Newspaper Page Text
NUMBER 2076. WASHING TOX, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1S99-SIXTEE PAGES. Price Three Cents. CRITICISM FOR MHTHDEN "Biers and Brif ons Sti'Piigf lien Their Entrenchments. Cieiieral Hiillcr's 'rciianiions In dicate rimt Another Attack Will Shoh He Mnde Against llie Troojis f the Transvaal Anxiety in Kiisr lanil Oier the Cnmiii); Battle. LONDON. Dec. 80. The past week has i wy slight change in toe aspect of ta South Africa. Contrary to all tJKpBCtaUottS. General Methusn seems re- Ueutcnant Byngf wJth a strong patrol, has salvos 1 remain entrenched at Moulder j made a reconnoissance toward Springfield. Bfver where both he and the Boers are I Thorneycrofts mounted infantry made an atomy attwetheaine: their positions. This ! oer reconnoissance in the direction of wmss """S"""" "" J" ISpieskop. They say they fa led to locate is Hiss oaetrary all centiaofttal military any Boer force. Mfintnn. A foreign military expert, writ- J colonel Gougli. of the Sixteenth .Lancers, tmfr to the "ThBea." voices the general recently approached the Tugola River. He milnlnn when he says that Methuen should i be sweatled ml once and Join hands with Gatacre at Naenw Peort, supported by all the trropc now arriving at Cape Town. When the three divisions Metbuen's, Oatacre'a, aad Warren's have been joined. there should be an advance to Bloemfon tefo. where further re-eaforcetuents can be eeat hr secorinc the railways between the Fee State, Port Elisabeth, and Bast Lon- Meaawhile General Bailer has not been if tsi ftmcid to keep as many of the enemy as passible in Natal. The expert argues Chat it is not ret even desirable that Ballet tasHet a defeat before a strong column Is in the Free State, as the Boers would then take refuge in strong mountain passes. from which it would be most difficult to dhjsBfe them. - Preparations for tlie Attack. General Bailer's preparations, however. aM potnt to a second attack as soon as he Is tgesdy, inasmuch as the Boers have t!MQr strengthened their positions since the buttle of Ceienso. Considerable anx iety is felt as regards the result of another attempt. far the centre General French continues his good but not very conspicuous work, While Saiacre. by the seteere of Dordrecht, has distinctly improved his position, both from a political and military point of view, tor he commands some thirty miles of country, in whkh he can prevent consid erable disaffection, and is also enabled to a:h Stormberg which is the Boers' chief stronghold, from two sides. But with a prolonged lull in actual hap penings at the scene of war, attention in Sfegland ie chiefly directed of late to other pair's A certain portion of the press whii.h na foremost in urging war, when liaappointed, tried to distract attention tram their own egregious blunders by at tack' ng the generals but the public would hae'. none of thlt- and the attack has since seen confined to the War Office. Lansdowne, aaf. Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, and doubtless wlu n the war if oxer astrict account will Br demanded for official shortcomings, though the mer serious critics point out the not this or that minister should be beli responsible, bur thai the whole cab met must justify itself and the whole sys tem be reformed Fprsr to win )t war is still the leading Web of the public and the volunteer move meat proc eeds van increasing enthusiasm. Proeafatj 70,000 veomaary will be enlisted. India will also provide numerous and n-aeeded horses, so that within six there will probably be enough to South Africa-to do really effi- work. though it Is unsatisfactory to mat uk norse afcKnese season is due within month. The 1'lonr Seizure. So strong is the one idea lo first defeat dm Seers that all other questions arising sot of the war are only of the slightest general Interest. This applies also to the sefatnre of American flour cargoes on Brit ish abtpfc bound for Deiagoa Bay. But the newspapers have been making this latter toatore "very prominent, following the lead C the entire foreign press. The Govern ment has not yet made the slightest declar ation on the subject, and while everyone acmes that to make food contraband would be diametrically opposed to the welfare of Great Britain in the lops; run, it is be ttered that wben the prise courts have handled the prfc-nt eases it will be found that bo new prei. dent has been established. The consignors were mainly Engllfch, and the prinripal consignee was not only a British subject, but was known as the Transvaal commercial agent. Thus the law preventing any British subject from trading with the enemy is applicable in tins ease. Moreover, international law gnats the right of pre-emption of such aappttas. Sir Charles Ditke, in an in terview, declares that It is folly for Eng land to make foodstuffs contraband of yar. He goes on to say that It Is Im oasfble to prevent men from entering the Transvaal via Deiagoa Bay if they declare they are members of the Red Cross Society or tebmvd to seek employment ta the mines which are still being worked by the Boer Government. " this opens up a doubt. Hitherto the British Government has not believed that the ianox of foreign recruits amounted to match since the commencement of the war. Bat if it were considered necessary to en tirety prevent this, official opinion is in clined to think that the debarkation of mates destined for die Sooth African Re pafcttca can clearly be prevented, as ac oanuac: to the law of Republics every male, o mat'er of what nationality or sympathy! fe Uab to be commandeered. Therefore. every male going to the Transvaal may be jghd considered as an enemy to the British There is a party in England which strongly advocates the aoisiBff of uetamm Hay. arguing that if any power wishes to intervene, it could already And as eaaally good excuse. View, of the Cabinet. But the weight of opinion, including the of m umbers of the cabinet, regards a policy as impossible. The Govern - will confine themselves to bringing to bear on the Portuguese officials at Loareaco Marques to perform their du des as neutrals with greater strictness, which Is a polite way of saying with less emanation and laxity, and at the same time keep the chMHEt possible watch on af JaJra. Th- condition of aaairs in Deiagoa Bay may b. judged b. the fact that the J'ort anjfut"e auihortu.h have already formally w..rne1 the s i) tor British naval oolcer tr- r- that the an not guarantee the safe-t- of ships lylag in the harbor, or be re E;.onfltle for !l i: ;triecttoa against ma JIi'.u; attack. .- ond Sia i i .r 'g. of course, prac- j.y out of "' qu.Mion. Still s-cli a . -UK. is in -i'f suggestive TV-te it if -. ' Impression here that ta Nw Year will not bj many days o'd 'JU a i. advance movement In fowe u. on ;. l;o: will make a material chaigt- in .. .-..otb African situation, li N Mi that i nltrf of Mafeklng Klnlei . and "m- a.iih . tH-ttnrirjg bou.ly d more Im 1 .. ri'"H I 1? the nvestmeot itet by the Bots MS ftsiptd Itefere the arrival xf General Roberts, when n ent're ew plan of opeist on will te inaugurated the (hamistit tb. t ! for -Jrg f' rr-rvr 'e 'h t v r ik'v i' Ie ouch E.a' .1 r r f tort inha.e the problems facing Roberts awl Kitchener when they arrive at the Gape. A "Central News" despatch from Cheve ley of today's date says: "A na,iva states that General White made a sortie f om Ladysinith yesterday (Friday), carried a strong Boer position at the point of the bayonet, and captured a big gun. Thi statement is confirmed somewhat by ihe strange silence of the Boere besieging Ladysmith since yesterday." EXCHANGE OF SHELLS. Shot 1'iihs Ilctvteen liner and British Outposts. GHEVELEY CAMP, Dec. 29 (11:30 a. in.; delayed In transmission). Several farm houses oeeupied by the Boers were located by the naval brigade ooiore oar last night, and at 9:30 o'clock four shells " "" "l "'V. ' , ,., r- saw aoout one nunaroa tioer ponies sru ing ou the plain, and ordered his men to fire on them with thpir rifles. A racing meet was held here ou Boxing Day (December 26), and was a great suc cess. There were big fields in the various events, and a number of close finishes. About 11-30 a, in., while the racing was in progress, the Boers iired two shells at the outposts of the Irish Fusiliers and the Xaval Brigade, at a comparatively short distance. One man was wounded. Tho naval guns sent three shot& in reply, 'and the Boers retired. At 0:30 o'clock this morning the Xaval Brigude began firing on a Boer position. ENGLISH CAPTUHE KIELES. MaiiMTs "Were lleiiijc Shipiieil in Cse,K 1, libeled 'iliseuit"." CAPE TOWN, Dec. 27 (9 a. m.; de layed in transmission). Christinas was spent peacefully in all the camps. The soldiers indulged in races and all kinds of sports, but It Is expected that active opera tions will soon begin. There, appears to be some trouble about recruiting for the Cape irregulars. The men want their own officers, but the au thorities insisl on putting Imperial offi cers in charge. It is reported that a wagon load of Mauser rifles have been seized near Cradock. The cases were labeled "biscuits." FLOODS IN NATAL. &F The ilriilc Behind lllnii(?ivtiue Hill Carried Anj-. PRERE CAMP. Dec. So (3 p. m ). There is no confirmation of the report that General While made a successful sortie from Ladysmith yesterday. The Boers gal loped In force toward Potgioters, the wagons and guns following. It was evident that the burghers suspected an attack. The seasonable rains have commenced and the rivers are flooded. The Tugela rose yesterday to such an extent that it carried away the Boer bridge behind Hlangwane Hill. The soldiers are enthusiastic over the news from England that a corps of yeo manry volunteers is to be raised. A GERMAN SHIP SEIZED. The HrHlh.li Deelare the Veel Car ried Contraband of War. LONDON. Dec 30. The German- East African Line steamship Bundeerath has been captured as a prize by British war ships and taktn Durban, Natal. Three German officers and twenty men, clad in khaki uniforms, who intended to serve in the Boer army, were passengers on rhe Bumlesratb. HAMBURG, Dec. 30. It is J aid here that the Bundesrath did not carry anything con traband of war. It is reported fbat the German Foreign Office has prctn!s3d to in vestigate the affair at onec. NEW YORK, Dec 30. According to Lloyds the Bundesrath sailed from Ham burg, November 8, bound for Tanga. A despatch to the "New York Sun," from Berlin, November 30, stated that the "Kreuz Zeitung" printed a sensational story to the effect that Arthur Cnamber lain, and head of the Kynochs, the great gunmaking firm, had been supplying the Boers with arms and ammunition. It was further rtated that the German mail steamer Bundeerath had made two trips to carry this war material, which was shipped ironware. GREETINGS FROM THE QUEEN. The Mayor of KImberley Kj.ehun;?eM MeasnceH "With Iier .MfiJcHty. LONDON. Dec. 30. The War Office re ceived a message from the mayor of Kim berley, dated December 28, conveying on behalf of the inhabitants. New Year greetings to the Queen. ' Her Majesty replied as follows: "I am deeply touched by your loyal greetings. 1 watch with admiration your determined and geHanc defence, though I regret the unavoidable loss of life in curred." Dr. Leyilh .Mitkcs a Denial. AMSTERDAM, Dec. 30. In an interview in the Handelsblad, Dr. Leyds, the Euro pean agent of the Transvaal, denied that nmmunition has been imported by his Government through Deiagoa Bay. He pays that these reports have been spread as a pretext Tor the forthcoming British occu pation of that territory. The Boers, he says, are able to manufacture their own munition. American) AVltli the British. FRERE CAMP, Dec. 29 (Delayed in transmission) A great many Americans are serving hero with the British mounted brigadcThere are seventy-five in one com mand of 460. The British officers say they are excellent soldiers, and that more of vhem would be welcome. The presence of the Americans is regarded by the British officers as an indication of the friendship Between the two nations. Hor.ses for South Africa. CALCUTTA, Dec 80. The rulers of Kashmir, Mysore, aad Jodlipur, have of fered troops and horses to the Government for service in South Africa. The Govern ment has accented the offer. Jodlipur is a famous horse-breeding centre. Shots lSielmiiKcd nl Victoria AVest. CAPB TOWN, Dec. 2S (Delayed in I transmission). There was an exchange of (shells between the British and a body of ; Boers at Victoria West last night. It Is I believed thai the Boers were trying to cut i off the British railway communication. llritish Olllcfi- Killed. PRETORIA, Dec. 29 (Delayed in trans- mission). The British prisonori. taken in i the Maloco-Mafcking fight slate that Cap- tains Vernon and Sandford wore killed, and that LordB Edward Cecil and Caven-dish-Bentinck were wcundou during the engagement. ,91.2:1 To Baltimore ami Ite- ijtl.2."; turn i in I'ennss lvauiu Hailrond T'Kr - ru ' jtnrdas and Sunday, l)e- ,1,1 (i ) aTU Si, ST- "1 ' r t ,rn uitil M n i , J tra r.i t 't f'tf ional NO PEAK OF A FENIAN BAID. The CanailiniiH Iteard nit Invasion an Improbable. OTTAWA. Out., Dec. 30. The recent talk of a Fenian invasion of Canada from 9the United States suggests an enquiry as to what extent the military resources of the Dominion are capable of affording successful resistance to a formidable at tack from an enemy beyond its boraers. The militia, as provided by statute, con sists of all male inhabitants of the Domin ion between eighteen and sixty years of age, divided into four classes, whose lia bility to compulsory service follows in suc cessive order as each class becomes ex hausted. Tho number of men now available for active service in Canada between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, comprising the first two classes, is estimated to be over one million. The totnl number of the active militia to be trained and drilled an nually is limited by statute to 45,000. Tho number now on the rolls is about 35,000 men. Col. .Matthew Ayliuer, adjutant gen eral of miltia, expressed today tha opli ion that Canada, in the event of a Fonian in vasion of serious proportions, could easily muster and equip 60,000 so.dlors accUi tomed to military training within a com paratively brief period. The probability of another Fenahi raid Js regarded by the autho.ltics here as far too remote to merit serious consideration. Leading Canadian journals also doal wi.ii the subject, if referred to at all, in a jocu lar spirit. The military author.ties, never theless, while treating the matter lightly, will not be caught napping. WILL USE COLT'S GUNS. The Canadian Minister of 31 i lit In Adopts nn Ameriean Weapon. OTTAWA, OnL, Dec. 30. The Minister of Militia, after looking into tho matter of securing Gatling guns to accompany the mounted rifles of the second contingent, and having communicated with the Im perial War Office, has decided that the most suitable weapon for the purpose is that made by the Colt's Company, of tho United States, and will, therefore, pur chase from that firm the equipment re quired. These machines will be under the charge of Captain Howard, an American, who served with distinction in the North west rebellion, and earned the soubriquet of Gatling Gun Howard. An offer of 200 trained soldie'rs, with him self in command, has been received at the militia department from Colonel Hutchi son, of Nashville, Tenn. He states that the men have served in the Cuban and Philippine wars, and are eager to come to Canada and join the second contingent. WORK OF BOER SYMPATHIZERS. Canadian Oflicinls Scire Buttons Ileuringr .Seditions liiNcrlptioiiN. OTTAWA, Dec. 30. A few days ago a large number of buttons on which were in scribed "Victory to the Boers," both in French and in English, were seized by the customs officials in Toronto and forwarded to tho department here. The result has been that the customs department has sent out a circular to all customs collectors and others, Instructing them to be careful of importations from a certain company, whose name is given in the circular but withheld from publication, operating In New Jersey. All importations of the character men tioned are declared to be seditious under the customs act and are therefore prohib ited. ALLEGED BOER RECRUITS. Tourists to Sail for Anple.s 12n Itoiitc to neiugon Hkj-. NEW YORK, Dec. 30. One of the al leged recruiting agents in this city for the Boor service says that the North Gor man Lloyd steamship Werra, when she sails at 1 o'clock tomorrow for Naples, will carry a detachment of fifty "tourists" who have been collected in the last week or two at the Boer recruiting stations near police headquarters. The agent says that this detachment Is but a small part of a body of men ex perienced in the use of artillery and in mil itary engineering collected here by Boer agents. They were to sail, he said, under the direction of an officer of the army of Holland, who came to this country recently to meet them, and who has been seen fre quently about the so-called recruiting sta tion of late. It is the intention of the party to go from Naples to Deiagoa Bay. There they will be received by agents of the Boer Govern ment, who will say that they are trained nurses. BOER RECRUITING STOPPED. I'ierot's Work in Cincinnati Oilleially I'rohihiled. CINCINNATI. Dec. 30. Further recruit ing in Cincinnati of men for the army of Oom Paul has been prohibited. Co!. W. E. Bundy, United State3 District Attorney, yesterday read the nitrnllty laws to Pierre Pierot. who has been conducting a recruit ing station for the Boor army on Elm Street. Pierot said that he was not in my manner violating the neutrality laws, as ne wab only enlisting men for the ambu'ance corps. Colonel Bundy, who has had experience in military organi7atious, bluntly loll him that the evasion would not work, as tbe ambulance corps was a pert of the army service, and its members were enl sled as soldiers. He told Mr. Pierot tbat auy knowledge of persons having enlist .d :r about to be accepted as recruits for the Boer army would subject him to an est under section 5282 of the neutrality laws of the United States Revised S atutes. Colonel Bundy was once the head of the national organization, Sons of Veterans. BOER AUTHORITIES CONSENT. American Army Otlicers Permitted to Accompany Transvaal Troops. A telegram from Stanley Hollls, the Con sul ad Interim of the United States at Pre toria, was received by the Secretary of State yesterday. Mr. Hollis was directed recently by the State Department to re quest the Transvaal Government to permit a United States Army ollicer to accompany the Boer forces in the field. In his des patch, Mr. Hollis says that the Transvnai authorities graciously consented to the re quest. The War Department will desig nate an ollicer for this duty without delay At the beginning of the South African war the War Department assigned foui officers of the Army to accompany the British forces in the theatre of operations. None was assigned to the Boer Army. The British Government, however, expressed a disinclination to provide for so many rep resentatives of the American Army, and in consequence tile orders ol three of the of ficers designated were recalled. Capt. Stephen Le H. Slocum. of the Eighth Cav- airy, was the only ollicer whose orders wore permitted to stand. He is now with General Buller's forces at Cheveley, It Is probable that 0110 of the officers previously designated to accompany the British Army will be assigned to the Boor forces. They are Col. S. S. Sumner, Seventh Cavalry, who was a major general of volunteers In the Spanibh- nierlcan war, and who is now the United States military attache in London: Capt William W, Gib son, of the Ordnance Department, and Major Join P trotg of the Seventh Artillery. LIBERIA FEARS BOROPE Appeal of the Blaek Republic to America for Hulp. The Ilea.son for the Despatch of the Mniitwomery to the African Const l2ichnuKc of Notes Jletv een the Govern mr ii ts of the. United Status, Great IJrltaln, Germany and France Some accurate information concerning the underlying reason, for fhe visit of the cruiser Montgomery to the ports of Liberia and Siorra .Leone in October was given to a reporter for The Times yesterday. The information came from an ofilclal whose knowledge of the facts and right to speak for the Administration are unquestioned. While he would not say positively thai the Montgomery had bem sent to Africa on diplomatic business, the statements which he made shovUBTTlTie Government deemed the cruiser' presence in Liborian waters to be necessary as a guarantee that the United States still exercises a paternal interest in the Black Republic, and will view with concern any attempt of foreign nations to menace the integrity of thnt country. For more than a year tho Government of Liberia has been very much alarmed over the suspicion that European nations were contemplating the soizuro of its territory. France was feared because her West Coast possessions adjoined Liberia, and had con stantly shown a dosiro to encroach on the territory of the Republic. It had been re ported that Germany wanted the country to strengthen .herself in Africa agalnsc France and England. The colony of Sierra Leone, adjoining Li beria on the south, is English, and there was apparently a fear that the British Gov ernment, being apprehensive of the seizure of Liberia by Germany, contemplated an nexing the country before Germany acted. The LIberian Government became so con cerned over these report that it appealed to the Government of tho United States for its support in preserving Liberian integ rity. Just when this appeal was made wasjnot disclosed, but at the timef the Montgom ery's visit to Monrovia the newspapers published a report that Germany and Great Britain were preparing to Beize Liberia. This report may have been based only on the fears of the Liberian officials. Th United States Government acquiesced in the desire of Liberia and addressed polite notes to the Governments of Great Britain, Germany, and France, calling their atten tion to the perturbation of. the African Re public and requiring thai assurances be given to quiet the fears 'so prevalent at Monrovia. Prompt responses of a satisfactory char acter were received by the United States. Each EuroDean nation interrogated gave assurances that it had no Intention taking any part of the territory of Liberia. If. Is supposed that this correspondence was recent, and that the Montgomery was sent to Liberian waters to show the world that this Government was prepared to resist any attempt on the part of a foreign nation to annex the territory of Liberia. Inci dentally tho Montgomery made soundings of the harbor of Monrovia and other places with a view to the posetoU jcquisition of one of them as a coaling" station of the United States. IN A MARSHAL'S CUSTODY. The President of the Globe National It a n U Cumin; Int. BOSTON, Dec. 30. District Attorney Bojd Jones received a telegram this morn ing to the effect that Marshal Osborne, of Los Angeles, Cal., has started East, having in custody Charles H. Cole, former Presi dent of the Globe National Bank. Mr. Jones expects the party to arrive on Satur day, January 6. The first step after Mr. Cole is delivered to the custody of the dis trict attorney w ill be the question of bonds. The case will then go over ntil the Marh term of the grand jury. The warrant sent to Los Angeles con tains four counts; the first charges Cole with receiving $000,000 on August 7 last and embezzling it, and the second accuses him of embezzling $300,000 on Augus: 17. The other two counts simply refer to these transactions. A NEW ANAESTHETIC. Prof. Aldrich Describes a Discovery to the Scientists. NEW HAVEN, Conn., Dec. CO. Three important announcements were made at yesterday's session of the convention of scientists now being held in this city. Prof. T. II. Aldrich. of Detroit, described his new anaesthetic chlorentone, a com pound from chloroform and acetone in crystals which can be administered In ternally. It produces anaesthesia without the injurious effects which come in the moments of lapsing consciousness 1 nder the inhalation process. Prof. Scripture, of Yale, presented a statement of progress in producing anaesthesia by electricity. It is possible with this invention to deaden the sente of feeling In a person's arm so that pins may be stuck into it with out experiencing any pain. Prof. Aldrich hns not made the current effective in the presence of moisture so as to make it available in the practice of dentistry. TWO KILLED IN A COLLISION. A Fast Freight Struck a Material Train on (lie Southern Railway. COLUMBIA. S. C Dec. 30. A material train putting In a steel bridge over the South Tiger River, where It is crossed by the Washington and Atlanta main line of the Southern, was nin into this afternoon by a fast freight. Philip Matchett, Superintendent of the Phoenix Bridge Company, of Pennsylvania, and Henry Foster, a bridge builder, were killed. Furman Green, sixteen years old, and three colored men were badly injured. The engine and ten cars of the freight wore splintered. A Telephone Combine. CLEVELAND, Dec. 30. A committee representing the independent telephone in terests of Indiana, Ohio. Michigan, and Pennsylvania has been at work In this city for a few days, perfecting plans for a long-distance service and n working combination between the independent com panies in these States. The plans were completed Ihis noon and tho committee adjourned. Each company will maintain its indi viduality. A clearing house will be estab lished similar to that of the banks, through which the various companies will do their business and balance accounts with one another. End of the I'ottery Trust. AKRON. Ohio, Doc 30. Thoro has boon a break in the ranks of the Pottery trust by the withdrawal of tho throe largest con cerns. Thoy are tho 12. II. Merrill Com pany, Whitmoie Robiaons & Co., and Mur kle & Co. This movement means tho dis solution of the Akron Pottery Company which has for several years been an agencj for tho lOwal manufacturing concerns. FI nil's lluslncss t llcs;c. stli and K. $0- (.eivis Ollkc Lx-iiiuut uii ''j. MENELEK'S MOVEMENTS. The Massing; of Abyssinian Troops Mystifies Kiironc. LONDON, Dec. 30. Tbe reason for the mobilization of a big army by King Mene lck of Abyssinia remains a mystery. It is admitted that the King has a big army in the field, but it has been semi-officially ex plained that the sole cause of this force is the necessity of looking after the well being of the Tigre country. There is no need for an Abyssinian army in the Tigre country, because that region has been phe nomenally quiet for a long time past. Menelek undeniably has some objective point, but it is not the Tigre country, al though many of his troops arc now there, to the sore discomfiture of the inhabitants, nis intentions must be known or suspected by the British, Italian, and other diplo matic agents attached to the King's Court, and presumably they have managed to let their respective Governments know the truth, but so far nothing has been allowed to transpire in Europe on the subject ex cept vague and intangible rumors. The latest report, published at St. Pe tersburg, declares that King Menelek and his court novcr loft Addisabebn, hut ad vices from Bijoubltal, on the coast, whence (here is telephone communication with Ad disabeba, state that all efforts to speak wun nun by Captain Harrington, the Brit- j ish agent, and Captain Cecco dl Cola, the j Italian agent, have(been futile. As a mat- ' ter of fact, they have not been in the cap- j itnl for three months nast. which la nf- Hcient proof that Menelek and his court are not there or else the Frenchmen who own the telephone line have taken good care to make it report British defeats in South Arrica, and news thereof must have reached Menelek. When King Menelek hears, as he must soon, of tho departure of the redoubtable Kitchener, he will probably show his hand if he is meditating nn anti-British move-' ment In the Soudan. THE TURKS FOR PEACE. The Arbitration Treaty Approved by Twenty-Sis: Governments. THE HAGUE, Dec. 30. The Turkish delegates have 3ignod the Peace Convention declarations. All of the twenty-six partici pating powers have now adopted the arbi tration treaty. The United States signed this article of the convention only, but will soon give its adhesion to the other declara tions of the convention by special protocol. The absence of Mr. Newell, Minister to tie Netherlands, and the illness of Andrew AVhite, the American Ambassador at Ber lin, who weie delegates to the convention. has prevented the signing of the pioticol j before this time. The United States, Cnina, and Switzerland have not s gned that por tion of the treaty in regard to the laws and usages of land warfare. The rules of the Ceneva convention as annlied to naval warfare wore sinned bv all the powers except the United States. That J part of the protocol which prohibits t 0 use of projectiles from balloons, projectiles that are capable of spreading gases,, and expansible balls, was not signed by Eng land. The United States agreed to tho first provision, and Portugal refused to sign the third. A NEW ANTARCTIC SHIP. German Explorers Will Benefit by Xnnsen' .Experiences. BERLIN, Dec. 30. The ship now build ing at Kiel for the German Antarctic ex pedition will be of wood and somewhat rounder than tho Frara. It will not fall away toward the keel like the Fram, Nansen having declared that the shape of the Fram was unsuitable for heavy weather in southern seas. The middle deck will be nearly on the water line in order to strengthen the vessel against the ! pressure of ice. A triple coating of oak. j pitch pine, and South Ameriean green wood , ...111 l. ... .,.. nnttn.. nnnlnot H . . I n ice, and from bow to stern there will be steel bands. The length of the ship will be about forty-six metres, the breadth ten or eleven, and tbe draught five. Coal and other store accommodation will be sufficient for three years. The ship will carry five scientific men, five officers, a crew of twenty men, and fifty sledge dogs. The vessel will be rigged as a three-masted schooner, electric lighted, and, according to contract, will be built by May 1, 1901, and outfitted not later than August 31. THE CENTURY DISCUSSION. It ltnwres in Europe With Unabated Vlj?or. LONDON, Dec. 30. The strange discus sion in regard to the commencement of the twentieth century rages with unabated vigor. Following the Emporor William's decision, Germany officially starts the new century next Monday. The Emperor's de lusion on this point may be hereditary, for when, on January 1, I860, the "Times" had an editorial on the "commencement of the second halt of the century," a discussion similar to the present on? rnged, ami the Emperor's grandfather, the 1 'uce CouBort, upheld the "Times' " conte .on. The most prominent victim of the delu sion here is no less distinguished person than that great mathematician and scien tist, Lord Kelvin. It seems an open ques tion whether the clergy of the Church of England is not bound to follow Emperor and Lord Kelvin. At a recent conference the archbishops reminded them of their strict obligation to adhere to the Prayer Book and its table for fiuding Easter Day, which says. "For the next century that is, from the year 1SG0 till the year 1S09, Inclu sive." . Sir Courtenay Boyle also makes a plausi ble argument for either side. He says the question is Insoluble, as the era was not used till long after the birth of Christ. It was first devised by Diouysius, the abbot, in tho sixth century. Sir Courtenay Boyle goes on to maintain that the founders of the era then had two courses open. He adds: "They might have described the events of the first twelve months after the nativ ity as happening Anno Domini Natl, and the events of the second twolve months as Anno Domini 1, or else the events of the first twelve months as A. D. 1, and of the second as A. D. 2." Either course is equally probable, but ho thinks the likelier sequence has been A. D., A. D. 1, rather than A. D. 1, A. D. -J. Death of Sir .lames JPnwret. LONDON, Dec. 30. Surgeon Paget is dead. Sir James Paget, F. R. S., D. C. L., LL. D., was created a baronet in 1S71, Since 1877 he had been sergeant surgeon to Her Majesty, and had been surgeon to the Prince of Wales since 1SG::. He wus president of the College of Surgeons in 1S75, and vice chancellor of London Uni versity from 1SS1 to 1895. He has pub lished several books, including "Le?tures on Surgical Pathology.' The KipliiiRs llinc Iiiliiicnyii. LONDON, Dec. 30. Rudyanl Kipling is confined to his bed with un attack ol in tluenu. His illness is not of a lialuro to cause anxiety. Mrs. Kipling and the two children are also suffering from influenza at their home in Brighton. liny Arrest General llereier. PARIS. Dec. 30. It ii imported that t'ze Government has d eel (fed ti a reU General Mercier. This as. tlon At 111 probably ba taken In comction with the p ocee'ing ngainft M. Maicel Ilabert Count Tolstoi Is FailliiK. MOSCOW Dec. .",0 Count Tolstoi (on ditiou has changed for tho woise. GENERAL LAWTON'S FUNERAL. The itciiiaius Leave Mnulln Tor the United Stntu. MANILA, Dec. 30. General Lawtoa's funeral took place this morning. At S o'clock the artillery began firing a half hour salute of thirteen guns. At 9:45 a. m. Trumpeter Haberkam sounded "taps." after Chaplain Marrin had offered prayer in the chapel. General Otis was present. At 10 o'closk the casket was carried to a caisson by members ot Gen eral Lawton's staff. General Otis and his staff in carriages were in line. After them came the foreign consuls in the full uniforms of their coun tries, the presidentkiues. and the head men of the tribes of Lusoh. The casket was placed on a launch and taken to the transport Thomas, accom panied by Chaplain Pierce, who will eon- duct the final services at Arlington. On j tne snip were also the remains of iiajor Logan and Major Armstrong. GENERAL WOOD'S CABIN-BT. The Appointees Will Knter Upon Their Duties January 2, HAVANA, Dec. 30. -Governor-General Wood will announce the names of the members of his cabinet tomorrow as fol lows: Secretary of State and Government Diedo Tamayo. Secretary of Justice Luis Bstevez. Secretary of Instruction Juan B. Her nandez. Secretary of Finance Enrique Varoaa. Secretary of Public Works Jose R. VII lalon. Secretary of Agriculture Rnla Rivera. Varona was originally slated for Min ister of Instruction, and Rodriguex for ' Minister of Finance. j All of these men stand high in the opin- ! Ion of Cubans, and the appointments will i undoubtedly give general satisfaction. The j Minister of Instruction. Mr. Hernandez, is j a professor of great repute in the nni- I versity. The new officials will take office ' January 2. NINE SAILORS RESCUED. The Schooner Kntiny IJrovn Sinks OfT Cape Hntterns. CHARLESTON, S. C, Dec. 30. The schooner Margaret B. Roper, from New York, arrived in port today, bringing Cap tain Lawrence and crew of eight men taken from the schooner Fanny Brown, lost off Hatteras Tuesday night. In a collision with the Margaret B. Roper the Fanny Brown was hit amidships and rapidly filled with water. Gallant work by the officers and crew of the Roper saved Captain Lawrence and his men. No information regarding the cause of the collision would be given by shipping masters or members of the two crews though it is said that the crash was due to a mistake in signals. FOUR KILLED BY AN EXPLOSION Low Water in a Boiler Cannes a Fatal Accident. LANCASTER, Pa., Dec. 30. Four lives were lost and live men injured this morn ing on the Pennsylvania Railroad improve ments now in progress near Elizabethtown by the explosion of a boiler. The engines, a colored man named Burt Davis, was blown to pieces. The accident la bslievel to have been caused by low water la the boiler. A large number of workmen were warming themselves near 'toe to'ler when it went to pieces, and those not hurt saw debris awl bodies go up into the air in a perfect rloud. Besides Davis, a man from Bainbridge. Pa., and an Italian boy were instantly killed. The Italian's body was hurled 150 yards. Wilmer Sherbahn, of Newvflle, Pa., was eo badly injured that be died in two hours. THE INJUNCTION REFUSED. A Union of the Pullman and Waj?ner Companies I.enU CHICAGO. Dee. 30. Judge Tuthill today refused to issue tbe injunction petitioned by Truman A. Taylor to restrain the merging of the Pullman Palace Car Com pany and the Wagner Palace Car Company, under tne name 01 me I'uuraan company. In his ruling Judge Tuthill held that the sleeping car business was in the control of the railroad companies, that combina- tlon between them would nave lo be shown before any monopoly of the business could be declared, and that the sleeping car companies are simply the agents of tbe railroads acting under contracts, as do other employes of the railroads. Robert T. Lincoln, President of the Pull man Palace Car Company, today filed a certificate with Recorder Simon, in which it was set forth that at a special meeting of the stockholders of the company on De cember 5. 1S99. the name was changed to "The Pullman Cainpany." AN ENGINE AND CAR COLLIDE. A Colored Man Probably Fatally In jured at a Crossing. CHICAGO, Dec. 30. Shortly after 3 o'clock this morning a Pittsburg. Fort Wayne and Chicago locomotive struck an electric street ear at the Root Stseet grade crossing of the railroad, cutting the car In two. There were seven passengers on the car. One unknown colored man was proba bly fatally hurt. Roberts Stewart was se verely injured. The other jtassengers and the motorman escaped by jumping. The ciossing at which the accident occurred is said to be one of the most dangerous in the city. Accidents there are reported fre quently. RUN ON A SAVINGS BANK. Depositors Eear the Institution Was Involved in the Globe Failure. LYNN, Mass., Dec. 30. Owing to rumors that the Lynn Five-Cent Savings Bank was involved seriously in the failure of the Globe National Bank of Boston, there was a run on the Institution today, and de positors, mostly of small amounts, with drew their savings. At noontime the working people, who compose a large part of the depositors, came wto the bank in largo numbers, and, despite the assurances of the officials that the money was safe. carried their savings away, to the amount of about $40,000. Later, when several business men of the city made deposits of from $390 jo $200 each, some ot the people wavered in their fears and put their money back. Instead of closing the bank at 1 o'clock. as usual, the doors were kept open until t? o'clock, and the money paid out as fast as t it was wanted. The bank has deposits of $80,000 in Boston banks, which was not touched today, besides about $50,000 in its vaults, so that If the run continues next week it will not run short of funds. n Escaped Murderer ivillcd. BRONSON. Fla.. Dec. 30. W. W. Wil- iams, a condemned murderer who escaped fiom jail here in June last, was shot -l Killed this morning wiiile resisting arrest. Two officers were severely wounded. 11. .t O. Holiday Itules. Account Cliritiiia. and Nr e-.tr holiday tbe Ilaltunorc and Olihi Railroad will sell uriun titkits at rctlmrtl latr-, KfWi.n Bkhimorr, Pitta Imrii, lieclinn. lrk 1 t'ng Snj-'mi;; bniti.n aT'd 1 tfruush ite r 'l! . I' umIm 'I ! p, h auil Jjnan 1 1 . n x.lui.1 U. J.t -tr I, l. i-He. GOAL MINERS TO Sill Ten Tliiusunil 3Ien Will drill Work on Jnniiarv I. Demand for Higher AVnj-e KeiFusciI by the Ilitnniinuns Oporators-The Ifimplojcr Hold u Convention at Portage anil Determine te Go Out Unless Their Pay Is Increased. ALTOONA, Pa,, Dee, 30. -The bituminous coal miners along tbe Pennsylvania Rail road, between this city ana Johnstown, took the Initiative ia the great strike at a convention held at Portage last night. Delegates represeatins about MO miners, after receiving an unfavorable reply to their demand for an increase of wae. voted a strike, to go into effect January l. About 1,000 miners. In the vicmity of Purl tan and Portage, refused to go to work to day. The delegates from the Cambria and Clearfeld region voted for the strike, but stated their men would not go out until after the action of the executive commit tee of tho United Mine Workers, new in session at Indianapolis, was made known This practically means that 10,009 miners will be out January 2. The operators have steadfastly refused to grant tbe increase asked, claiming it Is ruinous. Tbe whole region, employing about COyOjo men, is pledged to tbe strike, unless Ihe increase is given at the first of the year. The action of the convention at Portage will be the brand which will fire the whole distil. 1. unless steps are taken immediately to nip the Maze of enthusiasm. Special advices from Puritan say that every effort will be made to get the men there to return to work. Some of the nearby towns are not affected, 'id vices tonight from Lilly aad Frugality state that none of the miners at either phv attended the Portage convention, and tbe operators believe the men will not strike unless ordered out by tbe national executive committee. In the Arnot region 3.000 men are ready to join the movement and 1.000 are already out. The Tioga and Jefferson fields, like the" southern district, have simply been waiting for some others to take the initia tive before closing every colliery. Tbe effect of a coal strike now would be a national calamity. It would mean the closing of hnadreds of mills now running day and night In the East, it would cut down the trade on the Pennsylvania main line from forty to sixty trains per day. ag gregating a car movement of about ' '" 0 daily. OPPOSED TO MB. BRYAN. Texas Populists Say the Silver Lend er Is Inconsistent. DALLAS. Tex.. Dec 30. Th Pnnu!-t j State Executive Committee was in -tecrt session here all day, and adjourned late this evening. The announcement was made to newspapermen after adjournment that it was a straigbtout middle-of-the-road affair: that tbe committee was a unit against fusion of any kind in next .ear a campaigns, aad that there was not on friend for William J. Bryan in the meet ing. It was stated that he bad ben m- j eoesiatent by training with Tammany ia .i 1 urn. ana wiin vtoeoei in iveniucRy Tbe entire day was spent in a discussion of campaign ptans. Among the tbrog-s agreed upon was a demand that the Popu list National Committee have the Populis: National Convention held at least one month earlier than either the Republuau or Democratic conventions Its represent a tlon from Texas to tbe national convention was fixed at fifteen, one from eaeh Con gressional district and two from the State at large. It was determined to place middle-of-the-road State, Congressional, legis lative, and county tickets in the field in Texas in 1900. and that the war cry ahouiJ be "Down with fusion." The representation in the State eonvfa- i tlon was placed at one delegate for each 10,000 votes cast for Kearby for Goverawr in 1S96. Chairman Bradley was instruct J to callw the committee together again ii March at Waco to determine tbe time awl j place for holding the State convention, , Hon. Barnet Gibbs, of Dallas, who ran ( for Governor on the Populist ticket ha 1S9S, did not participate in the meathsg; 1 He was tabooed by tbe Populist leaders be cause he has declared his intention to vow for Bryan next year. MR. BRYAN STARTS FOR HOME. The Silver Leader Will Leeture in the North and East. AUSTIN, Tex., Dec. 3. COL Willhutt J. Bryan left today for Lincoln. Be stated that he would be absent from Austin above a month, and would deliver addresses at number of places in the North and Mrs. Bryan and the children will in Austin until next April. Owing to Usi departure from tbe city Bryan was un able to participate in aa ostrich race wiUk Former Governor Hogg. It was to have taken place this afternoo-. but has been postponed until his return. A NEW YOSK BROKER FALLS. The Assets Said to lie Hive Times the. Liabilities. NEW YORK, Dec 30. Stanley H. . Stewart, doing business at Stewart Jk Cow bankers and brokers, 40 Wall Street, filed a petition in bankruptcy today, The pe tition was sworn to by Mr. Stewart Dotem ber 2S, in Washington, D. C. The, schanwlsa give the liabilities as a firm at JSSU11. and those of Mr. Stewart lndrvidaaBy L S59. The firm assets are nominally $1,313,857. and individually $1,000. Mr. Stewart van formerly with Emerson. McMillan & Cow, and in August, 1895, organized the arm of Stewart ft Co., to trade in securities oC railroads and manufacturing companies, and to assist in reorganizing raUroads. A DRY GOODS FIRM SUSPENDS. The ISiivn Melutyre Company Gbbs Into Bankruptcy. NEW HAVEN, Conn.. Dec W. The fail ure of Even Mclntyre's Dry Goods Com pany for a quarter of a million dollars was announced today, -and created a seasattoai In butictss circles of southern New sne- Uml Th rnmmn filed a netitioB (Mr aal I untary insolvency In the United States Cir cuit Court at Hartford. Tbe lUbilltiss were scheduled at 25U.000 and assets sheas $100,000. The company conducted what was probably the most ei tensive dry geeos business in this State. Tbe company incurred unusually heavy. obligations during tho summer months, and! failed to unit thsiu late this fall. Two .Miners Killed by a Ckvo-Ih. GALENA. Kans.. Dec. 30. A cave-in oc curred at tbe Robins zinc mine yesterday j afternoon, killing John Rhodes ami Harvey , gparKs miners. Each leavea a widow aad! '. famiiv' vt lenst 100 tons of dirt eU. 1 SUutinsr M i.U'ii & frtday. .l.-r; to Baltimore and Iteteurn via. 11. A O. Saturday and Sunday. V n !, r 1 1 a . 1 ' - 1 111 ' '-'- M li '-. ,; -l a U.U-.5 ev . . K . i - J.