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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, July 23, 1899, Image 1

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WASHINGTON, SUNDAY, JULY 23, 1S99 -SIXTEEN PAGES.
Number 191S.
Price Three Cents.
fJtri
ite
mlr iT i 'li-r-- - r.-..
gjjs.. Vyr-Ty riirprg
Elihu Root Appointed to Succeed
Russell A. Ahrcr.
A Sneepliiir ChniiRc of l'ollc Now
Impeded In the Department 31 II
ltar IfTalrt" to He Controlled 1
the Major General CoiniiianditiK
the Ami The Passing of Algrerlnm
The appointment f Elihu Root, of Ken
York, to be Secretary of War, was an
nounced from the White House yesterday
afternoon. His acceptance of the proffered
portfolio had been received bj the Presi
dent In a brief telegraphic message, -which
was not given out for publication.
Before Mr. Root's appointment had been
formally announced, Mr. Alger addressed
to him the following message:
My Ilear Mr. Hoot: All I know U what the
liewepapera wy, that yon are to succeed inc as
Secretary d ar. Should it come to you, I
mof-t eamestlv urjre ou to male the sacrifice
and accept the position. With jour Eitat
knowledge ot law and our excellent health ou
can serve the cuuittr in a wa) pinn to few
men. Sincerely jours, Ik A. AkCLH.
Later when his successor had been for
mally proclaimed the retiring Secretary in
dicted another message to Mr. Root, say
ing: "Accept my best congratulations
and thanks."
Senator Piatt left Washington In the
morning on the 10 o'clock train over the
Baltimore and Ohio for New York. Speak
ing of the selection of Mr. Root he said
that the President desired an able lawyer
for the Secretaryship. Had Mr. McKinley
agreed to appoint a military man. Senator
Piatt said he felt sure Gen. Francis V.
Greene would have been the choice. As It
was. President McKinley was anxious to
have a. man who would be able to handle
the many legal questions that might arise
In the c!ie government in the new colonial
possessions. He considered it more nec
essary to have a great lawyer than a great
military man.
Senator Piatt came to Washington with
the assurance from both General Greene
and Mr. Root that either would accept the
office if offered to him. Although his pref
erence was undoubtedly for General Greene,
Senator Flatt said he considered Mr. Root
the equal of an lawjer In the country and
felt sure that he would be of great value
in the Cabinet. Mr. Piatt was asked last
Thursday to make the offer to Mr. Root.
He Informed the President that Mr. Root
had signified his willingness to accept the
appointment and then a telegram was sent
Mr. Root formally tendering him the War
portfolio.
Elihu Root has recehed the appointment
as Secretary of War, and that ends the
matter, as far as he is concerned; but It
docs not mean that his selection Is alto
gether satisfactory to Senator Piatt, al
though that eminent "bess" will be the
Erst to frankly admit that the whole thing
was his doing. Never since the da when
Judge Noah Davis excoriated Mr. Root for
his determined and somewhat "ruse" de
fence of William M Tweed, has the new
Secretary been regarded as quite persona
grata by New York Republican politicians
of the machine variety. It should be said
that the gentleman in question was never
successfully accused of transcending the
bounds of professional propriety. In that
or In any other cause, but the effect in
certain quarters was the saine.
Moreover, as President cf the Union
league Club, Mr Root represents an ele
ment which Mr. Piatt does not. The latter
is by no means a "haeed," but he is not
of the swell set, and, by association at
least, Mr. Root is. The two quantities
have never mixed, and it Is rather ludi
crous for Piatt to crow over the appoint
ment which, it Is alleged In New York, he
tried every way in his power to prevent
The man he wanted, and Theodore Roose
velt wanted, was Francis V. Greene. Mr
Root was the Got ernor's second choice and
therein he got the better of the Sena
tor, who Is now In a situation where he
dare not say anything
Aside from these local political consider
ations the selection of Elihu Root Is be
lieved to give general satisfaction to the
country. It is understood that both the
appointing power and the appointee expect
the War Department under the new regime
to be conducted on anything but Algerian
lines. Secretary Root, as a civilian and a
lawyer well versed In business affairs, will
devote bis attention to the civil and colo
nial affairs ot the office and leave the
strictly military end of it to the Major
General Commanding the Army. Certain
advocates of Algerlsm have bsen heard to
u v .,., m. ...(,.-- ....... ....... ...t. ... ,
say that all authority over our Array at
home and abroad will be continued In the
hands of the staff bureau which exercised
complete control under Alger. But thoe
who know Mr. Root, and Governor Roose
velt Is one of the best Informed, are re
garded as believing that be would not con
tent to accept the office If any salient fea
ture of Algcrism were to be preserved in
the department
President McKinley is said to have re
cently shown a disposition to conduct bis
wars with trained soldiers rather than with
contractors and their department asso
ciates, and the consensus of opinion last
night was that a most radical change in
policy and methods would come with the
advent of Secretary Elihu Root.
ELIHU ROOT'S CAREER.
nintlnanUlirfl um u Liivv)er.
III-.
Trouble With Senator I'latl.
Elihu Root is the son iof Oren Root, who
for many years was professor of mathe
matics in Hamilton College, New York, and
was born at Clinton, In Oneida county. New
lork, on February 15, 1S15. By teaching
school he secured the means of paying his
way through Hamilton College while hU
father was still a professor In that Institu
tion, and was graduated in ISG3, as valedic
torian of his class He also studied law at
Hamilton, and completed bis preparations
for the bar, to which he was admitted In
J666 at the Universlt Law School, in New
Tork, and in the law office of Mann .
Parsons. His first partnership was formed
with John H Strahan, and the next with
Wlllard BartletL He attained prominence
at the bar at an uncommon! early age, an!
by the time he was thirty years old had al
ready attained euch a standing In his pro
fession as to be counsel for a number ot
large corporations, the Bank of North
America and the Hannibal and St. Joseph
juuroaa compan among others.
Mr. Root early became Interested In poll
tics, first attracting attention In that field
by his connection with the municipal re
form movement In 1S71 In 1S79 he was
nominated by the Republican county con
vention for Judge ot the court of com
mon picas, but was defeated. He was
appointed by President Arthur United
States District Attorney for the Southern
District of New York, and held that losi
tlon for two years, when President Cleve
land's appointee succeeded him. In lt$6
be succeeded Hon. Levi I Morton as chilr
xnan of the Republican county committee,
in which position he served for two years
Meanwhile he had been chairman of the
executive committee of the Republican or
ganization of the Twenty-first Assembly
district, and re,nrtirm a - .-.-i fa
the executive committee of the county
committee.
From this position he was deposed in
February, 1S30, b Senator Thomas C.
Piatt because of the decided stand which
he had taken against the latter's onslaught
upon the Chicago World's Tair. He still
continued to antagonize Mr. Piatt, and in
the famous triangular contest for the maj
oralty of greater New York in 1S37 was one
of the most actlv e supporters of Seth Low.
In Januarv. ISIS, he was elected to suc
ceed Gen. Horace Porter as president of
the Union League Club of New York city.
This position was glen to him, it was un
derstood at the time, in the expectation
that he would ue all his influence to bring
about union and harmonj among the dif
ferent factions of the party in New York
City, so as to pave the way for the tri
umph at the; polls which resulted In the
election of Col. Theodore Roosevelt to the
governorship the following autumn
Mr. Root's career at the bar has brought
him into intimate relations as counsel with
many contradictor interests. TIils ears
ago he actd as counsel for Tweed and
Ingersoll at the time of the exposure of
the frauds perpetrated by the Tweed ring
As counsel for Jav Gould he effected the
arrangement by which the enormous
claims of the Erie Railway against that
bold speculator were compromised. He
also acted as. counsel for Judge Henry Hil
ton in the Stewart will case, for the execu
tors in the Hoyt and Havemejer will
cases, and for the contestants in the Ham
ersle will case. He was also counsel for
Police Commissioners French and Wheel
er, for Fire Chief McCabe, and for Com
missioner Post, and other dock commis
sioncrb In the proceedings to remove them
from office. He has also been one of the
counsel for the Sugar Trust in its various
litigations, and has been concerned as
counsel also in the aqueduct litigation
the actions arising out of the Bedell forg
eries, and in numerous electric light, bank,
railroad, and other corporation litigation.
Mr. Root is a member of the most prom
inent clubs of New York city, including
the Union League and the Metropolitan
Club, and ranks next after Senator De
pew as an orator in demand on public oc
casions. CANADA'S BELLIGERENT MOOD.
Arlif trillion or Anr In the Alnnkn
Houudar flatter.
Ottawa, Out, July 22. In the House of
Commons today Sir Charles Tupper brought
up the question of the Alaskan boundary.
He said that the United States, in refusing
to submit the subject to arbitration, veil
Justified the decision Great Britain and
Canada had reached in declining to allow
the question to again go before the Joint
High Commission. He believed that ie
Government and the Commissioners of the
United States had lost confidence In their
own claims to this strip of disputed ter
ritory.
Sir Charles suggested that the Govern
ment introduce into this Parliament two
bills, one providing for a railway from
Kitelmat Arm, by Teslln Lake, to Dawson,
the other providing for the protecting of
British and Canadian Interests b) enacting
that no license to mine in the Yukon shall
be granted to an other than a British sub
ject. Premier Laurler, In reply, sympathized
with much that Sir Charles Tupper had
said. He stated that he had little hope now
of a compromise, and was sorry to say the
negotiations had not advanced the position
one iota from that of January last.
Alternatives, he gravely stated, were ar
bHratlon or war, but nobod for one mo
ment could seriously entertain the opinion
that the latter would ever by any possl
bilit arise. Arbitration, he emphatically
declared, must come, and although an
agreement on the terms of arbitration had
not yet been reached, he thought Canada's
wisest course to pursue was to cxercisj
further patience and forbearance. The
proposition advanced by Sir Charles Tup
per, however, would be seriously consid
ered by the Government.
BRYAN UPHOLDS GOEBEL.
Cannot Make a Speech in Kentucky,
Hut A rltcx n Letter.
St- Louis. July 22. William J. Bryan
arrived this evening from the Chicago ctn
ference and gave out a letter he had writ
ten to Urey Woodson, of Owensboro, Ky.,
Democratic National Committeeman for
that State, stating that pending engace-
Tn0ni, mail. It ImnncclKlA fn. din. .. ........I
w....., ........ .. itUjUA;iuit; ,, UIUI LU CiCUlV
n Kentuck or take any part In the guber-
natorlal campaign. He expressed regret
over the bitterness engendered b the nom
ination of Senator Goebel for Governor
and urges that he is entitled to and should
receive the support of all Democrats; that
he has ever been a consistent and per
sistent advocate of the Chicago platform.
In answer to tne objection that Goebel is
receiving the support of gold Democrats,
Mr. Dnan sas:
"Permit me to say that it Is not a valid
objection to Mr. Goebel that he Is support
ed by some who opposed the ticket In 1S96
We desire that all gold Democrats shall
return provided the will accept the Dem
ocratic platform and support candidates
pledged to that platform. We desire to
have all gold newspapers return to the
party if we can secure their return with
out surrendering party principles It is
not the policy of the party to drive people
away from it, but rather to invite people
into the party. The party stands comniiw
f ted to the doctrines set forth at Chicago,
and while it will not turn its back upon
these doctrines in order to gain the friend
ship of gold Democrats, yet It does not and
should not reject the support of any wao
are willing to aid in vindicating the prin
ciples of the platform by electing candidates-
who represent those principles.
"Certainly n victory won upon the plat
form adopted by the State convention can
do no harm, but what shall we say of a
defeat If the Republican State ticket Is
elected the Republicans In Kentuck and
elsewhere will le encouraged, and the fight
of 1500 raudc harder. If the Democratic
State ticket is defeated a Republican Sena
tor may be elected from that State. I can
net look with unconcern upon the possible
defeat of Senator Blackburn. He his been
so loyal, to courageous, and so devoted to
the principles, of Democrac, and has de
fended them with so much ability and elo
quence, that I cannot remain silent when
silence might be construed t mean indif
ference to his successor. The Senator
elected by the next Legislature will serve j
throughout the next Administration. What
shall It profit us If we elect a President
and House of Representatives nd have a
hostile Senate to obstiuct legislation
"In answer to those who ur that Mr.
Goebel's election would be detrimental to
the cause of bimetallism and to me per
sonally. I deem It my duty to say thit I
have no personal or political interests that
deserve to be considered when D-mri. atlc
lprlncipks are at stake, and that in my
Judgment the cause of Democracy would be
Injured by the defeat of a Democratic
ticket nominated upon a platform which
unqualifiedly endorses the Chicago slift-
farou"
THE TRANSVAAL DISPOET
France
and Germany "Withhold
Friendly Offices.
nilKlni"!'" lteiiueHt Tlint Tlies Hl
lOiiniKc the Shipment or ArniH to
South Afrleil I'olltcl HefiiNcd
ItinuorN of n llrltixli Ilonl " Ith
I'ortuKiiI Diplomacy With Kriicer.
(Special Cablegram Cop righted )
London, July 22. Mr. Chamberlain's
statement in Parliament that tho mere
granting of the seven-year franchise will
not settle the Transvaal crisis excited no
new apprehension. It is evident that the
struggle will possibly be prolonged and
will take place on the question ot guaran
tees. This will probably take the matter
over tho prorogation of Parliament. There
Is the best reason to believe that Cham
berlain's object is to obtain the guarantees
In black and white from the Boer Govern
ment, and at the first violation of any of
tbem to hurl an ultimatum at President
Kruger.
One of the guarantees will be an under
taking not to initiate legislation altering
the franchise and representation laws
without a previous notice to the paramount
power. The Boer executive and Parlia
ment, in all probability, will detect in this
the abrogation of the Republic's inde
pendence in International affairs, and it
Is upon this that the decisive fight may
take place. It is not yet generally known
here that the British Government has ad
dressed friendly enquiries to the French,
German, and Italian Governments respect
ing the shipments of arms and ammuni
tion to the Transvaal, and has received
polite or friendly protestations of their
Inability to interfere, seeing that the
Transvaal is an independent State at peace
with the world. It is strange that the
Government should lay itself open to Euch
snub3, for a brisk business Is still done
at Italian ports In the shipments of v.ar
munitions to South Africa en route to the
Transvaal
The German steamer Koenig is loading
at Naples a miscellaneous cargo consigned
to Delagoa Bay by an Austro-Italian trad
ing company, which includes several hun
dred mules, surgical Instruments, and med
ical comforts, in addition to several mil
lion cartridges. It is Impossible to pre
vent the ship from sailing. Whether the
cargo gets beyond Delagoa Bay is quite
another matter.
England at present Is on particularly
good terms with Portugal and there is not
much difficulty In arranging matters so
that the Portuguese local authorities will
be able to indefinitely delay the business
at Delagoa Bay without implicating the
Lisbon Government Moreover, It Is known
that negotiations for the British purchase
of the Portuguese possessions In Africa,
which were commenced nearly two jears
ago, have not been dropped, and It Is quite
on the cards that one of these dajs there
will come the announcement that the deal
has been completed. German consent was
secured long ago, and that of France is
not considered Indispensable- In these post
Fashoda days.
ITALY'S NEW BATTLESHIPS.
l'uur Great Veneli That Are to Uiii
hoil All Modern AthnnlilKCit.
(Kpetial Cablegram Copyrighted )
London, July 22. Admiral Bettolo has
Just completed the designs of four Italian
battleships, the building of which will be
commenced as soon as possible, and will
occupy not more than twent-four months.
The Italian military Journals claim that
the admiral has solved the problem of
uniting In one vessel of great size all the
advantages offered by battleships and
cruisers, namely, high speed, twenty-two
knots at least; the most powerful artillery,
and the most complete protection The
speed is to be obtained by an alleged en
tirely novel form of water tubo boilers
The armor plating Is to be about one
third that of the present heaviest plating
on any warship afloat, while It will be
more powerful, owing to some remarkable
improvement In the Krupp-Harvey harden
ing process The displacement ot these
battleships will not exceed 8,000 ton3, bul
they are speedier and carry bigger guns
than any existing On the whole their de
fensive capabilities are greater. Such at
any rate is the claim by Italian experts.
BLUE-BLOODS SHOCKED.
L.iitlleH-In-'vValtluK nt the IrtiTtlau
Court (lul Doiuentle Servant,
(p cial Cablegram Copyrighted.)
Berlin. July 22 The Court of Appeals
for taxes has decided that ladles-ln-waiting
at the Prussian court are domestic ser
vants. "A lady residing in Dresden appeal
ed against the income tax, on .the grpuud
that she had already paid It to the Saxon
Government. The Superior Court found
that the right to tax retired Prussian civil
officials Irrespective of their nationality
or residence did not apply to pensions. La-dlcs-ln-waltlng
who belong to the house
hold officials come, according to the Prus
sian law, under the schedule of "common
servants." Considerable amusement has
been caused as the ladles are invariably
from the most aristocratic families of the
country. Tho question arises whether the
regulations of August. 11, 1810, riving Prus
sian emploers the right of corporal pun
ishment in the correction of servants ap
plies in tho case ot these blue-blooded do
mestics. THE DREYFUS COURT-MARTIAL.
Morle of Torture JuereiiNe luhllc
S lupnth) for the I'rlMoner.
(cpecial Cablegram Cop righted )
Paris, July 22. The latert stories of the
fiendish mental tortures Inflicted on Drcv
fus at Devil's Island, despite the official
denials, have considerably aroused public
smpathy In his favor, even among thoe
whoe only sentiment has been one of un
reasoning hate and detestation for the pas.,
five years. It is etill Impossible to get j
definlto idea of tho scope and length of the
trial which begins In tho second week of
August.
The Government naturally insists tha
lt must be confined within Wio original
charges, according to the decision of the
Court of Casation. Dreyfus himself, wlih
the natural desire for the most complete
vindication, begs that the enquiry bp un
limited If the Government sticks to Its
lnstruct'ons the trial will scarcely occupy
threo das. but if a dragnet Investigation
is allowed full a month will be required.
I nut $10 n&etirlon to ChituttltHiun
Ia 1'eniiH lvnnln Italtroad.
T!fl. nn ciIa for 7 U . m r.fn lul. OD
j goud to return when properly 'validated, ur'tii
Aucmt 20, KjO. flO round nip.
THE PEACE CONFERENCE.
A Protocol Chief! Imposing In Vol
nme nnil I'liraHcoloK.
(Special Cablegram Copj righted.)
The Hague, "July 22 Thursday next the
Czar's Peace Conference will probably
reach tho solemn conclusion of Its labors.
The members of the Conference are con
vinced that they have reaUy a good deal
to show for ten weeks' work and certainly
the reports which they wilUmake and the
protocol which they will sign will be quite
imposing in volume and) phraseology. As
a matter of fact, the rjxsult of tho few
dajs' interval of consultation with the
homo Government- was itho still further
curtailment of the meagre) hcheme for peace
promotion. The only interesting feature
of tho past week's revision of the work
has been the further examples ot the clos
est co-operation of tho American and Eng
lish delegates. j
Tho third comraitteo jot the arbitra
tion commission todayj continued the
debate on the draft ;pf the conven
tion for pacific regulation ot Interna
tional conflicts. The delegates of Ser
via and Greece declared that they were
authorized to adopt1 clause 3. which they
had formerly opposed) Roumanla accepted
clauses 10 to 13 and proposed a new text of
clause 9, modifying tho original text. The
deslro for unanimity caused the adoption
of this amendment, Servia and Turkey dis
senting. Mr. Low-, of the American dele
gation, on the consideration of clause 36,
proposed a reserve In regard to the Incom
patibility of an arbitrator and the repre
sentative of a litigant party before a court
of arbitration. This reserve will be pro
posed to tho Conference for further consid
eration. The clause was adopted. A vote
of thanks was rendered to the committee
of enquiry.
THE VENEZUELAN DISPUTE.
Mr. Alallct-I'revONt ARaln Hefore the
Trlhnnul nf I'nrlM.
Paris, July 22. Mr. Mallct-Prevost con
tinued his argument of Venezuela's case
before the Venezuelan tribunal to lay,
proving Spain's right ot occupation of tho
Essequibo prior to the first lodgment of the
Dutch in 1625. If the tribunal accepts to
days argument, the Scbomburgk line is
defeated. Venezuela contends that the
Dutch secured the Essequibo by right of
conquest and the treaty ot Munster, not by
right of occupatlou of a terra nullins.,
Consequently they were entitled to keep
the conquered territory, but not to expand
it. Mr. Mallet-Prevost's argument was
delivered with great clearness and force,
and held the closest attention of the trib
unal. Lord Chief Justice Russell highly
complimented the Venezuelan advocate.
A CRISIS IN BELGIUM:.
The Cabinet Liable to split Over the
Franchise Question.
London, July 22. A Central News de
spatch from Brussels says that a minis
terial crisis has arisen over the franchise
question, and several ot the members of
the ministry have offered to resign.
BANQUET TO DEWEY.
The Admiral PraiHes AiiMtrin for Her
Action at Manila.
Trieste, July 22. United States Minister
Harris gave a banquet 'o Admiral Dewey
at 8 o'clock last evening in the town hall.
The banquet hall was brilliantly decorated
with the' Stars and Stri, os and a profusion
of flowers, Those prr("it included Minis
ter Harris and the stai. of the Legation,
the American and other Consuls, Congress
man G. E. Foss. Admiral Dewey, and tho
officers of the Olympia.
The banquet was over at 10 o'clock, when
Admiral Dewey returned to his flagship
Despite tho Intimation that there would
be no speeches at theibanqaet, Mr .Harris
spoke and Admiral Dewey replied. Mr.
Foss made a speech to which Lieutenant
Commander Bechler replied, and Secretary
Herllcka also addressed the company. The
chief topic was America As Admiral
Dewey said that he did not find a more
loyal neutral flag before Manila than that
of Austria, Mr. Harris said that he felt
sure that the United Stales had no better
friend than Austria.
This morning Admiral Dewey, accompa
nied by Minister Harris, visited the Em
peror's castle at Mlramar, which was built
by Emperor Francis Joseph's brother, Fer
dinand Maximllltan, who was for- a brief
period Emperor of Mexico. The magnifi
cent castle and park excited great admira
tion on the part ot the visitors, and tho
numerous mementoes and reminiscences
of the Prince which were scattered about
in the rooms he once inhabited moved Ad
miral Dewey deeply.
AFFAIRS AT HAVANA.
Vn Order Stoned for the Appoint
ment of CentiuH OfUcinlH.
Havana, July 22. General Brooke today
signed an order appointing census In
spectors for Cuba. The- Inspectors are Pe
dro Piquero for the Plnar del Rio province.
Manuel Pasco for Havana, Claudio Dumas
for Matanzas, J. B Jomenez for Santa
Clara, A. H. Aguero, for Puerto Princlps,
and Sabas Meneses forfiantiago They will
leave on Thursday for-Washington to get
their instructions from! the Census Super
intendent. The Bishop of Havana visited General
Brooke today and objected to the Inspec
tion of the convents by Major Davis, the
chief sanitary officer. General Brooke re
ferred the Bishop to General Ludlow.
Major Davis has already finished bis re
port, in which he will say the burial of
bodies within the convents is highly In
jurious to health He objects to the prac
tice on this ground and recommends an or
der forbidding it.
Colonel Moile, of the Paymaster's De
partment, is about to 6tart on board the
transport Ingills for Puerto Padre and
other ports in the east where there are
many Cubans awaltli g their pa.
The Secretary ot Justice has conferred
with General Brooke as to the best means
of obtaining the liberty of Luis Oteiza,
who is now at Ceuta serving a sentence of
fourteen ears' imprisonment for fraud
against the Spanish treasurj while he was
treasurer In Havana in 1810. Oteiza was
extradited froTi New York after a long
legal fight upon the petition of General
Salamanca, who was- then Governor-General
of Cuba He has Jurt been pardoned
by the Audencla but It is feared that
Spain will not deliver him to the Cuban
authorities. The Secretary of Justice im
poses that Oteiza be Sent here as a con
vict to be sentenced bytn Cuban court to
serve his term here Tills being done It
Is the Secretary s intention 10 reie-ise mm
The protest of the Arfideni of Sclencp
against General Urookes allowing pnsi
clans to tike examinlOon and pra-tice
here with the aid of interpreters. In which
It was declared that all qhanges In the law
here by the Americans! since January 1
were mil and void, was met toda by a
counter petition, presented to Secretar of
Justice L-.ntiza, which asked th-t the orig
inal remain unchanged. The petition was
signed by over 100 cltUcns, many of whoii
are members of the Academ ot Science,
and were also prominent In, the revolution
The petition also obreefs to the lan?ua;e
used In tho original protest as being un
warranted and unusual.
KIO to M n-a FalNand lt turn
SHI
via I'enslviiull. Hiillronil.
epeiial train cf parlor An aril day roath-i
will leae Mxlli Street. Wation S 00 m , .'ill
F TltVt bockI inr t i dj. ao t.!o
.er at 11 ilTalo, l..i0.reter, inai..aigiu slid
Ualkiiu, reluming wltlmi lb'"'- '"St "cu-suu
vu,rust Iff.
TERROR AT GLHTBLABD
City Under jlartial Law and (lie
Community Greatly Eicited.
MrlkerH Ihjiiic a Statement Jostlf
IliK Molent Method The Life of
J'reIdcnt Ilverett, of the IJIfl Con
Holidatcil lload. Threatened Mil
itia Armeil nnil Head for Action.
Cleveland, Ohio, July 22. This city Is
under martial law tonight and the entire
community is on tho tip-tee of expectancy
for violent developments. The strikers Is
sued a statement today Justifying violent
methods in dealing with the forces that
aro arraed against them, and from threats
made by individual strikers, a state ot ter
ror Is anticipated. Threats ot personal
violence were made to President Henry
Everett and other officials of the Big Con
solidated today. President Everett was
warned that his residence was to be blown
up. Tho strikers are frenzied beyond de
scription because the company has secured
men enough to operate Its cars during the
day time and has refused to recognize the
union.
The situation appeared so gravo this af
ternoon, that Mayor- Farley calleJ out the
Fifth Regiment of the National Guard,
which saw camp service In the Spanish
war, and the three Cleveland troops ot the
First Ohio Cavalry. With the Naval Re
STves, who were called out yesterday, the
'orce of military now on duty comprises
C'O men. The Naval Reserves have 110
msn, tho four Cleveland companies of the
Fifth, 300 men, and the cavalry, ISO men
mounted.
The police on duty tonight comprise 200
men. Ma or Farley took personal com
mand of the military and police forces. At
6 o'clock this evening the mayor proceeded
to the office of the director of police and
assigned the various commands to stations.
"I want you to understand," said be, "that
your duty is to protect property and life.
You are on guard duty and must use good
Judgment. Your men are armed with rifles,
and are to use them If necessary. The
good order of this city must be preserved.
Undue violence must not be used, and
you are only to use bajonets and rifles
when it becomes absolutely necessary in
order to protect life and property." Forty
rounds of ammunition were issued to each
man.
At 9:30 o'clock the first trouble occurred.
A Cedar Avenue car was held up near Caso
Avenue, and the windows smashed. Po
liceman Harry Fisher, who was on the
car, fired into thevcrowd and hit Tred
Snider, the bullet going through the arm.
Snider was taken to the central police sta
tion. Tor nearly an hour the cars were
stalled in Cedar Avenue. Almost simul
taneously a riot occurred in another part of
the cit. A mob held up a car at Wilson
and Lexington Avenues and smashed its
windows. A policeman shot into the
crowd and it scattered.
At 10 o'clock" two Broadway cars, ac
companied by forty cavalrymen, rt,arted
from the Miles Avenue barns to go down
town through the most dangerous part of
the city. At the Broadway market house
several hundredgreeted the car and caval
rymen with ashawer of rotten egg3 and
vegetables Some shots were fired but
did no damage. . The cars passed but
crowds continued to gather and they
promise to prevent their passage.
The Big Consolidated this morning placed
In operation all Its lines except the Union
Street line. While none of them had full
complements ot cars, the operation was
moderately regular on some of the lines.
A gang of forty men arrived at tho Lake
view barns last night from Pittsburg. The
huge iron spool used to carry conduit
wires was left on the tracks, and It toofi
eight men to man It The obstructionists
were busy all night and few. If any, lines
escaped. Wires were cut at a number of
points.
Tblrty-fivo more non-union men arrived
from Chicago today. They were largely
men who have recently been discharged
from the Army and found themselves out of
Jobs.
A westbound car on Euclid Avenue was
fired upon from the. bushes cast of Lake
View Cemetery at 10.30 o'clock tonight,
several bullets striking the car. No one
was injured. Two cars, accompanied by
forty cavalrymen, were stopped by ob
structions at Canton Street and Broadway
at 11 p. m When the troopers started to
remove tho obstructions .they were at
tacked by a mob of 300 with rocks and
club3 The non-union conductor and mo
torman fired seven shots into the crowd.
Several windows In adjoining buildings
were broken. Three persons are reported
shot.
The police had a battle with a mob at the
Holmden Avenue barns before midnight
A score of men were clubbed and thirteen
were arrested Tha battle at the Holmdn
Avenue barn lasted two hours, from 9.30
to 11 30 p m. The military and police
were very lenient, tho former not using
their guns and tho latter their clubs only
sparingly. Dynamite was placed on Eu
clid Avenue tracks at Cass Avenue, but it
was discovered in time.
NEW YORK NEWSBOYS' STRIKE.
The I relilni C.'lHiili AiriireKxIv and
the Poliee Av ntt llful.
New York. July 22. The striking news
bos still hold out, and their tactics have
become so aggressive up town and down
town as to attract the close attention of
police captains of the different precincts
Tho newsbovs today declare that their
ranks are swelling every hour the strike
continues.
"We's got de fresh guys on de wagons
seared now." said "Kid" Blink, "an' de
man'gers can't find no one to cirkelate de
papers Say, we's winnin' easy. We's"
pointing with his thumb over his shoulder
at his gang behind him "de kids, de
bosses said, couldn't get de strike on no
morn 'n wo could tie knots in a. pall of
water!"
Scenes of disorder were not so frequent
about Printing House Square todaj. There
vere parades, however, and oceasionall a
good deal of noise. It was hard to buy one
of the tabooed papers the Evening World
and Journal In thl3 locality, but it was
an easy matter up town. Last night the
boys ran riot, and several were arrested.
sponKed, and set free
Several strikers attacked a oungster on
Frankfort Street this morning, accusing
him of being false to the union They ,-;avi
him a severe beating with sticks and clubs.
He was rescued by a policeman and taken
to a drug store, where a few wounds on
his head and face were dresstd rmally
he was put on a Third Avenue car and
sent home The attacking strikers were
loo quiCK tor me ponce, jvs rviu iiunie
said- "De cops couldn't run fast enough."
One newsboy, who said he was twenty
one ears old, was fined $5 in Jefferson
Market Court this morning for taking part
in a disturbance at Greeley Square last
night.
t
ist' '." Iliiltlmore and lie- Kljir.
turn via leniiN lvnnln Itailrond.
Tickets en sale fc-atrrtliiv and Sundai, 7uh. 22
and J3, pood to iftiirn until Mondi. July 21.
All trailw except Congressional Limited.
I. to Hnltiiuore and Heturn in 1J.
A. O. iSnturda and tSiiadu,
July 22 ard St. gcod for return until following
j. Momlu. GV.)d on all tram except lto;al Llni
lieu
TALL BUILDINGS ROCKED.
Lom Aneelex H-cperienrCM One of Il
Henv let Kiirlh.imike Shock.
Los Angeles, CaL, July 22. The heaviest
earthquake shock experienced here for
years occurred at noon today. The vibra
tions were from north to south and lasted
fully ten seconds. Tall buildings rocked
and a heavy rumbling noise was heard
while the shock lasted. Several pieces of
stonework in the ornamental facade In
front of the city hall, on Broadway, were
dislodged and fell to the pavement. Pass
ersby had narrow escapes but no one was
Injured. No serious damage bad been
e'one so far as known,
A FATAL TRAIN WRECK.
Two I'erMnm Believed to Have Ileeu
Killed and Several Injured.
Nashville, Tenn , July 22. The Chesa
peake and Nashville train which left Galla
tin this evening for Scottsville, Ky., was
wrecked at a point seventeen miles east of
Gallatin. Two lives are believed to have
been lost, several persons received Injuries
of a serious nature, and the damage done
to the railway property is large.
The train consisted of six cars, three of
which contained freight. As a trestle was
being crossed a portion of the structure
gave way and the train fell sixty feet to
the ground. The eneine had nnimed nwr
when the cars fell, carrying the engine I
with them. There were a number of pas- ,
"bo iu uwm mo train, una most ot
them were Injured.
A Mr. Bird, whoue place of residence Is
not known, but who Is said to be a repre
sentative of a show, was pinned in the
ruins and burned to death. Charles Speak
man, a brakeman. Is missing, and it is
supposed that ho perished. A number ot
others were seriously hurt
Tho cars caught fire immediately after
going through the trestle and were destroy
ed togetner witn freight valued at several
thousand dollars.
TWO Y0US0 3IEX DROWNED.
boitH of Arthur A. Dlrney, Former
Dlntrtct Attorne).
Laurel, Del , July 22. Arthur and James
Blrney, two young men. sons of Arthur A.
BIrney, former United States District At
torney for the district of Washington,
were drowned off tho Isle of Wight
this afternoon under very pathetic circum
stances. Mrs. Blrney and her three boys
are summering at Ocean City, Md. The
threo boys went for a sail In Synpuxant
Bay. When off the Isle of Wight, Jame3'
hat blew off and in his efforts to get it
ho fell overboard and was sinking when
Arthur plunged to his assistance. He suc
ceeded in keeping the drowning brother
above the water until within two feet of
the boat, when, with a cry of anguish, both
went down.
Harry, the remaining brother, sat in the
boat crying for help. When he realized !
that bis brothers had gone down to rise
no more, he tied a hatch to a rope and sunk
It. To the other end ho fattened a piece
ot wood. He then departed for home to In
form his parents of the accident. Up to
this hour, 11 p. m , the bodies have not
been recovered. The drowning occurred
within a few feet of whero a boat was cap
sized and a family of seven drowned In
1S93,
The rows of the accident wts recelvel
by Mr. Birney at his home. 1516 Twenty
second street yesterday afternoon about
4.30. Mrs. Birney telegraphed him that an
accident had happened to one of tho boys t
and asked him to come to Ocean City at
qnce. As If b intuition Mr. Birney con
cluded that something very serious bad
happened, and telegraphed Mrs. Birney to
send him full particulars ot the accident
In a very short time Mr. Blrney received
another message from hi3 wife, acquaint
ing him with the distressing truth that
their two boys, Arthur and James, had
been drowned.
Mr. Birney Immediately prepared to go
to Ocean City, but unfortunately cojld not
make railway connection for that place
until 2 o'clock this morning. The train
on which he left took him no farther than
Baltimore, and from there he will go thi3
morning to Ocean City.
The boys w ho were drowned. Arthur and
James, were sixteen and fourteen years of
age, respectively. Arthur was a pnpil at
tho Western High School, and was con
sidered a boy of unusual attainments for
one of his age Ho took a high stand
in all his studies and was a favorite with
all his schoolmates
James, too, was a bright little fellow,
and beloved by all who knew him He
also was a pupil in the public schools.
Mrs. Birney and the children went to
Ocean City about the first of June, and took
a cottage, intending to remain there until
fall.
It Is understood that esterday morning
the three bos. Arthur, James, and Harry,
went gunning on the bas in a flat-bottomed
boat and were out of view of an
one when the accident which resulted fatal
1 to the two elder occurred
THE SMELTER STRIKE.
V I.ci ii H and Hitter I nhor AVnr Uv
peetetl in Colorado.
Denver, Col, Jul 22. The anticipated
trouble between managers and men in
connection with the resumption of bus
iness by the trust smelters Is now
on. A labor war ot huge pro
portions Is promised. Despite the fact that
the Supreme Court declared the eight-hour
law unconstitutional and tho managers ar
ranged a new scale advancing the wages
about 23 per cent all along the line, tho
smelter men's union has Isaued an ulti
matum demanding an eight-hour day and
the old scale that was paid for a ten-hour
shift. The result Is th-it the smelter com
bine and tho union are now hopelessly
apart, and a long struggle is believed to
be unavoidable. The smelter managers
intimate that they will attempt to start
up with non-union crews and reiterate that
under no circumstances will they officially
recognize the union Much ot the skilled
labor at the smelters Is union anl the man
agers confess that the will hive diffi
culty In filling the plai.es of these men
The shut-down has had a ver noticeable
effect on the bullion product and the Jul
gold and silver output will be wa below
tho average
MESSENGER BOYS RESTLESS.
Those on the New Icirk stork. H-v-ehmie
Mav strike 'tomorrow.
New York, July 22 American District
Messenger boys on tho Stock Euchange
section of tho cit have threatened to
strlko on Monda b?cauc, as the sas,
the are charged by the comranv 50 cents
a week the whole ear roand for the same
uniform, and 10 cents a week f .pll.rs
They demand, also, an Ircr.j- i 4
They are trying to make the strike general
In this borough, where about S 500 boii art
employed. The boS are paid either b
salary or message: If by salar) they get
$3.40 a week If by message, 2 cents each
and 2 1-2 cents If there is an answer Thev
demand 2 1-2 cents for each message, an
swer or not.
A
In an Informal Rice She Aaia
Outfools the Defender.
AVenther nnil AVntcr Condition
VVholtj Lnfnvnrnhle to a Content
of Merit l'lie New Hunt' snperlor
lt Full) HMtnlllUhed The l)e
fender .Mcctx "With an cclileut.
Newport, It I., July 22. Thcro was no
formal yacht race today between the big:
sloops Columbia, and Defender, bat things
happened outside the harbor ot Newport
that yachtsmen would have traveled rules
to see had they known that exciting ma
rine epl30de3 would take place. There was,
for Instance, a lively ten minutes In the
shadow of Fort Adams when the DefenJer
ran aground and for a time threatened to
do herself severe Injury. There was a spell
ot calm after which, for a wind-up, the
two yachts raced home against an Im
pending squall. With them went all the
wind in the neighborhood and by the time
the famous yachts had found their moor
ings a flat calm prevailed. It was a day
in which the skippers were not bothered by
gold-laced regatta committees or their
starting signals, guns, whistles, and stop
watches, but it was a day never to be
forgotten by those who witnessed the In
formal spin In the stretch of sea extending
from this port nearly to Point Judith.
There was a question early ths morning
whether the yachts would or would not
race. Early thU morning Hcr-sshoffs
sent down a link ot steel to replace the
broken chain under the Defender's boom,
and In a very tew- minutes the cause of the
boat's withdrawal from yesterday's contest
was as good as nsw. Mr Duncan boarded
his launch and put oft for the anchorage
of tho Columbia for the purpose of learning
the wishes ot Mr. Iselln. Ten minutes
later he returned and it was soon apparent
that, despite the slack wind.. the two yachts
would endeavor to beat oat ot the harbor
against the tide and have a set-to in tho
open. The Columbia and the Defender were
evidently billed to play to empty benches,
for not one of the big fleet of steam and
sail craft anchored In the harbor made
play to follow the big sIoop3 as they tacked
slowly around Fort Adams.
Defender In the Unit
So dead wa3 the wind that the De
fender had not got clear ot the frowning
fortress after being under sail for half an
hour. Finally, at 11.50, she put about on
the starboard tack while oil what used to
be called Fort Dumpling, on Connecticut
Island. Nearlng Fort Adam3 on this hitch
she ran close to the shore and put her
helm down to come about But hardly waj
her head straight up to the wind
when her keel stuck in the mud and the
hull became motionless. 2C0 yariU in tho
rear ot Fort Adams. At the time she
grounded she was less than fitt feet from
a frowning cliff ot rocks upon which the
long rollers from the open sea were sullen
ly breaking. The tide was against her,
and worked the boat in rather than out
The naphtha launch Aggie took a line from
the sloop. For a while the best she could
do was to hold the yacht as she lay, bat
at last she swung her bon around so that
it was pointing from the nearby shore.
Then for a while things remained in status
quo. At last the incoming tide and a fresh
breeze coming to her rescue, she slid out
of the mud into clear water. No damage
was done.
While all this was going on the Colum
bia had been hauled up, and both boats
stood out past the Brenton s Reef light
ship toward Point Judith on a long tack.
A tedious run of three-quarters of an hour
came to an end when the Defender tacked
at 1 o'clock. The Columbia immediately
followed suit. The correspondent's tug be
ing close to the Defender, was asked by
Mr Duncan to find out the wishes ot Mr.
Iselln. who requested Mr. Duncan to stand
off to the whistling buoy, off Point Judith.
The Columbia then went in stays and was
coon close to the Defender.
Oft for Their Spin.
Both boats monkeed around for a Ions
time. Thev drifted anart until a distanca
of half a mile separated them. Final y, at
1 4i the Ueienaer went acout anu crossea
the Columbia's bow. The new boat
wheeled and made after the Defender with
cased sheets. The Defender accepted the
defi, and. going in stays at 2 o'clock stool
for Point Judith Captain Ran- crossed
under the old boat's stern and came up into
the wind a hundred ards to windward.
Just at tbl3 time a good breeze sprung up,
and the Defender went o3 like a race
horse. Her rival was s'ow In getting start
ed, but when she finally gathered momen
tum she wore down the Defender. The
Columbia set the biggest Jib topsail she
had in stock. All the time tho wind was
piping up, and it loola as though the
would round the Whistling Buoy off Toint
Judith, but the sky in the northwest as
sumed so threatening an aspect that both
beats wore around The breeze at this
time was blowing a good twelve knots an
hour. This was at 2 15. Within fifteen
mlnuts the wind had doubled, and before
the boats had reached the protecting lanl
at the entrance of the harbor, both toati
had deemed it wise to shorten sail.
Columbia Gains.
When the race again3t the squall began
the Defender had the lead b half a fur
long. The Columbia had gained In the
brush nearly half a mile in a four-mile
run. They squared away from home with
the new boat to the windward by a hundred
ards, and a pretty piece of sailing It was.
As the wind Increased the yachts heeled
more and more. In a rushing, slashlns
race tne Columbia overhauled the DJfender
and passed her. The elements looked dark
and angry and things seemed almost at a
snapping point a3 the yachts heeled and
tore through the water Both shortened
all, but the Columbia's sailors worked-slow-
and by the time the Columbia bail
squared away ag-iin there was a difference
ot nearl a mile between them While tbey
had full sail up and the breeze lasted tho
new boat had shown herself to be the
faster, but when the gaff topsails were
taken in the racers wsre about entering
the harbor and there was no further
.h.n.. Ar .AmnflHnp thMr merits. Still.
on "every point of sailing and In every kin I
of wind during the past two diys the Co
lumbia has proved her superiority over tho
Defender The Defender has reached her
limit, but the Columbia with now sails,
bard rigging, and a green but wllliJS crew,
has beaten her every time and will con
tinue to do so ever time they meet The
wind came down almost to a flat calm be
fore the two boats had come to anchor.
There will be no race tomorrow and wlta
the exception cf Informal spin like today
the boats will not come together lu & reg
ular race until net Saturda. when the
Newport Yacht Racing Association will
grasp the reins again.
II. .v. O. "t.l to Frederick. Ilacern
tovvu rod Winchester
Dr Fpetlal tra n I aiinjr Wajtiinjlon 7 a m.,
Jul 23 tWiptm; at tut-mediat-" station. He
turning, leave lia?ersinvn and WiiKheiter at T
and ereilerkk 7 Jj p in. lane da.
SL'orl Contrrct.
Jam; F Koe lun I m award I t c contract
for turnlih lis i-ual ! the Hnnsi of lleinesenta
tives, luliicgUn, Navy aid, and Naval Museum
of Higicne. .- -

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