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THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, SCXJUY, OCTOBER 22, 1899.
BOOTH'S MABTLABD 11 1 "Wbei'c tJ Theatrical Geftlas Speiil His Happiest Dy. Tmler Hall Has I'HJerRBHC Vcw ChHHftvs Slnee It W BhIU for the Great Aetr-TJi( JIhhsiuh In Which Itdivln hhI .IoHh "Wilkes fcnent "34ol of. Their Childhood. Some days ago I visited the old home of Junius Brutus Booth, near Belair, Md., where, free from the excitement of the world's applause, the eccentric genius , passed the happiest day of his life Here bis children were bora; here much of their childhood was spent; here. John Wilkes romped, and gentle Rdwln played. The vehemence and tempestousness of tragedy were here laid aside. The place was always a haven of rest for Booth a place of tenderest memories for his children. Belair is reached from Washington by way of Baltimore, and is 6J the Balti more and Lehigh Railway. It is a nar- --. - - li- TJ. io gauge affair, and consumes one hour ! and a half in going twenty-seven miles. The cars are "scrooehy" and not over ckan. and the conductor talks familiarly to the hangers-on at the various stopping places. Belair is really a pretty town, and has 1 im inhabitants. Main Street is clean, and dotted with cheerful homes. There is a noticeable absence of delapidation and a superabundance of churches. It is a Itual option town, but "no gentleman as is a gentleman," remarked one of my sources di information, "has ever died of thirst within Belair's boundaries." To prove that he was a Maryland gentleman, he smiled, and patted his back pocket significantly As he walked away. 1 thought I heard a gtiule splashing from within that pocket. Most of the people of Belair are fond of the play, I learned, and they patronise the town hall liberally when a "snow" comes their way: bat companies rarely brav the Baltimore and Lehigh. Once is enough, j An for a fly-by-night U. T. C. company j Enquiry brought forth the information that the old home of the Booths wasabout , two and a half miles irom tne town, anu iIiai it was now occupied by a Mind pro-ft-fasor of music, who is the organist at St. Ignatius' Catholic Church, a composer, a graduate of the New York .Conservatory cf Music for the Blind, and a gentleman who upheld Maryland's fame for hospi tality. Of course Belair has a livery stable, and thither I went. The genial proprietor Mas told that a horse was wanted for a Jie-mile drive one that would not walk continually on it hind legs or shy at au tumn leaves. He said be had Just the th.mal I wanted It was named Sallie. ' Saliie was brought forth and harnessed to a buggy, and I was provided with heavy ti Vb. for the day was rainy and chilly. It t'Ktk her two hours to travel two and a half miles ont and two and a half hours to over die same stretch in. Her hide was a- tough and as insensible to chastisement as linoleum and her ears deaf to entreaty, command, or execration. PnIr HmIIN Isolmlon. Tudor Tall, the old Bosth homestead, nesUea .down in a clearing half a mile f:om the road. le two hundred and sixty j a res surrounding it are densely wcoded. j j more isolated home could not be imag- j n. ed. When Booth pianned for seclusion Le planned well. Even at this late date it is a veritable hermitage. As I drove through the woods and approached the f.nma fen iwusaVtofeAc rtai iilfarl 4Ua rvr i,uv " n M-w" - --- two. I waa greeted by a loud cackling of gt-ese. I sat ana watched the bouse for . ..- -....k4 tiw. K.. f . fi miaatee, thinking that someone would come forth and invite me in out of tLe rain. As no one appeared, however, I approached the front door and knocked. The second knock resulted in the opening of the door by a miss of sixteen or seven teen, i told her that I had come from Y isbington and tarough many difficulties j uet to sef the home of the famous Booths, U1K with. the present oc.upnts, and lis ten to the stones they had to tell of that faintly Of geniuses. She smiled encourag ingly and said chat the professor ould toon be in. The young woman proved to t.t the stepdaughter of Prof. Mahoney, Mis Kyle, whose mother is the present owner M IM pace. I Irci. J. F. Mahoney came at last. He is sightless and has been since he was five years old. He welcomed me cordially tud talked entertainingly. As we dined. the professor said that he was not per sonally acquainted with any cf the Booths, but bis ears had always been open to sto r.e relating to the famous family, par tu ularly since he took up his residence at Tudor Hall. Prof. Mahoney, though shut out from the light of the world, is distinctly of the world. A long residence 1l New York, where he has taught both local and instrumental music, has kept t tin In touch with the world of harmony, and the drama, art, and the sciences. Taough now removed in part from these. Lit yearning for educational acquisition is b&thmed through the assistance of loving friends. Within sight of the front door of Tudor Hall stands an old stump with five upright projections, the whole having the ap 1 araace of an outstretched hand. This wreck ot a once great tree, with its butts of limbs, is called by the country people Booth's Fingers." Tradition has it that the great genius was wont to thunder forth his fiercest Sbakesperean speeches from the branches of this woodland giant. hen preparing to once more astonish the world with his impassioned utterances. When Booth first sought seclusion here he lived in a rudely constructed log house, osly a few hundred yardb from the pres ent structure. Here the poet boy came but once a week and locks and bolts on doors were unknown. Here the children were born. The new home was built about 1840. It was designed abroad. Booth was not an American by birth, adoption or at heart. u . wi .- r.AT,n i7 . , M0 WW SU UWMUWM M A.,V U IU,7 to America in 181. While the Americans heaped upon him every honor, palliated broken engagements, and welcomed him more cordially each -succeeding year, he was Intensely un-American. Dexeriptimi of the I'laee. In this new house, the one still standing, was agent most of the childhood of the younger boys. It is a two-story structure, and at present contains sixteen rooms. A substantial, covered porch extends across the front. The windows are church ly in appearance, the panes being very small and diamond-shaped. There is but one cbim tiev , that Is In the centre of the house. The structure stands today practically as the Booths left it. A bow window has been added to the parlor and the dining-room but: been somewhat enlarged. In all other substantia respects it stands as the Eng lish architect designed it. The front door opens into a square reception hall, with tbe library on one side and the parlor on the ether. Tbe home is built principally of brick and fronts tbe northeast. Tudor Hfill, eves on a rainy day. is an extremely cheerful place. "The Farm," as Booth always called it, is blessed with a fine spring. In the days of the Booths a great, green bullfrog made hie home there, and as he was be lieved by the head of tbe family to be a hundred years old, be was treated with ail the respect and wonder that great age Inspires. The croaks of this old fellow were listened to with rapt attention by Booth. When aad how the great frog dd is not recorded, but during Booth's time Tudor Hall's spring was a safe asy lum for him. The original loghouse was never destroy ed by Booth. After his death it was re moved to Hickory, a small settlement that had sprung up some distance away. There 1b was used as the framework of a more xr.odern dwelling Booth's allegiance to England prevented him from acquiring a tas simple title to his plait, it is said. He held a lease. He secured a leasehold title to his place, such as was very com mon in Maryland gome years ago. Mrs. Mahoney has held possession for about twenty years. The homestead was bought by her first husband, Mr. Kyle. The cabinet maker to whom the father desired to apprentice Edwin Booth still lives in the vicinity of Belair. Junius Brutus Booth, the elder, permitted the eating of no animal food on "The Farm." He guarded jealously the life cf the mean est worm.the smallest animal. Once, while on a tour, he wrote to his father, Richard Booth, who looked after the place in his absence, and lived with him until he died, as follows: "Do not let Junius (his son) set a rabbit trap or shoot at a bird. Cruelty is the offsnrinsr of idlnness of mind and beastly ignorance. A thief who takes prop erty from another has it in his power, should he repent, to make restoration, but a lobber of life can never give back what he has wantonly and sacrilegiously taken V" ,hr nh 2Z: "- "" J '"-'- M-....j ...,.. .. of enjoying pleasure or suffering torture with himself. The ideas of Pythagoras I i have adopted, and as respects our nccount- abilty to animals hereafter, nothing that man can preach can make me believe to the contrary." "As to John Wilkes Booth." said the pro- f xmlltKk " akm, M.r -& t&s3) wyw wsm TDOR H.VLL, TIIK BOOTH HOME. fessor, "there are still some people who be lieve or say they believe that he was never shot; in fact some believe be is still living. In the minds of the Belair people, however, there is not the faintest doubt of his death, for "Auntie" Rogers, his old nurse, has declared to them a thousand times that she saw th bodv of her bov iust before it was buried end that she attempted to cut a lock of hair from the head, but was stopped and threatened with arrest." Just before the original Booth house was removed some inappreciative person hav ing control of the work, tore up a trunk full of stage costumes which had grown faded in the service of the eccentric genius, the elder Booth. The strips were used in the making of a rag carpet. For several years j tnereauer ine royai roues oi rtieuaiu auu other characters he had .helped to immor talize were trod upon daily by country i kIaiiic The trimfc whk fminri with Other junk ,"n lhe refuge TOom of lhe house. To. aay the6e roDes to the collector would be almost priceless. That the elder Booth was more than ec centric at times is not doubted, in Harford county at least. Time, no doubt, has ex aggerated the eccentricities and strange acts of the man, but no one denies that he . !, r-.X Aa-a.-A l mnn crirtra nTn. &"- , ";." ,-ul ceeaiBKS. iso one wuu is luiciraicu j.u mu ceedings. unusual impeaches the truth of the story that recites the death of one of his children while the actor was en tour, its burial ou the home place, his frantic disinterment ot the body on bis return, the bringing of the dead into the house and his mad appeals to the mother to recall it back to life. Some of IHk ISceentcieitieH. "Tradition has it also," said Prof. Ma honey," that once upon the death of a fa vorite horse he in his Insane effort to re store it to life opened the carcass of the animal and forced his wife to crawl within, in the belief that she could breathe life into it again. And the story that has come j. mTMm father tn n In rKiwrt nt this , ,. ,.... .,. t ..j k 4... a and firearms to prevent interference from outsiders." While this part of the story seems too unnatural to believe, general credence is given to the report that when the burial of the horse became necessary he went for miles about the country requesting the peo ple to come to "The Farm" to attend the funeral. When they arrived, they found to their great disgust that it was the carcass of a horse he wished to have buried with all solemnity. The crowd retired, some in disgust, others ,amused. This freak oi Booth's was quickly followed by a long and serious illness. Often Booth would wan der miles from his home at night insuffi ciently clad or dressed in stage robes, some times through rain, or scow, only to return apparently unconscious of his strange ac tion. When Edwin reached the age of fourteen or fifteen be traveled much with his father and in his calm way exerted great influ ence over, protecting him from bodily ex posure and regulating bis engagements. Yet, in spite' of this, Edwin was not his fa vorite son. The sad face of the boy. It is said, always near him rather deterred and quieted the elder Booth. Edwin was a boy who commanded obedience with a simple look of protest. Of all the Booth boys John Wilkes is best remembered by the people tn and around Belair. He mingled with the people more. They say he was a magnificent horseman. a genial companion, a true sportsman. All Belair speaks lovingly of Edwin "l"' J",K T.w . t. I a free library movement. It ap- r .1. t... l..r.. l. .4l.l 1... nA ecni I . . . ,. , - 4 . - .,. P ! jretxz'C luai 1111; ubuur iri lutr iirvtu, .' sisted by their wives and daughters, in augurated the movement by holding a ba zaar. It was suggested that Edwin's in terest be solicited. Mrs. Young, one of the foremost patrons, conceived the idea of cutting from the old Booth place a piece of cherry wood, dressing it into a panel, and upon its poliBhed surface painting a bunch of cherries. This was gent to the idol of the Sbakesperean stage with a few words about the movement. The tree from which the piece was taken stood immedi ately in front of the door of the home. The curve of every limb was known to Edwin. This little tribute touched the tendereet chords in his breast, and along with his letter of appreciation came the $&00 check. The library is now in success ful operation. When Junius Brutus Booth, the elder, died on a Mississippi steamboat, tbe world suffered a great loss. When Rutus Choate, who regarded him as the ideal tragedian, heard of the death, ho exclaimed sorrow fully, "There are no more actors'" J. BARTON MILLER. What SpoiiKre Cost. (Prom the New York. Kvening Telegram.) TUt flnett and mt ospenrivc of all the com mercial doenption. sss "Knowledge," i the fine Turkey toilet tfKinge, found in greatest per iectioo oft' lhe eoaats of the Levant, where it as cuiimv the well known cup-like form. The aver age wholesale price of picked )M?c!ineii of tills description ranges from Ss. to 0. each. Xext in value are tbe so-called "Turkey tolid," in which the rp-shape is loot and the top of the sponge it flat. Tbeae are the only kind of Turkey found the HMAward of Malta. Their wholesale price If from 9s. to 2s- Bd. each. In these sponges the apertures of the wateuapcr are larger than in the Turkey eup Another remarkable variety of this ipttir is the Iago-fltu, or elephant's car fcponge, of the Adriatic. T3ir.se form hupp fuiigui!. like lappeta, which feometimrs join at the edge so an to produce large open cup. Cut into tmall pieces, tlwy are used for home cltaninp, but the mort important uie of the larger miee is for cer tain surRical operations; they are also employed for stuffing saddles. The wholesale price of the b&t dra.ripticrii cries from Sfc. to GOs. per A SHOWER OF METEORITES Ctilestirtl Fireworks Promised for ilie Nhrlit of November 147 Astronomers' Theories Cimcernlnff isiieli Jlenvenly Displays This One "Will lime Its OrlKin In the Con Mcllution of Leo The Xavul Oh Kcriatiiry tci Keep n Close "Wntcli. Astronomers promise that on the night of November 14 and the morning of No vember 15, if the weather shall be clear, Americans will be treated to a display of celestial fireworks in comparison with which the Dewey illuminations will appear to have been dull and dim. The rockets which will drive away the gloom are known in astronomy as meteorites, and the par ticular meteorites which will brighten the- night of November 14 are known as the Leonids, from the fact that they appear to fall from the constellation Leo. The meteorites upon coming in contact with the atmosphere that surrounds the earth, become ignited from the friction of their flight and countless millions of them will flash red, white, orange, and green. The earth, in its revolution around the sun, passes through a maze of meteors each fall, but once in every thirty-three years the Leonids, in their elliptical flight through the heavens touch the earth's orbit near the point which the earth will reach on November 14 next. Its said that somq astronomers believe that the cause of the Leonids has been discovered, and that it is believed that they are fragments of a comet which was wrecked In space three thousand three hundred years ago. An expert opin ion is that the comet exploded because of the Intense heat generated by its unduly speedy passage through space. It is also said that it was Temple, an astr&nomer3, who put forth the claim that the Leonids are fragments of an exploded comet. A reporter for The Times talked with Prof. A. N. Skinner, an astronomer, who has been connected with the Naval Ob servatory for thirty years, concerning the matter. He said that there are many theories concerning the nature and mat ter of comets, meteors, and meteorites, but no one of these theories is wholly sat isfactory. The exhibitions of meteorites, or shooting stars, have excited great in terest among astronomers, ,,XhaJr, ,(Utcnr tlon was first turned seriouslytojvard the subject by the great metoorie sttoWe"r of November 13. 1833. On that , night, and, till daylight of the morning of November ' 14, the sky being serene and cloudless, the whole heavens were lighted by a magnifi cent display of celestial fireworks. At times the air was filled with streaks of light, occasioned by fiery pafllcle's',akrtl'figr' down so swiftly as to leave their impres sion of light on the eye, as of a match ignited and flashed before the face, and drifting to the northwest like flakes of snow driven by the wind; while at short intervalfa, balls of fire, varying in size from minute points to bodies apparently as large as Jupiter or Venus, and in a few instances as large as the full moon, descended more slowly along the arch of the sky, often leaving after them long trains of light, which wore in some cases variegated with different prismatic colors. Tli el r Origin In hen. On tracing back the lines of direction in which the meteors moved, it was found that they all appeared to radiate from the same point, which was situated near one of the stars in the constellation Leo, named Gamma Leonis; hence these particular meteors are called Leonids, though the an nual November shower has appeared to radiate from about the same part of the heavens. This great shower of 1833 per vaded nearly the whole of North America, having appeared in almost equal splendor from the British possessions on the north to the West India Islands and Mexico on the Fouth. Throughout this immense re gion it is said that the duration was nearly the same. The meteors began to attract attention by their unusual frequency and brilliancy from 9 to 12 o'clock in the even inrr: wern mnj.1 striklntr in their nnnpnr- I ance from 2 to 4 o'clock, arrived at their maximum at about 4 o'clock, and continued until rendered invisible by the light of the sun. Soon after this occurrence it was ascer tained that a meteoric shower of con siderable brilliancy had appeared in 1799, and what was more remarkable, at the same time of the year. It soon appeared from accounts that were received in the United States from various parts of the world that a similar phenomenon had oc curred in the falls of 1830, 1831, and 1832. The displays were pronounced, but not so radiantly brilliant as that on November 13 and 14, 1833. It was evident from these observations that the fiery showers were independent of the casual changes of the atmosphere, for, having a periodical return, it was without doubt to be referred to astronomical causes, and its recurrence at a certain definite period of the year, plainly indicated some relation to the revolution of the earth around the sun. It is said to be an established fact that the periodical meteors of November have their origin beyond the atmosphere, de scending to the earth when thej come within its attractive influence; that this meteoric body has an independent exist ence as a member of the solar system, its periodic lime being either a year or a half year, so that for a number of years in suc cession the two bodies meet near the same part of the earth's orbit. 5lfe With (Jrent Velocity. It is said to be also established that the meteors consist of light, combustible mat ter; that they move with great velocities, amounting in some instances to not less than that of the earth in its orbit, or, in other words, nineteen miles a second, or 68,000 miles an hour; that some of them are bodies of large size, sometimes nearly or quite a mile in diameter; that when they enter the atmosphere of lhe earth they rapidly and powerfully condense the air before them, and thus elicit the heat which sets them on fire as a spark is elicited in an air-match, by being sudden ly condensed by means of a piston and cylinder, and thnt they nro burned up at a considerable height above the earth, sometimes not more than thirty miles away. It was once believed thai those meteors were drawn by tbe earth irom a -nebulous body which bore the sajnol relation t0 tne solar system that comets do. and which, like them, revolved around the sun. but between the earth andrthe sun. There were many astronomers who bslievel that this "nebulous body," which supp'iel the meteors, was identical with that nebulous body long known under the name of the Zodiacal Light, and that it was in fact froi the outer extremities ofxtlys strange light that the meteors were uar&jed, they being attracted to the earth atStfet point where the earth in its annuiuafecvolution ap proaches nearest, or perhaps passes through the extremities' of the Zodiacal Light. Leo, or the Lion, the constellation whence these meteors seem to come, has many Interesting members. It ranges from west to east along the Zodiac, over more than forty degrees, all parts of the figure, excepting the feel, lying north of the ecliptic. Regulus, alpha Leonis, is a star of the first magnitude, which lies very near the ecliptic and is much used in astronomical observations. North of Regulus lies a semicircle of five bright stars arranged in the form cf a sickle, of which Regulus is the handle, and extend ing over the shoulder and neck of the Lion. Denebola, a conspicuous star in the Lion's tail, lies twenty-five degrees east of Regulus. Twenty bright stars in all compose this constellation. Tlie CumiiiKT Ttleteoric Shower. A Times reporter was told at the Naval Observatory that it could not be predicted with absolute certainty at what hour the meteoric fall of November will begin. It is thought that the shower will reach a maximum at about 1 o'clock on tho morn ing of November 15, The fall will prob ably begin four or five hours earlier than this with small bursts of meteors. Although these meteors revolve around tho sun in definite orbit, the point of their intersection with the orbit of the earth moves forward at the rate of a degree and a half each year, thus throwing the time of the fall of the meteors, as seen from the earth, a little later every year. It has been stated that the remarkable fall in 1S33 took place on tho night of No vember 13. There was another great shower in the morning of November li, 186G, and the approaching display will occur late in the night of November 11. The coming shower, provided the weather shall be clear, will be observable through out the whole of North America, in Eu rope, Asia, and part of the southern hem isphere. The phenomenon of a meteoric shower is usually a noiseless one. When the streak of light is first formed, it is narrow and perfectly straight, but it soon becomes serpentine and assumes an ir regular figure, as it drifts along under the influence of the wind currents in the upper region. Critical observation of the shower will be made at the Naval Observatory, and it is said that the Leonids will be the cen tre of systematic and scientific observa tion throughout the northern hemisphere. Fragment of a Comet. As has been said, .the Leonids are thought to be the fragments of a comet that blew up more than ithree thousand years ago. An astronomer, in speaking with a Times reporter, said of comets that of their physical naturjj 'little is under stood. It is usual, he said? lo account for ,the. variations that their tails undergo by referring them to the agencies of heat and cold. The intense heatdo ;hlch they are subject in approaching o near the sun as some of them do Is thef reason given for the., vast expansion of ''the , nebulous at mosphere which, it is believed, forms their tails, and the great cold ,to 'hich they are exposed in receding to i such vast dis tances from the sun is ihought to account for the condensation of this, same nebulous tail. The great comet of liSOrat perihelion, approached within 130,000 miles of the sun (the distance of the earth from the sun is about 95,000,000 miles). The heat which that comet submitted to is calcu lated to have been 28,000 times that which the earth receives in the same time, and two thousand times hotter than red hot iron. This theory of expansion and contraction, however, does not account for the fact that the tail of the comet usually extends in a line opposite to the sun. Those comets rwhich have their perihelion very near tho sun, like the comet referred to, must cross the orbits of the planets in the earth's sys tem. This fact has sometimes given rise to a popular fear that a great collision be tween comets and the earth might at some time occur. Astronomers have figured that this contingency is exceedingly remote. The narrowest escape which it is known that the earth had, was with Biela's comet in 1832. That comet, in returning to the sun, crossed the ecliptic very near the earth's track, and had the earth then been at that point of its orbit, there would have been a disastrous collision. The earth was within one month of reaching that point. It was only fifty million miles away. FATHER OF CHILDREN'S BOOKS. John XewJierj-'M Neglected Tomb in St. Lawrence Churehyaril. (From a Letter to the London Chronicle.) A correspondent informs me that the tomb of John Newbery, in Waltham St. Lawrence Churchyard, is likely to suffer the fate that overtakes all such monuments unless properly and regularly cared for. I have not seen it since I visited the quaint and quiet little village In the sum mer of 1885, when I was collecting ma terials for a life of "the philanthropic pub lisher of St. Paul's Churchyard," immor talized by Goldsmith in his "Vicar of Wakefield," by Dr. Johnson in "The Idler," by Washington Irving in "Brace bridge Hall" and by many other writers who have recognized the influence of the first publisher who wrote, edited, complied, and published books for "all those little masters and misses who are good, or who intend to be good." We have traveled a long way since New bery and Goldsmith co-operated on that famous list of books of which "Good Two Shoes" and "Tommy Trip" may bo taken as the best examples, but if it were only for the fact that Newbery was the first to give the "Rhymes and Jingles of Mother Goose" to the world in collected form his memory should ever be kept groen by Eng lish speaking children wherever they may be found. Newbery's original collection of Mother Goose's melodies has, rprover, an added Interest, for there is evrTeaaon to b3 lieve that Goldsmith had W hand in the editing, annotating, and" arranging of the iirst edition. 41 Neither in London, aUhe scene of his labors, "over against the north door of St. Paul's' Cathedral," nor.-at'the corner of St. Paul's Churchyard, 'nor, at Canonbury House, Islington, whei ht and Goldsmith lived and worked together nor at his birthplace, Waltham 3t. Lawrence, is there anything of prominence to keep bis name in remembrance. , ; "Mother Goose" has enriched countless publishers, who have, of course, banished his name from their editions, and has de lighted children innumerable on both sides of the Atlantic, and' although it is nearly one hundred and fifty years since he flourished, it is not ton." late, either by a tablet on one of too slteb indicated or by a suitable monument at h s birthplace or nkmi'hprp to commemorate the life and work of a man who was, as Goldsmith said, "not only the friend of children, but the friend of all mnnkind." This would seem to be the more neces sary, for a clnim to have been 'the orig ator of this collection was made about thir ty yenrs ago on behalf of Mrs. Goose, or Vergoose, the mother-in-law of Thomas Fleet, a printer who flourished in Boston, U. S.' A., during the eighteenth century. The absurdity of this contention was amply ilomnnstrnlml hv Mr. W. II. WllitnlOre. the present city register of Boston, in, his preface to a fac simile or newbery s edi tion which he published in 1892; but an cient superstition and modern myths alike die hard, and there are thousands in Amer ica today who cling to the idea that .Mother Goose was an American lady, Instead of a nom de plume borrowed by Newbery from Charles Perrault's "Contes de ma Mere l'Oye." BW WBATHBB FBOBLBHB Meteorological Conditions and Man kind's Belfavior. WasliiiiKrtoiiiau Holds AViml ami Temperature ReHpoitNlhle for Jinny of the Pocnllar. Aots of Human ity IUs 1' red let ion IlcKnriliiiK Thi Uraneh of the Science. A Wagningtonian who takes an extraor dinary Interest in mstuorology in all ot Its various phases is a cbampion-of the asser tion that weather conditions have more to do with the temperament and acts ot hu man beings than is admitted nowadays. This theorist declares that one day in tho not far distant future, weather bulle tins, predictions concerning temperature and wind changes and probable variations in atmospheric conditions will possess a much greater significance than at present. According to hi3 notion of the probabili ties in the matter, the public will watch the weather bulletin, not Simply to discover whethYr some engagement Is to be upset by rain or to discover in advance a rise or fall in temperature that will necessitate a change in apparel, but to secure a clew to the probable conduct of his fellow-being3 to whom he is more or less closely related. The behavior of men and women, according to this psychological weather expert is to a large extent Influenced by variations In humidity, rising and falling of the mercury, and the shifting in the "direction and ve locity of the wind. On this interesting topic, the meteoro gist talks very entertainingly. "When the relations of atmospheric conditions to the liuman mind are truly understood," said he, "certain changes will mean to the phy sician a warning in regard to his patients who are hovering between life and death. To the teacher these changes will indicate that her pupils will be stubborn and un ruly; to the chief of police they will indi cate a day of assaults, murders, and sui cides; to the keeper of a penitentiary or insane asylum, a time of extra watchful ness over his wards to avert fractious out breaks; to the banker, a change in the weather may bring anxiety lest serious er rors creep into his accounts or affect fi nancial calculations; and to the ordinary citizen the prevalence of certain weatner conditions will indicate that mental or physical operations should be curtailed or that a decision as to some momentous af fair of business should be postponed to a season when the intellect shall be clearer and the judgment less clouded. "That climate and weather influence feeling and conduct is universally admlted. The fact is recognized in popular tradition and in general literature, and the princi pal theories concerning it are familiar to the public. Everybody understands cli matic effects uponcharacter. The differ ences between tropical races and those liv ing in the temperate zones, the depressing influence of a damp, rainy day, and the stimulating effect of bright, sunny weath er, arejarge facts in meteorology that are common knowledge. That spring causes a revival ''of human energy, that more sui cides occur in summer than in winter, that extremes of heat and cold kill off hu man beings like a pestilence these are some of the scientific conclusions ns to me teorological influence that seem to be gen erally accepted. "But we are on the eve of a refinement of the science that will extend its scope very materially. Past investigations have been concerned with the larger effects of seasons in which certain weather condi tions were prevalent. Recent investiga tions have been concerned with the ef fects upon the conduct of human beings of daily variations in temperature, humidity, and tbe"ve'loCTtyi'of''the"wind. The Weath er Bureau, -haq.ji. smalL fund at Its disposal for making investigations of this character, but has done little more than outline some of the elemental features of the complicat ed problems involved.- In making these in vestigations the meteorologist goes on the theory that the human body is a machine capable, of developing only a certain amount of energy per individual, which output must suffice to maintain his bodily functions and in addition to provide a re serve fund out of which must come the energy, physical or mental, expended in i ne likes the situation, and tf he says the daily labor or other exercise. Now, it i3 ' hotel ought to have been placed nearer tbe obvious that weather conditions that can ! railway dpot, the location of the house effect an Increase or reduction in this fund ! wl,J be changed immediately. of surplus energy will have more or less "Corner front rooms, up only one flight, influence on conduct. The weather is, how- fr each guest. ever, always a secondary cause. It serves ' "Bath, gas lavatory, hot and cold water, to oreate or help to create the conditions I laundry, telegraph, fire alarm, restaurant, under which certain acts can or will be j barroom, billiard tables, daily papers, done, or under which we lose the power to coupe, sewing machine, grand piano, and a inhibit them. Weather also has influence clergyman, together with all other modern over emotional states of mind, and these, j conveniences, in every room. too, are factors in determining conduct. I "Meals every minute if desired, and con- "To illustrate, it has been found that tho ! sequently no second table. best work of pupils in the public schools j "English, French, and German diction is done on days which are cold, calm, or aries furnished each guest to make up clear, and their worst work on hot or j such a bill of faro as he may desire with muggy days. Their deportment, as evi- j out regard to the bill of lare afterwards denced by the larger number of demerits at the office. entered, is worst on cloudy days. The j "Walters of any nationality and color suicide, strangely enough, in a majority desired. Every waiter furnished with a H- of cases, chooses a fair day for self-de struction. The errors made by bank clerks are most common In the months of July and August, and more are made on the days of highest temperature than on any other. Bodily assaults are most frequent In spring and summer, and the suscepti bility of the female sex to weather influ ences is shown in the larger proportion of assaults committed by women in July and August. "It is found that the unseasonably hot days of spring and autumn are more pro ductive of pugnacity than other hot days, even though the heat be much less than in summer. As a general rule, it appears that warm weather and sunny days are productive of human energy, whether for good or evil, and that very cold or very hot or windy or humid days are depress ing in their effects, and while they may be irritating to the temper, are not condu cive to accurate or energetic action. In the one case the favorable meteorological conditions seem to release a quantity of human energy which In the othor would be drawn upon to counteract unfavorable conditions. To what extent the human machine Is responsive to daily variations in weather is unknown, but that it is re sponsive, just as a modern steam engine is responsive to varying loads, is the con clusion to which all recent enquiries lead." An Iniproel Telephone. (I'rom the Loniloif Dailj Mail.) If a recent invention fulfills all that is expected of it, we are approaching an era of cheaper telephones, greater clearness in voice transmission, and the surmoun.ing of the many diillculties that beset long d.s tance telephony. The Invention is a transmitting apara- tus which is the property of the Adams R ig c, ,g , , ,,i .:..i i to all purposes of telephony, particularly upon long circuits; that reproduced words can, if desired, be heard all over a large room; that speech can be loudly and clea--ly transmitted over distances hitherto im possible: that expensive metallic circuit-?, now absolutely necessary, can be dispens ed with; that much cheaper wire can be used, and that a message can be scut along n wire that is at the same time being usel for telegraphic purposes. Such are the advantages cf the appara tus as given by tbe secretary of the com pany to a "Daily Mail" representative jes terday. "Only three cells of battery." ho explained, "can be used behind the best telephone instrument now' in use. Conse quently, in order to successfully tel phon irom, say, London to Dublin, a voy co.-tly conductor in the form of a metallic cir cuit has to be used. The copper wire fo these main trunk lines costs as much as 20 a mile. With the new Instrument we .bail be able to telephone from London to Dublin with an earth return, nd this will mean an enormous saving in the cost of trunk lines. At the present time the earth return is not used for telephone purposes. "Another great feature of the new in strument Is that its resistance to Induc tion is much greater, by reason of the em ployment of twelve cells of battery la stead of three, and these can be so regu lated that the reproduced voice can be heard all over the room or through the re ceiver only, and no matter how great the distance the speech Is quite c.'ear and dis tinct. "Trial instruments are in use in the sig nal cabins on the Great Northern Railway at Leeds, and important official tests are now beiug conducted with a view to the general adoption of the Invention through out England. With the introduction of this instrument overhead wires will he abolished, an underground circuit estab lished, and the cost of laying and main taining trunk lines will be infinitely small er than It is now." THE SEEDY MAN. Anil Hi.n Great Scheme for IlunnitiK' n Hotel. (From the Detroit Free Pits.) Hq looked seedy. His hair was long, his chin unshaven, and his shoes were '. ery much run down at tbe heels. There was a faraway look In bis eyes, as though he were thinking of better days gone by, and he wore a large brown mole just forward of his left ear. With no certain gait he shambled across to the eity editor's desk. That official looked up. "I ain't got any thing to help you buy a bed," he said, thinking thus to head off conversation. The man smiled sadly. "I don't want a bed," he replied, in a voice that sounded like the filing ot a saw. "That isn't what I'm after. I'm out to in terest capital." "What in; getting you a meal?" The city editor was unusually sarcastic "No, sir; I'm out to interest capital in my Utopian hotel scheme." The city editor wheeled in his chair. "Your what?" be cried. "Just what I said, sir. Wilt you please direct me to sanctum of the financial edi tor?" The city editor was becoming interested. "Won't I do?" he asked. "If you choose to," was the epigram matic reply. "Go on with your Idea. Wait a minute, take that chair behind you." The man sat down. He placed a pointed elbow on the desk and supported his head as he talked. "I need not tell you who' I am," he be gan, "save that I am well known In the West. For a long time I was proprietor of the Red Dog Hotel and Caffy in Tomb stone, Ariz. I learned while acting in that capacity that not one hotel In America is run on the right principle. My guests told me on innumerable occasions now ho tels ought to be run, so I quit the business to think it all over. That was three years ago. During this period, I have done noth ing but think. Now my plan is to establish a hotel in a certain large Western city that shall be nameless for the time being, run just as guests would like to see it run. I have put in many nights, sleepless and troubled, worrying over a plan of eon duct for this hostelry of mine. I make myself clear, do I?" "Yes, go on." The city editor bored holes in the blotter with his pencil. "Well, I have drawn up a little list of the advantages of such a hotel and all I am seeking now is capital to interest itself in the erection of the structure." I shall manage it myself, and take in payment a living salary and a certain small share ot the stock." "Have you the list of advantages with you?" asked the city editor. The man reached ino an inner pocket and drew out a. torn piece of paper cover ed with writing done in a fine, precise hand. "Here is the list," he said. "And yen are sure you are interesed?" "Of course I'm interested," said the city editor. "Then, possibly," said the man, "you will have a little article in in the morning explaining my idea and print beneath it these advantages. Will you?" The editor thought he saw a good story and promised forthwith. So what has been written is tbe expla nation. Now here are the advantages of the un known's theoretical hotel, duly set forth as written by him on a torn sheet of paper: "This hotel will be built and arranged for the special comfort and convenience of the traveling public. "On arrival each guest will be asked how bretto, buttonhole bouquets, full .dress suits, bath tablets and his hair parted in the middle. "Each guest will have the best seats in the dining-room and the best waiter in the house. "Any guest not getting his or her break fast red-hot, or experiencing a delay of sixteen seconds after giving his order for dinner, will please mention the fact at the manager's office and the cooks and waiters will be blown from the mouth of a cannon in front of the hotel at once. "Children will be welcomed with delight, and are requested to bring hoops and hawk-eyes to bang the solid rosewood fur niture, especially provided for that pur pose, and peg tops to spin on the velvet carpets; they will be allowed to bang on the piano at all hours, fall down stairs, carry away from the table in their pock ets dessert enough to run a small family one week, and make themselves generally disagreeable as the fondest mother could desire. "Washing allowed in rooms; ladies giv ing the order to 'put me on a flat-Iron,' will be put on one at any hour of the day or night. "A discreet waiter, who belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows. Sons of Malta, Knights ot Pythias, Maccabees, and M. D. R.'s and who has never been known to tell tho truth or the time of day, will be em ployed to carry milk punches and hot tod dies to the ladies' room in the evening. "The office clerk has been carefully-selected to please everybody, and can play drawpoker, match worsteds at the store on the corner below, shake for the drinks at any hour, day or night, play billiards, is a good waltzer, can lead a German, make the fourth at euchre, amuse the children. repeat the Dreyfus trial from memory. 13 a good judge of horses, as a railway or steamboat guide is far superior to Rand, McNally's or anybody else' will flirt itb any young lady and not feel bad if he ia cut 'when pa comes down,' doesn't mind being damned any more tnan a Connecticut river, can room forty people in the best room In the house when the house is al ready full with cots in the hall, attend to the annunciator and answer questions in Latin, Greek, French. Sioux. Irish or any other polite language t the same time without turning his hair. "Dogs allowed in any room In the house. Gentlemen may drink, smoke, swear, chew, gamble, tell stories, stare at the new ar rivals, or indulge in any other innocent amusement in any part of the hotel. "The landloid will -always be glad to hear that some ether hotel is the best in the country.' "Special attention given to partle? who 'an gnc information as to how these things ur. Uone in Yewrup." STATIONERY BI THE TOM- The Supply Division ftr tha De partment of Jiistiuo. It Une the I.HMCe.nt Itn!ne-t In It Line in the CwMntry The HLxtrava KHHee f the OM Syttem bhi! t,h InauKuratlOR of n Kifrni That? IIhh Ile.Hultetl in Saving 3Iohvj. As a reqaMUoB clerk la the Interior Ot pertinent opened a letter from the Weat the other day. he remarked: "Here we fev a request for stationery tor a Unhed States district attorney in the Indian country. 8 is a new man, and has not yet leaned tfces, although we furnish everything kind to the Indiana, the DepanicM of Jus tice is the proper place to pwejisa ah e tkraery. I will transfen this wiwm Um Attorney General's otto, awi, s ihuihs,. this applicant will obtate more imllnlfn stationery there than he would tnm tfcte oince." In connection with all the great oeptt-- ments and the larger bureaus at Wasktag ton there are stationery divisions, soma ec them of such magnitude that separate warehouses are used for the $sods nv stack and Government truckmen, laborers, aa vehicles to a considerable number are caa stantly employed la moving this material -from place to place about the city. One of the largest aad most interesUag stationery stores is in connection with that Department of Justice. It supplies mm$ United States Court and judicial braadi e the Government with pens, pencils, paper. ink and other stationery, and does the larg est business in this line in the country. Th stationery division of the department fcr temporarily located in the Old Corcoraa Art Gallery Building, corner of Sevanteenthv Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, but great stores are always housed near the ralliaa depots for convenience in shipment. "Some years ago." said one of ike eaa todians of this stationery division, "we supplied only the wants of the department here at Washington. At that time tka United States Judiciary judges. cUrks courts, marshals, district attorneys, aadi other officials throughout the country' purchased such supplies from the store tat their cities and sent to Washington these accounts for settlement. We were tkea compelled by this method to pay the retaft price for everything. More frequently ex orbitant prices were paid. As the Govern ment expanded and its clerical forces grew, the extravagance of the system rxcaata enormous, and it was resolved that that condition of affairs most cease. So tha officials set about to make another aew departure, by which not only hundreds thousands of dollars have been saved, baa which, it is said, actually forced a laraa number of retail stationery firms in this and other cities out of business Bram that depended more on the patronage from the Government than that ot tbe general public. "Everything in the stationery line is now purchased at wholesale prices, gen eral ly from the manufactories. Bach year we advertise for bids, and usually the low est bidder gets the contract to supply as' for the year. Every branch or official at this department throughout the country now makes requisition and receives Ms supplies from Washington, often by mat!. at small cost to the Government for trans portation. We carry between six aad eight thousand dollars' worth of stock at all times, and sometimes it will ma up to ?1V 000. The assortment comprises nearly ev ery variety to suit tbe capricious as well as the ordinary consumer. Sometimes car tain 'patrons' want a peculiar pencil, a strange ink, an extraordinary kind of pea, or an unusual style of paper. "As we try to please all, perhaps aur stock is the most varied in the country. People, you know, will differ in their ideas of stationery, as well as in other things JS common use. They are often very particu lar in getting what they want, and to sat isfy this class we carry a limited stock aCtl certain goods never requested by othecaw A certain judge in the District of Columbia is a great fancier of lead pencils, aaaV while sitting on the bench listening to ar guments, he has been noticed to roll be tween his fingers half a doaen of them at a time, seeming to occasionally study tkdr quality and construction." A BLIND FOX-HUMTES. Often Follow His IIohhUm Alnc AiHonji Kentucky CHff. (From the Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle.) A Kentucky correspondent says: "Hesar this place, among the cliffs of Jessamata county, is the modest home of "Tear Johnson. Since early youth Johnson has been blind, but notwithstanding this fact he is one of the most enthusiastic fax hunters in the State. Often he follows hfe hounds alone among the Kentucky Rfrrer cliffs eninr aL a salloo that one with keen vision would not dare imitate, ana al though he has been doing tha for maay years he has never met with accident- K knvw& pvert nook and crook in the cttfJn, and when he comes to a very dangeroas point he dismounts, lanes noia or s horse's tail, and the animal guides aim to safety. "A short time ago a party of Burners from Madison and Garrard counties eases here and with the local hunters spent sev eral nights chasing the fox. Johnson was with them, and on tbe second night they inot their hearings, became separated, aad none of them, except Johnson, was able to make his way out of the clIUs tnat ntgac xho fniirtwine dav three of the hunter came together at Wolfs Point. Much ap prehension was felt for tne sarety 01 taa Minri man and thev decided to so to his home, several miles away, to learn ot turn. They did so and found him seated on taa veranda playing the violin. "Tnhnuin nwns 4AVPral fine hOUndS. aBdi frequently trades dogs, aad gets the beat of it about as often as he is worsted, b possessing the wonderful ability of telling by touch the animal's good qualities, tha color of the coat, and tho number of spslp. on the body, and he can always tea aa iim-s fmm the others bv feeling them. Years ago Philip Harrison, an old hunter, died in this county, and in bis will he be queathed his fox-horn to Col. Jack China, of Harrodsburg. A few weeks ago Johnson rode over to Colonel Chinn's, and the bora was shown to him. He had hardly taken it in his hands when he exclaimed: 'Way, this is Phil Harrison's old horn, and I haven't seen it before in twenty-five years. "It was Johnson who solved the 'phantom fnv' mrsicrv that for manv months soz zled the hunters of this and other counties. Week in and week out this lox lea tae dogs a merry dance, but each night, after running the dogs nearly to death, its traf would be lost in the Moe-grass pasture in the Poor Xeck neigh borhood. Johnson heard ot Ms and sent word that he wanted to hunt the phantom, so a hunt was arranged. On the appointed day hunters from Sa1 rard. Boyle. Lincoln. Madison. Washing ton, and Anderson eounties congregate near Eebenezer Church, with the pick af their pack3. determined to give tbe aaaa tom the run of his life. "Reynard was jumped at 8 o'clock at night, and after traversing many miles af country, with tbe dogs in hoc pursuit, a reached the pasture at 12 o'clock, aad. there, as before, his trail vanished. Joker son, mounted on a fine saddle-horse, wet the chase, and reaching tho pasture he heard the tinkling of several bells, aad was told that a flock of fifty sheep were grazing in the same pasture. That ex plains it.' exclaimed the sightless John son, 'you wiil find ilr. Fbx upon the h..ir nf an of three sheen.' And sack proved to be the case. Upon becoastajE tired the sly animal would strike far the. pasture, mount the back of one of tbe Cotswolds. and take a ride, thus banting the Luntera."