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The times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, January 02, 1901, Image 4

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WEDNESDAY JANUARY 2 1301
TuWIcatJon Office
tTXE33 nUTCHIKS J3TJIXJDI27C
ltXMJYLVAMA AVEMIE
Enbscrlptfon by Mall One Year
MOnSINO ICvEMNO AND SODA T 80 00
Monxiira and Scndat
EVSMNQ AXD Sunday 4 on
USDAT0MT 01
Monthly by Carrier l
MORSINO ETES1NQ AID SCNDAT Flf MTltl
MotrviMi asb Soxdvt TMHij JIvc cents
LVEMS3 ANDSUNDAT I7lM3l lift
Trn t Fdltorlal Rooms -so
Business Office 1
Aumoen clrcuUlioa Department iJ
THE TIMES COMPANY
TALTEIl OTLSON llUTCUlXa President
Circulation Statement
The circulation of The Times for the week end
ed December 29 1500 was as follows
Sunday December S3 19 SI
Monday December SI WS
Tuesday Decemlier 23 S3
Ucdne day December 26 39251
Thursday 27 SJWi
rndav December 2S 3911S
Ssturdav Deccmler S3 33J1C
TcUl 2131SI
Daily average Sunday 19153 excrpted 33331
Tlie Prospcrlt of tlie Few
Today the first business day of the
twentieth century will be marked by the
payment of Interest and dividends bv the
great financial and industrial corporations
of the country and a sum aggregating
one Hundred and seventy five million dol
lars will be disbursed The sum total is
the largest ever paid out on one day In any
country or In any time It exceeds by
ten million dollars the hitherto unprece
dented figures of 1S00 and Is the most
striking evidence of Americas wealth
produclng rower that has ever been
brought forward
But the important fact decs not appear
on the surface That fact Is that while
eighty sis million dollars is divided be
tween six million savings bank depositcrs
eight -cine million dollars goes to about
four thousand individuals In other words
the frugality self denial and thrift of
six millions of toilers will be rewarded
by less than is given to a few thousand
who hold blocks of stock in protected
monopolies and subsidized corporations
The average share of the savings bank
depositors Is about fourteen dollars and
fifty cents apiece The dividends received
by this oligarchy of four thousand vlll
range from five thousand dollars to
Rockefellers enormous rake off which
must be computed in millions
What more stunning proof of the cen
tralization of wealth could be adduced
The contrast Is sharp but It is a fair
one The line Is drawn not between the
indigent Incompetent poor and the plu
tocrats but between the sober Indus
trious frugal wealth producers and thece
who gather the fruits of their toil The
starving anaemic tenement dweller the
tramp the spendthrift the man who will
rot work and the man who will not save
all these are eliminated and yet the
many by carefull hoarding their earn
ings are not able to balance the unearned
Increment of the few
The figures given above are not garbled
campaign compilations prepared with a
to engendering class prejudice or
he pooragalnot the rich They
gathered estimates of
corporations
for the purpose
o she of
ri lot - they
i il utfn t -it that the
Reptibii iah a ere v t r pros
perity Tbv shov i a wealth-
producing capo i v r equaled by
any nation on the 1- arth But
still they fall short 01 dishing the
fact which they were intenucd to prove
Ycalth and prosperity are synonymous
only wealth Is distributed equably
Of all the problems which the twen
tieth century will have to face this one
of the centralization of wealth is the most
serious It Is a question to be approach
ed by all with thoughtful consideration
Some observers profess to regard it with
complacency and say that it will right
Itself that trust will fight trust monop
oly fight monopoly and that legitimate
competition will bo restored There is
little to warrant this optimism Eo long
as there Is a party in power that persists
In enacting class legislation making
trusts possible and giving subsidies to
corporations already rich the trend to
ward the centralization of wealth will
continue unchecked
Amvrlcaulttms
Mr Erander Matthews In the current
number cf the Cosmopolitan discourses
In an Interesting and scholarly manner on
tho subject of Americanisms He claims
that many words branded by English
critics ns American dialect are simply old
English fams which hate been preserved
on tbi3 side cf the water or new words
which have been added to tho language to
express Ideas not familiar to English
minds Of the latter class are adobe
taken from the Sranish broncho
dime typewriter and moccasin
Among the former Mr Matthews cites
realize reckon and guess
This line of reasoning has its defects
One may be Inclined to ask after reading
Mr Matthews article What Is dialect
anyway In tho general acceptation of
the term it Is a patois common to the peo
ple of a certain country state district or
neighborhood but not recognized as pure
English Such a patois may in fact Le
rlmply old English Edward Egglcston has
fcind that many cf the most approved
forms of New England speech are relics
of the dialect of a colony of English peo
ple who settled in Ireland during the
twciitn cejtiiry Kiver for cover
coccn lor caugui ana several other
words he find were obtained directly
from these English peasants and were
good English In the tnclftb century Take
a Ieeb extreme instance of the persistence
of armalr forms less than a hundred yetrs
ago obleege was correct English ac
cording to court ufuage and so was cow
cumber and less than hilf a century ago
it was the genteel thine to refer to a
woman as a fmal The fashionable
terms of one age become the dialect of the
est Who Is to determine socardlsg to
Mr Matthews rule what Is or Is not dia
lect
Exception may be taken to another
pclnt In Mr Matthews article He sta e3
that the New England dialect of the
BircIov Papers Is as strange to the
man of the American people a3 was the
broad Scotch of Burns time to tho Eng
lishman This Is hardly true The New
England dialect has so largely flavored
the speech of the West that Riltya Hco
cicr patois appeals to a New Englander
like his own home speech Only between
the language of New England and that of
tlie South Is there a wide difference so
tar as tho words used are concerned Tho
variations perceptible boiwicn the com
mon speech East and W3t are largely
those of accent No pne hearing a
mont countryman Fpcak will evr inls
tal c him for an Inhabitant of southern
Indiana but when the dialect of the two
men comes to be written down there is
not so very much difference The va
riance is in the subtle but unquestionable
changes of accent and tone of voice The
country folk of Mar E Wllkins and Eaa
Orne Jewctt the farmers of Harold Fred
eric the Hoosiers cf Egslcston and Riley
and the homestead population of Hamllu
Garland all speak in much the same way
and their speech has a fairly good right
to be called American Ferhaps the
American dialect If there Is such a thing
is most In evidence in the Middle West
which was settled by a mixture of Immi
grants from both North and South and
has borrowed the drawl of the Southerner
together with the clipped speech and
quaint words of the Yankee
The iNtlimlrtn Cnnnl Question
With the reassembling of Congiess it Is
evident that the eansl question will be
come a burning issue The Panama lobby
has not been idle during the Christmas
holidas It has fully realized the advan
tage of having great financial resources to
draw upon In opposing a rival project the
chances of which depend entirely upon
patriotlo sentiment and the obvious su
periority of the Nicaragua route especially
as it would be under merican ownership
and control to the old de Lesscps ditch
in which four hundred million dollars has
already been Eunk
The President of the Panama Canal
Company VL Hutin Is back In Wash
ington His presence here is no doubt oc
casioned bj his proper desire to save the
interest of the French shareholders in the
corporation from destruction But It may
be suspected that ho is also acting as a
screen for the London and New York com
blnaton which is jockejing with the Pan
ama propesition in order to effe t a
great stock jobbing deal Mr Hutin
affects Indifference as to whether the Uni
ted States lifts the de Lesseps load from
the shoulders of that promoters victims
or not He claims to be satisfied that in
case America undertakes the construc
tion of an American Nicaragua Canal tho
Governments of England Germany and
Trance will prompt step into the breach
or rather the ditch and guarantee the
money necessary to complete the Panama
w aterw ay
It is barely possiblo that M Hutin is
right In this belief but we do not see
any reason In it to forego the demand of
tho country for an exclusive Americar
canal When the Governments al
luded to come to examine into the prac
tical features of the Panama problem wc
do not fancy that Its solution will strike
them as a profitable undertaking Grant
that tho de I esseps ditch could be finished
for one hurdred million dollars That sum
added to what already has been squandered
v ould saddle the canal with a fixed charge
of five hundred millions which If suscep
tible of capitalization at all would hardly
be so at less than five per cent allowing
for a liberal sinking fund which investors
would be certain to Insist upon In the pre
carious circumstances But for the sake
of argument let it be supposed that the
enterprise when ready for business could
be financed at four per cent As between
the Nicaragua Canal the fixed charges of
which could ba carried by the United States
Government at two per cent there would
be a difference in the amount of revenue
annually devoted to interest which would
handicap the Trench concern seriously and
very likely fatally We want the Ameri
can Nicaragua Canal and wo shall have It
barring treachery and corruption If other
powers or peoples want the other project
and are willing to take the risk of its
cdlapEe on the occurrence of the first trop
ical storm in Its vicinity there does not
appear to be any Just reason why they
should hot have It and be blest to them
A Defence of Ilnzliifr
A most remarkable defence of the West
Point hazing system has appeared In the
Boston Transcript It Is from the pen
of John Prc3ton True who has written
two or three successful Juvenile books
tind It Is followed by letters from one or
two other correspondents who contend
that hazing is a good thing because it
takes tho rawness out of a now cadet
Mr Txue says
is
Officially baring is all v rong Officially It
woiauon oi me ngnes oi man Officially
it is fron ned upon and with all possible rigor
kept duivn Practically looked at in cold
common sense a moderate amount of it is a
desirable tiling for it is the working of a vinle
instinct of sef preservation 2o man at West
lcint lhes who tan safely say It is impossible
that my life and honor can ever lie dependent oa
the action of my classmate Mr X On tlie con
trary both at some time may be entirely de
pendent It is the right of A and B to know
that X when the time of stress arrives is i
man who can be trusted in such vital nutters
And on Una hard foundation their kazinz prac
tice rests
In other words whlio the officers of the
Academy are supposed in their official ca
pacity to frown upon hazing and do all
that they can to prevent It In reality they
are to wink at a moderate number of vio
lations of the rule The cadets are to
refuse to tell the truth in any investiga
tion of the proceedings when the truth
will incriminate a hazer The code of
honor dei eloped by this method of educa
tion may be a ery superior article but
to the mere layman without military tra
ditions it looks shady
Again Mr True remarks
ct one man Graduates at ucst Point of
whom it would be safe to predict That fello
nrter will be in a high command On tlie con
trary to every man there is the possibility that
on his sole Mrcngth at omc time in the days
to omc will rest the safety of a thousand of our
countrymen and the liom of our country What
Rort of a man do we want him then to be
w e want him one wlio has the prim strength
of soul and iron will vliich wjl carry him
through all olds all danzert win ittorr from
the ffTJSp of death itsell regardless whether for
htm it ends in life or deith I such a man
like to be one wlio quails at the schoolboy hat
inff of his m ttes or one fho lias the celt ani
vim to set his teeth and rht his wa upward
through ill
The question under consideration is not
whether the cadets are to endure
hazing but whether they should bo re
quired to enduro it Unquestionably in
the days of the Spanish Inquisition there
was a vcr7 high sense of honor among
those who even under he torture of the
rack refused to betray their fellows but
thcro was also an Immense amount of
lying done under fear of that torture It
is to bo doubted wbotber the general
standard of hot or was any higher In those
days than It is now at any rate nobody
contends that there ought to be a renewal
cf such practices
There Is no schoolboy test which can
make It absolutely certain tfiat the man
who passes It successfully will prove true
at an important crisis Hundreds of bos
who have passed unmoved through the
most brutal ordeals of hazing have not
In later life been strong enough to re
sist temptation If the tests provided
were such as would prote not tho mere
Lcdlly endurance of tho victim but his
ready wit standard of honor and loyalty
It would be different But tho chinces
nro that the average cadet refrains from
appealing to the authorities not altogeth
er because bis senso of honor forbids It
but also because he knows that If he
dares do such a thing the last slate of
him will be worse than tho first
THE TIJIFS WASHINGTON WEDNESDAY JANUARY 2 1901
over there is no particularly valuable
discipline In being obliged to eat a large
bowl of pork and molasses A man is not
a better Indian fighter for having under
gone that and similar ordeals If anybody
contends that he Is it would be interest
ing to hear the reasons
One of the most satisfactory cvldcn es
possible that the rich men of the coun
try arc thoroughly bent upon crushing cut
our most recent infant industry Is seen
in the alacrity with which they are swell
ing the Cudahy reward fund In Omaha
At the present rate It will amount to one
hjndred thousand dollars In a day or two
And then how detective and rcportorlal
mouths will water All thoughts of holi
da turkey will be forgotten in the mad
desire for Crowe
If it be really true that the President
extended a hearty handshake to each one
of the citizens in the pump line yester
day that hearty hand ought to resemble
a boiled Westphalia ham more than any
thing else this morning It Is a ridicu
lous custom and a cruel one to the chief
victim and it ought to be abollshd
George Washington was in the hsblt cf
evading such inflictions by holding his
hat in one hand and resting the other on
his sword hilt In this way neither was
available for the pumping process which
assured would have brought water from
the great mins eyes and words of blank
ness from hl3 lips
At noon yesterday the redoubtable Roose
velt ceased to be Goernor of New York
He Is now a private person and out en
parole preparing for the silent shelf upon
which he is to be offered up on the Fourth
of March He will spend the time of his
short respite In shooting mountain lions
if ho can find any and in according inter
views to reporters whom he can always
find
If there is substantial truth In the story
that a whole bed of diamonds has teen
found in the volcanic hills of Otero
County New Mexico it may be possible
that somebody In this country Is destined
to blossom into a Cecil Rhodes and try to
steal the Territory
FOR MUNICIPAL WELFARE
Ihe Citizen of St IoiiIn Form n Icr
ninnent Orjrmilzntlon
ST LOUIS Mo Jan 1 The Non-Partisan
Public Welfare Commission which
aims to secure for St Louis in the next
two years the general renovation and Im
provement which the Worlds Fair of 1D03
renders imperative has effected a perma
nent organization by choosing 0 L
Whitclaw as president and H L Christie
a3 secretary with an executive committee
representing all the citys chic and corn
mere 1 associations The movement of
which this commission is tne outcome was
started by the St Louis Daily Newspa
pers Association about three weeks ago
and was necessitated by a partial suspen
sion of street cleaning sewer extension
and other urgent public works through
the virtual exhaustion of the citys reve
nues
This condition of things is chiefly trad
able to Missouris State Constabulary law
the partisan police act of 18S3 which ap
plies to St Louis alone By the opera
tion of this act the police force has been
Increased and the cost of the police de
partment swelled from 953000 in the
fiscal year ISM before the new law went
Into effect to 1830000 this year The
latter figure is a third of the annual reve
nue of St Louis As the limit of taxa
tion under the present charter of the city
and constitution of the State has practi
cally been reached the purpose of the
Public Welfare Commission is to secure
such changes of the cnartcr as will glvo
Immediate relief and to get a constttu
tional convention to frame a new organic
law for the State The existing one was
adopted in 1S5 A new constitution enn
be gained quicker than the present cno
can be amended and In view of the pro
posed opening of the Worlds Fair a vear
and a third hence the greatest possible
speed Is Imperative
A Chance to Aehlrve Fume
From the Chicago Chronicle
It will be interesting to see whether r Hanna
who is iinpatunt of the restrictions imposed
ly the rules of the Senate will have the temerity
when Congress reassembles to propo cloture
with tire demolition of senatorial courtes
winch it will inTohc It will be more interest
ing to see whether he can carry his point if
he does propose it If he can break down the
traditions of the Senate traditions which are
mostly obstructive and annoying he will in
deed be a bicger man than most people take
htm to lie It mar tie added that If he suc
ceeils It his effort he will do a public service
whuh will offset a good man of his political
ens
The Munniin Policy
From the Chicago Tribune
They cannot flht but they can beat Fjro
peans or mcricans in the art of procrastina
tion From this time forth tiiey will be on fa
miliar cound The Chinese poliev is to pretend
to favor a reform but never to fftt around to it
The Jlanclm chnaity has never granted a single
concession of any kind to foreigners except under
stress of mllitar force So lomr as this is ab
sent the Chinaman is more than a match for
I uropeans by v irtue of liU smooth diplomatic
methods of dtlar
MIIcm anil Altrer
From the Philadelphia North Vmerlcan
General Miles lias an untarnished military record
covering nearly forty vcars He never was ac
cused of leaving his post without permission oi
tie eve of battle his superior officers never rec
ommended that le be dumlsfced for cowardice he
never pretended ti be hurt to avoid danger on
the field and he never lias been charged with
using his official power to enable his friends
and family to make mone at the expense of the
1 ealtb and lives of Vmerlcan soldiers
niooin In firiiit llrttnln
Irom the Baltimore cun
In their reviews of tlie part year and tart
centur tlie Enpliih editors find nothing to praise
while their anticipations for tlie twentieth cen
tur are blue as indigo J verylliinjr is gomr
wron Tlie South Vfrican war is a bungle China
is hemp lost to British traders the arm nee ds
ovcrliaju the liar is too weak banks are fail
in the OoTcrnntent borrows mone at an ex
ccseivc rate taxes arc higher Cermans and vmcr
iefns are getting awa with British markets
UritMi i idiutry ii declining mreluuical inven
lien ii torpid the ejueen is getting older nolh
irg is Mtistactcry
DelllhiLT With till-
F om tl e Hartford Times
Xe think It ma be afely assumed that the
dminislrstiol does not take the peope into cvn
sHiTalion is tu an of its policietf toonial or
otiKTwbe Having inrsonall precipitated the
troubles with the 1 iipino without tie advice or
eetrsert oi the reproenlatires of the people
wlcn is to sa CongrebS it is evidently Mr
iicKlale vs rTp to conduct the affair ac
ccrdilig to bin own jer orial views- Dealing hon
clly with tlie people id one of the Iimsc of the
Iicsldirts intentions
lltltlliit llirinle4
From the Phlladelplua Ledger
It Is altogether probable that the little mos
quito fket which has just sailed for the Philip
pines b v ay of the Sues Canal will make
the voyage in safety Tlie vessels are small oni
by eo irerLcn with the monster of today The
old iJivifirftors who first tailed around the world
ad ic glit their enemies in all the seven seas
VTOjId have thought themselves extremely well
equipped with ships like these
lleaels to Couijiromliic
From the Chicago Tiinrs Herald
She Papa I have just met such a lovel duke
Tlie Old Man- Urn Co and ask him if he
thinks hU creditora will settle for XI cents on
Hit dollar
THE INAUGURATION OF ODELL
Iiiiliictril Into OlEce nt Mhnii AYlth
n jtJrent Dlnplns
ALBANY N Y Jan 1 Benjamin B
Odell Jr of Newburg was Inaugurated
as Goeruor of the State of Nov York at
noon today to succeed Thccdore Roose
velt
The oath of office was ndmlnlstcred to
him in the Assembly Chamber of the Capi
tol which was crowded as it necr was
before and while about 2500 people got
within the walls of the chamber there
were seeral thousand who clamored for
admission and struggled to enter the
doors but to no avail for it wa3 Impossi
ble to squeeze another one in
In surrendering the gubernatorial office
to Governor Odell Mr Roosevelt saldf
Governor Odell It becomes from this
moment your high and solemn duty to
stand at the executive head of the greattst
State within our Union a State which In
point of size population wealth and wide
variety of interests and of industries rises
amom many a world famous Kingdom or
Commonwealth Great powers are given
ou on the onq hand and on the other
haad your task Is neither light nor easy
But ou come to it with the special ability
and special training which peculiarly fit
you to perform it ably and well
In a sense a Governors term begins
with his election for as soon as elected
he must begin to make ready for his ex
acting and engrossing duties The earnest
ness ou hic already given us of the way
in which you regard these duties and of
the spirit In which you approach them Is
such thit we have the right to express
nut mere the hope but the confident be
lief that at the end of your term as Gov
ernor jou will have won the right to
stand high In that list of public servants
whose memory the great Empire State de
lights to hold in peculiar honor
The new Governor was heartily ap
plauded when he stepped forwanjrto reply
to Mr Roosevelts address Ho said
With the assumption of responsibilities
it was with doubt and uncertainty which
even the applause and good wishes of cur
friends cannot entirely dissipate Espe
cially Is this true of him into whose keep
ing Is placed the administration of the
affairs of our Commonwealth New York
an empiro in itself with Its vast popula
tion Its many diverse Interests demsuds
from its Chief Executive the greatest
conservatism wisdom as to its needs and
that Its business affairs shall be trans
acted with economy ana good Judgment
Under our form of government when
the will of the majority has been
cd
we snouid forget our partisanship
our desire to uphold and strengthen the
hands of those whom for the time being
wo havo clothed with authority and upon
whom the responsibility for the rroper
enforcement of our laws Is placed
The success of our State administra
tion depends as much upon its component
parts as upon the aggregate and it Is a
right which the executive can demand and
every loyal citizen should accord that in
every municipality In every township and
hamlet the same economical conditions
shall prevail as are evpected In the ad
ministration of our State affairs
Tlie burdens of taxation should be so
adjusted as to fall lightly upon those who
can ill afford to bear them and be borne
more generously by those who have re
ceived from the State protection and
rights which have given to their vast
business interests the success they de
serve Combination in restraint of indi
vidual rights Should be curbed and a wel
come extended to all whose energy and
genius will add to the lustro and fame of
the Empire State and aid us In upholding
our business and commercial supremacy
The care of our wards should be as gen
erous as their necessities may require
never extravagant and never niggardly
To the Governor is entrusted the exe
cutive and to the Legislature the law
making power of the Commonwealth The
duties are separate and distinct and can
never be combined without a serious im
pairment in the efficiency of both It
shall bo my object therefore to keep
strictly within the letter and spirit cf
the law and to give effect to such acts cf
the Legislature as may seem to me to 1 e
in thp direction of public good withhold
ing approval only when such meisures
fall below this standard In thus biding
in the consummation of all worthy proj
ects I shall be guided solely by the de
sire to give to the mandates of our con
stitution their full effect and to the wish
es of our people their full purport
If in the performance cf these duties
I shall In a measure be as successful as
have so many of my predcci ssors if upon
the threshold of a new ccttury with all
of its possibilities the poiltive and af
firmative action of the incoming adminis
tration can aid in solving those great
questions which so much Interest us I
shall feel as much pride la the contem
plation of such results as you do sir as
you look back upon the sue esi which has
attended your administratis
The weather was all thrt could be de
sired for an inaugural day TTith a bright
clear sky the temperature t below the
freezing point and the rain of the day be
fore had washed the streets so that they
were clean and In good older for the In
augural parade
The throngs of people that wished to see
thr ceremonies and get near the scene of
the exercises that attended the Inaugura
tion began to arrive early and at 9 oclock
the corridors of the Capitol w ere alive w ith
moving humanity As the out-of-town or
gauizations reached here they marched
quietly to the plates assigned to them for
forming the pageant whlcli was the larg
est military demonstration that has graced
an occasion of this kind for years
LIGHT ON THE PHILIPPINES
A Soc lrt Formed to Dinse mlnnte
Vnl ii ii tile- Iiiforinntlon
BOSTON Jan 1 The Secretary of the
new Philippine Information Society L
K Fuller sas that the society 13
composed almost entirely of expansionists
though that does not necessarily Imply
that they are all Imperialists or believe
that our Government should have a colo
nial policy None of the members is
known to go as far in his views as the
anti Imperialists and nearl all of the
members as far as known were supporters
of McKlnley at the late election Since
the election sas Miss Fuller and espe
cially since the publication of General
MacArthtirs report there has been a
among these people that thero was
more In the Philippine case than had
been put before the public that perhaps
there was more to be sal 1 for the Filipinos
than was gencrall known and that there
could be no right action in the case until
the facts were learned This corvUion
icd to the formation of the society as
has been announced by the regular press
despatches
It 1j the purposo ot the society to re
main absolutely imp vrtlnl to color its
publications on neither side Dut to put
before the people the unquestionable facts
as far as they can be learned from origi
nal and reliable sources The society has
correspondents in the Philippines who are
trilnir ou the spot to get infornntlon
Inaccessible In tho United States Mem
bers of Congress are requested to ir
information and President McKlnley
self has given his approval to the r
It is thus hoped to put the plat
before the people upon the vital
in our relations to the Filipinos
Trom tho personnel of the society it
cvldsnt that here Is no connection be- I
twecn tho organization and tho
though somo of the matter
which the society has given the public is
the same that has been published by the
antl lmperiallsts The only pamphlet ct
Issued is entitled A Selection
from Ills Official Documents together
with the Authorized Accounts of the Al
leged Spanish Bribe This is num
bered 2 In the first series No 1 relates
to Josa Itlzal the Filipino patriot and
gives an account of the insurgent move
ment of 1S9C Since it has not Leen possi
ble to get tho desired information
promptly the second number was Issued
first and the first will como later
A GIPP OF FAMOUS MINERALS
A Ooiintlnn to the American Muxeuni
of Nntlonnl Iltstorj
NEW YORK Jan 1 The American Mu
seum of Natural History has jUBt received
a collection of minerals and meteorites
valued at from eloOCOO to 200000 from
a person whoe name Is not made public
The collection was made by Clarence S
Bement of Philadelphia The collecting
began thirty five years ago and as scentl
fic knowledge grew and means amplified
the specimens Increased in number and
quality The process of adding culling
and exchanging has been carried on up to
tht present The best was good enough
for Mr Dement To gt it was a matter
of time and opportunity as well as of
mone To gather minerals In quantity
and kind adapted for scientific study or the
instruction or the ignorant Is comparative
ly cas the brain and the purse are both
taxed to assemble the specimens classified
by mineralogists and at tho same time of
a quality to display natures most perfect
rare or freakish handiwork
As early as 1SS1 the Ilcmcnt collection
attracted the attention the United
Stales authorities and a report was pub
lished in the interest of the National
Museum at Washington asserting that Its
purchase would place that museum on a
par with many of the great ones In
Europe Spencer T Hainl declared re
peatedly that If ho lived the Government
should have the collection The curator
of a foreign museum saw It and after
returning to Europe cibied that he would
buy It but the gathering of the money
was too difficult Speaking of selling it
might be imagined that Mr Bement col
lected with a mercenary view Not so
His collection grew to such importance
that curators scientists and visitors urg
ed that it should go to a public institu
tion He was always ready to assume a
liberal attitude toward any such acquisi
tion
Though realizing that the collection as
early as 1881 had assumed museum pro
portions he went on with additions and
Improvements up to the last month His
collection has increased by over 50 per
cent since 18S4 The specimens have not
been counted but are supposed to numbr
about fourteen thousand The foreign
professors Nordcnsklold Vcn Rath Crnth
and Lacroix found much to Interest them
spending many days in his mineral rooms
Prof Maskelyne former curator of the
British Museum and Prof Miers of Ox
ford were also his visitors In mineralo
gy the British Museum collection as a
whole exceeds that of all others but Its
American department Is quite inferior to
Mr Bemcnts and there are many speci
mens in the general series which would
improve the collection In London It his
somehow happened either by luck or lib
erality that Mr Bement got the pck of
other collections In 1S83 he selected
from the Spang collection then the best
private collection in the country and
culled four other collections Tho collec
tion of Baron Braun
of 3Iunlch and sev
eral others were picked It would be diffi
cult to find anyone more Imbued with ths
genius of collecting than Mr Bement
He has made collections in several lines
all of which have been of high quality
So much has been said of the collectors
motives as it is the simplest way to con
vey some idea of the character and quality
of the specimen A description la Imprac
ticable Crystallization in the greatest of
variety and with features of importance
to the scientific man abound and while
there Is food for the finished scholar In
mineralogy there Is plenty to Interest
the tro or the casual observer Some
specie3 will interest the general public
more particularly than others the ouartz
crystals for Instance beautiful to any
eye as also the flour spar and the beryls
barytes cuolcltei garnets sulphurs rzu
ritcs tourmalines topazes etc Though
rcassiveness alone is not the ldeil of tho
connoisseur there are four or fiva hun
dred large pieces forming to the collec
tion a crown of beauty and color Min
erals are obtained mostly from mines and
mllrnrl nnlMtiiM J
uuu v Miwifc buiuc iiuui crap IQCKS
by the seashore others In crevasses of
mountains and from volcanoes Vesuvius
is a rich locality The Swiss mountalnEer
though hardy and satisfied with small pay
has almost given up the search for min
erals on account ot the scarcity and the
dangers incurred in looking for them in
almost Inaccessible places
One of the famous pieces is a splendid
smoky quartz crystal which weighs
pounds It was found over twenty
years ago in the TIefen Glacier nar the
Turca Pars The specimens found were
lowered by ropes and several were
scratched and damaged M Burke a citi
zen of Bernp secured the lot for the local
museum retaining for himself this grand
specimen naming it Tho President Mr
Bement secured It when ho picked M
Burkes collection Tho feature of this
crystal Is Its fine condition
Some of the gypsum crystals delicate
enough to be scratched by the finger nail
ore fine and clear as plate glass Tho
largest crystal Is about forty by eight
Inches Tho remarkable emerald eight
and a half Inches long from North Caro
lina valued at 1000 In 1SS4 and figured
In Kunzs work on American gems Is
here Trot Von Rath of the University
of Bonn confessed that without having
seen this collection he would have had
but a faint Idea of the beauty of American
minerals After his return to Eurone in
18SI ho wrote an article for a German
scientific Journal which was translated
by Mr Kunz and printed In New York In
1SS6 The professor hoped that the treas
ures so happily combined would find a
worth place In the National Museum at
Washington Now by the liberality of one
of its citizens they are In this city where
they will do the greatest good to the
greatest number
The collection of meteorites Is a most
Interesting addendum It numbers about
five or six hundred specimens from 413
falls They are unusual as to size and
quality Collecting meteorites is a very
costly pursuit The arc so precious an
to be sold by the gramme One little
specimen of prehistoric find weighing
seventeen Grammes would rerdlly bring
100 The specimens range from a single
gramme to about one hundred and fifty
pounds and at dealers prices the meteor
ites are vorth 50 000 The price paid for
tho whole collection Is not given but the
money value is reckoned at between 1Z0
00 and 200 PC The directors and trus
tees may well feel proud that they now
possess both the Tiffany gem minerals
and tho Bement minerals and meteorites
The American Museum of Natural History
has been under the presidency of Morris
K Jesup for twenty vears He has given
time and money without stint and the
directors and trureea have been liberal
In their aid until what was once eom
pnsscd by tho dingy old nrseml in Centril
Parlt is now expanded in tho splendid
American Museum of Nntunl History
While it is considered onb half grown It
Is a half grown giant No doubt before
long others will follow the example set
by Mr Jesup and his ro trustecs The
museum now stands as one of the princi
pal sights of New York and Is affording
wholesome instruction and amusemen to
Its citizens and visitors not only by ex
hibits liut by its courses of splendid
lllustrtted lectures to add to which its
agents are traveling about tho world ob-
Mnlur material
h B iMsh Museitn has been enriched
time to time by glftj and bequests
ftnie Is world wide
tlatl Itettcr Fntle Viva
im the Portland Arfjus
for vlger to attempt to re
iuilgroent on the emlialned
i j hope ot success lie ra ght
rove that lHeK il white
he foul mvithcd lUzan
fc the ridiculous thafter
t in public s m
Lrer the cciojrw
en
will
patiiy
and the
bet thin-
aprear pern
fellov conitr
of them
31
Fro n the lie
Professor They say thu
tiun lreu I ut I do not lCi
New Woman hot Tim
ou rren Ion never want u
Icid in an thin
nj The
vc is to dis
lew TriIr
I enec1
WRECK OF A LABOR UNION
Ilrnvs Inss of the IlnllillnK Trnilen
ConnctI of CIiIcnRo
CHICAGO Jan 1 Chicago Is Just end
ing one of the most disastrous conflicts
between labor and capital known to tny
municipality In the United States Statis
tics at hand gathered from twenty ono
leading architects of the city and ten rep
rcsntatives of large building corpora
tions show that in the fifteen months of
this conflict labor lost more than SO000
C00 In wages building contractors more
than 750COO0O in profits and material
supply men 75000000 through stock un
sold The retail business of this city has
been practically stagnant for fifteen
months
On October 1 1SD0 the Building Trades
Council of Chicago representing a part of
the union labor of this city engaged In
building work ordered a strike on ac
count of differences existing between It
and the Building Contractors Coun MI
These differences related not to tho scile
of wages paid a3 they were very high
but to the right of the Building Trades
Council to order a sympathetic strike at
any time the rights of walking delegates
the rights of apprentices In the plumb
ing trade and similar questions
The Building Trades Council was con
trolled at the outset of the strike by a
set of politicians Tho Building Contrac
tors Council was regulated by some well
meaclng men and by somo who meant
well were exceedingly stiff necked The
two bodies could not get together and the
strike followed Politics was rapidly In
troduced in its progress When the strike
was declared tho highest rate of wage paid
to any laborer in the building trades was
3 per day ot eight hours The lowest
rale of wage paid to any laborer In the
building trades wns 2 23 per day The
average was about 3 per day of eight
hours
Tho total number of members of tho
Building Trades Council on October 1
ISM was 25133 Tho total number of
union men of the building trades In the
city at that time and not affiliated with
the Building Trade3 Council was 13220
There werp also employed besides these
two classes 3 112 non union men The to
tal number of building trades workmen and
non union building trades workmen In tho
city was 587S5 The value of the hulldlng
in progress in this city on October 1 1893
was 10000000 By January I 1900 the
value of tho building in progress had
shrunk to 35COO0O and tho amount of
building work planned but stopped on ac
count of tho strike was S0C0G00
During the fifteen months of tho strike
five persons were killed and 221 assaulted
and more or less seriously injured The
assaults were usually made by union men
upon non union men For a time the- po
lice force of the city appeared to act n
harmony with the strikers tut this merely
aggravated tho situation as the general
public was not only paying the salaries
of the police force but was also paying
In another way for the suspended build
ing operations Finally the political offi
cers of the Bulldins Trades Council were
ousted and a large number of the unons
affiliated with it withdrew and are now
making their peace with the contractors
and resuming work
The membership of tht Building Trades
Council ha3 diminished from 26453 to
9331 There are now in this city C3E00
union men engaged in the building trades
but not affiliated with the council There
have left the city to seek work In other
places 17930 men As mo3t of these de
partures have an average of three DTSons
dependent upon them and their labor It
is estimated that in all nearly 54000 per
sons have left this city on account of the
strike
As to the cost to labor and capital ot
the- strike the following table gives ap
proximate figures
Tifty eight thousand workingmcn at
an average wage of S3 per day
twentv days work per month for
fifteen months 32MO0O
Los to contractors in pronts
Loss to real estate merchants etc
The value of tlte amount ot buildin
operations suspended during the
year 1900 Is placed at
The amount of building in progress at
5 OOOOM
5000000
1270TOOi0
the present time is valued at 3200000
The individual unions engaged in the
building trades are now making their own
agreements with the contractors and are
resuming work The withdrawal last week
from the Building Trades Council of the
Hod Carriers Union numbering about
4009 men marks the end of the strike
Not one of the questions for which the
strike was precipitated has been settled
by the council
GUARDING THE TELEGSAPH
General Pintos Scheme to Prevent
Indians From Tnmiierlit
From London Tit Bits
When the electric telegraph was first In
troduced Into Chill a strategem was re
sorted to in order to guard the posts and
wires against damage on the part of the
natives and to maintain the connection
between tho strongholds on the frontier
There were at the time between forty and
fifty captive Indians In the- Chilian camp
General Pinto in command of the opera
tionscalled them together and pointing
to the telegraph wires said-
Do ou see those wires7
Yes general
I want jou to remember not to go near
or totch tbem for if you do jour hands
will bi held and you will be unablo to get
avaj
Tht Indians smiled Incredulously Then
the get eral made them each In succession
take hold ot the wire at boh ends cf an
electric battery in full operation after
which he exclaimed
I cant mv hands aro benumbed
cried each Indian
The battery was then stopped Not
lorg after the general reotorecl them to
liberty giving tbera strict Instructions to
leep the secret This had the desied ef
fect for as might be expected the expe
rience was related In the strictest confi
dence to everv man in the trlty and tho
telegraph has over since remained un
molested
John Ilniiyniirt Lnst IJesee iulnnt
From the Lendon Xews
Has Jom flurvans family died out t corre
spondent Kcnd u a cutting- from a I fncontire
luper advertising a rale xocur nv me direction
of he late Itobeft ltunanH tnLteS of certain
I incolnshire proixrticj lur corr spondent vlio
has cut out tiiU advertisement sus IVrhapj
ou may think t worth a note as the
disappearance ef a great name Tlie Robert
Human wider whne will the sale tVurs place
vaa I think tre last descendant of John Human
to bear lira name and I think the hale ta ies
on account of his elaugiters death a Vn K II
Iev worth wlio ilinl lately at Lincoln aged
about ninetr eight
ItrssInN Outposts
Irom the National 3Iagame
In tre IlihriTr traits Itufeia ami mcriea
fhake luintls nil Diomeile tand and Little Dio
rifdi tnd side bv side the former ltusdias out
post tlie other our ovn V little strip rf
narrow ca Ilea between the two and ho eear
is the air on - fair dav tliat it seems as it
from one land oa could esiir reaih across a
I ami to the otier North across Kotzebuc Sound
1- P nl Hope u b iren uanl spit etendinfr far
into the Antic w t is the liTmc of a tribe
of i rtwiinn who gc io the r ision echool
anl church crd Icim to sing hvinrt to speak a
IiU e Lnslii and to use soap
Ills Kre etlnir
the Argcrauti
The etler day a newly appointed warden1 was
taken bv tlte pri on chaplain inti chapel
where tie prisoners were assembled In a 1kh1
eoplam prcenteit him to the company with
IV remark that he would e l a few words The
wstiVa was a loMifuI man and unaccustomed to
sjieeei raticz He stanmercd stuttered blush
rd hi fjltcred Ladies ami er no no
tie lat i men and fclow prloners rr I cant
mane a speech 1 dont know 1 or to make a
peccn In fact all er all I ran sar
Is cr that Im very glad ind cd to sec so many
of on here
A evr Yenr Compliment
i To the 1citor of The Times
May voitr wo at day in the coming- century b
T than iur bet elay in the past centu yl
l J MES SELDON CO COV
PIAN FOR A CONSTITUTION
A Project Prlvntely Connlilrrcil bjvl
the Cnhnn Convention
HAVANA Jan 1 -The project for s
constitution as drawn up by a commission
rf live delegates was read yesterday nl a
private session of the convention Tin
delegates are very reticent at to what
took place at the meeting It s under
stood that the constitution submitted Is
very similar to the American Constitution
The question of the relations between Cuba
and tho United States was also discussed
Some doubt Is expressed as to the con
stitution being ready In January though
the Discuslon still maintains that It
will be ready by tho fifteenth The dele
gates are considering what Is be dona
In the event of tho American Congress not
passing on the constitution at this session
Scnor Rivera says the convention has noth
ing to do with Congress It is claimed
that an attempt will be made o estab
lish a Government three months after tha
constitution Is finished A general desire
Is felt to have something definitely set
tled
M j Dady has published a letter ad
dressed to the citizens ot Havana saying
that It Is seven years since he first came
to tic city to study tho Conditions of sew
ering and paving In 1S93 he obtained cer
tain right Including the right of tanteo
which he will demand the law to protect
He made his studies at largo expense and
did not ask for any award but only tho
contract Ho employed no nfalr msaas
He says that the two soqr es of opposi
tion to him are the mayor and engineers
department- After two ears const lera
tlon Colonel Black made an ot tho
cost of the contract whlh was oniy n
gues3 and which Colonel Black does not
care to stand by Mr Pady says that
Colonel Black wants the work doa by
the admlnlstraIon regerdless of the cret
to tha city He will ask that his rights
bo passed upon by the legal authorities
A meeting cf the Republican partr has
been held to protest agvlaat the sentiment
in favor of an vmerlcai protectorate over
the Island I was argj J that those who
favored a protectorate cMd not represent
the people an Immense majority of whom
favored independence Tho meeting was
not a large one
Members of the democratic party say
that the party will leave politics alone and
will try to organize thecpeopIe who havo
land interests In the country In order to
send a commission to Washington to ask
for a reduction In tho duties on sugar and
tobacco A meeting for that purpose will
be held this week Other bodies b3sides
the democratic party promise to assist tha
movement
KOOSEVET T AND THE BENCH
Ills Statennr t ItcfrnnliiiK 111k Itceent
Jnellclnrr Atipolntnientit
ALBANY Jap L While waiting for tha
beginning of the Inauguratlts ccremonie3
Governor Rocsevelt received the news
paper men today for tho last ot what he
his termed the valks in the academy
He refused to say anything concernins hU
career in Albany except that he had had
a bully good timo during the last two
ura and that he would leave Albany
feeling like a ball moejse When pressed
to say something ot his term as Govern
or he referred to a complimentary speech
made by Chief Justice Parker at a ban
quet last night in which Ju3tlce Farker
said that Roosevelt had striven to keep
the standard of the bench at its highest
during his term as Governor I consulted
Justice Parser more than any other man la
reference to any judiciary appointments
the Governor added As for my career
In the executive chamber I prefer to say
nothing It speaks- for Itself
-- i 1
PETJNING DOWT THE HYSOTAL
SZctliodlKt Infctorn DIhcusm Revision
of the Sccrcel Iloolc
From the Pittsburg JCcws
For the purpose of learning their view3
on the subject Rev C W Smith D D
editor of the riUiturg Christian Advo
cate made an address and opened a dis
cussion en Tlier New Hymnal at tho
meeting of the 21ethodl3t Ep scopal min
isters this morning in the ciapel of tha
Jlethodist building Rev Dr Smith out
lined the work which has to be done and
he Informed his hearers that in accord
ance with the instructions of the general
conference the hymnal will te reduced to
almost one halt Its present slzs Several
plans for effecting the revision were su
gested by the ministers and while tha
discussion was purely speculative It will
have weight In the final adjustment
At the last general conference held la
Chicago at which so many radical changes
In Methodism were made a revision of
the Methodist hymnal was ordered The
board of bishops appointed a committee
of nine representative members of the de
nomination to do the work and one f tha
nine is Rer Dr Smith Tho latter said
this morning that the hymnal would be
reduced so as to comprise only COO hymns
This means that over 400 will be elimi
nated from their honored position It is
said that all tho old hymns of the Wcs
leys John Newman the Careys and others
will be retained as a basis for the new
work Somo of the newer hymns will
necessarily fall by the wayside
There will I- little change In tunes as
the entire number does not reach 600
several or more nymns being set to tho
same measures The so called Sunday
school hymns will probably be rejected In
the revUion also Many extremely devo
tional but rather unpoctlcal stanzas liava
crept Into the hymnal without really mer
iting the distinction some of which have
been placed there out of regard to the de
ceased Methodist who wrote them as the
only way In which to do honor to stanch
loalty and unsv ering piety There will
be no place for these In the new work
but Old Hundred will be found fn Its
old place
The InterprcUttlon of the Apocalpso
was the subject of an Interesting theolog
ical paper read by Rev S V Hunter
LLD at the meeting of the Presbyterian
Ministerial Association In the First
Church Wood Street this morning ReT
Dr Hunter said that no other book n
the Bible was so difficult of interpreta
tion and that all Interpreters differ
widely He mentioned the fact that many
persons poorly equipped for the work
had written voluminous commentaries on
the subject thereby adding liberally to
the stock of intellectual rubbish In part
he said-
We are under obligation to understand
the revelations as far as we can but wo
must not cast aside any of Gods revcla
tlous because of their obscurity Tho
Apocalpso is obscure both in conse
quence of the way in which it is written
and the use of symbols Some commenta
tors turn their telescopes altogether to
the past nnd assert that the prophecies
have been fulfilled Others turn the tele
scope altogether io the remote f jture and
become convinced that tne niinumcnr ia
vet to come Both of these- types of com
mentators aro wrong Tho progressive
commentator holds that the revelations
of God have been In progress of fulfill
ment since the world va3 created and
will continue to bo verified in tho future
This is tha historical view and It is rap-
Idly gaining adherents so that its univer
sal acceptance secras to be only a nrctter
of time
War Legislation
From the Philadcphla Itcccrd
naliorate plans for militia reoaotcatio i
tlte formation ef an adequate navai reserve have
tern formulited by the militarv and naval au
thorities and will be preyed upon the atten
tion of Congress afer the lioltdav rcccw There
is but scant probability that either the 111 of
the National Cuanl VssocUtlnn cr the Naval Tie
sere bill will be jenouslr considered this win
ter fiut tho measures will be introduced ard
pl iccd on tlie calendar and the neat Congress
wilt be unquctionabl called lpon to
this elesireil legisation Not onlr M war to b
prepared for in time of peace but Ihe trtiro
nation is to be made te feel what vcr maui
under the prcsurc of a permanent niiitarv s
tera Tlie strenuous expansionists have ther in
ning ajd it is likely to prove a long one
J
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