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THE TIMES, WASHIKfiTp, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1899.
ivxi& qiomnyg. citkikg. aad sundavo THE TIMES COMPANY. . WAWEIl SlfLSOK IHTTCHIN'S, Pittldeat 1 Publication Office. rar. uutckins buildikg, Ccmcr Teeth and D Strteti Northwest fccnsciupnoN bates: Hoclhly fry Canter; . Morning, F,enlsg. and Sunday Fifty Cents Vforninc and Sunosr.. Thirty-five Cent Evening tsii Sunday Thirty-five Cents By MaIJ: One Tew. &erclr.c Evening, and Sunday... t CO Six Ucnifai, Horning. Evenisg, and Sunday.. 8 TO Three Mootua, Momlag. Evening, and Sunday 1 5 One Ter. Mornlns and Sunday Six Hontha. Mem! a- and Sunday Three Uoftiia, H-mlcar and Sunday t Oae Trsr. E-rsIcv "Q Sunday J J fits Ifontlic. E.eilug and Sunday Three Ursth. Evelina: and Sunday " IteidaT only. 0 Tear J , Order." fc nU must be accompanied by suu ciipUca price. ... Tt,nML Tutorial Rooms If? M JBcsinets Office " IBat,e" (CtrcUUon Department 3 CIRCULATION STATEMENT. The fcJrcuiatica of The Times lor the week end ed September 30. 1899, was as follows: 8unday. September 2i Mf5J Monday. Septcicbcr 75 . Tuesday, September 26 '?i! Wednesday. September 27 VSn Thursday. September 2S ' i5 Fridny. September 29 J Saturday, .September 30 "" Tout - S3.801 Daily avetage (Sunday. 20,691. excepted).. 2.051 The Advertisers' Guarantee Company, of Chi cago, hereby certifies that it has, by its expert examiners, proven and attested the circulation oi THE -TUiES, of Washington. D. C. The daily average FA3D circulation for the month o Aupruit, 1B39 was 40.C91 copies. . . . This U GUARANTEED to the advertisers of the country by s ond of $50,000 in the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, deposited with the Northwestern National-Hank, of Chicago. ADVERTISERS' GUARANTEE COMPANY, By J. R. MASOK. President THE TIMES, in all lis editions. Morning, Even ing, andftindaj'. will be mailed to one address for FIFTT CENTS per month. Addresses changed u often as desired. Communications intended for publication in THE TIMES must be tersely and plainly written, and must in all cases be accompanied by the name and eddress of the writer. Rejected com munications will not be preserved, and only man uscripts of otrrfcus Importance will be returned to their auth'irs. Readers of THE TIMES who may fit any time be unable to procure copies of it st any news stand or railroad station,, or on railroad trains, will confer u favor upon the management by tending to this office information of the fact. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1E99. Squaring: the Circle. President McKInley, attended by his Cabinet, has started on a political stump ing; tour through Ohio and the West. Such a movement on the part of an American Chief Magistrate has but one, and that a rather mortifying, precedent- Andrew Johnson, "who entered the Executive Man sion as a result of thexrlme of John Wilkes Booth, indulged In a like impropriety, and, in order to advocate his personal policy before the masses a policy bitterly op posed by a two-thirds majority of his own party in both houses of Congress effected his pyrotechnic and ridiculous "swing around the circle." The indignity of the performance was so palpable that no President from Johnson down to McKInley would -or could have been guilty of repeating it Knowing as -we do the excellence of our Chief Magis trate's impulses, we are compelled to con clude that the pituatlon In Ohio, from an Administration and Republican viewpoint, must be desperate indeed to cause him to throw convention and decorum to the winds. In order to press the weight of his personality and high office Into the scales of the campaign in his home State. It Is not upon the basis of a mere sur mise that we are convinced of the serious ness of the situation In Ohio, as it Is un doubtedly viewed by the President and Mr. Hanna. Their intimates and managers In the Buckeye Commonwealth have sound ed a wild note of alarm in a circular letter addressed to postmasters and other Federal officeholders throughout the Union. It is In the form of an appeal for contributions to a corruption fund, issued by the finance committee of the Ohio Republican State "Committee, the following local statesmen being the members: J. B. Zerbe, Chair man; W. F. Burdell, Treasurer; Julius "Whiting, jr., Charles P. Taft, and Noah H. Swayne. The letter reads: Dear Sir: A Democratic victory In Ohio this fall would cany with it almost full control of the political machinery of the State, thus enabling the opposition to entrench Itself for the Presi dential campaign of 1900. A special session of the Legislature, called by a Democratic Governor, would redistrict the State for Congressional purposes under the apportion ment of 1KO, thereby reducing the Republican representation from ihis State in the lower house of" Congress, and, perhaps, endangering our ma jority In that body. These facts, it seems to us, will forcibly appeal to every Republican. We hope you 'will be willing to contribute to the 'legitimate expenses of the State committee, in its efforts io maintain Republican supremacy. In this connection we deisire to call your attention to '"an act to regulate and improve the civil service of the United States," approved January IB. lfc6S, as well as the rules promulgated by the President thereunder. For the benfit of those who have not the law at Land, we cnclotc here with an extract therefrom, embodying paragraphs t.ind 6 cf section .2; and sections 11 to 15 In clusive; also sections 1, 2, and 3of rule 2 of the Civil Sen-ice Commission, which bear specifically en the question of political assessments. You will objone that the law while not pro hibiting officer and employes from making vol untary contributions for political purposes, pro vides that such contributions shall not be made to any Federal officer or employe, or to anyone within a Federal building or establishment. For this reason, and to avoid violating any of the provisions of the law, the committee in charge of the financial branch of the campaign work i made up of persons in no wise connected with the Federal service. The members of this committee arc acting on their own responsibility, and no one connected with the Federal service Is in any way concerned, directly or indirectly, In sending this circular to Federal officers and employes. In sending us a contribution, you will in no way violate any provision of the civil service law. We are aking for loluniary contri butions to assist in defraying the proper and lawful expenses of the campaign, and we will be responsible for the proper distribution of any funds which may be entrusted to us. On account, therefore, of the important bearing the result In Ohio thi year will have upon t!e greater contest of 1&00, and because of the fact that the defeat of his party in the Presi dent's home State would be heralded by the op position as a rebuke to his Administration, we Lope you will aid ua in this contest by sending liberal a contribution as you can afford. Please send remittances or make checks payable to the undersigned, who will acknowledge the tame. Very respectfully W. F. BURDELL, Treasurer. Mr. McKInley might readily disavow all responsibility for this direct demand upon Government officeholders all over the United States, that they violate the law which they are sworn to obey and go down In their pockets for money with which to buy the venal floating vote of Ohk; but, as the President's political con science is the property of Mark A. Hanna, ad the circular In question could have been tamed without that gentleman's consent &si cadorseaaeat, the country at large per ienae will aacept It as only another Ex ecutive step In the direction of a return to the old corrupt political spoils system. With all the money Hanna or his friends fSFbt s have made out of Spanish war contracts in coal, wood, and sundries, there certainly should be a sufficiency of available Repub lican money In Ohio to pay the "legiti mate" expenses of a local campaign. Hanna, himself, may be penurious, but ho has ways to extract saccharine matter from trusts, and should not be in need of out side help to pay for printing, stationery, postage stamps, and the services of as many orators as may be required even in an emergency. The appeal of the Ohio State committee will strike the average American voter as evidence that, in the opinion of the Ad ministration, not only the election of Judge I Nash as Governor, but the general result In 1900. Is Jeopardized and that, regardless of cost, the "President's home Stato" must be bought up in November. It is tanta mount to a confession that the party is in a bad way everywhere. In view of the Hanna-McKinley panic which induces the manipulators of the combination to insist that public servants shall commit moral if not technical crime; and which Is sending the Chief of State and his official family all over the Western States like a party of hired spell binders; the question naturally suggests itself: What are the real chances for Re publican success In the States that hold elections this autumn? It is too early to answer It with safety. We can say this, however, and with the most positive conviction. If the Demo cratic leaders In Maryland, Ohio, and Ne braska had possessed the ordinary com mon sense to leave the expansion question alone, their opponents would be as cer tainly snowed under as the sun is certain to rise tomorrow. Dewey's Task. A very considerable number of Ameri can newspapers seem to think that Sir. McKInley has tied Admiral Dewey to his chariot wheel, by the simple process of making the victor of Manila, to all Intents and purposes, his principal Secretary of State for the Colonies. It -does not strike us as necessary that anyone should worry over the prospect of an eclipse, partial or total, for Admiral Dewey. He is not In a position to be easily snuffed out. He will do about as he pleases, think and say what suits him, and the Administration will probably take his advice and be glad to get It In any event, Mr. McKInley will not offend the one man In America who can have the Presidency at less trouble than the asking for it If, as some of our contemporaries conjec ture, tho whole Philippine problem is to be turned over to Dewey, that will practi cally take the question of our policy and programme over there entirely out of pol itics. If there is any one thing the Amer ican people would delight to hear, It would be an announcement from the White House that the whole business of expansion and colonial government had been turned over to the Admiral as a commission of one, and with no possibility of appeal from his de cisions. Under such an arrangement Otis, Denby, and the smugglers, looters, and thieves would disappear like Sampson on the eve of a battle. President McKInley really could not do a wiser or more popular thing than to sub let his Philippine contract to George Dewey. The Truth About the Boers, The "New York World" has been enter prising enough to start a movement of long-range philanthropy and hysteria in behalf of the poor afflicted Boers, and, at much cost, has apparently secured from several well-known citizens of the United States, telegraphic endorsements of a petition addressed to President McKInley, urging him to mediate between Great Brit ain and the two South African republics. This scheme, like all of its kind, appeals strongly to a class of Americans who, In utter Ignorance of what they are doing, howl dismally whenever the idea of exact ing justice or decency from any little dic tatorship or oligarchy which may happen to be labeled "republic" is suggested. It is to this hysterico-phllanthroplc class that the "World" directs its efforts to promote a scheme of national Interference In a matter in connection with which, if we have any duty, it is to give the fullest moral support to England, as the defender of modern civilization and human liberty In South Africa. With a heavy shower of bathos, the "World" says: "It is already clear that America earnestly desires President Mc KInley to make In its name an effort to prevent the wiping out of two of our sister republics." Of course, it Is unnecessary to remind a constituency of Intelligent reader! that "America" does not desire anything of the kind, or that outside of perhaps a few un-American and chronically obstructive newspapers, any pretence of such a senti ment has ever been made. As an excuse for this "popular" move ment to embarrass the American "President and the British Government, the utterly senseless argument is advanced that the in terference proposed is within the purview of the plan of arbitration formulated by The Hague Peace Conference. The "World" quotes as follows: Articles 2 and 3 of this plan say: "The signatory powers decide that in cases of serious difference or conflict they will, before ap pealing to arms, have recourse, so far as circum stances permit, to the good offices or mediation of one or several friendly powers. "The right of offering their good of fices belongs to powers not connected with the conflict, even during the course of hostilities, which act can never be regarded as an unfriendly act." Article 9 of the plan says: "In international disputes involving neither a country's honor nor essential Interests, and aris ing from a divergence of opinion on points of fact, the signatory powers deem it advisable that parties unable to agree through diplomatic means shall institute, as far as circumstances will per mit, an international enquiry, whose duty it shall be to facilitate the solution of these disputes by clearing up questions of fact by means of im partial, conscientious examination." "Thus the plan adopted by the Peace Congress makes It the right and the duty of President McKInley to offer the friendly services of this nation." It does to the same extent that it would Justify Mr. Mc KInley In Interfering between the Mahara jah of Delhi, the Khedive of Egypt, or the Khalifa of the Soudan, and the British Government, and no more. The distin guished statesmen, diplomatists, and pub licists who constituted the membership of The Hague Conference, were certainly not silly enough deliberately to open the door for foreign Intermeddling between sover eign or suzerain states and their depend encies, and their conclusions and dicta, too obviously to require discussion, can be ap plied, only to relations between full-fledged International states. So much for the law and fact. Let us enquire Into the alleged grounds for the sympathy we are solicited to feel for our dear republican friends, the Dutch In South Africa. In the first place, they do not happen to bo the honest, God-fearing, virtuous, and amiable people their friends In this coun try would have us consider them. On the contrary, they form the most Ignorant, bigoted, fanatical, cruel, brutal, and gen erally uncivilized body of Caucasians on the face of the earth today. They left Cape Colony not because their own liber ties were restricted, but because England sternly told them that they should no lon ger hold the Kaffirs In slavery. It was to enjoy the divine right to own, work, lash, and murder their fellow-men that these "sister republicans" founded the Transvaal State. They have a very ardent Christian faith, which "includes the doctrine that black men are without souls, and, hence, are intended only to be beasts of burden for the Boers. In Cape Colony and Natal people of Dutch extraction called Afrikanders have ex actly the same rights, privileges, and im munities that are accorded to the British inhabitants. In the South African Repub lic only the Boers have rights of any tan gible kind. The Outlanders, including four thousand American citizens, are not allowed any voice In the government of the state, although they outnumber their Dutch neighbors. They are not even per mitted the least share in the municipal government of the city of Johannesburg, which they own and inhabft, to the prac tical exclusion of all other elements of population. They are denied the right to carry or own firearms. They are without the chance of Justice before the courts, which .are absolutely the creatures cf tho legislature at Pretoria, which changes any law it pleases in an hour.' In this connection it will be remembered that, In 1S97, President Kruger, by execu tive order, suspended the Transvaal Su preme Court, because It refused to take the mining property and plant of an Ameri can citizen away from him. These Out landers, English and American, own three fourths in value of all the property in tho country and pay evenrtenths of its reve nues. In addition to this they are looted and robbed through the "'dynamite and other monopolies, which have made Kruger fworth twenty-five million dollars, and his family and immediate friends also enormously rich. It is highly edifying to note that the sympathizers who exploit themselves In support of these Interesting slave-drivers, oppressors, and thieves, conspicuously in clude certain Americans who are well remembered as people who could not be tortured into any expression of horror or even objection when the butcher Wey ler was bisecting Cuban babies before the eyes of their shrieking mothers, and who vehemently asserted that the hell of Spain In the Antilles was no concern of ours. The names of George F. Edmunds, J. Sterling Morton, T. De Witt Talmage, and others will not fail to awaken recol lections of that sort Edmunds knows that the proposed petition is nonsense from the viewpoint of international law. It is like his intellectual sinuosity to ap prove of it Spain did ' not have a more vigorous apologist nor Cuba a more con temptuous enemy .than Morton before the Spanish war. Talmage wept for Greece, and solicited aid for that king dom, but declined to say a word for the reconcentrados who were dying daily by thousands under the starvation order of Spain's diabolical Captain General. Now the lot" of them burst into tears because England says that the common human rights of English and American residents must and shall be respected and observed by the Boers in South Africa. Our sympathy goes out to the oppressed but normally blood drinking militia of Canada, The provincial government would not permit the Toronto Highlanders to In vade New York for the Dewey parade. Now Sir Wilfrid Laurier decrees that the martial spirit of the colony shall be crushed again. No Canuck regiment Is to become easy marks for the Mauser rifles of the Boers. It is very uncomfortaole to be a provincial unless one happens to get office. The probable occupation today of Ma juba Hill by the Boers, and the simulta neous evacuation of New Castle by Major General Symons, offer an illustration of the conditions on the Natal frontier. The British are too weak to attack. By the time they get strong enough, their enemy will be so well fortified that offensive operations will be necessarily ardupus and bloody. Mr. Chamberlain has had years In which" to prepare for a struggle which, all along, he and his colleagues have known to be Inevitable. Why have they delayed? Hundreds of soldier lives will be sacrificed as a consequence of their unreadiness! Chaplain McQueen relates a story which shows how the spirit of enterprise is in tho very air breathed by Otis. He says that he learned from the books of the Red Cross Society in California how two pro gressive young Americans, one a volun teer officer and the other a Red Cross agent, stole the supplies of the society, sold them, and went into business in Ma nila with" the proceeds. They are now among, the most prosperous,and respected merchants of the Philippine capital In the smuggling line. We are pleased to know that the White House Blue Room has been completely renovated, redecorated, and disinfected. The Indications are that it will be in great demand early in November. "WlioVcre II In I'artnersT (From the Chicago Journal.) A few weeks ago Obcrlin M. Carter was said to have declared he would not go to jail alone. He meant he would have company in his misery, and it would be the same company he had in his crime. Nothing can be more Just. A con spirator should never be permitted to suffer alone. The Carter case has attracted wide Attention in this country because of a certain sinister aspect it bore, aside from the aspect of simple stealing. The people were the sufferers through the mis appropriation of Government money. But they seemed also to le the sufferers in another way. The ring of conspirators appeared to have friends in high places who were ready to protect them from punishment for their crimes. The long de lay in the execution of the sentence, the unusual and apparently excessive precautions against the possibility of mistake, and the prominence, po litically, of at least one man interested in the prisoner, lent strength to the general fear that political corruption of a peculiarly offensive char acter was involved in the Carter case. No Room for Dlxcuanton. (From the Indianapolis News.) We are willing to debate with any man the question of the future government of the Philip pines. Tiiat is a subject on which men may differ. But we cannot see that there is any room for difference or debate on the question of enforc ing on the rebellious Tagals the acknowledg ment of our authority, and of the obligation on our part to present to the world a peaceful gov ernment in the Philippines. The political party that should draw back or oppose this would meet the overwhelming condemnation of the American people. 9 The Effect on Iliinnn. (From the Cincinnati Enquirer.) Whether the talk about Dewey for President Is serious or not, it is worth more than the space it occupies to see the cold shivers run down Mark Uanna's bck whenever the Admiral's name is mentioned. Mr. Hanna thinks that Mr. Mc KInley is the only man who ought to be con sidered in the Presidential connection. Under the blinding effect of his arrogance he is not able to see that he Is hurting McKinley's chances every day. THE PL00K IN OHIO. Iterrcncntntv"e Norton FlgrnrcM Ont 3IcLeni'H Plurality. Representative Norton, Congressman from the Thirteenth Ohio district, talked interestingly about the political situation in tho Buckeye State to a Times reporter last night. Hexpressed the belief that John R. Mcrieni jvould be elected Gover nor In November! hnd gave definite reasons for his opinions. Mr. Norton Is one of the leading Democratic managers in the State, and stands as close to Mr. McLean as does any other politician in Ohio. It was he who placed the Cincinnati editor's name in nomination before the Zanesville conven tion. His knowledge of the political situ ation is Intimate, and he talked with Tho Times man candidly and unreservedly. "The present campaign in Ohio is sim ple enough to be understood by everyone," said he. "The election will be purely a question of mathematics. The State is normally Republican by about 25,000 l.lu rallty. By that, I mean that when the full voting strength of each party is polled, and thefe is no possible friction anywhere, our friends, the Republicans, usually elect their candidates by from 20,000 to 30,000. I have reason to believe that that plu rality will not only be wiped out this fall, but that John It. McLean will be elected by a substantial margin. I base that opin ion upon the following reasons: First be cause of the unity of purpose among Democrats; second, because of the wide spread dissensions among Republicans; and, third, because of the general dissat isfaction of the people with many features of the McKInley Administration. "Now, for all the opposition may say to the contrary, it is a fact that Ohio Demo crats are this year harmonious and ani mated by an earnest desire to elect their candidates. There is no serious difficulty anywhere. The supposed hostility of cer tain Democratic factions has failed to ma terialize, and I have no doubt that before the end of the campaign it will die out en tirely. The rank and file of the party are lining up enthusiastically in support of John R. McLean. He has touched the pop ular impulse throughout the State, and rallied Democrats everywhere to his stand ard. There has not been within my recol lection any campaign, except in a Presi dential year, when Democrats in Ohio were more astir or more active or more deter mined than they arc this fall. Wherever you go, from Cleveland to Cincinnati, or from Toledo to Dayton, you will find evi dences that the great hosts of Democratic voters are united in support of the Demo cratic ticket "Republicans, on the other hand, are be tween the devil and the deep sea. Conceal it as they may try to do, It is a fact that there are no fewer than 50,000 followers of that party who will not vote for Judge Nash. I am not criticising Judge Nash on personal grounds. He Is an elegant gentle man, a high-toned man, and as honest as the sun. But as a candidate for public of fice he has heenindiBcreet and unwise. If he had sat up nights trying to contrive how he could stir uptimutiny In the Republican party he could not have succeeded better. His attitude toward Governor Bushnell Is absolutely uncalled for, and wholly un just. He practically, on two oscasions, courted an opportunity to insult Governor Bushnell. There was no reason for his conduct Governor Bushnell is a clean, fina man, and his administration, from a Re publican point of view, has been accepta ble. Judge Nash gratuitously declared war on Governor Bushnell, and in such a way that the Governor could not now be recon ciled even If he wished to be. But he doesn't wish, tc'oe. He and his friends have accepted, the challenge. The upshot of it will be that' Bushnell will deflect from Nash at least 15$00 votes. "In regard to the dissatisfaction with the McKInley Administration, you have only to' talk? with Ohio men to -get the feeling there. In spite of the glorjous victories of Manila and Santiago there is a. widespread sentiment throughout the State that the Republicans have blundered and floundered and managed to put this country in a deplorable position in the Philippines. You may call it anti-imperialism or anti-expansion. Our people are not in love with it and especially are they opposed to the manner in which this Republican Admin istration Is carrying on the war. I do not think I exaggerate when I say that that dissatisfaction will result in keeping at least 20,000 indifferent or apathetic Re publican voters at home. In addition to this defection, 5,000 Republicans will vote for McLean on account of personal con siderations. "So thero it Is. Bushnell's following of 15,000, the anti-Administration Republi cans numbering 20,000, and 5,000 personal adherents of McLean. That makes a total reduction of 40,000 in the Republican vote. When I put it at 40,000 I am estimating conservatively. I might go on with de tails and say that Hamilton county will go for McLean; that the situation in Cuya hoga county is bad for the Republicans; that 'Golden Rule' Jones is petering out and other things which everyone knows. I might even point to the warm, brotherly affection with which Senator Foraker's friends regard the Hanna-DIck regime, but that also is no secret I might add that Mr. Hanna's home-coming has not had the effect of promoting hilarious harmony among Republicans in Cleveland. But all those incidents are only sidelights to the situation. The truth of the whole matter, is that tho Democrats are bound together with hooks of steel, while the Republicans are split up Into half a dozen factions. Our candidate, McLean, is a brave, honest, generous man. He is one of the people, has shown his sympathy with their needs a thousand times and in a thousand ways, and he will. In my opinion, be the next Governor of Ohio." THE DISMAL SWAMP CANAL. The Improved Wnterway About to Be 'Formally Opened. BALTIMORE, Oct 5. The old Dismal Swamp Canal, rehabilitated and enlarged to meet all the requirements of modern traffic, will be formally opend at a water way on Saturday, October 14. President Walter B. Brooks, Jr., of the Lake Drum mond Canal and Water Company, which has acquired the privileges and franchises of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, has Issued invitations to the leading merchants and financiers of Baltimore to witness the ceremonies incidental to the inauguration of this new" inland waterway. There will also be delegations present from Norfolk, Newport Nws, and other Southern cities. The United States Government will send a torpedo ba through the canal on the opening day. The work of rehabilitating the Dismal Swamp Canal was undertaken and carried out by Baltimoreans. ,A Bihle 'PruMt. (From the Charleston News and Courier.) It is interesting to learn that a cut-rate war now being waged among publishers of the Holy Scriptures threatens to terminate in a Bihle trust. Certain dogmatic declarations on the part of one and another uf the' existing religious denomina tions have sometimes led us to ielieve that each of them was confident that it had a monopoly of the truth as it is set forth in the pages of the Holy Hook, but we had not anticipated that an effort would be made in any quarter to corner the outward and visible form of the Word of God, Since the late Mr. Lptlier began his mem orable agitation In favor of disseminating the Scriptures as widely as possible among the com mon people, efforts to control the publishing of the Bible have been avoided for the mast part by persons who valued their peace of mind and good name. The Offence of Car Conductors. (From the New York Tribune.) The order isM-ed to the employes of the Long Island Bailroad not to take hold of a pas.-cnger except where necessary to avoid accident or when a child or infirm person is evidently in need of assistance is one that ought to be issued by all our local traction lines. The street ear conductor's habit of grabbing women by the arm, clutching them by the shoulder, pushing them in the back, and picking them up bodily, is decidedly offensive to them, and is in most cages utterly inexcusable. But it is annoyingly prevalent. REST FOR THE ADMIRAL. Devrey SiicnuM a. lutet Day anil Re ceives Callers. Admiral Dewey enjoyed himself last evening by remaining quietly at home with the members of his staff and receiving one or two personal friends who tailed. Just before dinner Brigadier General Hey wood. of the Marine Corps, with the mem bers of his staff, called to pay their re spects. They spent about thirty minutes with the Admiral. The morning hours of yesterday were spent by the Admiral in taking a walk and calling at the Metropoli tan Club. Another walk in the afternoon filled out the day's programme. Though the excitement his presence in Washington created ha3 about died out, the Admiral is still being presented with gifts by his admirers. Yesterday he re ceived a very handsome cane from Herman Barghausen, of Washington. It Is made from a piece of mahogany brought from Cuba by August G. and John F. Barg hausen, sons of the donor, who served with the First District of Columbia Regiment The cane has a solid gold handle, on which are carved a dozen microscopic likenesses, one of the Admiral, one of tho President and Vice President, and others of promi nent naval officers who took part in the Spanish war. U. S. J. Dunbar, also of Washington, has offered to Treasurer Roberts a bronze bust of the Admiral to adorn the new home to be purchased for Dewey. Lieutenant Brumby, ' when seen last night, said tfiat the Admiral was greatly enjoying his quiet stay in Washington. He expects to call on the Acting Secretary of the Navy at 11 o'clock this morning. There are no plans for the rest of the Admiral's visit In Washington. The call on Secretary Allen will be for the purpose of .meeting members, of the committee which has in charge the fund for buying the Admiral a home. The committee has over $50,000 on hand, and expects about $5,000 to be added to this sum. When he meets the committee it is expected that it will be definitely decided whether a house will be. bought or one built to suit the Admiral's taste. Lieutenant Brumby said he thought the Admiral would not visit Princeton. N. J., as has been stated, but that after "his visit to Vermont he would return to Washington and begin work in connection with the Philippine Commis sion. Though the Admiral and his aides Lieutenant Brumby and Ensign Caldwell have really been detached from the Ol'ym pla for the past week, the official order to that effect was only just posted at the Navy Department yesterday. BAY STATE REPUBLICANS. The Platform Will Endorse the Ad ministration's Philippine Policy. BOSTON, Oct 5. So far as can be learned the platform to be adopted at tho Republican convention tomorrow will be a hearty endorsement of the policy oi the Administration in the Philippines. It will be a platform thoroughly satisfactory to the Senator Lodge faction, but it is under stood that it will make no direct attack, upon Senator Hoar, and that It will be so drawn as to eliminate factional feeling as far as possible. The committee on resolutions held a pro tracted session this afternoon, and it is understood it was in the main harmonious. With the exception of the offices of Treas urer and Auditor, the ticket to be chosen tomorrow, and, In fact, the entire pro gramme for the day, has been agreed upon. Col. Melvin O. Adams will be chairman of the convention. W. Murray Crane will be nominated for Governor; John L. Bate3 for Lieutenant Governor, H. L. Knowlton for Attorney General, and William M. Olin for Secretary of State, all by acclamation. There ore two candidates In the field for Auditor Gen. John W. Kimball, of Fitch burg, who has held the office since 1891, and Hon. Henry Turner, of Maiden. Both men claim it tonight, and it would be hard to pick the winner. There are four men in the field for the Treasurershlp William E. Neall, of Lynn; Hon. Edward S. Bradford, of Springfield; John W. Whipple, of Broakton, and George T. Sleeper, of Wlnthrop. At a late hour tonight it looks as it the chances were about In the same order as that in which their names are given above, though so many of the delegates are unpledged that the aspect of the situation is likely to change materially before the ballot is taken in the convention. A SUIT AGAINST MEXICO. A New Yorlc Man to Prosecute an Old Claim. NEW YORK, Oct 5. Summons and complaint were filed this morning in the county clerk's office, in a suit brought by James C. Jewitt, the surviving partner of the firm of James C. Jewitt &. Co., for merly of ' 27 William Street, to recover $5G6,221.C6 and Interest from May 1, 1860, for breach of contract, from the United States of Mexico. According to the papers in tho case, Jewitt & Co. entered into a contract with the Mexican Government, in 1859, when the country was In a state of revolution, to send ships to the relief of famine stricken persons in Vera Cruz. The con sideration was to be, it Is alleged, 2,500 tons of scrap Iron then In that city. Nine ships were fitted out Including one in volved in the present action, the Wave, and proceeded to Vera Cruz, where the United States cruiser Saratoga was lying. The Wave was impressed to chase and capture two insurgent cruisers. When the revolution was at an end the firm at tempted to collect, but failed. The Gov ernment had disposed of all but 200 tons of the iron to other persons. As soon as the authority of the Govern ment was re-established a contract was en tered into with the Jewitts, whereby the firm Avas to receive 10 per cent of the customs of Vera Cruz until the debt and interest were paid. At the outbreak of the Civil War the payments on the debt were discontinued, and no more money has been received up to the present time. Action is now brought to recover on propertv held by the Mexican Government In this "state, the nature of which Is not revealed in the complaint The Hot Springs rtcner-rntlon. The Superintendent of the Hot Springs Reservation has submitted his annual re port, in which he says visitors to the springs have greatly increased in number. The receipts for the past year from baths were $13,066.40, and the total number of baths, 556,265. The Purls Tribunal Award. (From the Ilroklyn Eagle.) We are free to say that we are glad a larger portion of South America than waj expected lias been declarcvl to be British possesion, with out violation of the suhUance and in harmony with the spirit of the Monroe doctrine. British possession is better than Venezuelan possession for soil or men. V.vn nor. just what is the Gov emmen.t of Venezuela is unknown to other na tions. The Venezuelan fiovernment vthieh ap pointed arbitrators and lawyers to the lim tribunal has been overthrown by revolution, with in a month. The new Governme-nt will doubt less confirm the action of the one which it wiped out in blood, but frequent revolutions attest the instability and well nigh the barbarism of Ven ezuelan institutions and make any people there, decreed to be under British control, proper sub jects for the congratulation of mankind. The Stubborn Boer. (Trom the Xa-hville Banner.) The demand of Great Britain is that the Boers do away withJhc dynamite monopoly and amend their lawsfso that five years' residence of a person intending" to rtmain a citizen will entitle liim to the rights and suffrages of citizenship. The demand is entirely just and fully in kccohI with the principles of popular liberty which all Anglo-Saxon pe pie proles. England claims the right to interfere because the maltreated L'it landers are mostly British; because of the prox imity of British territory to the Transvaal, which is affected by Boer mismanagement, and be cause in the compact which allowed the Boer Government an autonomy Great Britain retain ed a suzerainty over the Transvaal. The fact is, tlie Boers arc a stubborn and very provincial people, who are obdurately and without reason opposing themselves to all progress in South Africa. CARTER'S PRISON HOUSE. How and "Where the Former Captain "Will Serve HIm Sentence. Tho Port Leavenworth penitentiary, to which, under the judgment of the court martial, Captain Carter has been ordered, Is an old Institution originally designed for the confinement of military prisoners alone, but more recently transferred from the custody of the War Department to that of the Department of Justice, and thrown open for the reception of prisoners of all kinds sentenced In United States courts. It was not Intended originally for a prison at all, but was built as a group of brick warehouses for merchandise. It is on the edge of the military reservation, whose lines were made to include It when It be came a military prison. A twenty-foat wall was thrown around It, and the in- terlor was gutted, and tiers of iron cages or cells were substituted for the storage arrangements on the several stories. The change from military to civil jurisdiction required the re-survey of the military res ervation so as to leave the old prison out side of It, but provision was made in the act of transfer that it should continue to be a place of confinement for persons "con victed by courts-martial of offences, now punishable by confinement in a peniten tiary and sentenced to terms of imprison ment of more than one year." It was further provided that the convicts-should be employed "only in the manufacture of articles and the production of supplle3 for said penitentiary, and in the manufacture of supplies for the Government" As the present penitentiary ha3 accom modations for only 850 convicts, but the neighborhood Is considered most con venient for a general Federal penitentiary, the Government decided three years ago to build another penitentiary, capable of con taining about 1,200 prisoners, with the un derstanding that on its completion the old penitentiary should revert to its original usest exclusively military. This necessity is emphasized now by the growth of our Army to dimensions not then dreamed of. The site selected for the new penitentiary is about two miles from the old one. The building operations have been a godsend to the prisoners, who have been employed In them to the exclusion of most free la bor. The warden, named McClaughry, bears an excellent reputation at the Department of Justice. He has made a career of pris on keeping, and had charge for a number of years of the penitentiary at Joliet, III. He has laid oift the work on the new prison with great care, so as to have the con victs divided Into groups of brickmakers, bricklayers, stonecutters, stonemasons, quarrymen, and the like, each group or gang being under skilled workmen as oosses and teachers, and an incentive be ing held out to the convicts to Improve In their work so as to pass by promotion from the lower to the higher grades. The convicts make and bake their own brick, take their own stone out of the quarry, shape it and put It into place. Eacn morn ing when the weather will permit they are marched from the, old penitentiary to the new, military fashion, but under guard, and are employed at wholesome labor in the open air and sunshine, with the result of a very fine average of physical health, to say nothing of the moral Improvement resulting from their learning a useful In dustry. No specific time has been set for completing the work on the new peniten tiary, and naturally It proceeds at a slower rate than if let out in ordinary way to I contractors. But, on the other hand, as tne uovernment would nave Deen ODiigeu to support the convicts anyway, and It gets their work free, and by their maintenance In good health saves a very neat sum year ly in medical supplies, it Is not so partic ular about the length of time taken in the building process, provided, of course, that there be .no needless waste. A prisoner of Captain Carter's education would probably not he. put, to manual labor in the brick kilns or stone yard, when his acquirements could be turned to more profitable advantage otherwise. It Is be lieved that he will have the direction of a part of the work requiring a knowledge of engineering, and will thereby save the Government the expense of at least one salaried employe. Further than that, noth ing can be said now, the details as to the care and assignment of convicts being lef c entirely with the warden. There are no privileged classes, however, In the peni tentiary, and In every respect, apart from the character of his task, an Army officer of the highest- grade receives no other treatment than is accorded to the com monest malefactor sent in by a civil court Under the usual rule of commutation for good behavior. Carter will be entitled to an allowance of two months in each of the five years of his sentence. This will be a total of ten months, reducing the full pe riod to four years and sixty days. French Journalism. (From Harper's Magazine.) The degradation of politics and of the army has been equaled by that of the press. France has never had a journal unless we except the "Temps" and the present incarnation of the "Matin" which an Algo-Saxon public would call a news paper; but then she does not want one. She has had journals which supply what she wants well-considered and elegantly written essays on the subjects of the day. Such she still finds in organs like the "Fi garo" and the "Journal des Debats;" but in the lower ranks of the press the fatal Influence of the Dreyfus case has told vile ly. American papers appear to an En glishman free-spoken in their attacks on opponents: but the cheapest rag In New York would blush for the recklessness, gullibility, and foulness of the baser French press. Restraints of good taste and de cency are quite obsolete. You call your political opponent "a prodigy of corrup tion both In public and in private life; with thirty years of lies, debauchery, bribery, defamation, and calumny behind him." The Prime Minister, if you dislike his policy, you describe as "only half cleansed of the murder of Carnot, the butcher of Madagascar, Hanotaux's accom plice In the extermination of the Arme nians." You never speak of General de Gillifet by name, but as "the assassin of May:" they will know whom you mean. M. Cavalgnac, being personally irreproach able, it is well to hark back to his ances tors, and call him the heir of two genera tions of murderers. Never say your op ponent published his opinions; say that he vomited them. You can hardly go wrong in describing anything you dislike as or dure. With foulness go intimidation, ob tuseness. spiritlessness. During the trial of Zola many newspapers headed their is sues for days with the names and addre?ses of the jurors, accompanied by suitable in stigations to violence. During the second court-martial on Dreyfus an ingenious lit tle paper In Renncs ran a serial, giving the story of an Alsacian spy in 1S70 named Deutschfus, who seduced an honest girl and then returned as an uhlan, shot her, and kidnaped her child. The credulity of such newspapers equals their violence, and they readily gulp down the wildest stories and clumsiest forgeries. And when an occasion comes, like the Fashoda crisis, in which a strong lead might fitly have been given to the nation, nothing was forth coming except alternate bluster and pul ing. An Unpleannnt Picture. (From the Philadelphia Record.) Philadelphia, is the headquarters, of election krsucry in Pennsylvania; in fact, there is no other city in the country whiih can Ci mpare with it in tho audacity of crime against the ballot. It is the shame of the Commonwealth that the way lias been made emocth for fraud of this char acter by legislation intended to make it easv of commission and difficult of detection and punishment. Our tax laws, registratv n laws, and election laws are shaped with a view to put the will of partisan bosses above the will of the voters. Under such riroumstances the first effort of honest men of all parties should be bent to a reform of the abuses which make election frauds possible. Until fach reforms shall have been effected the peple of Philadelphia cannot enjoy self-government. The proposition of the Municipal Leaguo to undertake a revision of the padded assessment lists, and later to put watch era at the polls and detectives at the heels of the scoundrels who make a busines-s of facilitating election frauds, is a move which should have tho aid not only of Mayor Ashbridgc and the police force, hut of tlie whole body of taxpayers who do not nuke a business of politics. Above all. the project should have the untiring and enthusiastic co-operation of all Democrats. AN 4XASKA ADVENTURE. Proxnealora "Eat I) ok". Bat FIhrJIj Strike It Rich. CLINTONVILLE, Pa., Oct 5. Frank Minster, a former well known resident of Donegal township. Butler county, who has been in Alaska for nearly two years, Is visiting his sisters here. In January. ISIS, Mr. Minster, accompanied by L. F. Fitz gerald, also of Donegal, left for Alaska, and has just returned home after a year and a half in the gold and copper fields. Minster and Fitzgerald went to Juneau and then to Skaguay, and with a party of about 200 others crossed the big glacier to the Alsace River region. The glacier Is about sixty miles across and fifty-one days were required to transport the supplies over it Each man in the party had a year's outfit with him, and as only a small portion of the supplies could be hauled on a sled at a time, so many back trips had to be made that, In going the sixty miles, each man had to travel, according to a mathematician In the party, about 3,010 miles. "The trip," said Mr. Minster, "did not prove profitable, so my partner and I de cided to go down the river to Yakatak." They secured a boat and started down the rapid Alsace River, but when half way to their destination their boat struck a rock, was smashed to pieces, and their entire outfit lost They had a dog with them, and as soon as they recovered from their bat tle with the river they started to- walk 200 miles to the nearest settlement After a couple of days without food, Fitzgerald suggested that dog meat might relieve the feelings of their stomachs, but Minster could not bring himself to agree with this proposition. They knew, however, that without food they would never live to reach a village, so they decided to build a raft Log3 were dragged to the river bank, but they had neither nails nor ropes to bind them together. Finally It was decided to make the dog do his share. Thejiide of the animal wa3 cut into strips and" used to bind the logs together. The raft was launched and the hungry men, with what was left of the dog, started down the river. Ther current was very swift and in three days, they landed at the settlement, but Mr. Minster admits that there was not as much of the dog at the finish as at the start Fortu nately both men had money, and they soon bought a new outfit and started out pros pecting. They went to the Porcupine copper re gion and located a claim for which $15,000 was recently offered them by a syndicate which was buying- the copper mines in that section. As a railroad into a region is projected they decline to sell. Mr. Minster describes Juneau and Skaguay as lively and enterprising towns. He says the stories of hardships, sufferings, and Overcharges in the region are very much derdrawn. At Juneau he purchased a suit of clothes which he now wears, for ?22. 3fWls can be secured at Juneau for 25 cents, a glas3 of whisky costs the same, and beer Is 10 cents a glass. Other necessaries of life cost the same proportionate price. Nlr. Minster will return to the Porcupine dis trict in the spring to assist Fitzgerald la looking after their claim. A PEN" PICTURE OE DEWEY. The Man and Hi Characteristic MooIn. (Hon. John Barrett, in Harper's Magazine.) Physically the Admiral Is not an im pressive man in the sense that some of our noted military men are, but he has a poise of body and head when standing? or sitting that attracts the eye of the stranger. He has dignity, with absolute case. He carries himself gracefully for a man who3e legs are trained to the sea, and he Is net affected in manner or move ment His step Is usually light but not especially quick. He is net tall, and Is rather under the average height of -naval men; but in good condition, he has the appearance of being fairly well rounded. His bones are small and hi3 fingers long and slight His hands are often employed in nervous gestures not In the French, but In the New England style emphatic and serious, but not gymnastic. As he talks he shakes hl3 head to give emphasis to what he Is saying. If-he is specially interested his eyes move quick ly about, watching your own expression and possibly that of others, looking bright and cheerful one moment, and severe the next, according to your answers .pr com ment. Still, his eyes are not what would be called shifting. He has a firm, earnest, controlling look In them when he has or ders to give or hears reports on Important matters. He could not be called handsome, be cause he Is not sufficiently tall, but he has a prepossessing, clear-cut. Interesting, almost classical face that seems equal to the responsibility of giving expression to the thoughts that have birth in his active brain. He is much better looking than the average photograph or sketch. None of his pictures brings out the best that Is In his face, nor the lines which one notices in his actual presence. The ordinary portrait that Is seen all over the land gives no con ception of the real force and strength that he possesses, and is therefore disappoint ing to the man who has been accustosced to seeing him in person. His hair is an iron-grey tending toward whiteness, which becomes his composed but earnest visage. The nose is large, but it indicates his forca of character, and does not mar the general effect of his physiognomy. There are res olution and persistency in the lines of his mouth, and when his lips are moving In stating an order or giving an opinion where he has made up his mind, there Is no d fa culty in determining whether he Is In ear nest His complexion has naturally been sallow much of the time at Manila, for that condition is superinduced by the cli mate, but after his long voyage home it is quite probable that he will have consid erable color. He always looks clean and neat, but is not overparticular, and grace fully accepts the conditions of war and sailor life even if they do not give him a I the privileges, comforts, and pleasures of the club. His wonderful adaptability has made him as much at home in tie strippel cabin of the Olympla as he would have been in a hotel or club In New York or Washington. In fact, he gave no signs on the flagship of desiring luxurious surrounJ lngs, and the simplicity of furniture dat ing back to the days of fighting, compared with his simplicity of dress and manner, seemed to present a harmonious situation in line with his habits and wishes. There was no "fuss and feathers" about him or his environment at Manila. Extra PolItenCMi. (From the Detroit Free Tress.) After the young man had patted hU eye with cold water for half an hour and then fitted a beef steak cushion ocr it. he went into the front pare of the house to find his father. "Been fightingT ' asked the old gentleman, sternly, when he recognized his son. "Xo fight about it. 1 got a poke in the eye that was good for a four-bagger if l bad been a baseball. That's all there was ta iU" "Must have been some p!ac you shouldn't have been." "Xot at all," and he winced, as he adjusted the steak. "I went to the hotel to Ioek for that friend of yours, just a? jon directed-" "He didn't strike jout" "So; but it all came from that infernal code of etiquette you've been preaching to me. You insist that one should always tell the truth, and that any idea of politencs "iccoraistent with that is a sliam and a mockery." o "That's right; always" told you so." "I know jou did. One of" the strangers there wai telling an experience that sounded a Httla fUhy. While they were all chaffing him he turned to me and asked me if I thought he looked like a man who couldn't tell the truth. I promptly said that he did. Then he wanted to know if I meant he had been lying. I remembered your training, and said that I did. When I began to take notice again I had thi," and he tenderly felt the steak. "Served you right; served you right., I say. Nobody but a booby has to call a man a liar in order to be polite." A JelTcrKUiiian Democrat. -(From the newton Herald.) Former Governor Pattison, of Pennsylvania, is a pretty level-headed sort of a Democrat, and he believes that the overwhelming sentiment of the country isfavorab!e to the broadest kind of a na tional policy which reaches out for commercial adtantcgei in the direction of the Philippines.