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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, August 26, 1900, Second Part, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85054468/1900-08-26/ed-1/seq-12/

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itllUS OF THE Mil
Ever a Brave -Adjunct fo America
righting Frcc
lleeer Pill in tho of
wtmal Conrnirc nml Jnc rtd Dn o
tloti lo HI ciniitrjH KIhr hen
It Inlls Hint Into tiitt Prowe
During In- War With tin- Spanish
Since that world startling event in Ha
vana Harbor when Order Private Wil
liam Anthony of the Marine Corps qnl tl
made the niemorabe announcement to his
commanding officer Sir I Lave the horor
tion by the United States Marine Corps
As It was it only took two days further
to arrange accommodations for iSe addi
tional two companies- and on April 22 or
f our dajswrf U General Hejwoods arrival
in Sen York the entire battalion aceom
penied b the navy jard band which had
been loaned to escort It to the pier and
greeted on all sides with the heartiest en
thusiasm marched down to where the
good ship Panther la and embarked for
In regard to the fifing out of the troops
with all needful requirements General
Hey wood rendered due tribute to tie ex
ertions of Major F L Denny the quarter
master of the corps and Capt C L Me
Cawley the quartermaster of the battal
After leaving New Tork tho Panther
proceeded to Hampton Roads for the pur
pose of awaiting a convoy lo Cuba which
was obtained under the United Slates
Jor Ilcarj CooJ Sergt Chuths M Smith
i dki wiMilr tuuri4rilt i tltluo Ul1 111
I Duniphj and Private Jants MiCuH an I
j AS a rPSult Of tile bUCCCES nf ihls
j pedltlnn of First Marine Ilatt i on tbe
following were rfdvauced or brvttod
Lieut Col It v Huntington was slip unt
ied coonel for rnilmrt ami conspicuous
conduct in battle Capt G org F Elli-
ctt was advanced three numb is on the
list of captains for like distinguish d con
duet First Lieut W C Neville sa ni2de
1 captan for the same rea on S cond Lctit
Louis J Maclll was appointed ciptoln by
brevet ard Secord Ucut Ihllip Jl
I non Oust lieutenant hy brivet
For some time said General Hewcoi
after the establishment of the lie Naw
it was a question whether or not it woIdJ
De am liable to station marines at tbe
rapid fire ird secondary batteries I main
tained that the men of the corps cculd do
this work end do it well as the marines
are thorcuglilj trained as shaipshojters
and it has been demonstrated that a g oj
marksman with a rHc is a Rood Runner
to report that the ship has been Wo mi up and furthermore many of the men are
and Is cow sinking the American p ople thoroughly drilled at ha small gun be
have become aware of the general braver fr oir1 board ship
accordinel urged that the marines
jfniim o f th f
- - -- - - ----
shown oe given a trial at these guns
naval service to whch Aathonj bclo g d Afver due consideration the Department
Not alone the people of this counr but acccped mj suggestion and inaiuded in j
of the world at large Lave acknowedped tlls regulations orders to station them t
the coura8e and etficiencv dinlaved in ac- at thc batteries and rapid fire
guns By the reports received after the
I Intyie and Battle Orderlies Rail and
s i ere so near ieornan Ellis when he
was killed that the vere bespattered with
Tbe music boys Drummers Weisenbcrg
and Filer Stewart were stationed on the
main and gun decks respectively to sound
trumpet calls and behaved manfully None
If 11
Ilnniincnl JUMtleiits of tlie City in
Years Long Joiic I5y
Tin- Inrrlnsro of tlir loiitlifnl MIxh
VaHIIiihi in the Rniinii MiniHtrr
Tin ron llodiKot Crm nil Tribute-
lo lit r IJcuut j t lie Hmi ilnle Rt
tnlr IrcIrirnlN of the Itcvotutloii
-Almost two centuries ago Dumbarton
Rock above Georgetown was crowned
with a -wigwam In which dwelt Celtc
Bell and his Indian wife The joung
white settler had won the heart ot the
Indian maiden and thus they lived In pas
toral simDlicity founding the well known
Georgetown family of the Beales The
Heishta aboe the to An were long known
as the Tudor estate In memory of the
royal line of England
Among the well known people who have
lived in this beautiful localilj were the
battle of the 3d of Jul when the Spanish j Peters family who were related to the
anu me present occasion oi tne amen fleet cfT Santiago was annihilated and
tions of civilization uniting against a com- j the reports of the Spanish officers who
icon foe has furnished fresh opportunitys
for this general appreciation
Before adjourning Congress had the goo 1
judgment to increase the force of the marine-
to f COO men and to rapidl has the
work of recruiting progressed that onl
about 200 arc lacking of the entire ru cber
provided for About 1200 of the corp3 a e
now in China and it will depend upon fu
tures ents as to whether more will ba sent
to that quarter of the world
To the marines belong the honor of be
ing the first ot the American forces to
lard on Cuban dl after the declaration
of war with Spam The organization of
the batallon winch -won this distinction
was the work of Commandant General
Charles He wood who in accordance with
erbal instruction from the Secretary of
SVar usued orders on the 17th and 16th of
April 3K38 for the immediate assembling
at Cew York of detachments of men from
all tie Eastern costs of the corps and
receiving stops On the niirht ot April IS
General Hevwood left Washington for
New York for the purpose of personalis
r upen Icing the organization of the corps
and rendering it efficient for nctlie serv
ice in this task were united the require
ments of celerity nnd forethought The
situation called for immediate action as
well as owing to the climatic and other
conditions existing at the seat of war
complete provision against the danger of
disease the natural features or the coun
try and the peculiar tactics of the ciemy
That all these requirements were suc
cessful met by General Heywcod In his
organization of the battalion subsequent
facts testif
In regard lo the first and most important
conslderaaon the preserving of he he i
of the men in a foreign and tropical cli
mate it may ie instanced that only 2
per cent of the entire battalion v ere at
any time incapacitated for duty on ac
caunt v sicknes a reo d which compares
favorably with that of other branches of
the service In seme of which an eppalling
camber were rrade ed hors du combat
tfcroj gh indispo itlon aoae
nnrlM il Wire IIirrlt r
Moreover as a provision against the
sometimes effective obstruction of barb d
wire fences employed by the Spama ds
General He wood supplied ever tenth
man of the battalion with a pair of nip
pers capable of cutting the stoutest wire
a precaution which furnished a Ten valu
able example to our army organizations
The battalion thus formed consist
ed of 23 commissioned officers ard
CI3 enlisted men under the command of
CoL R TV Huntington U S M C Be
tides Colonel Hnntington commanding
the battalion was officered as follows
Major P C Pope Jdajor H C Coearane
first Lieut H L Draper adjutant Capt
C L MeCawley quartermaster Surgeon
John iL Edgar U S X First Sergt
Henrj Good sergeant major First Sergt
R J Limerick
The six companies composing the bat
talion were officered as follows
Compaa A Captain Allan C Skclton
first lieutenant F J Moses and second
lieutenant L J Magill
Comrany B Captain B R Russell
first lieutenant C 1 A Ingate and sec
ond lieutenant M J Shaw
Company C Ccptain G 1 Elliott firt
lieutenant L C Lucas and second llec
tenant P il Bancon
Company D Capt2n TV F Spiccr first
hentenant W C Neeville and second
lieutenant Newton II Hall
Company E Captain H IC White firt
lieutenant J E Maaonev and second- lieu
tenent C S McLemore
Company F artiller Captain F H
Harringtcn first lieutenant C G Lons
and second lieutenant TV N McKelvey
Color guard One sergeant and two cor
Before leaving Washington General Hey
vvood way Informed by the War Depart
ment thet the commandant of the New
Tork Navy Yard Rear Admiral F M
Bunce had been directed to fit out the
transport ship Panther to accommodate a
v ere on board these ships it was shon
that the greatest damage on the enem s
I vessels resulted from the fire of the sec-
onrar batteries and the rapid fire guns
this fire being so effective that by it the
enem ere driven from their guns As
a great number of these guns on the ships
t engaped were manned by marines I feel
I safe in asserting that the Dcpartmen did
I not malve a mistnkp when it directed thit
the small guns should be manned by ma
tourape firrnlcr Tlinu MmrtniiN
The following description given by Bre
vet Major Paul St C Murphy U S M C
of the conduct of the marine guard of
the flagship Brooklyn In the battle of
Santiago ma be taken as typical of the
naval service rendered by the Corps on
ever American vessel engaged
The men sajs Major Murphy who was
himself advanced from the rank of captain
for gallant conduct in the action were
full of enthusiasm but there was no ex
citement or disorder and apparently no
concern for personal safety
Tne battery was handled with admira
ble coolness and deliberation Greater care
could not have been taken in setting
sights and aiming if the men had been
at target practice and each striving to
make a record score
Considering the fact that the enemy
was within eftectivc range during tiro
greater part of the action the fire of the
secordary batten must have been most
destructive to his men and material and
contributed its full share to bringing the
battle to an end so speedily and with so
little los3 to ourselves
Where all did their dut manfully it is
a difficult matter to select individuals for
special mention There are some how
ever who dc ene notice b name for con
duct that displayed In a conspicuous man
ner courage intelligence and devotion to
During the early part of the action a
cartridge jammed in the bore of the star
boad forward six pounder and in the
effort to withdraw it the case became
cWachcd from the projectile leaving the
latter fast in the bore and impossible to
Xtract from the rear Corporal Robert
Gra of the port gun asked and received
permission to attempt to drive the shell
out by means of the rammer To do this
it was necessary to go out on the gun
and the undertaking was full of difficul
ties ard ciancer the latter due In a great
measure to the blast of the tunet guns
firing overhead The gun was hot and It
was necessar to cling to the Jacob ladder
with one hand while endeavoring with the
other to manlnulate tbe long rammer
After a brave effort he was forced to give
up and was ordered in Quarter Gunner
W H Smith then came sent by the ex
ecutive officer and promptly placed him
self in the dangerous position outside the
gun port where he worked and failed as
the corporal had done Neither had been
able to get the rammer Into the bore and
tl ere seemed nothing left to do but dis
mount the gun At this juncture Private
Macncal one of the crew volunteered to
go out and make a final effort The gun
was so important the starboard battery
being engaged that as a forlorn hope
he was permitted to make the attempt
He pushed out bold and set to work
The guns of the forward turret vere
firing the blart nearly knocking him
overboard and the cnemjs shot were
coming with f requeue into his immediate
It was at this time that Chief Yeoman
Ellis was killed on thn other side of the
deck Macneal never paused in his work
The rammer was Snail placed in the bore
and the shell ejected The gun was im
mediate put in action and Macneal re
Waslunctons and the Lees Protestant
Thuldklll who gave Archbishop Carroll of
Baltimore the ground now occupied by
Georgetown College also rtsided on the
During the Administrations of Tolk and
Buchanan Georgetown was adorned with
some fine mansions and became the scene
of man elegant social affairs There lived
in the town at this time a oung lady of
great beaut and accomplishments the
daughter of an obscure but highly re
Epectabie gentleman Mr Williams At
the age of sixteen she was married to the
somewhat elderly Russian Minister Bnon
Bodisco who was said to have been at
once the richest and ugliest man in the
Capital At this wedding there were cght
bridesmaids Miss Jessie Benton the first
walking with President Buchanan The
bride wore a rich satin brocade with veil
of Honlton lace her Jewelry merely con
sisting of a pearl sprig and pin She was
given aw a by Henry Clay
Madame Bodiscos beauty was for a
long time a never faillag subject of in
terest and sensation to the people of
Washington and Georgetown The Baron
her husband sent to his home in Russia
for the family jewels with which he in
tended to adorn his wife These Jewels
as they appeared upon their fair wearer
are described by Mrs Tjler li a letter
written in 1S12 I very seldom writes
Mrs Tyler go to parties but of course
I could not refuse Madame Bodiscos in
vitation Her ball was expected to be the
grandest affair of the season Madame
Bodisco looked lovely anuwas attired in
pink satin with lace flowers and such
splendid diamonds stomacher earrings
breastpin bracelets I never saw such
beautiful diamonds Most of the furniture
was of European make and the house was
filled with a variety of curios
and works of art the china service un
surpassed the plate magnificent
The most sumntuous fete even given in
the DlEtrict up to that time it is said
was held at the Bodisco mansion in honor
of the birthday of the Emperor Nicholas
of RLSsia On this occasion S00 guests
were invited all the foreign Ministers
Vith their attaches in court dress being
It was an ordinary thing for people to
line the streets on the occasion of a Presi
dents reception principally for the pur
pose of seeing Madame Bodisco pass from
her mansion to the White House If the
weather was fine and warm she was vis
ible to all in her open carriage in her
favorite costume of creamy white satin
and rare old race When adorned with
her jewels which in the aggregate were
worth more than half a million dollars
an escert of mounted policemen at tbe
request of the Baron followed In her
train The people used to ray Old
Bodisco is afraid some one will steal hla
wife hut he was following a practice
customary in Russia
The estate of Rosedale near George
town was Ions one of the hospitable man
sions which if not in the town proper
was within easy distance of it Tke
Rosedale mansion was built by Gencrtl
Forrest a veteran of the Revolutionar
War His wife fnee Rebecca Plater of
Rousby Hall Maryland was a famous
belle in her da v having been once toasted
in England as one of Americas great
beauties General Forrest died at Rose
dale In 1E03 One of his daughters mar
ried John Green of Maryland who was
for many jears an LfflcJent clerk in the
Navy Department and who with his wife
succeeded to the estate
One of Mr Greens daughters married
Don Angel de Iturbide the son of the ill
fated Emperor of Mexico Don Augustin
I When the partisans of the then deceas
ed Emperur again came into power Don
sume1 his duties as eooliy as if what he Angel was appointed Secretary of the Mex
lean 1K C
had done was a matter of everyday rou
The battle orderlies well merit a place
amorg those whose conduct is worthy of
special mention They were on the move
constantly bearing battle orders to all
parts of the ship and in no instance did
the fail In the prompt and Intelligent
performance of their responsioie amy ini
Ligation and It was while
holding this position that he married MIsa
Green They had a son Don Augustin
who was about seven or eight years of age
when Maximilian at the instigation of the
Empeior Napoleon made his disastrous
attempt upon the crown of Mexico Max
imilian esteeming it wise to make him
self popular with the people he was about
r r v V
IVLI ESi SB PM r exposed position ern revived to heir adopt joung end Angus
tir IncreBBa lne oepanmcnl Ej during the action and rendered excellent
the addition of two companies Admiral service Signal haljards and numbers
Bunce rendered valuable co operatloa with I battle flag- and speed cones were riddled
General He wood and had It not been for by small projeetiles and fragments of
the subsequent addition ot the two barsifng shell casualties that show n what
nies to the original battalion the shin t m nf nnar i iik i
vould have sailed in two days from the their duties Signalmen Coombs and Mc-
geuerai e arriTi in jscv ioriv
tin Iturbide as the
Austrian Archduke made promises of great
showed more unflinching courage than the I but was refused a personal interview wi
nrm in the military tops who stood by e Emperor of the 1 rench Jei aft
their guns delivering their fire with un
erring precision undismayed by the pro
jectiles living about them end striking in
their Immediate vicinity Private Stoct
bridg the only man on the sick list
climbed into the main top at the signal
for bittle where he remained to the end
of the action doing good work at his
TrllinlrN IVnm Adiiilrnln
Admiral Cevera after being taken prls
orer acknowledged that the secondary bat-
son under these cdsdltlons they were by
Maxiuillans order banished from Mexico
They again returned to Washington and
called upon William II Seward then Sec
retary of State to ask him to mediate be
tween Maximilian and themselves This
Mr Seward said was Impossible as tho
country was then at war but he urged
Madame Iturbide to go to Paris see Na
poleon himself and lay her case before
him She followed Mr Sewards advice
she had put ber case before the Imperial
1 Iotentate In writing he refused to Inter
fere and Madame Iturbide returned to her
resid ne at Rosedale
I Afti Maximilians failuro and death
Augustin and his parents were again uni
ted and oung Iturbide after receiving a j
I good education in this country returned to
Mexico The Rosedale estate was pur
chased a few years ago by ex President
Cleveland wbo changed the name of the
I propcrt to Oak View
The beautiful state of WoodlC wa3
Eteamehip Montgomery Arriving at Kev i les ad rapid fire guns manned original owned by Judge Philip -Barton
West Tla April 29 the men went into
camp at that place to await further orders
It was not until June 1 1S9S that the Pan
ther left the coral Island for Santiago do
Cuba and on the afternoon of the loth tbi
shore of Guantanamo Bav lined with
their dense tropical undergror th camn
Into Mew
The marines landed and at onre went
Into camp their only enemv apparently
the scorching heat of the day and the
Bwarmn of injects and land crabs that In
fested earth and air after tbe sun had sst
in all Its radlact splendor of green and
crimson and purple and gold
A Murlc ftir SjiiiiiIhIi
It was not until they had been In camp
four davE or on June 11 that the dense
thickets surrounding them oa three Bi s
buret into deadly flame
In an Instant ccry man was In his
place and the greatly superior Spmsh
force was repulsed as wag every like at
tack of the enemy Thus ever surround
ed b the danger that lurks in the Tfls of
the sharpshooter did the marines hold the
Important position of Guantanarro Bay
from Jine 10 untl August C During that
period the loss sustained was one officer
and five men killed and eleven seriously
wounded Tbe officer killed was Assist
ant Suigcon John Blair Glbbs United
States Navy who fell by a Mauser bullet
said to have been Ertd at a range uf from
00 to SCO yards
Besidbg Dr Glbbs were killed Sergt Ma-
guarded to the troops Thence ho was
sent to Admiral Cockturn7 ship and into
rigorous coahneme t The whole countr
was aroused and as soon as steps could be
taken Francis Key the intimate friend of
Ir Beans was sent by President Madison
with a flag of truce to get him exchanged
When Key reached the British Deet at
North Point they were about to attack
Baltimore and though hewas courteous
ly received and invited to dine with Cock
burn he was informed that he must re
main on board till affer the bombardment
of the city He shared his friends un
comfortable quarters that memorable
night at sunset seeing the Star Spangled
Banner waving triumphantly from the
ramparts of Fort Mcllenry
When the morning dawned after that
night of battle lit at intervals hy the
lurid flashs of exploding bombs and
made fearful by tl p thunders of cannon
the mist was too dense to discern wheth
er the flag or the red cross ot St George
waved from the fort in the direction in
which the two watched through the port
hole trembling with suspense Presently
there was a ripple on the water a soft
sough In the fog and like magic It rolled
away revealing the American flag still
floating defiantly from the staff above the
ramparts The patriots fell on each oth
ers breasts weeping for Joy Mr Key
then drew a letter from his pocket and
on its back penciled the first stanza of the
celebrated national After the bom
bardment Dr Beans and Mr Ke were
sent ashore in a skiff
The song was first published In the
Baltimore American
Some of the older residents of George
town remember when the famous Holland
House was considered suburban property
That was in the 40s and many distin
guished people have been entertained be
neath the hospitable shelter of the old
mansion since then Sundays twilight
says Mrs Lockwood In her Historic
Homes in Washington has brought sage
and philanthropist under this roof and
over the simple tea situations have been
ilsussed and plan laid plans that years
ave matured and time ripened into full
fruition from which the world has been
benefited and humanlt blessed
Charles Sumner William H Seward
Wendell Phillips William Lloyd Carrison
and a host of others whose lives are pages
of national history havo met in social con
verse at Holland House It Is mentioned by
the Swedish writer rrederika Bremer In
her Homes of the New World written
after her return to her native land
These are but a few of the memories re
called by the old residents of Georgetown
and suggested to them by the many historic
homes with whose stories they are so fa
Good Intentions roroltrn
In the
Fnrtlnir Ifonr
From tbe CMcaffO News
Do we ever say more idiotic things than
when we go to railroad stations to see our
friends off Do our faces ever look more
vacuous than when we hurl our last im
becile remarks in at the car windows Do
we ever make feebler Jokes or more Im
brue our advice la commonplace I think
Mrs Godfreyis a charming woman and she
has been hKird to say that she was proud
of herfriends but do not think she was
proud of them yesfrday when they gath
ered in the union station to bid her fare-
ii ntt tiAfipo cKn ttft frtt 1 Vin ilit 1 1 TottVi
lar lustre We were gathered in the wo
mens waiting room when she came in
After she had greeted us all bought her
ticket and sent a man down to check her
baggage a most aprjalling silence fell on
the group
Youll write to me before you get to
San Francisco wont you Margaret
Dcane said with the most Intense fervor
Oh of course Mrs Godfrey answered
Thereupon six other friends exacted the
same promise
Another silence felL broken by Mac
Donald Will you have to change cars
he asked anxiously MacDonald thinks no
more of crossing Hie continent than he
does of buing a ciar but he added Its
the deuce to change cars you know
No I dont have to change cars till I
get to Frisco Mrs Godfrey said This
remark was hailed as a Joke and we all
laughed uproariously
You are the jolllest woman little
Wakefield said admiringly Well all
miss you awfully
A chorus of regret arose Mrs Goifrey
said that we must remember that she wa3
coming back In the spring
And then youll be our Honolulu
queen the Infant said
Now dont get the plague sweet old
Xrs Chisholm said and have you got
my belladonna plasters for seasickness
And have jou got those tablets The are
so good it jou if sou feel bilious
Mrs Godfrey you ought to have some
dried beef to chaw If you get seasick
Macdonald said Ever body now offered a
sure cure for seasickness and Mrs God
frey pretended that she would bu them
all In San Francisco
Another eileace fell on the company I
wonder what time you get to Omaha
Margaret Dcane asked Mrs Godfrey
didiTt know nor carf but Wakefield and
MacDonald got a folder and spent several
minutes in filing the exact minute We
then held a short argument on the best
position for a berth Before this qursJon
in which nobody felt the slightest Inter
est was settled Wakefield discovered that
on which to erect a suitable penitentiary
for said District Congress at the same
time by an act approved May 20 1S2G
appropriated J400CO to defra the expense
of erecting the building The commis
fiontrs appointed for the purpose selected
the peninsula between James Creek and
Potomac River and began the building
of the penitentiary house at a location
where Delaware Avenue extended met
Four-and-a-half Street This made two
straight roads to the penitentiary one
from the Capitol and the other from the
Cit Hall
While the building was in progress and
ncarl completed the following report in
the proceedings of a Prison Reform Asso
ciation at New York summarized the sit
This institution owes its origin to the
exertions of the Hon Alexander Thomp
son a member of Congress from Pennsyl
vania With the zeal and humane spirit of
a Howard he visited the abodes ot wretch
edness In the prisons of the District and
bent tbe force of his mind and his unre
mitted exertions to effect a reform in the
county prisons and to establish a peniten
tiary Mr Thompsons views were met by
Congress with great liberality in the ses
sion of IS J and with uncommon unanim
ity an appropriation was made for building
a penitentiary prison ot 1C0 cells of the
size of three and a half feet wide seve
feet long and seven feet high A site fcr
its location was selected by the Commis
sioners appointed under the requirements
of the act and the Architect of the Capitol
was sent by the President of the United
States to examine the best prisons then un
der occupation A report was made ot his
proceedings and a plan prepared the re
sult of actual Inspection and of the best
information to be obtained from Elam
Lnds esq generally considered the fath
er of the Auburn sjstem The principal
building has been erected in the most
thorough manner under the immediate in
spection ot R Leckie esq It contains
nearly one hundred and sixty cells a few
In the upper story having been enlarged
to accommodate such prisoners as might
it was time to go down to the train bo sentenced to continued solitary confine
The women all sgucaled aC this an- ment Tvo buildings are also finished as
nouncement the men fought courteously wings one intended -for the keepers house
power and wealth to the parents of the iiC1 m701 TXi V i WZ hcnen 0I
Eoy and upon their surrendering their I n usf J a ln T Vi bshL S I
v uuuu k tiaiucu aiu uvaiu ui msiJ iuura uhvc
Mrs Codfre and the women kissid her been appointed upon whom It will de olve
uampl between sols no do write to to mak
us all Mrs Chisholm said and remem
ber about the belladonna plaster
Yes ao write often and
about the Sandwich islands the chorus
cried Good by good b
We filed out of the car and then gath
ered in a knot under Mrs Godfreh win
dow We wiped our eyes and smiled out
Dont get married while you are gone
the Infant said in a sudden accession ot
Mrs Godfrcv laughed and Wakefield
and MacDonald looked at tbe Infant as If
they desired ardently to cat her bones
picture hat and all Mrs Chisholm slid
that marriage was a letter Nobod dis
puted this and Margaret chanced the sub
ject by asking If Mrs Godfrey was sure
she had her ticket and her check
The traveler showed them to us It
was time for the train to move We all
said again Good by be suro to take
care of jourtclf Dont forget to write
and those other senseless things that
pally by marines wrought the greatest Key who after distinguishing himself in j pie say through car windows
damage to his fleet
Admiral Dewey enthusiastic on the con
duct of the Marine Corps cabled on March
3 1SS3 a request that a Lottallon of 2J0
bp eent to gt rrlson the naval station at
Cavlte Accordingly by the directions of
the War Department a battalion cosslsting
of 13 officers and 2G0 enlisted men was
assembled at the navy yard New York
undfr the command of Col P C Pore
Captaim H C Haines C G Long Bnja
mln H Fuller and A R Davis First
Lieuts S D Butler Henry Leonard G C
Reld C S Hill R M Glkon and R II
This first tat tsll on has since been ro
enforced and tbe work performed by the
orgauizatlon In preserving order in the
Islands as well as the gallantry it has
displaed In action have won universal
encomium Tho British Admiral Sir
Charles Seymour in particular was warm
In his praise of the United States Marines
the English Arm p lor to the Revolution
ary war refused to bear arms against th
colonists He afterward became celebrated
as a lawyer and was the uncle of Fran is
Scott Key author of The Star Spangled
Banner A circumstantial account of the
latters writing that celebrated fo m i3
givci by Mrs Dorse grandmece of Dr
Beans Mrs Dorsey si3
Trancis Ke in 1810 lived in George
town Dr Beans of Marlboro a surgtoa
In the United States Army was atte d
United States Marli c Corps The other ing the disabled soldiers when Commodrre
officers of this battalion were Major W r Itarnes flotilla was attacked or the Pa
Srlcer Major C I MeCawley Assistant tuxent The British Army on thIr rnareh
Quartermaster First Lieut G C Thorpe to Washington bivouacked on the planta
Battallon Adjutant Jlsslstant Surgeon J tlon of Dr Beans wbo though detesting
R nggener United States Marine Corps i them treated the ofiiecrs with true
land hospitality
A few das after their departure while
he was at dinner with some friends a
slave brought the news that the British
wero mnrching back to their boats Full
of glee the party went to a spring on the
estate with lemons whisky etc to drink
to the confusion of perfidious Albion
Three tired English soIdlerB coming for
water were made prisoners b the patri
otic American gentlemen and marched off
to the county Jail The men wore missed
from the ranks and a detachment sent In
at Cavlte That they were the first of the j search of them traecd them to Marlboro
American forces to participate In the pres
ent Chinese troubles together with the
bravery manifested by them at the battle
of Tientsin has but added fresh laurels
to their already honorable crown
where the terrified Inhabitants betrayed
who were the captors The men were re
covered Dr Beans was seized at mid
night placed In ills night dress on the
bare back of a mule and taken closely
Mrs Godfre smiled and said Good by
good by
The train moved out of the shed and we
were turning away when tbe Infant had
a gleam of lucidit Why Mr MacDon
ald ou forgot to give her that box of
cand and Mr Wakclhid has got his
roses in his hands yet
The two men looked first foolish then
vicious Mrs Chisholm dived into her
reticule and set up a loud wall And I
forgot to give her the belladonna plas
ters She turned to the Infant Here
dear ou take them The 11 be real con
venient when vou go to school this fall
Thank jou the Infant returned She
looked hopefully toward Wakefield and
MacDonald cxpeeting them to follow suit
with tbe Mowers amj candy but they onl
glared at Uer and ent up the step3 to
ward the street The rest of us followed
Somehow we all felt that we had not dis
tinguished ourselves In the parting hour
V lliririj soul
irom Harpers Magazine
lUanelugMit rridik 9 over lite lunula of a laitie
concern when vwtors conic mrrely out of cun
usit mid it is Ins duty to tliow them aLiut
One du lie had ben pirticularly polite in ex
plaining tilings to a iarty uf geutltmcn and
on ot lljtin FugcMtid aa tlcy were leaving tlut
IlannHii Kan ehould accompany them and have
s methlng w
Ilannelugan fluok his head Sadly Sure sir
he Bald oi cant lar me iofct of juty but
he added afl a bright liVa occurred to him
ir moiglit lave thcr proice of It wld inc sir
the necessarj subdivisions of tbe
I ard and to build workshops suited to tbe
species ot the worlk Intended to be carried
tell ui all on The whole country nas an Interest in
Washingtons Historic Prison on
the Potomac ItanLs
A lliiiue for Iclnn Dnrius
Convicto Mnde Mioes
for Soldiers jind Snllom Ofllclnls
CImincii on Political Account Lin
coln AMnnsnlns UvcoulPii There
The District of Columbia had a pi niten
tlary house of its own from 1S29 to 1SC3
At all other times It has boarded nut its
convicted felons In some one or other of
the btate penitentiaries Punishment by
confinement with or without work was at
the beginning of this century a compara
tively new Idea The deterrents from
crime were whipping branding cropping
cars or death the latter of which was
Inflicted for thefts forgery and other of
fences against property Not infrequently
the stocks the pillory or exile were made
use of as punishment Changes In these
mthods had begun in England when John
Smith sailed up the Potomac but It was
not until 1S0O 1812 that practical and skill
ful use began to be made of the theories
that the punishment ot a criminal should
contain in It the seeds of his reformation
and In 1812 the British Tarllament au
thorized the establishment of the Peniten
tiary House for London and Middlesex at
Miibank on the Thames from designs by
Jeremy Bentham In the same year Con
gress authorized the erection of a peni
tentiary at Washington on the Potomac
enacting that the Board of Commission
ers or Levy Court for the county of Wash
ington in the District of Columbia be
and are hereby empowered to erect and
maintain a penitentiary to be erected at
such place as the Ma or Aldermen and
Common Council of the city of Washington
shall designate
This was good enough as far as it went
but It did not go far enough It made no
appropriation and the corporation of
Washington had no notion ot taxing the
citizens to build a penitentiary
There was no litMo complaint for twen
ty or more years that Congress did noth
ing toward the prisons of the District
On the Maryland side of the river sveral
temporary prisons were used On the Vir
ginia side the use of the Old Colonial Jail
built In 1736 at he market square con
tinued until in ISIS the grand Jury ot
Alexandria county presented the Jail as a
nuisance and thn the United States
hired an old warehouse at the river
side foot of Wolfe Street ind fitted up
a prison there
Agitation for a suitable penitentiary
was kept up and in 1K6 Congress en
acted that the President ot the United
States be and he hereby is authorized
and required to appoint three commis
sioners whose duty it shall be to select
er did she herself shine with any a proper site in the District of Columbia
which was for very many years part of
the popular gossip of the District and it
may bear a narration
An old Virginia gentleman soma of
whose family had done good service for
their country and whose family connection
was large was a special friend of President
Tolks friends and was armed with en
dorsements which he declared were plen
tiful a water and hot as brandy
What do you want major queried the
I want sir a position a sine qua
A what
A sine qua non sir a place where ou
do nothing and get pay You have many ot
them in your hands
Oh you mean a sinecure
Oh yes thats it they told me I was
to have a where I could have
assistants to do all the work
Colonel Walker who was present sug
gested to Mr Polk to make Major DaJe
warden of the penitentiary There Is
sail he so much local dissension over it
tlJt It would be well to make the appoint
ment at once and save all fighting
So Major Jack Dade became Warden ot
the District Penitentiary
One ot the unpublished Incidents told In
Alexandria is that of a master mechanic
of Alexandria who accompanied Jailer Nel
son Steele with a convict to Washington
and went with them to the penitentiary to
see the method of Incarceration The con
vict was spick and span In his dress but
the mechanic had always been careless
about his costume Just as tbe guard was
about to take control Mr Steele was called
off by the warden The guards seized the
wrong man and despite his protests were
about to put him Into the bath when the
convict ran up the corridor shouting Mr
Steele Mr Steele Mr Steele until he
gained the ear of the Alexandria jailer and
released his friend from serving a term
The service In the penitentiary was not
hard on all convicts as the writer had oc
casion to observe while engaged on one of
the Washington dallies in the fifties The
pollco reporter Mr William Tucker had
prepared an article upon the Washington
crooks who were doing time In the
penitentiary One morning the writer saw
him bring in through the yard two men
cleanly clad but pale and having the gen
eral appearance of having come from a
bake shop Tucker gave them scats beside
his table and read over to them the article
to which they suggested several correc
tions After fifteen or twenty minutes he
said I dont dare ask you to drink
Oh no that would never do responded
one of them Well go back Yes
when you get out the gate you axe on
Eleventh Street you had better go straight
across the Mall and report before half past
eleven And out the back door of the of
fice the two pale men went
Who were thco men Tucker queried
the writer
Convicts They are trestles and were
allowed to come here and help me out
with my article And a most readable
cowspaper article It was
The local Democrats had nearly nil tkx
advantage of the penitentiary offices The
T4lrBn T- n
tfoncuu idu rmren i oiK iierce ana
criD But the time came in 1S63 when
tie Government needed the penitentiary
for military justice There courts
martLU sat and there were hanged
Payne Atzerott Heroid and Mrs Surratt
Afterward ths middle portion of the
penitentiary where the cells were lo
cated was torn down The houses at each
end still stand but have been handsomely
remodeled as officers dwellings and all
that 13 left of the old penitentiary Is now
devoted to the military service of the
United States
A Log Comlntr S Will Hake 100
Worth of the Article
From the Chicairo Tnbure
The longer you llf as a philosophic
German once remarked the more you
findt by chimineddy oudt
For instance theres the common every
day clothespin on which no man has ever
been able to improve any more than he has
improved upc the wheelbarrow or the old
fashioned wooden rolling pin Who would
imagine that there was anything about the
clothespin thtt was worth finding out
The writer was passing a little grocery
where a box of clothespins was among tha
things displayed outside
How much for clothespins today hs
asked of the grocer
Four cents -vas the reply
Four cents apiece
Apiece Great hickory no Four cents
a dozen
Are you a good judge ot
I should say so Ive made more than
a million of em replied the storekeeper
Ive followed the clothespin sir in all
the processes of its evolution from the
growing tree to the polishing box Say
exclaimed the dealer to look at that pin
youd scarcely believe that the manufac
turer could make and sell twelve of them
for a cent and have a profit of more than
50 per cent at that wouIJ ou
But he can do It He can whittle out
clothespins at the rate of eighty a minute
How Easy enough All hes got to do is
to take his maple or birch log and go to
work Say his log is ten feet long and a
foot through He wont have to pay more
than 2 for It If he pays any more than
that he dont know his business That log
will whittle up into 12000 clothespins It
will take the man two hours and a half
to chew that log up into clothespins which
is at the rate of 4SC0 an hour IUu when
they are all cut out the are worth J9C40
to tne maker He will work ten hours a
making this establishment as perfect as la i lle is smart and will get away with
possible it ma be expected to serve as a
model for others which may be built in
future at the South and West It is there
fore respctfull suggested that before any
additional buildings are undertaken the
warden and some of the inspectors should
visit the prisons at New York and epe
ciall tint at Wetherstleld in Connecticut
for the purpose of becoming better ac
quainted with their discipline and of as
certaining tho best construction of work
shops and of the apparatus of a kitchen
which is reprei to be at Sing Sing the
most perfect plan ever yet executed
The rules enacted by Congress for the
government ot the penitentiary provided
that it should be exclusively appropriated
to the confining ot such persons aa ma
be convicted of offences punishable with
imprisonment and labor under the laws of
the United States or of the District of Co
lumbia The salar of tho warden was
fixed at 1200 per annum and he was di
rected to see that the labor of the convicts
should pa the expens s of p nitentlarj or
more The convicts were allowed to be
bird to labor but on one occasion onl
did Congress direct bow that labor should
be empoed In 1S62 an act of Congress
directed that the warden shall as far as
practicable tmplo the cenvic e In the man
ufacture of shoes for the arm and nav
orders to Le made as the War and Navy
Depirtment should direct
The penitcntiar was for more than thir
ty j ears the most prominent object on the
river front of the city of Washington The
long wiie high slate roofed building
whee iron barred windows left the be
holder In no doubt of Its character over
looked a somewhat restricted yard which
was surrounded b a high wall with small
guard towers for the guards at the corners
and at intervals along the wall The first
board of inspectors was composed of John
H Ashton Thomas Carhar and William
O Neale of Washington Thompson F
Mason of Alexandria and James Dunlap
of Georgetown
The officers of the penitentiary were at
first all active Jackson men and as times
changed and Presidents changed with them
the best of tho spoils especially for
South Washlngtonians were held by the
ward politicians to be places in the peni
tentiary Some of those places were pop
ularly reported to be sinecures and this
led on the incoming of the Administra
tion of President Polk to an incident
lour of these logs It a easy figuring to
find out that he will then have on hand
4SO0O clothespins worth 2Sa CO if the re
worth a cent
The lumber for those pins has cost rnly
IS providing the man wasnt stuck In
buying it Now if that was all the ex
pense a man with a clothespin factory
would be a blamed sight better off than
if he owned a coal mine But these logs
have to run tho gantlet of a good deal of
machinery before they are full fledged
clothespins A saw separates the log into
lengths of sixteen inches another ore
saws these blocks Into boards three-quarters
of an lncu thlcl and a third saw re
duces the boards to strips thrce nuarters
of an inch square These little strips are
pushed to a big wheel which hurries them
to a gang of other saws where they are
chopped into clothespin lengths quicker
a sausage machine can chop up a
pound of meat These lengths are carried
by a swift moving belt to a machine that
grabs them and sets them In a lathe The
lathe gives them their shape in the twink
ling of an ee and throws them to the man
who feeds them to still another saw which
moves backward and forward as if it were
madder than a snake This saw- chews out
the slot that the washerwoman is to shove
down over tho clothes on the line one of
these da s and the clothespin is read all
except kilu drylng and polishing Kiln
drying knocks tha sap out ot the wood
and the polishing Is done b letting the
clothespins rub against themselve s in a
revolving iron e Under
All these processes cost money and
when the manufacturer comes to put up
his goods for -ale he finds that his profit
on the 4SC00 i ns or a days hard work
Is only abou Ill 3 I pay the manufac
turer 1 cent a doen or about SI cents a
thousand and realb I am compelled in
these tight times to sell them for 4 cents
a dozen or 3 30 a thousand which
wouldnt be so bad if I sold a thousand
even hour or so But with care a thou
sand clothespins will stay by mc for a
month or two and I even have had them
with mo a whole vear Chinese cheap
labor is pelting the life out ot the clothes
pin trade for Ling Slug and Wun Lung
dont use clothespins in their laundries
and the re washing about all tho clothes
that aro washed It seems to me nowa
Pioneers of Comfort Dnrisg Many
Centuries Gone Bv
Their Artvrnt nn Adjunct to the
Iamnliernnlln of Fnslilon Its Evo
lution rrnin a PnnderonM Roof lo
Il Presrnt Genteel Style Once
Considered a Slsrn of RoynHj
The umbrella that oft borrowed and
seldom returned article rarely perhaps
appeals to its owner pro ten In- the
Hsht of its past hUory unlefts Indeed that
light reveaU itself through one or more
holes In the upper portion or the absence
of a handle forces the fact unpleasantly
upon the attention that that particular
Implements usefulness is in fact confin
ed mainly to former days in which case it
usually again becomes the property of Its
original owner
But what is meant by the history ot the
umbrella is not confined to that ot any par
ticular umbrella but embraces the entire
genus so to speak It is not necessary to
go any farther back than the last century to
appreciate the fact that the evolution
of the umbrella Is a remarkable one In
the Cr3t place it is difficult to realize at
tho present day that there was requlral
no little exercise of courage and contempt
of popular prejudice on the part of the first
Englishman or American who made use ot
the umbrella even on the occasion of a
violent rainstorm The luxury of thus pro
tecting ones self against the Inclemency
of the weather was held in England and
the Thirteen Colonies to be the exclusive
privilege of the female sex
In 17C2 Lieutenant Colonel afterward
General Wolfe the hero of Quebec writ
ing from Paris says The people here
use umbrellas in hot weather to defend
them from the sun and something of tha
same kind to save them from the snow
and rain I wonder a practice so useful
13 not Introduced In England At about
the time when this was written a bold pi
oneer cf the public comfort did exercise
the moral courage to use an umbrella in
the streets of London He was the cele
brated traveler Jonas Harnvay who had
just returned from Tersla and the only
justification which was accorded him for
his action was the fact of his being In
delicate health at tbe time In a news
paper of that day it Is mentioned that a
parapluie defended Mr Hanways fac
and wig
For a time now other than that exag
gerated type of fop of the period termed
Macaronies carried umbrellas and
Buchanan administrations cove Pd most of anyone so doing was sure to be hailed on
the time during which penitentiary the street as a mincing Frenchman
existed The Harrison ministration One John Macdonald a footman who en
ftni3hed by Tvler and the Taylor Admin- flched posterity with his memoirs de
istration finished by Fillmore were scribes how as late as 1TT0 upon his ap
broken interregnums which gave the peanng with a fine silk umbrella which
Mnlgs a short stay at the Government he had brought from Spain he was
ed with the cry of Frenchman why
dont you get a coach
During the whole of the eighteenth cen
tury however persistent efforts must
have been made by those who had more
respect for their personal comfort than
for public opinion to introduce the um
brella in defiance of Anglo Saxon prej
udice It seems that in a famous Lon
don toffec hous patronized by the wits
and litterateurs of the day as early as
1709 an umbrella was kept on hand by the
mistress of the establishment for the use
in emergency of any gentleman who cared
to employ It
That few availed thme3elvea of this
privilege is attested by the following
newspaper notice which appeared in tha
jear above mentioned
The young gentleman belonging to tha
Custom House who In the fear of rain
borrowed the umbrella at Wills coffee
house in Comhill of the mistress is
hereby advised that to be dry from head
to foot on the like occasion he shall be
welcome to the maids pattcn3
The umbrella of the la century was a
ponderous article very different from the
slim walking cane affair of the present
day It had moreover the disadvantage
of being very difficult to open and when
open was almost Impossible to cloze
These Inconveniences were cau ed prin
cipally by the use cf oiled 611k which
stuck together especially when wet or
damp and which in that condition must
have had a very bad effect upin the tem
per ot our forefathers Tiyse old um
brellas had a ring at the eop by which
they were carried on the finger when
turled and bj means of which they could
be hung up within doors It is related
how in a certain town there were at
the beginning of the present century but
two persons who carried umbrelas One
belonged to the clergyman who upon pro
ceeding to his duties hung up hs um
brella in the church porch where it at-
tractd th wondering gaze ot the -rural
That the umbrella was in use among the
most ancient nations Is attested by the
sculptures and paintings of Egypt The
p ssion of colored races for the umbrella
dates from the remotest times to judge
from the delineation on the wails of an
Egyptian temple of an Ethiopian princess
traveling in her chariot through upper
Egpt to Thebes wherein tae car is fur
nished with a kind of umbrella fixed to a
tall staff rising from the centre
The recent discoveries at Nineveh show
that the umbrella or parasol was a sign
of royalty being carried over the head of
the King in tirre of peace and even in
war In shape says Layard it re
sembled very closely those now In common
use but it is alwaS seen open in the
sculptures It was edgd with tassels and
was usually adorned at the top by a tlower
or some other ornament On the later bas
reliefs a long piece of linen or silk falling
from one side like a curtain appears to
screen the King completely from the sun
The parasol was reserved exclusively for
the monarch and Is never represented as
borne by any other person On several
bas reliefs from Persepolis the King U
represented under an umbrella which a fe
male slave holds over his head
The umbrella was in common use among
the ancient Greeks and Romans and it Is
related that among the latter when the
awning of the circus or amphitheatre could
not be raised the women and more effem
inate of the men made use of the um-
braculum or umbrella of the period
It is probable that the Italians have al
ways continued the use of the contrivance
and that from that countrv it was grad
ually introduced among other nations ot
Itriihm the Mniclnti
From the London ClirouicI1
Vienna a city where music Is always
appreciated1 gave Brahms a welcome and
there the creative years of his life were
happily pent It was in 16S that he
wrote the Deuches Requiem which
made his name familiar all over Europe
and which was played in almost every
church throughout the Fatherland when
services in memory of tha soldiers siain in
the Franco German war were held a year
or two later Personally Brrhms was a
delightful man with a reen serse of
humor and the courage of his opinions
He never married and when as often
happonet the ladles of hi aequalntance
used to tnlt him on his lonzly life his in
variable reply was- It Is m misfortune
to be unmarried Thank God Ills dia lVe
of flattery was quite as pronounced as his
love of Independence Once dining as
was his custom in the summer In the open
air at a restaurant In Vienna w th some
friends he asked the head waiter to bring
forth the best wine Tresentlj with a
low bow he returned Hre he ex
claimed is a wine that surpasses all
others as much as the music of Brahms
does that of all other composers For a
moment the master was taken aback then
he said archly Well then take it
away and briDg us a bottle of Bach

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