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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, August 15, 1900, Image 4

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WEDNESDAY AUGUST 15 1900
Ptihlteation Office
THE nUTCUIXS 33TTIXDIG
lEfSTLVAMA AVEMJI
Subscription by Mall One Year
Mohnino bvEMNO and Sunday sooo
MokSIXO AND SLNDVY 400
EYBMa AID SCNDAY 00
SuxdayOnly loo
31ontlily by Carrier
MORiixoEYEfiNa ADtiJn4Y FiftutenU
MoaMSi and Sunday llitrty flrt rent
EvtNi ui asdSdndiy Thlrtu Jive rent
i Editorial Rooms 4H0
vr52f X Business Office 1140
Aaincar arcui tlol Department 2o3
THE TIMES COMPANY
WALTER STILbOV IIUTCIIINS rrcUltnt
Circulation Stutemelit
The circulation ot Tl e Timet for the week
ended vugust 11 1900 was aa follows
Sundav Ausut 5 W IBS
Monday August C
Tursdav Augut 7
Wednesday August 8 n H
Thtirsttav At gust 9 40SW
lYidav August 10 40401
11 0 9
Saturday August
Torn
Daily average Sunday 13403 excepted i0tU
The Oppression of Porto HIco
Our despatches yesterday related how
two hundred miserable starving denizens
of the American territory of Porto Kco
not jet organized marched In procession
from an Interior point thirty miles to San
Juan headed by an emaciated woman car
rying an American flag It took these poor
pilgrims two days to accomplish the jour
ney during all of which time they were
without food Their object In thus drag
ging their dying bodies across the country
was to reach the presence of the Imperial
Proconsul Allen and beg him for Tiread or
w ork
The promptness with which the Crown
Governor met these people and promised to
let them break stone on the Government
roads on terms to be settled by the New
York contractor is evidence enough if we
were without any other of the alarm occa
sioned in Administration circles by this
formal inauguration of the Porto Kicau
bread or work movement No people in the
world are as easily reached and convinced
by object lessons as are the Aniercan peo
ple Already they know too much about
the causes of distress in our tyrannized
West Indian possession not to recognje
ttre cuirass put upon Its unfortunate inhab
itants for the benefit of the sLgar totaco
rum rnd perhaps one or two other trusts
and without which the former would te
prosperous and rot starving
When the people of Torto Rico gladly
hailed and loyally accepted our flag tnl
sovereignty they were promised th full
enjoyment of American llbsrty rnd Amerl
can institutions Up to February of tie
present year there is no doubt that Presi
dent McKInley supposed this pledge was
to be fnlfillcd After careful study of the
subject aided by the written cpbnlons of
his legal advisers and after securing the
views of leading constitutional lawyers te
had reached the definite conclusion that
with the ratification of the Peace Treaty
with Spain Porto Rico b csme an interial
part of the United States and hat -tie
Constitution of the United States there
upon Instantly extended over the Uanl
ex proprio vigore In his annual message
transmitted to Congress in December 1S99
he declared it to be our plain duty to
give free trade to Porto Rico and In pur
suance of that declaration the Republican
Chairman of the House Ways and Means
Committee introduced a bill to give it
feet Sereno E Payne was the author and
introducer of the measure and he ex
plained it to a pro monopoly constl unt as
a necessity since free trade between the
varioss parts of the United States had been
accorded to all the other States and Ter
ritories and to Alaska not yet o ganlzed
into a Territory
If free trade had not been an obvioU3
right of Porto Rico in its new political re
lation under the clear mandate of the
Constitution it wcuid hate been demanded
by every consideration of Justice and de
cency Dy wresting Cuba and Porto Rico
from Spain we absolutely destroyed the
profitable trade which Porto Rico previous
ly had carried on with the other colony anl
the home country We deprived the Porto
Mean producers of their old markets a d
then shut them out of ours b means of
the Dlngley tariff This condition Mr Mc
KInley originally proposed to have reme
died by Congressional action although If
he had chosen he might have accomplished
the came thing by executive proclamation
Ratification of the Treaty of Paris made
Porto Rico constitutionally -a part of thin
countr as much as Texas and Wisconsin
are parts of It and it was only necessary
for the President to announce the fact offi
cially to end the matter
He chose to dodge hat opportunity and
duty and to throw the responsibility Lpcn
Congress But no sooner was the Payne
free trade bill before the House than tae
representath cs of the trusts which mon
opolize trade In commodities identical
with thoso produced In Porto Itlco
swooped down upon the White House and
tho yellow house inhabited by Hanna
swearing that unless a tariff barrier were
erected against Porto Rico in spite of
pledges or of justice or of the prohibi
tive provision of- the Constitution there
would be no Republican campaign con
tributions in 1S00 representing i ii sugar
tobacco or rum Then it was that the
Administration turned tall and ran Our
plain duty was at once violated and the
fundamental law of the land defied in an
order to the trust and monopoly creatures
in Congress to prepare and Jam through j
iuo ujjuctjiiw ituu uvzpitauic
Vcraker Porto Ricau tariff bill It was
done and starvation In Porto Rico Is the
net result Thi law white It pretends
to make a great concession from maxi
mum Dlngley rates jet places the pro
hibition of Porto Rican productions high
enough so that th native farmers can
sot sell their raw materials at a profit
and so that the island cigar and cigar
ette manufacturing Industry Is utterly
destroyed That the fiscal system thus
imposed upon them Is wrong on grounds
of economy ind equity is self evident
and ttre outrage Lecomes the more fla
grant and intolerable when It Is
Lered it is being Inflicted upon au Ameri
can people Innocent of any wrong In flat
contravention of the Constitution
The authors of this inhumanity pretend
that the constitutional question In the
connection Is only a moot question Hut
In using every alah trick and dcice
to prevent it from coming- hefoie the
Supreme Court they have shown that
they recognize the untcnableness of their
position and expose their knowledge that
the basic constitutional rights of the
Torto KIcans will be secured to them
whenever a care covering the ground can
be passed upon b the tribunal of last
resort
Jc addition to the crime of deliberately
imposing conditions of abject poverty end
starvation upon Porto Rico atrothcr wick
edness has been perpetrated In treating
the Islanders as a s abject people without
Inherent civil rights ar 1 governing them
as a Crown Colony to be exploited and
looted by the trust combination In part
nership with the Administration If there
were no other issue in the nrescnt cam
paign this one alor2 ought to be SLAVS
clent to drhe Hanna and hip aseocla es
from place acl to deprive them forever
of the power of public mischief anl wrong
doicg
IurflHnil tiiNtIf
Administration organs are bird put
when they are reduced to the necessity
of trjing to p ove by a curious mathe
matical syue nj that cnls four thousand1
people turned out at Indianapolis last
week to hear Mr Drjans speech of ac
ceptante And yet the Chicago Times
Herald which by un equally curious
mathematical ystem iusiss with the Em
peror of Germanj that we are now In he
twentieth century stoutly claims agaln3t
all phjsicai proofs to the contrary that
that small number ct listened to
the Democratic standard bsarer at Military
Park on August S
The estimates of the attendance at
Milltarj Park run all the waj from ten
thousand to twenty thousand admits ojr
Chicago contemporary with a shew of
but none of the estimates
claims that over three or four thousand
made pretence cf listening to that
perfunctory essaj on an Imaginary con
dition
Well well This undoes us quite It
is the most powerful and unanswerable
argument jet produced against Mr Bryan
and the Kansas City platform Of course
if only one in five or six of the people
who marched to Military Park on the un
interesting occasion referred to made any
pretence of listening to Mr Bryan then-
Indeed was his speech a perfunctory
essay on an condition We
should turn Brother Kohlsaat over to tis
distinguishes Democratic taw nsman Bath
hojse John if we were arranging Joint
debates for this campaign As an expert
in the use of this sort of argument Editor
Kohlsaatcannot hold a candle to Bath
house John
Colli I llinitliiKton
In the death of Collls P Huatingtn
the countrj loses a citizen v ho by the
exercise cf great energy and ability and
a genius for utUizics facilities sec ired
tLrough mticnal generosity little iort
ci marvelous had made himself worn
rido fano mid accumulated one of thb
monster fortunjs of the period n Vs
death also it may be said that thb
American Nicaragua Canal project loses
its met atle poverfui and
foe
In the counsels or the multi millionaires
who are cemhined for mutual
anl prokilcn in the conduct of st
biiincss or tratlocs of one sort or an
other his oice advice experiencs and
wonderful finesse in matters of legisla
tion local anl national will bs badly
misled He will be slncrely regretted as
11 n lv Administration a manag
er of the JKcpubUcan ptrrty to vhom he
ha been n most lavishly lmeral atou
and in -torn he has always been abla to
lcol for the active and successful
cf his ntercsts and designs 3e
mortuis nil nisi bocum
Ihr Paramount Iiue
The New York Tribune is unduly ex
ercised over the danger that Mr Bry n
may incur by swapping issues during
the campaign It Intimates that Mr Bry
ans peculiar hobby Is the coinage issue
and apprehends that he may lose stand
ing with the Silver Repuhlicans and Popu
lists by reason of the emphasis he has
placed upon tho paramount question of
If the Tribune will but
refresh its memory It will discover that
Mr Brjan is not a man of a single idea
and it wilt find too that for the past
eighteen months in his speeches and writ
ings he has given more attention to im
perialism and colonialism than all other
subjects combined In his efforts to secure
the ratification of the treaty with Spain
he urged from the first that our duty to
ourselves and to the Filipinos was to aid
them in the establishment of self-government
In the Islands We could well rely
on the resources of such government for
reimbursement of the twenty millions
paid Spain or wv might advance this
sum without expectation of its repaj
ment In order to end the war Inasmuch
as the cost of maintaining the military
establishment on a war footing would ex
ceed the amount to be paid Spain under i
the treaty From the date of the treaty
to the present he has been Insistent on
his original position He Indeed gave
the subject of imperialism and militarism
the prominence which culminated In the
paramount plank at Kansas City
But even if he had been les3 identified
with this Issue even had be favored a
more diversified field his party had made
the one question paramount and in con
centrating his fire on imperialism he was
loyally pursuing the plan laid out by his
partys convention and no Just criticism
can be made that In temporarily having
tho other articles of faith In the back
ground he has thereby Ignored or 07aded
any issue
In his forthcoming addresses at Topcka
accepting the other nominations It is
probable that he will be more comprehen
sive in his range of discussion There Is
nothing so far in Mr Bryans record more
characteristic of the man than his aversion
to everything that savors of swapping
or trimming la order to secure politi
cal advantage IiTfact he has often been
criticised as bclrrg too candid for his own
good too little of a politician
While in this campaign especial promi
nence will in all sections of the country bs
given to the subjects of Imperial em ml I
ttrlsm and the ascendancy of the trusts
urder the Republican administration there
tls no reason hj other issues should not
receive the consideration that each voter
for himself maj regard as Important The
urrency question which the Republicans
uf the East arffo anxious to Introduce is
a economic one If after full trial the
present system is provn satisfactory there
111 bf- slight disposition to change It If
oc the other hand it should prove inade
qfte to the r eeds of domestic and foreign
trade the question of ap Improved system
will come to the front and that too no
matter what raaj be the result or this elec
tion Men thcreforemay be for or against
the gold standard cs the financial situation
mtr appears to them and jet with pTfect
consistency unite in a common resistance
to the threatened subversion of the funda
mental system of our Government the con
version of a democratic Republic Into a
plutocratic Empire
The President has no power in lilmsef to
change the standard of our currency but
the President has according to the Repub
lican doctrine in the absence of
the times Washington Wednesday august 15 1900
Elonal legislation the power practically
arbltrarj to govern our colonies without
the restraint or restrictions of the Consti
tution It is this Rstem of government
which led to our revolt against Eng and In
liTC It is not one but manj s es back
ward It is a late confession that our an
cestors were unjustillMl In renouncing alle
giance to Great Britain and establishing
an independent Government
When issues of such moment is these
confront us differences on minor tnc ries
sink into insignificance and citizens of all
shides of opinion on other political or
moral questions can consistently and with
out sacrifice Of principle unite and they
will so unite in one grand effort at ths
polls to rescue and perpetuate the system
of government which the foundt of our
Republic secured bj forclbe revolution
agalrst British authority
Ilillnr AMient In the nnipnlKii
Proceeding apparently upon the assump
tion that the Anierican farmer is a fool
because for so many jears he was unable
to figure out the simple sum that the
tariff Is a tax and that the consumer pays
It the Republican managers are now pre
paring to profit by what they conceive to
be tht credulity of -the agricultural cle
ment by claiming credit for the prospect
of dollar wheat an alnajs alluring cam
paign crj But tho farmer has j ti his
thinking cap on for several years ad has
been doing some particularly heavy cogi
tating during the past quadrennial period
Tor cxamrle ho recalls that during the
tremendous heat and fury of the last cam
paign when tho chances were about even
between the two ptrties there was an up
ward flurry in tho wheat market and be
fore tho prices of this cerealCtopped ris
ing reached a figure which brought a
profitable return to the producer Grovcr
CIiv eland a mighty poor sort of a Demo
cra was then President Nobody not
even the crazj horse organs that supported
him claimed that an act of the Presi
dent or the Administration had started
wheat prices on the up grade If such a
clplm had been made we dare say the far
mer would have led the nation In a merry
cachination of scorn
A similar condition In tho wheat mar
ket confronts the fanner today It seems
entirely probable that If he hold his wheat
long enough he will realize for it nearly
or quite one dollar a bushel But he has
learned too much to listen with patience
to the exultant boasts of the campaign
orator that the party la power is entitled
to credit for the price of wheat However
even if by some hocus pocus he could be
fooled on thU point what is he to think
of the party In power when he Is brought
face to face with the hard fact that his
dollar wheat purchases no more at present
than Lis sixty cent wheat purchased a few
years ago When he begins to searph for
the cause of this he will discover that Re
publican legislation and administration
are directly responsible
During the past two years war and fam
ine have about exhausted the cereal sur
plus and the granaries of the world to
day are empty Naturally rising prices In
all food markets are to ba expected The
law of supply and demand has free and
natural scope In this condition But this
law is arrested and perverted In Its re
lations to the markets of other commodi
ties No plan has yet been devised under
which the trusts can control outright the
cereal markets But the trusts can and do
control the markets to which the vrmet
carries his wheat his corn and his rje for
exchange Having this control the trusts
deliberately artfully and greedily have
put up Ihe prices of all commodities which
the ffmcr must buy with his cereal3
Ei iryUiIng that goes upoa his tatile or
upon his back costs him more at this mo
ment than it has cost since the pro
ductive energies of this nation were para
lyzed and Its industrial machinery wa
dcanged by the blight of a four years
civil war The Administration at Wash
ington or the Republican party In any sec
tion of the country has done nothing to
curb the power or rapacity of the trusts
On the contrary the Administration and
the party have strengthened the trusts and
are confidently relying upon a continuance
power through the aid extended bj the
trusts The trusts mulct the people and
divide th profits with the party In power
b contributing to its campaign fund
The farmer who sells hta wheat crop
this year for approximately one dollar a
bushil would be happy Indeed if be did
not have to pay nearly twlco as much for
sugar as he paid before the McKInley Ad
ministration allied Itself with the Sugar
Trust
Let us hope that the allies who are
bound together in the holy cause of hu
manity will avoid tho sins of envy Jeal
ousy and uncharitablenes3 and proceed
to punish the treacherous Chinese in peace
and harmony with each other It is re
ported that Russia feels aggrieved on ac
count of British activity in the Yangtse
Valley Well perhaps England feels hurt
too because Russia has hoisted her flag
over Nluchwang In the end everybody
but the United States will have a slice
rnd the intending carvers should not quar
rel
A German officer who heard tl e Kai
sers farewell speech to his troops embark-
ing for China asserts that His Majesty
declared that the purpose of hostilities was
to restore the statu quo ante and admon
ished officers and men to treat wounded
enemies and prisoners with humanltj As
this corroborates Ambassador Whites ac
count of the address It can probably be
accepted as the correct version the first
and hair raising one having filtered to us
through the French press
A of tli CMnoht Sllunttoa
Trotn tlie New lork I veiling Imt
The notion tlial in tie jKlfkitin of Chint
the powers would act togcilxr with Uncvolent
motive and unelftih aim lias never lietn to
man esperienctl olervefs more than a plea
ing I ope The announcement apparently cfi
till that Itussla hai aullioiizcd its reprecnta
live at ftlin to withdraw Iu caae the Chiniae
CoMTnmenl can guarartee him a Kjfe cn orl will
not teml to increase confulerce tit all the ikjw
er ltu ia Is the oAe wlinse intrmes In China
liave Irf en inot cniteiit and whose oitIi il
Influence lias leen most nlenlleslv urged jnU
it U the jiowir uhuh has h mani wa the
most to gain or lose bj anj diplonetk Bittle
inent It I as lfrn tor a long lime slimvrilt ut
Ited that uhen the critical moment tame
lurcc vuuM I found divided on the Chinese
question into two opposing camp t with Hiitia
and tericany as the leading parties in one of
theni
Ciineit IltlKllieMw Inltiri If j
From the Chicago Chronicle
Tin re Is much huslnrrs honest in China Imt
the root of that honest 1 not fidelity to funilj
mental eonticticns of richt It is rattier a etrjng
aeme of busine responiblhtyta realization thai
honesty Is the best nolle and that failure ti
inert ohlicatloic will brine espoMire and lo
Tlie larcer the tranaetiona the the griatcr the re
sponsibilities and tl e stromer and more numerous
the checks against dishonest dealings Thus aij
business increase in imoorlance the quality cf
business integiit improves hut the humble hues
ster who has a moving price for his wares
aecordina to the shrewdmss or gullibilil of his
customers Is at heart aa honest a man a the
proept roits merchant who sella at one price to
all customers
POLmCAlfNOTES AND GOSSIP
U4
Csltliiir ToLrrtlier In Acvr Yorlc
Ma y occurrences during the past fw
dajs seem plainly to Indicate that th
Democratic facifonv In New York are being
harmonized onfmho Ion Bird S Coler ftr
Governor It is true that the Hon Thomas
Collier Piatt still Insists that Mr Coler
Is not the kind of man the Democrats ar
going to nomlijati for Governor and the
Hon B B OdeJImerrll scoffs at Coler
as the only statesman in New York en
titled to a halo but as neither of these
gentlemen is supposed to speak for the
Democracy it is fair to Infer that their
utterances are inspired by some ulterior
motive The most likely theory on this
score is that Piatt and Odell want to stif
fen the courage of their followers to abide
by the machines determination to con
fer the Republican gubernatorial
tlon upon Odell The Republican State
Convention will be held first and If Mr
Piatt can convince his people that the
Democrats will not nominate Coler tho
dances of Odells nomination will be ver
greatly enhanced At the same time the
maneuvres of Croker Hill and their re
spective lieutenants during the past forty
eight hours to say nothing of the effec
tive activity of Coler appear Indubitably
to point to an early settlement of all party
differences and the unanimous nomination
of Coler for Governor His candidacy has
taken like wild fire In the uo State dis
tricts and the whole question now re
volve upon the issue in Kings County
Mr Hill went to Saratoga Monday and it
is said he and Mr Croker have bad fre
quent communication between mutual
friends The Hon Jame3 Shevlln one of
the vheel horses of the Brooklyn De
mocracy and Bridge Commissioner Shea
have gone to South Jamesport the sum
mer home of tho Hon Hugh McLaughlin
to consult the Kings County oracle about
the nomination of Coler If McLaughlin
Is still friendly to tho young comptroller
there is no doubt at all that Kings County
will swing into line for Coler and thus
make his nomination a foregone enclu
son Tomorrow the Democratic State
Committee will meet at Saratoga to se
lect the time and place for the State con
vention It is generally believed that the
date selected will be September 11 Just
ore week after the Piatt convention and
that the place will be Saratoga Upon the
invitation of Chairman Tracx Campbell a
Hill man all of the county chairmen will
be at Sarttoga tomorrow to confer with
the fifty State committeemen It Is ex
pected that the Joint conferences will com
pletely outline tho programme Tor the
State convention and that all disputes as
to candidates will In the main be settlel
It is quite certain that the candidate for
Governor will be decided upoa -and in
such an assemblage as will be at Saratoga
there can be no question that the friends
of Coler will predominate
McKlnlcj nml ilie ItlncLN About
a week ego under the title here quoted
there appeared In this column some obser
vations unon the subject Indicated Per
tinent thereto ithere was received today
the following letter under a Washington
date line of August 12
Editor Times
In your ksue of tfie 21 Instant jou convey to
the readers of The Times the information that th
colored voices never were so solid for the lie
publican ticket as they are tpday aliening the
reason for such stiIicM many fices heslowe
iqion them by Prmdnt McKInley Wnile the
statement tltat he has given ttcm more offices
than General Harnvn gave them- is true it u
also true that for ihe first since they have
been voters the colored people are divided on na
tional issues I am in k position to know whereoi
I peak when I -may -that Mr Itryan will jk1I a
larger negrn vote this i ear than ever wa polled
by a Democratic carWidalr for President Mr
Itrjan will poll a eplendid negro vote in In
dana Illinois Ohio and West tirglnia Thess
are MatM There the negro vote is a factor anl
where also ou nerd -even vote you can get In
New York lie tltll poU faper cent cf the colored
vote Ci lend tueji of good pollfm fight iu tiis
cl y will before the coe nt tlie campaign le ad
vocating the ckctfm of the hannis City ticket
lou dont do your jwirt any good b puntin
such lonsense about tlie negro vote being solid
for he Republican-
v iiFPvirriiFvr fiko
P S Dont print m name The would cut
in head if OU did
The foregoing letter has been printed
Just H3 it was received No change of
word or sentiment -was made in it- The
writer Is one of the best known- negroes
In the Government STYlee at Washing
ton If his came should be made known
his letter would create a sensation
Ilittlrr ComliiK Here it seems that
The Times early predictions of tho
probability that the Hon Marion Butler
would bolt Itryan and Stover sou are
about to be verified Senator Jutler Is
expected in Washington In a few days to
open here the national headquarters of
the Populist Executive Committee of
which he Is chairman Presumibly he
will then definitely signify his position
His present whereabouts is unknown
In vain was he waited for by the leaders
of the reform forces supporting Mr Brjan
wLo recently have been holding impor
tant conferences at Chicago Because of
his failure to attend the conferences the
Populists who were there were unable to
take auy official aclfon en the withdrawal
of tfce Hon Chnrlcs A Towne from the
Siuux Falls ticket It Is thought that
when Senator Duller arrives in Washing
ton and opens headquarters for his part
ho will summon here a meeting of the
Pcpulltt Executive Lommlttce to con
sider the Towno withdrawal Apparentl
there is Ecarcelv any doubt that he will
strongly oppose the substitution of Mr
Stevensons rome on the Sioux Falls
ticket for Mr Towrs Doubtless he will
be overborne in this matter and them it
Is suggested that ha will resign the chair
manship of th committee and openly
align himself vlthT the
Populists wtcsa ticket is headed
bj Wharton Barker and Ignatius Don
nelly What cfTrct this action- would have
upon fusion In North Carolina is n sub
ject of Many well Informed
Democrats fear that It would cnvlanger
the Democratic electoral ticket in North
Carolina and many Republicans- exult
antl boast that it would give that State
to McKInley Without tho aid of tho
Populists the Demo rats have not been
able to do much In North Carolina for
several jears though there Is excellent
reason to believe that Mr Brjan Is
strong enough fo bold in line the mass of
Populists In that State irrespective of
Senator Butlers attite
t olniilsin itlnr LH v circumstantial
story quite well authenticated has
reached Washington that the Republican
managers are colonizing negroes by the
thousand In West Virginia from Virginia
and Pennsylvania It Is said that Senator
Elklns has represented to Mr Hanna that
the party this year will be at least eight
thousand votes short In West Virginia of
the poll of 1SS0 due in the main to the
rcfurn of about thai number of Demosrat
to their old allegiance As Mr McKInley
carried the State four jeirs ago by only
11187 It Is evident that if Senator Elklns
figures are creri approximately correct
quite five thousand new negro voers will
be necessary to nave the Republican elec
toral ticket Of course Senator Elkiiis
personal irtcrests are more in jeoparly
by tho changed political conditions in
West Virginia than are those of the na
tional ticket as it i possible for tin
Democrats to lose the electoral and State
tickets by several thousand and still save
the Legislature which Is to eleut a Sena
tor It is presumed therefore that a dis
tribution of the new voters will be made
with the especial view of strengthening
the Republican legislative tickets The
negroes are being brought Into the State
ostensibly for the purpose of working In
various new ccal mines and other enterprises-
recently inaugurated The Demo
crats claim that the imported blacks will
not have been in the State long enough to
vote In November but there is little
doubt that by some means they will get
their ballots counted If they are permitted
to go to the polls The question Is fraught
with grave dangers for both parties and
may lead to serious trouble in West Vir
ginia before election day
THE RAILWAYS OF CHINA
Itonilx Wlili li 1llKt Be lue il by the
VIMcmI I orcc
A Reutcr correspondent In a letter on
Imperial Chinese r vllwajs describes the
line from Pekln to Nluchwang which m ght
b utilized by the allied forces as an al
ternative route to the Chirese capital
using instead of Tientsin
as the base of operations The letter Is as
follows
By the courtesy and kindness of th2
officials of the Imperial Chinese railways I
have recently been able to make an Inter
esting Journey over the whole system from
Pekln Tight through to Nluchwang and
back The main thing which struck me
during the whole of the Journey was tho
splendidly efficient manner in which every
thing is being managed The whole line
is of course so far as Its practical working
is concerned under the supreme control of
Mr Kinder the assisted
by a carefully selected foreign staff It U
a fine tribute to the efficiency of the staff
to say that In spite of the difficulty of
properly training the Chinese staff and
other manifold difficulties Inseparable from
such enterprises in China there has b3n
only one really serious accident to a train
since the North China railways were first
opened
In all departments the management and
working show extremely good results re
sults that will compare very favorably In
deed with similar undertakings In any f
other part of the world For Instance the
bridge works at can and
do construct all the bridges needel for the
new extensions to Nluchwang and S
and do it much quicker than
such work is ordinarily done In England
The bridge work for the section of the
Luhan line recently opened to traffic was
all done at and the works
were turning It out at the rate of lOO fe t
double track spans In a month The whole
of the spans for the Lukou bridge twenty
seven in number and most of them a nun-
dred feet long were turned out In slightly
over eleven months The works rje under
the control of W Howard an Englishman
The traffic department is also deserving of
a word of praise
People who have never seen C
ese workman fo know him can have very
little idea how ineffably stupid he can
really be when he lays himself out for It
As an example cf their thickheadedness
and the extreme difficulty of getting them
to undeistand any innovations I was told
by Mr Foley the traffic manager that
when the double line from Peklre to Tien
tsin was opened It took a long time to
drive an understanding of the difference
of working between a single and a double
track line into the heads of the Chinesj
staff It was almost impossible to con
vince them that the one line was meant
for the up and the other for the down
traffic the prevailing Idea being that the
old track was meant for the conveyance
of the common herd while the new one
was to be reserved fcr high officials and
such like
The single line had always been worked
by the electric staff system ensuring that
only one train could be on the same sec
tion of lice at a time but the opening
of the double line of course did away With
the necessity for this- and it is now work
ed by semaphore signals alone This was
a mattr which the native guards anl
drivers could not be brought to under
stand for a long time and In- several In
stances the driver of a train abcolutcly
refused to leave a station until the staff
had been handed to him and this In spite
of most lucid written and verbal Instruc
tions In the new system Then cf course
the whole traffic of the line would be de
ranged until a responsible foreign official
could arrive on the scene and Induce the
man to start his train At the outset
there was in one or two Instances come
little difficulty lr persuading the drivers
that it might be inconvenient to use the
up Ilne for down traffic But by the ex
ercise of a good deal of patience and tact
these Initial difficulties have been- over
come ami the line is worked as efficiently
and safely aa any railway In the world
Traveling on the Nluchwang extension
is necessarily somewhat slow for the pres
ent and it takes something like forty
eight or fifty hours to get through from
Tientsin to Niuchnang a distance of some
iOO miles but even this slow rate of trav
eling is not bad for a line which is under
construction for the greater part of its
length
The roadbed right through is exceeding
ly well made and where the line is fin
ished and ballasted the traveling is very
smosth and comfortable at any speed The
road is now open to regular traffic as far
as KInchcu 2S7 miles from Tientsin but
through traffic at Nluchwang is carried on
When the rainy season sets In however
in a month or six weeks time the traffic
will Tertainly suffer a good drl of inter
ruption especially at the crossing of the
Sha llng Ho some five mle3 from Kln
chou where the permanent bridge is sot
yet completed and traffic Is taken acrcss
the river b a deviation This will have
to be removed before the floods which are
very severe at that place come down
It Is a perfect mystery where all the
passengers come from On sections of the
line which apparently run from no vhere
to nowhere the trains are simply packed
with a seething mass of Cele3tiil hu
manity From Koupantze the junction
between the Nluchwang and
branches to there
must have been something like 1j00 na
tive passengers on the train and I was
assured that this was nothing extraordi
nary The goods traffic appears to promise
equally well The line taps the greit Niu
chwang grain and bean growing dlsrrics
which supply almost the whole export
trade of Nluchwang and will of neccssty
get a large share of the carriage of these
products which at present are brougnt
dovn to the port In small boils a slow
and tedious method of transport
While at Niuchwaug I visited the ter
minus of the Chinese Eastern Railway
which Is b ing constructed by the Russians
The work of construction appears to be
being pushed on with ail possible speed
The railway works were as active as a
beehive numbers of passenger cars and
other rolling stock were being built with
every appearance of haste One thing
that particularly rtruclr me was the fact
that mos t of what are described as pasn
ger cars are peculiarly suited for troop
traffic in fact seem to have been specially
built for that purpose I also rotlced
several cars fitted as ambulance wagons
with the Geneva Cro3s conspicuous
paldted on the outside The locomotives
are of a heavy American type all com
pound and adapted for the use of cither
wood or coal as fuel
Tne terminus locally called Ru33lan
town covers an area of three square
miles an area much in excess of any pres
ent or future requirements
Tlie Nluchwang people are quite con
vinced that the whole of the countrj down
to the great wall must ultimately fall
Into the hands of Russh and from the
manner irTwhlch the Russians arc working
I think there can be very little doubt as
to their designs Theli ralivas connect
up all the most important strategic points
to the south east and north of tlie Liao
River and at all these places they have
milltarj guards only protecting the rail
way works of course They expect to
have through communication by rail from
Port Arthur to Vladivostock In less than
a vcar and that together with the com
pletion cf the trans Siberian line should
make Russias position in Manchuria al
most unassailable I was informed that
trouble between Russians and natives is
or almost d illy occurrence at some point
or other In the area In which their opera
tions are carried on Not long ago a cap
tain of Cossacks was shot and killed at
Liao sng while a few das previous to
my visit a party of Russian merchants
were attacked some distance up the Liao
River One of them was killed and two
othprs received severe gunshot wounds
These are but two of many instances of
a similar kind of which I was told AU
these cases ire settled locally in a more
or less quiet manner but can there be
much doubt that they are all recorded In
the ledger against a more than possible
day of reckonlne
A COAL STRIKE PROBABLE
Committee r ie inlPi -
llrnft Ilrmnmls
HAZLETON Pa Aug 11 In conte
quence of a report and recommendations
made b the committee on resolutions in
the executive session of the convention ot
the United Mine Workers this afternoon
there Is a possibility ot a general strike
being declared throughout the entire coal
regions comprised in the Lackawanna Lu
zerne and Susquehanna districts
It was given out at the conclusion of this
afternoons session that the commute had
recommended that the following demands
be made upon the coal operators In the re
gions represented by the convention
An increase of 10 per cent for inside
work and of 15 per cent for outside work
A reduction In the price ot powder from
27 a keg to 150 a keg
A joint conference betreen the commit
tee representing the National MlneWork
ers and the operators within ten days
In case of a refusal on the part of the
operator to meet the committee President
Mitchell Is authorized to declare a general
strike These resolutions will be voted on
by the convention tomorrow
An operator here when shown theje reso
lutions said the operators could positively
not agree to any conference with any tody
of men not representing their own em
ployes
In the morning session of the convention
Ihe matter of child labor in the m ncs was
brought up It was stated that many
children not over nine years old were em
ployed in the coal breakers This is against
the Ian but their parents secured their
employment by submitting certificates
made by them under oath that their chil
dren were twelve years old- In many In
stances boys whom th0 certificates stated
to be fourteen are It U said ony eleven
or twelve eaj s old
TBIAI OF THE ATATIAMA
-New Ilnttlenlilp to Tie Itnn llirr the
Cape Ann CotirMc
BOSTON Aug H The official trial
trln of the new battleship Alabama will
take place over the Cape Ann course on
either August 27 oi 2S
The requirements governing the trial
are similar to those rules which have pre
vailed at all recent battleship trials The
Alabama must maintain a speed ot six
teen knots an hour for four hours under
forced draft The ship will have her
course marked out by the most formid
able gathering ot warships that ever wel
comed any new ship Into thv navy
Orders have been received at the Char
leston Navy Yard to the erTeit that the
battleships Kearsarge Kentucky Indiana
Massachusetts and Texas- and the donble
turreted monitor Amphltrite will rendtv
vous in Presidents Roads August 25 and
that they are to act as station ships dur
ing the trial ot the Alabama The ship
exceptirg the Amphltrite are at present
on the coast of Maine The monitor is at
New Bedford
Tho exact date of the arrival
of the Alabama at the anchorage
down the harbor Is not given
out nor will It be possible to an
nounce It definitely until the work of
Ecraping and painting the battleships
bottom at the Brooklyn yard has been
completed When she does come every
thing Till be in readiness for the trial
and no time will be lost
It Is thought here that the trial will
be made either August 27 or 28 this Infer
ence being based on the orders Issued to
the etakeboar The board which Is to take
charge of the trial and then report on It
Is made up cf the following named of
ficers Rear Admiral TreOerick Rodgers
Capt Robley D Evan1 Commander Jos
eph M Hemphill Commander Charles R
Roelker Lieutenant Commander C E
VreelanO Lieutenant Commander Richard
Henderson and Naval Constructor Wash
ington Capps
THE FIRST Or ITS KIND
Lniliic IiiiiLr of tin- Ms llntcil
Schooner George t AVrlls
CAMDEN Me Aug 11 The launch
today ot the first six masteu schooner
ever built marked an event In the history
of American shipbuilding The vessel was
put afloat In the yard of II M Bean She
Is the longest wooden sailing vessel in
the world and the largest vessel of the
fore-and-aft rig in this or any other
country on the stocks or afloat The
schooner was christened George W Wells
She was built for Cant John G Crowley
of TauntoD Mas3 and others of New
York City and Massachusetts Few ships
either metal or vood are as large a3 the
Wells and she can carry more cargo than
most steamships With coal freights at fi
a ton as they were last fall this schoon
er would carry 10900 ora a single trip
from Newport News to Boston in ten such
trips her gross earnings would equal her
cost and with the freight market in fair
condition she should pay for herself while
still a comparatively new vessel
The keel of thi schooner was laid on
prii 1 and since that day a force averag
ing 120 of the best ship carpenters calk
ers riggers and blacksmiths in Maine
have been at work on her Such is her
weight that the masts were not stepped
while she was on the stocks for fear that
the blocks upon which she rested solid
pieces of hard pine would collapse The
launching was celebrated by the people of
the surroundirg country who gathered at
tho shipyard in thousands to see the big
schooner slide from the ways No wine
bottle was broken over the Wells but the
pretty daughter of the man for whom the
vessel has been namel scattered a basket
of roses over the bov and as the gl3nt
moved down toward the bay a Dock of
white doves was liberated After tne
launching a banquet was served to the
owner and to many guests- ircludlng all
the men who had helped to build the big
boat
Action In CTina
Fren the Chicago Time Herald
Whether ir is true cr fale the rej ort that
IIu kLi will permit her jrTiiistcr to depart fiom
PeUn undr Chinese escort raises a question of
vct sreat and general irteret TlKHisrb the al
leged deci ion is severely criticised esjieeially in
Lomion it is certainly based en an indubitable
right no nutter how impolitic it might seem
In sh 1 mailer the home Government its reprc
Rentable ard the toiernmcnt to which the lat
ter is accreilutd are alone concerreil Tlie Min
ister is a servant to go or come ac call Ic is
expected itut he will remain at his li t par
llctilarlv at a time of grave ropon ibilitr until
he is autliortrcd to retire Put he is alwais sub
ject to ord rs and It would lw e ipullr his duly
to leave if he were so commanded by the power
to which he owed his appointement
vs lietwctxi the llovernmcnts tin withdrawal
roijht be con idered a hostile act under certain
lircumstanc es but in the pu ent cane ic would
be merely the acceptance of an otfer which was
made professed in a fntndli pint Owiil
lo Vlmi tir forcers warning we think it im
politic t trust him to the tbincw but if llic
Itussians feel differently as ligards their Minister
tUt is thiir lookout
Itnsiil mitt China
Inuii the Louisville Courier Journal
vn alliance between liussia and China if it
were possible would lie very powerful but it
would be ri kv and uniertain Hiissia has seen
undated a considerable war cl et bv borrowirg
but not enough for a world war In a contest
with civilization these two great powers would
go dinn The truth l the dismemliennent or
ltussia is much moie to be desired lb3n tlat cf
China The former is difficult because the other
gnat powers cannot fiprc among themselves
The Lnited Stales afe not particularly inter
eted lievatt e ltusia is a long wav off and be
an 9 has gentrall lecn our friend We need not
delude ourschrs with tie idea that this was due
to anvtlung but self interest but at the same
time it leaves us no occasion for a quarrel
Yhings may 1 different in future but that we
et oreeik
HAVANA CHARTER REJECTED-
The Manlrlpnl Otrlrrr At fur r
tnllt MnilUlc HtionK
IIVVAXA Anc It The municipality of
Havana held a special meeting today to
consider the charter which was sent tc
them by Colonel Scolt with a letter say
ing that the Military Governor sent the
5rter for their considera
tion and that It was for them to say
whether it should be adoptc d or not The
munlclpalitv d clded tc reject the charter
unless General Wood hould see fit lo
make modifications which
would ask It was also decided to
adopt the municipal law and to publish a
manifesto to the country giving the rea
sons for not accepting the charter
CnTrnel 3vtf hna Stsin muUii
- v i uwxiuicii 1-
Jutant general In place of Colonel
niwa uuscuuur cfcueraijvoou will puDltdh
In the rrnrerte -9 reeeTTittfrtn nr
many services Colonel Richards has
ucicu sou an expression oi regret mat nis
health prevents him from remaining here
Tie Clnri nH orrtla IStn 1a JmI
uve iyvno ma tuc ucnui ate
from yellow fever in Havana during July
c uusiaeraoiy lower man might hava
been expected The number of deaths was
thirty Tho average for July from 1SS3
to ISO was 31 while the number ot Im
migrants in 19C9 was 23C0O a against aa
average of SCOO In the other years
COMPLETE THEXB COTJBSE
Cnbnn School Ten c her k Will lenver
Iloitton Tomorrow
BOSTON Aug H The Cuban fachcra
who for the last six weeks have betn re
ceiving Instructions at Harvard will leave
Boston Thursday en the transports Sedg
wick Raw lies McPherson and Crook for
New York Their Itinerary during the re
mainder of their stay Irr this country will
Include a trip to Washington after reaching
New York Friday a visit to the Capltrl
and a recent Ion by President McKlrl j
Saturday returning to New York Su da
On Monday they will go on a steambot
excursion to West Point Tuesday a ban
quet will be tendered by a committee o
New York citizens and in the evealrg th j
will sail for Philadelphia on the trasporfs
Wtdnesday and Thursday will b3 tpnt in
Philadelphia and Thursday night they vl t
sail for Havana
Superintendent Frye who fca had c jarga
of the teachers since they left Havana for
this country was asked if the results ravo
met his expectations
Yes and far exceeded them said h
they have gone ten times beyond th ex
pectations of President Eliot Secretary
Root and others Interested in the
It was cot expected that wonders woud te
accomplished In six weeks but the tab
ers have done a great deal more than wo
thought It possible for them to do
TBOOPS FOB THE ORIENT
Ymericnnx In the Philippine and
Clilnn to Soon Aumlier 7IOOO
There are now about 65000 American
soldiers- either in the Orient cr on tho Pa
cific Ocean bound thither That number
will be Increased to 71000 when the troopj
ordered for Chinese service reach their
destination The armies under Generals
Chaffee and MaeArthur will be nearly
three times the size of the eutlrc American
standing army up to the time of the Span
ish war
Four thousand men have left the United
States for Taku since the beginning of hos
tilities and a thousand more will leave
tomorrow from San Francisco on the
transport Warren These are in addition
to the fighting force of 2600 men sent
from the PhiIpplnes to Tientsin early la
the struggle against the Boxers There
are still abouj 5000 rqen jn this Qauatrr
ready fo sail as soon as transports can bo
arranged for them
The Warren which will set sail tomor
row will carry two squadrons of the Ninth
Cavalry numbering about 830 men and
100 privates of the hospital corps besides
a number of attaches They will go to
Taku by way of Nagasaki The next
transport to leave San Francisco will be
the Sherman sailing on the 2Cth She will
carry troops from the Second tne Fifth
and the Eighth Infantry
RAILWAY MENS WATCHES
llxnuiiiiatlon In Order
to Insure KTeellence
From the Xew York Tnbune
In order to minimize one of the sources
cf danger in operating Its lines the Union
J Pacific Railroad Company has Just put Into
turcc a new uruer 11 ua lusiiucieu an vc
its engineers firemen conductors brake
men train baggagemen station agents
and telegraph operators to submit their
watches to a Treckly comparison with
standard timepieces and to a more thor
ough examination every quarter The
comparison and examination are to be con
ducted by a special inspector who alone
may set and regulate the watches Tho
possessors may wind but not set or regu
late them Otherwise they could conceal
from the inspector all deficiencies
If a railway employe already has a watch
regarding which he Is ready to t sllfy that
he has had It six moLths and thatit keeps
within thirty seconds of correct time a
week the Inspector may allow hlra to re-
tain It on trial But unless it conforms
to that standard he must get a new azc A
choice among several different American
watches U permitted but the minimum
grade allowed Is a fifteen jeweled pate t
regulator adjusted watch A man mar
have anything better than this If he wants
and can get It
The weekly certificate of comparison and
the quarterly certificate of examica Ion
must be turned in by each emplov to his
superior officer in his particular tranch of
the service and these superiors are he il
responsible for the prompt presentation of
the certificates to headquarters If an em
ploye leaves his watch to be repaired aail
takes another temporarily he rvast present
the latter for inspection and approval be
fore he can rely upon it In the performance
of his regular duties It Is said that the
emplcves are dissatisfied with the order
and even think of defying the company
lA li Kniniit
rrom the Philadepiua Itecord
re not hairman Harms complaints over the
apathr whtcli widely pervades the
party chiefly designed to spur the tariff fav r d
trusts to more liberal contributions to his cam
paign chest Ite chairman pleases 1 Inis lf nith
the illu inn that this apathy is due wholly to
Overconfidence in VIcKinley a election Hut it
Ie should search his own mind or listen to peo
ple who do not fatter bun Le would be apt to
fwhl anion the raoses of the coldness of tha
public toward the Republican party the imperial
policy of winch he is the chief ptcmecer the
colossal 5teamhip sult idy swindle that bears
Ins name the itoliattry trusts which ha
favors and other matter of policy with
winch he is intimaeli aocuted When he
hall have made this search he need not profs
any Isto tla causes of popular disaus
faeton and apathy
llooseit It n Dlsnppolntiiteut
From the Harrisbunr Patriot
From tlie man who would not accept ut di 1
was expected brilliant Sights of tratcrv we
line hd demtneiatien of the Iletnoentu pa
Where we looted for forceful argument v mail
only abuse ot William i Bryan When a
ing defence of viiKinlrrrni which is Fannai m
which again is impcrialim wa so ishr we w
only with platitudes cin crnln the
greatness of ihe KrinVicau paty
It is not at ail surprising tint soon aftrr the
nomination cf tr Itrran Bos Hanna is re
ported to have declared tli t lie would be
of Itut It is
to rrvie the Teddy
surprising thai he never dd o for a werimj
candidate whoe hi siness it was to be to pIl
McMnley Ihmugh Tcihlt has done less than
almost any man the Itcpublicans could have
put up
Crlrily
From the IVtver Post
A Colorado editor refers to a certain political
statement as a bear faced He flut must 19
a sort ot a grizxlr wild and woolly
CIsm wiua rilil r T iwlln n is

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