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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, August 12, 1900, Second Part, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1900-08-12/ed-1/seq-12/

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The Sentiment Had Xo Rearing on
the National Union
Efforts of Alexandria and Gcorse
tonn o Be Rclenned From Their
Association With lie Citr of
IVanlilncton Aiipenln to tlie Slnry
Iaud and Virginia Legiblaturcs
The exclusive Jurisdiction of the United
States was extended over the District of
Columbia on the 27th of February 1S01
and almost Immediately plans were pro
posed for a change In the District bounds
or for Its entire abolition The act of
March 3 1731 which provided that nothng
therein should authorize the erection of
public buildings on the Virginia sde of the
river had created dissatisfaction there be
fore tho United Stnte took control and at
the third session which Congress held in
Washington Mr Bacon of New York In
troduced a bill to cede back to Maryland
and Virginia the land and jurisdiction
which made the District of Columbia On
the 3th of February 1803 the vote was
taken on this proposal and It was fotmi to
have only twenty two supporters In tte
House of Reprisenlatlies In 1SW the at
tempt to disestablish the District of Co
lumbia was again made by Mr Bacoa This
time bis proposal was to re cede to Mary
land and Virginia nil the territory except
the city of Washington These attempts
seem from the records to have been
abandoned after 1S0S for many years On
both these occasions Mr G V P Custis
of Arlington was an active opponent of re
trocession
However talk on the subject diu not
cease It was claimed on the one hand
that the constitution of Maryland had been
violated by the cession without a vote
upon the act having been taken at two
successive sessions of the Maryland Legis
lature In Virginia some talkeTS alleged
that the prohibition of tho erection of any
of the public buildings on the Virginia side
or the river was a violation of the terms
or cession and made it void Mr Bacon
and those of his opinion asserted that
Congress was authorized to accept a ces
sion enly of territory to be the seat of
government and that Inasmuch as
Georgetown Alexandria and the other
territory- outside the city of Washington
were not the seat of government the re
tention of that territory was unconstitu
tional
In ISIS another proposal for the disinte
gration of the District of Columbia came to
the front and a town meeting in Alexan
dra was called by the mayor Dr E C
Dick presided and Jacob Hoffman was sec
retary At this meeting a protest against
retrocession was adopted It was not
however until 1S31 that a general move
ment outside of Washington was made for
retrocession It had been proposed in Con
Cess to establish a Legislature for the
District of Columbia The two Utile cities
Csorgetown and Alexandria feared tne
overwhelming Influence of the continually
growing city cf Washington which might
deprive them of the home rule which ex
isted In their municipalities Georgetown
this time took the lead and made a strong
appeal to the State ct Maryland for help
while Alexandria made an appeal to the
Congressional delegation from Virginia
In the House of Representatives on the
19th of February Mr Wise of Virginia- in
troduced a resolution that the committee
on the District of Columbia be Instructed
W enquire into the expediency of reced
ing under proper restrictions and reser
vations and Tith the consent of the peo
ple or this Dlitrict and the States of Mary
land and Virginia the said District to the
said States
In Georgetown a series of popular move
ments la favor of a return to Maryland
ware initiated and after some prelimi
nary proceedings a mass meeting of the
voters of Georgetown was called The
meeting was held on the 12th of February
at the North Lancasterian school room and
the Potomac Advocate states that It
was one of the largest and most respect
able ever held within our town Mr
John Kuntz occupied the chair and Thom
as Turner was the secretary Mr S Mc
Kenney introduced a resolution that with
out reference to the political advantages
to accrue to that portion of the county of
Washington which lies west of Rock Creek
including Gorgetown from a retroces
sion thereof to Maryland provided that
it can be effected on such terms as shall
secure from Congress the reimbursement
from Congress of the debt created in the
improvement of the harbor and the con
struction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Ca
nal will In the opinion of this meeting
promote the pecuniary Interests and gen
eral prosperity of the citizens The
meeting requested tte mayor to order a
vote of the citizens of the territory affect
ed on the Hth of February and If such
vote wai favorable to retrocession to unite
with the common council of Georgetown
in bringing thsubject before the Mary
land Legislature
The- Georgetown committee went to An
napolis to seek help from the Leglilature
of Maryland and action on tho subject
was begun in April Just before the time
fixed for the adjournment A committee
Tcported a series of resolutions on the sub
ject the most Important being this one
Resolved That the General Assembly cf
Maryland do assent to the recession cf
Georgetown and that portion of the county
of Washington In the District of Colum
bia lying west of Rock Creek formerly in
cluded within the limits of Montgomery
County provided the Congress or the
United States do agree to yield its ex
clusive Jurisdiction over the same and In
such event tie said territory shall there
upon be held and deemed a portion of the
domain of Maryland and that the citizens
thereof be entitled to all the immunities
and privileges of citizens of the State
and the protection and continuance of all
the corporate powers which may have been
granted by the Congress of the United
States
On that occasion Mr Cottrnan of
Somerset submitted an additional jeso
lutlon as follows
And whereas the Constitution of the
United States has provlvded that Congress
shall have power to exercise exclusive
legislation In all cases over such district
as may by the cession of particular States
nd the acceptance of Congress become the
teat of the United States and
Whereas the territory north of the Po
tomac a portion of the domain of Mary
land has been apparently and ostensibly
ceded to the United States by an act of the
Legislature of Manryland which was not
ratified and confirmed by a succeeding Leg
islature and this ostensible cession of the
Somain being such a modification of the
Doisiitutlon as requires the action of two
juceesslve Legislatures In the mode pro
tided by the constitution of Maryland
Resolved That the territory aforesaid
was not ceded in conformity with the con
ttitutlon of this State and now Is and of
right ought to be part of the territory of
Maryland
The Legislature of Maryland however
idjourned too soon for final action on the
lubject and tho recession of Georgetown
never again assumed formidable propor
tions
The assistance given by Congress In se
curing the release of the Holland loan
when it was said that the District cities
were sold to the Dutch quieted for a
while the popular unrest at the want of
t vote that long galled the young men
e f the District but the entente cordiale
between the District cities was at an end
forever when the corporation of George
town passed resolutions protesting against
Congress giving aid in the construction of
the Aqueduct and the Alexandria Canal
which continued to Alexandria the Chesa
peake and Ohio Canal And althousft Con
gress save Alexandria 300000 for that
work yet the desire to be with Virginia
was not allayed and when a Democratic
Congress refused to re charter the Alex
andria banks the moneyed Interests fell In
with and even led the people and then
began an agitation which Anally severed
the District which Washington had made
Then too the Van Buren Administration
was Democratic or loco foco as was
the Alexandria term and the town of Alex
andria was intensely Whig The Harrison
banner of 1S10 bore on Its roverse the pic
ture of the Sic semper woman bending
over a shackled maiden In tears and the
legend read Our Revolutionary fathers
intended us to be free Sons of Virginia
will you see- us slaves
At first as the retrocession was so ve
hemently championed by the Whigs the
loco focos opposed it The partisans of
Van Buren were few In town but very
numerous In the county and during- Ty
lers Administration the Democratic lead
ers began to see that if Alexandria was
turned over to Democratic Virginia It
would give the Democrats a more exten
sive Influence and so when Polk camo in
tho Congress which completed the annex
ation of Texas divided the District of
Columbia and Congress passed a law
which President Polk approved declaring
that all that portion of the District of
Columbia ceded to the United States by
tho State of Virginia and all right and
jurisdiction be hereby ceded and forever
relinquished to the State of Virginia In
full and absolute right and Jurisdiction a3
well of soli as of persons residing or to
reside therein So by this act of July 9
1816 tho District of Columbia which came
Into being February 27 1S0L ceased to ex
ist south of the river Potomac
0 JTUWAY THEATEICrlXS
An Outdoor Ilcnrcurntntlon of
watJin
Prom the Montreal Gazette
Last year Kahaosa and Wabanosa OJIb
way Indians connected by marriage with
Schoolcraft and members of whose fami
lies have been hereditary chiefs of the
OJihways for a long time attended the
Sportsmans shows at Boston and New
York Relatives of these Indians occupy
leading positions in Boston society School
craft married Into the family of Shlng
wauk and from him obtained the legend
which he gave to Longfellow out of which
the great and immortal poem of Hiawa
tha was written A comparison was
made between tho Indian vocabulary in
the poem which Is very extensive and the
language used today by these Indians and
they were found to be exactly the rame
excepting in ono or two places where
Longfellow has altered the accent of soma
of the Indian words to set them to his
metre
The names of many of the places men
tioned by Longfellow as the scenes of
Hiawathas adventures are the places to
which Kabaosa has been going as guide
to modern fishermen end sportsmen Ka
baosa became so interested in the- de
tails of the poem that he resolved to re-en-
nact the scenes among the Is ands of the
Blessed as Longfellow call3 them which
are situated twenty eight cait of Sault Ste
Mane on the north shore of Lake Huron
He Invited the family of the poet Long
fellow to witness the tableaux which are
t obe presented by live Indians There
will be seven scenes in the drama as given
by the OJlhway Inaians and they aro as
follows
Scene 1 The Pipe of Peace in the
great opening scene when the warriors
throw down their arms and wash off their
war paint so strongly moved are they by
the appeals of Hiawatha
Seine 2 The Childhood of Hiawatha
his training by old Nokomls
Scene 3 Hiawathas journey to the
Rockies
Scene The wooing of Hiawatha and
the wedding feast with the old OJibway
songs and dances
Scene E Picture writing of Hiawatha
Scene C The coning of the missionary
and the white man
Scene 7 The departure of Hiawatha
Care has been taken to reproduce in de
tail with great exactness the minute and
marvelously correct description of the poet
Longfellow The Islands are called the
Desbarats Islands because they are oppo
site the Desbarats minings location and
Desbarats station- on the Canadian Pacific
Railway It is the founders Intention to
make this an annuale festival They hope
to be able to form an Indian fair and
manufacture tho more artistic Indian pro
ductions The festival itself will be made
both artistic and historical and it Is to
be hoped that the effect upon the Indian
will be to revive within him the life of the
past and the desire to perpetuate those oJ
his ancient customs and arts which are
most useful Interesting and picturesque
WOMAN rn MOROCCO
A Tand Where the Female Sepc linn
Only n Illsht to Uxlxt
From the CorcbiK Magazine
Morocco Is a paradise for- the woman
hater He who hath been scurvlly served
by the unfair sex may there find balm for
his bruised spirit Either woman is not
seen at all or If noticed in the public
ways is cursed and cuffea Her highest
ambition is to fatten on sweet stuff as a
caged bird on grapeseed when her youth
and beauty leave her and kohl and henna
no longer stave oft the ravages of time and
domesticity she Is thrown on public chir
ity asa private nuisance To the Moslem
way of thinking new woman would be
as Impossible of acceptance as is the New
Testament During his first few days in
the land md Englishman feels his blood
boll at siebt of skinny and uncomplaining
old hags keeping pace painfully oa the hot
sandy hghway beside the mule that bears
their hMband son or brother but habit
softens thj hock and to his first impulse
of rebellion In favor of an Innovation of
equality much abused in the fair cities
of the neith there succeeds a cynical ac
quiescence in this compensating survival
of male ascendancy and female obsequious
ness ills rsiic of the old order at the
gates of 1crope and not quite at the anti
podes of New York
Woman In Morocco he soon perceives Is
no more faa a domesticated animal but
then students of social evolution assure us
that she was once on that footing pur
chased and fed that she might do the work
of the houEe and bear the race In what
are now civilized communities It is the
utter misconception of the romance of
marriage that has raised her to a throne
that she often shows herself wholly unable
to grace They manage these things dif
ferently In Morocco The grave old pasha
pays a good price to aer parents for Fat
ma and Fatma by that same token he
keeps within doors carrying the key of
her apartments In his sash or entrusting
It to a slave answerable with his head
Fatma U pampered as long as she Is young
and may even be treated with kindness
in mlddii age She can eat sweet cakes
and drink green tea or sherbert and deck
her comely form In shoddy Jewelry and
she can ride to the bath closely veiled
and get a passing glimpse of the outer
world of which on marriage she took
leave like any Christian novice taking
the veil And- the good SI Elarbl her
lord s secure in bis household and would
chuckli mightily could he but read of the
matter that daily take up tho time of
Nazane courts of divorce
Cor forsooth A good old scimitar
Damascene blade hangs between two
slleat timepieces In bis Inner hall some
what dull and blunt and demanding pcr
charee a second stroke to make doubly
sure yet would It divorce a thoughtless
wife more rapidly more effectively than
the grave deliberations of a whole mosque
full of sapient fellow citizens And Fat
mn has seen the old scimitar and thinks
It looks best where it hangs and is cir
cumspect In the narrow market way her
mouse colored mule brushes the clnssv
black charger of the blue ejed Nazarene
riding even men to visit her owner aud
wondering whether that undulating form
on muleback Is set off by a pretty face
Not II u n err nitungh for That
From Judze
Mr Fanner It youll nw that wood and split
It and pile It up aiu brine in twenty armfula Ill
Kite jou a piece of pie
Weary Willie Tinks lady but when 1 want
tei eat pit at dem rates Ill go tcr de Iara Ex
position
the times Washington s today atoust 12 woo
ALONG TIB B17ER 10I1T
Picturesque Sighis on the Banks
of the Poi unac
Attrncllorin of the
of finlly Frttooned Escnrnlim
Boat on Their Dally Trip The
Agrrlcnltnral Garden Alonsr the
bhore Crulvlnsr In a Police llont
The river front of Washington on a
bright summer morning does not offer even
along its busiest wharves that distract
ing scene of bustle and confusion which Is
seen upon the waterways of a big com
mercial city But if there is less of man
there is more of nature and tho rotomac
has a matchless fascination to those devo
tees who live mahy a day and night upon
its broad and beautiful expanse By these
Is not meant the ordinary excursion pas
sengers upon one of the large steamboats
that ply In their regular courso up and
down the tower part of the river to the
accompaniment of brass bands and leud
whistles and song and mirth and great
rejoicing although such trips are very
pleasurable At all events they form the
sola means by which most of the folk in
this city derive their Impressions or the
beauty of the Potomac but as the xcur
sloi boats only ply from tho piers ad
jacent to the foot of Seventh Street to
points down stream it follows that tho
beautiful stretch between these piers and
tho Aqueduct Bridge is an unknown quan
tity to the aerage excursionist
But if on a fine morning at this time of
year ono chances to be too early for his
excursion boat or better still Is able to
taVe his own time through having a craft
his own he will find plenty of s gats
along tho wharves to amuse him while
he waits If an excursionist and conse
quently in the nelghtornood of the pas
senger piers which as before intimated
are all together he may watch the pleasure-seekers
getting excitedly off the car3
and making for their respective boats The
Juvenile members Jf it be a family party
disembark first and fairly dance with
Impicience as they tug at the
skirts of the older members the
rear of the domestic procession is
tttngIrbrought up by the commissariat
In the shape of an enoraoJ3 basket heavily
laden and carried by two staid and elderly
members of the group By the time this
last important adjunct has fairly started
the boat gives a most appalling sound
something between a screech and a whine
and the Juveniles are clearly distracted at
the notion that they are late as thoy urge
the main body in frantic accents to hurry
up and come alpng
Then come a party of young people
whose conversation never ceasing is a
marvel of innocuousness and an old gen
tleman with a newspaper and a telescope
the first of which he cannot read because
he left his glasses at home and the second
of which he cannot see through because a
Ien sis missing And now the boat com
mences to fill up rapidly with passengers
who come In shoals and tumble over the
earlier arrivals who have planted them
jwlves In chairs and camp stools on the
fteamers deck Then the whistle hlows a
second time with increased vehemence
and hideousness and there Is a perfect
babel of confusion generally among the
people A third roar and scheech and
whine and they are off while a belated
party gazes pathetically from the wharf
at the boat just moving out as they finger
their useless tickets
Tho wharves appear to exert a wonder
ful attraction over boys and dogs both of
the unkempt and uncared for description
Whenever a boat lands or whenever a
boat leaves these Inseparable denizens of
the river front congregate and seem to
concentrate all their faculties in watching
the maneuvres going on about them
A small schooner laden with watermel
ons arrives at a wharf and a row of bare
footed and dirty urchins who have been sit
ting at the edge of the pier awaiting her
coming clamber on deck like monkeys and
gaze with bated breath down the hatch
ways while a peculiarly disreputable look
leg mongrel paces up and down tho wharf
as- if exasperated at his Inability to join
them Very often the boys bring the dogs
to the -wharf for the purpose of giving
them a bath by the unceremonious meicoa
of pitching them in and dragging them
out again by the nose
At the Ice wharves the schooners from
ilne with their enormous cargoes some
times as much as 2600 tons are unloaded
by sending the blocks of ice from the decks
down an inclined plane to the storehouse
where they are either stored or put In
wagons for Immediate disposal Under
neath the Inclined plane which Is In ths
nature of a ladder with very close rungs
so that the ice in sliding along Is planed
smooth on Its under surface stand a num
ber of poor little folk of both cpiors and
sexes who eagerly gather up the stray par
ticles of the precious material and put
them in receptacles to carry home
Unloading I arin Produce
At certain piers those of the Norfolk
boats for instance are to be seen at cer
tain hours of the day numbers of burly
men mostly colored who wait around in
tho prospect of securing a Job of unloadng
a steimcr of tho various market goods
which aro shipped by tho farmers and
producers along the river to t rious com
miesion merchants and wholesale dealers
in this city Some of the wealthier of
these merchants have their oim piers and
boats but the majority receite their sup
plies from the passenger boats or schoon
ers that bring consignments to their va
rious customers To see the rousiatouta
unloading one of these beats is interesting
The celerity and carelessness of railway
porters are as nothing to the lightning
like rapidity with which all manner ol
vegetables fruits etc loose jr In bar
rels aro lifted from the vesafs hold and
sorted and bundled Into the dealers
wagons- waiting to receive them
Adjacent to the excursion- piers is seen
the notice fronting Water Street which
U the boundary of the city In this direc
tion Harbor Master concerning whose
duties there is probably little knowledge
generally amowrthc people of Washington
Nevertheless evildoers on the river havo
good or bad reasons to remember the po
lice patrol boat appropriately named Vig
ilant whose captain arfd crew of four po
lice officers keep a sharp lookout for all
trouble upon the District waters
A trip In the police boat while not usu
ally attended by any exciting Incidents Is
sufficiently out of the way of ordinary riv
er experiences to be rather piquant to the
novice So suppose that being generally
speaking strangers to the river Immedi
ately around Washington and desiring to
become better acquainted with the entire
water front of our beautiful city wc deter
mine to take a trip In the Vigilant
After obtaining the needful permission
from the Harbor Masten himself and intro
duced by that personage to the genial offi
cer commanding the boat we step one fine
-morning on the deck at the neat little tug
and await events On one side of the pier
of the Harbor Masters boat Is an elegantly
constructed dock In which rests a neat lit
tle launch
This craft belongs to the Secretary of
War who -with the Assistant Secretary
and General Corbln Is a great river man
Moored alongside of the Vigilant is an old
low lying rowboat This unobtrusive-looking
craft Is used In dredging for the bodies
of those who have met death either
through accident or design in the river It
has carried a great number of this ghastly
freight and an Imaginative writer would
probably say that its dread duties had
caused It to shun notice while It rocked
fearfully In anticipation of another job
However anyones attention would be
distracted from such gloomy reflections
when a sharp whistle announces the depar
ture cf the police tug which now steams
out fr the channel Woe to those eaveleja
marlTera who obstruct this same channel
by anchoring therein In violation of ft I
rules and regulations The eyes of the offi
cers of the law run critically along tho ex
tended line of sterns and broadsides and
the one that projects inside the wrater
thoroughfare is borne down upon directly
If the captain and crejr are absent the
name of the former Individual Is ascer
tained from some lazy looking Individual
who is enjoying the dolco far niente upon a
pile of wood or watermelons and at l
events the name of the offending craft li
entered In the police captains book Thst
lcdhldual from his station in the pilot
house is constantly oa the lookout als
for fisherman who not content with the
modest hook and line endeavors to make
more magnificent catches with tho pro
scribed net-
And now leaving the more crowded por
tion of the channel which extends from
the starting- point ot the dock to within
some hundred yards or the District end ot
the Long Bridge one can safely assume
upon this bright morning that no further
trouble- need De lioked for and can re
sign himself to a general and peaceful con
templation of the scene around him On
tho city side are untidy looking wharves
with their heaps ot coal wood anil mer
chandise of every description On the
other perhaps the most beautiful piece of
farm land In the world the Agricultural
Departments experiment garden This ex
tends from about the point at which the
boat started or nearly opposite the Sev
enth Street piers to the line of the Long
Bridge and tho contents of its trim kept
beds form a never ending puzzle to the
river men
As one ot these latter said It is strange
to reflect that twenty years ago this beau
tiful and fruitful land was a water flat
over which a rowboat could pass to the
other channel which ls now entirely hid
den and which might be as far oft as the
ocean for all one can sec of it
A Grove of Weeplnjr WHIowh
Below the experiment garden and ex
tending from tho point opposite the excur
sion wharves to the end of the stretch of
land now dividing the channels of the Up
per and Lower Potomac Is a line of weep
ing willows that might suggest to the
before mentioned imaginative- personage
especially when the wind is blowing tho
idea that they were sadly and passionately
waving their arms In a secret guilty con
fidence with tho river In realltr these
trees were planted by the Government that
their tenacious roots might form a bul
wark behind the granite walls enclosing
the artificially reclaimed soli so as to
prevent the earth from pressing against
and destroying Us enclosing boundaries
This artificial piece of land it is designed
to convert Into a- public park although
the work Is not yet begun
It is really an Island as the waters of
Big Basin enclose lis western side Bis
Basin by the way forms a more or less
effectual means for flushing the river
channel along the wharves being provided
with lock gates that open mechanically at
flood tide and dos upon Its ebb With
out this arrangement the water along the
river front Instead of being yellow as It
now is would be black
Tho commencement of Long Bridge
marks the Junction of the river channel
Just traversed with Big Basin and when
the lock gates are open small pleasure
craft can go from one to the other pro
viding they can passundrr the arches ot
a small granite bridge wtlch divides the
two Big Basin is a great resort for fish
ermen who sometimes lring their fam
ilies with them to partake of the sport
Tho basin has also an outlet Into the
southern channel of the river which is
really now part of the Upper Potomac
Before noticing thcdlstlngufshlng char
acteristics of this part of the river it
mutt be said that tho view pr esented from
Long Bridge Is very attractive and pictur
esque
On the channel side are the wharves
and anchored out in the stroat pleasure
craft ot all descriptions from the un
wieldy looking house boat to the trim
canoe Far away the wooded heights ol
Anacostla are -visible and the experiment
garden Is on the right hand On the Big
Basin side the wharves are substituted for
a flat green expanse sur oundlng a smooth
body cf water contained as in an enormous
washing basin enclosed on all sides except
its two narrow outlets by circular stone
walls The Washington Monument rises
grandly and abruptly apparently close at
hand and in the distance are the gently
swelling hills of Virginia
But it Is perhaps from the southern
channel ot the river which conducts large
craft to Georgetown that the most beauti
ful scenes around Washington are pre
sented Steaming up this portion of the
stream one Bees through the green foliage
on the banks the chief buildings of tho
city showing like fairy vistas The dome
of the Capitol the- golden cupola of the
Library of Congress are mingled but a
short distance apparently from the White
House and War State and Navy Depart
ment building The Monument appears no
place so grand and Imposing and the river
leaving all its imperfections behind seems
intent ucpn charming our eyes and glad
dening our hearts by Its sparkling beauty
In Front of Georgetown
But as Georgetown Is ncared all thee
charms depart again and the shores are
cgala occupied on one side by tho xrcst
wonderful agglomeration of ancient tumble-down
sheds and houses that the city
can boost of Nevertheless there Is a cer
tain dirty plcturesqdness about Georne
townn river front which Is undeniable
The heights upon which the whole ton 13
hullt slope downward to the water front
which Is lined with streets that seem
almost to have been deserted by mn
Jun shops In the windows of which rags
havs entirely usurped tho place of gas
crazj structures that seem just about sld
1ns into the water are mingled with mills
fartoiles breweries boat building estab
lishments In which however no boats are
built and boat houses but all suggest ng
tho spirit of old
It is however at night when the town
above is twinkling with lights and these
old waterside streets are darkly and sus
piciously revealed in the light of same
stray gas lamps that the illusion becomes
perfect and one is Inclined to bo on the
watch for smugglers dressed In knee
breeches with swords at their sides rocked
hats on their heads and a vessel flying
a revenue flag standing out In the stream
If one should however communicate
such notions to tho police captain In charge
of the good boat Vigilant he would
doubtless consider you a fit subject for St
Elizabeths Asylum jWhlch Is visible any
bright day on the beautiful Anacostla
holghts from all parts of fhe river
Xot Iriditetl e ol Mnnhood
From the New York Sun
The situation in China offers a signifi
cant object lesson of a motherless nation
Li Hung Chang is quoted as saying with
great satisfaction We have no new
women In China and we want none Wo
stop their education at the seventh year
The Empress Dowagtr Is In no sense of
tho word a new -woman She is a typi
cal bloodthirsty and cruel ruler such as
were not unknown among women In the
dark ages In Egypt Greece Russia Italy
and even England There Is nothing to be
hoped for In noble qualities from the men
of a nation where women are held In such
subjection as in China Neither slaves
nor dolls can produce r grand type of man
hood
There Is no Mirer Indication of tho prog
ress of civilization than the roslHon ot tho
women of a century Where the highest
Intellectual moral and social development
U permitted to the mothers of the race we
find these qualities reaching their finest
flowering In manhood
During the countless generations when
the Chinese Empire was entirely isolated
from the rest of the world there was no
opportunity to study the social features of
her people but now that th rifts have
been made in the various parts of the wall
which has shut her In for centurlos and
modirn civilization has entered In we be
hold the results of her degraded woman
hood We see a class of men in whose
lives women have played no part except
to pn duce them and enable them to pro
duce ethers like themselves a nation
without mothers In the highest acceptation
of the word
IS
Many Curious Remedies in Chinese
Apothecary Shops
Tonlex Astringent and Sedative
Vied the Phynlclnnx Peculiar
Virtues of Plants 11 ml Hoot of All
IvTmlii Petrlfled Crab for SUIn
abruption Candles of Castor Oil
The Chinese physician employs strange
and wonderful means for the recovery of
his patient and the list of medicines In
vogue with tho Celestials wUI doubtless
open the eyes of many an Occidental prac
titioner
For Instance cantlraride3 Is considered
n sure cure for hydrophobia the fruit ot
cardamom Is supposed to Increase knowl
edge by strengthening the stomach which
organ the Chinese Identify with a persons
disposition and mental capacity the drld
skiu of a certain kind of orange is us d
as a sedative dried aloe flowers ore tsed
in pulmonary affections and are as- em
ployed in cookery as a tonic cr relish The
honeysuckle is given In cases of rheuma
tism and the dogbane in diseases of the
kidneys
Almonds are sedatives in the Chinese
pharmacopoeia and cassia buds a tonic anC
astringent Melon seeds are taken for
coughs colds and asthma while the morning-glory
root is used In severe dyspep
sias Pumpkins are believed to possess
soothing properties and are used In esses
of colics spasms etc Quite a number of
Tcgetables are considered cures for con
sumption and remittent fever The under
jhcll of the land turtle Is taken as a de
coction by the aged and weak and Is used
generally as a stimulant as is also the
mustard seed To oleanders are attrib
uted rejuvenating and highly nutritive
qualities One vegetable with an unpro
nounceable Chinese name Is employed to
work off the effect ot drunkenness
Fragments ot fossil crabs crushed and
powdered are considered a specific In affections-
of the eye Rhubarb is Indigen
ous to China and in former times Canton
was the only port from which the drug
was exported The Chinese dig the roots
early in the spring before- the leaves ap
pear cut them Into long fist pieces dry
them for two or three days in the shade
and then string them on cords Tumeric
is used for diseases of tho skin also as a
yellow dye In the preparation of tobacco
and mlxd with Indigo or Prussian blue
Is the means employed for coloring green
tea and also to season curries Another of
th i Chineso vegetables is used to bring
oil the eruption of smallpox as well as to
coin- candles while still another plant Is
fouid Indispensable in curing bolls and
stn Dgthcning the hair
From castor oil beans the Chinese ex
press an oil which is used in the manu
facture of candles A very costly gelatine
Is made by boiling down deer horns after
which it Is employed as a tonic One medi
cine taken In liquor is thought to heal
fractures of any kind Petrified crabs are
used for boils sores etc snake spins for
smallpox and caterpillars are employed in
bronchial complaints dried cows gall Is
used as an expectorant the refuse of to
bacco mixed with straw as a stimulant
and cows glue made from bunaloiiides as
a sedative
In fact almost every natural production-
mineral vegetable and animal Is used in
China for some medicinal purpose Glue
seems to possess wonderful healing prop
erties taken Internally a rather striking
means for mending the human machinery
That made from tortoise shell is con
sidered a tonic while that obtained from
tigers bones has also great virtue and
costs 51500 per plcul 123 1 2 pounds a
prohibitive price In China
Salted scorpions are considered excellent
in cases of smallpox Ant eaters scales
cure rheumatism and although the use of
live leeches Is unknown those animals ar
made Into a decoction being fir3t put into
waer or spirit and the result taken In
tern illy as a purgative cr applied out
wardly In cases ot bruises Dried toads
are considered a tonic and being sold
at 2 cents each are especially popular A
tigers skull Is regarded as a charm against
typhoid fever ague rheumatism and
rheumatic headache also as a protection
from the danger of being bitten by a mad
dog Pearls are prescribed in affections of
the heart and bile also in cases of deaf
ness
TO rKKE ATT CAGED BIBBS
Iliinoli Game Wardens Work In
Iehnlf of Songsters
From the Chicago Tribune
Its an old saying that a bird in the hand
Is worth two in the bush This dofs not
agree with the opinion of H Loveday
State ttame wa den however nor with
ot the members of the Illinois
SoUety and they have started ont to
secure for all native birds now held in cap
tivity In this State a Iree passage backto
the bushes from which they were stolen la
childhood They are convinced that a bird
in tbe bush is ot great use as a destroyer
of pernicious insects and as a songster
whiln one In the hand or even In the cag
te of no use whatever except when he dies
to be stuffed and stuck up on a hat
Warden Loveday has secured the arrest
and conviction of more1 than forty men in
Cook County alone for robbing nests and
capturing song blrd3 and his had ca h
fined or imprisoned He hss Kized hun
dreds of native breeding- birds which -were
held In captivity In Chicago bird stores
lias entered complaint against their cap
tors and has cases against aevjral of them
now pending In the courts
I shall not stop until there Is not a cap
tive native bird In Chicago or down Stats
that ray men can find says Warden Loe
day I shall go ahead with the seizar s
and condemn tho birds The old ones
which arc too old to care for themselves
If turned free having been so many years
in captivity will then be given to Lincoln
or some other park where they will have
comparative freedom in the big cages and
-a ill be well cared for The young ones will
be turned loose to shift for themselves and
to make their way tack to the thickets and
to find mates and nests in tho wilderness
The public seems to have no Idea of
what all this bird trade means There are
shipped into Chicago every year I believe
tens of thousands of song birds native to
this State Of these a majority die in a
short time and their bodies are made uv
of for decoration or food The rc3t are
trained and sold as songsters or pits
There Is not a native song bird that tan
be made to breed In captivity and to
every one of these birds has been stolen
from the nest either In the egg or while
young Tbe new broods have to be stolen
to replace those that die and thus the
woods are stripped of them As the br s
captured do not breed each one captured
means the destruction ot what might have
been a numerous progeny
And in saving the birds we will ae
also the trees and the crops of the country
from tho destructive bugs worms a d
other insects which are thtv food of tbe
birds
Deal lair With tho fliiKne
From the San Francisco- News Letter
The presence of tbe plague In Honolulu
has revealed some peculiarities of the form
of government in our new poreesslons in
the Pacific The Government seems to be
a sort of cloie corporation full of Pooh
bahs No official seems worthy the name
unless he holds at least ten positions This
condition of affairs has provoked tome
humorous situations humorous in the face
of the plague
Minister of the Interior Cooper for ln
stince is president of the board of health
3 en the people at IIHo opposed the land
lug of goods from Honolulu with shotguns
to enforce their opposition the Minister
of the Interior was sent to IIHo to assert
his authority He was also met by tbe
shotgun delegation with Sheriff Andrews
at Its bead Sheriff Andrews wus ulsa the
agent of the board of health at IIHo Affcr
some parleying Cooper asked the agent of
the board of health to come out and see
him on tbe steamer r
Finding that hetould produce no eifect
on tbe sheriff Mr Cooper asserted ha iu
thority as president ot the board of health
As our agent said he 1 ordtr you to
use your power to have these steames
landed
Its no us- trying said Andrews the
people wont stand it and I am with the
people
Very well then you are discharged
Im still sirs
I regret that In none- of my capacities
can I reach you r shall send the minister
of your department down tomorrow
Hell never get near enough to see me
retorted Andrews pulling away from the
steamer The shotguns were turned on the
sheriff and he was warned away
Its ell right boys he yelled Ive
been fired I am no longer with the board
of health
Ho was permitted to land
Minister Cooper in one of his other ca
pacities ordered the chief cf the fire de
partment to burn down certain buildings
The chief protested and said that he would
appeal to tho board ot health At the
meeting of the board at health the chief
claimed that the buildings were not In an
unsatisfactory condition As president of
the board of health Minister Cooper had to
agree with the chief and he reversed the
order made by hl3 other self
Even in time of plague all the elements
of comic opera are to be found In our new
inland possessions
A HES3 5TATTEE OF FIGTJBES
ProTjIcms That Would Send Any
Mntkcmntlclnn Crnxy
From the Chicago News
Im up a stump confessed a puz
zled young man the other day as be ran
his fingers through his hair and Iookd
the picture of perplexity I thought I
could do figures ana I believe I can yet
but my theories of life are sadlv shaken
1 by them A daffy friend ot mine who calls
j himself a socialist started mo going on a
I problem He said he could prove that con-
tinued compound interest would rultr the
world In the course of time and therefore
interest was wrong
How doeshe figure that oat queried
the worried youths confidant
How doesnt he figure It out Is a
I better question was the querulous
na ITj3 has n vm Imln it ll
u ov u imoiu ftuiu UilLU
it whirls with trying to multiply trillions
hr tha Infinite VTnlf Hll T elt trn -
JW4
he sprung on me
He said and I laughed at him that a
cent put at 6 per cent compound Interest at
the year 1 would now have a value equal to
the weight of the solar system In gold- for
each and every second rl time since ths he
ginning ot the Christian era r thcught he
was crazy but I figures It out and found It
was right
Why I believe youre crazy too
eil nllf thp pnnfirlnnf wit Inntr MrnHnlniK
j compassion and curiosity
No Ill show you how tho figures are
nil straight You can casilyflgure out tharj
J money at 6 per cent doubles ltseir In
twelve years Thats easy to understand
1 At the end of the first twelve years A D
It would he worth 2 cents At the end ot
would be worth 16 cents At the end of
the sixth or at 72 A D it would be
worth 61 cents Seventh or S4 A D
would be land It at J256 Doubling every
twelve yeara you see The ninth period
would take it to 512 and the tenth or
at 120 A D would make It 1021
In other words at the end of 120 -years
the cent would have increased at 6 per
cent compound Interest to be worth 10
That is a thousand tlme3 worth what It
WE3 at the start The next 120 years would
seo It worth 1CC0 times more or 10000
instead of 10 The year 360 would bring
It through three lia year periods and
would fir Its worth at 10000000 Each
period of 120 years would you understand
add three ciphers which- is the same as
multiplying It by 1000 At -ISO A D It
would worth 100C0O0OC0O Dy 720 A
D 1OCOOOCOOOOOC0OCO would be Its
value Add three more- sets of ciphers for
the next three 120 year periods and brings
it to 10000000000000000000000000 That
j would be at the end of 1CS0 A D- wouldnt
it
From 10S0 A D to 1S0O A D Is 720
years equal to six of the 120 year periods
That would mean adding six more sets of
zeros to bring It down to the beginning of
this century The figure would look
like SlOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCfCOOO
000000000000000 Pronounce that IT you
can There still lemain a hundred years
mora ot compounding Interest As I figur
ed out a few minutes ago it took eight
twelve yearperiods or ninety six years
to Increase the cent to 256 The ninety-
six years is about the same as a century
and to get what the cent would now be
worth we would simply multiply our last
big sum by 2D6 which would give 2560-
000000 Wouldnt that fade John D
Rockefeller
Now for the number ot seconds In the
1900 years Sixty seconds make a minute
3600 in an hour and S6400 in a day Is the
I way they run In a year of 363- days there
are 31526000 seconds In a century lou
times that and In nineteen centuries 1300
j times that or 59913100000 seconds since
the birth ot Christ Call it 6OC0000OC0O
Divide our big sum ot gold by sixty billion
I and you wlU have the amount of
CtO00OCfi0CCO0C00COC00C000000C0 Count
the ciphers and you will see I am right
That inconceivable sum represents the
value ot the cent compounded by 10S 1000
times for each second of the 1DC0 years
Gold is worth 20 an ounce or
210 a pound troy weight twelve
ounes to the pound Per ton It is worth
180000 or approximately souvjeu in
the last big sum I named there wculd be at
th it rate SlOCOCCOOOOCeOCOOCOOOOOOOO
001 tons According to the Encyclopaedia
Brltannlca tbe weight of the earth Is about
6OCO0COCl00OCCOCCO0CO tons The mass
of the sua is about 2000000 times that of
the earth Multiply the earths weight by
J2000COO and you will have room for about
forty core solar systems In the nig total
of tons Consequently It is as I slid A
cent put at compound Interest at the birth
of Christ would now ba worth In gold a
sum equal to the weight of the entire
solar system expressed once for each sec
ond of that long time
If that Isnt enough to overturn any
theory of Interest I ever thought of Ill eat
my head If reasoning in mathematics
drives one to such inconceivable conclu
sions what must reasoning in sociology
do Its my opinion that all the social
philosophers that ever drew breath cant
figure anything about It Im going to
quit worrying over It or Ill get thin and
the next time I see my friend Ill
tell him to take a vacation and come back
to earth
1asstiiu ot the Tnn Shoe
From the Bnston Transcript
Tho popularity of the tan shoe for wo
mens wear Is a thing of the past accord
Ins to the statements of Lynn manufact
urers who have made a specialty ot their
production in late years Without excep
tion the makers report a marked falling
off fn the demand for them and some con
cerns have not sent out any samples of
them for this season Tan shoes for wo
men were always regarded by shrend men
In the shoo business as more or less of a
fad and were not expected to become an
established feature ot the business One of
tho chief causes for the loss of popularity
which the tan shoe has sustained Is the
fact that a tan shoe size for size looks
larger than the black shoe
This alme was enough to bring it Into
disfavor and when in addition It Is con
sidered that the tan shoe no matter how
tastefully made could never compare with
black Bhoes ot standard makes In style or
neatness of appearance Its speedy decline
In public faor as soon as the novelty of
thp Innovation had worn off followed as
a matter of course
ThU des not apply hovover to the more
elaborate articles got up In fancy colors
such as red blue pink etc which are
meeting with mora and more favor The
fancy slippers and shoes made of theso
shades ot leather and furnished with the
French or Louis XV wood heel are being
made In great numbers this season by
Lynn manufacturers who report most
gratifying results in the demand
PI0I1 NEWSPAPER
TTio Washington Gazette Antedates
the Old Intelligencer
Published on Wednesdays and Sat
urdays tor n xamucP at Weeks
tint Forced Ont of Existence for
Inelc of Fnnds Knlsmnflcal State
ments of the Editor and Proprietor
It appears to be the prevailing opin
ion said an old Journalist ts a Times re
porter recently that the National In
telligencer was the first newspaper pric
ed in this- city This however he con
tlnucd Is an erroneous notion Ths
Washington Gazette was first published
here n Jnce 15 179S by a bookseller
named Benjamin More- It was a semi
weekly steet Issued on Wednesdays and
Saturdays at a subscription cost of i per
annum The Gazette was a remarkabls
specimen of neat typography for thoso
days with an engraving of a shield cen
tred with an eye darting rays and th
motto Nunquam Dormlo
This paper continued to be published
by Mr More for over a year at the end
of which period the following notice ap
peared In its columns The Washington
Gazette will not be published again until
the publication Isattended by some profit
to tho publisher and it was further stat
ed that nothing but want ot money stop
the paper It Is said to have been a mat
ter of public wonder at the time now the
publication was ever to be attended by
some profit unless It were published but
Mr More appears to have been la ths
habit of puzzling his readers by some very
odd announcements In his generally clev
er sheet On September 16 1837 the Ga
zette again bobbed up serenely with ths
following- notice The Washington Ga
zette again makes Its appearance and Its
editor hopes to receive that encourage
ment from the public which will enable
him to continue the publication uninter
rupted until he shall- be able from expe
rience to sing ot mercy as well of judg
ment
Here- was another enigmatical state
ment for the public to bother their minds
over although what Mr More exactly
meant was probably never determined
Such announcements partook largely of
the nature of the celebrated toast May
the contentions of our minds always con
tain the ideas- to be brought forward here
after behaving- to ourselves In consequence
thereof there fs possibly a very dee
and subtle meaning hidden In tuch Involv
ed phraseology hut the trouble Is ta make
It ont However to return to Mr Mora
I the second trelve ycar period Itwould be --
ItritfiH After a continued struggle of about
thirty five wed s evidently against ad
verse conditions Che eccentric editor an
nounced in his Issue ot March It 173S the
following T shall not be abe to continue
the publlcatron of the Washington Ga
zette unless some friend should lend a
helping hand Hope has- led me into -a
thlcket of difficulties and appears to be
departing- from me The fact was that
Washington then what there was of it
did not offer a very promising- field for any
newspaper and there can be little doubt
that Mr Mors must have been a man of an
extremely sanguine temperament ever to
have attempted the venture and In that
f light this last announcement of the luck
less editor has a certain pathetic meaning
The National Intelligencer was estab
lished In Washington in October 1S00 at
about which time the removal of the Fed
eral Government from Philadelphia to this
city took place The first number of this
paper appeared October 31 the editor and
proprietor being Samuel Harrison SnUth
The office of the publication was In a row
of brick buildings on New Jersey Avenue
erected by Thomas Law The private iet
dence of Mr Smith the editor was Ions
one of the most conspicuous objects in the
vicinity being situated on a commacdng
site about 300 feet above the waters of iha
Potomac
The Inteftigencer was what is termed
a trl weekly that is published three times
a week The editor in discussing tho
scope ot he paper in bis prospectus said
The appearance ot the National In
telligencer has been protracted to this
day October 31 1800 by the Inevitable
f though unanticipated embarrassments at
tending the removal of the printing office
The vessels which contained the greater
part ot the material sailed from Philadel
phia on September 20 but did not ar
rive in this city until the 25th Instant
owing to her having- been driven on shore
by the violence ot the late storm
The editor at the commencement of his
duties considers It not improper to state
the nature of the plan which he isteits
to pursue and concisely to notice tte prin
ciples by which he proposes to regulate h s
own conduct as well as thosa by which It
Is expected that correspondents -will regu
late theirs etc
After a considerable amount cf rhetoric
devoted ta the question ot the freedom of
the press he continues
But while the editor classes with our
dearest rights the liberty ot the pres3 he
is decidedly Inimical to Its licentiousness
As on the one hand the conduct of the
public men and the tendency of public
measures will be fiely eximlntd so on ths
other hand private character will remain
inviolable nor shall Indelicate expressions
be admitted however disguised by satire
or enlivened by wit
The worthy editor became afterwards
known as Silky Slllky Smith and his pa
per was popularly dubbed the National
Smoothing Plane but It continued cavcr
theltss a prosperous career for three
score and ten years or from 1SC0 to 1ST0
when it ceased to exist
Politically the Intelligencer supported
Thomas Jefferson for the Presidency to
succeed John Adams The reports ot the
debates ot Congress became one of the
leading features ot the paper Mr Smith
-after a victorious struggle with Congress
for that privilege in 1S01 managed to se
cure the services of an able stenographer
by name Joseph Gales Jr
Mr Gales sr himself an editor in
Sheffield England had been driven from
his native country on account of the free
dom which he exercised In the publica
tion of his paper During his ocean voy
age he acquired the art ot shorthad la
which both he and hi son won such dis
tinction In this country The latter suc
ceeded Mr Smith as proprietor and editor
of the Intelligencer While head of the
paper Mr Gales reported the debates la
the Senate and his partner W W Seaton
those in tbe House Had It not been for
tue presence of the former in the Senate
the great speeches of Hayne and Web3ter
would have beeu entirely lost to the world
In fact It Is to the editors of the Na
tional Intelligencer that we owe the pres
ervation of the earlier debates of Coagress
The politics of the National Intelli
gencer Gunns Its entire term of exist
ense would form somewhat complex mat
ter for Investigation The sutjct Is lump
ed by the old journalists In the statement
that It was Jeffersonlan till Jacksons time
and then Whig till Lincolns time when it
became Democratic
However It cannot be denied that ths
Intelligencer generally maintained a high
aud conscientious standard ot journalism
Secret Intnet Konr Centuries
From the Cincinnati Enquirer
Chinese porcelain was common in Europe for 400
3 ears bfore a Ceriun potter fut eeetled in ncdtn
out the process ot masisi it This Chinoae pot
tery is scattered all over the world and evtry
where valued but nowhere was the distribution
more curious than in Western Canada Kajly In
the century a Chinese junk w rait away on
tbe Pacific Coast cl America Jut eouth ot Va
router bland and its cargo ot willow pattern
plates fell luto tie hand of the lludSrn lu
Compaqs offices Still In tho rcjiotcuT tr
ing posu of fur trains a fciv fine tpe Irceai
remain
v
a
5
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