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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, December 31, 1900, Image 2

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Probable Falo of the liners aud
Harbors Appropriation Hill.
Many Seiintor llcllevc tlic 1'renidritt
1VII1 ot Approve tile 3Icnnre If
rnnt.'tl n Ileportcil to the limine
Alnaiiul Callcil for Coimiilcrcil
Jlucli Larp-r Than ScccKiarj.
It Is the opinion of many members of
tho Senate th.t the President will veto
tho Rivers and Harbors Appropriation
bill should It be passed, as reported by
tho House committee. The bill is refer
red to cs the most extravagant measure
of the Mud ever reported to tho House
The report of the House committee -which
gives $00,000,000 as the total of appro
priations desired is misleading. The cor
rect amount, Js Is said, according to the
bill taken in detail, is $50,000,000. This,
together with tho rivers and harbors
items in tho Sundry Chll Appropriation
bill will bring the amount close to ?100,
000,000. It is claimed by some Senators that
the total will be much greater
when the Senate adds its Items,
and that a veto Is Inevitable. The mem
bers of the steering committee point out
that J30.000.000 ought to suffice. Presi
dent Arthur vetoed a rivers and harbors
bill carrying $12,000,000 as excessive,
while President Clev eland during his sec
ond Administration -vetoed a similar
measure because Jt carried $70,000,000.
When the House committee decided to
report the bill the total was fixed at ?S0.
000,000. This was thought too large for a
starter and Items providing for work al
ready authorized by Congress were cut
from the measure. This broujht the os- (
feasible total down to JGO.000.000. but the
$20,000,000. teing already authorized, must
be added later, either on this bill or as
separate appropriations, thus making the
rivers and harbors total $SO,CCO,000. ,
Mnnv Senators sre hirrhlv lndfirnant at
what they term foolish extravagance, and
It is rumored that every
back district
with a millnond was favored by its Pep
resentatlve. a majority of the items being
classed as "unusual and unnecessarj "
One item alone calls for no less a turn
than $1,000,000 This is for the Improve
ment of a river at West Neebish, Mich.,
and $500,000 is made available immedi
ately. It is such items as this. It is said,
that have made the enormous total.
Accoraing to one Senator the Western
members of the House have a scheme to
add to the bill provisions for extensive
"storage reservoirs." The expressed
object of these Is to improve the water
ways, hut it is known that the idea was
brought to the foe by the lobby sent here
,- tt. Vniin-nni Trriraiinn Ctmnt-sa. and i
provides for irrigation reservoirs at the j
heads of streams and in mountains whetc j
watersheds supply small streams. The
I.-. 1 .-frl rt 1yn flOt Ct.l in -n T
' ' ,7 ".".", ." .... I
Ecneme lor a vsi j.j- iciu " i"'E'
canals to redem the xrid land3,
Tf tllc t
is added to the bill as an amendment It
will carry from $3,000,000 to $10,000,000
It is said that the one redeeming feature
of the bill is the fact that the Missouri
River -Commission is abolished, and no
more appropriations will be made for the
waterway for some time. It has been
shown that the river amounts to nothing
a an avenue ol commerce ana mat u is
-.5nr" jf"i'" " miif'" por"r""T, prinn-I
nels. A protest against the abolishment
of the commission is being nrcuared "by i
the people of Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, and .
"The idea cf this bill seems to be to
jcakc sure that there will be no surplus,"
said a Senator last night. "This measure
carries $80,000,000 when $30.C00,OC0 is
enough. Then look at other bills. The
House has agreed to spend $33.COO,000 for
the navy, which is $;r..CG0.OCO more than
last 3 car. Appropriations for fortifications
arc increased $12.000,00fl over last year.
The Army bill carries $30,000,000 more
than last year, and yet the War Revenue
bill contemplates a reduction of $40,600,
00 per year.
"Then there Is the Ship Subsidy bill;
the bills for the construction of public
buildings in every hamlet; the Cotton
Claims bill; the Omnibus Claims bill, and
so on without limit. This session will be
a record breaker, and no -sane man will
blame the President should he veto the
Rivers and Harbors bill."
The ni-1'renlileiit nnd Cnptalii Ilinni
at 3Inri!i?'fi Iitlnuil.
COLUMBIA. S. C, Dec. CO Grover
Cleveland, "righting Bob" Evans, and
other sportsmen arrived at Georgetown lc
a special sleeper at midnight last nlghL
They slept In their car, and this morning
went by launch to Murphy's Island, where
they will be the guests ct the Murphy's
Island Gun Club for ten days. The party
has been invited to attend a banquet of
the Palmetto Club tomorrow nlghL Mr.
Cleveland Is an honorary member.
"The first real duck weather of the jcar
set in this morning, with a cold north
easterly rain.
CW AMD & recommended to?
3 VVrtlltr" rrwrthtsE; tut it you hart
rf"YT kidney, lira, or Madder
KUV- 1 trouble it will be found Just
tie remedy you seed. JU druceuts' In filly.
cent ul poller sixes, Tou may bare a unii
bottle ot thil wonderful new dlscorery by mall
tree: also pamphlet ttUln: all about it and iti
(Teat cures.
Address Or. Kilmer Co- Blsibamtos. K. T.
!-i-M"M-M"M-;- -H-KHH-I.I;Iw'.-i-
I Be your own Santa Claus order i
a Fine Oxford Cheviot from our Manu 1
facturers'and Importers' Unloading Sale.
$20.00 $20.00 $6.00
$11.80 $11.80 52.80
Perhaps you'll get a nice gift in caah
Christmas, and you cannot put a portion
to better advantage than fitting your
wardrobe with one of those Oxford Cheviot
Suits or Overcoats from this great rale.
.j.. The bargains are big and rare enough to
T appeal to lb economical Instinct of every
T man. They are still selling so briskly
IC these new Worsted Trouserings also, Or-
der Monday and you'll have the garments
- ready to be handsomely attired for New
T Year's.
J, Alwayi rctcembcr, our cvurantce tires you full protection.
j MERTZ - MERTZ, Tailors,
I 906 and 908 F Street N. W.
HK - I - K - K - W - v - K - - X - M - H'
VetPrnn Ohio skipper Details onic
of Illn Ilxperlence.
GENEVA, Ohio, Dec. 30 "This !as
been a rough year," remarked Captain
Girforii, of Geneva, as he g'inced oer the
statistics of deaths from shipwrecks for
the season Just closed on the Great
Lakes, and then wound up his story by
recalling the days of nearly fifty years
ago, when large ships were brigs and Iron
ore ports were naught. Capt. "N. "GilTord
is authority on all subjects pertainl.ig to
early and late lake traffic. He is the
oldest captain in active service on the
lakes. In his seventy-fifth year, he de
clares he will sail next season as in half
a century past, life and health permit
ting. "We were riding as high as a house
above the ordinary lecl of the lake cud
jet the naves washed high o er our pilot
house," said Captain Gilford 'as ho re
ferred to his experiences on the Alura
! Cobb west of Erie, in the recent severe
storm. The Antra Cobb Is the schooner
of which Sir Gilford is captain. The
storm on Lake Erie referred to Is tho
one in which the steamer John It Ljons
went down with most of the crew.
"The Lons. I believe, was caught by a
tidal wave." continued Captain Gilford.
"The Cobb lost her mainsail and our cook
stove left Its moorings and became a scrap
pile on the opposite Eldo of the kitchen."
On thi3 occasion Captain GIfford stood at
his post from Tuesday morning till Wed
nesday night. The wind was blowing at
the rate of Eeventy-elght miles an hour.
The storm, as witnessed from a point
near Miles Grove, Ta , was regarded as
the most unusual that had ever been seen
on that part of the lake. The peninsula
between Elk Creek and the lake, meas
uring in width about 100 feet, was com
pletely submerged. William Daggett, ono
of the men who helped rescue the few sur
vivors from the wrecked vessel John 3.
Lyons lives In a house which stands on a
bank more than sixty feet above the lake.
On that night he says that the spray
thrown by the high seas, assisted by the
heavy winds, reached the side of his resi
dence and ran down the window panes llko
vva'er In a severe rain storm.
Concerning the recent discovery that In
a storm a whirlpool is formed near Long
Point, which, together with the strong
current toward tho head of the lakes, is
responsible for the many shipwrrci s
which have, occurred in the vicinit where
tue Ljons and Foster recently went down,
' Captain Giftord expressed considerable In
tcresU He stated that many times In
years past he had noticed the peculiar
condition of the water there, but had
never thought of It in tho light of this
recent scientific investigation before.
Captain Gifford said that he began to
sail the lakes in 1840, vhen but fifteen
years of age. and up to the present he has
missed but two seasons those of 'S and
'CO When he as a joung sailor there
was no such thing as a "greatest iron ore
receiving port." or, in fact, any ore re
ceiving port at all. The carrving of gra n
was engaged in to such an extent as the
vessels of that day would admit, but their
cargoes were 8.000 to 10.000 bushels, com
Wd with 200.000 bushels, the average big
carE of today. Among tho great number
of rew craft on the lakes today few ves-
".- -J jtcwo viu vu u u- ., -..
Gilford about
year ago heard of one.
,,,. ,. qh-n,-., .. ni.ira.rn
J. running near Chicago,
"" ..-j..-, r, a-.
cn v.lilch
was mate forty-five years
Captain Gifford remembers bringing
down his first cargo of iron ore in 1EC3,
and it actually did not aggregate more
than COO tons. The best record made this
season was in September, when the steam
er VUlliam JEdenborn brought down 7.HC
gross or 8 SCO net, tons, to Coaneaut The
brge JchcSmeaton brought to Cleveland
the same sized cargo. But the future will
seme greater cargoes," said Captain
(jiaord. rney couia nave oecn carnwi
during the season of 1000 had the malntcn-
anco of uniform twenty-one-foot channels
i been nossible
uapinin uiuciru is acquaimt-u vwm luiui.
J B. Andrews, of Eden, Fla , who, it will
be remembered, brought the first cargo of
iron ore down the Great Iake3. Captain
Andrews, who is now working a lneap
plc plantation, is but seventy-tro jeara of
age, so that Captain Grfford holds the rec
ord. For thirty jears Mr. Gifford has held
the position of captain. Before that time
he held different offices within the pro
vince of his ship while working his way
up to the' highest position. In all the
thirty years, although In many a storm,
he has had but one shipwreck, and even
then not a member of his crew perished.
This one occurred about fifteen years agj.
when he was sailing the schooner George
Sherman. Fourteen miles from Mar
quette, after running hard agronud in
one of the severest wlndstbrms that ever
swept the lakes, the life-boats were suc
cessfully launched, and in the raging seas
the crew, under the command of Cap
tain Gifford, reached shore. Then for
fourteen miles along tho shoie and
through the woods they walked until thy
reached Marquette, where the were fed
and cared for.
f The cargo of Canadian iron ore which
was recently brought to Ashtabula has
generally been regarded as the first ever
delivered In America. However. Captain
Gifford remembers distinctly in '73 and '74
of bringing from the old Canadian mines
near Kingston a cargo to the port of Erie,
Pa. He also delivered one cargo to Cleve
land Harbor. "Port Hope at that time was
a Canadian ore shipping point.
Hcprpaentntlvo CniiimlnRn Improving
NEW YORK, Dec 20. Representative
Amos J. Cummlng3. who was Lrought
homo from New Haven on Saturday with
a broken ankle, as a result of a fall from
his bicycle, 13 still suffering a good deal
from the pain, but is Improving. He went
away for a month's ojiting, and although
he bad been away only slnco Christmas,
his general health is better, la spite of
the mishap at New Haven.
Dress Suit?
So Fine.
$25 "P-
Quaker Cily Sinpcr Prepare a
Handsome Souvenir.
Itnrr- Avork. in Solid Sliver to He Irc
Nfitteil to the (ierninn Cmperor In
AllrccIlltion of IIIm ttion In Of
fering n haeiiKerlninil l'rlre In the
form of n .Mfijrnilicent Allium.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 30 The hand
some souvenir to be presented to Emperor
illlam of Germany b) the Northeastern
Saengerbund, in appreciation of his action
in offering n prize which was competed
for at the National Saengerfcst In Ilrook'
lvn last summer, lias just been completed
and was vesterday displayed for the first
time. It was designed and made by C.
Kibclu & Co , of this city, and Is one of
the handsomest specimens of tho silver
smith's art ever produced. It is in the
form of an album of solid silver, with red
American leather covers, 14 1-2 by 11
Inches. It Is 21-2 Inches thick and cost
The album contains two solid silver
leaves and weighs twenty-five pounds. The
front cofci is embellished In the left up
per corner with a heavy silver figure of
the niuso with a lyre. In the centre of
the cover is an enameled shield bearing
tho escutcheon of the house of Hohen
zollern. The edges of the cover are
framed with corn flowers In silver, the
Emperor's favorite flower.
The first page Is a highly polished silver
plate, near the top of which are the fig
ures "18;0-1900." in commtmoration of
tho golden jubilee of the Northeastern
Saengerbund. In the centre of the page
ere crossed the American and German
flags with the colors in enamel Below
this nro the coats-of-arms of America and
Germany in enamel. Between the two flags
is placed In gold the emblem of the North
eastern Saengerbund.
The second page contains in raised let
ters the text of the resolution of thanks
to the Emperor adopted by the Saenger
bund, and on the opposite page is the
prize song complete, with words and
music. The caption, "Das Deutsche
Lied," is In bold German text, the first
letter of each word being enameled so
as to make the American colors.
On the fourth page is a large raised
figure of a medieval Teuton minstrel,
which is a reproduction of the Kaiser
prize. The back of the album contains
a large monogram of the organization
making the presentation, and tho corners
arc ornamented with corn flowers in sil
ver. Tne souvenir rests in a white, satin
lined mahogany case, the clasps, locks,
hinges, and screws of which arc of silver.
The gift will he displayed in the thow
window of the manufacturer tomorrow,
and will shortly be taken by a committee,
of the Northeastern Saengerbund to Wash
ington, where it will be presented to Am
bassador Hollcben. who will forward it
to the Kaiser on behalf of the American
ctive Clnli of Workers Organiz
ed at Colnniljln.
NEW YORK. Dec 30 An organization
has been formed by representatives of the
different echools of Columoia University
which will be known as the Students' So
cial Progress Club. The objects of the or
ganization will be wholly of an Informa
tional nature, for the present at least. At
the meetings of tho club trades unionists.
vest makers, cigar men, printers, and In
dustrial leaders of every class will be the
speakers. These meetings are to be held
fortnight!, and will consist alternately ot
lectures and discussions. The club num
bers among Its members many women
froTi Teachers College who are most ar
dent in the cause ot social reform.
Barnard College has thus far sent no
representative to the meetings, but the
president of the club said that he thought
there would be a quick response on the
announcement of the club's organization.
The following officers havo been elected.
President. Armour Caldwell, Columbia;
Secretary and Treasurer, JIIss A. U. Coler,
Teachers' College: Executive Committee.
H. Ross, Columbia; Miss 51. C- West,
Teachers' College. A Barnard representa
tive will be chosen in the near future.
Armour Caldwell, the President ot the
Socialist organization, said: "We intend
to send delegates to all Socialist meetings
and will take in that way an active part
in all Socialistic movements."
Mr. Caldwell is a member of the senior
class at Columbia and a resident of Bay
Ridge. Brooklvn. He was educated at the
Drooklvn High School, which he left three
years ago to enter Columbia.
Coiiiplrllun of Her OlnVlnl Trinlx Oir
tlic Tyne.
fTroni Eivginwnos )
The Japanese battleship Hatsuse, built
by Sir W. (5. Armstrong, Whltworth &
Co . Limited, from designs by P. Walls,
and engined by Humphrvs. Tennant &
Co , has now completed her official trials
at the mouth of the Tyne.
The vessel has a displacement of IS 000
tons; her length is -100 feet, her breadth
70 feet, and her draft of water is 27
feet. Her armament consists of four 12
inch guns in pairs in barbettes on the
middle line at the extremities ot the
ship, fourteen G-lncli guns in casements,
six on the upper deck and eight on the
main deck; twenty 12-pounders, twelve
3-poundtrs, a number of smaller guns,
and four 18-inch under water torpedo
tubes. The armor consists of a complete
belt from stem to stern, nine Inches thick
over the central portions, Including the
machinery and magazines, and tapered
to four inches at the extremities. Over
the central portion the armor rises to
the main deck, forming a citadel, pro
tecting the bases of the main deck case
ment guns. This armor is six inches
thick on the sides and twelve Inches over
tho bulkheads. The barbettes protecting
the 12-incli guns are of 14-Inch armor,
and the casemates protecting the 6-lncli
guns arc of 6-inch armor. All of the ar
mor Is the tough hard faced armor re
cently Introduced.
A trial of six hours' duration with four
fifths of. full power was made on the 6th
instant, en rtutc from Chatham, where
the fihlp had beet eiocked, when a speed of
eightten knots, based on revolutions, was
maintained. Tho vessel reached the
mouth of the Tvnc eirly on the 6th In
stant, when slle was joined by the firing
party. Ammunition for the gunnery
trials was at once taken on board, and
these trials were satisfactorily carried
out during the day, and demonstrated that
tho hull of the vessel was well able to
Ustaml hf stresses to which it was sub
jected. The next day the vessel having
been brought to the required draft bj t"ie
admib'ilon of water to the double bottom,
the full speed trials were pioceeded with.
The vessel ran for upward of three hours
at a speed exceeding nineteen knots by
revolutions, the mean of four runs over
the measured mile giving a mean speed
of 15.1 krots Tiic mean power developed
over the three hours exceeded 15,
(,00 horses. Turning, starting, anchor,
and other trials have slnco been
made, and tho vessel hag now
returned to her moorings off Jarrow
Slake, where the final opening up of the
machinery and painting Is being rapidly
pressed on with, and It Is expected that
tho vessel will sail for Japan in a few
It Is Interesting to note that throughout
the whole of the steam trials, which ex
tended over several days, the stoking was
performed by the Japanese stokers be
longing to the ship.
V Ilrend Vanillic I'enrfd on evr
lork'H Ent Mde.
NEW YOItK, Dec. SO Six hundred mem
bers of the Hebrcv Bakers' Union have left
their kneading troughs and ovens and de
clare that ttiey will do no more work until
the bosses are prepared to keep their prom
ise of ten-hont das and sanitary bakc
shops. Pour hundred more will 1 e or
dered out, and 200 shops on tho East Side
will present bare shelves and empt) coun
ters to their customers.
Backed by the forces of the United He
brew Trades Unions", representing 40,000
workmen In Manhattan and Brooklyn, and
their families, 209,000 persons in all, the
bakers, who are well organized, believo
that they can -put up a winning fight. They
tell a tale of overwork In underground
places, dark, lit ventilated wor': in "Which
fifteen hours 'is considered a short d&y,
and in which it is no uncommon tnlng for
men and bos to put In twenty hours out
of the twenty-four. They have a ten-hour
law at their backs, and agreements sign
ed by their emplovers agreeing not to
work them more than the legal day.
But they say that both law and agree
ments are dead letters, and that the
greedy bosses have been gradually length
ening the number of working hours until
the men wonder that they have btoppod
short of tw"enty-fojr.
The "day" begljs soon after midnight
and ends' late In the .afternoon, and the
nav ranges at the following figures; Tore-
men in bake shops, $13 a week; bread
kneadcrs, ? a week; helpers, J6 a week;
bread carriers, 51- a month.
Small as these wages are, the bakers do
net now ask for an Increase. But they do
ask for decent hours nnd bake shops la
which there Js sufficient light and air to
support human Hfe.
The strikers have gone to work in a
businesslike manner. The strike was or
dered at midnight and was promptly
obeyed. In the morning headquarters
were established by tho executive com
mittee A. the Hebrew Bakers' Union at
Liberty Hall, 257 East Houston Street.
Hero the strikers gathered during tho
day and listened to addresses of an en
couraging nature.
"Stand by your guns," said the oratora
"They can't hold out, these bosses. Tho
competition Is too great, and there arc
too many In the business anxious to
supply bread and other things, if our
bosses cannot do it.
"Besides, we will receive the support ot
the United Hebrew Trades Uojons, and all
we have got to do L to work vogether and
be firm, and we will surely win out."
A few of the shops in which a strike had
been declared made shift to get out a par
tial supply of bread, with non-union bak
ers picked up at random, while others did
no business at all. Small grocers did a
land office business, and were soon sold
out, and the supply in many ot the big
bakeries not affected by the strike was
exhausted. A bread famine in tho tene
ment house district of the East Side would
bo a very seriour matter, for comparative
ly few of tho gopulation know how to
make breafl.orj if they knew how have
facilities for ba'iT'.ns it.
Cna Reported to tlie
llrHh AuthoritieK.
CHlCAGOrXJC .to, Two cases of small
pox have bjCeiiE: eported to the health de
partment fend" he sufferers removed to
the lsolatiwr-ntfarltal. The first was that
of Ll I. WatfolfJuho had been at a down
town IodgjngJ'aouso, reeling 111 Wolfe
had recourse-Hiho clinic ot-Biisli Medi
cal Collegft, ?an I the students, discovered
that he was Jq. the most dangerous stage
of sm.allpox..j r
Itobert Lewi.' col cred.N"203 South, Des
plaines StreetJJ ras In the county hospital
when symptonj : of the disease were de
tected on hJfnji.Jfe-.alBO was taken to
the citys ;il5atIon hopital. Neither
patient baa""cVfcr-bcen vaccinated.
Jcritey Worker vvnitrd for Dentil on
a llnllvvny Track.
MOORESTOWN, N. J.. Dec 30 Em
ployes of Augustus Beeves' brick yard at
Lcnola made a grewsome discovery early
yesterday morning. They werov walking
along the railroad from Maple Sliade Sta
tion to the brick vard. when they found
tho crushed and mangled form of Frank
Ryan, a fellow-workman, lying near the
railroad tracks. The body was frozen stiff,
and it Is evident be had been dead some
Coroner Dr. J D. Janney was notified
and learned that the man bad been at
Merchantvllle Friday night and took a
train for Maplo Sfiade, where he alighted
and (darted to walk to his lodging house.
Indications lead to the belief that he sat
down on the track and went to sleep and
that the midnight train struck him, killing
him instant's". The coroner did not deem
an Inquest necessary. The man was about
thirty years of age, and claimed his home
in New York City
'llie Vltoonn ltreeiver of TnvcM Sliort
In IEIn Accounts.
ALTOONA, Pa., Dec. 30 James H. 11c
Cullough. the Altoona receiver of county
and State taxes, was reported today to
be a defaulter to the extent of $35,000 to
530.000. The discovery that he was short
In his accounts was made on Thursday.
Couuty Commissioner J. C. Hughes, ono
of McCullough's bondsmen, immidiately
charged him with the crime. McCullougb
broke down and admitted he had embez
zled $10,000 An examination of his books
was immediately begun. McCullough has
not been seen since Thursday.
This evening W. W. Blake, one of his
bondsmen, announced that tho shortage so
far totals 532,000. McCullough was a mem
ber of the Methodist Church, nnd moved
in the belt satiety. Ho was. however, an
inveterate gambler and recently lost heav
ily cn stocks and at cards.
llecentl Collected Letter oon to
! l'nlilliilicd.
(tfrcni tiic Lonilon Chronicle.)
The Ilrif'sh Museum continues to illu
mine for us tho world of tho ancients
through their papyri Several years ago
the museum obtained from Babylonia a
number ot Babylonian royal letters re
ferring to the Important period of the
rablan dynasty of Babylon, about 2200
B C. These letters, which arc now ex
hibUed in? the new Babylonian room, af
ford interesting examples of the manifold
duties ot an Oriental monarch some four
thousand years' ago They throw a great
light upon the civilization and system of
government in vogue at the period. The
point is lliat they have been copied by
Mr. Leonard Wl King, the assistant In the
Orlen'al department, and Messrs Luzac
will publish the text and translation In
the Semitic series.
Another volume, with recently collected
papyri, will be published by the Brltl'h
Museum early next year. It will contain
a erles of moral aphorisms resembling In
rome respects the Proverbs of Solomon
and the Boole of Ecclei'astes. The papyru3
fortunately possesses the first page, and it
shows the true uso and character of thoe
works, which am numerous in Egyptian
literature They wtre guides to the young
as to conduct which would enable them
to attain to the highest positions in the
Stale. Another Interesting document to be
included In the pjbllcatlon Is a complete
calendar of the lueky and unlucky days ot
the ytar. Each day Is divided into threo
parts, aud the omen for each Is iven.
Similar calendars exist but this Is the
first which affords tho complete year.
Stop the. Coujrh
nnd Works Oft tin- Cold.
Laxative llromo Quinine Tablets cure a cold
in ono Uai. No Cure. No Pay. Price. 25 cents.
V rr cood offices, unule or en miiUv with steam
heat and lt ot srrtice at Terr Io rent, in tho
llutchin Buildlrc, corner lentli and II Uresis
excluded I'rom Trnlnx on Several
JlntlrontlM DuMni; tlic "a ear.
NEW YORK. Dec. 30. Tho day of the
train newsboy, or, as he is more familiarly
known, tho "news butcher," Is seemingly
drawing to a close. He has been excluded
from several railroads within the last year,
and his departure from other lines Is only
a question of time. The New York Cen
tral will apparently be one of the first to
drop him. Not one of several high offi
cials of this road, who were seen by a
reporter, expressed himself altogether In
his favor. The roads which have already
tnl en action are the Lehigh, tho Erie, and
tho Chicago and Alton.
Tho newsboy rauct go, and for no other
reason than that he has becomo a nuisance
to travelers. The declino of this business
Into popular prejudice and'dtslike has re
sulted largely from tho great cheapening
in printed matter, the establishment of
news, confectionery, and .fruit stands at
stations, and the equipment of through
express trains with libraries.
In the early days of the news butcher
bo had more or less of a monopoly. Pas
sengrs found themselves In need of a
book or comic weekly to enliven the te
dium of tho journey or a basket of fruit
to check a growing hunger. The sale pf
the comic weekly has now been consider
ably diminished by tho introduction of hu
morous matter Into the dally newspapers,
which are to be bought at almost every
corner. Tbo need for the sale of eatables
on the train has heen met by tho intro
duction of tho dining car.
With the decrease in business there has
been a corresponding increase in the per
sistence and oftentimes the impudence of
those who pursue It for a llv,Ing. Corre
spondingly, also, the prejudice of the pub
lic against the news butcher ha3 grown
A reporter in traveling recently over a
western bound express train out of this
city encountered three different newsboys
between sunrise and midnight. Each knew
his business, but plied It in a different
In the first six hours of the Journey the
passengers of the train were the helpless
victims of a big, burly fellow, whose fat
face rolled up in folds at every turn of his
head. Ho had a voice which sounded as
if It came through a ten-foot megaphone.
Everything about the vender was loud.
On entering the car he closed the door
with a slam as if to advertise his coming.
The door shut, the butcher shouted, with
his eyes riveted on the occupant of the
nearest seat, a long list of weekly maga
zines. He then shoved an assortment of
his wares, arranged In fan shape on his
left arm. Into the face of his Intended
customer, who chanced to be an effem
inate young fellow, with his hair plastered
to his head and accurately parted in tho
The victim murmured something of re
monstrance at being held up in such sum
mary fashion and fidgeted uncomfortably
in his scat. The butcher now came to still
closer quarters, and tbo nervous passen
ger finally bought a weekly to rid himself
of his persecutor.
The butcher continued his tactics with
the rest of the passengers, sometimes
meeting with open defiance, sometimes
with stolid Indifference, and occasionally
with unreserved surrender.
The butcher who came on the train next
was a rale facd, tow headed boy, who
tried to work on the sympathies of the
women passengers. He raade a specialty
of confecttonery, and wherever be found
some mother with one or more children
he almost always drove a bargain by ex
citing the appetites of the little ones. He
laid the sweets before them until the
mother was compelled to buy some bonbon
or other to still their cries.
.The third butcher said little, as if he
knew that bis presence was not wanted,
but sought to advertise his wares and
arouse the interest of the passengers by
leaving with each of them a package of
candy or a novel. He would then leave
the car for some minutes, and later re
turn, as if to give the impression that
he had just as soon give away his goods
as not. If anyone desired to show a sub
stantial appreciation of his philanthropy
by paying for It, however, the butcher
never refused the money.
The news butchers are in the employ
of a news agency and work on a commis
sion. The news agency pays the rail
road for the privilege cither a commis
sion of a certain fixed amount each year.
The same agency which employs the news
butchers on the trains as a rule operates
the news-stands at the stations along the
road. Consequently it will make little
difference to the agencies whether the
butchers continue to pester tho traveling
public or are relegated Into blissful
A member ot the Union News Company,
which operates on the principal railroads
running out of this city, said yesterday:
"It rests entirely with the railroads
whether or not the news butcher should
be abolinhed. We understand that the
public has come to look, on the butcher
as a nuisance, and I would not be at all
surprised If he disappeared within two or
three years."
A Healthful nnd Ilenntlfnl Ilrsort In
the .!f;crlnit Desert.
(Krom the Pall Mill Gazette.)
The journey to that charming retreat
the oasis of Biskra. In the Algerian Des
ert, on tho edge of the Great Sahara, Is
not at ail arduous, and can bo accom
plished direct from London In fgur days,
the thn ugh ticket costing a little over 12.
rrom Marseilles the comfortable steamers
ot the Transatlantlque Company leave once
a week direct for Philippeville, and once
weekly via Bona, the direct crossing tak
ing thirty hours, rrom Philippeville Biskra
Is reached by rail in a day. Most travel
ers will prefer to break their journey at
Constantino, that Inland Gibraltar, whose
splendid situation, enthroned on Us Iso
lated plateau ot rock, is unique in tho
world. Interesting as it is, however, it
unfortunately lacks good hotel accommo
dation, an accusation which, cannot bo
urged against Biskra, 'hich possesses at
lest one first-class hotel In the Royal,
and several others, the Victoria, the Oasl
tne ues .loans, etc, clean, comiortamc,
and moderate enough to suit everyone's
means. The Royal Is the most modern.
.and bis a large Inner court" laid out a; a
garden, nn extensivo fiat roor, and a min
aret, whence the gorgeous desert 3unsets
can be viewed to perfection, and a splen
did view from the terrace eastward, over
the bed of the river, tho Oued-Btekra, to
the Sahara and tho picturesque range of
hills, the Djebel-Metllll, on the horizon.
Tho Dar-Daif Hotel, attached to tho Ca
sino, has an excellent restaurant ind cafe,
the prices at all these hotels ranging from
12 to 1C francs a day.
At Biskra It rarely raln, though heavy
tioplcal showers are not unknown; bright
sun and blue sky are tho rule; there Is
no damp, and the pure, dry air of the Sa
hara Is of Incalculable benefit to seeLcrs
nftcr health; yet It his by no mcana tbo
appearance ot a resort of Invalids only;
the little town wears a gay French air,
has excellent shops and bazars, public
gardens. In which roses, heliotrope, hibis
cus, and bougainvillea vie in profusion
and coloring, a highly Oriental looking
mairie, a French fort, garrison, and mili
tary club, all picturesquely contrasting
with the Arab life which to unaccustomed
northern eyes is the great and salient
novelty or the place. Very quaint and in
teresting are the nativo streets, tho mar
ket square with its huddled groups or
white robed Arab', the languid proces
sions of laden and weary camels, tho tun
nel shaped avenues of mimosa, and the
villages scattered .-.bout tho oasis,
screened and overhung by countless wav
ing date palms, not less countless to tho
nn.h-intod tmi.lpr hrailp his culde.
with frigid accuracy, Informs him that tho i
oasis contains not less than luu.uuo oi
these self-same palm trees. In this Indo
lent land there Is jet plenty for tho ener
getic to do; the mornings can be pleas
antly occupied by bathlug at tho Ham-mam-CB-Salahln.
six. kilometres out In tho
desert, where there Is a miniature bath
ing establishment built over the springs,
which have a natural hent of 112 degrees
j Start the New Year
i and New Century
I with New Furniture
A Happy
New Year
to All.
Northeast Corner of
Fahrenheit. As this heat is, however, ex
tremely enervating to the bather. It Is ad
visable to order the bath beforehand and
to allow It time to cool to a reasonable
temperature. The tramway which runs
to the baths passes first under palms and
mimosa through the exquisite oasis of
Beni-Mora, out' Into the desert, taking
about three-quarters of an hour.
In the afternoon there are excursions,
driving, rldiug, on horses or camels, to
the environs and to the neighboring oases,
and, after dinner, concerts, operettas,
petits chevaux, and baccarat at the
Casino, or visits to the numerous Moorish
cafes in the town, where may be seen the
native girls dancing their strangely mon
otonous Arab dances to the no less mon
otonous accompaniment ot Arab music.
strident tom-toms and ear piercing pipes.
intended only, one Is told, as an accom
paniment to the distracted thoughts of the
listener, while he sips the sweetened
coffee and smokes innumerable cirarettcs
The rather squalid haunts of the hashish
smokers may also be visited; excellent
guides are to be found at the hotels, all
of whom speak French, and some a little
English. Travelers who visit Biskra, un
less tor health, usually stay a day or two
only; but it Is really worth a lunger visit
A fortnight certainly can be pleasantly
passed there, in the course of which the
expedition by diligence to the important
oasis and city of Pugart can be under
taken. There is also fairly good shootlns
within easy reach; chamois, and the mouf
lon, which are really Barbary sheep,
abound between Biskra and El Kantara,
and for these expeditions the services of
one ot the numerous trustworthy guides
can be requisitioned.
A feature of Biskra is the curious villa
of Count Landon, which he kindly allows
to be shown to visitors during the after
noon. The various rooms are not under
one roof, but arc Isolated and distributed ,
In different parts of the splendid tropical
gardens, in which are successfully ac
climatized many rare fruit trees, shrubs,
and other plants. Very charmingly do
the hours slip away In these enchanted
gardens, remote from the noises of the
town, remote from the world. Screened
from the noonday sun by thickest tropic il
vegetation, one can repose In the heat of
the day in the Arab salon where day
light filters in sparingly through hanging
masses ot vivid bougaln villeas, stroll
later through groves of feathery bamboo,
and orango gardens golden with fruit aud
heavy with the "voluptuous scent cf blos
som, and, finally, watch from the river
terrace the scarlet glory of the sinking
Bun, most splendid of nature's many
splendid pageants, most glorio'is of God's
many glorious gifts, transfiguring in a
blaze of rose-colored fire the g;ey sil
houetted outline of the distant Djebel
Metllll. and touching with magical rays
the golden waves of the Sahara and the
island oases of Lalla and Flliash.
This same sunset hour Is one of the
dally charms of life in the desert, and the
northern traveler must stand spellbound
before such a riot ot southern coloring.
I should like to say that during a two
monthu' tour in Algeria and Tunis in the
height ot the recent Anglophobia I ex
perienced nothing but the utmost civility
and kindness from all classes, both of
Frenchmen and Arabs. Where the re
verse has ben experienced may It not
have been because our countrymen are
occasionally, as a modern novelist has
wittily told us, too conspicuously "dress
ed in the Union Jack!"
(From the Hartford Times.)
trange lights that have recently been observed
on the surface of Mars liave led to tlic question:
Are the jolly old boys on Mars trymR to send Xew
v. ear's congratulations to the celestial rubbernecks
nn this small earth? rrol. Camillc llammarion
does not answer this in the affirmative Rut he
thinks wc can Ret to talking with the Martians
after a while, and he endorses Prof. Sehmoil's
idea of rerroihicmj- an outline of the luminous
points of the Great Bear t Donleaux. Marseille.
Mratmrfr. 1'aris, 4mtcrJam, Copcnlmcn, an!
Stockholm. If the Martians respond by tracing
an ..tiine JI Kome of the heavenly constellation
in points of liRht. cn their pianet, then inter.
commLmcation between the planets will have
Grcnt llritnln n Prey to Munor.
(t rom the London Express )
No clearer or more striking example of how
flreat Britain is beinff ousted from lier former
markets could be tourd than is contained in
the official report on Ilnti-Ji trade win, Swit
zerlaml in lSirt This imall l'epublic. with its
population ot 3.000.O0O, is one of the wor.d's hest
marlet the purchases for the year totaling
JCJS OTI.C00 Of this amount Oreat Britain's
share was only 2,H7,Oi about 4 S per eent,
rhilc Germany fold .C13.S12.0X worth, or nearly
SO per cent." The causes for the 'Nation of
Shopkeepers" Ik- ng so heavily thrown off its own
"pitch" are the same old cau, i. c , the
tuphhty and Inertness of the British trader
These are lisrd word, but they are larder tu
Kir vrber there is no denying their abwlute
rURCrA" O't Sunday. I)eecmler 30, lvn, ft
B 3) o'clock p m , STr I'lIKN V VI.TI- It D vl'CEY
aced two years and five months, yonrcrest on ot
Henry and ilassie Darcey, at U03 Tnciity-vGnJ
Ni-tice ol funeral hereafter. It
nliOSNW On Satunliy. December 29. IW at
II a. m, JIVKY FILES nflOTv V diughtcr of
leremlab J. ard Catharine Brosian, in her
twenty first year.
lunerat from lnr parents" resld.nee. CIO See
enth Street southwest, m ItonJiy, December 31.
at 0 TO o'clock a ru. faolemn requiem mass at
;t Uoraimc's Church ReL tiles and friends
invited. de-W-it
llABIHSON On Friday, Dec. 2S, 1900. .it 11.30
p n., St UIv K.. beloved wife ot Fraot L. liar
nsun and lUuslitcr o I lira and the late l'eter
Harvey in the 29lli year cf lier lire.
Funeral from the residence of her mother. 2202
II "it. nw . Monday. Dec 31. at 8 30 a w . tlicnee
to t Stephen's Church, wlrc requiem zst U
be Kild for the ri-rosc of her souL
SI UtSlLvLL On Frulav. December 23, 1900. it
0 50 a. m , Jlv 31 Nihil VLL. beloved husband
of uzusta ilarMUII. at his late residence, itf
I) Street northwest, in the sixty sixth year ot ln
Funeral from residence, at 10 a m., Monday,
Deemler 31. lftllO. Baltimore. Md , and refers
lurK. Va. papci please copy. drWt
Unilcrtnlcrr and I.lvcry.
83J Term. Ate. N. IV., washmiton, I. a
Considering the advantages of our verjr
liberal CREDIT TERMS, It Is quite an
easy matter to furnish your house with
Furniture and Carpels
at attractively moderate prices. Although
our Holiday business was the biggest for
many seasons, we are still In excellent
condition to meet all requirements. We
havo a very fine line of handsome BAN
QUET LAMPS, which we are selling at
greatly reduced prices. For a NEW
YEAR'3 GIFT one ot these would make a
most appropriate present. Our line of
Cooking and Heating Stove3 Is In good
shape to make a choice from. Wc also call
attention to our single pieces of Furni
RUGS, too, are In order for New Year's
Gifts, and our stock is quite large. Come
in and let us talk the matter over. We
shall arrange terms sure to prove most
Seventh and H Streets.
O STREET MARKET open all day totfay
from 5 a. m. to 10 p. m.. Slat. It
The members are requested to meet
at their ball. 23 Louisiana Avenue, MON
DAY EVENING to make arrangements for
the funeral of our late brother, Adam
Beck. D. F. BROWN, K. R. & S.
Chancellor Commander. It
of the Capital Traction Company for
the election of directors will be held at
the office of the company. Union Pas
senger Station, on WEDNESDAY, THE
The polls will be opened at 10.20 a- m.
and closed at 1 p. m. O. T. DUNLOP,
C. M. KOONE3. Secretary.
the stockholders of the New York
Power Gas Company, Incorporated under
the laws of West Virginia, will be held for
the election of directors for the ensuing
year and for the transaction of such othest
business as can properly be considered by
the meeting, at Room 23, Pacific Building,
in the city of Washington, D. C. on the
2D OF JANUARY, A. D 1901. AT 12
de29,31 Secretary.
Or COLUMBI V. Washington, November 8,
1300. Policy holders aro notified that tho
managers have ordered paid the members
a return of savings in proportion to
tho value of each policy at the close of
1809. Renewals for 1001 must be paid the
company at the same time at the rato of
1 per cent on the premium notes, and
payments may bo entered thereon. Poli
cies expire on the last Monday In Decem
ber (31st). Please attend early and avoid
the crowd. W. A. H. CHURCH, President,
433 Louisiana Avenue northwest.
Fire Insurance.
Rooms ."OS and 509, Fifth floor, tho
"Evening Star" Building All parties
wishing to furnish accommodations " to
visitors during the Inaugural are re
quested to call at headquarters or send
description of quarters, stating number
of persons that can bo supplied with
rooms, with and without meals, etc, also
list of prices per day.
M. I. WELLER, Chairman.
Public Comfort Committee.
Real Estate and Perfect Titles.
Parties who failed to pay 1S93 taxes. nd
whose property was sold, can protect them
from maturing to a deed and Ioc of prop
erty by calling at the office of WASHING
TON LAW & CLAIMS CO, Room ". 473
Louisiana Avenue northwest, city.
I'pon the opening ot Its BRVSZIl EX
CHANGES at Capitol Bill and George
town, on or about December 1, THE
chea:ake vnd rorovnc tilk-
circuits. ecr-'ipP! with Ion; distance in
struments in residences only at
$4S per 3 ear, U parties an each
lLesgc Rat'- Telephones, on metallic
circuits, equipped wilh Ion distance tn
itrnments. in residences only, will he
remi-hed at:
ffUO per year for GOO ontsrnrd
cnlln. II parties an each circuit
lor lull particulars in resanl to the
sbove. and to other new rates, apply ta
Ihc Contract Department. 813 llth st
ow. Telephone 1S93. rto2!)-a)t
There's Life in Every Drop of Pure
He ttire you cet the right brand look for the
libel ORONOLO." Tor sale only by
EDWARD J. QUINN, 604 Pa. Avo.
Laundry for 8aiis,
Parlies, Entertainments.
n tmrrjitiibte shirt front iU assured
it j ou -tmtTht j-o-nr lAnndry to us. Te
take particular pain with laundry (or
dress puritosc and social futHtions.
let Hi Lave jour nxt juckagc We'll
please tou as we please thousands of our
surpass rune sriuc vtateh.
i Gallons for JOc.
I--. .
'2 .

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