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The times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1897-1901, February 24, 1901, Second Part, Image 20

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MmLtlrnrerH Life nud AVurl
One of th most v tluable works of Its
kind published In recent ears Is William
Shakespeare Poet Dramatist and Man
Lv Hamilton Wright Mabie Mr Mable
Ins for some times been known as a schol
arly and careful writer on this and other
literary subject and this volume evllent
Ij contains the product of several eirs
studv and research It Is n book of con
s derahle dze and Is fullv Illustrated with
facsimile of old portnits and print old
documents and inscriptions and with re
productions of photographs tiken In and
about Stratford The Cholarlv stvlc of
the work is one of its chief attractions
ind it Is remarkabe moreover for keen
insight and a somewhat origin vl lew of
the subject In horl It throws a fresh
light on the much discussed and siudfed
work of Shakespetre and It Is fascinating
from beginning to end
3 he reader discovers in the icrj first
chapter which Is entitled The lorenin
ners of Shakespeare that the author is
In loe with hi subject He Is franklj
fascinated with the hlstorj of those rude
dramas whch were the first occupants of
the English stage and with the more elab
orate but still incomplete work of Mtr
lowe and other precurors of the master of
drama It Is all interesting but a few par
agtaphs arc especHllJ well worth iuoting
On 1is Ugeants handsomely eleeoratesl the
ipctators ww scenes acted with vhieli iIhv ha 1
been made familiar l evcre kind of leeeling
The drama in the Garden of rden an prcscrcd
with uncompromising realism Vdam ami Ive ap
I -arm in appropriate attire the elcvil plavesl
je bleat ard effective part furni Jtir endless
amusement Is hi butTooncrv but alwaii com in
the rnd to his own place Pilate ami Herod
divided popular atlenion by their wmi hunicroui
cr uielod amatic roles and oalis vv lie afforded
an opportunity for the psy of iron etonuus and
vcr oltnous masculine wit on the faults an 1
frailty of woman The eonstract ion of these
scnitacred dra ras dealing with Inch or putur
rsejue events and ineidcrts in Iliblieal story wai
rude the mixture ef the satrtd an I Ihe tonne
hi complete tliat the two arc cvWantlj niere
the frankness of fpenh and the gniness almost
incredible to modem taste It woud be a great
mistake knur to interpret either inter
mirsjlin of the traffic and the e-on-10 r the cross
ness of speech indicalms general o miction
thev indie ate an undciclocd rather than a car
ript societv Tlie glisli peop e were morallt
und but tlirv were coarse in habit ani speech
after the manner of the lime Thc c waj a much
I inert and jAkt living as todar tin gru eiios
was not a rraltcr of character but of ivire sion
Men an women saiv wilhnut am fclnciouines
of irrevercni e cr incoiemiitr the tltrure e f IMtv
enthroned on a movable tta with cherubim
Fathered alsiit him the world vith tli
ald f inures of bird- and le aMs with branch
Ine ed Irom trees and with lanterns tucli as
were earned aloiit the etrcets at night
Hehglon was net a partment er a iartial ex
pros ion f life it was intlnslve of the whcl
rnge of feeung and action It cmlraee d husior
a rracilv a H cnibn tnl the most snoi con
v ti n ind the ne st elevated emoion It was
herd ire enlirclv ci nenioui with the deepest
pietv of the time lliat Grotesque izure mon
itruu gargovjes treadle Iiuinvruu carviiiS on
Jals ehould lw rt of the fracture
of tbe vast eaUieslraH which are me mo e -lime
the religious life of
jfres ioi in at of
the race To real into the gnswics and in
clectnej of expression in tlie eenturv the
moral ign1canee winch sticli an expression would
have in the nineteenth csnluri is not iilv to d
grave injustice to manv gcneratioiu but to
ljelray tie lacn of a nwn I Historic ns Th
w1m folhmed tliese carle ttn
Inoven pj vurlahts iude rs nl lltf the lu norou
nr t h - aratsl fr ra the tlTEie willMWt
xii nir Ihe facts of lift an religion In ill
later woul I liave leell sued fioil
manr al sirditie anI much de tructive naiTw
ns if tte men wlio c for it lud not so
stran mlunder5tmd and rejected ne of the
grralM qjallties of tl hunun nt that
of linraor which abcxe all others keeps
liuiran i ature fane and Found
This piragraph shows tlearlr enough
the round historic fene s eseel be Mr
Mable and the broadness and
nth whch he looks upon- the time of
Shakespeare work After KiUng consld
eabie snacc it the di cslon of the
nlriclc p1ainnd the impular lmas
whl h followed thorn ho comes to the lit
tle group of pla wrights who figured in
the hlstor of literature Just before the
appearance of Shakespeare and Ijlvcs a
brief estimate of each Tre second chap
ter Is upleel with the personal ilstnr
and circumstances of the great dramatist
description of
In It a charming
and anotlier of the hou e
In which Shakespeare xvas born Sjieaking
ct his education the author sas grcup
lng Shakespeare Burns and Lincoln to
gether as masters of language born in the
liumbler ranks of life
These three roasters of speech were cxceptionalr
welt cd cated tor their art for no man lieroinei
an atift except by the wa of aPprenUcc hip
but fteir educafon was individual rattier Own
fcrmal and libcTatlng tlian disciplmarv
in the inot selsl
The two poeU were saturate1
Uee perici in the unfold of the i1
of the people among whom
with the very gem
thev were to work and who deepest in tincts
Tlieir rupreme bxkI fir
Uict were 10 Interpret
tliat thee were educated
tune lay m the fact
tLroueU the imagination rather than through the
meTo and the raionalirir g facuties imer
e eliilus and Scle were clutnted by the
one method so aim was Dante man mmc
tinM get th lnd of cslueation in the
but lu oitcner mis c it He i alwas
fortuite if he get it at all l kespere
received it from several rces rne of them
being the 1 ve of the drama in the town in which
be was lorn to its records of ever sort
and acquaiiiUuec Jnp with the cmtoeliaM f its
tredltiOrs and the practitiontni of it art
Jt -will be seen Just here that the
and rxlantn which Iniisted on
nscrlblrg the work of hakeptare to
pomebodj cKe because lie was a man of
little scholirshlp compared to Hacon or
the other professe el students of the da
lias no place whatever in Mr cal
culation Neither does he assume that by
Fome mjsterious Intuition known as
Benlus the poet isalmilated eerthlng
xelfhout helng taught He slmplv points
cut the fact that here -a an extraordi
jtar mind ft In the midst of an
I iiere which If It was not full of learning
was at leat saturated with hlstor le
irj and the drama and not devoid of the
irere Fcliolastjc varieties of Knowb dge
He shows the faso with which such a
iri d would naturalb drink In all that
could be of use to It and gain more
know edge in i casual wa by being inter
rsted In all knowledge than the average
schoollK gets b having things Jrilled
Into his unwilling head
Arothcr line pa sage is that which sums
up the Influence of Kll abetli It occurs
in that part of this chapter which cbals
with her visit to Kcnilworth in the sum
mer rf 1S73 and the author suggests some
how tint he feel a tho ough sjmpathy
with the le of eleven who doubtless was
t mewhere on the sput to watch the ar
rval of the Queen He says of Elizabeth
In tljosc daje even the fplendor of the wander
ing Uvers paled before that of the tjuesn She
II i Hs emeen vears en the thrwfie be lu 1
n Hi pulilHs of her fanil the Tudor im
pel i4u s oi tetnpci and the Tudor instinct for
tonic standing Ivcr eule and winning them The
AniMdp was thirteen sears In the future and
tic full - leortor of a great reign was si ill to
c i tut there wit soroelliina fu the votm
i ii lnHi lud already toueheil tile imagiiia
tjc i t lugland aoniHliiiig in her spirit ami
lx i willed save1 tlie MSs of tlie time from
L c ft tcrcTt I luabeth neither ijeau
tjf r pi i mh the rojuantie chaim wbicii
i t 1 al i urn into tbe presence of her
hi 1 1 m v Mar Stuart was not in
t lim w s w omn she easil
I 1 as i fad lite race gift of
ing nl lee The senii of
- i in a time of pawn
n - t cot onl th
1 I tlie J IBOOl Oi
t i iki greatness
tlj i lwlinil sh
J i I
it slict 1 ct VI luu 4K cane in o
v lie whoK i uuir a Ntrr 1 unk
ti li i o th n j ti t
s s I H i im
of people no liookb mot men never went out of
their na lie shires traveler from a distance
were few Talcs cf Icleetrri honor and emolu
ments were told and listened to live modern
fair stories his rapid advancement lent a kind
of magic to the splendor of hlv st lie and the
IJueen was tbe iracinan whose touch made and
marred all fortunes In the time of thzalth
as in that of ictcrn the ejueen iicrsonilied th
inslih Ktale and the majctv of the ijiilish
race Through I his kind of stmbolism a deep
onl rirTjitv nlneatlonal mflu ncc las licen
ntcntl put forth and uncoccioiily reecivisl
Tlie cjuecn was in manv wavs the incarnation of
the spirit of chakespeares time ami lcr coming
into Warwickshire was like the advent of the
world element Int a lifn which had felt onl
I local influences
Ag tln there is a picture of the London
of Shakespeire s time
In lsi he reached Ixuidon without means in
tcarrh of a vocation and a place in which to exer
else it Tlie time was f rtunate and co operatM
with him in wavs which he did not then or later
underrtanl lor however ilcarlv a man may com-
rehend Ins gift and mater his tools he is too
iruch a part of hi ag to di ern his npirilual
relations to it as these are later disclosed in
the mt tie ehannes tlrotgh which it inpirei
and vit ilizes lum and he jn turn cxprecs
interprets and afecta it
To the vouth from the little village on the
tvon lxiidin was a great and siilindid clt
but the vact metropolis of todav with a kiu
latum of nure thin five million people was tliu
a town of altout cne hundred and fiftv tlouan I
mlabltai Is Tlie greatitlrc vvhiell was to cluiige
it from a medieval t a inisern citv was si most
a centurv diftant and the spire of old st Iaul s
was seen as one aiiroached rising over ma ses
of red rooted nun gaiiicu iwuic iirvo
the finallcsl el ace ani protected by wals and j
trcnchcu Tlie most oon j icuous objects in the
citv were Ihe Tower which ro e the I
1 nnlknrilv 1
lliames as a TTncoi oi uie u
ef the monarch the trihedral which- served as
a e ommon centre of csninumt lite where the
news of the da was paved from Lroiip to troup
where gos ip frecl intcrchangid ami ser
vails were hired and debtors foiin I immunltv
ficm arre l an I old Ixndcn Ilndie a town in
itself lined with buidinss crowdeil with peo
ple with high gati lowers at cilhcr end often
ihastl with tberheaU that IjkI rccntlv fallen
fiom the bock at the touch ci the executioner s
liie tr els were narrow irregular overhang
ig ercakcil on mtv
with I injecting
hinges and in high winds often came down i n
the h ad of upurlumili peilcstnans Tliese hlgli
refuse and evil odors
wavs wire still foul with
willun the niiorv of men then living thev had
been ertirclv uniavisl Tlieir omlition had be
come so noiso nc and dangerous H ty viars earlwr
that Henry XIII began the work ol pjving the
principal thoroughfare Hound slones wire use1
fcr this pnrpc and were p t m position as they
came to liard without reference to form site
or resruaritv of surfae Wakmg an 1 riding
were in cen csuccce diuallv disagreeable Hi
thrrouahfarcs wire beatci into dust in summer
and hollowed out into pools m winter a ditch
Mtture ciuel callcsi Ihe kenne ran through
tie road and sen si a gutter Into these ninnincr
strca ns Jcl with Ihe rcfu e whicli now p
ti rough the sewers- liirsei splashe1 and pedes
trian often slpissl Ihe narrow ra gc
fst passcngcri was ovrcrodcd and y
sennlit the spare fartbe t away from Hie iiirrvin
pedestrians and letter earners and rcekles rid
crs Two eTiiluries latr Dr Jhn oii divldsl the
inhabitants of l onclon i to two peace
able and the auarrelne cr tbo e who gave
tl e wall and this- who look it 1 o add to the
dsoenfort treat water pouis gather d the
crrie fell on the rs of houses and shops
v J the
nirjil fonn on
i aril ul cliaraci ineiii m
heads of liassersbv
The author then goes on lo explain the
disadvantages under which Shakespeire
I lalirecl The stage was not n s
Ide red literature
j rtcutahle nor were pines con
ature the appliances if the drumi were
of he most simple anJ meng e descrlpIon
and fe talent emplovcsl in acting a
general less than mediocre let the
vivid lmiglintlon of the audience sup
plied all tlie deficiencies of an iinarrfc
i this Imaginative atmosphere
art and it was
phere thil the genius of Shakespeare was
kindled In discussing the cpiestlon
whether or not the great dramatist was n
tmveler Mr Mnbie sab that it Is unlike
1 that he was ever out of England unless
posMbi during the ear of the gTeit
plague when the plajhouses were closed
He remark that there are mistakes in the
depiction of local coor here and them
which would scared have been made bj
a person of Shak peares abllil If pcr
sonall familiar with tin scenth of the
pi i He adds
It mut ls resne n IktcsI too that he poet
hid Iinmen e cajacitv for assimilating knowlnlze
and making it his own that a tssial or moral
fact was as full it sviggcsliin to him as a bon
to a naturalist that lie lived with men whew
acquaintance with other countries lie ua con
startl drawing Uion to enlarge Ins own infor
mation anl that he lad aeeev to liooks which
gave Ihe fresliett and most villi descriptions of
italia i se cner cities and manner Manv of the
struing and ae curate de eriitions of locahlles to
tic found in literature were written b men wlo
never set foot m the countries with whnh ther
seem o show the utmost Tamilian One of til
jnost eliarmirg Vinencan jsulorals eleserilies
Vith complete acxeracv of ectail a s veil as with
the truest feeling lor atmosphe ric eReet a Ian I
scape which the sMrt never ear On a fortuaate
ela he lirouglit into 1 is 111 rar a man who knew
ro other e ountr so well He faces his Vle ltor
to the north ou are now he said slant
ing by the blacksmiths forge an 1 lookinjr to the
north tell ine evervtllng ou see Tlie visitor
clcEcd his eves and deanlied wile living mi
nutencss a courtrv Willi vshich he had been inti
mate all his con e ions life When he ha I finished
l was turned succesiveiv to the West Ihe
south and lbc east until bis k raplne vision had
11 i 1 -1 1MI i
surveveel anu reiiroeiueisi hit iiisi m H
ful world wlmli wa tc iurulsi the baekjroun 1
for the poem
The reference teems lo be to Kvargc
The succeeding chapters toko tip the dif
ferent plavs In their order and analvze
Iher characlerisles tracing e spec illy
the formitivc Influences which went to
give etch its peculiar stlc Of the poets
domestic life the biographer takes the
view tint there l no pcrticular re ion to
suppose It unhippv ind that although
Sliakespeare was it is true absent from
home most of the time- for eleven ears
he may have had Ills famtl with him In
Ixindon and have visited them frequently
In Stratford during th it time without
an record being maele of It Moreover
In those das of slow traveling II was not
unusual for a man to be j trated from
his famll for vears at a time when busi
ness required it since in the uncertain
condition of life hi could not alts rrnkc
a home quickl for tlicm This would he
especinll likrl In the cat of a strug
gling pla wright
Mr M inle notes the fict that the death
of the pot onl son Is nearl coincident
with the beginning of his work In trafce d
and that the dovvnfill of two or three or
his best friends and pttrons through po
litical eues happened also at about this
time these things might well hive set
him thinking over the trent problem of
hum in deotln We are so accustome el to
think of a genius as alwnvs n genius that
wc scjelon realize the fact that Sh ikes
pearea apprenticeship did not end or his
pin -writing scilously comnence till In
was nbotit thlrt two eilel All
through his carl working ears the great
dramas must Invc lieon slmplng them
selvcs in his mind but he was Ihlrt two
when The Merch int of Vtiiiee was writ
ten thlrt scven when Twelflh Night
was piodueeel nnl about the sumo ige
when As You IIke It was criattd while
the matchlesn group of tragedies did not
eoiic Int being until even later J lien
was no mushroom talent about the
of iZngllsh cinema He served his time
Ie maps the finest choplcrs In the whole
book are thos ilevole d to the discussion
and an ilsb of tlie tragedies and no stu
Uciet of literature can read Iherr without
both pleasure and eullRhtenment Most
I e littqccs of Shakespeare are boeiklsh this
I recogri es the living enlrlt of the drama
and the loot thai It is a form of literature
i vheill lilTcrom from the novel and clc ii
I i wild In mm life in th of the
I r tier i hum tin niilst The drnii
t 1 I take s llf s it wer a in
iil li
i k t u Id
1 l
themselves to Shakespeares vitfej ane
and powerful imagination as the do to
ever intelligent man and he took them
up naturally ard without warping of view
That is one secret of the power which the
dramas lnd over thinkers in all ages
The deal with fate and the human will In
man phases no two alike The analsl
which this critic gives or the chancier of
Hamlet Is eminently sensible and
lucid ind ma serve as an example of his
general stvle in this kind of discussion
Sensitive alike in Intellect and in his moral
nature he was laced in a corrupt society in
which ever relation was tainted Tlie thought
of his mother which ought to have been a
rpnn of sweetness and strength was mien
durable He was surrounded b false friends
anl paid s ies 1 pon him was laid the appall
ing task of reasserting moral order in 1 loath
esoire household and a demoralized kingdom and
the only wav e pen to Inm was b the perpetra
lion of a ele cd of vengeance from wliuh his whole
nature drew lack in revolt The tragic situation
was rrealrd 1 the conflict against the Mate
and the familv to which he was committed b
Ihe knowledge of his fathers elevth his uncleV
crime and 1 is mothers lust and the conflict
within himself between tlie dut of revenge ani
the horror of bloesl sliedding If to these con
sideralirnj added tlio fact that lie was an
Idealist with n eleep and irresistible ten ienc
to the mesbtation an I subtle rpeculatlon which
feel in advance all the possible results of action
so keenl that the rcsponsibilit for acting be
comes almost unbearable the character of Ham
let lecomcs intelligible it not entirel ex
phc al le
The book Is a valuable acquisition to
Sh ikespearetn literature not so much for
whit is original In It as for the authors
novel and fresh wn of putting things
New York The Micmlllnn Compan
ltrcent Ilcttein
Nell Gwynn of Old Drur by Hall
Downing is a romance of the time of
Crnrles II and one of the cleverest lilts of
light literature In the seasons olHput As
those who follow drimatlc events are
aware there are two pltS now on the
stage dctling with this most fascinating
and lov iblc character Kletnor 5wnn
nnd the present novel is strongl romantic
in form netding onl a touch here and
there to make It a pit There is a gooel
detl of hlstor in It man of the famous
epigrams of the dt are Introduced ami
among the characters arc the King the
Queen Richmond Huckingham 1 tel
rriuces Stutrt and the Immortal Icpy
The action Is swift and Incessant the
character drawing line and the atmos
phere of the time skillfull reproduced
Among the epigrams of historical note Is
tliat ftmoub quatrain found pinned on the
door of His Mtjest s sleeping apartment
one morning and general ascribed to
Here lies our sovereign lord the King
Whcc word no man relies en
Who never said a foolish thing
Nor ever did a wise one
And another which has n air of realism
nbout It is put Into the mouth of Nell
Gwnn when on one careless morning she
wished to ctll her roal lover back to the
cares of state The passage in which Mr
Downing Introduces It Is as follows
No sire ou must not star idling here with
me when the esmncll elemands 0ur re setcc
The will elcmand in vain todav replied
Charles comfortably settling inimtlf ill an arm
U this Nell causht up her cloak and hurried
away toward the door This tctc a tele was quite
as pleasant for her as it was for Charle s but
she had len since determined tliat no one should
with justice re roach her for earning the king
t nrtJcct hn duty
Nell ell called Charles Where are oe
Nell glanced lack at him over her shoulder
s fat as I can to hell she replied with
clartling distinctness
ind whv with such speed to hcllf askeil the
knur In astonishment
That I mav fetch Oliver romwell hence for
he will liavc femes care for the nation and jour
njjestv lias nonel
It bhoulel be remembered that that was a
time when expressions now accounted pro
fine were as freel used t women as b
There Is one place however In which
Mr Downing seems to have taken a iib
ert with hlstor He causes Nell to ex
tort n promise from Peps b stealing
several leaves of Ills famous dltr and
threatening to read them aloud Inas
much as It Is commonly repeertevl that that
dltry was In shorthand this seems scarcelv
1 likely inclelent although a port of it may
hive been decipherable b those not ac
quainted with tlie ke Chicago Hand
McNall cL Co 1 21
Sam Lovel s Ilo b UowlanJ H Uob
Inson is another of the books about Dau
vls folks which hive neepjilntod the pub
lic vllh the name of this author The
dialect of rural New Hngl mil is accu
rate rcrdered and tlie book Is full of
the scent of sweet fen and spruce gum
The chapters which are but loosel con
nee teel deal with the small adventures of
a smill bO in comptti with his grand
father or unele It Is a pic istnt bit of
dialect Hcllon for iinOiie who likes ue h
out-of-door literature lio ton Hough
ton Mlfllln Ac Co 123
Mlse ellnin ems Itoeiks
The nthlcs of Evolution Is a book li
James Thompson Hlxb dealing as the
sub title state with The Crisis In Mor
al Occasioned b the Doctrine of Devel
opment The author objects rather
strongl to Herbert SpcnterH theor of
the universe which be considers Incom
plete and unsatlsfactorv In substantial
Ing his objections he makes some rather
rash statement as when he st stint no
complelcst s itisfactlon of high desire
gives the adult such Intoxication of happi
ness as a drum or n lwnbon will give to a
little child Tint Is a in etti r of opinion
also a matter of the c MM 1 here mav Is
some people who never experience delight
equal tie th it which the lssocl He with
the experiences of childhood but there ire
others who can te tlf that In childhood
the were often htunted even In the hap
piest moments b vague fears or misgiv
ings and b i dim sense of Intblllt te
realize happiness When the full powers
of mind and bod are developed and tu
Imagination as well as the sen es lb ii
with delight It stands to reason thit
htppincss experienced must be grcatti
This the iiithorile nies Tlie ch mees arc
that he metns th it th w mts of the adult
ire less llkcl to ti full s itlstled than the
simpler desires of the child but if that Is
what he means he ought to si It In ir
oning on mor il euestlons cspeclall In
trlng to overthrow the vim It eif Spencer
it s desirable to be accurate in ejnc s
Again the author st
Whv is it tliat honor is foun 1 in rtnlcriiig jus
ticc rather Uian injustice in telling the truth
rather than a lie Wh is not pride fcil in a
dcd ef rolhery er extortion or J skillful lie
just as much as in In nest and truthful bchaller
sure then is eiuite is mil h self asrliou in the
one class of acts as In tie oilier
The answer tn Ibis irMinunt which Is
apparently Intend el to be conclusive Is
slmpl th it there Is no wh ibout It
Given a certain st itc of socicl and honor
will be found In lIng and thleier The
Inhabitants of Mr Josl ill Iliit s Lnder
World take pride In i skillful touch
the lllghl el d chief ef old was jiroud of his
cattle lifting and minudlni mil a good
m my of his tc ee ud ints in prone of It
now which Is even more illogical ihe
wily diplomat Is proud of his skillfull
construct el f ilsehoml tin leiei liruel pol
itic m Is pruuel of his big ste ii The
ver fact th iL Justice in socle Is inre Is
due to the pride which the average hum in
betngrtDl tas In Injustice Wh it for exam
ple cnnTie more unjust than to condemn
a fellow being tinheinl to social ostra
cism7 Yet women coailnimll eln this on
the strength of a minor and take pride in
tliclr injustice The root of all this jor
In wroiigelolng Is Unit mankind does mil
ever must lake pride in se f jortlcin for
good or for evil and the reason wh sff
for s d mii i eientiiill i ik
rank nliov It - ition for evil is til it
rn inMr 1 1 t ilti ui r tit Hi i l i
Mfcinr i wi i ii i i
pui i v I i
t r i I i I t
for a sneak thief so we respect a strong
personality In proportion as Its strength Is
manifested In ways which ore more and
more removed frnm the brute the selfish
the degrading and approach more nearly
to the altruistic Ideal There Is nothing In
the doctrine that elf assertion is the bas
sis of development which netds to Inter
fere In any wav with an moral law The
author rails throughout to get at the core
of Mr Spencers phtlosoph Possibly
that is why he combats it so lgorousl
Uoston Small Manard Co- I23
Abraham Lincoln His Book Is a fac
simile of i tiny scrap book bound In black
leather In which Lincoln once for the
benefit of an enquiring friend recorded his
views en the race question It Is an exact
reproduction of thecn lginal volume which
w is parti compoeel of clippings from
newspaper reports of Lincolns speecheis
pasted In and parti In writing in
own h ind In the form of notes and
n letter addressed to the frlenel to whom
he gave the book It Is an Interesting lit
tle document especially- significant just at
this time New York McClure Phillips
America Picturesque and Descripiive
by Joel Cook is a three volume work on
the scenery cities ami folk lore of the
United Stales It is full illustrated from
fine photographs onel contains n vast
imount of interesting and valuable Infor
mation The chief Importance of the work
lies In the quantity of this Information
and the convenient way In which it is ar
ranged Each locality naturally has a
chapter to Itself nnd one ma begin with
Washington and follow the author to the
Klondike nnd Cape Nome and feel at the
end that ho has seen most of what Is
worth seeing In tals country
The chapter on Washington contains
pictures of the Capttul the Congressional
Library Interior anil Mount Vernon
Thence we are taken to the Natural
lirtdge Virginia Hull Pun Gettysburg
and subsequentl north to rhllaelelphlt
Trenton west to Chicago and south to
riorlda One advantage of the book Is
that m my Interesting historic locallties
whlch aremot described fully In any gulde
Isjok are noticed here such as Delaware
Water Gap Mauch Chunk and localities
formerly traversed h the pike of which
our forefathers were so proud
There Is little attempt at picturesque de
scription the work Is a guide book and a
very delightful one Philadelphia Henr
T Coates Co
Nortons Comnlete Handbook of Ha
vana nnd Cuba is u compact little volume
liv Albert J Norton who has contrlveel
to put into it a great deal of Information
which will be useful to the tourist settler
and Investor Chicago Hand McNall S
Pedagogics b John Wanc Castelle
U a volume of vere with a peculiar char
acter The author who lives nt Illue Isl
and Illinois Is possibly the first poet out
side of n soap factor advertising bureau
to use the word gent In pure English
-verse It has long been surmised that the
Middle West would give to the world a
new variety of American poetrj Chi
cago 1
Survivals b I- V V Hnndolph Is a
book of poems mostly of a religious na
ture New York G P Putnams Sons
The Masque of Judgment b William
Vaughn Mood Is a slender volume In
which the author es savs to revive the
masque form so succe ssfull nseel b Mil
ton and Jonson and ifterworel less skill
fulv b Mrs Itrownlng Piere are some
striking lines In the poem but It Is leSH
Hkel to bo popular than if the author had
the IvtIc form for Ills thought
Uostoit Small Minard eS Co J150
Plage Lyrics by Harry D Smith Is a
collection of songse nnd elltlles written b
this popular librettist during sonic ten or
fifteen years In It will bo found the ar
morers song from Itobln Hood Life Is
a To Shop from The Casino Girl
Same Old Story from The Hoandcrs
and many other favorites The ore not
accompanied by the music The book Is il
lustrated with forty one portraits of ac
tors and actresses whoe names have been
assocl ited with the Bongs It also has
some Illustrations which arc only remotely
related lo the songs which the accom
li in anil are evldentl put In beciuse
the publisher had them In the house
This spoils the unity of the artistic ap
peirance of the book New York R II
Kussell AL Co
The Opera Past and Present li Wil
liam Koter Apthorp Is t m ill bonk In
tended as a help to students of the
of music In it the hlstor of operat
ic composition Is taken up nnd the work
of i ach of the great composers considered
It is IlluslritesI with portraits of all the
great musicians whose biographies it con
Tho authors stele I somewhat l li
nk il but notion much so to bo Intelli
gible to the average reader Some Idea of
the general aim and method of his work
mav be found In this abstract from the
In liming the rre sent Histrrical SKcteli of the
Ope la I have thrown the whole weight of m
enleaior us n givlK a clear and cornice tccd ac
count e f the first c stablisloncnt and gra hul evo
lution if this form of art and ujion pointing out
Ihe Leneral quasi rlillosophieal rationale of the
Kan 1 liave1 aces nlinlv esetistelircil eliffcrcnt
schools cumpiesers and werks far more with refer
enec to the nifliie nce e ve ctcel hy them in further
ing or In retarding this evoution thin to their
intrinsic evecllniee
suecinctl staled tin mam chjest of Ihe res
it e llllne is this To show how a general ele
if fir seme such fonn of ilramatico lrIc art
re die epen las manifested m 1 ranee anl Italy
ii lerahl before any jww ibihti existed of its
tjttiu into actual heig hUl this
as at Ian realtzesl bv the devUing of i slrl
ailistic momsiic cciiipceeili n hy I lie I lorrntui
rtiisn lteform slid ho the open Its If was
amoisg the first practical resuMs of this lcfinu
That the tins relieal j rincq Irs hi ans rilance
with which lie Opera was first established in
riorencc in Ijsi were essenliallv fdentle al with
Ihnae j rotmiUate d in tic tout teenth eenturr hv
ltichard Wagner tliat Ihe Opera was first ell
vcilesl from ns on inal arlistn purpose through
the inmieiiee of CsrI imi ami fre m leliu ai mi
u uilli dramatic anl scenic firm if art Iks urn
a pureli musical cne Vnd tinallr how thu
Carissimi influence continues lo make itself felt
even Ihroiih anl in si Hi ol Die link reictim
uaatiist it until Warner at last tave it is elcath
1 hi- is a phase of the hlstoii of music
which has not before been brought nut
vviih such clearness and the author has
certainly done his work well He- Is posi
tive elcir and elecleled in ids stale ment
nnd Is evldentl fullv convinced of the
work which he Is doing lhe book will be
theiroimhl Interesting In most lovers eif
mule New York Cha les Scribncr s
Sons Jl J
The World i Dipirtmcut Store b
lindford Peek is a seen Intended to II
lustrtle the eeitidltlenis eif life under a co
operillve sSlem It will be lntirestlng
especilll lo ellllg people mil is like 1
to remind icadeis somen hit of Looking
llntkvi ud 1ie first of American books
on Itopii Letilsinn Me llndfnri
Wonders of Niturc ns he en and De
scribed by Gnat Writers edited b Es
ther binglelon IraiBSlttor of the Music
Drain is of Wagner Is hook vvhlth will
be Interesting lo inanv reaelers It is c
trelnil good as hooks of selections go
The editor has m lc sc ectlons from moie
than thirl authors f man races anel n t
tionalllles anil has dealt with a greit
man c ninem of th earth
as well as with the ViHc of Chamoiinl
lhe elltw tile ind other well known
Ilcef The ill I i ire IHlltl ited with
1 Will 11
V v- f 111 - of
tir tn ii iii tin e ti r t e ill
I It It
In connection with Chatto Wlndus
the A Wessels Company will publish ear
ly in March Robert I ouls Stevenson A
Life btud In Criticism by Mr H II
Hatldon at present lecturer on English
literature In the University of Vienna
who was an old schoolmate of Stevenon
A very pretty valentine volume of love
stories lias just been Issued by McClure
Phillips eC Co under the title Love
The stories are selected from McClure s
Magazine and this volume will form one ot
a series of five to be Issued this spring
The other titles are Corned Politics
Youth and The Itallroad
The Imperative demands of commerce
and Its Iconoclastic spirit are rapidly -destroying
the old landmarks of New York
and had It not been for the worthy efforts
of v irlous pitriotic societies man of the
historic spots of oftl Manhattan wouli
have been obliterated nnd left unmarked
In his Landmark History of New lork
Mr Ulmann conducts a pirt of Inqins -live
young people through the cit visit
ing all places that have historic Interest
anil examining the many commemorative
tablets with appropriate Inscriptions that
have fortunately leeen erected at various
points Uo make clear the fud significance
of the e tablet marked site the author
weaves arnuml these reminders of the
cits earl das some very Interesting and
graphic stories not only of Important
events but of the characteristics and ct
reers of these Individuals that have fig
ured prominently in the- development
from a little Dutch town of our metropo
lis It Is i book that the old New Yorker
as well ns the young New Yorker will
read with profit and enJoment The val
ue of the book is much enhanceel by the
addition of a comprehensive blbllograpnv
list of references and explanation of the
origins of street names
D Appleton Co will publish The
Private Life of King Edward VII by a
member of the roaI household uniform
with The Private Life of the Queen
Pie isures of the Telescope a descrip
tive guide for amateur astronomers by
Garrett P Scrvls of Iirooklvn Some
Ill used Words i manual for those who
desire to acquire correct use of the Eng
lish language by Mr Alfred Ayres
Uetsy Ross a Romance of the flag Ir
C C Hotchklss author of In Defiance of
the King 1 new and practic ill rewrit
ten edition of Gencal James Harrison
t Hson s China A Text Hook of As
tronomy by Prof George C Comstock
of Washburn Observ itor The Elemen
tar Principles of Chemistry by Anram
Van Eps Young Ph H professor of
Chemistry in the Northwestern Unlversl
tv Evanston 111 Tables of Weight
Metfurcs Coins etc of the United
States and England with their Equiv
alents in the Metric System b T Egles
ton Ph D and A Hoal Exchange
by J MacLaren Cobban
Drcntano will publish earl in the
spring M Ocean Trip it work appeal
ing eippeclalj to tourists ind traeTers
being a oume arraneil for the record to
bp Kept of an ocean oage In addition
to the piges for the record there arc
mnj items of Interest such js h complete
code of Isnal8 series of Karnes for ship
board entertainment p iges for the auto
graphs of fellow passengers man
other pecaltlcs which will appeal at once
to the ocean traW The plates In the
hook will be printed In appropriate colors
ind the oIume will b Issued In i form
cilculitcd to suisf the moit refined
t iste It will be found in eer wa su
perior to anything of the kind hitherto
F AI 1 upton Publishing Compan will
issue at an early diie Gwjnett of Thorn
haugh a romance b Frederick W
Hajcs author of A Kent Squire to
which this book forms a sequel
D Appleton Co hie ready a manual
entitled Fome Ill used Words 1 Atr
Alfred Ares It Is Iexcltd especially at
some h ilf dozen errors that are made bj
wtll nigh eer writer and speaker A
fritnd of Air Ares recently perpetrated
the following epigram hich has been
utilized on a bookmark bj Air Ares pub
He ru poor or in jou ruli
ou may miMi i tlut for whith
Mjn with no thonclit of ill
ultfi they j liouM av sJiall will
I - lhee ccmrnon blunder prow
In the ftrll of pcMIi like tares
Vm -an riMt them out oj knc
If ou fuPou lfnd Ajresl
Brentanos arc about Issuing a work of
unique aluc entitled Lesaons in Law for
HoTin by Walter S Cox retired Jus
tice Supreme Court District of Columbia
The author In his profession has been
often Imprt ced with the helplessness of
women in matteYs of business their lia
bility to Ijo imposed upon and their entire
Igpnrinco of the Implest rules and piinc1
ples of law
The Immediate and continuous success
of The Joy of Capt Ribot from the
Spanish master of tictlor Valdes pub
lished last leir has encouraged Hrenta
non to follow with a tlll more powerful
work from this author entitled Th
Fourth Fstate The ns in the ca e
of the former is of Spanish proUncii
lift hut with a complicated and singularly
tfTrctie plot Involving th cliff rent pollti
c ti f ictlons of a small clt The character
sketching is most materl and the whole
written in the crip clear style for which
this author is so justly fimd The can
as on which this U drtwn Is larger than
any of his prelous efforts and his char
acters stand out with IIdnes and dis
tinction eompirable only with Thomas
Hardy at his best Valdes has done or
the proinc al Sp inNh mldd e classes what
Hardy his achieved for the- English of
Wc sex The translation is In Itself
worthy of the masterly original
Freelcrle HarrNon ays of the style of
Aiauritc Hewlett
Mr Ilcrtletfi stIt Is at any rate hw own
it in part of hi t ery skin and lum j j toinpttc
U j pari fit hi naturt as wire the stIes of
tarljl ir Maaulai Tliert U no trace of tn k
or mutation alwut it It i j fctylc of miiu ar
temtaess of boM of keen stroke It
ahnits phnfs artifuial lari obscure if you
phase forctd metaj hori fllcle and ntiv c on its I
wen- n t a few 1 mnot dt ny that tins
inaniirriiii nnd as I hae said I
loatliL iuatuicrim as I do the rctk of tale to
laeeo Hut tlut nunmrwi whuli is a ral
put ef th man train ltrcd from a lacoiie
lUHpcr a tuti tirn fr nractry anl a rHrni
t jour ir the tMHliinc phrase this w hae
lo take as we hnd it en as we take tho epi
Brains of TaciUH tin euphuiviii of sr Tliomaa
Hrowm or the tru s jnd nicknames of Carljlc
I do mt pretti 1 tlut Vjuricf Hewlett ha ran
ed the ruht ot thcx groat masters of lanine
t frct upn ih his liiunMic fancies hut I
Hnd tun in many of thuu whith I frankl
nrtt and almost pervonalh rtistnt being akeil
tn nnrid lie a fiuihtn hip a nealth of ihctie n
anl a pulurc inie prrMtiuht uhkli I am forced
to aihrit arc txtcmiatm urtuimtJiict ten it
tl bar if ail avtrat jury with ruiiuiitton
cam im of Inlisli to i
Among irly publications will be Ida Al
Tirbells S ipoleon and Josephine a
nw and nUstd cilitiou ef hLr Xapo
leon whleh n achenl a wile of nearly 100
r copies The sun el i borate Illustr i
tions will be preservtd in the forthcoming
edition whleh has lnn supiU iinnti d and
enlarged through tin lddltion of a nmpa
thctle sketch of Joe phlni
Mgurd Fckdal s Itrld Ins led m tny
to suppos tint the uithor KIch ird Vfws
Is a Standln niin IK is howt t r a Ger
man well Known in his country both as a
novelist anil pliywrlght
1 IttMtlaN ttt C4I 4 ell
bTd IMICS It Harry It inith Iltu trates
New trk K II nit--11
wMUR WIiUMlls V Ilitoriil snuwinr New
ork U II lii ll
Ul 1 lt MKIin I - Tlirllluu n manee
if illfatf1 ahtbtuii Itv suL tetuleaf
llhitritetl hicako I iird A Ice
iKs Till ivmisMltl r V inn 1 1 Hi srjh
dran 1 Illootrattil Nt tik Harir St
Itiod I V
A I m Ob 1IIF lirrf N novel lv Iw
Miiin Itjwr on Nov urk Harper A brtw
oinpdtd h lltoinas J rth jii M i tc
luifln Ijiird tV I-
Hi flclfon lUt IlluvtraUd n
stiwll MauianI V to M o
IHMINDV M Tilt TWINs With DoskW i
the Hear ltin the Memoir of a Njiifflin
firl H Dira Hirv Uonven v M l
lk Tlie Wir lr
sVM 1 I I s 1 lit 1rwliml T Iohinwn
It tm ml Vw rk II unhtoii Miftliu
in ttmpu Hx i ti iuui ml it
I i Mi fl v
V I I II II K b t
1 I
1 K i i
The Mnn AVIth the Gnn
llf t kmn here in Maine looking after eome fun
This man from the eitj thU man with the un
Hit nee is rcw his operlcncc too
there are thing about hooting this nun never
HeM nils a brick house wr one time out o
tut tv 1 1 hrbchrteit Great Caear not hcl
Itut Ihoili hes erratic while phooting at pame
ctn rattled confounded goes wild m hbi aim
Hit shot Is incrrant hU toul wtthojt fear
When hp mts the poor victim he takes for deer
It you re ob in the woods and you see him oh
ml jell hke the deuce at this roan with the run
lbs vimmtf fhort vRhted jet little he rk
h he Mioops In the woods with his ffogfclmg
I or hell uig at a b ih that i brmbed by the
tor hell pop at a flicker afar none the trees
4nd the iran thats VtiIl hunting in some dark
Will e t tlie nliole doe of our friends magazine
Hill look at the corpse with u wb and a Uar
vnd whimper Fxcue me I thought twas a
O yell like the blazes n if youd beeti Xun
When vou think you observe thw ere man with
I lie gun
He pull at a noic ire a thins i In view
He almighty tony to find it is you
do fj at the Inquest he thought twas a bear
Tliooch tlut doesnt comfort a widow and heir
Up i rev3 regrets Jeates a card with hi name
locH cheerfu Iv olf without feeling to blame
Twas awkward bah Jore that be gave you the
Dut ou shouldnt lure acted so iruh like a
Its a runoui thing ya Its dooseilly oueer
How he took tliat poor blooI jKtted cliap for a
Then he lnad up again and goes on for more fun
O run he is coming this man with lie gun I
Holaian K Ijy in the bcwiton Journal
The Ilurlal
i roudcil in cr ils arose1 the sombre sun
The 1 nht i e fki grew grcj through rain of
The stately t solemn line moved on
Qea folk t vju rs Kwarmed Oic crowded picre
yiid anfu t mired tread of onned men
vrd trati hitteil warteedtj side by fcide
rd maeri leaders knl ami luroas then
drrat hingx the Irmperor and princes ride
Kn thieves and beggars childem lacking bread
TIil wi c the goevl the rich the proud the
v hujre hljck crowd with bowe1 nncovered hell
lor her gooI Mother of great kln they wait
Tl olemn organ anl the tolling bell
Hi e catafalque the crape the long black i all
nd butirg tolr and tears can only tell
jtona dead the turen beloxed of all
Hot lo em high another hmt in white
Treat h r and Indies wlo lived loving lives
Here hastes her ll rt down the dazzling light
ihd ratnts heroes poet mothcri wives
CchkI fricmN and lovers of the gracious Queen
Tale patient students who have nerved her
vnd ran on ranks of faithful men here reen
Who fought and died row joyful waiting stanj
Uth r to flinz their earthly glory down
Ftrfrre Hie lord of Ixtrds and King of hings
In ad iratic n cat aside the crown
To jom the holy tsmg that heaven sings
Now unto him be wisdom rwrver and might
Ie 1 leSng gh ry honor orthy he
I e Lamb tl at Kitteth on the throne lu light
Dnnmh n In thru ugh all eternity
Lord WanL
Tlie Ilfiur of we
Nct in tlw livedoireil wonder
W hire the soul of Venice lies
When the Min cleaves th gloom asundtr
With juthwars to uradle
tn the organs melodlom thunder
uiimon jou to tlw kics
Aot n trat rarest liour
When over the rnos ruli
Tlie City f Mower tlowcr
Iioirs in the 8u vefc ttuvh
nd the poignant stroke from the tovrer
1icrces the pints huh
Not Homes high varlts devising
That 1 uildVI the heavens In
Ahtn you know not Uie anthems ruing
From tie mz of the cherubim
Where tnsht an I cn Mirprimg
uk uttriu jenir dfareln
Not these nor the 4jroAn plendjr
Nor the dixp woods roylery
Ncr the mllen BtonuV surrender
To the rank of tle Leaping tea
Nor the jojr of the LrIntmie tender
On Natures breast to e
Iol ert nderwood Johnson
0 Lire O Ilenuct
bi range mortal Life
lhe i ervere gifts that cimc to iue from yout
I n3i chiMhooii I liave wanted all tood things
ou gave me few
ou gain me faith n ne
Iiire abo Tour own nnierus might
U Mortal lift while 1 but wanted you
And vour delight
I wantcsl dancing tcrt
Vnd flowcrv gray paths by fuelling ireams
on garc mtr lmtmnz tet n 1 ces all blurred
With ttuis aud dreams
I wanted lovtf and lol
Is though in rrockirVr vu gave me los
0 trburdtiied fore I wantesl rest you gave
The heavier tru
1 wanted ne Kjr luit
For mine own hoire to creep lway into
ou gave ire only lonelier d tcrt lands
I juirney through
Now at the la t vat verge
Of barnn uge I btumblt reel ind fling
Me down with trecsth all tptnt and h3t
And famil ing
ca n w life deal im dtailt
our wor t vour vacntetl wor t
iny 1 reat
With i umli and fumbling lands 1 gird nr for
Tie lst
James U hitcomb Uiley
ML to
Tlie crytomcrias cf old Japan
lteach to the Aie as r shH wasied with dew
s heedless cjf the mlries of man
s vhtn thwor d wasiitw
Twivt their long utiues of stately -hade
Croat miU ih res t in narehi dead and gone
Like btarlct IjIoswiih tlut ran never fjdi
learn in tlu Mttuv m
Blood retl they b am a glrrjing in the blood
sheI f r th s lins of nun in ages pat
When lnet were I nt a drops tn swell the flood
That brought th m htre at Ia t
TI ct e laicjucred ninunieiitt pek to the sky
Ot ruthless courage of thUIn for man
Of rile tint won hlped pelf mr fearcil to die
tor glrj f Iipni
Uut when tht injhtiide sings in tie frees
bije immmdtred k e the lulls that thnnr
he nings tt tlc wl gliilv diet tliat the e
Micht 1 reinetulM ml long
Lilt C ibot lMTr
Vh tie oloVil Hnn Ciimet lnelilii
Down Ie street
ttn de islo c1 Iwn omes miMiin down d
thu t vjii people staii dath stann hV yo fett
Aint dev play la 1 Hip hKriy
stir y ttump n ilnh ilc uav
ru th irusie ilit dev im iin unt be beat
Oh de iiuj r iimii a w biffin of his tuk
n di ukanmiitCK trortdin nun hfm thick
In his jogein inufi riu
Ills ih Hghliun of d stem
n lit little clou Ii errtiuV lesk mighty nIw i
ui km hiraha fi nt lrio nana wtn de whit-
bans f emuile
n dey play dev lmji tt iwl music nughtv
Rut hits SMfca plaiesl in rag tune an hits Has
tiM cii Iande
Wtn le- eolo chI lm comes ma Inn down de
en re roloVI ban -ms madtin tlown de
uu km hyeah de ladies all errutm repeat
int tliy hnu Mime am t tley gran
mt dey Fplcidul Um1ik luh
tt x de s nu feet I ooi d ftibeutlit to chn feett
n bh stepiHiv to dr nw k down ift Ifhe
lam t de uiibdc by ief dat makes It fine
Hits de walk in nlep bv htt p
An de keejuu limn wi Hep
Hat it iwk a common dittv noun divine
nt tt whiti lari pa hii s nm U an hit
uiivlitv gos to h di
Vn b t s u i h i l n r t
iu I i i -
W i I I i
i i n
Who I CoTroCT Onrral ol Csiuelt O K
The Earl of Jllnto
On what iij cf Hi nk was tlie Drrlsratioo
cf IaJfpnelfnce lgTiMf A M
Are collonwooel ami tulip trees true poplars
Tho cottonwoods are poplars tulip
trees are of tbe magnolia family
Is the phrase Te the nuinne r born corrcet or
is the word manor rlghtf From what does thes
sajfnir comet C P
Your quotation Is correct and Is from
Hamlet act I scene i
Is the Bcurdc Jis the national emblem ot
France A
It as the emblem of the French kings
the national emblem Is the trl color
In what year was John Y McKane convicted
ot election trauJs in eew lork and in what
election J C W
In ISSs He was convicted of conceal
ing the registry lists In the election of
lWi a State election
lias the Thirtr nintli Ilnciment left the Phillp
p nes for home About when will It arrite In the
Mates M M
The command Is still In the Philip
pines underlined with other regiments
to start soon for home
Has the population of Inglanel Increased or
decreased In the past ten jcars K V W
The last general census was taken In
1331 so an answer must depend on an
estimate of the present population but
careful estimators Indicate an Increase of
between 3 and -1 per cent
How- many coats of hran like fibre sre reconired
in a grain of wheat K T
Four two of woody fibre then the
cigar coat woody but in the form of a
network of tubes and fibres and last a
ery thin covering mostly woodyfibrc
and coming next the nutritious kernel
Wa3 not Mason and Dixons line re surreyed at
one time If so why anel when K C R
Part of the suney was revised In lSs
because tbe stone marking the northeast
corner had been removed accidentally
The work of the previous surveyors was
confirmed however Maryland gaining
less than two acres
hat of the Order of the Carter W
It Is the highest of British orders of
knighthood The exact date of Its foun
dation is a matter of dispute but It Is
commonly placed at 1344 Women were ad
mitted as late as the time of Edward
IV but till Queen Alexandra no woman
but the sovereign has entered the order
There are about fifty knights of the or
der altogether
Did the ancients make gass If so who ex
celled 2 What is the average weight of a man
five feet eight inthes tall D
Yes throughout the days of the Roman
Empire the great glass producing country
was Egypt 2 At the age of twenty one
It Is US pounds hereafter It increases
gradually maintaining the maximum
average of 163 between the ages of fifty
and sixty four when It falls slowly
How lance an institution is the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology 2 What causes coleir
blindness and is it uually accompameel by
other faults of the eyes N
It has 13C0 students and nearly 2
WOOOO In funds 2 The excessive use of
tobacco is said to induce It and some
drugs will bring it on temporarily but
most persons affected by It inherited the
defect Usually It Is not accompanied by
faulty IbIon
Is petroluem ueel successfully for running ma
chinery 2 re tlie cities of Pompeii ami Iler
culaneum one above the other in the lava ot
esnrviue E
Yes very extensively In some localities
where ccal Is scarce and high priceel In
parts of Russia the residuum of petroleum
refineries is used as well as the oil Itself
2 No tLey were separate cities destroy
ed by the same eruption Two modern
villages stand on the site of Herculaneum
Is there a law givin fie Imcm Veterans eif the
nil war a i reference under civil uervice rules
Yes those eterans who were discharg
ed for disabilities resulting from wounds
or sickness incurred in the service are
preference claimants under the rules
They are released from maximum age lim
itations are eligible If they obtain
the grade of 63 where others must reach
TO and are certified to appointing ofilclals
before all others These preferences are
reflected more or less In the civil service
regulations of many States
Who were the Black Canlis 2 Who seU
ande Government land for forest reservation-
anel by what tort of authority y
Descendants of the Caribs who were In
habitants of the northern coast of South
America at the discovery of the conti
nent and of the negro slaves of St Vin
cent The Black Caribs like the olSers
were almost constant fighters and when
conquered by the English abcut 17St 5000
of them were transported to an island In
the Gulf of Honduras From there they
escaped to the mainland where their de
scendants now live 2 The President bv
a good sort an act of Congress passed
iarch 3 1SS1
Will you till how ice is manufactured chenu
tals ueel and feo on S D
The Important chemical agent ordinar
ily is anhjdrous ammonia which boils at
27 degrees Fahrenheit below zero To
make Ice In cakes the water to be frozen
is put in cans that arc immersed in cold
brine Coils within the brine contain the
ammonia which it bolls the resultant
evaporation absorbing heat from the
brine until the latter Is cold enough to
cause the water In the cans to freeze
The vapor of ammonia is afterward con
verted to a liquid state to be used again
For making ice surfaces for rinks thi
cans are not used but otherwise the pro
cess is substantiallv the same
Is white le jd powdered metallic lead or how is
it made 2 Is it lie- id leretl but for
coloring matter S C
It Is not pondered metallic lead but is
i chemical compound of the latter a
basic carbonate its exact coeuposition
varving with the method of manufacture
In one method sheets of leael wound in
spirals are exposed to the air to fumes ot
weak acetic arid and to the carbon diox
ide that come from decaying organic mat
ter Vessels containing the acid and en
closing the lead are burleel in beds ot fer
menting tan or minnre the mild heat
leading to the forrpatlon of n basic ace
tate which decomposes under the influ
ence of the dioxide 2 So red lead is at
How are mirre rs made
J VY u
On i level table Is put a sheet of tin
foil covered with enough niercurv to In
sure a liquid upper surface raised edges
about the foil keeping th mercurj from
running off Tbe lower surface of the glass
to te coattMl Is made scrupulously clean
and is pushetl hcrirontally along the mer
cury Its edge being kept below tbe leve1
of the liquid in order to keep out air and
impurities When in position the table Is
tllteel and the superfluous raereurj runs
off Even pressure Is then applied to th
glass and after a while It Is lifted care
fully the Mat of amalgam aelherln
u Ith amalgamatcel surface uppermost It
rests for several weeks while tho coat
ing hardens this procetM reeiulrlng months
at times
Well eeu explain the terns Initiative seed
lle ferejltluiie as applies to la v making -2 E
The first means the right to nronose
legislation Thus lu our Congress the In
itiative as to legislation for rat ut reve
nue rests with the Hois f B ur nta
tives InStvit7erIan 1 a i rivutc n ion m
propese the raff ire re I or
uient of any lav bin a fe v m n vr one
and If cne thlnl of t i e l i j rove
the proposal tl lunubfj i d to
popular vote er be ng ten
it 1 re u ie of cglliion This is the in
li Hive of tie reople By the rcfo
epc mii is m in the practl e of hiv is
I v p t I lie li i 1 ve i
le I I llll V t Cn I ell

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