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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, January 28, 1900, Image 6

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rcucATio orncr
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Tin emulation of The Times for the
ending January 2T I was as folio
bundav January 21
Mondaj January 22
Tuesday January 23
Wednesday January 21
Thursday January 25
rriiij January Ji
Saturday January 27
414 H
lljih ascrage undai 00110 excepted llNs
The Adierttscn Guarantee Company of Chi
cum hereby crrtihes that it has In iti expert
examiners proirn and attested the circulation of
Till TIMhS ot Washington I a The daily
atcrigc IAII circulation for the month of ho
vrlnber 18OT was 40WS copies
Tlii it guaranteed to the advertisers of the
countn by a boad of MP00 In the Fidclitv and
Deposit Ccaipsnv of Maryland deposited with the
Northwest fvrtional IllnV ot Chicago
Iy J It MMtON President
Great llrltnln nml the Cminl
The London Spectator one ot the bes t
exponents ot Intelligent and liberal opinion
In the United Kingdom lias ccme out
Equarely for an abandonment of the
treaty contention by Great
Britain and urges the desirability of a
trans Isthmian canal to bo built owned
and controlled exclusively by the United
States As far as the subject matter is
coLcerned this evidence of dawning sense
on the part of our British relative is in
teresting rather than Important because
whatever may be the Insular lien on the
question the fact is that the
treat ceased to exist as an agree
ment upon the violation of Its most vital
condition and consideration within a very
few years after it was written and the
price ot perfidy paid to the American re
sponsible for its Imposition upon the coun
try So at least since 1653 the treaty in
question has been waste psper by its terms
and has been so regarded by the American
Goernment and people Any attempt to
revive it for the purpose ot obstructing
our progress In acquiring territory for
canal uses In Costa Ricj and Nicaragua cr
in the construction of the waterway and its
fortification at the present time could
only be regarded asjan unfriendly act on
the part of Great Britain If the wboe
British nation were to adopt the truculent
and stupid attitude of the London Chron
icle the leading Yankeephcbe paper of
the empire and should try to present the
treaty to us as an impasse it would not
make one lota of difference We should go
on leasing building controlling and pre
paring defences Just the same
Nevertheless we are glad to see a start
made in the direction of educating John
Bull In the facts and philosophy of the
canal situation and hence the people of
this country should feel kindly disposed to
the Spectator for lis missionary efforts
Its editor argues both sensibly and ably
that the United States could not build the
canal conjointly with any one European
power without inviting protest and hos
tility from all the remaining powers Con
sequently there Is nothing for the great
Western Republic to do but to undertake
the work alone It will be admitted ob
serves the Spectator by all who take
the trouble to look Into the matter that tho
British Empire will benefit greatly by the
canal That being so the sooner we come
to a frank generous and sensible under
standing with America the better
These are words at once manly and wise
If Lord Salisbury only knew it there Is
rot a solitary thing his government could
do at this hour of the empires peril to
cement friendship between the United
States and England which would be as use
ful or valuable as a notice to our State
Department that Her Majesty considers the
Clayton Bulwcr treaty in tbe light of a
lapsed and abandoned agreement
lltmlcliiK Teaching
A great deal has been said in ridicule of
tbe late John Rusklns theories of political
economy and also his theories of art but
at any rate no one cin say of him that he
was a mere theorist unwilling to make
sacrifices to prove his faith in his ideas
Most of his fortune was spent in the pur
suance of various enterprises founded on
what he regarded as the only Just and cor
rect laws for the conduct of business and
lie retained for his own use only an Income
of IL800 a year on which he said a gen
tleman ought to be able to live
The trouble with Rusklns theories was
that they were in advance of his time often
no far in advance that they seemed im
possible ot fulfillment But It Is Interest
ing to note that tbe intelligent public Is
gradually coming around to some of them
though more or less unconsciously as in
the case in all great movements
Some forty or fifty years ago much Joy
ful ado was made over the sudden progress
of Invention In various mechanical busi
nesses All sorts of things were made
more abundantly and cheaply than ever
before It was the time of veneere
chromo lilhographs and machine made
things of all kinds which replaced the old
handwork This was called progress and
we have not quite gotten rid of that Idea
of progress yet The theory so far as
there wss any seemed to be that ornament
was always better than a plain surface
and imitation finery better than a simple
but genuine article The great middle
class was waking up to the possibility ot
discarding its old limitations An Eng
lishman would perhaps say that the trades
people were dreaming that they might bo
gentlefolk The grocer tho carpenter the
wheelwright had ambitions for his son
and daughter above these which bis father
had entertained for him The wife of tho
mechanic found that she could buy vcl
Tet and silk of a sort whereas her mother
could only afford homespun The result of
all this was a glorious confusion of really
beautiful things bad imitations and a
mixture of designs and traditions which
was frankly hideous This sort of thing
Jarred on the sensitive beauty loving na
ture ot Ruskln and the moral aspect of
the imitation theory as It might be
called tn to him quit as uneadurabc
Hence his fen Id denunciations of sorno ot
tho manners end customs of his time
mixed most crlously with tbunderlngs
against actual vice and criminal abuse of
power One case In particular may serve
to illustrate this
A wrought Iron fen o rlx feet high sas
put around a public building at a space ct I
two or three feet from the wall This was
considered by the perverted taste of that
time to be an adornment RusMn took that
fence and metaphorically brandlshcl it
aloft for tbe derision ot the nation He
pointed out the fact that it served no
le usful purpose and in architecture tho
useless ifc rarely beautiful He then men
tioned the likelihood that the average
Kngllsh citizen would fill the space be
tween fence and wall with banana skins
cigar end1 torn paper and other rubbish
which would be bard to dislodge and a
continual eyesore to the passer by ITnal
ly he reminded his readers that enough
hard work had been put Into the fence by
the mechanic miner laborer and de
signer to make a reall usefu and beauti
ful article and that in short the peoples
money had been dishonestly spent in estab
lishing a nuisance Nowadays we are com
ing to sec that such a contention is just
that money spent for public buildings
should be so expended as to educate the
esthetic taste of the people and that ugly
things are just as expensive as those which
are artistic
It Ruskln had had his way the hutnbest
laborer should have owned furniture and
utensils as beautiful in their waj as these
in the possession of tbe rich the girls of
England whether rich or poor shojld
have had the fullest opportunities to de
velop a womanly wise and beautiful char
acter At a time when womans sphere
was resolutely narrowed down to very lim
ited space he advocated such an education
of girls as should make household duties
delightful and household woik artistic em
ployment He believed that no cleverness
no depth feeling no wisdom was too
great for use In the home His whole
teaching was only an expounding of that
easing of Keats that beauty is truth and
truth is beauty Ierhap3 as nations ad
vance in civilization we shall find the two
things are Indeed absolutely one
Clilnnn Cntlirrlne lie Medici
Events in China which In ordinary
times would excite Intense Interest
throughout the civilized world are consid
erably obscured by the smoke and noise of
the tragedy in South Africa Even as It
Is public attention has been arrested by
the dethronement if not the murder of
the young and unhappy Chinese Emperor
by that vicious and terrible savage th9
Empress Dowager Tsl An
The change denotes a determination on
the part of the ruling faction in China to
make a final attempt to stop the encroach
ments of modern civilization with Its
Western methods and appliances upon the
ancient barbaric organization of the em
pire and its society Evidences are not
wanting that the most powerful among
the higher functionaries and Influential
men of the country are in sympathy with
and are backing the hand of this Mongo
lian murderess The whole situation goes
to show that the endeavors which have
been made during the past half century to
bring enlightenment to tho teeming mil
lions of China and to educate the Impe
rial government into something worthy to
be called that of a State have been simply
This is true to such an extent that it
would seem about time for the great civil
ized powers to forego the farce of main
taining formal diplomatic relations with
such a tribe of savages and that the best
thing that could happen for tbe world and
for the unfortunate people of Chinese
Asia would be the partition of the empire
among the states of Europe Tsl An and
her butchering mandarins are no more to
be considered in the matter than would be
an equal number of Malays running
amuck The Empress Dowager together
with her counsel deserve the halter for
any one of a thousand crimes committed
by them Jointly and severally and they
should all get It
We do not think It would be well for the
United States to become a party bene
ficiary In the partition All we probably
would care to ask would be guarantees
that the open door would be maintained
for the benefit of our commerce That be
ing arranged we should be glad to see
the Chinese Empire with Its stupidity
Ignorance and crime disappear forever
from the political map of the world
The Private Tronlilcsi of Cleric iiirn
A clergyman In an Illinois town has been
ousted from his pulpit for wearing clothes
too fashionable for a minister of the gospel
at least bis congregation thought they
were It was declared that it was not fit
ting that tbe pastor of a church should ap
pear on the streets in golf trousers even
if he happened to be addicted to tbe bicy
The modern clergyman has a hard time
of it Between the old fashioned people of
his congregation who desire him to con
form to tho old traditions of speech and
conduct and the younger and more frisky
members ot the flock who decline to listen
to old fogies his lot Is Indeed far from
pleasant If he wears fashionable cloth
ing he Is accused ot extravagance It he
does not he Is thought seedy and old
fashioned The same restrictions apply
with even greater force to his wife if he
has one
It might be a comfort to the average pas
tor if his costume could be prescribed
and he could be ordered to wear clerical
garb on certain occasions and left to his
own devices on others On the other hand
some of the fraternity object emphatically
to being labeled arguing that they can do
more good by going among their people as
plain ordinary men without any distin
guishing badge On the whole it seeing
as If the fault lay with the congregation
It ought to be fully understood that the
church does not own its pastor body soul
and and that It has no definite
claim on his wife or children There Is
too Much inclination on the part of the
average bedy of communicants to find
fault with the pastor for doings perfectly
insignificant and in no way connected with
his usefulness as a man or a clergyman
Such an attitude uemorallzcs both the
critic and the criticised A great deal of
fault has been found with the modern
clergyman but it should bo romembered
that he Is in a measure made by his
church Under the present system it must
be so His livelihood and that of his fam
ily depend upon his success In bis profes
sion and this success depends absolutely
on his pleasing his congregation The con
gregation Jhould not lay upon him burdens
too heavy for mortal man to bear It has
no right to criticise his wardrobe or that
of his wife it has no right to complain if
the parlors wife docs not take an active
part In the work of tho church nor has It
the slightest claim on his children It pays
him a salary for conducting certain work
Sometimes this work Includes little more
than the preaching of sermons onco or
twice a week and the serving on certain
committee Sometimes it includes a vasl
amount ot visiting entertaining and doc
toring ot sick souls in general Every
conscientious clergyman feels that In order
to discharge his responsibilities he mast
make his sermons Inspiring and uplifting
and his personality a stronj force for good
in the church He also feels that he inual
be ready to give helpful counsel or otufnrt
to those in perplexity or trouble If be
does this it Is really all that ho can be
expected to ilo and he should be allowed
to accomplish It unhampered by pett
criticisms of personal matters which do
not affect his usefulness It la time that
the average communicant should under
stand that a clergyman has some right
and that first and foremost among these
rights is that of the possession of lilt uun
conscience and his own personality
The only thing which can reasonably bo
asked a clcrgjraan is that he shall be
honest and consistent If he preaches
against dancing card plavlng and
theatre going he should not Indulge In
these amusements himself that goes with
out saying He should not preach against
the love of mone and then go scheming
for a larger salary He should not preach
glowing sermons about the ancient mar
tvrs and then refrain from the exnession
of his own honest convictions because It
will be disastrous to him And In most
cases whtro clergymen are not thus honest
and outspoken it Is because if they were
there would be no place for them In their
profession In many cases It is a question
of giving up the only life for which the
thinker has any training and In which he
feels that he can be useful or of stifling
his doubts and being silent about his real
views It Is a hard position for the aver
age man and the congregation should be
liberal enough not to force him into It
Oom lnuln Mntiie
A statue of President Kruger is to be
erected in Tretoria and It is unique in at
least two respects In the first place it
is the first time in the history of sculpture
that any statue has worn a hat of the
plug variety In the second place ow
ing to the kindly and thoughtful suggestion
of Frau Kruger that hat is hollow so that
the little birds can drink out of the pool
of rainwater which will accumulate It
would be a picturesque thing If some day
a buzzard should perch upon the head of
the sculptured President and sit preening
himself while taking occasional sips from
the top ef the Presidents hat It Is safe
to say that no ruler has ever been exhibited
to the public with this particular variety of
water on the brain
This incident may suggest to the fertile
Imagination of Inventors still other devices
for making a statue earn Its living There
might be a little door In the pedestal
which when opened would reveal loaves
ot bread or bushels ot coal stacked away
there for the hungry The pedestal Itself
might rest In tbe middle of a pool from
which not only the little birds but dogs
cats horses and cattle could drink Or In
the case of a mercenary ruler the statue
Intended to do him honor might be ar
ranged as a sort of ma
chine which would be profitable to both
the public and tbe government There Is
no end to the original devices that might
be discovered for making statuar useful
as well as ornamental
Nevertheless most people v III be con
tent to do w Illicit such invenions They
will not consider that a pool of water In
the hat of a bronze or marble figure Is an
addition from either an esthetic or moral
point of view nor will they consider the
statue beautified by a fringe of little birds
perched upon the rim of the headgear
It Is reported that Secretary Gage is bit
terly mortified by the snub he has received
at the hands of the United States Senate so
much so that if it were not for private or
business reasons he would resign As It is
however his present position could not be
sacrificed very well without interfering
with plans for the future whicr have been
made with much care and forethought The
probability seems to be that Mr Gage will
not leave the Cbinet except as the result
of a most prcssng Invitation
The proposition to proclaim Agulnaldos
roaming bands of cut ihroats banditti
ought to furnish pabulum for a number of
fiery speeches by members of the McKinley
Walkover Club In Congress The Idea of
treating Malay murderers ts such must
naturally be repugnant to philanthropic
minds like those owned and operated by
Pettlgrew Wellington Mason Hale and
The test of strength between the parties
In the Kentucky Legislature has como at
last showing that the Democrats can count
upon fifty one or fifty two votes against the
Republicans forty five or forty six It Is
therefore assumed that when a vote on the
Coebel Taylor contest Is reached the sitting
governor will be ousted There ought to
bo war news from Frankfort very soon
Mr Montagu White it appears has de
cided that he does not desire recognition
as a diplomatic agent of Hie Boer Republic
in this country He Is reported to regard
It as more important for him to remain In
a private station of life and do what be can
agilnst his native lend on the side so to
Hjafrrln ami lie Coiiatllntlun
From the Ne York ivenine Post
The House of Itcprtfentatlres yesterday vindi
cated the sanctity of the American home by
action ublch prevents a polygamiit from serving as
a national lawmaier Unfortunately unneces
carily and unjustly It did violence to the Con
stitution of the United Statej In accomplishing
this result when the same end might have been
reached in a much more imrrenvc manner by
compliance with the fundamental law of the land
Itobcrts ouffht not to tenc aa a Congressman
Ivcibud cirtpt Huberts tales tLIs view llut the
man uhom the people of ttah elected as their
Itepresentithc and ttbo met the Constitutional
tests was as much entitled to be sworn in as a
member of the House on the first VIonday of De
cember as nas Itepresentatlrc Tayler of Ohio h
led the movement for exclusion This plain light
having been granted the House might then hsvc
proceeded to his expulsion without a momenla
delay beyond what a fair consideration of the
charge against his character should demand ot
only would he hate been expelled by more than
the requisite two thuds Tote but there is no
reason to suppose that a sin le ltepreentative
vtould hue favored keeping him In his seat
I he Iloer Ilrltlnli luiirr l
From the Indianapolis News
We are to be strictly neutral in this contest
in the nature of things The greXest customer
we have is Creat llntaln The best friend we
have Is Great Britain We should be exceedingly
foolish not to maintain a decent neutrality Any
other course will hamper us In the future Vc
ought to be sufficiently American to forbid the
intrusion of foreign prejudice of any kind Indi
v Idually wc may sympathize as e please and
all we please Dut in public expression we
oujht to be strictly neutral else we do our
selrcs great wrong by making a record that will
rise up against us
Texnns He Coot
From tie Calveston Nevn
If Teians will itar shoulder to shoulder and
do nothing rash or foolish this year the if ate
will lead In railroad building In factory build
log in the erection of pickeries and canneries
in industrial progress and in general prosperity
If the present movement toward better limes it
hindered ever thing posihle should I done to
fasten the responsibility right where it belong
The people of Texas now mean lu Ines and not
politics I
llritiilillintm fm f lalliK Of course
the Republicans unlike the Democrats
are nlwnts organized But to the end of
ngreeing deflnltelyiupon the details for the
management of the next Congressional
campaign n joint caticlis of Senate nnd
House Republicans will be held In the hall
of the House Tuesday evening Senator Al
lison will preside and ihc secretarial duties
will be divided belnreii Senator Kean and
Representative Loudrnslnger both of New
Jersey It Is understood that the chief
business to be transacted is the elec
tion of Chairman of the National Con
gressional Campaign Committee There Is
apparently no opposition to the re election
of Representative Ilabcock of Wisconsin
The only point of doubt is whether or not
Mr Ilihcock Is willing to again accept the
positiou He has served at the head of the
committee continuously for six years and
has conducted three successful campaigns
By the rule of averages It Is about time
for the Democrats to regain control of the
House Aside from the arduous duties and
thanklessness of the position this may de
ter Mr Babcock from desiring to undertake
a fourth campaign At the same time no
body lias come forward with an offer to re
lieve him of the task and it may be that
it will be forced upon him In such a way
that he cannot shirk It The Democrats
still arc undecided as to the organization of
their Congressional Campaign Committee
The name of Representative Slayden ot
Texas is the only one frequently mentioned
for the chairmanship since Senator Cock
rell has informed his friends In positive
terms of his unwillingness to accept the
position Mr Slayden Is young vigorous
and brOad gauged He Is In thorough har
mony with the dominent clement ot hla
party and enjoys the confidence of Colonel
Bryan as well as that of Andrew Carnegie
who It Is generally understood Is anxious
to contribute liberally to the Democratic
campaign fund provided the leaders commit
the party to his policy of contraction
llnuht ns ti Iorlo Itlen It appears
certain that tho threat of the Connecticut
tobacco magnates to create trouble for the
Administration if the Payne bill giving
free trade to Porto Rico Is adopted is hav
ing a deterrent influence on the party
leaders all down the line from the White
House to the Hall of Representatives It
Is claimed In some quarters that the Pres
ident is still friendly to the Pavne bill
but this it Is thought Is put forward for
purely political effect It is known that
Mr McKinley has been very carefully en
quiring Into the situation In Connecticut
since the protest was made from that
State against free trade with Torto Rico
and it Is thought that not until he satis
fies himself that the passage of thp Payne
measure will not endanger the electoral
ticket In the Nutmeg State will ho Insist
upon the adoption of tbe measure at this
session It Is considered not Improbable
that the outcome of the whole business
will be the postponement of final deter
mination of the issues Involved to the next
session of Congresp when the Presidential
election is over and the Administration
will feel free to adopt a definite and vig
orous policy on this as well as the ship
subsldv scheme It Is argued that should
I the President assent to the passage of the
i Pavne bill now hewould thereby give deft-
niteness to a programme which political
wisdom demands should be vague and In
decisive for at least nine months or until
the ballots have been cast and counted
In November Meantime the Porto Rlcan
heathen having no vote can rage and pull
bis hair
Pnjn SiirccuMir Governor Roosevelt
has announced for the nlxteentn time that
be has definitely and Irrevocably made up
his mind to relieve himself of his Old Man
of the Sea the profane and obnoxious
I011 Payn The governor declares that on
Monday afternoon he will send to the sen
ate at Albany tbe nomination ot former
State Senator Francis Hendricks of Syra
cuse for superintendent ot Insurance
Coupled with this bold declaration of the
Rough Rider Is the announcement that the
Piatt machine has dropped Payn and will
not oppose the confirmation of Hendricks
And still the pertinacious Payn laslsts
that he will not be ousted presumably
meaning thereby that there Is a surprise
In store for the governor The relations
between Piatt and Payn have been so close
for twenty years or more that those con
versant with them are inclined to believe
that If the crafty Piatt has dropped
Payn It Is onlj for the purpose of making
worse trouble for Roosevelt than Pavns
retention of office could cause him ThU
view of the case takes cognizance of the
probability that the Piatt machine will
either defeat Roosevelt for renomlnatlon
or consenting to renomlnatlon will let
the governor flounder around by himself
In the campaign for re election with the
esult that he will be elected to retire to
Ojster Bay after even tho Vice Presidency
has slipped from bis grasp
Ilfinrlr tlieLrnns Heturii The po
litical onics In Washington are more
amused than amazed at the latest gym
nastic feat of the Hon W Bourke Cockran
in leaping at one bound from the plnnacla
of monometallism to the Chicago platform
That Is what Mr Cockrans avowed sup
port of Colonel Bryan Is interpreted as
meaning however much the New Yorker
may attempt to disguise it with ambigu
ous verbiage It Is recalled that only a
few months ago Colonel Bryan and Mr
Cockran were rival attractions at an anti
trust conference In Chicago and that on
that occasion the New York orator In ef
fect characterized as a pigment of an In
flamed Imagination the existence of tho
myrlad tentacled octopus which the Ne
braskan was striving valiantly to kill Mr
Cockrans declaration at this time that
there can be no objection to Colonel Bry
an Is accepted as Indicating tho recogni
tion by blm of Bryans Indisputable lead
ership and a keen desire to get In the
bandwagon before Richard Croker returns
from Europe and debars him from a seat
in that vehicle There are some persons
who believe that Mr Cockran even Is bid
ding for the Vice Presidency but It Is con
sidered not very likely that Croker would
permit him to go on tho ticket at any price
Ij neli Iniv Ireerilenl
r rom thei Raltnnore Sun
lieprewntalhr lie Armond of Jtlouri In his
admirable sh agalnt the exclusion of Mr
Itoberts of Utah frem the House without per
initting him to tak the oath said The
argument ot the msjorlly that the method of
turning Mr Itoherti out of the House matters
ot is the argument of Judge Lynch The vote
on tho exclusion oj Mr Roberts shows that
three fourtln of the inemben of the House re
corded thenvehes aSjn favor cf Judge Lynch
methods The Democrat who voted with the
majority may have cause some day to regret
that they assisted in establishing a precedent
ased upon lynch law
I he Independent Aerie ultiirlol
From the Detroit Free Press
Who can sit out under the apple tree and
smote a dudeen gather his dinner from his own
vines and send for a fig tree if he wants itf
Who can drir down to the corners when he feels
like it hunt rabbits for the cost of ammunition
tale nuts and elder in his shirt aleeveo and
flippers order the hired man around wltliout
fear of a strike feast from his own hen roost
gossip outside the church whi the women hear
the sermon and shave Just when he wants tot
The farmer
TVe is flo sense In wrangling alwut it He
is It most Independent member of the human
family and alwavs more independent this year
than he was last If everjlwdj was a farmer
there would lw no use for dairies
From the Chicago Times Herald
In cold fact he is a renegade consul with no
diplomatic status whatsoever tilled upon to
iL for UrilHi subjects in the Transvaal what
llritish consuls luJ done for American subjects
In Cuba he lietrajed his trust and ignored all
tho o considerations of International comity which
were lnqwsed upon him by lis government in
deference not to He Hnllsh alone but to a
common cutom
From Harpera Weekly
The exultation and derision In the con
tinental capitals nnd press over Great Brit
ains reverses In South Africa are no reve
lation to the well informed but only con
firm extended observation as to anti
British feeling It Is Idle to enquire why
this is so Intense or whether It should be
ascribed to manner to success In govern
ment and commerce to the longest reach
In land grabbing or to tho alleged pre
tence of pious interest In civilizing In
ferior peoples It has helped to concen
trate critical attention upon the supposed
weak points In the fabric of British Em
pire presumably with the object of po
litical aggrandizement There is no tell
ing what secret negotiations may be going
on In the chancelleries It would seem that
the Anglo Boer war has only well be
gun and that for some time yet possible
eventualities will be matter of delightful
contemplation for hostile powers It may
be assumed that the French Foreign Of
fice expects further British reverses and
that Russian strategists have traced with
nicer calculation tho lines of advance that
would open the Persian Gulf to Russian
commerce or make India a Russian cat
rapy This is an old story but the possi
bility of seeing It realized will accentuate
its interest for Englands enemies and
cause solicitude to her friends Continen
tal European powers arc more than Inter
ested In any probable partition of the out
lying British estate and any serious deca
dence of British military power will speed
the preparation for it The beginning of
tho end may have come some of tfem
think But has it come What is the
measuro of the fighting strength ot the
British Empire and how can it be known
when power ot resisting a hostile combina
tion has been hopeessly weakened If as
a German military critic has recently said
British tactics teach nothing and tho n
glish soldier as compared with bis Scotch
and Irish companions In arms is begin
ning to show that something Is wrong with
him that state ot things may lead to the
discovery of unsuspected defects Id tho
other branch of the service and somi are
already asking whether the British Nfcry i3
really as strong as commonly supposed If
so then the final breaking up may go on
apace Iru the meantime however expert
military opinion will weigh the present
British difficulties ot campaigning In South
Of course the naval arm has the chie
powers of both offence and defence It
needs to be so as Great Britains chief
peril is her assailable lines of ocean com
merce But if as Mr Gladstone once said
the difference between continuous empire
and empire dispersed over sea is vital that
difference Is not necessarily adverse to the
defenslbllity of widely scattered maritime
possessions It Is yet to be proved wheth
er under present conditions of naval war
fare the wide dispersion ot British power
is not a source ot strength rather than
weakness Many maritime points to de
fend have assured many bases from which
to attack On the other hand the eleven
or tntlve millions of square miles of tho
ments In International relations These
have been less due to treaties and
macy than to an awakening to this con
sciousness of race among English speaking
peoples and are aiding the moral reunion
of two great nations politically divided
and to some extent estranged for more
than a century
tal Europe In regard to the Spanish war
and British friendship for this country
showed that the English speaking peoples
have been grouped as one by foreign opin
ion that they are supposed to stand for
the same fundamental principles and may
be expected to act jointly in presence ot a
common peril ThU great change has dis
turbed the former balance of power In Eu
rope and may detach certain prudential
friendships Notwithstanding the Triple
Alliance Germany has never quite gi n
up tho Blsmarckian doctrine of the neces
sity ot maintaining good relations with
Russia but the Anglo American under
standing Is well calculated to enable Ger
many to dispense with any such necessity
If tho future of his empire points to the
sea as tho Kaiser has publicly declared
It Is not to be presumed that he will slght
the advantage ot a friendly understanding
s 1th a power best able to Impart the se
cret of profitable colonizing Germanys
present attitude in foreign affairs has rn
doubtedly been influenced by the friendly
feeling between this country and Orvat
Britain Among the dangers asserted to
threaten the British Empire In tbe present
crisis this country and Germany could not
be Included Nor In default of any sign
of Russian advance on India Is th e spe
cial reason tor alarm from that source In
view ot the deep absorption ot Russian en
ergy In the building of the Trans Slberlin
Railway development of Interests In Chi
na and financial reconstruction at home
there could hardly be a less auspicious
time for an attempt on British supremacy
In India The army officers Impatient of
advancement and perhaps alive to the op
portunities of peculation would no doubt
favor such an attempt but weighty rea
sons of state are In their way Besides
Russia Is watched by Japan and any seri
ous diversion of Russian military strength
might result In a Japanese Invasion of
Korea Nor can It be denied that the Anglo-American
understanding Is a new fac
tor In political calculations at St Peters
The real strength of the British Empire
in warfare is measured by sea powir and
the protection It affords to transport ot
troops to the coasts of an enemy I or this
reason statistics of the military strength
ot other nations ns compared with that of
the empire are not specially Illuminating
As already noted no large army of a great
power could Invade British territory from
a land base except on the Canadian and
Northwest Indian frontiers Elsewhere the
war would be naval and on tho British
side would be carried on under conditions
quite unequaled for aggressive operations
Any hostllo power posseted ot colonies
would bo subject to risk of their loss The
ocean says Sir Charles Dllke is In fact
a Brltliih possession not Indeed a British
property conveyed or settled by treaties or
title deeds but English In the sense that
Engllsh nen Incomparably more than oth
ers usi It and occupy It This occupan
cy has Indeed attained a settled cinclencj
unique among maritime nations Its naval
aspect Is expressed by fortified coiling sta
tions established where strategic colonial
seaports can be defended and British oeean
trade routes can be best commanded Each
of the more Important stations Is fitted to
be an Independent centre of naval opera
tions It Is Interesting to quote here the
opinion ot M Lockroy the former French
Minister ot Marine In a recently publish
ed Interview In the Figaro As tbe
French fleet ranks next to the British in
size and conslderab exceeds either ths
Russian or Italisn tbe comparison will
servo a double purpose M Lockroy says
The English are more than twice as
strong as we They have nearly six hun
dred warships ot every tonnage and form
to which they can add three or four hun
dred steamer ready to be armed for war
They are strong enough to confront France
and the Triple Alliance combined Tho
number ot their vessels is not only vastly
more formidable than ours and th tr per
sonnel more numerous but their organiza
tion Is lncontestably superior to tbst of all
the other fleets in the world On
all the seas our fleet finds Itself before an
English fleet double or triple In number
and commanded by young officers In all
the seas the English have pointsa appui
have added that the more Important ot
these stations are also practically Impreg
nable fortresses
In the present urgency ot competitive
world commerce British sea power has a
greater Importance than ever before In
the last resort the weaker navy means the
weaker maritime commerce and there Is
an eager watch to grasp precarious trade
from thoae unable to hold It France for
example Is now bending renewed energy
upon the improvement of her colonial em
pire Into paying returns But if she had
staked a war upon Fashoda her army
would have been useless and her navy in
adequate Nor could the naval power ot
Russia have been an efficient aid s It
consists of four distinct fleets three of
which are tied up In part for local opera
tions In the Baltic Black and Caspian
seas respectively while tho fourth pro
tects Port Arthur and Vladivostok Had
war been declared the French colonial
empire would have been attacked at once
No more favorable opportunity could have
been desired for tbe settlement ot the
Newfoundland west shore difficulty by the
capture Ot St Pierre and Mlquelon Hall-
fax and St Johns Newfoundland would
have served for naval bases Operations
could have ben simultaneously directed
against Martinique and Gaudeloupe In the
west mates wnere two strongly lortltleo
Africa with a care and judgment quite le- naval stations Kingston Jamaica nnd the
moved from ready propecy and Its j Island of St Lucia are within easy strik
pralsemcnt of British fightlns quality and Inf distance Then again Madagascar
uI1 ve been attacked from the
I power-
win nrrhhW tv n mrrln for
new military problems suggested by recent
iui naval station of Mauritius a
lively short distance to the east- To the
battles and which are too perplexing jt southwest on the African coast Is the Brlt
to yield safe conclusions I I11 Port of Durban New Caledonia could
nave Deen auacKeu ironi ayuney or uris
i bane on the east coast of Australia The
Asian possessions and protectorates ot
France are within reach ot Hongkong
Singapore and Trlncomalee in Ceylon all
fortified naval and coaling stations ot tbe
tlrst Importar ce This Is not a complete
i enumeration of the naval bases available
against France Such an enumeration
would show that the whole colonial empire
of that country would be endangered in
the event of war with Great Britain And
the French colonial empire Is with the ex
ception ot the British far more extensive
than any other
In view of these facts what special peril
can be said to rteuace the British Empire
on account of tb war In South Africa An
i eminent American naval designer writing
on this topic said recently that the whole
continent of Europe could not land one
earths land area under British rule or pro- soldier In South Africa or anywhere else
tectorate could be endangered by only two JS31 the wl ot Egndi aad that f
England wants to crush the Transvaal she
formldabl bases of attack by a largo In-
d K smpIy gDd soej bjr Trtue of
vadlng army without first reckoning with her overmastering sea power That does
1- W 1 I a t Anw en in n a wl 1 t I n 1
me uteusive Liuve ul uio aituuAok uk i uvi nfticv mm luc luituiduuua ui lumt
In the world If the Government ot the
United States should ever again declare
war against Great Britain it could send
an army across a Canadian border line un
protected for many hundreds ot miles Or
If Russia braving tho difficulties of trani
portatlonr should attempt aa invasion of
India by way ot Afghan Turkestan and
Cabul British naval power would be use
less In checking tbe Russian advance
But It would hardly be too much to say
who stake the Integrity of the British Em
pire on recent or future reverses In this
war As long as sea mastery remains to
one ot the belligerents a steady supply of
troops and munitions of war can be poured
into South Africa until the last man will
ing to fight there for British supremacy
has been enrolled
Undoubtedly the loss of Imperial pres
tige will have a bad effect upon the dark
skinned populations under British rule In
South Africa a black rising either for or
against tho British would be disastrous
that both these contingencies have been j J Progress of the war thus JTar has
made more remote br recent fanatic ir
I a Moslem population among the
tills of northern India that has the temper
of revolt There Is another In Central
touch But any weakening In the allegi
ance of subject races has been more than
counteracted by the support of the self
Kovemlng colonies This has been given a
heartiness that has already solved In part
Tho attitude of he P10011 of Imperial unity for purposes
cu ueieiice uuu points unmisuiKaDiy 10
further consolidation of the empire The
Australian and Canadian contingents have
done more for that great cause than many
years of political agitation could do From
the military as well as the naval point of
view the nction of these colonies has dis
covered for the mother country a now re
cruiting ground jealously guarded of
course by local control yet promptly of-
lerea in a grave crluls or the empire It
would be hard to Imagine any serious Brit
ish war of the future in which the prece
dent of loyalty will not be followed If
the colonies have not yet counted the cost
of this significant departure they have at
least revealed a temper that will be srenu
mis to fight for the maintenance of the
whole empire That result alone balances
the temporary loss of prestige from a few
repulses In South Africa It may also help
to explain why no continental government
wets although press and people may revile
and threaten Probably none of them
deems It expedient for the present to be
more than an Interested spectator of Brit
ish armies fighting under cover of the na
vys guns There is no real encourage
ment for them in Magarsfonteln and Co
lenso A dozen repulses of that kind would
not shorten the striking distance of a sin
gle British ship of war John W Russell
without reference to the mcliviuuvt views or its
members on the question cf who should be
United States Senator ft is easy to see where
Incompetent men might be ent to the legisla
ture on the popularity of the canJidate they
espotred for bwted States Senator and com
petent men kept at liome to the serious dis
advantage of the State at large
Saved n Trench Army Corps
From the New York Tribune
In the list of the Cluncellerie of the Legion of
Honor appears the name of Juliette Dodu the
only woman who has been awarded the Cross ot
the Lesion In addition to the military medal In
H70 Juliette Dodu was a telegraphic clerk at
Ilthivirrs and on the Cerman3 taking possession
of that place during the Franco Herman war a
message was given to her to send to once
Charl Frederick Kerluing Hat this meant do
atter to a portion of the trench Army she tore
up the message instead of sending it and for thla
act was condemned to be shot However whn
the Prince arrived she wis released and complt
men led on her courage for her daring act had
sjied J whole French Army corps
Tevhiilenl Schoeil eeiletl
From the New Orleans Picayune
What is necessary to any great progress iti man
uficturing in the Southern States is that there
slnll he Southern men who are competent to take
positions of responsibility in various lines of man
utactures It Ls the lack of information on these
subjects that makf3 Southern men with capital
averse to embarking it in Industries of which they
are wholly ignorant What the South needs to
supplv this moit serious want Ls schools for tech
nial instruction in all sorts of spinning and
waving and in the making and handling f ma
chinery for such purposes The State of Low laiu
has provided for two industrul school ae jlled
lut nothing tha his the s pe and ahliiv fo
usefulness that will be found a a prop r p v -on
for instruction tn textiles
A veiled statue of General Grant stands
in the rotunda ot the Capitol It Is a gift
to the nation from the Grand Army ot the
Republic It has not been viewed by the
Joint Committee on the Library of the
Senate and House of Representatives and
when this shall have been done the statue
will be unveiled without formal ceremony
It is said that there U no doubt as to its
acceptance by the committee On one side
ot the pedestal Is inscribed Presented by
the ff A It On the front of the pedestal
is a great bronze Grand Army badge Tha
sculptor Is Franklin Simmons In tho
er ctlon of monuments and statues at
Washington Grant has been neglected
None has been reared to him In the Capi
tal City though a Joint resolution was re
cently Introduced In Congress providing
for the erection at Washington of an
equestrian statue ot the great soldier
This resolution will probably be adonted
It Is said that there la not even a portrait
that la tn sav rvnrt whr shovr ran of General Grant lnthe Capitol The new
Plenlsb their coal reoalr damaces and find i statue stands In the rotunda with thoae of
both food and munitions We have noth
ing or altost nothing In comparison
Today to have a fleet Is nothing It is
merely a thing for show The thing neces
sary Is to have for that fleet coaling sta
tions in all parts of the World A fleet
without such stations Is as Admiral Vat
Icn said like a goat tied to a stake The
cord that holds her may be more or lass
strong but there she Is tied He might
Jefferson Hamilton Lincoln and Baker
It is the understanding that statues given
to the Government by societies if found
worthy shall be placed In the rotunda
while those presented by States are S3
heretofore to find a lodgment In Statuary
Senator Perkins of California recently
received a communication from some per
sons In a California small town address
ed Hon George Perkins President of tha
United States Washington D C
Senator Elklns of West Virginia was one
of the most Interested spectators In the
MeGraw -Scott election case before the
Committee on Privileges and Elections of
the Senate yesterday He was In the com
mittee room when the hearing was begun
and he was there at the close He looked
encouragingly at former Senator Faulk
ner while he was arguing the cause ot Sen
ator Scott
The statue ot the late Senator Kenna of
West Virginia still stands In Statuary Hall
with Its shroud on Tbe Committee on the
Library has declined to accept the statuo
as a work ot art and the sculptor claims
that his work was given a poor position
with regard to the light Tbe fate of the
Image has not been determined
The contested election case of Senator
Scott ot West Virginia which was argued
yesterday before the Senate Committee on
Privileges and Elections furnishes an ex
ample ot the manner In which politics may
be entirely forgotten even In a political
contest Former Senator Faulkner of West
Virginia who Is attorney for Senator Scott
was succeeded In the Senate by the latter
Senator Scott Is a Republican while Mr
Faulkner is a Democrat as is also John T
McGraw who Is the claimant for Senator
Scotts seat and Is therefore opposed to Mr
Faulkner Thus Mr Faulkner Is working
to have his successor retained In the Senata
In opposition to his own party
A meeting of the House Committee on
Mileage will be called In a few days to de
cide the claim of Brlgham II Roberts On
a motion of a member of this committee
Mr Roberts mileage account was laid aside
early tn the session but now that he has
been excluded a decision must be reached
as to whether or not he Is entitled to the
mileage allowed by law to a member of
Congress When the Attorney General was
asked his opinion on the subject he sug
gested that It be referred to the Comp
troller of the Treasury but the Comptroller
stated that he would be guided entirely by
the decision of the Committee on Mileage
Mr Barham Chairman of this committee
when asked hi3 opinion as to whethor or
not Mr Roberts is entitled to mileage said
that he should be glad to have him re
ceive it that he came to Washington ex
pecting to receive not only his salary but
also the perquisites belonging to the office
of Representative He stated however
that having studied the law on the sub
ject he could not see how the committee
would be justified in paying him though
when brought before them they might d
clde otherwise
MersjeiithrtlerM Lust AVork
From the PhlLdelohia Record
In the summer ot 1393 Ottmar Mergen
thaler the Inventor ot the linotype ma
chine who died in Baltimore recenfy
spent two days at Palnesvllle Ohio study
ing the working ot a basket machine which
he afterwarilmmodlned and improved and
which was tne last work rompleted just
before his death This machine as com
pleted Is as much a revolution in basket
making as the linotype has proven to to
in typesetting Where an expert operator
formerly produced 300 grape baskets dally
i1 KltCICr by hand the same operator with the
lrinuirs Kleetlnii
From the Houston Post
Tlir primary election is the safest and most
UtI factory way of getting at the public wish
It not only secures a free repression of the pub
lic will incapable ot corruption or of defeat
but leaves the various representative and Sena
torial districts to create the Mate legislature
chine with greater ease can now prc duca
lfiOi baskets dally and these machine
made baskets are said to be superior In
every way to the hand made article
The machine 13 of one horse power ard
can easily be attended by a girl It3 ca
pacity being the same as that of twelve
band operaturs It Is practically a self
feeding machine as the supplies of bot
toms strips for the sides and bands ata
placed In stocks near enough for the won
derful Iron hands to reach out and seize
and while one watches these wonderful
hands reach out for the material the
basket Is finished and the machine as
it vere holds its breath or rather Its
hands for a second while the basket Is
delivered when it Immediately begins
again its wonderful performance
The Popes Klntlnens at Henrt
From the Pall Jfall Gazette
Leo XIII life has been rich in good works the
hundredth part of which is not and never will b
known as one ot his chief characteristics Is wide
benevclence which refuses to bear a grudge and
to adiTtise itself Apropos of the letter in the
Pall Mall Gazette of October 3 relative to the
kindheartedness of Sutus V and the fishermans
rirg a story somewhat similar about Leo Xltl
ww related to me by one in high quarters Our
Pope he said reads character at a glance and
is rarely deceived One evemna when Nuncio at
Brussels he was entering his carriage to go to
dinner at the house of Count de Daillet when just
as his toot was on the carriage step a workman
wretchedlv dressed rushed forward insulted him
and attacked him personally Ilia servants ready
in hi defence seized the agresor and pros ceded
to make things hot for him but tie Pontiff then
simple Monsignor Peccv stopped them and calm
ly and kindly addressing the man said lly
friend 1 bear you nr malice for what you have
done are you in necdf Come to see me some
other time and let a 5 frane piece slip into his
hand Jiccdlrsjs to sav the workmin after much
encouragement went to see him and went so
oftej that the Xuncio eventually took him into
his service as 3 domestic ana even now ceo em
retains a benevolent recollection of him and re
counts that he never had a aervant more respectful
and more to be trusted
Itellirlon anil ews
Frem the InJianapolU Press
The experiment of running the Topeka Capl
tal for a week as a Christian Daily recalls
the fact that the Xew York World was started
in ISCO on that line It kept It up less than 3
year The Christian Witness also of New
ork was another failure Tills assumption of
recullar virtue Is always offensive Men shoutd
put Christianity into business but not p trade
their profession as a distinctive chum What
would he thought pf a Christian grocery or a
Christian shoe store The inevitable dissatisfac
tion and criticism every business enoimters would
tiring reproach upon the cause it professed to
Caiimit AlvTiiys Tell
From the Cincinnati Enquirer
MUNC1E Ind Jan I2 L I Manley a revl
estate agent of Albany was arrested as a vagrant
yesterday by a constable the charge being pre
feired by a man who had m grudge against tie
defendant In court the prisoner flduced a roll
of bills amounting to several thousand dollars
and displaved a certificate of deposit In a local
bank for SW00O You cant alwavs tcI a
nan by his dress Judge said Slvnley as he
walked out of the court room tbreush a crowd
of astonished spectators
Press Assents fur Senntirs
From the Providence Journal
The tricks of the theatrical pros agent are ap
pinntly copied In Washington Tints it is that
w ith the advance cope of the pee h of s nai ir
Koss of Vermont delivered in tK Senate r tent
It umc tiu important statement that 1 n
mud him If h v t liu matin 1 lim am it-
n a vot t uw us at tune to uu it t ll ult
hi ar him

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