Newspaper Page Text
THE TIMES, WASHINGTON, SGXDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1899.
Cnlinii Reconstruction. m33m New -Born Cuba," by Franklin Mwttteews. is a record of the first sixty toye of American occupation of the island ITbe situation was a unique one and it is -well that it should be described fully and faithfully. More than one book is likely lo be written on this subject, and that of 3ir. Matthews is the first one of anv prominence. It is fully illustrated, and there are nearl four hundred pages of it. The author begins with Havana as tt was Wider American military rale According to hie observations, one month after Amer ican occupation of the city began it was cteaa. He believes that General Ludlow proved himself a thoroughly capable and efficient officer Then he passes tp Ma tansae, and in this chanter there is. a pret ty hit of description which is vrcrtn quot ing: Three days after the reporter rescind the men: of tbe Jofmetown flood one of them Xmcau his eutt. "The docs are harking acun in Johns town," meaning that normal coudttions were J leternfac So 1 aright ssj of Cuba, tbe iHren i ware teogbiag and playing attain. Use could hear J then- shout everywhere On I he ttreets and ansa amees it was "One strike." "Fool," Third i base Sttde, as they plaed baseball lunous ly &od n&d American terms exlusiieli At Might, in ie plaza of the city. tbei placed the OaWta cbk ii ring around a rosy to th music of American mihUrr bandj It te one of the commonest aghtt in Mataraag to see an Ainen can ealdier trailing through the stretts with two or three children, perhaps one perolud on his ffeonlders, trading English for Spanish words. She Spanish, soldiers struck the children me of them the Spaniards manned out of pure wantonness. The American sold o-s coddled them, played with them, and ci-riwLere iou went It was "Cood by," meaning How do ion dor from the lips of the children when they -reeogniBcd yen to be an Amenum. and vour hand stole into jour pocket for i anus in steoclfoely. The book, being merelj a collection of newspaper letters, makes no attempt at arrangement by topics, and after some Stories of Spanish cruelty, quite as iiorn nte as anything in the reports which helped ie bring about the war, tbe subject of sanitation in Havana is aeain considered I From tbe author's description of the sam ary, or rather unsanitary conditions un der which the city has existed for nearly three hundred years, it would seem that it was almost worth while to have a war for the. sake of cleaning out this plague-spot to the south of us. This state of things hae been described more than once, but there is s. conciseness and a fervor about Mr Mat thews description which may make it "worth quoting' PmiuUr tbe neatest sunwise that thousands of pewns found, when Otv flocked to Havana j IB aae are. entry naye ot American conuw, was fiets streets. On bright cunahinv days fiiey seemed cleaner than New Yoii. street. On ratty das the were not so clean as the rtrect of Xew lot, in wet weather The reiwm was that there te no foundation for the paving Stones in the streets of Havana, it'll -n hard irsfflc Jolt over the Hjuare. uratainlv paving eUees of the city on a. rainy day, the black rawd. pokoned with the ttltii and disease germs of decades, and even centuries, exudes between jM stanea, and the streets become black with dirt, just a. trine blacker and thicker than the bteek mud of lower 2ew ork streets when Ftvect-cieasing becomes latgeiv a matter of poll ties that is. part of the came of getting mwey oat of a public treasury without giving an cquiv alent. The ram over and th m shining, Hav asa'e streets under American mill arv ru'e were ss dean as tfaoce of anv atv in t1- United States. When tkr Americans took actual chartre of tb city, however, the streets were Blthv Dead am reals abounded, garbage was f-oeountered eierr where, gutters were foul, and open mouths of Eewers naming into the ocenn or into the harbor ) wene reewng .vauwatinr oocrs niieo mic air, cad the condition of the public buildings was Each that the Amen-an Armv oncers nracticanv refused to oeeupv them To illustrate th fright ful oooditton of V public buUdingf. let me ear that in one of the rooms of the Facts Castle, oocatrd by the civil puard. and in the group of pubSc bnttdtags of which the captain general's palace wis the chief, tle bodies of no lets than fifteen dead etts and dogs were found Tfceoe rulmilr bad not died of atarvatinn Tbev had rttayd into this room in the search for focd and had died of die fool atmosphere V candle won d nut .burn in the place Thirty two caKloads oi Sfat were taken frwi tbe palace of tbe jtovernor at Havana provner Tbe condition oi the cap Uim general's palace was such that funeral Xraokr would not occupy it, and h went out 1 a suburb called Vedade. comes a chapter on "Hcncst-CuE- lasns Service in Havana " In this there is rtber an amusing account of something which happened within the first six weeks of the sew management The editor of a mall newspaper wrote a blackmailing letter to one of tbe employes of the custom bouse, who carried the letter to Colonel Bliss, Collector of Customs Colonel Bliss gave out a general assurance that nobody seed fear dismissal without just reason, and cixmmoncd the blackmailer to his office, where there was a stormy interview Af ter the interview Co'onel Bliss received a letter from tbe blackmailer, who seemed to be unconscious that he bad done an . thing wrong, and insisted that his victim pay him what he seemed to consider a just debt He said Some tears ago I used to publish all the proceed SUBS of the cadi, and Mr came to me implor ing asy silence He- promised spontaneously to pay twelve subscription every month for tbe Ujaiar he could keep hw emplorment, and that U he amount I claim trom him, because be is in dented to me for three or four months. The naivete of this is rather amusing, hot It shews the condition of things in tbe government of the Spanish colonies In the chapter on "Tbe New Postal Service" it Is stated that under the old postal sys tem the letter carriers used to receive their pay by charging from 3 to cents, Bonettmee more, for ever letter they de ftvered. e chapter on "Americans in Cuba" is one of the most interesting It was to be 6Hpeeted that after tbe war Americans would flock to the island with all sorts of Instill fas enterprises, and that was what happened Some of these schemes were Euecessful but more were cot. and this afc&pter Is full of picturesque incidents It may be well to quote a fe paragraphs which give fragmentary pictures of Cuba lost alter peace was declared 6oon there arrived tbe Iranchise-ceekers, the ulrriisaaiiltiin. the adventurers in business, willing lo take bokl of "any old thing" for the sake of ifc48aff oat apain. a few gamblers and croek, jucb of limited means, hoping to get prontable ijahs m tbe work of regenerating the place on American ideas, some omce-aeekers with more or Jew haay "polks" in Washington and eUrwbere. taswisw of all Mrtc, merchants of small capital TnUialmi. to open retail shops, and, bv no means least of all. the agents of American breweries, who past led Havana from one end to the other with Uthographtd advertisements of American beer gtvmg the Cubans warped and exaggerated idea of AiMricat a a nation of hard drinkers This second army of American occupation was always seen to the best advantage at night, in sad aiuinid Central Park in Havana Its mem bene ailed the cafe crowded tbe atdewalka, pa trwis-d tbe cabs extensrveiv, filled tbe theatres that were running, and caused a babel of voices " ia the centre of the town, in which more English wands than fipanWi could be heard as one passed "slang. Most of thor Americans had serious faces Their money was being used up everv dav, and there was little certainti that any adequate re turn would result from their work. They sa anted one another at night, and asked how they weae getting on, and the commonest expression to he heard was "1 think I'll go home next week " Many men in Havana looking for business open hags seemed to be inspired bv over sealonsness. I remember one man who was always on the lump, sad who was continually working over a lot of ffcUKs whenever he sat down. 1 was told that :hr ww from Michigan, and that he wanted to in troduce Grand Kapids furniture on the island. Anyone who studied the ways of tbe Cuban people, and observed how devoted thej are to the four rocking chairs that face four other rocking shall a smroas a rug in the parlor of mry house, 4Mdd Me what a dnhcnlt task that American xgaot bid. Tbe Oufaans get maboganv for their farafture, and tbe pieces are of a most solid and aabztaatial nature Thete is no such thing as phust or velvet in common use on furniture, and the American scent was somewhat discouraged iowesd tbe end of his stay There were climatic InOssneM ef a forbidding nature against tbe in traduction of ordinary tmericau furniture. Perhaps it is just as well that the style of art prevalent in some American furol twra establishments will not be Introduced at once into Havana The condition of affairs In tbe various srorincea Is taken up in successive chapteis, followed by an account of ' American Soldiers in Cuba " In this there are two or three picturesque anec dotes, showing the rough-and-readj char acter of the American private soldier, and his inclination to make himself useful wherever he mi happen to be Here are to of them 1 made friends with two artillerymen oft dutj in the first Sundav ol the carnita1 We wire seated en a beech on the Prado promenade watch ing tin riion Suddenh one of the noldiers leap ed fioni the bench sprang out into the street, and rcMurd a chid fiom under an uncontrollable hor- s feet I-ite n-inuteb later he dashed away a;.atn An old man had fallen in a liwj spell and had frattuud his skull The soldier carried the man out of the crowd in his arms and aw that lie recened medical attention He was gone half an hour letter m the da I met him nearly exhausted and mopping his brow "u see, it was this wai," be explained Juw after ou left us, a little hoi was ran oier He was unconscious I picked him up and learn ed that his home waf on) a b'oek ana down a side street I tamed him home, and when his mother raw the boi she fainted. The boi's fath is was usrless. 1 put the bo down, and by motion; told the father to loosen his wife's, dress at the neck and dash some water in her face He went ahno-4 into hvstenes. lit paid no attention to the boi but knelt be-dc his wife, bejran to caress her. prai oier her, and lament things generalli mi would have thought she was dead or dimg riii I to'd him to loosen her dress, and showed him what I wanted I called for water He jurt kept on bellowing I told him to pel out. He wouldn't moie. Ahat do iou Kip poc 1 did? I jut took him In tht collar and the trousers and pitched him clear into the middle of the Mi-ret, and hut the door and locked it I loosened the woman's dress milf, got some water, and brought her around In ten minutes she was csnng for the bo I don't think he'll live W hen 1 came out 1 saw that whelp of a lather, and I simph chased him out of Mht. I should like to haie given him a thrashing I have been haung a lively time, considering that I am off duti " That man wa sunpli an ordinary Vnvrican sol dier who did thiugn whenever he thought that it was neer-ari for some one to jump in and do them His companion told me of an episode in which he had figured onli the dai before The sol diers had orders to p-cvent crue'tj to animals, and especial h to the little mules that draw the in mens? drav about the streets of Uaiana The sight of one of these little animals struggling with a load wb'ch in our own countri would require at least two horses to pull is alout the most irritat nur sight in liaiana, Inrring the cruel wai the ox team are loked This soldier saw the drncr of one of these carts goading a little mule that could srarce'i stind up into triing to pull eight large tasks of iwdajses through the street The soldier stopped tiie dmer and told him to take off part of hi load The dmer pretended not to understand. The mildier made motion that could not be misunderstood The driver refused to obev and declined to set off his cart The ex aperaied soldier pulled him from his seat The driier climbed back, and again he was pulled down Again he climbed lack, and was pulled down, and then lie came at the soldier in a fu nous rage and struck at him That was enough, the butt of a tnu&et whisked through the air and the dmer lav prostrate on the giound with a gash in his head The wildirr was at lit.- suit in an inrtani and to ins relief found that the ddver was not hurt bad!v The man was on wed completely and stood In meeklj as the soldier climbed into th cart and began rolling the casks out One oj them was splintered in the fall and most of the molasses was lost Tbe sol dier went on until ail the caks were on the ground but two, and then he told the dmer to ! go on He mad (hat man ccm back and take two bocrtieade each time until the load was all carted awai, and then he reftorted to hit superior 1 otfk-er and received commendation. J A peculiar case of what might he ca'led j unconscious moral suasion happened in Cicnfuegos, and it has a funny side. This j ie tbe stofj J It wae down in Clenfuegos that an Ohio regi I roent was under probabli the ttierett stress of j any that occupied a Cuban citj before the Span j urcU went home denfuegos was the last pUec i evacuated bv bpanish troojis. There were JO.OOO j oj litem in uim town wnen me uko men arrieu The Cuban trooi moved in jlso and Spaniard.', Ouitans, and the United btstes forces each es tablished a patrol in tbe streets, and the lines lapped oier 1 very Spanish soldier had his car triage belt filled and be earned a Mauir Tbe Ohio men had about a dozen cartridges to a nun, and tbei had SprbigffcJcfe For the first twenti four hours our soldiers were in a desperate frame of mind Their officers could not per suadc them that there would be no conflict They made up their mlmis'that if a fight came thti would sell their lives dearlv Fltialli the tension became too seiere fir one of the Ohio bovs In some mysterious way lie had secured a quantity of liquid that was not good for hun His steps did not show what he had swallowed, and he went on bis pa trol with a, determination to whip the entire Spanish arm if necessan He was simply spoiling for a fight. The Spanish soldiers did not commit any overt act in his presence, and he was at a loss how to teach them jl lesson Finally be decided that it had to be done, and that the credit and reputation of the American army as a fighting force rested upon him He swaggered around, and put on airs. The Spaniards refused to le insulted, and when he could endure the situation no longer, liia eye lighted on a glass insulator at the top of a telephone pole He raised his nHe to ins frhoulder The Spaniard? tightened thir grip on their weapons He pointed lu gun at the insulator and fired riiere was a com motion on the street, but the insulator was broken to bits The Ohio man tossed his head to one side, raised his gun, and fired aain Anotber intsilatcr went to bus Ths lolun teer was in high featlier, and brought down a third insulator He had done his duty, and he went on about his patrol, relieied unci proud that he had shown the Spaniards what a I mted States soldier could do The effect upon tbe Spanish soldiers was elec trie After they were sure that there was no danger of being shot, they dashed to the foot of the pole, picked up the pieces of broken glasF, and kept them jb mementos Tht cien took the pieces to Spam with them as somonirs of the manelous .shooting of the American soldier The news spread rapidh, and although it is not over creditable m all its aspects to our troops, that incident was powerful in rclieiing the strain m Clenfuegos" Our troop were without food The Spanish foldiers, resfecting men who could shoot like that drunken soldier, generous! offered part of their food to our laib, and soon they were fast friends, and so remained until the transports sailed sujv to bpuin with the last of their forces ever to serve on Cuban soil Then follows an account of the arIous industries of Cuba, and in the pages deal ing with the tobacco business there Is re corded a curious custom which preiails In the Haiana cigar factories The cigar makers hire readers to read alouu to their workmen during about three hours of the day in two sessions of an hour an a half each A part of this time Is glen to news paper reading and the rest to pure litera ture, generally of a high order Tin read er is selected by competithe examination, and each workman pays a smalt sum to ward his support Now and then there has been an attempt to stop the readings, but this always bnngb on a atrire Mr. Matthews' book is sketchy and un conventional in style and makes no pre tense to being comprehenslie, but it con tains a great deal of interesting material, moat of which is practically new to tho public (New York Harper & Bros $2 50 ) The Hrontc Kuiiitty. "Charlotte Bronte at Home." Is the latest book of literary reminiscences by Marlon Hariand It is written with that peculiar combination of anecdote, chronicle, character-study and description which makes a book of this sort fascinating, and it can not fall to interest those v.ho haie de lighted in "Jane Eyre" and Shirley," or who are interested in the literary life of the last half-century This strange, shy, brilliant woman-genius is one of the unique figures of the history of English literature The house in which CuRrlottte Bronte spent her childhood was a dreary little place It 1b not to be wondered at that the sombre atmosphere of Haworth Parson age got into the books of its children The chapter devoted to the home life of the Bronte family opens with the following paragraphs Ilaworth Parsonage, as all the reading world knows, stands upon higher ground than the church A tiny dooryard u in front, divided from the burying ground by a brick wa'l Behind are fields sloping upward to t'ie rolling moors The graveyard lies upon the front and one end of the dwelling, sod, on the upper gable end, is ktghcr than the hoiwc ground.-, suggesting grcwome thoughts as to the juabty of the water drained into the well for cooking and drinking purposes There are four rooms upon the first floor with a central hall The apartment at the right of Ilia front door was asjjgned at once to Mr DronU as a study Hack of it, but with no communicat ing door, wan the kitchen It had one window, ard a rear doir giiing upon the yard Opposite the at dy was the parlor This wus tliu family eating room, and thev bad no other place in which to receive visitors. Next to this and atroa the hall from .the kitchen, was a storeroom Mr. Hronte's bedchamber was directly aboie the study, and as declimrc health soon compelled his wife to have a separate 'lecping room, she took that ovtr the parlor A grianU domitory aboie tho storeroom could be wannnl by a grate, if necemin The nuriry was cut cfl from the upper front hall The solitary window looKcd upon the graveyard and the church There was neither fireplace nor stove in it The winter's chill and the spring dampness must have got into the stone wall and the flagged flooring, and lingered there until luli suns baked the houe to ith heart That vv,is nut a luxurious age and the children were AorMnre Item, let we cannot hear without a shudder that the six little things had no other plavroom tlian this that thev ?pent hours of even dav, and mest of even stornu day here, bu-v with their books and the games miented bv themselves Thev had no tois, and no play fellows outsiih the parsonage Mrs Tcrhune then goes on to tell of the children's daily life Porridge and milk, bread and butter, made up their morning meal and comersatlon at the ta ble was discouraged The windows of the dming-rocm looked out on the graicyard After bteakfast the children had their les sons with their father, and vere then committed to their nurse for sewing les bons In the afternoon they went for a walk Their father seems to have been a reseneel and melanchol but gentle-na-tured man and it ib recorded that his wife "had no fear of him ' and that he never gave her an angry word Perhaps the toy less life of tho children stimulated their imagination Not one of the girls ever had a doll, but they enacted all sorts of dramas among themselves At, they grew up they were taught houeke p ing in all its branches, and made all their own clothing Then, as time went on, they were sent to the "half -charity" school where the tuition was ?1S0 a year, the fare mean, and the educational sys tem poor Why is it that In boarding schools such an immense amount of money is charged for indifferent accommodations' After the experience at school, of which Maria, the eldest sister, died, the family lived at home, busied with their own quaint concerns The children seem to have amused themselves in all sorts of quiet but unusual ways The "Young Men's Magazine," In bis. numbers, was printed with the pen, by Charlotte, and itb subscribers were her two sisters and her brother nobody else A later chaptei describes Charlotte's ex periences as a governess Then follows tho story of the family troubles, familiar to the reading public, of the escapade-, of Branwell and the death of the father One of the chapters which will be most gen erally interesting is that on Charlotte's first success as a writer Most peop c have heard how she came to her father, after "Jane Eyie' had appeared, with the book and a bundle of press notices, and remark ed diffidently, "Papa, I've been writing a book He said ho v. as afraid that if he tried to read it her minute handwriting would try his ejes She told htm it was minted Then he began to worry about the expense and probable failure of a book by an obscure writer, and she gave him book and criticisms and slipped away (The path of the literary woman In the forties, Mas not a particularly easy one ) Subsequently the family oracle appeared in the parlor, and standing over the plainly laid tea table, exclaimed Girls, do iou know Charlotte lias been writing a book, jnd it is much better than likely ? The queer little incident which followed the success of ' Jane Eyre" is, perhaps, not so well known The critics thought that the three pen names, .Currer Ellis, and Acton Bell, were but masks for the Identity of one and the same person, and in the sin gleness of their integrity the sistera con sidered this a slur upon their veracity So Charlotte and Anne set out for London at once, two quaint little figures The expe rience they had is Morthiipubltihlng i, i Dre sul for the eventful journey, Charlotte and nm sat down to aft cany tei, eating lit tie, as we ran imagine, and then began the four mile walk in good season to catch the night tram A heavi 'howcr wet them to the tvin on the road, but they pressed on Dfiinu Hon of eha-icur wag too serious a peril fo them to mind trifles when bent up n self justifkalun They went straight from the Chapter Coffee House (where, odd as it mtey ettm, they elected to lodfee because their father used to put up there as a young man) to Smith L Kldtr's Cornhill office, amazing the senior part ner by presenting the letter he had sent to 'Currer IJcll " Lp to now he and Mr. Mil Iiams had writtfi to their auther as a man The publisher turned It over in Ills hahd, and looked bewildertd from his own handwriting to the quaint little women' sWndinjf Side" By side at the full height of pieir smaj) .stature "Where cud vou get this?" he asked, natu ralli Charlotte was spokeswoman, intro ducing herself as ' Ourrir Bell," her companion as ' Vcton " In his delight at the 'ohiti n of more than one vexed question, Mr Smith would have called together a coterie of literary people at his house to meet the unmasked 6eTebnfies, but the visitors would not consent They would retain their incognita to everybody in London but himself and his partners. After an hour's chat, thev trudged back to their quaint quar ters, never noticing that they were the only women in the house The book is fully illustrated, and will be a 'valuable addition to any reference library. (New York G. P. Putnam's Sons ?2 50) Knilnny Ilomiiiicc. Three or four books of railway stories have come out within as many years, and the best of them all in some respects is "Stories of the Railroad," by John A Hill Mr Hill was formerly a locomotive engi neer on the llio Grande road, and his "yarns" have the realism which can come only from thorough knowledge of one's ground, while they are full of an imagina tion and power which prove the born story teller The technical phrases are not so abundant as to make the story unintelligi ble to the outsider, but at the same time there are enough of them to give plenty of local color There are nine of the tales, two o- three exceptionally good, the others of great merit, and suffering only by comparison with the authors own best work Per haps the most original and striking is "My Lady of the Eyes," and the most pathetls and captivating "Jim "Wain Wright's Kid " "The Polar Zone" is a weird creation, a little out of the regular line of the au thor's v ork, and ' The Clean Man and the Dirty Angels" Is the queer title of the best character sketch in the volume "A Peg-Legged Romance" is the only one of the stories with a strong vein of hutror The main Interest of them all may be said to be the love-interest human cicot on in some form or other, generally that of love between man and woman In the early days of the railway sentimental people used to think that there could be few pos sibilities for the story-teller in this sooty, grimy, numbered monster run on sched ule time, but it seems to bo Mr Hill's mission to show how ' Romance brought up the nine-fifteen " Next to what the theatrical press pgent would call "heart interest," the most sa lient quality of this book is its oddity of plot and incident This Is shown In almost all the tales In 'Jim Walnw right b Kid" we have the story of a young engineer a little rough of tongue, perhaps but a clean-souled, chivalrous, and manly Amei ican mechanic and the curious relations which existed between him and his fire man, who was not a man at all but an ad venturous, plucky, and intelligent joung girl, who In a spirit of pure daring, had disguised herself as a man and applied for a pc-bition on a newly constructed engine She was the ' Kid " Her father had brought her up In a machine shop she had worked in the factory where the now engine was built and was familiar with every part of It, so that she easily carried out her plan, and not even her companion suspected the truth for a time, others never found it out There are two or three things about this story which are peculiarly American The bringing up of the girl In a free, untram meled atmosphere is one, another Is tho character of the hero, who, like the aver age decent young American, will protect a weaker comrade as readily as he would shield a woman When the identity of tho "Kid" is finally discovered the romance be gins, and the two are finally married "My Lady of the Byes" has a touch of mysticism In It, of a very original kind As for the style of the book, from a litera ry point of lcvv It Is rather rough Here and thero are conventional phrases which jar on one Tho ex-engineer sticks out all over It Many of tho paragraphs sound as if they might have been written by the secretary of the Amalgamated Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. They have the semi-stilted phraseology of the committee on resolutions But, alter all, that does not hurt them for the purposes of this story -teller. The stories are good enough to be told in almost anv form (New York: Doubleday &. McClure Company. ?1 30.) Minor Fiction. "Arms and the Woman," by Harold Mac Grath, is a story of a princess, or rather two princesses, and two Americans, told in a style which is n little like that of An thony Hope, though the time is the pres ent and the atmosphere that of reality In stead of that half-shndowy fairyland In which the 'Prisoner of Zenda" moved The heorine, Princess Hildcgtrde, is a charm lug woman, though slightly indefinite at times, and the hero is rather conventionally brave and manly The man who takes the strongest hold upon one fancy is Dan Hlllars, the London correspondent of an American newspaper who first falls in lovo with Hildegarde, and is placed by her in a somewhat extraordinary situation An other admirably drawn character is the princess' intended husband, Prince Ernst, a finished old profligate, from whom she is, of course, rescued in due time There are two or three stliring chapters, notably that in which the princess fights a duel for the sake of her lover, and that In which hor lover finds out that there are two princesses In stead of one, and that owing to this fact Hildegarde may yet be his The plot Is somewhat intricate but not distrebSingly so (New York Doubleday &. McClure Company ?1 25 ) "The Heiress of the Season" is a new novel by Sir William Magnay, Bar , author of "The Pilde of Life, ' and some other books People who like to read books writ ten by a titled person will enjoy this, and those who care nothing for th-U addi tion to the title-page will have the satisfac tion of discovering that a man can write a very passable story and also be u baronet The story concerns the adventures of u spirited and beautiful young girl, daughter of a quiet country squire, who, owing to the sudden acquisition of a fortune, be comes "the heiress of the season," and re news her acquaintance with a brilliant young political leader named Charleroy. whom she has met very informally at home A pretty love-story immediately begins, complicated by various political and social intrigues, not of a very weignty kind, but deep enough to be interesting There aic accurate and vivid pictures of London society, with its well-known habitues, ami most of these folk contrabt forclblv with the charming, spirited freshnesb of the heroine and the real vigor of character possessed by Charleroy. It is a good book for an idle hour on a rainy day or a rail way train (New York D Appleton &. Co $100) e "Dionystus the Weaver's Heart's Dear est" is the some.vhat elaborate title of Blanche Willis Howard's last book Like "Seven on the Highway," it is a story of life on the Continent, the scene being laid in the land 'between the Danube and the Neckar, in the hamlet of Hexenfels," in the bleak hill countrv known as the Rough Alp Vroni Lindl.uhe heroine, Is a child of the mountains, straightforward, willful, wayward, ' and delightful, developing into 'a strong and beau tiful woman In this story the author shows tho same indepenaence of thought and purity of motive which was evident in what is perhaps her best work, "The Open Door. The quaint mountain dialect is reproduced in a way which adds an indescribable charm to the story Tiie postman "Tiber," is in some ways a rep etition of Bernhard Dietz, the big-hearted, big-ouled stonecutter of the earlier book But there Is nobody like Vronl In any bock, either by this author or another. She is unique, and she is the kind of chaiacter who could have been created onlv Ly a woman novelist (New York Charles Scribner's Sons $1.50,) LITERARY NOTES. George Ade, author of "Artie," "PIn'c Marsh," and "Doc Harris," was born in 1866 at Kentland, Ind , the sort of the town, banker There he had an ordinary town boy's schooling but he derived from it more than the ordinary boy can possibly acquire Later he went through Pardue University In Lafayette, Ind , and there he made the valuable acquaintance of Mr John T McCutcheon, with whom he has since been closely associated After leav ing college, Mr Ade's Interest in jourahsm took him Into the office of a country paper where he acted as reporter and man of all work, filling any position which happened to bo vacant for the moment, from office boy to managing editor This fall he will bring out a book called "Fables in Slang," which Is quite different from anything he has yet achieved. Noth ing could be more up-to-date in the ordi nary city life than the peculiar logic and moralizing of these little tales With such qualities thev combine a curious sort ot quaintness, v hich makes the large type and capitalizing, and the formal and conven tionalized Illustrations b Mr Clyde J Newman extremely appropriate Hugh Thomson, the illustratoi of Jane Austen, has drawn seventy illustrations for the edition of Charles Reade s ' Peg Woffington," which tho Doubleday &. Mc Clure Company will publish These are all In the delicate line work which Mr Thomson has made practically his own, and when coupled with Reade's delightful picture of early theatrical life in London, when Gar rick, Barry Colley Cibber, and Kitty Clivo .sere among those v.ho gathered about the Immortal "Wellington, they come with pro jounced interest for the lover of t,ood editions At last we are to learn of the late Span ish war from the standpoint ot the regu lar Hitherto he has been content to let the volunteers and the reporters write the books, while he attended to the serious business of the moment the fighting Tho regular who has now turned his experi ences Into a book Is Mr Karl Stephen Herrman late private Light Battery D, Fifth United States Artillery and his book, "From Yauco to Las Marias Being a Story of the Recent Campaign in Western Pu erto Rico by tho Independent Regular Bii gadc, Under Command ot Brlgadlei Gen eral Schwan," Is announced for Immediate publication by Messrs Badger A notable feature of the -book is forty full-page il lustrations William Vckolson whose bold portraits of celebrities are so well known, has made another collection of drawings under the title of "The Squnre Book of Animals," published by R H Russell These pic tures are as striking as anything Mr Nich olson has yet done The subjects are do mestic animals, including a duclc, a hen, a colt, a goat, etc Recently Miss Pamela Colnian Smith, the color Illustrator was visiting Rev S Bar ing Gould at his Devonshire home, and there met Sir Henry Irving The greatest English-speaking actor was so Impressed with tho originality of her work that he asked her to design a poster for his use in America, using the quaint color scheme which has brought her early distinction Miss Smith a greatest enthusiasm is per haps for illustrating tho best of the old English ballads nnd folk songs, using the songs mainly us a suggestion for studies of tho country and sea life in and about early England In her hands these be come more than illustrations They take rank as remarkably unique and accurate studies of an "atmosphere" all but lost to the England of todav They aro free and fanciful in conception and almost bold in coloring, but never grotesque. Two books, "Wlddicombo Talr" and ' Tho Golden Van ity and the Green Bed," will bo published shortly bv the Doubleday & McClure Com pany, tho first In an edition limited to 500 copies, each numbered and containing an original sketch In colors by Miss Smith They aro particularly interesting just now, as a company of English singers Is an nounced as about to produce these old ballads, singing them ir vostume and with scenery under the direction of a Mr. Pem berton. who will start them first in Bos ton. The artist's work will be reproduced by the stencil process, printed by haud, so that it wiH bo possible to realize the flavor and the full vigor of the coloring Charles Dana Gibson's travels on the Nile have found expression in a book of "Sketches in Egypt," which shows the artist in somewhat of a new light as a writer as well as an illustrator Of course tho body of tho book is taken up with drawings and a remarkably god collec tion, by tho way, full of strength and ap preciation as vv I1 as of the delicacy pe culiar to Mr Gibsoa but in addition these diawlngs are supplemented with wiitten impressions, tho most complete which he has published so far. The book which was published October 11, is especially In teresting just now, when the eyes of the civilized world have been drawn to the Upper Nile. Doubleday fi. McClure Com pany, the publishers, call special attention to the de luxe edition, to be issued later, consisting of 250 signed and numbered copies, each accompanied by a portfolio containing art proofs oi ten of the most Important pictures on Japan silk tissue and mounted on plato paper suitable for fram ing. R H Russell & Co will oon publish "Plantation Sketches," by J Campbell Phillips, a scries of drawings depicting ne gro life as It exists on the Southern plan tations While Kemble looks for what is humorous, this artist has sought for the pathetic and sentimental This is the first collection In book form of Mr. Phillips' work Mr Prank T Bullen's forthcoming book will bs entitled "The Log of a Sea-Waif." The brilliant author of ' The Cruise of tho Cachalot" and "Idyls of the Sea" presents in. this new work the continuous -jtory of the actual experiences of his first four years at sea. In graphic and picturesque phrases ho has sketched the events of voyages to the West Indies, to Bombay, and the Coromandel coast, to Melbourne and Rangoon. Nothing could bo of more absorbing Interest than this wonderfully vivid account ot foksl humanity, and the adventures and strange sights and expe liences attendant upon deep-sea voyages. It is said by those who have read the ad vance sheets that the book Is likely to prove a companion volume to our own "Two Years Before the Mast " The rb li3hers. D Appleton . Co , announce that the book will be ready almost immediately. Mr Trank Vincent's Impoitant and In structive book, "Actual Africa," has a pe culiar interest for readers at this time The author presents vivid accounts of his visits to Delagoa Bav, and to Durban in Natal, whence he traveled to Newcastle, Charles town, Johannesburg, and Pretoria Mr Vincent gives most graphic accounts of the life of the Boers and the mining and other inteiests of the Transvaanl His visit to the Transvaal was followed by a journey through the Orange Free State, where he visited the capital, Bloemfontein, and aft erward he made a careful study of the Klm berley diamond mines His journey south ward and his stay in Cape Town furnished additional facilities for a comprehensive view of the present theatre of action in Africa The results of this personal study of the territory now attracting so much attention Include many characteristic illus .trations. "Actual Africa" is published by D. Appleton & Co , who have also Issued "Oom Paul's People," by H C Hlllegas, which has been called "the true story of tho Boers." A ufilque volume of verses which has the morlii oD indicating the author's sin cerity, and speaks strongly to the enthu siast and lover of the sonnet, is "A Gar land of Sonnets" (in praise of the poets), by Craven Langstroth Belts The volume will be Issued by Messrs M T. Mansfield & A. Wessels, of New York, and printed from an "old-style" type on deckle-edge paper with Japan paper portrait Insets, the whole bound after the Trench manner and enclosed In a slip case. Tiio old adage about truth and fiction was justified again in the recent football game" between Harvard and Wesley an, whep EUis, the. Harvard right hr If back, made a run of thirtv-five yards and jump ed over a Wesleyan tackler's head, scoring a touchdown The same feat is described in Mr R. H Barbour's new football story, "The Halfback," and the exciting Incident is illustrated in the frontispiece of the book, which has just been published by D Appleton &. Co, The Important subject of "Food Poison ing" in its relation to health v ill be dis cussed by Prof. Victor C Vaughan, in "Appletons' Popular Science Monthly" for November He calls attention to the dan ger from poorly canned foods, especially meats Seumas MacManus. the voune Irishman who came to New York a stranger, and6! startled the editors and publishers with so early and complete a victoij as almost to discourage native writers, is the author of a volume of sketches of giants, witches, kings and fairy spells, entitled "In Chim nej Corners," to be brought out in the middle of October by Doubleday &. Mc Clure Co Thebe stories owe their charm no more to the wa In which Mr Mac Manus has caught the elusive spirit ot folk lore than to the fact that they are so delightfullj and bafflmgly Irish The book is elaborated Illustrated in color by Miss Pamela Colman Smith, who has done a re markable piece of work In getting hold of tho author's vvill-'o-the-vvlsp humor This stor is being told with great relish in Yale When Miss Caroline Hazard was installed president of Welleslej the other day Dr Hadley, of Yale, met President Eliot of Harvard "I hope you are coming to the inauguration at Yale," said Dr. Hadlej "I expect to," leplied President Eliot It suddenly occurred to President Hadley that as President Eliot had received his degree of LL D from Yale the Harvard president might properly appear at the in auguration as a son of Yale, so he said "I hope ou will wear jour hood of Yale blue President Eliot grasped the situation in stnntl He remembered that President Hadley had received his degree of LL D from Harvard, and he said "I'll wear mj Yale blue hood If jou'll wear jours of Harvard crimson " 'Agreed," said President Hadlej. And both kept their word ' Madnd the Spanish capital ' sajs the "Pall Mall Gazette," "has one or two pa pers which have a fair circulation, but thej cannot compare in importance, as to their influence over their ovn countrv 's population, fcith other first-class Continen tal newspapers with the best p-oductions of Uibtriu, Russia, or even Italy Of the Spanish papers probably the 'Imparclol" has the greatest sale ainought the people of Madrid but the chief paper for Influ ence amongst the better classes Is "La Epoca, which is a conservative journal of very old repute having been established foi over half a centurj 'La Epo a' has never supported anv other parti In Spain but the high Conservatives Its piesent circulation ma be taken as being about twelve thousand daily, and it is edited by the Marquis do aldiglebias who Is also one ot Its proprietors It is a lour-page journil whose columns are prlncipallj given ovci to news from Spanish sources, and its supply of foreign matter and do lugs, as we kno. them In this countrv, is but Bcanty There is generally a leading article of Importance In Its first column, and the latter half of Its fourth page is given to the "serial, ' which is as much in vogue In Spain as elsewhere on the Con tinent. Charles Scribnors' Sons announce a new book by Trances Hodgson Burnett, entitled, "The Great DeWllIoughby Claim " The DeWllloughby claim Is a claim that Is be ing fought out in Congress, and naturalli Mrs Burnett's Intimate knowledge of Washington life In Its less familiar phases is drawn upon. Tho writing of "Tho Great DeWllloughby Claim" has extended over some years, and the book Is really a cul minating one in Mrs Burnett's series of novels. CURRENT VERSE. The frightened h& of ckmda W T Trample the Mnshine down, aad caaa the day Into the duety toraC7aaoa ot Ctry - nd sombre twlHrht Hnr, and taint, and Ugh, The wild goose trails Ms- barrow, with a ay Sad as tha wail of soma poor caataway Uho aeee a vessel drifting far aetray- Of his last hope, and lays him down to-die. The chidren. rtotoun from school, grow bold And twarrel with tbe wind wboa awgry. gust Plucks otf tbe Mimwer hat and flaps Utatahl Of many a crimson cloak, and twirls the dost In antral shapra grotesque, and dims the gold Oi gleaming treses with tha Mar otnat. James WWtcomb Riley The Critic. The critic ctocd with scornful eya ilefore a picture on tbe wall; "ou call this artf Now see that By, It i not natural at alt. "It has too many legs, its head is far too large who ever srw A By 1-fce that, so limn and dead. And wings that look as if they pabawl" And with a gesture of diagust lie waved hi hand, when lo' the $y Flew irom the picture "Ah! some daat," The critic aaid, "was in my eye." Henry Uoyle. Aontli. Morn's wtyatic roe is laddening en tht MOa, uawns inteu nautilus makes glad the sea. There is a lyre of dame that throb and Ms Far heaven and earth, with hope's wild tuWp With lilicd field ami grove. Haunts of the turtle 4ov, Here in the land of Love. The chariot of the noon makes blind the blue As towards the goal hi burning axle glara.; There in t fiery trumpet thrilling through Wide heaven and ear Ik' with deeds ef one who dare With peaks of splendid name, Wrapped round with astral name. Here w the land of fame Tbe purple priesthood of the evening waits With golden poiiiu within the tempted galea; There is a harp of worship at the gates Of heaven ami earth that bid the son! arie With columned cliSs ami long Vale, music breathes among, Here is tiie land of Song. Mcon-crowned, the epic of tbe mjrht Its starry utterance o'er height and deep; There is a v ice of beauty at the souls Of heaven and earth that lulls tha heart asleep With storied woods and stream. Where marble glows and gieama Here is tbe land of Dreams. Madison Cowein. Ktei mil Me. What an exceeding rest 'twill be When I can leave off being Met To Unnk of it! at hut be rid Of all the tbrnga 1 ever did! Done with tbe varying di tress Of retroactive consciousness' Set free to feel the joy unknown Of life and lore beyond my own! W hi bouid I losg to have John Smith Ktentally to straggle with' I'm lohn but ouih w cherubim Seem quite incongruous wfth Mm. It would not seem so mieer to dwell Eternalt Jean Smith in Hell. To be one man forever eens Most 9t in purgatorial dreams. Put heaven 1 Rest and potver and peaee Must surely mean the wnil's release From thw small labeled entity This pacing limitation Me' Charlotte Perkins Steuon in the Cosmopolitan. "U Foetn. I saw them in m dreams a goodly band W ith lyre of gracious make within each band, A laurel wreath upon each shin ng head, 11 young as jouth and all fair garmented. They swept the strings beside a magic" sea That ever beat its wavea in melody Upon a shore where blooms immortal sprang Between their fet, for olaee while they ang I waked, and saw J hem in tbe light of day, A motlry crowd, for some were bent and grey. And some clothed on with raps and hollow eyed, And others limped, as they had journeyed wide. And oftenwhiles they sag when racked with pain. Or cpase of field and flower, of Love'a domain, When mured about by sad and noisome eights And lacking air and pace and May delights. i.nd let methinks I lored their motley more Than thoe dream Angers that I saw before; And jet methinks they looked of heavenly race 15 so ire strange token on their brow ami (Bee. Richard Bcrton. Hose Vdnir. 'Twas in green leafs springtime When the birds on ev'ry tree. Were urea kin' all their little hearts In a merry melody, n' the voutig buds hum? like taelg, An' the flowers srew everywhere 'Twas in green-feaf) springtime I first saw Knee Adair. I met her sowin mushrooms With her white feet in the grate, 'Twas eve but mornui' in the smile O, my sweet colleen dha?, An' I kissed her, oh, o ecratly, That not a one should know Bat the roguish stars tbey winked above, An' the daisies smiled below. The father in confeesion, Rose, W on t count that love a sin. That with a kiss taps at tbe heart An lete. an angel m, 'Twsa so love entered into mine, n' made his dwelhn there If that's v sin, the Ijord forgive J. our beauty, Rose Adair. The leava. will fall in the autumn, n' the flowers all come to jenei, But the green love in my heart of hearts W ill never shed a leaf. For the sunshine of jour honnie eyes Will keep it green an fahr, An' jour breath will be ita breeae o' spring, O lovelv Rose dair' Temple Bar The I.iiii nml the Ijiulj. The Law whereby mv Lady moves Was nc-er Law to me, But 'tin enough that She approve!!; Whatever Law it be For in that Law and bv that Law ily constant course I'll eer; Xot that I heed, or deem it dread. But that She holds it dear. Tho' Vsia sent for my content Her ncheet Argosies, Those woidd I (arn and bid return If that should give Her eae. With equal heart I'd watch depart bach winced ail from sight, Sans bitterne" desiring less Great 0rcar than Her delight. Yet uch am I, yea, such am I, Sore l)nd, and freest tree, The Law that sways mj Ladv's ways Is mjstery to me. Rudyard Kiphng. Illumes of u Siielllnc: Reformer. A fisherman sat on the quaj Partaking of afternoon tuay, When a ladv tame by Who winked with ooe v. Ami whispered, o sugar for tnuaj." A man waa committed to caol For stealing a tcnpeHiij naol, The judge was severe, And Kaie hun one yere. Without am option of baol. A grand old bootmaker of Hawarden Used lo pend the whole day in his gawardan When hsa irirmts akt him why He lookt up at the sky. But onlj replied, 'Beg your pawarden." It Is raid that Nathaniel I-mnne? Lived whollv on bread ami b-oad bbiennes; When invited to eat But i nioroel of meat He answered, ' Just think what it mmienne!" A thoughtful voung butcher named ilowll Had a tender and sensitive sow!!, When he slaughterrd a sheep He alwajs would weep And paj for a funeral towli. sailor, who sported a queue. Wad civil to all that he knueue, If he tame under lire He ustd to retire nd ksj, with a bow, "fter yuene." The Dowager Duke of Ruccleugh Was famous for In iHeugii, When asked, 'Do vou w Anv onions m stue" He cautiously answed, "V feugb." A groom of the royal demense W 4 the tltiest old man ever sesne; But he kept out of sight In a ditch day and maht. For fear of annoving the quesue. The amiable Commodcre Ilaijch Set sail down the channel one dilh; When asked, 'Do jou know Which direction to coi" He answered, I'm feeling my walgh." One autumn the Marquis of Stevnes Shot a partridge with infinite pevnes; Then he cried, "I'm afraid Of tht havoi 1'vl maid' See onlj one feather remevne'" Westmnster Gazette .0TES AXjQgERIBS. hr ib gfew wake rea&y a aufafctf V & It Ie a rhmrd aad baa adferHy ! "snake. What la the povulstia ol tbe Tmnnwasf jKe . public T ar About MMW; am tfer kalr ( vdm are black. ' What is tbe minimum petJtfcm nfjmmm fa establish free mail delivery in cittaa at tamif A.X. By Mia law ot 1397 Um a populAUoo of 1,M, or fottat of $lMt Tk departimmt la bow eriBff extending to syatana t towns. Were Protestants eaacerard in the OnsmB Uodicea, held ia A. . 3SST A . fk, Hardly, since Frotestaatissa aan 2m. Cornell ot LMdteca. to nacertsla mhM ptacaa mteassy Iron 3 to- 472. When did Oir tiatnet Wobwfay tak. u limit at tbelMtish iwtN te sferptt war Afca aadrU boasbankdr S. In 1M2. 2. On Jaly 11 aod IX. W. J. D. On tke aacoad ot the Treasury DeaartowM pii ttoml debt at MSM.tt7 Ta to Stt eral Cessna pot Use aggregate ot StMe. county, municipal, asd aekooi dfctorttt sWW, lesa sinking trad, at 3J3S.XlMtt. What a the nKaisnam capital stock wtta wait national banks are permitted to taganhwr ft tt. Fifty tkonaand doHara, Tfcia te dttee mi lesa than 8,00 populetioB. Bsewfcw tfc capital may not be leas than fllMM. aa to places having more than 59.M9 totwli tants the capital stock most oat Ism than $2en,C0O. la the Tmted Stairs Xavy there aia she m ponte gunboat fan yen tell me widen taay as, jrni waat is the dulerenee between tnaa smt aw ordinary gunboat? X. They are the Annapolis, Wnottaaj. 2Cw- port, Yickaburg. Priacatoo, aadt They are smaller, slower, and have i guns tban toe regular gunboats. How many silver dollars were coined la sflBV and at what mints? Is there anv Breaaiassv am them? -JtvfHfc There were coined for Um ending December 31, 18W. SS&Stt dim dollars, so yon ace tbey are not rare. Bat don't let that discoarago jea. IaoJst on your impossible premium. If it te otniag bet canceled postage stamp. What is tbe ares of the City of Sew Oiliaai 2. Row many mika ol irver front has tha eHyt a. What is iU population? X. 9. Tbe area is 19 1-4 miles. 2. Save mjms on each side of the rrrer. X Mayor Hewer estimated tbe population on Janomry 1 ef this year at 3Q0,9M. By the causae ot Ifst It was 542,039. Did ordinary domestic sheep cease ansa tbe wai ones found in our mountains? SHI No; all our recognised broads mn a Bs ropean origin. Tbe source ef lew Isolds can be traced with certainty, bet it to see posed that tbe origlsale were tbe argalt of Asia, and the mnsimon of Oscsfea. both-being large-horned wild sbeep. What is the "dunwlow" bttUctT . When ws the eagle adopted as the iioaal esaMtsa at America? H. P. S. A rifle bullet of metal so soft tba it mashes, and on striking a men rnnliia a tearing ound nearly as di mallei as vbsx from an explosive bullet. Tbey bsrrefes used bj England against sarages wbossTfe rocity made them indifferent to ai-large proportion of tbe wounds from latter-day rifle bullets of small calibre. 2. ITSS. V) bat mere power ass aa admiral ot the assy, than a rear admiral? 2. why is Dewey vamtttd so much more than the great generals of tbe i ivil war7 3. How many gold dollars will a Mnad Troy of pare gold make? iiKC. He ranks all rear admirals. 2. Became hia achievements are more recent, and Be cause the Spanish war developed, fewer popular heroes than tbe ctrtt war. 3. Oofcl is valued in oar coinage at the rate ef 3M3 grains of tbe pore metal to tbe dtotfasv A troy pound of gold would thus grse SiSltS dollars. What is a woodcut, a lithograph, and aitsat engraving, and what are tbeir differences PHase tell something of the cost of each. M.fR. A woodcut is a picture or design minted from an engraved block of finely gmtoed wood. A lithograph is printed from stone, usually in several colors. A steel engrav ing ia printed from an engraved steel plate. Tbe last te tbe most costly of the three. and woodcuts are more expenatre than lithographs. How long have electric are-alarma been hi user SOfB. About forty years. The tret prac tical trial of a Ore-alarm teiegranb system occurred in 1851, both In New Tort city and Berlin. It was much modtned before it was adopted. The earliest record of as electric fire-alarm is a British patent to sued in 1S47 Prior to that there were many automatic fire-alarms that were net electric That of Joseph Smith, patented in England in 1302, is an example. What is the trial of the pyx? Ik CK. An examination of coins reserved from successive coinages to be testad for weight and fineness. Jn this country the trial of tbe py occurs annually at the Philadel phia mint on tbe second Wednesday to February It takes place before the Comp troller of the Currency, the aasayer of the New York assay office, tbe Judge of Ike United States Court for the Eastern dis trict of Pennsylvania, and others desig nated by the President The coins tested are from the other mints as weH. if no defects are found, a report of the proceed ings is filed, merely, if deviations te ex cess of these allowed by tow are discover ed, tbe facts are certified to the President, who has power te remove tbe omcere at fault. In England such trials ocenr-eaeh year before a sworn jury of sbc goldsmiths. Tbe pyx is the strong box in which each coins are kept. What in lineage and fees are necessary te Jam the Order of the Cincinnati 2.Nhat arc (he requirements ol Ibe Colonial Aunesf J. A Male descendants of Continental omeers oneof omeers as high as colonel tn Use French co-operating army are entitled, to membership in the Society of tbe Cincin nati, if deemed worthy What the toes are we do not know, but yon can ascertain by addressing the Secretary General, Coi. Asa Bird Gardiner. New York CHy. 2. There are two orders of Colonial Dames of America. One insists that its members shall be descended from some ancestor of worthy life who came to this eoontry prior to 1750, and who rendered to bis country some efficient service during the Colonial period. Services rendered after 1776 do not entitle one to memberaht. The secretary is Mrs William Reed. M3 Monument Street, W, Baltimore. Hd. The other order is patriotic and educatloaal. and not so exacting as to descent, we think. Its secretary is Mrs. Timothy Ma lach Cbeesman. 15 Ftftn Avenne, Xew York city. Mow a a clearing house condectedr BL B. Take the largest in this country, that of New York, it has a row of sixty-ftve desks, one for each bank. Here appear at about 9 o'clock in tbe monung two clerks for each bank. One clerk to stationed at his bank's desk, the other, a messenger, stands before it bearing all the cheeks and drafts on other banks that his bank has received on tbe previous day, all sort Mi in envelopes. At a signal, each mes senger steps to the next desk and delivers tbe envelope of checks on its bank. The clerks receipt for the envelopes, and the messengers pass on to all the desks, re turning to their own. Thus each measea ser has delivered to each bank everything his bank received from it tbe day before, ami each clerk has received the cheek dhe bim. The clerks then report to the" clearing-house manager, and settlements, h to-gal-tender notes or cola, are made. t tha manager, before 1 30 of tbe same day, be immediately turning the cash over to tha banks representatives.