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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, January 01, 1901, Image 6

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circulation Department OJ
Circulation Statement
The circulation of The Times for tlie week end
ed December 29 lliOO was as follows
Sunday December 13 1018
Monday December 54 OTlOs
Tuesday Dectmbcr 25 S3 T10
Wednesday DcccmVr SO 39231
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Satunlaj December 29 3J21G
Total 219 S1
Dally average Sunda 194S0 excepted 5S332
The Miictccnlh Crntiir
Although the great underlying forces
which make for tho worlds progress tace
no account of time and there is no more
measuring of events by centuries than
there is an up or down in infinite space
jet historians can trace the course of
certain movements which seem to be
Identified with certain eras The four
teenth the fifteenth and the sixteenth
centuries seem to have characters of their
own and this iskno less true of each suc
ceeding century Perspective is needed
for the proper estimate of all historical
events and perhaps only the historian of
the future can know just what the nine
teenth century has done in the great work
of but it is possible cen
now- to sec what some of Its tendencies
have been as marked by events which
hae been given prominence by common
Most marked among these epochal Inci
dents are these which have been the re
sult of war There is a meaning in th s
Warfare is in these days a struggle be
tween world powers the days of petty
feuds are mostly past The war of the
present determines not the right of some
particular sovereign or dynasty to control
the future of a country but the compara
tive strength of two forms of civilization
The latest and perhaps the strongest
proof of this is the war In South Africa
which Is a trial of strength and endur
ance between the forces of progress and
conseratlsm in an obscure South African
province it Is not without significance
that this conflict lutrinsicall of small
Importance has occupied the attention of
the entire civilized world It is a charac
teristic example of the form which war
has taken in the nineteenth century
The century began with a struggle far
greater In scope and Intensity but of es
sentially the same nature It was the
greatest military event of the century
the recasting of the map of Europe by the
unifying force of Napoleons personality
The greatest military genius In all his
tory seems In the light of the present to
have set himself to discover what one
man could do to change tho course of In
ternational affairs in Europe The result
was magnificent unprecedented appall
ing He had Europe by tho throat The
fate of nations seemed to hang on the will
of one man Some dim intuition of the
real source of his power made him call
himself the Man of Destiny Then It was
proved that the history of Europe depend
ed not on Napoleon but apparent on
the turn of a card Ho did all that one
man could do but It was not enough He
alone could not force an artificial unity
for which the world was not ready
With the prescient power of a colossal
mind however Jie had perceived that
unity was possible he had laid hold on
the underlying forces which reconcile
Jarring interests and so far as he did
this he was successful When destiny j
deserted him that is when he attempted
the Impossible he failed On the other
Bids of the world in the Republic which
was then in Its Infancy the same experi
ment was under way with a totally dif
ferent method Here ve see the thirteen
colonies of America calling themselves
the United States Increasing gathering
coiony alter colony of French Spanish
or English extraction under the flag
which like the Trench tricolor meant
liberty fraternity equality Even In the t
earnest years oi me nineteenth century
we thus end indicated clearly and
strongly the tendency toward union to
ward the breaking down of lines of sepa
ration which has been characteristic of
nearly every great epoch making move
ment of the last hundred years The
eighteenth century set up caste lines
separated defined laid stress upon small
things Just at the close of it the reac
tion came appearing as such emotional
epidemics do In three or four countries
at nearly the same time In France it
bred the revolution In America It cave
birth to Paine Jefferson and Franklin
and to the Declaration of Independence
In England the reaction manifested itself
mainly in literature and the artlfl ial
verse of Pope and Dryden was swept away I
on a wave of romanticism of which Scott
Burns and afterward Dyron wore the
It must be borne in mind that all world
mayements are subject to reactionary In
fluence It would seem that no good
thing Is suffered to be lost and that no
matter how fierce and complete may have
been the revolution If there is any fea
ture of the old regime which Is wise and
good the people will retain it and drift
back to It till it sometimes seems as if
the revolution was In vain So after
Napoleon cams the swift changes which
found a climax In the luxury and splendor
of the Second Empire Romanticism
chivalry and aristocracy refused to be
crushed out the people of France would
have none of a regime which reduced them
all to plain citizens and clung to their
aristocrats as the Highlander sticks to his
The second great war of the nineteenth
century was the Crimean war There was
a unifying force in that also It made
England one uniting Jacobite and Puri
tan Scotch and English and Irish as they
never bad teen Quite united before More
over It i plain the fact that there
are brosi I reaklng two great forces n
Europe ly pitted against each other
those ton c being England and Russia
Close after this came our own war be
tween the North and South and here be
yond doubt was a trial between two civ
ilizations far the Northern and Southern
States were no more alike in their cus
toms traditions and Ideals than If they
lad been separated by the Atlantic Ocean
The whole civilized world was in doubt for
time whether two sections to totally at
variance as it seemed could possibly be
made one If their unity had depended
upon any one man perhaps It could not
have been done No superficial bonds could
have held them together The Met that
this was a war of the people on both sides
was the saving point The men of both
armies were thinking over the problem
albeit from opposite points of view The
had been taught from childhood that It
was their business to think to have opin
ions to know why thej adhered to one or
the other part Had the been mere
peasants guided by blind prejudice and
emotion there never could have been an
American people but the countr must
hivo been divided first on the question of
slavery and then psrhaps on other ques
tions The war of ISCO fio proved not only
that the tendenc of the age was toward
unity but that tho intelligence of the
whole people Is tho only true basis for
that union
Meanwhile In Europe another unliving
pioccss was going on under Bismarck
He had different material to deal with
frrm that encountered b Lincoln or Na
poleon He had the German people to
mold into one and his method was suited
to their character because he himself was
ono of them Ho made Germany by arous
ing the two emotions latent in the German
heart love of the soil and respect for
authority He became the man of blood
and iron simple straisbtforward un
deviating Inflexible a Crusader under the
coat of a diplomat
The spirit of nationality of patriotism
vd3 ujiins vine aur an over me worm
and Russia tho great sluggish half Ori
ental power of Eastern Europe felt It The
result of that was twofold the emancipa
tion cf the serfs and the formation of the
Nihilist party What the Nihilist the
patriot the lover of freedom and of Indi
vidual rights will do with the emanci
pated serf remains to be seen Russia lsi
the unanswered problem which the nine
teenth century hands over to the twen
The Spanish American war proved the
touchstone of American union It proved
i that the American spirit was stronger
tbnn Vtn F X--U o s
u iui u ituuu vi auuiu mere were
grumblers here and there but they were
In the minority Tho North honored
Schlej Wheeler and Lee as Dewey Sigs
bee Law ton nnd Chaffee were honored In
the South Moreover the problems which
have been forced upon us bj this var are
of a nature to call out all the wisdom and
patriotism of the people The fight be
tween the trusts and the people in 1900
shewed the growing ability of the democ
racy to deal with general questions There
has perhaps never been a time when
seventy six millions of people have at
tempted to settle abstract iroblems of
government till the last quarter of the
nineteenth century began That nearly
every campaign has turned more or less
upon such questions is a significant thing
It pioves that tho masses of the people are
getting bejond partisanship and beginning
to consider principles which do not di
rectly concern them In ways that they can
easily understand The only question In
volving such a principle which came up to
be settled at the beginning of tho century
was that of manhood suffrage and there
were no such abstractions about that as
are Involved In the tariff tho trusts the
questions- of International law and colonial
government Most old politicians will ad
mit that during the first half of the cen
tury campaigns were generally made up of
noise enthusiasm and oratory It is not
so now Argument counts more and more
Of the material progress made In this
century it may be noted that the same
unifying tendency has characterized it
New inventions discoveries changes of
all kinds have tended to make the world
smaller to make the Interests of mankind
one instead of diverse The printing press
which has reached Its full development
within a comparatively recent time tho
telegraph the telephone the sewing ma
chine the steam engine the electric mo
tor the deep water cable the ocean
steamer the electric light the thousand
and one devices which cause life to be
more simple and for the most part
more comfortable than It used to be all
make the people of the world dependent
upon one another not only for pleasure
and prosperity but almost for very life
It seems to the casual observer as If ma
terial progress had nearly reached Its
limit but so It probably seemed to that
Impersonal being in the year 1S01 There
may be wajs of adding to the comfort of
living and the powers of the human body
and brain which we do not as jet antici
pate and some future American at the
dawn of the twenty first century may find
a yellowed and archaic copy of this paper
and feel amused at the blindness of those
who could not see the wonderful things
which were to happen In the first half of
the twentieth The only tremendous ma
terial change which can be foreseen at
this present minute Is the certain in
vention of a practicable and cheap flying
machine and that would certainly revo
lutionize the commerce of the world
The problem which the nineteenth cen
tury bequeaths to the twentieth In the
way of material progress Is one which Is
partly ethical and religious There should
be there must be some way to alleviate
tbe misery of the poor to extend the com
fort and prosperity of the few to the
homes of the many The sweat shop and
the overcrowded tenement the Insufficient
and polluted water supply the adultera
tion of food and the tax Imposed by mo
nopolies on all necessary articles are
evils which cannot with safety to the
world continue to exist There is no es
sential necessity for extreme poverty The
land in this Republic Is rich enough to
support every Inhabitant in comfort This
Is not an over crowded country like China
or India and large tracts of It are still
comparatively undeveloped There aro
ways to house the working people of a
city so that disease and death will not
bo more common among them than among
the rich There are laws which can be
passed so limiting the hours and condi
tions of lnbor in factory and mine that
they can be made to produce enough for
the needs of all without anyones dying of
overwork or disease induced by unhealthy
surroundings If invention cannot solve
tbeso problems then the material phase of
It Is only an added danger since no coun
try can afford to have luxury unlimited on
one level of Its society and want unlimited
on another
Literature which Is always a little In
advance of the thought of the people per
haps reveals the characteristic aim of the
nineteenth century more clearly than any
thing else Never has there been a time
when the world of books was so free to
the reader and the author No one Is too
humble or loo poor to write books scarce
ly anyone too poor to buy and read them
The classics are to be had for a nominal
price It should be borne In mind that
this condition of things har existed for
only a comparatively short time and that
the best results of It arc yet to come
It is impossible to say what the general
reading of the worlds best literature will
do for another generation At present It
must be confessed there Is a tendency to
ehoddy and Imitation People will read
great books or selected pieces of them
because they thijk It is tho proper thing
to do not because they are genuinely In
terested This is bad as shams always
are but perhaps It Is not worse to be In
terested In Imitation literature than in
imitation Jewelry and the poor in mind
or purse are apt to prefer tbe sham to tho
real for a time
The fact remains however that there
are at present- absolutely no bounds to
literary knowledge The translation from
the Veda or the Japanese poet U side by
side with the latest English or American
novel upon the shelves of the libraries Thj
writer of dialect stories who observes and
records truly the lifo of the poorest and
ni03t ignorant Is as welcome to the great
public as the romantic novelist Most Im
portant of all there runs through all fic
tion and history as well as through the
avowedly ethical works of tho century
an undercurrent of serious thought Little
is accepted without questioning conven
tions are no longer held to be the serious
things of life the age is interested In
human life for Its own saku whether it
bo a beggar or a prince who Is the subject
of poem or story In short humanity Is
outgrowing Its fair tales and looking at
things as they are not as thy might
could would or should be if the reader
had his way
Akin to literary progress Is that
of ethics and tho Parliament of Re
ligions was as strong a proof as
could be adduced of tho unify
ing tendency there The conviction is
steadily growing in the minds of think
ing people that the old fences of dogma
and creed are not worth repairing that
there arc a few broad principles common
to all religions upon which the human
mind may rest in its search for God The
customs of a people are the outgrowth of
their nature and of the climatic politi
cal and social conditions which have help
ed to shape that nature their religion is
Inevitably colored and perhaps deformed
by these This does not prove that the
core of the religion is bad but that the
people have allowed superstitions to ob
scure the truth Not In vain was It said
in the New Testament
If jc will do my will yc shall know of the
doctrine whether It be of Cod or whether it
be of man
If a people fall to obey the great laws
which make for Intellectual moral and
religious progress they will not know
of tho doctrine for It will be obscured
by conventions and traditions which have
grown up through their Indulgence in sel
fish desires The tendency of the nine
teenth century has been most rightly
to sweep away these conventions and
search for the truth There is no need
of founding a new religion it has been
said there are too many creeds already
Let us see what is true In the old reli
gions and try to worship the same God
The close of the nineteenth century
therefore leaves the woild with fewer
separating traditions conventions politi
cal divisions and castes than ever be
fore By one of the paradoxes which aro
eternallj occurring in the course of hu
man events the complexity of material
things has tended toward simplicity in
human life since each class is more and
more necessary to every other class We
need not fear that this simplicity v Ill
create a dead level of sameness In tho
true democracy Individuality has more
room than anywhere else since each in
dividual is honored for what he is not for
his conformity to the traditions of a class
There is more individuality in this coun
try today though we are far from the
ideal of democratic government than there
can be in any land of aristocratic ti Edi
China 13 a fair example How much
Individuality is there in a group of
coolies Undoubtedly there Is more than
tho outsider sees but how can the life
of each person have room to develop
in all its fullness when he regards con
formity to some ones else ideal cs his
first duty in life There will aiwajs bo
some born leaders and some followers
some who are instinctive hermits some
who are saints and some who arc crimi
nals the end to be sought Is a system
which shall allow such full and natural
development of the character of each
that he will be of the utmost possible vte
to the community and his faults will
htrm only himself and not be repeated
In a whole class of his kind The eight
eenth century played the game of rtifl
ciality to its end It left thTworld ready
to accept a new ideal that cf character
In place of position For a hundred 3 ears
the most advanced thinkers and men of
action in Europe and America have been
stud lug this world lesson It remains to
be seen what the leaders and the poopli
of tho new century will make of It
Americii in 11101
On an occasion like the present cne it Is
proper to allow a little something for
the learning of the court It is quite
unnecessary to recite the details of the
hlstor of a century which beginning
with tbe advent of Thomas Jefferson to
the Presidency of the United States has
included great achievements great disas
ters great reforms much piospcrlty
compared with much misery and ends
with the establishment of a new economic
era the consequences of which to the
Ideas standards and Institutions handed
down to us by our fathers it would be
impossible to predict
It Is not our province toda to predict
On the first day of the twentieth century
we are in no position to speak of the fu
ture save as experience and the hdtory
of mankind may furnish us with grounds
for holding that effects which Inevitably
have been produced by causes in the past
will operate In the same way hereafter
It would be commonplace to say that his
tory repeats itself Almost everbody in
America knows that and calmly goes on
satisfied that the United States Is an ex
ception to the rule
Let us leave pessimism if pessimism b
Justified to future consldeiation Rather
la it desirable now to recall growth and
triumphs which sprang from the lap of
liberty and which during the greater
part of the nineteenth century in Am t
ica have fed the lamp - jijgress and
human rights and kcrit uj - he hrarta
stone fires of political mjai y and op
portunity for all citizens
In tho J ear of graco lo- Spain held
Florida France was In possession of the
Indeterminate Province of Louisiana and
of New Orleans and Spain again had
claims to the western bank of the Mlesis
slrpl That great river was a har to our
western progress and Its free navigation
even was not ours Even our future chance
to use New Orleans as a port of de
posit was In doubt Practically we were
shut In between tho Atlantic and the AI
legbanlep vlth a hostile Indian country
between tho greater part of the Union
and the Father of Waters and our hardy
western pioneers shut off from the Gulf
of Mexico by hostile or obstructive sov
ereignty betwecnttbem and the open water
What a situation was that Our states
men were willing to concede almost any
thing for the frjn navigation of the Mis
sissippi and our right to its eastern shore
All we asked InWddition was a port near
the mouth of the fiver Europe may have
thought that Napoleon Bonaparte was an
other Scourge of God To us he was a
special Providence As First Consul he
had the acumen to recognize tbe truth
that In his struggle with the British pow
er policy demanded that he should en
cojrage the commercial and maritime
growth of the joung Republic that It
might become an economic rival to his
enemy So when wo applied to him to
cedo us a patch of ground on the lower
Mississippi ho quickly decided to give us
tho whole Province of Louisiana and we
accepting enabled tho United States to
become not a segregated shut in State of
America hut a continental power in the
course of time to become a world power
Thus for the second time in our history
as a nation we owed to France the
chance to become the State we are at tho
close of the nineteenth century On such
an occasion as the present wc as a people
should feel that we are at the confession
al Manv things have happened since 1801
to make us feel a sense of exasperation
toward Trance We were asked to join
in the French crusade against Europe
In compliance with the Treaty of Alliance
which we had made with Louis XVI to
whose personal interference we owed our
independence Justly the American Con
gress decided that conditions had so
changed that we could not be bound by a
convention whose foundation and legiti
mate objects had been swept away by the
course of events It would have been
better If In recent years the Senate and
House of Representatives had been gov
erned by like patriotic sentiment and a
like courage
Nevertheless and although later we had
the mortification of seeing Napoleon III
take advantage of our civil war to effect
a lodgment on our continent with the un
concealed intention of establishing In
America a new State under French au
spices if not control to bo composed of
the seceded Southern States and the
State of Mexico It Is due to the French
people to say that they have ever been
our friends are so now and for an thing
wc can see will be to tho end of time
In IS01 we were at peace with our
mother country True she still main
tained fortified posts wi hin the territory
acknowledged to be ours by tho Peace of
Paris and she still refused to recognize
us as a full fledged nation entitled to di
vide with her the mare clausum which
Britih pretension had attempted to es
tablish over the jhigh1 seas When an
American vessel sailed from New York
New Haven or Boston it was liable to
search by British cruisers for members
of the crew who nlgljt bo British sub
jects And It Is historically Interesting to
note that on all such occasions every
able bodied man was -considered British
and was pressed into the royal navy We
had a natural love for England largely
growing out of the war of independence
and Its antecedents and this and other
benefits which wo received at the hands
of our Indulgent parent served so to
strengthen It that wowent to war with
the old lady for a -second tirao In 1812
It is here needless to review the events
of that IrTderlslvcstrusgfe The land oper
ations were unftaporfantsave in the caso
of the Battle of New Orleans which oc
curred after the Peace Treaty of Ghent
had been signed Our trans Atlantic rela
tives also accomplished some things which
were not always to their advantage They
Induced Francis Scott Key to write that
Promortal 0je tne -star Spangled Ban
ner at the attack on Baltimore which
was not a victory for them On the other
hand they defeated nearly two companies
of District militia at Bladensburg and
General Ross who commanded the red
coats was created Lord Ross of Bladens
burg In recognition of th success which
reminds us of the honors which have been
showered upon British commanders ever
since for similar achievemepts They also
had tho humanity and good taste to burn
our Capitol and our Executive Mansion
We shall not dwell upon that The Insult
and barbarity of that act were fittingly
and fully wiped out In tho death of
ham nnd his gallant comrades at the
hands of Andrew Jacksons riflemen on
the banks of the Mississippi
In the Treaty of Ghent we failed to
gain any advantage For long jears tho
right of search was still maintained by
Great Britain and was only abandoned
after long years or until the grow
ing power of the United States made it
dangerous to exercise It That statement
almost epitomizes the history of British
diplomacy for centuries It has been ever
that of the bully graduating Into that cf
a tolerant friend and later Into that of
a weeping philanthropist accordingly as
power force and blows have promoted its
After Louisiana Florida fell to our bow
and spear and then Mexico nnd Cali
fornia In all the years from Jefferson to
Abraham Lincoln our commerce grew
and in tbe later part of that epoch we
more than divided the carrying trade of
the world with our old enemj and rival
We were able to hold our own with Eng
land in trade but not so in diplomac
In this respect wc can only look back with
Bhame and humiliation upon the conduct
of our relations with that Power We
must also admit thatto a large extent
the fault has rested with us The Treaty
of Ghent was an unnecessary concession
to British linpudenee Tho
Treaty In 18d6 just as we had
emerged from the piexjcan war was an
evidence of official Amcrlcal subservience
to British dictation 3nd a most shock
ing Instance of American treacher and
corruption The lgi Treaty of recip
rocity with Canada was floated through
on champagne as its British negotiator
happily said and remained for ears to
annoy and damagcjis
In tho nrbltiatlfin of Geneva under
which Groat Brltafn wept on our necks
and forgave us fof1 destroying our com
merce with practlcailylirltlsh cruisers in
our war of secession we received about
fifteen million dollars nominal damages
and were let In to pay the other party
many other millions on fisheries and
other accounts No the diplomatic
history of the country for the cen
tury as far as It relates to England is
net a pleasant topic to review and the
present conditions of our relations with
that Government aro not less a subject
for self gratulatlon Almost at the end
of the hundred car period which we arc
considering we have seen tho Infamous
Cliyton Uulwer treaty revived as to Its
most obnoxious features and engagements
and alniost the other day wc saw what
never before happmed in the history of
tho country the American Hag hauled
down without -fight or protest and two
thousand squaro miles of American terri
tory in Alaska surrendered to Great Brit
These regrettable and ominous happen
ings when taken into consideration with
the determination of our present ruling
element to place the proposed American
Inter oceanic canal under British control
while they do not make us despair of the
Republic do make us feel on the first
day of the twentieth century that a re
lval of American patriotism Is neccssarj
to save the liberty and Institutions for
which our fathers fought In the eighteenth
In 1S01 we had a Constitution so sacred
that the idea of violating Its provisions
its mandates or its prohibitions was sup
posed impossible to any American In the
last years preceding the epoch beginning
with 1901 we have witnessed the defiance
of that Constitution by a combination In
the popular branch of Congress We have
seen tho fundamental law of our land
spurned and spat upon by tho Executive
and the Legislature in tho erection of a
vassal state In Forto Rico Wo have seen
executive war made without reference to
tho constitutional war making power and
we have seen grinding private monopoly
erected upon a pedestal above all the
rights of American citizens to free com
petition in trade and to opportunity In
tho strugglp of life
Yet wc do not despair of the Republic
There are yet left the seeds of the old
Yankee spirit which has made for and
won liberty in the past The material
advance of our country from Its Infant
state In 1801 to its position as a world
power in 1901 is the accomplishment of
the American masses They have not or
a majority of them have not reaped the
reward which for several decades has
been Increasingly absorbed by the few
but the new century In Its course my
mark a radical divergence from the cur
rent rule The people of the next genera
tion may and wo hope will regain some
thing of the industrial the individual
Independence which was theirs In the
cimple and halcyon days between the
opening year of the century and the end
of Its sixth decade
Feelers aro being thrown out through
Administration organs which go to indi
cate a serious intention to withdraw our
legation guard at Pekln If the country will
stand it The Chincso Legation which
has demonstrated the possession of great
Influence at the State Department during
the troubles in China is pressing for
American withdrawal and Russia would
be pleased to have such a precedent es
tablished The Administration excuse will
be that the ew hundred troops under
Chaffee In Pckin are needed In the Phil
ippines but we can hardly credit that
The Taft Commlsslou assured us long ago
that within sixty days after Mr McKln
les re election there would not be v
rebel In arms against this Government In
the whole archipelago
The Infant industry of kidnaping b
been introduced In the expiring d - if
the nineteenth century to become ac is
sue perhaps in the twentieth Unless it
shajl bo treated as a trust and an octopus
at tbe start it seems likely to thrive and
if wo aro not careful It will have a lobby
at the next Congress demanding the pro
tection to which It Is quite as much en
titled as some which are engaged fn starv
ing the helpless and hopeless people of
Porto Rico to death on this the first day
of the ycarand of the century
Lord Kitchener need not feel so lone
some after all Alcjandnno has broken
through tho cordon that Fred Grant drew
around him at Mount Aryat In Luzon and
Is again just as ready to be pursued as
Do Wet is In South Africa It is hard luck
tint both England and we are having with
our boys
No doubt It Is true that the failures on
the London Stock Exchange affecting as
they do only Australian and other colonial
Interests do not necessarily trouble Wall
Street At the same time It Is worth eon-
sldering that any serious liquidation in
England such as may happen in conse
quence is quite likely to lead to a general
dumping of our securities That presuma
bly would not conduce to high prices on
this side There is a great deal of Mc
Klnley prosperity In America but it Is
questionable If It is great enough to stand
a possible strain
Alas wc shall hear nothing more of the
fin de slccle Its tail fin wagged its
last wag last midnight
Our 1rnniiNe to Culm
From the Philadelphia Times
In view of the thinl concealed purpose of the
prefent do nothing polic of the dnunistration
toward Cuba the Democrat in Congress should
promptly and emphaticall array themselves pub
licl in favor of keeping our promises to Ccba
Tins wj owe to the Cubans wlio have trusted ih
and to the rest of the world as an evidence that
wc are not a naUon of scoundrels and covenant
breakers The sooner Congress is compelled to de
clare its position on this subject the sooner will
we clear ourselves of the imputation of having
interfered betvvetn pain and the rebellious Cu
bans from motives of conquest and not of hu
The Cnnrert of High Tax Dev otees
From the Philadelphia Record
Because the people of the United States have
almost unlim ted natural recourceii and because
thev can produce twice as much as they can
consume and must therefore find a market be
ond their own thores the conceited protec
tionists point to our swelling exports as a xroof
that the free trade theory is demolished The
verv reverse is true The borne market theory is
demolished and free trade vindicated in spite of
self created barriers Becaus of our natural ad
vartagea we are our war in foreifm
markets and enly dentin to our own consumers
tbir due siurc of the benents cf competitive
Hmiiiii nnd the St uitte
rnmi the Huston Transcript
It must not le forgotttn tliat the senate is a
very sensitive bnd Its cineertion of dipnity
irav not le ver huflibut it is very re il
Tbe expects that those who ak favors
of it shall aprrooxh itas suitors not as
having a right to dtmand that a thing- shall be
done Of a Senator it atkx tiiat at Icat be
shall cover with the dolorous vil Of formality
it suth cases made anil provided the real po
litical motive that inspires his argument emtor
Ilanna a frank straightforward man who knows
what lie wants and asks for it is not a great
respecter of senatorial dignit which lie ap
parintlv Hunts u not buinc lie ii not
sensitive himself and lie does not think much of
tliofe who are Tact i not his forte and con
scquintly he invokes resistanie b the verv means
that he thinks will secure compliance
I 111- Illillppillf Sltlllltloll
1 rum the Indianapolis News
We have torn in the Philippines now for
more than to jcars at a great cost of life and
treasure and we ire still far from the goal of
racifieation Mirii is the testimon of cretary
Koot lie declares that the moment we remove
the alisolute power of tbe military that moment
tbtre will be a recoil that would loc what we
have won We icrtainly cannot expect to go on
garrisoning th hilfppincs with an army the
size of tbe one that now occupies them Wc
do not believe the American people will agree
to that Tlitre is manhestl but cne of two
things to do either to incria w the force and
resume the offensive in a drastic way or to
submit ttrins for a larger measure of autonomy
than wc liave heretofore ccntcmplatcd
Dedication of tUr Partly Completed
row the new Rhode Island State Capitol
familiarly known as the marble palace
will be formally dedicated receiving for
the first time the Governor and other offi
cials of the State Government and both
branches of the Legislature There will
be no formal dedication at this time be
cause the big structure is not yet com
pleted and has not been turned over by
the architects McKlm Mead White of
New York to the State The formal ex
ercises will take placo perhaps a jear
from now when tho terrace is finished
and the seventeen acres of ground have
been graded and beautified
Ground was broken for the Capitol Sep
tember 16 1ES3 and the cornerstone was
laid October 15 1S9G Up to date cbout
23CO000 has been expended on the build
ing and grounds and the voters author
ized on the 6th of last month the expen
diture of 7l0CG0 more to complete ths
undertaking Tho Capitol Is 333 feet
long and ISO feet deep at the centre with
two long wings and a well proportioned
dome towering with tho statue of The
Indcpcndant Man upon it 133 feet from
the ground and 3i3 feet above high water
mark This dome like the rest of the
building is of solid blocks of marble and
is said to be the only one so constructed
outside of India It has been said by crit
ics that there is no State capltol in the
United States of such fine architectural
The exercises tomorrow will be of gen
eral Interest In several ways The meet
ing of the Legislature In the new building
marks the abandonment of Newport as a
capital of the State so that hereafter there
will not be two capitals in Rhode Island
except as seme one has facetiously said
When you write It There was a time
when the Legislature met in all five of
the counties and even now the electoral
vote is cast every four years In accord
ance with law at Bristol Tho constitu
tional amendment adopted November 6
provides for an annual Instead of a semi
annual session of the Legislature and lim
its this to sixty days beginning in Janu
ary at Providence Heretofore there has
been a January session in this city and a
Ma session together with the lection
parade and Inauguration at the city by the
Tomorrow Covernor Gregory will be es
corted to the Capltol at 11 a m by the
Tlrst Light Infantry TheTe will be simple
exercises In the chamber of the House of
Representatives Including an address by
Chief Justice John H Stiness of the Su
preme Court Bishcp McVickar will Invoke
tha divine blessing in tho Senate and
President Faunce of Brown In the House
The justices cf the Supreme Court will be
prtrsent arrayed for the first time in
gowns nnd all thev ex Governors of tho
State from the War Governor William
Sprague to Ellsha Dyer tho last execu
tive have been Invited to attend
TranNBCtloim Not So Larjc
Last Year as In IStlU
CHICACO 111 Dec 31 The year 1900
was not as favorable for business inter
ests here as that of 1899 Considering the
fact however that it was a Presidential
ear It has been a remarkable one There
has been general prosperity throughout the
agricultural regions and the farmers bavo
been more Independent than ever and held
thlr grain back selling mostly on the ad
vances The purchasing power of the con
suming classes has been the best In years
and merchants and manufacturers have
been busy although the aggregate volume
of trade here dees not show as large a
gain as in 1839 The Increase In Jobbing
rales Is 3 per cent and the trade Is esti
mated at 1200000000 Manufacturing in
terests in the Chicago district aggregated
Bank clearings for the year are the larg
est on record 6i9953393 compared with
JCt612 31tC00 in IS 3 Business on the Chi
cago Stock Exchange is smaller notwith
standing the activity in New York
The tendency of the grain trade has
been toward a merchandizing of grain by
the elevator Interests but the business
here has made small gains Receipts of
flour and grain were 349637000 bushels
an increase of9 per cent Receipts of
grain alone were 307726000 bushels the
largest In years an Increase of i 6 per
cent The shipments of flour and grain
were 2654J2CCO bushels an increase of
77 per cent Shipments of grain were
232263000 bushels an Increase of 4 6 per
Prospects for 1901 are bright for all
kinds of business Manufacturers are
well filled for orders for several months
Jobbers have as many orders on their
books as a year ago Prices have had a
good decline Collections are good and
failures few
UrlKUt Promise at Jinny Points for
tlie eiv Year
BOSTON Dec 31 Boston looks forward
to an active year during 1901 and with
reason The statistics of clearing house
exchanges not only in Boston but
throughout New England show s very
healthful volume of business In so far
as stock speculation Influences bank clear
ings this Indication of solid improvement
might be less valuable were it not fcr the
strong undertone shown -In the manufac
turing centres Tall River Lowell New
Bedford Lawrence Lynn and Brockton
send uniformly favorable reports of ex
pected great volume of profitable trade
-In Boston tbo speculation in stocks has
been somewhat narrow up to the present
The market has never yet recovered fully
from the upheaval caused by the Globe
Bank collapse of a year ago and It has
been hard to start anything like a boom
in copper share3 which are about the enly
specialties left for this city to get up a
speculative excitement In But the finan
cial situation Is clear there are now no
mutterings of trouble no signs of over
speculation no Insufficiently marglntd ac
counts and the brokers as a rule are not
encouraging wholesale speculation Se
curity trading Is in a stronger position in
Boston than In many years that much Is
certain There is a heavy absorption here
of choice Investment securities and steady
appreciation in bonds formerly regarded
as of second or third rate also in many
So far as can be seen the outlook for
general trade In 1901 is most encouraging
There has been no over production in
staple goods and the demand Is healthful
with every sign of staying Business men
talk favorably of conditions and outlook
and feel that the comparative Immunity
from a vild speculative craze is a decided
element of strength assuring permanence
to present wholesome conditions
From the Ihiladeli Ida f edjer
Tlie matter in tisue is important but simple
chall tiie discipline and conduct of the cadem
be left in the liandrf of tiie authorities where it
belongs or shall the caiUts be permitted to
take virtual control into their own hands dis
oliev orders erect a false code of honor and a
ptrnicious vstem of discipline and impair tlie
tfhciencv cf the cademj Colonel Mills seem
to lclicve that in order to stop hazing human
nature will have to be changed Tlie problem is
probably not so dilncult Vt nnapolis the
practice was stopped by dismlsing several cadets
and it the same remedy shall be applied with ihe
nroner mllltarv iromotitude at Wct Point when
ever an outlreak of insubordination occurs tlie
evil will soon show a very noticeable diminution
ForKlnf Into CoitiliisT Years
From the ct Louis Globe Democrat
Fnclards South frican war is one verv im
portant piece of work winch tie nineteenth cen
tur will puh off en the twentieth A few
months aeo the indications immteil to the end
of the vonflict Ions btfore the holidays but not
manv prorlirts are now rasli eniugli to preuict
that it will le ended before the close of 1901
IViiiif lvniilu In tlie Senntc
1 rom the Louisville Courier Journal
Tie Philadelphia newsnanrs arc having a crea
deal to say about Pennsylvanias vacint seat ip
the senate Hut whv It lias been a long
time since Pcnnsvlvania was as vvell represented
in the as she is by that vacant scat
The Year 10OO Leaves France la m
Stroncr Financial Fosttion
PARIS Dec 31 Here In France the
old year Is closing and the new year opfn
Ing with a reasonably strong financial po
sition The most striking feature of all
Is tho continued plethora of money at the
Bank of France where 39000000 franca
In gold have been received in the past
seven weeks and where the years total
additions to the Institutions stock ef geld
have been no less than 467000000 Thta
extraordinary Increase and the general
soundness of our markets are a result
not altogether of the Exposition but also
of a cause which Is likely to endure
namely tbe aversion recently displayed
by French capital for outside Industrial
Investments especially Russian and ror
the mechanical traction enterprises to
popular before but which have not ful
filled expectations of Immediate returns
The South African war has lowered the
rate for London exchange 24 centimes in
a single year something not witnessed
since tho Baring crisis France Is not
likely to withdraw Its large credits from
London which Is reassuring for that mar
ket Mentime caution Is noticeable in all
French operations Tho great credit so
cieties entrusted with the chief part of
French savings favor only the ultra-secure
Investments mainly in bonds with a
fixed rate of Interest
The chief worry of Paris Is the indiffer
ent prospect of Spanish exterior bonda
over which tho many French hoders are
greatly exercised particularly since the
threats In the Cortes not only to Impose a
20 per cent tax but also to pay coupons
In pesetas instead of gold Yet receipts
of the Spanish treasury for the year 1900
show advance over the year preceding
which had extraordinary resources In the
twenty five millions paid by Germany for
the Carolfrres
A strong Increase In the customs re
ceipts of Portugal gives new hope to hold
ers of that nations debt The pledged to
bacco monopoly la to hold good In spite
of disquieting rumors for six more years
Italian finances are just now In a period
of expectation but It is felt here that the
industrial progress so noticeable In the
Italian department of the exposition must
continue and show tangible results barr
ing political accidents-
Germany of all the Continental nations
promises to draw most anxious attention
during the coming year both financially
and industrially Its lack of coal and the
keen American competition have undoubt
edly stopped progress In Us Iron and steel
industries Moreover the losses sus
tained by Germany as a result of the
Dlngley tariff In America though more
than compensated for by the new trade
with Russia and China make the present
situation really dangerous for the Ger
mans Unless the Chinese trouble is soon
allayed Germany will be even less able to
meet the d cadcd competition of the
United States The late uncertain condi
tion of the two great Berlin banks almost
producing panic will leave bad effects
for many months There Is reason to
hope however that the agrarian tariff
proposals which would have led to eco
nomic war with the United States are
definitely shelved
Forecasts of 3IcitHurc to Go llefore
the IeKlifntnre
NEW HAVEN Dec 31 No opposition
has arisen to the candidacy or John H
Light of Norwalk for Speaker of the
House In the coming Legislature which
meets next Wednesday and ho has al
ready begun to consider the membership of
the Cvuimittees The Committee on Rail
roads will be even more Important than
usual at the coming session on account of
the many conflicts between the New Haven
steam railroad company and the promot
ers of trolley parallels The prospect has
considerably brightened for the steam
company since it has been found that there
are rival and conflicting trolley applicants
for several of the most valuable exten
sions Only by controlling the Senate does
It sem possible that the New Haven Com
pany can defeat the application to extend
the Tarlffville branch over the gap of 313
feet at Granby Notch
In insurance matters bills are expected
aiming to harmonize the rights of brokers
nnd agents to repeal the 80 per cent co
insurance law and to readjust taxation of
the companies In temperance a limited
license bill Is looked for as well as one
more closely regulating drug store sales
of liquors In temperance clrcle3 another
attempt to amend the pool law is predict
ed Several measures for town and city
consolidation are certain At least one
independent telephone company will appiy
for a special charter and a hopeless at
tempt may be made to repeal the general
telephone act In sporting measures bills
to regulate or prohibit Sunday golf and
to change the open season for woodcock
partridge and quail to the two months
between October 15 and December 15 are
almost certain to be introduced Among
other general measures will bo bills for
prison and street railway commissions
and for the preservation and care of pub
lic records A committee of the Constitu
tional Reform Association is preparing
the bills of that body Including the one
for a constitutional convention
The terms of Judges Baldwin and
Hamersley of the Supreme Court and
Judges G W Wheeler Ralph Wheeler
and Shumvvay of the Superior Court ex
pire The only one whose nomination Is
In doubt Is Judge G W Wheeler a strong
equity judge with an excellent record but
said to be opposed by certain corporations
The political scandals attending the prac
tical appointment by legislative caucuses
of the many inferior Judges of the State
Is pretty sure to be called to the atten
tion of the General Assembly by a meas
ure changing the method of appointment
IiitermUnir Will Case In the Feilernl
Court of ebruskn
OMAHA Neb Dec 31 The laws of
Nebraska are In open conflict in one par
ticular at least with the treaty between
the United States and the Republic cf
France In the Federal Court here the
American heirs to property are contend
ing against the claims of Frenchmen who
profess to be lawful legatees to some Ne
braska property
Several ears ago a Frenchman came to
the State of Nebraska and settled in Ne
maha County Farming prospered with
l him and when he died he left real estate
and personal property o the value of
about 40000 Several years before bis
death Louise Bize a widowed sister with
her son came to his home and acted in
the captclty of housekeeper At the time
of her brothers death she entered into
possession of the property and was ap
pointed administratrix no heirs being
known except herself and son
Shortly after this letters were received
from Lois Babuaud another sister who
upon learning of her brothers death filed
a claim to a portion of the estate Tho
case was filed in the United States Circuit
Court nnd was defended by the American
sister who claimed to be sole heir under
the Nebraska statute which cuts off from
inheritance natural heirs who are aliens
The treaty between the United States and
France provides that residents of ono
country shall be considered upon the same
plane as rttlzenr of the other In all mat
ters itl v to inheritance and property
right- Ihe plaintiffs rely upon this
treaty while the atorneys for the defence
contend that the treaty Is necessarily
modified by the laws of tho several States
as the matter of the descent of property
is one of the functions of government re
served to the States by the fundamental
law of tho land
So far as known this action Is new to the
practice of the courts of the State and
all precedent so far found goes back to
the records of the State of Louisiana
where In an early day many cases In
volving tho rights of Trench citizens un
der treaty provisions were considered and

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