John; to the Hcdjaz, Bartholomew". James andYahya were to remain at Ailia., .Then Isa reascended to heaven. His- mother died six montlis after the ascension. James and "Yahya were kindly treated by King Herod II, but under the influence of his mistress, Herodlas, another mother he beheaded the prophet Yahyai; The Arabian chron icle knows no Pontius Pilate. I believe that.our'ancient Scriptures are borrowed froin , the Arabian records, which lenow 110 csus, much less Christ nor Jerusalem but 1 always, as in the Koran, have Isa "and Ania. AY. H. BUUR. - ToCli'tpInloii. (From tliWiiJUJelrhia Ledger.) Few people fully Tfftljre the power of public opinion in formirjc ocvrcfoirahur the moral -character ol a community. There Is. a very small minority who have "sunk so low as not to feel its influence. Hardened criminals may spurn it .and defy it, though ccn in such u class some might lie drawn upward suiheicntiy to feel again the pressure of its influence. On the otlicr hand, 'a few lave risen .above the. sphere, of its authority. Their own sensitire -and enlightened consciences afford a far severer test of their conduct than that set by public opinion, and their standards and ideals hare ascended beyond Its reach. Yet when we eicept these" twocxtrcmes we fchall find that the very- large majority of people yield to its authority and are governed by Its laws; The conduct that it frowns upon they usually re nounce; the lines of action it upholds they strive to follow. This desire to stand well in the es timation of our fcllowmen, though not the highest motive, 13 at least a natural and-credita ble one, and one which supplies the elements of civilizationvand moral. progress to" a vast extent. For there is no doubt that public opinion, nMlc it may have its fluctuations, is yet, upon the whole, a progressive and improving; agent GENERAL POLITICAL GOSSIP. Mr. McKInley's Atlanta, speech has un questionably created a profound stir in political circles. It was discussed yes terday on all sides and the consensua of opinion was that the President had add ed to his reputation as a politician and a statesman by his palriotlc utterances. But whether his speech will result in breaking up the South politically by the elimination of sectional lines remains to be seen. Mr. McKInley's proposal to placo the care of tho graves of the Con federate dead under the general Govern ment the same as those of the Fedtral soldiers, appeals stror-giy to the -ntl- xncnt.il side of the Southern people. If I ins suggestion is carried out and Is fol lowed up in other directions, partlcu arly In the matter of appointments In tte South, the opinion is expressed that It might produce a revolution pollt'cally In that section of the country. However, f on his return to the White House Mr. McKinley continues to appoint negro postmasters"1n the South tlie char.c:s are that the South will still remain sord poli tically. Just how .Mr. McKlnle'a sentiments will be received In certain se-ct'ons of the North, where the Civil War Is still u live issue and former Confederates are cal el "rebels" and "traitors" and I:'aIns if the deepest dye. will be interesting to note. If It should transpire that the Re publicans nre likely to loie mo.-c vot s In the North than they can possibly gain In the South, the subject will probab,,- lij dropped. Credit should bs given to Mr. McKinley. however, for his good nteu tions. He no doubt sincerely ir.eun. to carry them out If his party will let him do so. In this connection it Is not out of place to recall the reception which greeted Mr. Cleveland's famous Cag order at the North. Early In Mr. Cleveland's first Ad ministration he conceived the idea that U would bo a gracious act to have tho Con federate flags captured during the Civil War returned to their original owners and he Issued an order to that effrct. The 1 suggestion was made. It Is understood, by J uen. 11. c Drum, the then adjutant gen eral of the army. The moment Mr. Cleve land's intentions regarding the disposi tion of the Confederate flags were made known a perfect Jiowl of indignation broke loose In the North. Gen. Fairchlld, a one-armed veteran from Wisconsin, was at the head of tho G. A. R. organization. He delivered himself of an Interview In which he made use of the expressimi, "palsied be the hand that signed the ortlr for the return of the Confederate flagx." Gov. Foraker, of Ohio, spoke 1n a rlmilar strain and tho Republican leaders -with scarcely an exception were unanimous in condemning Mr. Cleveland's proposal. -At the request ot the Southern leaders, the order was withdrawn. If .Mr. Cleve land, at that time, had suggested, ns"Mr. McKinley has done, u Federal appropria tion to preserve the graves of the Con federate soldiers probably he would have been in danger of being mobbed by partl sans ot the ralrchtld type. Times have certainly changed since then and the late war-has helped to wipe out sectional lines, but there are still a great "many "moss- backs" in the rural districts that must be reckoned with before the "era of good feeling" becomes an -accomplished fact In harmony Avith the President's sug gestion, a bill, it Is understood, will be Introduced in;, the House this Winter J opening the various soldiers' homes throughout the country to Confederate veterans. ; VI "I suppose." said a Republican senator last night "that the next move will be. to J offer to pension the Confederate soldiers 1 who were wounded in battle. Thatisonly one step in advance of what the Presi dent proposes. After that 1 presume. would come a proposal to pay for the slaves that wercj taken from the peopl' ot the South. Mr. McKInley's sugges tion looks very fine on putier, but th trouble -about such things Is that you never can tell where they will end. It is easy to start a. -ball rolling, but It is ,00,1 always easy to stop It. I am afraid 3 mat ine j.-resiuent nas unaertaicen a pretty big contract, and one thai will give himself and his party a great deal of trouble In the future." The sudden death of former Senator Brice of Ohio in New York yesterday was a great Shock fo his personal andj political friends In Washington. The ma jority of them were not aware that he had been sick. During his term as sena tor here Mr. Brice entertained most lav ishly, and his house was a social and po litical center. "If Brice had lived," said one of his friends last jiight "he would have figured In the politics of the country again, as lie w-as a man that was hard to heep down. 1 believe that he was making plans to be elected to the Senate to suc ceed Senator Foraker, and the chances are that he would have been successful, as he would have had the secret If not open support of Senator Hanna." Representative Sherman ot New York gave out a quiet tip yesterday that Secre tary Bliss was resigning from the Cabinet to become ambassador to London. Mr. Sherman appeared to have an exclusive .monopoly of this ""news."" It could not be corroborated In any quarter, and probably has no foundation. The reason assigned for Mr. Bliss's retirement from the Cab inet is that his private business requires his undivided attention. If he should go to London ho would be more out of touch with his private .business than If he re mained in the Cabinet. It seems to be generally accepted that Mr. Bliss's successor at the head of the Interior Department will not be a New York man. New York State is not par ticularly Interested In the Interior Depart ment and really cares very little who is al the head of It The most prominent candidate-mentioned for the place is Hon. Dinger Hermann, of Oregon, the present commissioner ot the general land office. Mr. Hermann has showed marked ablllty In the management of his office, and his selection for the higher post of Secretary of the Interior would be well received throughout tho West WIUi the' retirement ot Mr. Bliss, New York will be without a representative in the Cabinet, unless his successor should be taken from that State, for the first tlrra in a good many years. New Yorkers have grown to think that no Administration could get alonS without a New York man sitting, at the President's council table. "I do not think that anyone living to--day," said former Senator Jo C. S. Black- hum of Kentucky yesterday, '"will live to ,see a President succeed himself in the "White House. Presidents may be elected for a seond time as Mr. Cleveland w-as, after, an Interval of four or more years, but tro mart. In my judgment, will for 1 good many 9 cars have the distinction ol succeeding himself. The country Is sc evenly balanced politically that the pen dulum is bound to swing back and fortl" every four years. I do not believe that any exception W'W he made in Mr. McKIn ley's favor. His Administration has the credit of having fought a Tirlef and suc cessful war, but the problems growing out of it will prevent Mr. .McKInley's re election. His troubles have only just be gun. Ho will probably be renominated, but, in my judgment, the next President will be a Democrat"' An All-Aronnd Jnjrjrler. (From the Fort Tajne flaictte.) In tlxTarrtf-expansioD Tace Grovir QerelaniT will 'win against Carnegie, Hoar and Norton and hare lime, to spare.. He ran fish with one hand. : hatch eggs with the other and Vick islands off the track with both feet and never lose his lead. TO SUCCEED "DDt. BLISS. Tlionina Ilynn, of Ifauias, Ureeil n-s a Cnndlduto. The Congressional and other friends of Thomas Ryan, of Kansas, Assistant Se; retary of the Interior, have entered Lint as a candidate to succeed Secretary Cor nelius N. Bliss when the latter' resig nation is accepted by President McKin ley. This action was decided upon last night, and the friends of Asslitant Sc retary Ryan point out that he Is a man of ability and experience In pub.lc af fairs; also that he served fourteen years In Congress with Mr. McKinley, be:oai Ifig a member of the House of Represen tatives when the Pics dent did. and that he retired from Congressional life at the close of the same sess.on when Mr. Mc Kinley retired. They also point out that Kansas has been in the Union forty years and has neer had a Cabinet office. The fur States contiguous, to Ivacsas have, in the meantime. b?en represented In the Cabi net Attorney General Garland was fr m Arkansas; Secretary ot the Interior Francis, who served with President Cleveland, was from Mlsqurl; Hoa. George W. McCreary. Secretary of War, was from Iowa; Sterllns Morton, Sec retary of Agriculture, was apioInlcd from Nebraska, and the present Secre tary of Agriculture Ti S5u, Is from Iowa. "The Republicans of lCansas " said en? of Mr. Ryan's supporters, last nlgLt "now beileve they have a go-xi charce for Cabinet recognition and a very g od man in Assistant Secretary Ryan for ths place, and President McKinley will be urged to give them the portfolio they ask for it ns a matter ot Just reward to the States, and one of Its ablest .sons." Sir. Ryan also ericd as minister to Mexico, haling been appointed by P.es- lflent Harrison. "FOBMAI. ORDERS ISSUED. Officer!) .anird for tin- Military DliUleii of Cuba. Formal orders were issued at the War Department yesterday establishing the military division of Cuba, and placing Maj, Gen. John R. Brooke in command as military governor; jiIsd assigning Maj. ' Gen. Fitzhugh Lee as mltltary governor of the province of Havana, and niacin; JIaj. Gen. William Ludlow in charce of the military and civil forces, revenue, ponce, ana sanitation In the city of Ha vana. The submllltury departments lu Cabal will lie comanded, so far as decided upon, 1 as tollons: Department of Plnar del Rio "Brig. J Gen. G. W. Davis. Puerto PrlnclDe Gen. L. II. Carnenter. Department of Santa Clara Gen. Simon 3 Snj'der. Department of Santiago Gen. Leonard Wood. A COTJBT OF TNQTJIBY. It WIll Iuseatlsulr tin- Hrr ..at- laKHucliiinrits Accident. Acting Secretary Allen yesterdaj ap IKiInted a court of inquiry to invest' gate" tlie circumstances and fix the responsi bility for tho recent grounding ot the 1 battleship Massachusetts, off Governor's Virginia Regiment embarked this after Island. Tho court will meet on Moiday, J , on the transport Chester for Cuba. December 19, at the Brooklyn navy yard. I , , ., , . , ,. , it in 'i. ,. i -f, ;. 1 and will sail early tomorrow moruIng.-A It will consist of Commodore Picking, i . nnd f.-intnlns x.ivim- mi iwr tviih ' friendly mark of respect was the escort Lieut Robert L. Russell as Judge' advo-! of the Forty-ninth Iowa Regiment ten Vnte I dered them on their march to the beat. cate. Tlie report of Naval Constructor .Bowles on the damage to the Massahu-1 setts was received at the Navy Depirt-J ment yesterday. HU description of tr.ei . . .. . . ', . . i uaiuesmn s iniunes anrees wiin iniri published in the newspapers Tbe verti cal keel Is criipled and must be replaced. Mr. Bowles estimates that the repair work will cort about JSjreO and that It can be completed In thirty days. "HO SUNSET IN" AMERICA. The Creat Umpire We Minll lie luentli to Our Cnlldren. (Frwn the M. Loni -Ciobe-Demoerat.) Like the empire of Charles V, the . umieu scales as now a lana on wntcn ins . sun -never sets. Going westward the differ ence in longitude between Eastport, lie,. and Manila is about 175 degrees. To the dwellers on the Atlantic coast of the United States Manila Is very near the an tipodes. Traveling westward from the eastern verge of the country to Its west ern boundary in the far Pacific a clrcu.t of almost half the globe is made. Except In midwinter the sun rises in Eastport be fore it sets in Manila. In summer, au tumn and spring It Is daylight along the eastern coast of the United States befcre it is night on the western boundary. Eng land, France and Germany also have terri tory so widely diffused that the sun shinea on some part of it every hour ot the twenty-four, butof course, in contiguous territory the United States is for ahead -ot all ot these. In area, exclusive of colonies, the Uni ted States is the largest nation in the w-orld except China. It far exceeds In superficial extent the empire of Alexan der the Great or the Rome of Caesar and Trajan. It surpasses the domain of Char lcmango or the territory of Charles V. exclusive of his colonial possessions In America, which were -of indefinite extent and which only technically belonged to Spain, for no Spaniard In Charles' time had ever seen: any more than a small fragment of the region that Spain claim ed In the days of Charles and of his son Philip II. It exceeds the Empire of Rus sia, in Europe. In population the United States exceeds every "Christian nation of theslobe. If colonial possesions are omit ted. In the case of the United Stitcsthe area and population of the colonies are comparatively trilling, but In that ot the other great Christian countries which have been .mentioned the area of the colo nies largely surpasses that of the mother country, and in the case of all of them ex cept Germany they are exceeded by their colonies In population. In wealth and material strength the United States Is far better equipped than any other coun try for getting detached territory if It should ever engage- In that task to any Important extent. imperial America, which comprises more than half of the Inhabited liortiDn of one continent, stretches its arms across to another hemisphere. "Its pos sessions dot the world's greatest ocean nnd extend from the arctic circle down to a point close to the equator. Its colonies, from the Alaskan Islands of the north to Hawaii, the Carolines and the Phllippiies of the southern tier, are distributed with in easy sailing distance of each other. They cover all climates, from the frigid to the torrid. When our new conquests are occupied the Stars and Stripes will be as familiar a sight on the Islands of the Pacific as is the Union Jack of England. Unlike many of the colonies of England and other nations, the United States" new possessions will all be productive. They will add largely to the country's wealth and cencral resources. Settlers and capital from all parts of the world ' will flow Into them Immediately alter tne United gets them into its hands. Through them the country acquires a new credit nnd potency, and the advantages of American civilization will be extended halt way round the globe. The Trial or Mrs. Hotkln. (From 11m .San Francisco Examiner.) The trial of Mrs. Botkin will he one of the celebrated cases of the decade, and will turn tlie attention "of" the whole country to oar methods of adrmnisSering justice in California. The murder, -by whomsoever committed, was one of the moa extraordinary In the history of crime, ami was entirely novel of conception: the wicked product -of a depraved imagination. Under all circumstances pcascning is the most hideous and treacherous of crimes, but in the present case the poisoner has discovered a means of im roea5ureab"j widening the sphere of danger. We baTe no desire to condemn anybody in advance of trial, or forestall the verdict of. the jury, but it is proper to saythat California rests under the imputation that "atice cannot be done where a woman Is concerned, and that female murderers almost invariably go scot free. HUB3ZING rtHEENNEY TBIATa The Jadtrr'n Clinrsp 3Inr Vr Dellv. ereil Tomorrow. Wilmington, DeL. Dec. 13. The trial of United States Senator Kermey is being hurried to an end. This morning District Attorney Vandesrift concluded his open ing remarks, and was followed in turn t John Biggs ami Levi C. Bird for the de fense. Tho latter was still speaking when court adjourned tonight and wltl finish in the morning. Mr. Vandegrift will then close for the State and Judge Bradford Is expected to deliver his charge on Sat urday. la his speech Mr. Biggs charged that the Government's attorney was persecut ing the defendant, and he dismissed the matter of the Bay State Gas stock as a mistake upon the part of Kenr.ey. Mr Bird's argument was mainly In the direc tion of denyins any Intent to defraud on the part of the defendant He spoke wtth mueii vigor and scored Boggs without stint TWO "nEOiEN KTT,T,T."D. "9ewil Fnmlllen llnrely I.Mcue "With Tlirlr Uvea. Chicago. Dec 15. The co "lapse ot a wall during-a fire at 3131 and 3155 Cottage Grove Avenue tonight killed two firemen and In jured a half dozen othersuaThc building, which was a fire trap, was completelv destrojed. Several families living In apartments on the -second floor were rout ed by the flames and barely escaped with their Jives, losing all their household and personal effects. The first floor of the building; a two-story brick structure, was occupied by tho Palace Livery Stable Company. The fire originated In the stable. Truck Company No. 11 was among the first ar rivals at tha fire, which soon got beyond 1 control of the flrvmen on hand. Lieut Meyer ordered his men to hoist a ladder to the second floor. This was done, and the lieutenant, followed by members of bis company, started up. He had just reached the second floor when the .wall collapsed, killing him and one other. An tho injured firemen. It Is believed, will recover. THE TIW-TIiATE TBTJST. it 1 Invorpornr-d Y-.stenlnj-. Cap Italian! nt f"O.OOO.UOO. .Newark. N. J., Dec. 13. Articles ot In corporation have been filed In Newark for -ihe Anjerican Tin Plate- Company, the incorporators lehi' James B. Dill, of 27 Pins Street. New York (ninety sfiares); Howard K. "Wood and D. C. McLaren, East Orange rlve shares each). These shares comprise the capital with which business is to b begun, but tbe capital isation Is for &1.WISM. and from the fig ure Is supposed to be what is kmiwn as the "tin plate trust" The object quoted is to buy, sell and manufacture tin and tin products. Tlie preferred stock Is placed at f20.OGO.001) and the common stock at J",00C.060. VTHGINIA TROOPS EMBARK. The Fourth Hiartmrnt Sails Toilar for Cuba. Savannah. Ga Dee. 13. The Fourth The transiwrts Koumania and Mlnne waska nrived this evening and will lake ?uoara " '--"J-""" - ." """-" Missouri resrtlvely. sailing early Su.n- dav mnrnnr Th TlrstTtocns "a.nd First The First' Texas 'and' First " .Maine Heavy Artillery will dvu.irt on Tuesday on the transports Molale anj. Panama, which are evpected dally. QUEER PEOPLE. Mime of Ttaoite "Who Lite In the tlountnlUM of Jvrntuety. (From tbe "Vew York Timet.) William Goodell Frost. President cf Btrca College, a missionary lnsttut'pn situated in the heart ot Kentuckys mountains, spoke yesterday afternocn to the class in present-day problems at vhc Broadway Tabernacle. Mr. Frost's sub ject was "The Kentucky Mount ineer." He said that five jears ago ha went from his home in Ohio and tosk up his abrd among these people, his aim 2enT to bring them out of their narrow life ani give them a glimpse of the outer world. "When 1 went to these people." Mr Frost continued, "it took only a lilt e while to convince me that the 3)0 miles I had traversed to reach them was a longer journey than If I had gone to Eu rope, for I had taken a step from the xrresent"agc baelrto the seventeenth cen tury. "That portion of the Appalachian ranje of mountains Is one or the wHdest ard most rugged and picturesque sections if tho country. These peo;Ie. of whom ther? are about 3,W),0OO. inhabit portions of nine different States Kentucky, Tennes see, North and South Carolina. Alabama. Georgia, Virginia, West Virginia and Maryland. "Politics, religion, protracted meetings, and -whisky are their dlvertisercents ot life. "When it is considered what absolute Isolation surrounds them, the only won der is they are cot more wanting in all that goes to make up refinement and civi lization. As it is. they are almost me diaeval la their manners, customs and habits. There is a little pottcrey near Madfsoh, "way up In the mountains, where they manufacture stone lamps to bo used -with floating wicks, such as were used 3.000 years ago. Such a thing as a Wimp with a chimney or a globe Is un known to them, one reason being that It Js not an easy matter to transport glass hundreds of miles on horseback. "They do not look with favor upon edu cation, and IT per cent of them are regis tered as Illiterate. In the matter ot churches they show a marked degener acy. But they are not a degraded people; ;"3iey simply need to be .graded up. I had a number of rew lork papers sent to me some time ago for distribution among these mountain dwellers, and was de lighted to sea how eager they were for them. I found later that they were ustnj? them for papering their cabins. "These people weave every Inch of cloth they use. It is an Interesting sight to watch them, and I feel a sort of reverence In the presence of a spinning wheel, for It brings up all the old-time simplicity of th custom, and It shows that the spinner is not Idle or shiftless. 'They are hospitable, generous and open hearted, and every one of them Is honest to a fault Feuds are constantly spring ing up among them, and it is a most or dinary occurrence for one man to go gun ning for his neighbor. They think noth ing of this, for the same man wouldn't mind being killed himself In a fair and square fight 'They have a little mission Sunday school up in the mountains, and the preachers" speak to the congregation by appointment. One of the preachers was told that his next appointment would come on Easter Sunday. lie was too proud to acknowledge that he did not know "wh it the day meant, so went to his home on.I searched through his New Testament for the desired information. He did not find what he sought hut when the day came he preached on the subject of Queen Es ther. "Probably the greatest events In the lives ot these mountaineers are whet lectures are given in the churjh or , schoolhonse. They will come from ra 1 s around, .and listen Intently to th- ' -lures and talk ot them for month arter "They are all of good old Sco-ch d "English stock; they have golden h ar'a In the rough and are brav?. tone t rd generous. They simply 1'cU ur t n and to be told what else tlvr I in. I e. Our hlghlanders should b trial tho of Scotland and should ha'.e 'It-:- i ce in the modern Christian civilization f . our country." - vtiSjStAj3'J-sUfitSji. !&t -m, .,i t-S.fcj.-jT'- t &rJiJ rf-j .. . v -