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TIIE TIMES, WASHINGTON, M'SDAY. OITOBER 22. 1899.
&im& OIORMM ' V 1 MV l) ?l"DT 1 THE TIMES COMPANY VXVBSM. bTIL lUT'HISb, president. PuUtcatkm Omoe, THE HtTtHIS BlIUMMG. Osokt Hanta and t Streets rtkwt. SCKKKIITIOK BATES Monabty bv Carrier Moianac. Emuic and Sunday . Kitty Cento ah-maw- and Gnndav Thirt-. -w tnt Hveaiar and Sunoay Thirty five Cents Ky Mail One Year. Moraine. Erroinr. and today $6 00 Six Months, htrarnna; Fvnunj and Sunday 9 Three month, Mornus, Erpnlajt and Sunday. 1 a On Vear. H nuns and scndaj 4 Six Xontha, llorawa; and Sunday 2 25 Three Months Moraine: and adav 1 One Yea., Eve-aiti- and Sundav . . 4 00 &x Moartaa, Erauae; and Sunday . 2 S5 Tbwe atontha, F-ftnuna; and finaday .... 1 25 Snaany on. One Year 1 UrOer aa- aaau aanat He acconnnniten oy jmd laiitatial Rwmi 46G 268 (Srcnlation IVparttocnt CffSCULATiON STATEIOBNT The circatlaUon of The Times far tbe week end cd October a. 188 a aa tottow: aamdav. October 15 21.016 ateaday. October 16 M7 Tnnaaay. October 17. . MWaawla. October la... .... 2,07S Thnraday. October IS i-: Ataay. October . . -. 42.1W aaaay, October 21 42.128 total Jhrflj are-navr (ananafy, 21,016, excepted) 277,408 42,751 Tbt idwatiai Caaniantn Ceaapnnr. of Cm ca, hereby octanes that it has, nj ite expert esamnaaa, srscee and atteatcd the circulation of THr TfMES. cf Washington. D C. Tbe daily aaetace tUXD orealatioo for tbe month of Sep ember, MCI. was 40,220 copies. Tltia te CUAKAXTLED to tbe advertfaww of the country br a bond of $50,000 in the ridehty and Depoatt Oeaapam of Maryland, deposited with tbe borthawataip I.ational Bank of Chicago AwremxTsaec glabaktkk oompaxt. By J R aUSOV. PreaWeat. Keaauaa f Tttt TIMES who may at any time be Banana) to procure copies of it at any news etnas' er taiwMd station, or oa railroad train. will epaaer a favor upon tbe. management by arndiic e bfa oaaoe tnfbonattoa of tbe fact. lor nuWifr"?f in THE miK aanat be ten and plainly written. and MBnat a att cane be accompanied b the naane aad anaWa. of the writer Kejectcd com n aanjatiiiini will aat be preaerved, and onb anan MBcraaM t abviaa taanaruaoe will be retained SUNDAY. OCTOBER 1S89 llritlhli .onKci at Glencoe. The Brittefe casualty list for tbe battle of Gteaeee aaows a much larger proportion at IrJHaat aaad wounded mmaag the officers dual itnarmc the enltsted men Out ol m. force oT about four thousand, as reported, awre Wave one hundred and eighty-two mom ownilaaJoind otneers and private kRted aaf wonnded, or a fraction over four aunt a Ibatf per ceoc Ac a rough estimate re wJB aw tiaat the whote command in cluded a hundred and fifty commiaaioned oancef. Of tbeae the killed and wounded aanountad to thirty -one. or over twenty per cant. Bat, aa the greater part of the loss fell upon the column of two regiments aaaaHrttter the heights occupied b the Boars, the proportion of casualties to the wltet at troops immediately engaged is sees to JMe bean even greater than the iHartwii eat the total of killed and weonded to tbe enure force present. Tbe ngtirea speak for themselves and amoar tbe effect of the tactics pursued b tbe bniigbtiia. which is to pick off the of ficers ca all possible occasions Jfcts is se vere oa tbe latter, especial! in view of aa DBMTttten law kt the British service bat they must not take advantage of Krcaad or posture, as their men are com pelled to Between rashes, the rank and ale Itc down, hut -the officers stand Un seat this foolish practice has been, or now EhaU Jbe rortudden. in rie of it deadly rraattr la aghnng an enemy addicted to the Icaater potting practice of tbe Boers, the &aces axe that tbe gazette of dead noMe mea aad gentlemen before the war is ended arBI be a amdly aad an annecessaril long aae. PWewamed that the Boer sharp aanters will never miss a chance at offi cers, she huter should be Instructed to tbsir appearance of rank as much s and to hunt cover, at least as aameb a their men are expected to Otfaer- rfcae. tbe factor of leadership will be di intnjnbcd aeransly aad perhaps dangerous ly in tbe coarse of the shortest campaign One other thing seems to be deducfble from tbe character aad duration of the Boer rfintata nm after tbe British column awaawed to tbe assault. While, as we have noted, tbe loaaes In the rank; and atntoag oancers especially the latter ere ewere. m far as we can judge from our brief accounts of tbe engagement, these tawittlss were very largely aecribable to abarailiiiotliit practice, and not to volley artag. in watch It is perhaps not unfair to anaanaae that Joobert's soldiers are deficient If jbe tacter were trained to more concerted acaaaa ft as possible that "Mth such rapid volleirtBg as an equal number of our reg aiaw, for iantaace, would deliver, in like rtiinmiiinntius. tbe Btfcaah tafaatry could aaat have taken tie crest of the hill, at any rate with one rash Otencoe was for the roaaaaata oaaethlag like the battle of Bun ker Httl, oaty this time there ww no Americans behind the breastworks to stop Inair and Ont-of-Door IiIenlK. Hfcese was a woman in K York who noteraatwed to rlae eight "centuries" aad hraajfe tbe record She did it. The per- axiuufsted her A great msav have mtt it their duty to .preach re- a on tbe object, aad say tbat a woenmn has any business to do aaacb a-awrribie taiag To be sure, it did ot bat! bar, aad aae will probably recover treat tbe etraia, bat abe was a woman, aad abe bad ae right to attempt sach a feat It te dhacalt to see where the exact point f tale aiguaneut is. Of course the riding of yiaaturii " rather a foolish thing from aar passu of clew When aae thinks of a aaaa or weaaaa risking tbe wreck of the aerrous system, risking reason, life itself alanntr to eo want no oae ease has done, to nceaanpllali a feat which will be of bo possi ble aae te any person on earth it does ratbar aa iasaae project. But such win always kappea waHe there are eopte ia tbe world aad there be ae aartlcaiar reason why a MaMset 4m that particalar kind ef Idlatic deed as wall as a asaa if she avaaipea to wast to There is ae record ef aar womaa actually dying or going in aaae frost such aa attempt aad there is ;ne deeper that the mania, will be saf Mriaatty widespread te wreck aa homes or pattaaaaeatty hmpertt tbe welfare of society A great deal ef rubbish bas been talked abeat tbe feotlsfaaess of women who risk ladasy to their health by riding bicycles Wbea a woman does a foolish thing of that aaat. there are always people who rise up aad talk about Ae beauty of the old-fash ef womua's JUe sad the ser which bas eeme about with fear ae-aaNed "emaaeipatioH." They do net take iaae feasant the f eaaaiae -wreaks ataewa aaoeg tbe path of aaprsgrsesive wnmnshood, sad there were & good many of them There -were the women who $ weaaaaa i 1 ! 1 'ii i erul "ill liopp nh something to do but were obliged ti fret away their lies In positions 'oi po crty and dependence because ail society r-oademned their doing any work outside their homes There have been farmers wives who have gone Insane from loneh aess and monotonous drudgerj -which realh benefited nobody and was -worse than, the riding of anj number of 'centuries, ' be tause H lasted half a lifetime. There Ime been women shut tip to indoor work of a monotonous kind when their health d -maaded out-of-door exercise. The hnie suffered long years of torture from all ments brought on bj unaring indoor labor, which sapped the vitality and de pressed the spirits Their daughters are emancipated and hae time enough fo walking, rowing, or Imcj cling money enough for wholesome food and freedom enough to get innocent amusement when they need it Women ho he that sort of life can be considerably more aluab e to themselves and the -world than the woiran of two generations past who had either to marrj or earn her liing by being a needle trnman a servant or a Koverness The middle-aged widow of todaj able to take care of herself aad her children by some sort of business or professional work may not he as picturesque a figure as the broken-down gentlewoman of a past gener ation, but she will probably contribute more health and happiness to the world in the long run aIleii DIsiiiuenuoiisiicNN. In a short article entitled "The Present Outlook for Currency Reform ' printed in the October number of the "Forum " Mr Charles G Dawes writes in a wa to sug gest that, in preparing to reopen agitation in faor of the establishment of the gold standard in the United States by law, the advocates of the economic fallacy of mo nometallism are not likely to overcome their old habit of indifference to history and fact. Ceriamlj they hae not, if he is to be considered fairly representatne of their position and arguments Mr Dawes states that, after several years' discussion bj the public and Con gressional committees, the currency ques tion in the next session of Congress w ill be considered b a House and Senate both controlled bj the Republican party, which in 189G declared itself for souud goern inental money and the gold standard ' In what way the party declared itself for the ' gold standard ' he doeb not tell us and, m the absence of such information it would be impossible for ordinary mortals to verify his statement. On grounds of ex traneous eidenct we are quite aware that the leaders of the organization were reso lutely favorable to the single standard but we also know that they did not dare to express their views in the party platiorni i x , j . ..u i.. i,.n ! since to have done so would have teen to i court defeat at the hands of a host ot wnoie or half-hearted Republican bimetallist3 whom it was necessary to placate bv hood winking them as to the real purposes of thp leaders But the party, as a political organiza tion did not pronounce for the go d stand ard in 18M. except a& a temporarv epe dieat to he resorted to only until bl lneUllism could be restored by interna tional agreement In the currency plank of the platform this Is made as plain as words can make it ""SN e are unalterably opposed to every measure ca culated to 3e I base our currency or impair the credit of i our countrv We are therefore opposed to . the free coinage of silver except by inter- national agreement with the leading com mercial Baio& of the world, wJiich we pledge eurselves to promote." In his in augural address Mr McKinley said The question of international bimetallism will have early and earnest attention It will be my constant endeavor to secure it bv co-operation with the other great commer cial powers of the world " Those are rather strange words to fall from the mouth of a President just placed in power by a party which, Mr Dawes as serts, had declared for the gold standard a fee. mouths before The remainder of that gentleman s paper covers other departures from the eternal verities, and from tbe siaodards of straightforward controversy, but the point to which we have already called attention is sufficient as a text for the only remark we care to offer on the matter, whieh is that if the important economic question involved m the propose 1 campaign of the monometallistb in the next Congress is to be discussed at all by them it wouid be just as well that they should endeavor to avoid a perhaps natural but not the less illegitimate tendency to falsify the record. V Continuous aillltarj Ynuilev ille. We have been assured with frequency and earnestness bv friends of the Admin istratiOB that General Otis is an earnest and conscientious man, and ib using his best efforts to settle the trouble In the Philippines. We have been told over and over ageia that we must not criticise his methods because we have not been on the groend and do not know the peculiar diffi culties with which he has to contend We must judge him, then, by what he has done jest as any other warrior or statesman ia judged When Dewey took Mamia, he did net cable to tbe President that he had (toed hie best efforts to destroy Montojo's fleet, and his friends did not get up and ex plain that he was an honest and herd-working man wbo'wjs doing the bett be could There was no need of anything or that kind So, if we are to arrive at a correct estimation of General Otis, we must con sider what be has reelly done since he bas been m control of affairs at Manila Some painstaking person has compiled a partial list of Otis achievements, and it is as fellows Paabr au been captured three turn and aban doned twtca. Guadaloupe has been captured four times and abaaduaed three times. Martiquirut has been captured six times and abandoned fax times. CaniU hac beea cantered iwiee and abandoned tTK Antipole has been captured owe and aban doned Morons: has been capered twice aad abandoned twice aanta One has ticca captured once and aban Paaaaaian bac hen captured anc: and aban doned. Uxskus has been captured once and abandoned Pact- has been captured one? and abandoned Novalicfce has beea captured twice and aban doned tvfex San Xateo bas been captured once and aban doned ban Jofte has been captured once and abandoned Noraasary ba beea cafHuree once mm aoatt Autoi ha been captured once and abtndorml San Miguel Ac Mayotwa has been captured once and abandoned Moa hat beea captared twiee and alwiHkmed Bac-olor has been captured twice and abandoned Macabebe the onK town frfendlt t the meri ram -was taken and de! and allowed in be burned In thr ltve rumrua w taten vice and ahaiMiond once Guagai was taken once and abandoned This ia a curteu document It Indicate that General Otis' methods are in n way peculiar is Mmfceir From this record of bis victories it would appear that he bas kept the army chasing around Robin Hood's barn with a vi"w to capturing and aban- juiue: t r ioai ii ihf l-.la ul of Li it Jeabt once Thia makes it interesting for the natives and gles ariety to the life of the soldier especially in the rainy season but the coantn wouM like to know, just what the ultimate outcome of It is going to be From all appearances, the Filipinos can stand being captured and abandoned just as long as the American soldier tares to keep it up It will be ob seied that most of these towns hae been abandoned just as often as they haie beer captured Perhaps we owe a debt of gratl tude to General Otis that they hae not been abandoned more times than they were captured or without being captured at all But, considering the fact that this merry go-round can be maintained from the Fili pino end for a practically unlimited period and that It costs a good deal to keep the American soldier chasing after Agmnaldo army, the country may justly claim to hat at least a monetarv interest in the pro ceedings At this rate, Agmnaldo s grand children nnj yet be found dodging about the Island of Luzon, pursued "by the sons and grandsons of the olunteer of today Uuiiic to (lie Lust. Let it be always remembered to the glory of Sir Thomas Lipton that he accepted his defeat without turning a hair "With bon hommle that would hae become a con queror, the game was no sooner lost than he steamed up to the winner with the Stars and Stripes waing oer the Erin, and saluted and cheered his successful iial No sulking in his cabin for Sir Thomas Tate haing decreed against him finally like the gallant knight and gentleman he is he filled the flowing bowl for a large and happy luncheon party and joined in drinking the health of everybody on both sides of the Atlantic from the Queen and President down to the captain of the lore top, and, without a estige of regret in his oice, he said Columbia won on her merits and he is a better boat. If I Lave not succeeded in lifting tin. cup 1 lue proved what I aid to the British public Wieii I left, that an hngh0i gentleman could come over here ind if ht acted hki. a gentle man lie would be treated like a gentleman, and be accorded alsoluteh fair ind sportsmanhkt treatment Lnder all circumstances I have atis hed myself, and I think I have convinced the world that I was ri-lit m this belief vij op ponents havf treated me not onb fairl but gencrouslj They liave granted all I aAeii and, in hort, l have had nothing but fair play and sportsmanlike tieatment from first to last It is a pleasure to liavc to loe to such a rival a Mr lnlin, who has proved himself a gentle man and a -ortcnun Mr Herreblioil lias shown himself to be the ,eatet designer of v adits in the world and the Columbia Is a wonder It was tnmplv a questuii whether an rnglih built boat could do o well 1 am confident that the cap tain and crew of the tjhainroek did all tiiev could lliey evpected to have i boat turned ovei to them leadv fcr '-ailing While I aj Coluinbu is the better boat I wanted Mr Fife to be on board Shamrock whi "lie was sailed. Ik designed her and knew her weak and good points Aa he wh not prc-ent I cannot uv whether she was at her worst or at her bet If Mr 1 ife had been there there would have leen no doubt Hi, absence has been a great drawback to me I am MOt a wai(Jr or a mKr but j Inut M far as I can judge the Columbia is the better boat 1 shall trv and send another challenge if I can arrange it Now I want von all to drink lo the t olumbia, lwr owners, and her crew Sir Thomas Lipton will leave behind nothing but sentiments of friendship and admiration for him, as a worthy and rep resentative man and sportsman Should he elect to come over again for anothe- con test he will not land as a stranger on our shores but as one of the most heartily liked citizens of the greater Anglo-Saxon federation of good fellows What might easily have been anticipated has actuallj occurred. Admiral Dewey has been worn out with glorification, and his physicians prescribe' Total rest for a while He will not go to Philadelphia or Atlanta All thestrength ,hj2 hasiat present will be necessary for his v ork on the Phil ippine Commission, tbe first meeting of which, in the United States, will occur on Mondav next The technicality raised by- Garter's coun sel has been decided against him Judge Lacombe of the United States Circuit Court, holds that while it is true the court martial inflicted four penalties on the relator he was found guilty , on four charges, each carrying a separate punish ment Cartel will undoubtedly appeal and pending a hearing will be admitted to bail If the bail is not unreasonable there are still i few countries with which we are not on terms of extradition, and even Pat agonia to a person with money might be preferable to the inside of Leavenworth penitentiary for five years Easy is the descent to that place which shall be nameless between The Times and its virtuous readers' When a man once dallies with the sirerj ice, or the. demon, crime, his soul readily becomes encysted in corruption and his conscience as elas tic as a rubber band There is the formerly Hon George F Hour, for example, Time was when he was as honest of mind and as pure of heart as a wooden image of Cotton Mather We refer to the period when he was about sue months old Now how has the mighty fallen' Beginning with the adorationof Aguinaldo he has gone on from bad to worse, until now we find him prais ing the late Grover Cleveland Poor man' He has touched bottom at last ' De mortuis, ' and so forth. If the reported plans of the British Government are carried out there-will be an Interesting and important jcJiaage in the political map of South Africa. It is stated to be the intention of Lord Salisbury and his colleagues lo establish a dominion, sim ilar to that of Canada, with a capital, and Governor-General, to be named by the Crown at Cape Town "Under""tho general jurisdiction thero will be. fiv e federal states Cape Golonj, the Transvaal, Natal, the Orange Free State and Rhodesia Each of these will elect its own -lieutenant govern or and legislature and members of tbe Do minion parliament As soon as the present war can b brought io a close it is as serted that a proelamation, to give effetl to tne plan, will be promulgated by the Queen in council ,.,...., . Will the country ever know the true reason why hanqteon is a favorite villi1 tile ((epaitment at Washington and bciik is notv Minneapolis tribune Yos when Mr John D. Long retires to private life Le-MliiiIiic View. (Prom the Oharleon News and. pouter ) Thr Msshwston limes ivs that the Hccr Ite pubfic ' is a Government in which an icnorant ami intolerant oligarchv has in its power prac ticallv all t!w intelligence and entefpn of the oountr in which the minority govern in which labor u eppreeeed and capital mulcted by unjust taxation in which ignorance is at a premium ami progress at a discount, in whuh tin for wgner, while allowed to resile in the countrv, lb treated a an iute-ast, and not allownl to ikx, scs anna to d feud himpelf It is kaid that the Outlauders outnumber the Boers bv thirty thou sand or more, and llie ouijh.t jtj be ationjr enough and brave enouRli to nght their wav to lil.erU without British re enfou-eiueuts The fact that the miBonty novcrni that labor is oppressed, ami ignorance it at a premium, should nut oc casion any surprise or indignation in tha great Vmeriean Republic All these conditions obtain nsht here and yet we should resist an) attempt to set ud straight SXVrEHOOI) 1,011 OkliHiniY Opposition to lmilu lie-el 1 TciIcm ii Oiflcvliolilors. GUTHRIE Okla ,-Oet 1 Tre voters o? Oklahoma art fast dtvidjng into two par ties on the question vvhether the terri tory shall apply for admission to the Union at the coming session of Congress All agree that it Jibs jjven qualification requisite or dosirabjt fe, statehood There are already in the Union seven States each with a smaller population than Oklahoma The character of the people here is iden tical with that of the people of tbe older prairie States They have piosperous and well-established towns a remarkably w til developed sjstem of railroad transporta tion, a good public school sjstem churches of all denominations and many thoasauds of comfortable farm homes and they are as orderly competent, intelligent and pros perous a class as can be found in any now Western Stite The territorial census of 1S9S reported i population of 111 100 and this will no aoubt be increased bj the census of &00 to at least 400 000 The return of taxable property for 1S9S was $40 GOO.000 There are 1.S79 school districts, each with its schoolhouse and. the number of children of school age is 00 585. The territory bas its university, its agricultural and me chanical college three normil schools sev eral Indian schools and a number of de nominational colleges Institutions have already been provided for the deaf-mutes the blind nnd the insane and the whole apparatus of civil government Is iu full operation but it Is not in the last lesort self-government because the higher offi cers of tho Territory and the judges are mined by the President of the United States So far as general progress Is concerned Oklahoma young as it is now ranks very well with the central and western portions of Kansas and Nebraska, and with tbe two Dakotas It is all settled and nowhere ex cept in the extreme West, where there is not sufficient rainfall fpr farming can any public land be found subject to homstead entry That the inhabitants are not unani mous in the opinion that Oklahoma should he Immediately put into the column of States is mainly owing to the relation of the Territory to the old Indian Territory out of which it was carved, and to the at titude of the Tederal officials who are ac the politicians and leaders of opinion and who naturally want to keep their offices as long as possible These officials make a good argument against admission out of the situation in the Indian Territory Public opinion strongly favors the inclusion of the entire Indian Territory in the new State of Oklahoma This would give a State is large as Kansas, and one which would in a short time become as populous But the Indian country cannot be taken into any State until new treaties are made with the tribes and until the allotment of lands in severalty which is now going on progresses much further than it has done up to the present time Oklahoma as at present con stituted includes a number of small Indian reservations and it seems to be the fate of the Tenitory frorrr its geographical posi tion to take in as a State the whole mass of semi-savagery now existing in the old Indian Territory under treaties and tribal laws and customs Congress would probablj not consent to the creation of a separate State outsof w-bat is left of the Indian Territory since the detachment of Oklahoma The opponents of immediate admission for Oklahoma admit that it will probablv take ten years to break up the tribal rela tions and get the mixed population of In dian Territory into a -condition fittinE; it for incorporation into a new State But they say there is ncnecd of hurry It will not matter they argue if there should be 600 000 or "00 000 people in Oklahoma with out any rights of Federal citizenship pro vided thej are prosperous, and are toler ably contented with the, limited powers ot self-government they enjoy in 'the ter ritory The advocates of .admission say in reply to the argument over the serious problem of the Indian tribes living between here and Arkansas that it will be entirely practicable to admit Oklahoma with its piesent boundaries and to give to the ne- State the right to annex portions ot the Indian Territorv from time to time by first securing the consent of Congress and of the Indians and the half breed inhabi tants This they say would be a wiser plan than at once to absorb all of the country Inhabited by the five great tribes All that would be required would be a provision in the act of admission permit ting this process to go forward It will certainly go on more rapidly if Oklahoma becomes a State than if it remains a Ter ritory As a State It could provide full representative government to the annexed districts as fast as they come in Public discussion of the question of admission is onlj just beginning and will be pretty sure to become aotite during the coming session of Congiess The Territorial Del egate Mr riyiin, is in favor of immediate statehood, and will introduce a bill for this purpose Governor Barnes is opposed to admission until the Indian Teirllory can be included in the new State On his side are nearly the whole body of Federal of ficeholders who count upon holding on to their present places for another four years in case McKinley is re elected The question of securing the electoral Vote of anothei new State it the next Pres idential election is not. directly involved for the politics of Oklahoma is uncertain and a close fusion between the Democrats and Populists would be likely to defeat the Republicans The- doubt as to how tbe State w ill go at. the next Presidential elec tion will prevent theRepubhcans m Con gress from making' the admissiou bill a partj measure, That it is a popular raeas uro here in the Territory is ceitam in spite of all that can be said about the in creased expenses of State government and the danger ot the Indian Territorj stepping in as a separate State "Dai III Mil rum." (Horn the Ilaitiord Tnne-i ) A Svracu-c despatch contiadicts the iinureHon which ha-, prevailed since the death of the author of ' Uav id llaruin that Mr Westcott a family obtain little or nothing from the bonk It was announced that he wild it outright for a smalt um He died before it was published, leaving his famih almost unprovided for rherc have been many KKestion.s that the pubhshers should pay something to his heirs in view of the uneiectd and phenomenal sale of the book Now this dPSiMtth savs jtat thty have done so without making any nW about it and have al ready paid aver $11,1PS 20 to the fanulv as roval ties and that a considerable further sum will reach them as the book isruH sellmj fast If this is trut the wjbk-hers iMve alforded a new illustration of Jhe jsuk-tintial pretne so mam pubhshers havi displayed lite guild has iiad to endure a ooa'' dial of fault finding and some members of it have been greed enough but it is lo lie eiouhied if thej were ever as blick as the v were painted. modern publishing firm of good landing geerall has prinuple of jusik e or pokey that make -It deal fairlv even where there is no bund that can Be enforced Ncvi "t rirpt Ilnml. (Prom tlte New ork I omiuerciil Vdvertiser ) here w tin stenographer that made a fair copj of the Utter tp. Torul that Sampson m spired, ( I advuck drafled, and Mtafttr sigmd and M-nt? Keally it would eem that he is entitled to his dav m tin newspaper court Perhaps thtf sailormtn would not be o altogether elm m iiiK in other respects if they were not a little iKiyi'h in their zeal for the glory of the service 'I lie Conl 'PmKt. (Prom the Cincinnati Inquirer) Hie coal trust' w au infainj Coal is al inoct is essential to life m oiihim, water or air i ic it pornuli to make a trut of the last tlireu named things it would bv nude Ihre arc people who regret that uuslunt air, and watir cannot be controlled br a trust Is Mr Hunna oiw of them Ntxt to the three irtielea named clne coal It is an ibeolute necesit) It is in a tnibt " One of the, dajfc in the near future there will be a MvereieelomnR- cry- for justice will lo up, and it will be Inard The heads of the trusts will not be so high in the air lhev will be laid low The law will reach them md the law v.ill iletro' them The preservation of thu liven of the people is above the enriching of men The crj of a freezing balxi will not wa-te itself un the air tin shivering of a huurv mother will reach even ll-rtli-su cars Id tin trusts" take heed FACTS ABOUT NATAL. How the- Iteicrn Were Toro-d Kriini the CoIon. The territory forming the British col ony of Natal on the east coast of South Africa was discovered by Vasco de Gama on Christmas day 1497 About two centuries later the Dutch, who were established at the Cape by a purchase from a native chief, added the port of Natal to their South African po sessions Comparatlvelj few Dutch settled in the new colony however, and earlv in the present century the English were attracted to it. They held their own with difficulty among the savage tribes that roamed through the country and many of them lost their lives They made common cause with the Dutch against the savage foe and for a time the utmost harmony existed between the two European races In 1S35 however Capt Allen Gardner visited Chief DIngnan, leader of all the Zulu tribes and conducted a trentv of peace on behalf of the British settlers Then the English laid out the town of Durban. English immigrants, began to airlve in greater numbers, as the indus trial attractions of the colony became known The Dutch settlers took offence at the arival of so many British, and began an emigration from the colon into the interior The ' Boer trek became a route ot carnage for the fierce Zulus swooped down upon the Boet emigrants and slaughteied men women and children indiscriminately In 1S43 those Boers who remained In Natal formally submitted to the sover eignty of Great Britain, and the colony ot Natal for a year or two, was placed under the Cape Government In 1S4S letters patent were issued constituting the territory a separate government under a lieutenant governor and an executive council In 1850 the colony was divided Into six counties each having local councils for the management of district affalis, and m the two chief towns Pietermaritzburg and Durban municipal corporations were established The area of Natal is 20.4S0 square miles Its population in 1891 was otf.oie persons Of these the Europeans or whites numbered 42 75D The Governor is assisted by a legislature consisting of two" chambers a legislative council composed of eleven members nominated by the Governor, and a legislative assembly of thirty -seven members chosen by the electors Durban as the seaport of Natal is a place of great commercial importanco. Only the largest steamships are unable to enter the harbor The town of Durban spreads over the flats around the bay for a distance of three or four miles and then stretches up over the height called the Berea The population of Durban is aboi 10 000 Europeans and the same number of natives The assessed value of the build ings is about ?S 000,000 Ladysmlth is the principal town in the Klip River division The white population is about 3 000 Pietermaritzburg the capital of Natal, is seventy -five miles toward the interior It has churches a park, fine schools and many modem improvements which go with civilization The Europeau population of the city is about 12,000 and the native about 0,000 BEGINNINGS OF WAES. Formal DcciumtioiiH Not CiiHtoiniii v In nuropeiiii Countries The State Department is not yet officially informed of the existence of war between Great Britain and the South African Re public This notification may be expected to arrive first from the Transvaal, and it might come direct from the Government of that country through the American Consul Charles Macrum The mere notification of the existence of war, like the formal declaration itself seems to have little rela tion to actual hostilities Of the last seventy-five European wars only three were preceded by formal declarations These declarations are often issued simply to fix a date foi the beginning of hosti.lties or, as in out Spanish war, which begnn on Vpnl 21 to legalize the taking of prizes Nations begin war in most cases like an angry boy, "vith little apparent consistency in their action There is the same squar ing oft and blustering until a blow is struck perhaps by accident, and then the conflict is on It might be difficult for the historian if he examined only official docu ments to account for our Spanish war He would be at a loss to understand why abuses which vveie treated so guardedly in December should have become a casus belli in May The starving of the reconcen trados the Dupuy de Lome letter and the blowing up of the Maine formed a small official part in the Cuban wai crisis, while tl ey actually occasioned the war EnglanJ and the Transvaal have been discussing tha franchise proposals for months Polite correspondence was followed by polite con ferencs Then came the resumptiqn of correspondence but all the time each side was accumulating war material and pre paring foi war which so far as the of ficial papers were concerns! did not seem a menace until weeks after the troops be gan to sail from British ports Some persons have criticised the State Department for ordering the Vmeriean Consul to look after British affairs in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State This criticism is hardly worth noticing, the Lnited States did not seek the task, but was asked to undertake it by the Bnt ih authorities Few nations have ever do rimed to comply with such a request It may be recalled that during the troubles in Bolivia the United States cared for Brit ish mtersts there The identity of lan guage is the principal cause for this inter change of courtesies This country, too, has the precedent set by Great Britain dur ing the Spanish war. when her Ministers and Consuls acted in our behalf It is well to remember that one of the real martyrs to the American cause during the war with Spain was Frederic Ramsden, tho British Consul a Santiago 'lite ViiierlciuiiIiifr ol Cuba. (rrom the Memphis Scimitar) I 1 tpoca the annexationist journal of Ha vana is making things rather warm for the Cuban gcmraN colonel, and other patriots who wpeml their tune Itwtinsc around the cafes, abusing the Vmeriean usurpers, aim claiming an me iredit for the dehvcrince of Cuba fiom pain s lo the last absurdity LI 1-poca" sues If forty J ears' In nee we ,hall all be willing to confess that while we were able to gain the vietorv over hunger thirst wearme, and the ne,ur of tin climate, to the Vmeriean rmy and Navv ib due the vntory over "-pain why not be Itouest and confiss it now' Tin it i bold utterance for a newspaper to make in tin midst of all those desperate heroey. who for three-lnr. vears burned "U.rir liouse, and looted villi(,s in the name of libtrtv It is boleler tlun anv li-vvaua paper would have ven lured upon -oiix mouths ai,o, md it shows that the aunt xatioius.s no longer permit themselves to be bulldosed bv the patriots aforesaid S fir an mav hi judged from the rciorts that i-ome to us frNm Vmeriean and ruropeau sources, the Kieiit majoiitv of people m Cuba who have "imthintc to lose bv bad government favor anneva turn lhe tiitis are the ragtag and bobtail of the leluul led bv agitators who expeit to feather their nests under a typical Spanish Vmeriean re public in regime That it to sav, thev look for ward to a time when thev ean start i icvolution and pre upon the merchant? and industrious farmers it v ill lhat is not a state of thtnus whuh I nele Sim could indure nht at hi, bai k 'ati When the war with Spain bctran the Scimitar" said Mm lent ('i'K to . J Cuban lie public." It stands bv that prediction I'a( riialisui That 1'ns (I ronr the I'lttbur-j Post I)i,pateh ) If helping people to help themselves i, ood poliev the woik done bv the Canadian (.oiern ment in staitimr home indiMtries a mom, the farm cis of the Dominion is to be cmumnded The people of Prince hdward a Island have al wavs had a struggle to make a living The cli n at- ts riKorous and the land rockv ltecentlv the Dominion comnin-eioner f aMictilture went to the province and iid to the fanners ' Why don t vou gi into cooperative ilmylng9 Put tip a building eosttn !lt)0- uid we will lend vou 000 fur nruhineri V e will ,etid vou an ex pert cheese maker and make vour chieso at two and one-half cents a pound That vvr, in 1602 The cluese export of that jcar amounted to $3,000 The nei vear there were eleven dairie- the next vear eighteen By ISto the tiovtrn.mt.iil lwil bieti repaid and with drew its suppoit The cheese export, had in creusetl to $M UOO a vear in the even jeai-s and the entire pr vinie had been enrtt hed This is th sort cf patcrniham that ptjs XAVLM U ULlORDs REPOKi. A oliiiuc-s Trentliifs oh War of the III hellion Vre Kentti. The annual report of tbe office of Vaval Avar Records and the Department Lib'ary bas just been submitted to Secretary Loag by E K Rawaon, Superintendent of those bureaus Mr Rawson says "Since my last annual report the eighth and ninth volumes of tbe 'Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion' have been print ed, and the eighth is in process of distri bution The ninth will be distributed by the end ot the calendar year, and the tenth compiled shortly thereafter An attempt will be made to issue the eleventh volume and to print a part of the twelfth by the end of the present fiscal year, July 1, 1900 although with the force at the disposal of the office this may not be accomplished With the completion ot the twelfth vol ume 50 per cent of the entire work will be finished the series in all probability not exceeding twenty six to thirty volumes An expert proofreader at a salary ot $1,200 is greatly needed, and the request is made that one be assigned to the work Regarding the proposed estimates tbe re port says "I have made the request in my esti mates for an additional appropriation foi the publication of these records as will be seen, increasing the amount asked for from ?19 000 to 523 000 The amount allowed by Congress $19,000 for the last fiscal year (which was less than that allowed for the fiscal year ending 189S via, $20 SOO) is in adequate, and there will probably be a small deficiency This request has been rendered necessary 'Tirst By the increased cost of the printing and binding of these volumes. ' Second By the fact that by the decision of the Department much more care has been taken and a slight additional expense has been incurred in tho preparation of the illustrations for them, including not only the reproduction of types of ships, but also the inclosures of sketches and contempor aneous drawings accompanying the reports ot officers forwarded to the Department The number of these illustrations for any one volume can not be foreseen ' Third By the maps, which are carefully prepared for this work. These are ot great service in elucidating the text and making these volumes valuable to readers in all parts of the country to whom atlases and maps are Impossible of access, as well ns for the convenience of naval officers, to whom these volumes are of primary inter est In these maps are placed the names of the Important places found in the text and they are the most accurate of all maps of their si?e of the coast lines and scenes of naval operations great care being taken to verify the geographical names by reference to the maps of the Coast Survey and to the text of the records ' The question of introducing these mops into the volumas as published or of waiting for the completion of the whole work was seriously discussed by this office and the conclusion reached that the expense would be less and the value to the reader and his torian enhanced by their introduction into the current volumes ' During the past year a conference was held with the officials of the War Depart ment librarj by vvhicn the purchase of duplicate books has been avoided Addi tions to the library numbering 1.0S9 vol umes were added last year Among the books addetl were a valuable lot on the Philippines contributed by the Govern ment's naval attache at Pans V number of engravings and photographs ot naval subjects were also added to the library card system ot catalogues which is changed everv six months, bas taken place of the old style catalogues, and it has been found very satisfactory BUBONIC PLAGUE SPREADING. Murine Hospital Notified of Several Deaths In Ilrn.il. The bubonic plague which has made its appearance in South menca, is spreading rapidlv A cablegram was received by the Marine Hospital Service yesterday from Inspector Havelhurg, in Brazil, saying that several deaths have occurred from the plague, and that tho autopsies disclosed the fact that the disease is of the same character as that found In India. Tele grams urging, the greatest vigilance were sent out yesterday morning to quarantine officers, and Surgeon General Wyman Is taking everv precaution to prevent the ad mission of the disease into this country. A report from Consul Campbell who ia stationed at Port Louis Mauritius says that the plague has appeared there, and is on the increase It has also assumed in the course of its dev elopment a new phase It has been discov ered -f rom recent exami nations that the new form of the disease is of a very contagious character The first victim of the new form was it Mr Johnson of the colonial secretay's of fice and he was also the first white man to be attacked by any form of the- malady The white population of the colony have heretofore considered themselves invulner able against contracting the disease, but recently this impression has been dispelled Many of the white people there have died of the disease though nothing has b--en said ot these fatal cases Mr Johnson s death from the plague ts said to have caused a panic A Gov ernment council was hastily called, and the Mauritius Turf Club rncs which consti tute a very Important feature in the social life of the colony, were postponed and all forms of enterprise abandoned A question of indemnity has arisen out of this which it Is claimed Is quite a seri ous menace to the Government The horses that were entered for the racing season were imported from Australia at a great expense, and it is said the postponement of the races will react on the Government in the form of several suits for damages The merchants are also very much dis satisfied as large quantities of goods have been imported which they say would have found an early market had the raeas oc curred lhe Buttle of the "VatcheH." Printed in Lnsrhind after the Vmenca'j victory. VlKTUst 1S51 1 Oh vveep, ve British sailors true, Above or under hate lies, 1 1 ere-s ankec- Doodle been and coate Vnd beat our crackest yatthest They started all to rim a rate, nd wor well timed with watches; But oh' thev never had no chance, Had any of our v itches The Yankee she delaved at first, sav, thty, ' she'll never catch ua," nd rluntr up their tarpaulin hats Hie owners of the vatthes' But presentlv she walked ilon, " O, dear," say thev, ' she'll HMteh as," nd stuck on their tarpaulin hats, lhe owners of tlte yatches. Then deep ve plouslis along the sea, lhe ankee scarceh crutches, nd cracks on every stitch of sail Lpon our staggering yatehe. But one bv one she pa-ses ir, VMnIe bitterlv we watches. And utter imprecations on The builder of our yatehes. nd now she's quite hull down ahead. Her sails like little patches, for Mild Iwrues ami colliers we Ma sell our bousteel yatches We faintlv hear the clubhouse gun lhe -"liver cup she snatch- iiil all the Fmtlish clubs are done The I nghsh elubs of yatcheal They "av she didn't go br wind. But wheels and springs and matches, Vnd that's the wav she weathered on Our quickest goin yatcrw, But tliem's all lies I'm hotrod to tay, Vltho' thev re told by Iwtchex, lwas bulk of hull ami cue ot sail That did for all our yatche. But novelty I hear them auy. Fresh noveltv still hatches. The vankee yateh tbe keels will by Of ianv new elub yatches. Vnd then we'll elmHViH-e Yankwdaml, Prom Bewton Bay to Natalie To run thur erackest raft ae.in Our spitk and span new y itehes SILENT FOB, FIFTEEN YEAIIS. t n-Hlh ot h "araar MrlnseiH Owti a Stractare M '. Str-j. NEW YORK. Oct 21 If Jacob Tarbaas spoke to his wife at all during tbe bait a teen years it was yesterday, when be aaa ea his deathbed. They quarreled over a arts). and thereafter tbs asaa was sabaat, aba at a separate table and bore himself aa if be wife wera a total stranger. He was a farmer la Bast Haetawsaeb. N J aad his death yesterday revtved tbe story of his obstinate alienee ot tbe toag years ia the farmhouse dorlaa; wbteh there was no such thing as dialogue. Husband and wife belonged to nWalHes prominent in Bergen county Mrs. 1r hune is wealthy, aad much of bar araoev as spent in Improving tbe fine aetata on the Hackensack River where their botas) is situated. They were long married before Ter hune's obstinacy took the form of iHeacw. It is said of bin that be would quarrel with his wife because a picture oa ttav wall was not placed to salt blot. atra. Terhunt is a woman of firm resoiuttoa. She did not wish to leave her home nor dkt she submit readily to- the atraaae resulting from her husband s queer She spoke to aim. but without reals;. Be told others that he would have his served at a table apart treat the one. and go his way without tbe conversation, An incident which occurred in last is cited as typical. Mrs. Terltnaa wished to have a furnace placed) ia tbe cellar to heat tbe boose Her husbaad toM his men not to allow it. as tbe beat weajld spoil vegetables stored there. "I will build a cellar under the carrlaf house for you," Mrs. Terhune said. Her money was to pay for the heating apparatus. She ordered it When a man want to put it ia place the farmer drove bias awajF Then Mrs. Terhuae left tbe house. Her husband sought a divorce bat has raaaat were pronouaeed ridiculous. Ilia wtbr words te him concerning the furaace em said to have beea the Dearest approach te conversation between them In fifteen years. Terhune was stricken with typhoid fever ten days ago He sent for his wife, aad she visited him several times at the aid home. Whether the long silence was, broken is not generally known The farmm was sixty-seven years old THE PTJXLarAN-"WAGNER BAL. stockholders AVill Uutlfv the Con nnllrintlon Ajcreenient. NEW YORK, Oct. 21 The stockhe'ders of the Pullman and Wagaer Pataee Car Companies will meet within a month for tbe purpose of ratifying the plans of tbe consolidation ot the two companies, whieh were agreed upon by their respective boards of directors in Chicago yesterday. This action on the part of the stockluIaers will be largely a matter of form, aa the plan for consolidation bad been approved by the majority of the stockholders ia boti companies before the Baal decision was teached As the headquarters of the Pullman Com pany are in Chicago tbe stockboders ou that company will hold their meetiag ia that city. The stockholders of tbe Wag ner Company will meet In this city. At tbe executive ofttees of the Wagner Company, at 49 Ea3t Forty-fourth Street, this avora ing the date for the meeting was aot given out- A representative of Dr W. Se ward Webb, President of tbe compear, said There is no hurry about the meet ing as the situation Is pretty well under stood by the stockholders now The eea solidation will not go into effect until Jan uary 1 1900 As far as is known here the financial arrangements given in the news paper despatches from Chicago ape eee rect Dr Webb Se net in town bo, ami w ill not be here for some time. He will be a director in the Pullman Compaay wltb Messra William K Vanderbilt, Prederiefc W Vanderbilt and J Pierpont Morgaa.' THE JOINT HIGH COilMISSION. Vecesilti for Its Existence Has Not et Ceased The necessity for the existence of tbe British-American Joint High Commission did not cease with the provisloaal agree ment perfect ed Friday by Secretary Hay and Mr Tower the British Qharge d'Affalres in Wasbiagioa It is announced, however, that the Commisaloa will not reeaoamtale until the two Governmenu have arranged a basis for a consideration of the several matters in dispute between Canada, aad the United States Failure to come to a satisfactory understanding in regard to the Maska boundary was the cause of the last adjournment of the Joint Htgb Com mission and the two Governments are set w tiling to take tbe chance of another fail ure to agree by permitting tne teaaauv sioners to continue their ccmsideratloa of Canadian Vmeriean affairs without some prearrangement as to the scope and lim itation of their work The State Department and the British Foreign Office will continue their eafoeti through the ordinary diplomatic cBaaaetd to reach conclusions on all the matters ef dispute between the two Government of such a character as to enable the High Commissioners of both parties to aaeet w itb the assurance that their sesasoaswlH result ia a definite adjustment to be em bodied into treatv form subject to the rat ification of the Lntt-d States Senate aad the British Crown THE SA1IOAN SITUATION. The Mate Deniirtmeut Informed a to VII That Is TakJuiC lMnee. The State Department is fully informed as to all that is taking pmee between Great Britain and Germany in regard lo Samoan affairs. There is apparently no disposition on the part of those two natieas to keep this Government in the dark. It was said yesterday that the United Staaea authorities,- are being kept pasted ia re gard to all propositions ier a settlement f the Samoan question emanating from Lea don and Berlin It is untrue as stated In a Berlin nwH paper. that the proposition for the partltlea of the Samoan group originated with 3e retary Hay That propoeKioa was Best made five years ago and has been brought forward several Umes since thee. The authorities here are very reticeat as ia the status of the Samoan aegmiatioanv but they indicate that nothing of a radical nature may be evpected from tbe present exchanges between th three protectorate powers The South African NV'ar. (From the Minneapolis Tribune The Boers hare cut oft camnHtnivation with the frontier, and it i- very duhcult to iiet any newa from the front in repaid to the prorew et the war in die Transvaal The Boers appear h be SMSuming the offensive but with what taaeaea of suceesft can only be surmised rrom tha feet that they are probably better prepared at the point of contact than the British, henra it m natural that they suppose that the first Maccewea will bh theirs Tha war spirit ia kiu-buia ha been M-jvs-ia-fC very rapidly since the weue of President Kroger's ultimatum, and the British Government caa cewat safely upon a strong popular support. The era! expectation seem to be that the war win tx a short one, as it is believed that the Beets will ftnd it impnbi to hold out against the ovr whelming power ot Gieat Britain. XevriheJ- Mr Saleus, the famous hunter, who ii fanrflfar with Vlwcaa condition', espieosea the oeiaiaa that the war will last eighteen month SbanM it do ao, its effect upon Seance and huinWsa will be more serioeu than now generally looked lor. rtulncy and Williams. (From the Philadelphia Ledger.) The PlulipptBe war, which has been sssaWef intf for some time in Masaachosettsv his be6 into a lively blaze. The outbreak was caused by an attempt to bannenlae tha DtjEseerauo party m that State A tanBony weeJ" held in Boston at which Georrje Fred WBtlams vvjw the chif sneaker, and Mayor QHliMry wu ed to sppr hw esraaasion views for car or two, or at leas, hold them In reserve watt? he occupied a place on the pktfarm; hut tt mayor declared that be wooH not appaar aa tha same platform with Mr WHUanM, and ike bad dimr harmonv died on th- spot The war U vaginff now